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# Chapter 3 : Démographie:

1 current Population:
The village of N'Gaous counts a population of 29300 inhabitants (RCPH 2008),
among whom only 43% inhabitants who occupy the scattered zone of the village, the
increase rate is considered at 1.30 % - (*-PbAU) over expiry date medium and long-term,
what gives a population of 29257 inhabitants to the leader place of the village (RCPH
2008).
2 Future Population:
The calculation of current demographic evolution (year 2018) and the increase of the
future population for horizons, runs middle term (Tanned on 2038) and the long term ( year
2058) is given by following expression:

Pn = P0 (1 + τ)n

##  Pn : Population on the horizon of calculation 2018, 2038, 2058.

 P0 : last official Population count of
year 2008
 τ: Increase rate τ = 1.30%
 n: Number of separating years / 'year 2018 and the required year of
calculation.
Summary picture of the current and future population

## Centre Year 2018 Year 2038 Year 2058

N’Gaous Inhabitants Inhabitants Inhabitants
Maturities Current midterm Long-term
Population 33334 43167 55891
Estimation of wastewaters flow:

1 Introduction:

The estimation of the flow of domestic wastewaters evacuated a day is made from daily inhabitant
consumption of drinking water with a 20 % depression; that’s 80 %, of daily consumption.

By considering a daily allocation in drinking water of 200 l / j / inhabitant, the flow of wastewaters will
be estimated at 80 %, of this allocation, that is a daily wastewater flow rejected per inhabitant equivalent
to 160 l / j / inhabitant
2 Estimation of the flow of domestic wastewaters:
Generally, the flow will be estimated on the basis of 80 %, of daily consumption in drinking water.
In the case of this study, the estimated flow is made for the horizon 2038 and 2058. The obtained flow is
an average flow of the wastewaters given by following relation:

## Favr: average flow rejected by m3/ h.

d: allocation of drinking water 200 l /d /inhabitant.
N: number of inhabitants.

In the course of seasons, the flow used by the inhabitants is restored in form of wastewater is not
constant, but varies by introducing maximum points
In that case the medium flow will be increased by a peak coefficient Cp, so we will get flow peak Fp .

Fp = Cp ∗ Favr

## Fp: flow peak.

Cp : peak coefficient.
2.50
Cp = 1.50 +
√Favr
Calculation of the water consumption flow:
1-calculation of the daily medium water consumption flow:

The consumption in water of an agglomeration is estimated according to the daily allocation, which
depends on its size and on the category of the consumer, it is expressed by following expression:

## 𝐹𝑎𝑣𝑟 = 𝑓𝑖 ∗ Ni /1000 (m3 / day)

With:
fi: Daily allocation / type of consumer expressed by (liters / day / inhabitants).
Ni: Number of users for every category of consumers.
2 - Domestic needs in water:

We will consider based on an allocation of 200 l/j/inh to be discreet as part of P. O. A. U from the
village of N'gaous.

The Needs in water, which express in daily medium consumption with domestic usage, are carried as
following:

ACL N' GAOUS Current (2018) Mid. Term (2038) Long. Term (2058)

