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MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

Introduction:
Children and adolescents should be encouraged to consume milk products because
this is the period of their lives in which they are building their peak bone mass and
developing lifelong habits. This article highlights the benefits of milk and milk
products, as well as common misconceptions.

What are dairy products?

A production plant for processing dairy products is called a dairy or a dairy


factory. Dairy products are generally defined as food products that are produced from
milk. They are rich sources of energy. Raw milk for processing generally comes from
cows, but occasionally from other mammals such as goats, sheep, and water buffalo.
Water is the main constituent of milk (about 90%).

Butter
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is
solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed. It
is made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk to separate the butterfat from
the buttermilk. It is generally used as a spread on plain or toasted bread products and
a condiment on cooked vegetables, as well as in cooking, such as baking, sauce making,
and pan frying. Butter consists of butterfat, milk proteins and water, and in some types,
added salt. Butter may also be sold with added flavourings, such as garlic butter.