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1 (a) (i) height of inclined plane from the surface, h 1

(ii) velocity of the trolley ,v//length of the ticker tape,s 1

(iii) mass of trolley// No. of trolley // frequency of power supply, f 1

(b) (i) all value of s are consistant 1 decimal point 2


(ii) all values of v are consistant ( 1 decimal point) 2
(c) A shows a table which have h, s and v.
B state the correct unit of d/cm , s/cm and v/cms-1

h/cm s/cm v/cm s-1


20.0 5.5 27.5 2
30.0 6.9 34.5
40.0 8.0 40.0
50.0 9.3 46.5
60.0 10.5 52.5
± 0.1cm ± 0.1cm

(d) A - label y-axis and x-axis correctly


B - state the unit at both axis correctly
C - both axes with the even and uniform scale
D - 5 points correctly plotted 5
E - a smooth best straight line
F - minimum size of the graph is 5×4

( square of 2×2 cm)


Number of √ score
6 5
5 4
3-4 3
2 2
1 1

(e) V increases linearly to h 1

(f) -(The position of the eye perpendicular to the scale) when takes the reading 1
to avoid errors due to parallax/systematic error.//
- repeat experiment and take average

TOTAL MARK 16
2 (a) (i) v decrease // v decrease linearly to I 1
(ii) Show a extrapolation line on graph
1
1.0 V// 1 V // 1.05 V // (1.00 - 1.1V) (with correct unit)
1
(iii) Electromotive force// e.m.f
1
(b) (i) Show a big triangle on graph
Substitution: 1
0.5−1.0
m = 0.73−0.0
1
m = - 0.685 Ω @ - 0.685 VA-1 (Answer with unit)
(-0.68≥ 𝑚 ≥-0.69 ) 1

(ii) r = 0.685 Ω @ 0.685 VA-1 (Answer with unit)


(0.68≤ 𝑚 ≤0.69 )
1
*accept error carry forward (ecf) from b (i)

(c) (i) Subsitution :


1.0 = V + (0.9) (0.685)
Answer : 0.388 V / 0.39 V (answer with unit) 1
(0.37≤ 𝑉 ≤0.40. ) 1

0.388
(ii) 0.90
0.422  (answer with unit) 1
(0.42≤ 𝑅 ≤0.44) 1

TOTAL MARK 12
3(a) -The object distance affects the size of the image// 1
-size of the image depends on object //
- object distance increase, image size decrease

(b) The greater the object distance, the smaller the size of the image 1

(c) (i) To investigate the relationship between the object distance and the size 1
of the image

(ii) Manipulated variable : object distance, u 1


Responding variable : size of the image, H 1
Fixed variable : Focal length of the lens / type of lens/
thickness of the lens
* REJECT - Diameter of the lens

(iii) Convex lens, light bulb(+ power supply) / candle, screen, metre rule 1

(iv) Light bulb, convex lens and screen, all in line. 1


or
bulb / candle/
object

(v) 1. The convex lens is placed at distance of, u = 15 cm from the object 1
2. The screen is adjusted until a sharp image is formed on it. The 1
size of the image, H is measured and record.
3. Repeat the experiment with values of u = 20 cm, 25 cm, 30 cm
and 35 cm
(vi)u / H / cm 1
cm
15
20
25
30
35
A graph of H against u is drawn @ 1
H/cm

u/cm

Total 12
4 a) - The strength of an electromagnet is affected/depends by the current flow// 1
- the current increase , the strength of an electromagnet increase,

b) The strength of electromagnet increases when the current increases 1

c) (i) to investigate the relationship between the current and the strength of 1
electromagnet

(ii) Manipulated variable: Current, I // no. of battery 1


Responding variable: the strength of the electromagnet//,( represent by
number of pins attracted, N)
Constant variable: number of turns of solenoid
(iii) a soft iron core, insulated copper wire, pins, rheostat, ammeter, dry 1
cell
(iv) apparatus setup 1

(v) 1. 50 turns of insulated copper wire are wound onto the soft iron core
arranged as shown.
2. A switch is on and rheostat is adjusted until current I = 0.5A 1
3. The petri dish containing the steel pins is raised to the lower end of
the electromagnet. The number of pins attracted is counted as N 1
and recorded. 1
4 The experiment is repeated using I = 1.0A, 1.5A, 2.0A, and 2.5A

(vi) 1
Current, I / A Number of pins attracted, N
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5

(vii) A graph of current against number of pins is plotted or 1


I/A

N
TOTAL MARK 12