You are on page 1of 6

1 The Living World

1.1Introduction
1.2 Living Beings
1.3 Biodiversity
1.4 Nomenclature
1.5 Taxonomic Categories
1.6 Taxonomic Aids
2 Biological Classification
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Systems of Classification
2.3 Three Domains of Life
2.4 Kingdom Monera
2.5 Kingdom Protista
2.6 Kingdom Fungi
2.7 Lichens
2.8 Viruses and Viroids
2.9 Kingdom Plantae
2.10 Kingdom Animalia
3 Plant Kingdom
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Plant Classification System
3.3 Branches of Taxonomy
3.4 Algae
3.5 Bryophytes
3.6 Pteridophytes
3.7 Spermopsida or Spermatophyta or Seed Plants
3.8 Gymnosperms
3.9 Angiosperms
3.10 Plant Life Cycles and Alternation of Generations
4 Morphology of Flowering Plants
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Study of Morphology
4.3 The Root
4.4 The Stem
4.5 The Leaf
4.6 The Inflorescence
4.7 The Flower
4.8 The Fruit
4.9 The Seed
4.10 Semi-Technical Description of a Typical Flowering Plant
4.11 Description of Some Important Families
5 Anatomy of Flowering Plants
5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Tissues
5.3 The Tissue System

6 Meiotic Non-Disjunction 8 Transport in Plants 8.7 Types of cells 6.4 Anatomy of Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous Plants 5.4 Basic Properties of Cells 6.2 Cell Cycle 7.2 Means of Transport 8.2 What is a Cell? 6.13 Mechanism of Nitrogen Fixation . Cell: The Unit of Life 6.4 Absorption of Water by Plants 8.3 Historical account 6.10 Phloem Transport: From Source to Sink 9 Mineral Nutrition 9.3 Mitotic Phase (M Phase) 7.3 Essentiality of Minerals 9.9 Uptake and Transport of Mineral Nutrients 8.6 Secondary Growth 6.5 Water Movement up a Plant (Ascent of Xylem Sap) 8.5 Significance of Meiosis 7. 5.6 Transpiration 8.1 Introduction 7.1 Introduction 8.1 Introduction 9.7 Guttation 8.10 Metabolism of Nitrogen 9.9 Mechanism of Absorption of Elements 9.4 Meiosis 7.5 Cell Theory 6.7 Soil as a Resevoir of Essential Element 9.4 Methods to Study Mineral Requirements of Plants 9.5 Leaf 5.6 Translocation of Solutes 9.6 Cell Shapes and Sizes 6.8 Wilting 8.9 Structure of Eukaryotic Cell 7 Cell Cycle and Cell Division 7.1 Introduction 6.8 Structure of Prokaryotic Cells 6.2 Mineral Elements 9.12 Biological Nitrogen Fixation 9.5 Toxicity of Micronutrients 9.3 Plant-Water Relations 8.8 Deficiency Symptoms of Essential Elements 9.11 Nitrogen Cycle 9.

3 Types of Respiration 11.5 Mechanism of Aerobic Respiration 11.3 Historical Account: Early Experiments 10.2 Plant Growth 12.2 Reproduction 13.9 Biosynthetic Phase: Dark reaction 10.1 Introduction 11.6 Theory Involved in Photosynthesis 10.2 Photosynthesis–Requirement of autotrophic nutrition 10.8 Seed Germination 12.13 Respiratory inhibitors 11.1 Introduction 12.7 Role of Respiration in Biosynthesis 11.4 Differentiation.10 Photoperiodism 12.12 Plant Movement 13 Reproduction In Organisms 13.9 Phytochrome and Seed germination 12.8 Fermentation 11.10 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants 10.7 Light Reactions (Photosynthetic phase) 10.2 Respiratory Substrates 11.9 Amphibolic Pathway 11.5 Site of Photosynthesis 10.11 Respiratory Quotient 11.10 Hexose Monophosphate Shunt 11.12 Factors Affecting Respiration 11.1 Introduction 10.3 Asexual Reproduction 13. Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation 12.10 Photorespiration 10.6 Respiratory Processes and Balance Sheet 11.7 Dormancy 12.14 Salt Respiration 12 Plant Growth and Development 12.8 The Electron Transport 10.11 Vernalization 12.6 Plant Growth Regulators 12.4 Glycolysis 11.1 Introduction 13.3 Growth Rates 12.4 Photosynthetic Pigments 10.5 Development 12.4 Vegetative Propagation .11 Factors affecting Photosynthesis 11 Respiration in Plants 11.

