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BUCKLING STRENGTH OF SHELLS

Recommeded Practice DNV-RP-C202, Jan 2013

PRINCIPAL DATA WSD, ref RP-C202 §1.2

Structure Identification NSCV_UH_CylShell_LCA


Basic Loading Condition a) condition S

SHELL Orthogonally Stiffened (Stress input)


Thickness t 12 mm
Yield stress fy 355 N/mm2
Shell Radius (middle of plate) r 3750 mm
Distance between rings l 2800 mm
Length of shell L 5600 mm
Stiffner Spacing s 1250 mm

LONGITUDINAL STIFFENER T-profile HP370x14


Yield strength fy 355 N/mm2
Total Height of section htot 300.0 mm
Web thickness tw 8.0 mm
Flange width bfe 100.0 mm
Flange thickness tfe 12.0 mm

RING STIFFENER AND RING FRAMES Ring stiffener:


Stiffener Type - None - -
Yield stress fy 0 N/mm2
Total Height of section htot 0.0 mm
Web Thickness tw 0.0 mm
Flange width bfe 0.0 mm
Flange thickness tfe 0.0 mm
Distance between tripping brackets lT 0.0 mm
Initial out of roundness of stiffener: δO 0.0 * r
Fabrication method: Rolled

LOAD DATA:
Shell
Design Axial force, Nsd = 0 kN
Design bending mom. Msd = 0 kNm
Design torsional mom. Tsd = 0 kNm
Design shear force, Qsd = 0 kN
Design lateral pressure, psd = 0 N/mm2 Design lateral press
NGTH OF SHELLS Time 1:32:54
DNV-RP-C202, Jan 2013 Date 5/11/2018

1. Unstiffened shell (Force input)

3. Unstiffened shell (Force input)


Heavy Ring Frame:
T-profile -
fy 355 N/mm2
htot 600.0 mm
tw 10.0 mm
bfe 100.0 mm
tfe 20.0 mm
lT 1875.0 mm
L. betw. Gir LH 5600.0 mm
Fabricated

5. Ring Stiffened shell (Force input)


Panel
Design axial stress, σa,sd -10 N/mm2
Design bending stress, σm,sd 0 N/mm2
Design torsional stress, τT,sd 0 N/mm2
Design shear stress, τQ,sd 35 N/mm2
Design lateral pressure, psd -0.060 N/mm2
Additional hoop stress, σh,sd 0 N/mm2
7. Orthogonally Stiffened shell (Force input)
2. Unstiffened Panel (Stress input)

4. Longitudinal Stiffened panel (Stress input)

6. Ring Stiffened panel (Stress input)


(Force input)
8. Orthogonally Stiffened panel (Stress input)
ed shell (Force input)
BUCKLING STRENGTH OF SHEL
Recommeded Practice DNV-RP-C202, Jan 201

PRINCIPAL DATA WSD, ref RP-C202 §1.2

Structure Identification NSCV_UH_CylShell_LCA


Modulus of Elasticity E 210000
a) condition S βη0 0.480
Poissons Ratio ν 0.3
Shear Modulus G 80769

SHELL Orthogonally Stiffened (Stress input)


Thickness t 12
Yield stress fy 355
Shell Radius (middle of plate) r 3750
Distance between rings l 2800
Length of shell L 5600

LONGITUDINAL STIFFENER
Stiffener type T-profile
Yield stress fy 355
Total Height of section htot 300.0
Web thickness tw 8.0
Flange width bfe 100.0
Flange thickness tfe 12.0
Stiffener spacing s 1250
#NAME?
RING STIFFENER AND RING FRAMES Ring stiffener:
Stiffener Type - None -
Yield stress fy 0
Total Height of section htot 0.0
Web Thickness tw 0.0
Flange width bfe 0.0
Flange thickness tfe 0.0
Max flange outstand bf 0
Distance between tripping brackets lT 0
Initial out of roundness of stiffener: δO 0
Fabrication method: Rolled

LOAD DATA:
Shell
Design Axial force, Nsd = -3487.9 kN
Design bending mom. Msd = 0.0 kNm
Design torsional mom. Tsd = 0.0 kNm
Design shear force, Qsd = 4948.0 kN
Design lateral pressure, psd = -0.060 N/mm2

CROSS-SECTIONAL PROPERTIES:

Stiffener Alone: Longitudinal stiff.


Height of web: hw = 288
Height to shear centre: hs = 294
Stiffener COG eccentry: e= 195
Flange eccentricity: ef = 0
Area of stiffener flange: Af = 1200
Area of stiffener web: Aw = 2304
Stiffener cross section area: A= 3504
Stiffener torsional moment: It = 1.07E+05
Stiffener moment of inertia: Iz = 1.01E+06
Stiffener polar moment: Ir = 1.68E+08

Stiffener incl. effective width of curved plate:


Effective width of shell plate: Se, lef = 41.51
Total cross sectional area Atot = 4002.1
Moment of inertia: (weak axis) Iz = 1.08E+06
Moment of inertia: (strong axis) Iy = 5.14E+07
Neutral Axis distance: zt = 129.7
Radius to Ring flange: rf = -
Radius to Neutr axis: r0 = -

Local buckling of stiffeners

STRESS ANALYSIS: Unstiff. & Long. Stiffener


Parameters: α= -
β= -
leo = -
ξ= -

Circumferential membrane stress due to lateral pressure for:


Unstiffened
Circumf. Membr. stress: σh,sd = -18.8
At ring frame flange: σhR,sd =
Other membran stresses:
Longitudinal membr. stress: σx,sd = -10.0
Total circumf. Hoop stress: σh,sd = -18.8
Membran shear stress: τsd = 35.0
Von-Mises stress: σj,sd = 62.8
BUCKLING CHECK SUMMARY:
Buckling modes: fEa = fEm =
Shell buckling 135.31 0.00
Panel Stiffener buckling 232.72 -
Panel Ring Buckling - -
Heavy Ring Frame Buckling - -
General Buckling (Not checked) -
Column Buckling -
Corresp. mod. perm. usage factor 0.552 0.552