## 3 - Needs in water of the existent equipment

a) – Current equipment Needs in water:
The current needs in waters are determined according to the following table:
EQUIPMENT NUMBER UNIT EFFECTIVE ALLOCATION WATER
DEMAND
L/D M3/D
HIGH SCHOOL 2 STUDENT 1600 25 40
MIDDLE SCHOOL 5 STUDENT 4000 25 100
TECHNICAL 1 STUDENT 1200 25 30
SCHOOL
SCHOOL
APTC 1 STUDENT 800 25 20
PRIMARY SCHOOL 13 STUDENT 3420 25 85.5
CRÈCHE 4 KID 120 25 3
MEALS 13 EMP-STU 3420 10 34.2
HEALTH HOSPITAL 1 BED 240 60 14.4
POLYCLINIC 1 PATIENT 60 30 1.8
HEALTH CENTER 1 PATIENT 80 15 1.2
CARE ROOM 7 PATIENT 300 15 4.5
LABORATORY 1 EMPLOYEE 10 40 0.4
MATERNITY 1 BED 20 60 1.2
PHARMACIES 12 EMPLOYEE 40 10 0.4
SOCIO- CULTURAL CENTER 1 VISIT 100 25 2.5
CULTURAL YOUTH CENTER 1 VISIT 80 25 2
MOSQUE 12 LOYAL 9000 25 225
RELIGIOUS KORANIC SCHOOL 2 STUDENT 100 25 2.5
GRAVEYARD 5 GARD. 10 30 0.3
PUBIC GARDEN 2 M2 4000 1 4
HOBBIES HOSTEL 1 BED 50 30 1.5
TOURISM HOTEL 1 BED 20 50 1
RELIGIOUS MUNICIPAL 1 ATHLETE 120 20 2.4
MULTISPORT ROOM 1 ATHLETE 100 20 2
ATHLETIC SOCCER COURT 5 M2 4000 0.25 1
CSP 1 ATHLETE 60 20 1.2
TELEPHONE 1 EMPLOYEE 30 25 0.75
CENTER
SUB-DIV HYD 1 EMPLOYEE 10 25 0.25
COURT 1 EMPLOYEE 50 25 1.25
A.P.C 1 EMPLOYEE 150 20 3
ANT APC 3 EMPLOYEE 30 25 0.75
PTT 4 EMPLOYEE 40 25 1
ADMINISTRATIVE URBAN SAFETY 1 AGENT 30 30 0.9
GENDARMERIE 1 GENDARME 10 30 0.3
1
COMPREND. GENDARME 30 25 0.75
SONALGAZ 1 EMPLOYEE 15 25 0.375
CADASTRE 1 EMPLOYEE 10 25 0.25
DAIRA 1 EMPLOYEE 30 25 0.75
CIVIL.PROTECTION 1 EMPLOYEE 20 25 0.5
POLICE 1 AGENT 20 25 0.5
CNASAT 1 EMPLOYEE 12 25 0.3
1
SEWAGE EMPLOYEE 6 25 0.15
DEPARTMENT
PENITENTIARY 1 PRISONER 50 30 1.5
ANEA 1 EMPLOYEE 6 25 0.15
ADM- BLOCK 1 EMPLOYEE 60 20 1.2
SERVICES
DDA 1 EMPLOYEE 4 25 0.1
LIBRARY 1 EMPLOYEE 8 25 0.2
2
INSP.EDUC EMPLOYEE 10 25 0.25
CALPIREF 1 EMPLOYEE 4 25 0.1
BDL 1 EMPLOYEE 12 25 0.3
CNEP 1 EMPLOYEE 12 25 0.3
BADR 1 EMPLOYEE 12 25 0.3
COFFEE 10 EMPLOYEE 50 25 1.25
BAKERY 10 EMPLOYEE 120 50 6
RESTAURANT 12 CLIENT 150 10 1.5
SHOPS
WASH-STATION 15 EMPLOYEE 60 50 3
1
MARKET EMPLOYEE 60 25 1.5
LOCAL 15 EMPLOYEE 30 20 0.6
BATHHOUSE 10 CLIENT 200 80 16
U.SERVIETTES 1 EMPLOYEE 60 25 1.5
ERIAD 1 EMPLOYEE 5 20 0.1
SLAUGHTER 1 HEAD 100 50 5
PARCK APC 1 EMPLOYEE 6 25 0.15
INDUSTRY
WASH STATION 2 M2 1000 10 10
MARKET 1 EMPLOYEE 70 200 14
EMAC 1 EMPLOYEE 60 25 1.5
BRICKYARD 1 EMPLOYEE 100 30 3
Favr -the water requirements of the equipment 663.275

It is to report that Favr of the current equipment represents about . 10.05 % of the domestic needs,
therefore the same percentage will be applied on the medium term and the long term.
3-3) Calculation of debit of waters of domestic consumption and equipment:

## COMPLETE CONSOMPTION CURENT MIDDLE .TERME LONG. TERME

(M3 / D) (DOM + EQUIP) 2018 2038 2058
SERVANTS (M3 / D) 6666.8 8633.4 11178.2
EQUIPMENT (M3 /D) 663.275 863.34 1117.82
TOTAL AVERAGE FLOW 7330.075 9496.74 12296.02
(M3 /D)

\
Estimation of domestic flow of wastewaters and equipment:

Wastewater flow
A. C.L N'gaous
current 2018 ON 2038 ON 2058
Favr wastewater 7597.392
5864.06 9836.816
(M3/d)

## Estimation of the flow peak:

1- current year 2018:

## 𝐹𝑎𝑣𝑟−𝑒𝑞 = 5864.06 𝑀3 ⁄𝑑 = 67.87 𝑙/𝑠.

2.50 2.50
𝐶𝑃 = 1.50 + = 1.50 + = 1.803.
√𝐹𝑎𝑣𝑟−𝑒𝑞 √67.87

## 𝐹𝑝 = 1.803 ∗ 5864.06 = 10572.90 𝑀3 /𝑑 = 122.40 𝑙/𝑠

𝐹𝑝 = 440.649 𝑀3 /ℎ

## 2- long term 2058:

𝐹𝑎𝑣𝑟−𝑒𝑞 = 9836.02 𝑀3 ⁄𝑑 = 113.84 𝑙 ⁄𝑠

2.50
𝐶𝑝 = 1.50 + = 1.734
√113.85

## 𝐹𝑝 = 1.734 ∗ 9836.02 = 17058.69 𝑀3 ⁄𝑑 = 197.44 𝑙 ⁄𝑠

𝐹𝑝 = 710.78 𝑀3 ⁄ℎ