7 Pollen–Pistil Interaction 14.24 Chromosomal Disorders 16 Molecular Basis of Inheritance 16. 13.3 Pre-Mendelian Theories 15.11 Polygenic Traits (Quantitative Inheritance) 15.13 Linkage And Crossing Over 15.6 Events in Sexual Reproduction 14 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants 14.2 Inheritance: Heredity And Variations 15.4 The Search for Genetic Material 16.5 Sexual Reproduction 13.22 Genetic Disorders 15.23 Mendelian Disorders 15.3 Packaging of DNA Helix 16.1 Introduction 15.5 RNA World 16.4 Genetic Terms And Symbols 15.8 Exception to law of dominance 15. Megasporangium (Ovule).18 Lethal Gene Interaction 15.5 Mendelian Inheritance 15.4 Stamens.19 Variations 15.6 One Gene Inheritance 15. Microsporangium and Pollen Grain 14.1 Introduction 16.17 Sex-Linked Inheritance 15.2 The DNA 16.7 Two Gene Inheritance 15. Megasporogenesis and Embryo Sac 14.6 Pollination 14.21 Mutations 15.3 Pre-Fertilization: Structures and Events 14.16 Sex Determination 15.10 Apomixis and Polyembryony 15 Principles of Inheritance and Variation 15.15 Chromosome Mapping 15.12 Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance 15.14 Recombination (Crossing Over) 15.5 The Pistil.8 Double Fertilization 14.2 Flower—a fascinating organ of angiosperms 14.6 Replication of DNA .9 Post-Fertilization: Structures and Events 14.10 Epistasis—Non-Allelic Interactions 15.20 Population Genetics 15.1 Introduction 14.9 Interaction of Two Genes—Complementary and Supplementary Genes 15.

10 Genetic Code 16.3 Microbes in Industrial Products 18.2 Microbes in Household Products 18.11 Microbes as Bio fertilizers 19 Organisms and Populations 19.13 DNA Fingerprinting 16.4 Fermented Beverages 18.8 Ecological Succession 20.6 Responses to Abiotic Factors 19.3 Environment.2 Plant breeding 17.8 Gene expression 16.8 Population Attributes 20 Ecosystem 20.11 Translation 16.1 Introduction 20.9 Transcription 16.1 Introduction 17.6 Energy Flow 20.9 Characteristic Features of Various Ecosystems 20.10 Microbes as Biocontrol Agents 18.7 Microbes in Sewage Treatment 18. Enzymes and other Bioactive Molecules 18.9 Microbes in Mining 18.10 Ecosystem Services .7 Nutrient Cycling 20.2 Ecological Organization 19.12 Regulation of Gene Expression 16.4 Organism and Its Environment 19.7 Adaptations 19.1 Introduction 18.1 Introduction 19.5 Antibiotics 18.8 Microbes in Production of Biogas 18.3 Single Cell Protein (SCP) 17.6 Chemicals.4 Productivity 20. Habitat and Niche 19.7 Types of RNA 16.5 Major Abiotic Factors 19.4 Tissue Culture 18 Microbes in Human Welfare 18. 16.2 Ecosystem and its Classification 20.5 Decomposition 20.14 Human Genome Project 17 Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production 17.3 Ecosystem-Structure and Function 20.

2 Biodiversity 21.10 Radioactive Wastes 22.4 Patterns of Biodiversity 21.9 Red Data Books 22 Environmental Issues 22.1 Introduction 21.5 The Importance of Species Biodiversity to the Ecosystem 21.8 Solid Wastes 22.7 Biodiversity Conservation 21.9 Soil Pollution 22.5 Water Pollution 22.13 Deforestation 22.11 Global environment change 22.2 Pollution and Pollutants 22.21 Biodiversity and Conservation 21.4 Air Pollution 22.12 Degradation by Improper Resource Utilization and Maintenance 22.6 Noise Pollution 22.8 Methods to Conserve Biodiversity 21.7 Thermal Pollution 22.1 Introduction 22.14 Acts Related to Pollution Control Previous Years’ Solved Questions Exercises Answer Key .6 Loss of Biodiversity 21.3 Biodiversity on the Earth and in India 21.3 Kinds of Pollution 22.