TOTAL CROSS SECTION PROPERTIES OF WHOLE CYLINDER / PANEL (as if circular)


Moment of inertia for shell: I_shell = 1988044190480
Number of stiffeners: n= 19
Angle between long stiff. 18.9

Addition for Stiffeners: A_Stiff I_stiff =


Stiffener1 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 4 and 5 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 6 and 7 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 8 and 9 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 10 and 11 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 12 and 13 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 14 and 15 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 16 and 17 3504 1012288
Adjacent stiffeners 18 and 19 3504 1012288
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
- 0 0
KLING STRENGTH OF SHELLS Time 1:32:54
mmeded Practice DNV-RP-C202, Jan 2013 Date 5/11/2018

N/mm2
-
-
N/mm2

Stress input)
mm
N/mm2
mm
mm
mm

HP370x14
N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Heavy Ring Frame:


- T-profile -
N/mm2 fy 355 N/mm2
mm htot 600 mm
mm tw 10 mm
mm bfe 100 mm
mm tfe 20 mm
mm bf 45.0 mm
mm lT 1875 mm
*r L. betw. Gir LH 5600 mm
Fabricated

Panel
Design axial stress, σa,sd -10.00 N/mm2
Design bending stress, σm,sd 0.00 N/mm2
Design torsional stress, τT,sd 0.00 N/mm2
Design shear stress, τQ,sd 35.00 N/mm2
Design lateral pressure, psd -0.060 N/mm2
Additional hoop stress, σh,sd 0 N/mm2

Note: Sigma j,sd is too high, Ref. eq.(3.9.11)


Id: NSCV_UH_CylShell_LCA

Ring Stiffener Heavy ring Frame girder


mm 0 mm 580.0 mm
mm 0 mm 590.0 mm
mm
mm 0 mm 0.0 mm
mm2 0 mm2 2000 mm2
mm2 0 mm2 5800 mm2
mm2 0 mm2 7800 mm2
mm4 0.00E+00 mm4 4.60E+05 mm4
mm4 0.00E+00 mm4 1.72E+06 mm4
mm4 0.00E+00 mm4 1.35E+09 mm4

mm 318.7 mm 318.7 mm
mm2 3824.3 mm2 11624 mm2
mm4 - mm4 3.41E+07 mm4
mm4 - mm4 6.53E+08 mm4
0.0 mm 355.8 mm
3744.0 mm 3144.0 mm
3744.0 mm 3499.8 mm

OK N/A OK

& Long. Stiffener Ring Stiffener Heavy ring frame Girder


- 1.964
- 8.461
- 330.9
- 0.0001

Midway betw.
Long Stiff. Ring Stiffeners Heavy ring Frame
MPa -18.75 - -18.75 MPa
- -6.34 MPa

-46.2 - -10.0 MPa


-18.8 - -18.7 MPa
35.0 - 35.0 MPa
72.8 0.0 62.8 MPa
fEh = fEτ = λs = fksd = UF
37.68 135.62 2.17 64.34 0.976
122.81 160.35 1.16 89.42 0.814
23.42 - 3.89 20.36 -
762.94 - 0.55 201.12 0.259
- - - - -
- - - - -
0.552 0.676 - - Not OK
Note: Sigma j,sd is too high, Ref. eq.(3.9.11)
PANEL (as if circular)
Incl. stiffeners: I_tot = 2407251746418 mm4
A_tot = 349319.3388231 mm2
Degrees Values are calculated as if panel was circular

Dist. Stiff. Center = No.Stiffs. Additional I:


3549 1 4.413E+10
3356 2 7.895E+10
2800 2 5.496E+10
1941 2 2.640E+10
871 2 5.320E+09
-293 2 6.038E+08
-1425 2 1.424E+10
-2403 2 4.048E+10
-3121 2 6.826E+10
-3500 2 8.586E+10
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
0 0 0.000E+00
LRFD or WSD ?
LRFD, ref. RP-C202 §1.1
WSD, ref RP-C202 §1.2 Basic WSD usage factors:
2 0.6

Material factor correction: 1

Material factor selection: a) condition S 1


a) condition S 1
b) condition S+D 2
c), d) or e) condition 3
b) unmanned condition 4

γf
βη0

52.5
247.5
350

Backup of last used stiffener spacing


0

Selections for: Type of Structure Geometry:


1 Unstiffened shell (Force input) 1
2 Unstiffened panel (Stress input) 2
3 Longitudinal Stiffened shell (Force input) 3
4 Longitudinal Stiffened panel (Stress input) 4
5 Ring Stiffened shell (Force input) 5
6 Ring Stiffened panel (Stress input) 6
7 Orthogonally Stiffened (Force input) 7
8 Orthogonally Stiffened (Stress input) 8
Selected: stress input
8 Orthogonally Stiffened (Stress input)
1 Plot Longitudinal Stiffener
2 Plot Ring Stiffener
3 Plot Heavy Ring Frame
selected:
1
Effective width to plot: 41.509
Eff. Thickness to plot: 12.0
Total width to plot: 1250
Selected Load specifying
2 Stresses
without attach plate Longi. Stiff. Ring Stiff.
Stiff. Cross sec. Area 3504.0 0.0
Torsional Moment of Inertia 1.07E+05 0.00E+00
Moment of Inertia 1.01E+06 0.00E+00
Stiff. COG eccentry 195.4 0.0
Height to Shear Centre 294.0 0.0

with attach plate


Total Cross Sec. Area 4002.1 3824.3
Moment of Inertia (Week Axis), Iz 1.084E+06 3.24E+07
Moment of Inertia (Strong Axis), Iy 5.138E+07 4.59E+04
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt 129.7 6.0
Check is relevant:
#REF! (use values for unstiffened shell if TRUE, stiffened panels if FALSE)
1
0
1
1
0
1 (Display stresses for long stiffeners if relevant)

Limit of stiffeners: Angle:


1 0
3 18.95
5 37.9
7 56.8
9 75.8
11 94.7
13 113.7
15 132.6
17 151.6
19 170.5
21 189.5
23 208.4
25 227.4
27 246.3
29 265.3
31 284.2
33 303.2
35 322.1
37 341.1
39 360.0
41 378.9
43 397.9
45 416.8
47 435.8
49 454.7
51 473.7
53 492.6
55 511.6
57 530.5
59 549.5
61 568.4
63 587.4
65 606.3
67 625.3
69 644.2
71 663.2
73 682.1
75 701.1
77 720.0
79 738.9
81 757.9
83 776.8
85 795.8
87 814.7
89 833.7
91 852.6
93 871.6
95 890.5
97 909.5
99 928.4
101 947.4
103 966.3
105 985.3
107 1004.2
109 1023.2
111 1042.1
113 1061.1
115 1080.0
117 1098.9
119 1117.9
121 1136.8
123 1155.8
125 1174.7
SD usage factors:

0
0
20
-0.06
0
Equivalent thickness
14.80

Heavy Ring
7800.0 Longitudinal Stiffener - Section Properties abou
4.60E+05 Component
1.72E+06 Attach plate
366.9 Stiffener Web
590.0 Stiffener Flange

Without Attach plate Total


11624.3 with Attach plate Total
3.41E+07 Only for section alone
6.53E+08 Stiff. Cross Sec. Area
355.8 Torsional Moment of Inertia
Moment of Inertia, Iy
Stiff. COG eccentry
Height to Shear Centre
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt

Ring Stiffener - Section Properties about major a


Component
Attach plate
Stiffener Web
Stiffener Flange

Without Attach plate Total


with Attach plate Total
Only for section alone
Stiff. Cross Sec. Area
Torsional Moment of Inertia
Moment of Inertia, Iy
Stiff. COG eccentry
Height to Shear Centre
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt

Ring Girder - Section Properties about major axi


Component
Attach plate
Stiffener Web
Stiffener Flange

Without Attach plate Total


Nummeric value of UF: with Attach plate Total
0.81 Only for section alone
0 Stiff. Cross Sec. Area
0.2587734462 Torsional Moment of Inertia
0 Moment of Inertia, Iy
0 Stiff. COG eccentry
Height to Shear Centre
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt
current selection 2 previous Checksum:
Profile types: Last profile data:

4 Bulb 240 x 10 Bulb, up 240.0 10.0 44.0


al Stiffener - Section Properties about major axis Y-Y
Area Y(from bottom) Ay Ay2 IY-Y
498.110 306.0 1.524E+05 4.664E+07 5.977E+03
2304.000 156.000 3.594E+05 5.607E+07 1.593E+07
1200.000 6.000 7.200E+03 4.320E+04 1.440E+04

3504.000 3.666E+05 5.611E+07 1.594E+07


4002.110 5.190E+05 1.028E+08 1.595E+07

3504 Total Cross


1.068E+05 Moment of Inertia (Wee
3.369E+07 Iz 1.012E+06 Moment of Inertia (Stron
195.4 Neutral Axis D
294.0
104.6

ner - Section Properties about major axis Y-Y


Area Y(from bottom) Ay Ay2 IY-Y
3824.260 6.0 2.295E+04 1.377E+05 4.589E+04
0.000 0.000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
0.000 0.000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

0.000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00


3824.260 2.295E+04 1.377E+05 4.589E+04

0 Total Cross
0.000E+00 Moment of Inertia (Wee
0.000E+00 Iz 0.000E+00 Moment of Inertia (Stron
0.0 Neutral Axis D
0.0
0.0

r - Section Properties about major axis Y-Y


Area Y(from bottom) Ay Ay2 IY-Y
3824.260 606.0 2.318E+06 1.404E+09 1.360E+04
5800.000 310.000 1.798E+06 5.574E+08 1.626E+08
2000.000 10.000 2.000E+04 2.000E+05 6.667E+04

7800.000 1.818E+06 5.576E+08 1.627E+08


11624.260 4.136E+06 1.962E+09 1.627E+08

7800 Total Cross


4.600E+05 Moment of Inertia (Wee
2.965E+08 Iz 1.715E+06 Moment of Inertia (Stron
366.9 Neutral Axis D
590.0
233.1
6853.0 Prev.Chk.Sum

24.9572753958 34 10 10.0 0.0


Longitudinal Stiffener - Section Properties about minor axis Z-Z
Component Area X (from left) Ax Ax2
Attach plate 498.110 20.8 1.034E+04 2.146E+05
Stiffener Web 2304.000 4.0 9.216E+03 3.686E+04
Stiffener Flange 1200.000 50.0 6.000E+04 3.000E+06

Total 3504.000 6.922E+04 3.037E+06


Total 4002.110 7.955E+04 3.251E+06
With Attach plate
Total Cross Sec. Area 4002.110
Moment of Inertia (Week Axis), Iz 1.084E+06
oment of Inertia (Strong Axis), Iy 5.138E+07
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt 129.7

Ring Stiffener - Section Properties about minor axis Z-Z


Component Area X (from left) Ax Ax2
Attach plate 3824.260 0.0 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
Stiffener Web 0.000 0.0 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
Stiffener Flange 0.000 0.0 0.000E+00 0.000E+00

Total 0.000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00


Total 3824.260 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
With Attach plate
Total Cross Sec. Area 3824.260
Moment of Inertia (Week Axis), Iz 3.237E+07
oment of Inertia (Strong Axis), Iy 4.589E+04
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt 6.0

Ring Stiffener - Section Properties about minor axis Z-Z


Component Area X (from left) Ax Ax2
Attach plate 3824.260 159.3 6.094E+05 9.710E+07
Stiffener Web 5800.000 5.0 2.900E+04 1.450E+05
Stiffener Flange 2000.000 50.0 1.000E+05 5.000E+06

