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Cambridge International AS Level Physics Answers to end-of-chapter questions

Answers to EOC questions


Chapter 1 5 a distance in a (particular) direction [1]
b when athlete returns to his original position
1 a distance = speed × time [1] or the start [1]
= 120 × 2
60 [1] (direct) distance from original position zero
= 4.0 km [1] [1]
b The car’s direction of motion keeps changing.
Hence its velocity keeps changing. In the 6 s / m38 40 boy
36 35
course of one lap, its displacement is zero, so girl
30
its average velocity is zero. [2] 25
c distance travelled in 1 minute 20
= 0.5 × circumference [1] 15
but displacement = diameter of track [1] 10

= circumference [1] 5
π 0
= 4000 m
π = 1270 m [1] 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
t/s

2 a By Pythagoras’ theorem, a straight line from t = 0, s = 0 to t = 12, s = 36[1]


distance2 = 6002 + 8002 m2[1] b straight line from t = 0, s = 0 to t = 5, s = 10 [1]
distance = 1 000 000 = 1000 m [1] straight line from t = 5, s = 10 to t = 12, s = 38
b angle at B = tan ( 600 )[1]
–1 800
[1]
displacement = 1000 m at an angle 53° E of N c 10 s where the graphs cross [1]
[1]
c velocity = 1000 7 a Each second, it travels a constant distance.[1]
60 [1]
–1
= 16.7 m s [1] At least two examples:
at an angle 53° E of N [1] 108 – 84 = 24, 84 – 60 = 24, 60 – 36 = 24 cm[1]
24 
b s = dt = 0.1 [1]
3 a distance in car = 0.25 × 60 = 15 km [1] –1
240 cm s [1]
total distance = 2.2 + 15 = 17.2 km [1]
c 108 + 2 × 24 [1]
b By Pythagoras’ theorem, displacement 156 cm  [1]
=  2.22 + 152[1]
= 15 200 m [1] 8 a
Vector quantities have direction, and scalar
at an angle = tan ( 15 )[1]
–1 2.2
quantities do not. [1]
= 8° E of N [1] One example of a vector, e.g. velocity,
–1 2200
c time for 2.2 km at 2.0 m s = 2 = 1100 s [1] acceleration, displacement, force [1]
total time = 1100 + 900 = 2000 s [1] One example of a vector, e.g. speed, time,
distance
d average speed = time [1] mass, pressure [1]
= 17 200
2000 [1]
100 km h–1

= 8.6 m s–1[1]
e average velocity = displacement
time [1] N
15 200
= 2000  [1]
–1 500 km h–1
= 7.6 m s [1] resultant

4 resultant velocity =  1.02 + 2.402[1]


= 2.6 m s–1[1]
at an angle of tan–1( 1.0
2.4 )[1]
= 23° E of N [1]
Cambridge International AS and A Level Physics © Cambridge University Press 2014
Cambridge International AS Level Physics Answers to end-of-chapter questions

b Correct vectors drawn and labelled [1]


Scale stated and diagram of sufficient size
[1]
Resultant velocity 510 (±10) km h–1[1]
11° W of N or a bearing of 349° (±3°) [1]
c 0.25 × 510 = 128 ≈ 130 km 11° W of N

9 a velocity of aircraft
B

7.5 m s–1
15 m s–1

Correct vector diagram [1]


Velocity of aircraft in still air in easterly
direction or calculation [1]
b t = 5000 5000
15 = 333 s or 13.5 = 370 s [1]
total time = 703 or 704 s or 703.7 s [1]
average speed = 10 000 –1
703.7 = 14.2 m s [1]

Cambridge International AS and A Level Physics © Cambridge University Press 2014