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THE ANTI SEXUAL HARASSMENT ACT OF 1995

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7877

A. Objectives:
This social legislation enhances the development of its human resources;
guarantee full respect for human rights; and uphold the dignity of workers,
employees, applicants for employment, students or those undergoing training,
instruction or education.

B. Evil sought to be avoided:


Sexual harassment in the employment, education or training environment

C. Acts to be penalized:

1. In a work-related or employment environment, sexual harassment is committed


when:

(a) The sexual favor is made as a condition in the hiring or in the employment, re-
employment or continued employment of said individual, or in granting said
individual favorable compensation, terms of conditions, promotions, or privileges; or
the refusal to grant the sexual favor results in limiting, segregating or classifying the
employee which in any way would discriminate, deprive ordiminish employment
opportunities or otherwise adversely affect said employee;
(b) The above acts would impair the employee's rights or privileges under existing
labor laws; or
(c) The above acts would result in an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment
for the employee.

2. In an education or training environment, sexual harassment is committed:

(a) Against one who is under the care, custody or supervision of the offender;
(b) Against one whose education, training, apprenticeship or tutorship is entrusted to
the offender;
(c) When the sexual favor is made a condition to the giving of a passing grade, or the
granting of honors and scholarships, or the payment of a stipend, allowance or other
benefits, privileges, or consideration; or
(d) When the sexual advances result in an intimidating, hostile or offensive
environment for the student, trainee or apprentice.

D. Penalties:

Imprisonment of not less than one (1) month nor more than six (6) months, or a
fine of not less than Ten thousand pesos (P10,000) nor more than Twenty thousand pesos
(P20,000), or both such fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the court.
THE EXPANDED SENIOR CITIZENS ACT OF 2010
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9994
A. Objectives:
To recognize the rights of senior citizens to take their proper place in society and
make it a concern of the family, community, and government;
To give full support to the improvement of the total well-being of the elderly and
their full participation in society, considering that senior citizens are integral part
of Philippine society;
To motivate and encourage the senior citizens to contribute to nation building;
To encourage their families and the communities they live with to reaffirm the
valued Filipino tradition of caring for the senior citizens;
To provide a comprehensive health care and rehabilitation system for disabled
senior citizens to foster their capacity to attain a more meaningful and productive
ageing; and
To recognize the important role of the private sector in the improvement of the
welfare of senior citizens and to actively seek their partnership.

B. Evil sought to be avoided:


Disregard the welfare rights of senior citizens and worsen the quality of life of the
senior citizens who are considered to be underprivileged in the country.

C. Acts to be penalized:
Refusal to honor the senior citizen card issued by the the government
Abuse of the privileges granted

D. Penalties:

For the first violation, imprisonment of not less than two (2) years but not more than
six (6) years and a fine of not less than Fifty thousand pesos (Php50,000.00) but not
exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (Php100,000.00);
For any subsequent violation, imprisonment of not less than two (2) years but not
more than six (6) years and a fine of not less than One Hundred thousand pesos
(Php100,000.00) but not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (Php200,000.00);
and
Any person who abuses the privileges granted herein shall be punished with
imprisonment of not less than six (6) months and a fine of not less than Fifty thousand
pesos (Php50,000.00) but not more than One hundred thousand pesos
(Php100,000.00).
If the offender is a corporation, partnership, organization or any similar entity, the
officials thereof directly involved such as the president, general manager, managing
partner, or such other officer charged with the management of the business affairs
shall be liable therefor. If the offender is an alien or a foreigner, he/she shall be
deported immediately after service of sentence.
THE HOME DEVELOPMENT MUTUAL FUND LAW OF 1980
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1752
A. Objectives:
To promote the public welfare through ample social services, as well as its
humanist commitment to the interests of the working groups, in relation
particularly to their need for a decent shelter.
To strengthen the Home Development Mutual Fund and make it more effective
both as a savings generation and home-building program for the gainfully-
employed members of the Philippine society

B. Evil sought to be avoided:


Disregard the welfare rights of the people particularly their need for a decent
shelter and worsen the public welfare

C. Acts to be penalized:
Refusal or failure without lawful cause or with fraudulent intent to comply with
the provisions of this Decree, as well as the implementing rules and regulations
adopted by the Board of Trustees, particularly with respect to registration of
employees, collection and remittance of employee savings as well as employer
counterparts, or the correct amount due, within the time set in the implementing
rules and regulations or specific call or extension made by the Fund Management.

D. Penalties:
A fine of not less, but not more than twice, the amount involve or imprisonment
of not more than six (6) years, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the
discretion of the Court, apart from the Civil liabilities and/or obligations of the
offender or delinquent.