Total 7800.000 1.290E+05 5.145E+06


Total 11624.260 7.384E+05 1.022E+08
With Attach plate
Total Cross Sec. Area 11624.260
Moment of Inertia (Week Axis), Iz 3.408E+07
oment of Inertia (Strong Axis), Iy 6.534E+08
Neutral Axis Distance, Zt 355.8
0 0 30 0 30 0

Longitudinal stiffners: Values for last selected Profiles:

Profile type: Corr fact:


- None - 1 -1 0 0 0
Flat bar 2 -1 100 10 0
T-profile 3 -1 400 10 130
HP-profile 4 0 370.0 14.0 67.5
L-profile 5 1 100 12 65

L-profile 5 0 240 10 44
Selected Longitudinal stiffener: h tw bf
3 T-profile -1 370.0 14.0 67.5
Previously selected: 4
Corrected TypeNo: 2 (used when getting profile properties)

Ring stiffener:

Profile type: Corr fact:


- None - 1 -1 0 0 0
Flat bar 2 -1 100 10 0
T-profile 3 -1 450 14 150
HP-profile 4 0 80 6 20
L-profile 5 1 500 20 120

Selected Ring Stiffener: h tw bf


1 - None - -1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Previously selected: 3
Corrected TypeNo: 0 (used when getting profile properties)

Ring Girder:

Profile type: Corr fact:


- None - 1 -1 0 0 0
Flat bar 2 -1 100 10 0
T-profile 3 -1 885 14 200
HP-profile 4 0 250 14 47
L-profile 5 1 300 11.5 100

Selected Ring Girder h tw bf


3 T-profile -1 45.0 1875.0 5600.0
Previously selected: 1
Corrected TypeNo: 2 (used when getting profile properties)

3
IX-X
7.152E+04
1.229E+04
1.000E+06

1.012E+06
1.084E+06

1
IX-X
3.237E+07
0.000E+00
0.000E+00

0.000E+00
3.237E+07

3
IX-X
3.237E+07
4.833E+04
1.667E+06

1.715E+06
3.408E+07
0 0 67.1330645 16 34 10 10 0 0
0 0 0 28 0 0 0 0 0
16 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
40.378 0.0 106752.00 0.48 53.5 16.5 16.5 0.0 0.0
12 0 #DIV/0! 0 0 0 0 0 0

24.9572754 0 67.1330645 16 34 10 10 0 0
tf eccentr. Be t Bulb-c BulbR-1 BulbR-2 BulbR-3 BulbNose
40.378 0.0 41.51 12 53.5 16.5 16.5 0.0 0.0

Checksum: 499.09034 Prev.checksum: 499.09034

0 0 363.508752 16 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 363.508752 16 0 0 0 0 0
16 68 666.67298 28 0 0 0 0 0
10.1055937 14 #DIV/0! 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 100 #DIV/0! 0 0 0 0 0 0

tf eccentr. Be t Bulb-c BulbR-1 BulbR-2 BulbR-3 BulbNose


Rolled 0.0 0.00 5600.0 0 0 0 0 0

Checksum: 1465.50875 Prev.checksum: 1465.50875

0 0 0 22.0001 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 398.833699 22.0001 0 0 0 0 0
35 93 666.67298 28 0 0 0 0 0
24.6494735 33 198.676416 30 0 0 0 0 0
16 88.5 #DIV/0! 0 14 7.5 4 15 0

tf eccentr. Be t Bulb-c BulbR-1 BulbR-2 BulbR-3 BulbNose


Fabricated 0.0 355.765 5600.00 0.0 0 0 0 0

Checksum: 25 Prev.checksum: 25
1. Unstiffened shell (Force inpu

30
0
0
30.0
0

30
BulbAngle
30.0

3. Unstiffened shell (Force inpu

0
0
0
0
0

BulbAngle
0

5. Ring Stiffened shell (Force i

0
0
0
0
30

BulbAngle
0
7. Orthogonally Stiffened shell
1. Unstiffened shell (Force input) 2. Unstiffened Panel (Stress input)

4. Longitudinal Stiffened panel (Stress input)


3. Unstiffened shell (Force input)

6. Ring Stiffened panel (Stress input)


5. Ring Stiffened shell (Force input)
8. Orthogonally Stiffened panel (Stress input)
7. Orthogonally Stiffened shell (Force input)
Main parameter used:
E= 210000.00 Mpa Design axial stress, sa,sd =
t= 12.00 mm Design bending stress, sm,sd =
s= 1250.00 mm Design torsional stress, tsd=
v= 0.30 - Design lateral pressure, psd =
r= 3750.00 mm Design hoop stress, sh,sd =
l= 2800.00 mm Design hoop stress, sh,sd =
fy= 355.00 MPa Design hoop stress, sh,sd =

Pnt. 3.3 Unstifffed curved panel


Pnt. 3.3.2 Shell buckling: fE = where: C= psi =
Axial stress 135.31 7.74 4.00
Shear stress 135.62 7.75 6.14
Circumferential compr. 37.68 2.15 1.44

Zs = 33.12 (Curvature parameter)

von-Mises: sj,Sd = 62.76 Mpa, At midspan

sx,Sd = -10.00 MPa


bend. stress, sm0,sd = 0.00 bend. stress, sm,sd for use in table under:
axial stress, sa0,sd = 10.00 MPa, Note! For panels we include bending stress in axial stress

hoop stress, sh0,sd = 18.75 ---> Maximal allowed axial stress from iteration:
Max axial stress, sa0,sdMax =
lambda_s^2 = 4.69 (To be used as fak in § 3.8.2 )
Lambda_s = 2.17

Characteristic buckling strength:


fks = 73.99 MPa

Materialfactor to use:
gM = For LRFD: 1.45 For WSD: β=
gM = To use: 1.15 (Modif. permissible UF
Design buckling strength:
fksd = 64.34 MPa Usage Factor: UF =

Additional yield check incase of large tension stresses: Material factor for yield check:
Max. von-Mises: sj,sd = 62.76 MPa Usage Factor: UF =

