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Chapter 1 5 a distance in a (particular) direction [1]

b when athlete returns to his original position

1 a distance = speed × time [1] or the start [1]

= 120 × 2

60 [1] (direct) distance from original position zero

= 4.0 km [1] [1]

b The car’s direction of motion keeps changing.

Hence its velocity keeps changing. In the 6 s / m38 40 boy

36 35

course of one lap, its displacement is zero, so girl

30

its average velocity is zero. [2] 25

c distance travelled in 1 minute 20

= 0.5 × circumference [1] 15

but displacement = diameter of track [1] 10

= circumference [1] 5

π 0

= 4000 m

π = 1270 m [1] 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

t/s

distance2 = 6002 + 8002 m2[1] b straight line from t = 0, s = 0 to t = 5, s = 10 [1]

distance = 1 000 000 = 1000 m [1] straight line from t = 5, s = 10 to t = 12, s = 38

b angle at B = tan ( 600 )[1]

–1 800

[1]

displacement = 1000 m at an angle 53° E of N c 10 s where the graphs cross [1]

[1]

c velocity = 1000 7 a Each second, it travels a constant distance.[1]

60 [1]

–1

= 16.7 m s [1] At least two examples:

at an angle 53° E of N [1] 108 – 84 = 24, 84 – 60 = 24, 60 – 36 = 24 cm[1]

24

b s = dt = 0.1 [1]

3 a distance in car = 0.25 × 60 = 15 km [1] –1

240 cm s [1]

total distance = 2.2 + 15 = 17.2 km [1]

c 108 + 2 × 24 [1]

b By Pythagoras’ theorem, displacement 156 cm [1]

= 2.22 + 152[1]

= 15 200 m [1] 8 a

Vector quantities have direction, and scalar

at an angle = tan ( 15 )[1]

–1 2.2

quantities do not. [1]

= 8° E of N [1] One example of a vector, e.g. velocity,

–1 2200

c time for 2.2 km at 2.0 m s = 2 = 1100 s [1] acceleration, displacement, force [1]

total time = 1100 + 900 = 2000 s [1] One example of a vector, e.g. speed, time,

distance

d average speed = time [1] mass, pressure [1]

= 17 200

2000 [1]

100 km h–1

= 8.6 m s–1[1]

e average velocity = displacement

time [1] N

15 200

= 2000 [1]

–1 500 km h–1

= 7.6 m s [1] resultant

= 2.6 m s–1[1]

at an angle of tan–1( 1.0

2.4 )[1]

= 23° E of N [1]

Cambridge International AS and A Level Physics © Cambridge University Press 2014

Cambridge International AS Level Physics Answers to end-of-chapter questions

Scale stated and diagram of sufficient size

[1]

Resultant velocity 510 (±10) km h–1[1]

11° W of N or a bearing of 349° (±3°) [1]

c 0.25 × 510 = 128 ≈ 130 km 11° W of N

9 a velocity of aircraft

B

7.5 m s–1

15 m s–1

Velocity of aircraft in still air in easterly

direction or calculation [1]

b t = 5000 5000

15 = 333 s or 13.5 = 370 s [1]

total time = 703 or 704 s or 703.7 s [1]

average speed = 10 000 –1

703.7 = 14.2 m s [1]

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