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THE BLACK RHINOCEROS

The black rhinoceros is a massive, double-horned species that has grayish skin coloring. The
black rhino can weigh up to 1.5 tones and grow up to 140 – 160 cm in height. They can live up to
30 – 35 years in the wild and about 45 years in captivity. Black rhinos have poor eyesight and
theyrely heavily on their sense of smell and hearing to alert them to the presence of predators.
They are extremely fast and agile with a top speed of more than 50 km/hr.

Black rhinos are not very territorial and often travel in and out of other rhino territories. They can
be found in East and central Africa in countries such as Angola, Cameroon, Kenya, Namibia,
South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

As of 2012, black rhinos have been assigned "critically endangered" population status. The
"critically endangered" classification of the black rhino is due to the species' immense population
drop from the beginning of the 1960s. At around the closing of 2010, the estimate for the
population of black rhinos was 4,880 specimens. Due to conservation efforts the numbers of
black rhinoceroses are seeing consistent improvement. In 1995, fewer than 2,500 black rhinos
roamed the wild.

Since the 1970s, poaching has been a major culprit behind the reduced population of these
herbivores -- all in pursuit of their horns, which are used for the production of both daggers and
medicine. Black rhinos are very susceptible to poaching for a variety of reasons, one of which is
their bad vision. If a black rhino cannot see a poacher approaching, it makes it a lot harder to
escape. Habitat alterations also contribute to lowered numbers of the species. Black rhinos are
also sometimes perceived by the public as being menacing and unstable animals to human
beings, and as a result of that, are also frequently killed.