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# EXP.

NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

PROCEDURE:

## 1- We recorded the name plate data of the machine under test :

1.2 h.p –single phase induction motor ,1500 r.p.m synchnous speed
I=8.8 A ,220v

## 2- We connected the cct. Shown below :

3- With the no load test ,we measured the input power and output power at different
values of supply voltage as shown in Table:

## V/VOLT Im/A Ia It/A Wi/W F/lb N/r.p.m

200 4 0 4 80 0 1490
200 4.5 0 4.8 480 3 1466
200 5 0 5.2 720 4.5 1455
200 5.5 0 6 840 5.2 1441
200 6 0 6.4 920 6.2 1425
200 6.5 0 7 1088 7 1423
200 7 0 7.2 1248 7.75 1420
4- We applied load to the motor inserting it in steps and taking values of torque and
reading of the instruments in each step

V/volt It/A Ia/A Wi/W N/r.p.m
200 4 3.8 80 1500
180 3.6 3.3 64 1500
160 3.2 2.8 40 1500
140 2.8 2.5 40 1500
120 2.4 2.1 16 1500
100 2.2 1.7 16 1500
50 2 1.4 16 1500
0 0 0 0 0
EXP.NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

5- We measured the starting current ,starting torque and capacitor at different values of
capacitor
At starting :
It=5.35 ,Im=5.3 A ,Wm =80 ,V = 56v Ia=0.054
6- With the blocked rotor test ,we measured the input current and input power of
different value of supply voltage

## V/volt Im/A Ia/A It/A Vc/V Wm/W

69 7 0.5 7 91.9 244
62 6 0.45 6 80 240
45 4 0.38 4.3 75 120
28 2 1.4 2.4 44 8
0 0 0 0 0 0

68 7 0.2 7.2 240
63 6 0.4 6.4 200
45 4 0 4.4 160
28 2 0 2.4 8
0 0 0 0 8

## v/vOLT Im/A Ia/A It/A Wm/W Vc/volt

69 7 1.88 9 400 25.6
62 6 1.62 8 280 22.4
46 4 1.12 5.6 120 15.3
27 2 0.5 2.8 4 7.4
0 0 0 0 0 0

## 8- Finally ,we measured the DC resistance of the main winding

RDC= 1.4ohm
EXP.NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

REPORT:
1- From the no load test ,blocked rotor test ,find the equivalent cct. Parameters of
the main winding?
Ans//
ZNL=VNL/INL , RNL = PNL/𝐼𝑛𝑙 2 , XNL = √𝑍𝑛𝑙 2 − 𝑅𝑛𝑙 2

Retabulating table :

## V It/A Pnl/W Znl/ohm Rnl/ohm Xnl/ohm

200 4 80 50 5 49.7
180 3.6 64 50 4.9 49.7
160 3.2 40 50 3.9 49.7
140 2.8 40 50 5.1 49.7
120 2.4 16 50 2.7 49.7
100 2.2 16 45.4 3.3 45.3
50 2 16 25 4 24.6
0 0 0 inf inf inf

## From the blocked rotor test :

Zbm =Vbm/Ibm
Where : Zbm input impedance of main winding
Rbm = Pbm/𝐼𝑏𝑚2 Rbm= resistance of main winding
Xbm = √𝑍𝑏𝑚2 − 𝑅𝑏𝑚2 Xbm=reactance of main winding

Retabulating Table

## Vbm/v Ibm/A Pbm/W Zbm/ohm Rbm/ohm Xbm/ohm

68 7 240 9.71 4.89 8.3
63 6 200 21 5.55 20.25
45 4 160 11.25 10 5.15
28 2 8 14 2 13.8
0 0 0 inf
EXP.NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

2- Calculate the torque ,power input ,efficient and power factor for various of speed .
Ans //
Win = VICos0
Pf=cos0 =Win/VI
T=F*d*4.444
,d=0.15
Pout = T* Wm =T* nm*(2pi/60)
Effi=Pout/Pin *100
Retabulating all of above

V/v IA/A Win/W p.f F/lb T/n.m Nm/r.p.m Wm/rad Pout Eff %
200 4 80 0.1 0 0 1490 156 0 0%
200 4.8 480 0.5 3 2 1466 153 306 63.7%
200 5.2 720 0.69 4.5 3 1455 152 456 63.3%
200 6 840 0.7 5.2 3.46 1441 150 520.5 61.9%
200 6.4 920 0.718 6.2 4.129 1425 149 615 66.8%
200 7 1088 0.77 7 4.662 1423 149 696 63.9%
200 7.2 1248 0.866 7.75 5.16 1420 148 765 61.2%
EXP.NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

3- Plot the torque ,power input , power output ,efficiency and power factor versus
speed from and calculated results.
EXP.NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

4- Calculate the starting torque ,starting current and capacitor voltage for different
values capacitance

5- Plot starting torque and starting current ,voltage the capacitance values and find
the optimum value of capacitance?/

##  In Figure below a larger capacitor may be used to start a single phase

induction motor via the auxiliary winding if it is switched out by a
centrifugal switch once the motor is up to speed. Moreover, the auxiliary
winding may be many more turns of heavier wire than used in a resistance
split-phase motor to mitigate excessive temperature rise. The result is that
more starting torque is available for heavy loads like air conditioning
compressors. This motor configuration works so well that it is available in
multi-horsepower (multi-kilowatt) sizes.

##  Capacitor-run motor induction motor

A variation of the capacitor-start motor (Figure below) is to start the motor
with a relatively large capacitor for high starting torque, but leave a smaller
value capacitor in place after starting to improve running characteristics while
not drawing excessive current. The additional complexity of the capacitor-run
motor is justified for larger size motors.
EXP.NO 3
CAPACITOR START SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

## Capacitor-run motor induction motor.

 A motor starting capacitor may be a double-anode non-polar electrolytic
capacitor which could be two + to + (or - to -) series connected polarized
electrolytic capacitors. Such AC rated electrolytic capacitors have such
high losses that they can only be used for intermittent duty (1 second on,
60 seconds off) like motor starting. A capacitor for motor running must
not be of electrolytic construction, but a lower loss polymer type.