Iteration to find maximal allowed axial stress when holding other loads constant:
sa,sd = sa0,sd = sj,sd = l,s2 = l,s = fks = gM = fksd =
-10.00 10.00 62.76 4.69 2.17 73.99 1.00 73.99
-15.00 15.00 63.01 4.88 2.21 71.23 1.00 71.23
-17.00 17.00 63.22 4.95 2.22 70.31 1.00 70.31
-19.00 19.00 63.49 5.01 2.24 69.48 1.00 69.48
-21.00 21.00 63.83 5.07 2.25 68.74 1.00 68.74
-23.00 23.00 64.22 5.12 2.26 68.09 1.00 68.09
-25.00 25.00 64.67 5.16 2.27 67.51 1.00 67.51
-26.00 26.00 64.92 5.18 2.28 67.25 1.00 67.25
-27.00 27.00 65.19 5.20 2.28 67.01 1.00 67.01
-28.00 28.00 65.46 5.22 2.28 66.79 1.00 66.79
-29.00 29.00 65.76 5.24 2.29 66.58 1.00 66.58
-30.00 30.00 66.06 5.25 2.29 66.39 1.00 66.39
-31.00 31.00 66.38 5.27 2.29 66.22 1.00 66.22
-32.00 32.00 66.71 5.28 2.30 66.06 1.00 66.06
-33.00 33.00 67.06 5.29 2.30 65.92 1.00 65.92
-34.00 34.00 67.42 5.30 2.30 65.79 1.00 65.79
-35.00 35.00 67.79 5.31 2.30 65.67 1.00 65.67
-36.00 36.00 68.17 5.32 2.31 65.57 1.00 65.57
-37.00 37.00 68.57 5.33 2.31 65.48 1.00 65.48
-38.00 38.00 68.98 5.33 2.31 65.41 1.00 65.41
-39.00 39.00 69.40 5.34 2.31 65.34 1.00 65.34
-40.00 40.00 69.83 5.34 2.31 65.29 1.00 65.29
-41.00 41.00 70.28 5.35 2.31 65.25 1.00 65.25
-42.00 42.00 70.73 5.35 2.31 65.21 1.00 65.21
-43.00 43.00 71.20 5.35 2.31 65.19 1.00 65.19
-44.00 44.00 71.68 5.35 2.31 65.18 1.00 65.18
-45.00 45.00 72.17 5.35 2.31 65.18 1.00 65.18
-46.00 46.00 72.66 5.35 2.31 65.19 1.00 65.19
-47.00 47.00 73.17 5.35 2.31 65.21 1.00 65.21
-48.00 48.00 73.69 5.35 2.31 65.23 1.00 65.23
-49.00 49.00 74.22 5.35 2.31 65.26 1.00 65.26
-50.00 50.00 74.76 5.34 2.31 65.30 1.00 65.30
-51.00 51.00 75.31 5.34 2.31 65.35 1.00 65.35
-52.00 52.00 75.87 5.33 2.31 65.41 1.00 65.41
-53.00 53.00 76.43 5.33 2.31 65.47 1.00 65.47
-54.00 54.00 77.01 5.32 2.31 65.54 1.00 65.54
-55.00 55.00 77.59 5.32 2.31 65.61 1.00 65.61
-56.00 56.00 78.18 5.31 2.30 65.69 1.00 65.69
-57.00 57.00 78.78 5.30 2.30 65.78 1.00 65.78
-58.00 58.00 79.39 5.30 2.30 65.87 1.00 65.87
-59.00 59.00 80.01 5.29 2.30 65.96 1.00 65.96
-60.00 60.00 80.63 5.28 2.30 66.07 1.00 66.07
-61.00 61.00 81.26 5.27 2.30 66.17 1.00 66.17
-62.00 62.00 81.90 5.26 2.29 66.28 1.00 66.28
-63.00 63.00 82.55 5.25 2.29 66.40 1.00 66.40
-64.00 64.00 83.20 5.24 2.29 66.51 1.00 66.51
-65.00 65.00 83.86 5.23 2.29 66.64 1.00 66.64
-66.00 66.00 84.53 5.22 2.29 66.76 1.00 66.76
-67.00 67.00 85.20 5.21 2.28 66.89 1.00 66.89
-68.00 68.00 85.88 5.20 2.28 67.02 1.00 67.02
-69.00 69.00 86.57 5.19 2.28 67.16 1.00 67.16

Pnt. 3.4 Unstifffed circular cylinders


Pnt. 3.4.2 Shell buckling: fE = where: C= psi =
Axial stress 115.87 33.24 1.00
Bending 142.37 40.84 1.00
Torsion and shear 84.94 24.37 5.34
Lateral pressure 31.32 8.98 4.00
Hydrostatic pressure 28.90 8.29 2.00

The capped end axial force due to hydrostatic pressure is not included in axial force

Zl = 166.20 curvature parameter

fEt used = 84.94 Test: l/r = 0.75


fEh used = 31.32 Test: l/r = 0.75
von-Mises: sj,sd = 62.76 MPa

axial stress, sa0,sd = 10.00 MPa ---> Maximal allowed axial stress from iteration:
bend. stress, sm0,sd = 0.00 MPa Max axial stress, sa0,sdMax =
hoop stress, sh0,sd = 18.75 MPa (To be used as fak in § 3.8.2 )

lambda_s^2 = 6.21
Lambda_s = 2.49

Characteristic buckling strength:


fks = 56.48 MPa

Materialfactor to use:
gM = For LRFD: 1.45 For WSD: b=
gM = To use: 1.15 (Modif. permissible UF
Design buckling strength:
fksd = 49.12 MPa Usage Factor: UF =

Additional yield check incase of large tension stresses:


