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Roll Number:

Thapar University, Patiala


Department Mechanical Engineering
M. E. (THERMAL): Semester-I Course Code: PTH103
Course Name: Internal Combustion
Engines
DECEMBER 13, 2017 WEDNESDAY, 2.00 - 5.00 P.M
Time: 3 Hours, M. Marks: 100 Name Of Faculty: Sumeet Sharma

Attempt all parts of the same question in sequence, assume data if missing.

Qla) A four-stroke gasoline engine with a swept volume of 5 litres has a volumetric
efficiency of 75% when running at 3000 rpm. The, engine is fitted with a
carburetor which has a choke diameter of 35 mm. Assuming the conditions of a
simple carburetor and neglecting the effects of compressibility, calculate the
pressure and the air velocity at the choke. Take the coefficient of discharge at the
throat as 0.85 and take the atmospheric conditions as 1 bar and 27 °C. (10)

b) Explain phenomenon of nozzle dribble, how can it be controlled? (06)

c) What are the causes of difference between real cycles and fuel air cycles? (04)

Q2a) Explain the dry sump lubrication mechanism with neat sketch. Also explain the
term viscosity index. (OS)

b) Explain in detail working of common rail direct injection mechanism with neat (10)
labeled sketch.

c) Explain with neat sketch the working of gasoline direct injection engine,.
showing the constructional features and explain the different 'modes of (05)
operation of gasoline direct injection engines..

Q3a) Explain with neat sketch the working.of closed loop lambda system. (10)

b) Explain with neat sketch, different types of combustion chambers used in (5)
compression ignition engines.

c) Explain the working of mechanisM of exhaust gas recirculation system (5)


vacuum regulated with neat sketch for different engine loads.

Q4a) Explain in dual fuel engines, the effect of injection-timing, inlet temperature, type (9)
and composition of gaseous fuel on engine performance.

b) What are stratified charged engines? Explain different methods with neat (8)
diagrams to obtain charge stratification.
c) Explain the use of combustion charts. (3)

Q5a) What are alternate fuels? Explain the properties of CNG, LPG and hydrogen
which makes them suitable for use as fuels for internal combustion engines. (7) -

1)) The following set of observations refer to a Ilia! on a single-cylinder, four-stroke


solid injection diesel engine of 200mm bort: and lU0 mm stroke; gross mep =
6.20 bar, pumping mep = 0.44 bar, speed= ?(c rpm, brake torque = 468 Nm; fuel
used 3.85 kg of oil per hour of gross calorific \ a l tie 46600 KJ/kg, cooling water 6
14 the trail expressing various
kg/min raised 47 °C. Draw up a heat balance
quantities in kJ/min and calculate the mechanical efficiency of the engine. If the
titel contains 13.5% 11, (by mass) and the air supply to the engine 1.71 kg/min at
17 °C. Estimate the heat carried away per minute by the exhaust gas. when their
temperature is 280 °C. Assume a mean specific heat of 1 kJ/kg and specific heat
of fuel to be 4 kJ/kg K. Take sensible heat of air and fuel also in the heat balance. ti
Take ambient temperature as 0°C. (13)