Max. von-Mises: sj, 62.76 MPa Usage Factor: UF =

Iteration to find maximal allowed axial stress when holding other loads constant:
sa,sd = sa0,sd = sj,sd = l,s2 = l,s = fks = gM = fksd =
0.00 0.00 63.46 5.65 2.38 61.82 1.00 61.82
-1.00 1.00 63.32 5.72 2.39 61.18 1.00 61.18
-2.00 2.00 63.19 5.78 2.40 60.57 1.00 60.57
-3.00 3.00 63.08 5.83 2.42 59.98 1.00 59.98
-4.00 4.00 62.99 5.89 2.43 59.41 1.00 59.41
-5.00 5.00 62.91 5.95 2.44 58.87 1.00 58.87
-6.00 6.00 62.85 6.00 2.45 58.35 1.00 58.35
-7.00 7.00 62.80 6.05 2.46 57.85 1.00 57.85
-8.00 8.00 62.77 6.11 2.47 57.37 1.00 57.37
-9.00 9.00 62.76 6.16 2.48 56.92 1.00 56.92
-10.00 10.00 62.76 6.21 2.49 56.48 1.00 56.48
-11.00 11.00 62.78 6.25 2.50 56.07 1.00 56.07
-12.00 12.00 62.81 6.30 2.51 55.67 1.00 55.67
-13.00 13.00 62.86 6.34 2.52 55.30 1.00 55.30
-14.00 14.00 62.93 6.38 2.53 54.94 1.00 54.94
-15.00 15.00 63.01 6.42 2.53 54.61 1.00 54.61
-16.00 16.00 63.11 6.46 2.54 54.29 1.00 54.29
-17.00 17.00 63.22 6.50 2.55 53.99 1.00 53.99
-18.00 18.00 63.35 6.53 2.56 53.70 1.00 53.70
-19.00 19.00 63.49 6.57 2.56 53.43 1.00 53.43
-20.00 20.00 63.65 6.60 2.57 53.18 1.00 53.18
-21.00 21.00 63.83 6.63 2.57 52.95 1.00 52.95
-22.00 22.00 64.02 6.66 2.58 52.73 1.00 52.73
-23.00 23.00 64.22 6.68 2.59 52.52 1.00 52.52
-24.00 24.00 64.44 6.71 2.59 52.34 1.00 52.34
-25.00 25.00 64.67 6.73 2.59 52.16 1.00 52.16
-26.00 26.00 64.92 6.75 2.60 52.00 1.00 52.00
-27.00 27.00 65.19 6.77 2.60 51.85 1.00 51.85
-28.00 28.00 65.46 6.79 2.61 51.71 1.00 51.71
-29.00 29.00 65.76 6.81 2.61 51.59 1.00 51.59
-30.00 30.00 66.06 6.82 2.61 51.48 1.00 51.48
-31.00 31.00 66.38 6.84 2.61 51.38 1.00 51.38
-32.00 32.00 66.71 6.85 2.62 51.30 1.00 51.30
-33.00 33.00 67.06 6.86 2.62 51.22 1.00 51.22
-34.00 34.00 67.42 6.87 2.62 51.15 1.00 51.15
-35.00 35.00 67.79 6.87 2.62 51.10 1.00 51.10
-36.00 36.00 68.17 6.88 2.62 51.05 1.00 51.05
-37.00 37.00 68.57 6.89 2.62 51.02 1.00 51.02
-38.00 38.00 68.98 6.89 2.62 50.99 1.00 50.99
-39.00 39.00 69.40 6.89 2.63 50.98 1.00 50.98
-40.00 40.00 69.83 6.89 2.63 50.97 1.00 50.97
-41.00 41.00 70.28 6.89 2.63 50.97 1.00 50.97
-42.00 42.00 70.73 6.89 2.63 50.98 1.00 50.98
-43.00 43.00 71.20 6.89 2.62 50.99 1.00 50.99
-44.00 44.00 71.68 6.89 2.62 51.01 1.00 51.01
-45.00 45.00 72.17 6.88 2.62 51.04 1.00 51.04
-46.00 46.00 72.66 6.88 2.62 51.08 1.00 51.08
-47.00 47.00 73.17 6.87 2.62 51.12 1.00 51.12
-48.00 48.00 73.69 6.86 2.62 51.17 1.00 51.17
-49.00 49.00 74.22 6.86 2.62 51.23 1.00 51.23
-50.00 50.00 74.76 6.85 2.62 51.29 1.00 51.29
-10.00
0.00
35.00
-0.06
-18.75 Mpa, Average stress for shell with no ring stiffeners
-18.75 Mpa, Largest midspan stress between ring stiffeners
-18.75 Mpa, Average stress including ring stiffener areas

epsilon = ro = In case s is unspecified, then using minimum of l and circumference.


23.25 0.28 2800.00
7.90 0.60
2.67 0.60

r use in table under: 0.00 is used in calc of von-Mises: sj,Sd


nding stress in axial stress

xial stress from iteration:


30.00 MPa

0.80 = ( 0.79 simplified as 1.15 / material factor)


0.55 )

0.98

1.00
0.18 (With average hoop stress)

UF Test:
0.85 10.00
0.88 15.00
0.90 17.00
0.91 19.00
0.93 21.00
0.94 23.00
0.96 25.00
0.97 26.00
0.97 27.00
0.98 28.00
0.99 29.00
1.00 30.00
1.00 0.00
1.01 0.00
1.02 0.00
1.02 0.00
1.03 0.00
1.04 0.00
1.05 0.00
1.05 0.00
1.06 0.00
1.07 0.00
1.08 0.00
1.08 0.00
1.09 0.00
1.10 0.00
1.11 0.00
1.11 0.00
1.12 0.00
1.13 0.00
1.14 0.00
1.14 0.00
1.15 0.00
1.16 0.00
1.17 0.00
1.18 0.00
1.18 0.00
1.19 0.00
1.20 0.00
1.21 0.00
1.21 0.00
1.22 0.00
1.23 0.00
1.24 0.00
1.24 0.00
1.25 0.00
1.26 0.00
1.27 0.00
1.27 0.00
1.28 0.00
1.29 0.00

zeta = ro =
116.67 0.28
116.67 0.35
39.62 0.60
13.41 0.60
13.41 0.60
not included in axial force 1
ot included in axial force included in axial force 2
1.00
Lateral/Hydrostatic FEh to be used:
31.32
> 3.85sqrt(r/t) = 68.06 Lateral FEh to be used in Column Buckling. (Psi=4)
> 2.25sqrt(r/t) = 39.77 31.32

xial stress from iteration:


0.00 MPa
0.80 = ( 0.79 simplified as 1.15 / material factor )
0.55 )

1.28

0.18

UF Test:
1.03 0.00
1.03 0.00
1.04 0.00
1.05 0.00
1.06 0.00
1.07 0.00
1.08 0.00
1.09 0.00
1.09 0.00
1.10 0.00
1.11 0.00
1.12 0.00
1.13 0.00
1.14 0.00
1.15 0.00
1.15 0.00
1.16 0.00
1.17 0.00
1.18 0.00
1.19 0.00
1.20 0.00
1.21 0.00
1.21 0.00
1.22 0.00
1.23 0.00
1.24 0.00
1.25 0.00
1.26 0.00
1.27 0.00
1.27 0.00
1.28 0.00
1.29 0.00
1.30 0.00
1.31 0.00
1.32 0.00
1.33 0.00
1.34 0.00
1.34 0.00
1.35 0.00
1.36 0.00
1.37 0.00
1.38 0.00
1.39 0.00
1.40 0.00
1.41 0.00
1.41 0.00
1.42 0.00
1.43 0.00
1.44 0.00
1.45 0.00
1.46 0.00
lumn Buckling. (Psi=4)
Main parameter used:
E= 210000 Mpa Design axial stress, sa,sd =
t= 12 mm Design bending stress, sm,sd =
s= 1250.00 mm Design torsional stress, tsd=
v= 0.3 - Design lateral pressure, psd =
r= 3750 mm Design hoop stress, sh,sd =
l= 2800 mm fy=
LH = 5600 mm fy=
L= 5600 mm

Pnt. 3.5: Ring stiffened shell

Pnt. 3.5.2.1 Requirement for cross-sectional area:


Zl = 166.20 (From unstiffened shell)
Ring stiffener Heavy Ring Frames
Area = 2018.4 mm2 2018.4 mm2
Ring: A= 0 mm2 7800 mm2
Usage factor: 0.00 - 0.26 OK

Pnt. 3.5.2.3 Effective width calculation of shell plate


lef = min of l and: 318.7 mm 318.7 mm
using: lef = 318.7 mm 318.7 mm

Pnt. 3.5.2.4 Required Ix for Shell subject to axial load


Ring stiffener Heavy Ring Frames
Long stiff: A = 3504.0 mm2 3504.0 mm2
alfaA = 0.2 - 0.2 -

R. to neutr. axis, r0 = 3744 mm 3499.7647182609 mm


Worst compr. stress: -10 MPa -10 MPa
Ix req. = 9.89E+04 mm4 37768.8424999231 mm4

Pnt. 3.5.2.5 Required Ixh for shell subjected to torsion and/or shear:
Ixh req = 585936.708 mm4 1080747.68121048 mm4

Pnt. 3.5.2.6 Simplified calculation of Ih for shell subjected to external pressure


neutr.axis dist: zt= 0 mm 355.7647182609 mm
ring flange pos: rf = 3744 mm 3144 mm
Out of roundness:
delta0 = 0 mm 0 mm
Torsional buckling strength:
Flat bar ring req: h<= 0 mm 97.2871457717 mm
Not relevant Not relevant
Flanged r.fr. Req: h<= 0 328.3441169793
Not relevant Not OK
Flanged r.fr. Req: b>= 0 403.0028143667
Not relevant OK
Stocky profile factor: - 4.0300281437
(fT may be taken as fy if factor above is less than 1)
fT = 355 231.2872418889

Fabrication method: Rolled Fabricated

fr used = 319.5 Mpa 231.2872418889 Mpa


sigma hR,Sd = 0.00 Mpa 6.3375871229 Mpa

Ih = 2.10E+07 mm4 36745059.249552 mm4

Pnt. 3.5.2.2 Moment of inertia:


Requirement: (Simplified)
IR=Ix+Ixh+Ih = 2.171E+07 mm4 37863575.7732624 mm4
Iy = 0 mm4 653394009.846621 mm4
Usage factor: 0- 0.0579490709 OK

Pnt. 3.5.2.7 Refined calculation of external pressure


For ring stiffened cylinder effectively supported at the ends.

I= 0.000E+00 6.534E+08
Ihmax=I-Ix-Ixh = 0.000E+00 6.523E+08
AR = 0.00 7800.00
ih^2 = 0.00 mm2 55413.24 mm2
aBetta = alfa = 0.00 - 736.07 -
alfa = Betta = 0.00 - 1.96 -
ZL = 664.79 - 664.79 -
C1 = 26.87 - 875.40 -
C2 = 26.87 - 26.87 -
leo = (from Main) 0.00 330.93
my = 0.00 - 0.00 -

fE = 23.42 Mpa 762.94 Mpa


fr = 355.00 Mpa 231.29 Mpa
Lambda^2 = 15.16 - 0.30 -
l= 3.89 - 0.55 -
fk = 23.42 Mpa 231.29 Mpa
gM = 1.15 - 1.15 -
fkd = 20.36 MPa 201.12 MPa
psd <= 0.06 Mpa 1.41 Mpa

Usage factor: 1.05 0.04

Ring stiffener Heavy Ring Frames


Maximal usage factor: 1.05 Not OK 0.26 OK
1.05 Not OK 0.26 OK

Note: The part below is unfinished:

Stepvariation of Ih: 0
Iteration of Ih:
Ih AR leo t ih^2 = L= r= a=
mm mm mm3 -
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!
0 0 0 12 0 5600 3750 #DIV/0!

( For WSD b= 0.8 0.9797623291 )

Modified permissible UF: 0.552 0.6760360071


-10
0
35
-0.06

0 Ring stiffener
355 Heavy ring Frame girder
RING STIFF. HEAVY RING GIRDER
2 1
Fabricated Fabricated
Rolled Rolled

55508.2648 (<--- ih^2 for heavy ring frames without reduction for shear and axial stresses)

Refined calculation only


Also including Simplified Calculation
ab = ZL = C1 = C2 = my = fE = fr = l= fk =
- - - - Mpa Mpa - Mpa
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0 664.78963 #DIV/0! 26.8695516 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 355 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
HEAVY RING GIRDER
gM = fkd = psd <= UF:
- MPa Mpa
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Page: 54
Date: 05/11/2018

Main parameter used:


E= 210,000 Mpa Design axial stress, sa,sd = -10.00
t= 12.0 mm Design bending stress, sm,sd = 0.00
s= 1,250.0 mm Design torq & shear str., tsd= 35.00
v= 0.3 - Design lateral pressure, psd = -0.06
r= 3,750.0 mm Design hoop stress, sh,sd = -18.75
l= 2,800.0 mm fy= 355 (plate)
fy= 355 (long.stiffener)
Pnt. 3.6 Longitudinal stiffened shells

Lightly stiffened? s/t = 104.17 >3Sqrt(r/t)= 53.03


Calculate as unstiffened shell
See calculation for section 3.3.2

Sec. 3.6.3 Panel stiffener buckling


Sec. 3.6.3.3 Effective shell width
Selection for which fks to use:
Shell type: Stiffened curved panel 1 Stiffened curved panel 73.99
2 Un-Stiffened cylinder 56.48
fks = 73.99 MPa 1 selected
sx,Sd = -10.00 MPa StiffArangement selected
sj,Sd = 62.76 MPa 8

Se = 41.5 mm

Sec. 3.6.3.2 Elastic buckling strength:


A= 3,504.0 mm2
Isef = 5.138E+07 mm4 (Strong axis)
a = 259.772
Zl = 166.2
fE = where: C= psi = epsilon = ro =
Axial stress 232.72 66.76 32.46 116.67 0.50
Torsion and shear 160.35 46.00 39.38 39.62 0.60
Lateral pressure 122.81 35.23 34.30 13.41 0.60

Sec. 3.6.3.1 General:

Torsional Buckling can be excluded as possible failure if:

For flatbars: h <= 77.8 mm


Flanged stiff. Lamba_T= 1.26 <= 0.6 Not OK, Using fk instead of fy <------- from sec. 3.9
Yield / Buckling strength to be used: 173.255338127 MPa

Axial and bending stress corrigated for effective width se:


Axial stress, sa,Sd = -46.2 MPa correction-factor: (A+st)/(A+Se*t)
Bending stress, sm,Sd = 0.0 MPa -"-
axial stress, sa0,sd = 46.2 MPa
bend. stress, sm0,sd = 0.0 MPa
hoop stress, sh0,sd = 18.8 MPa

sigma_jsd for panels = 72.8 MPa corrected for effective width


Worst axial combination: -46.2 MPa Worst case for heaviest loaded stiffener around shell:
sigma_jsd for shells = 72.8 MPa corrected for effective width and worst location

Long. stress to use, sx,Sd = -46.2 MPa


von-mises to use: 72.8 MPa

lambda_s^2 = 1.356 for panel


lambda_s^2 = 0.000 for shell
Lambda_s = 1.164

Characteristic buckling strength:


fks = 102.83

Materialfactor to use:
gM = For LRFD: 1.450
gM = For WSD: 1.150 b= 0.800 Modified Permissible UF 0.552 for WSD
Design buckling strength:
fksd = 89.42 MPa

Shell Buckling, Longitudinally stiffened shell


Main parameter used:
E= 210000 Mpa Design axial stress, sa,sd =
t= 12 mm Design bending stress, sm,sd =
s= 1250 mm Design torsional stress, tsd=
v= 0.3 - Design lateral pressure, psd =
r= 3750 mm Design hoop stress, sh,sd =
l= 2800 mm
L= 5600 mm
Lc= 5600
G= 80769.2307692 MPa

Sec. 3.8 Column buckling:


First test if it should be assessed:
Number of longit. Stiffeners: 18
Shell cross section area: 282743.3 mm2
Single stiffener area: 3504.0 mm2
Area of internal bulkheads mm2
Total cross sectional area: A = 345815.3 mm2
Moment of inertia of internal
bulkheads: mm4
Moment of inertia for whole cyl: 2.407252E+12 mm2
(including internal bulkheads & about weakest axis)

effective length factor: k = 0-

Test: (kLc/i)^2 = 0 >=2.5E/fy = 1478.8732394

Column buckling does not need to be checked

Sec. 3.8.2 Column buckling strength:

Special case: calculation of fak for unstiffened shell:

Elastic Buckling strength: fEa = 115.9


Elastic Buckling strength: fEh = 31.3

a= 10.4
b= -1283.6
c= -80505.7
fak = 45.8
General case:
Use fak calculated for: Stiffened shell

fak used in this calc: fak = 30.0


i= 2638.4
fE = 0.0
slenderness: Lambda_= 547.7

fkc = 0.0

gM = 1.15
fakd = 26.1
fkcd = 0.0
sa0,sd = 10.0 MPa

Stability requirement test: 127777.8 <= 1.0

Not acceptable

Sec. 3.9 Torsional buckling:

Longitudinal stiff. Ring Stiff.


sj,sd = 72.78 MPa 0
fks = 73.99 MPa 73.987612249
h = 0.98 - 0
h_web = 288.00 mm 0
s = , leo = 1250.00 mm 0
tw = 8.00 mm 0
C factor: C = 0.10 0
b = 1.66 1
Dist. Betw. Tripping brackets: 0
Max. required tripping length: 0
lT = 2800.00 mm 0
Simplified for flatbar stiffeners:
fET = 104.97 MPa 0
Simplified for L and T stiffeners:
Af = 1200.00 mm2 0
Aw = 2304.00 mm2 0
tf = 12.00 mm 0
b= 100.00 mm 0
Iz = 1.00E+06 mm4 0
fET = 222.18 MPa 0
General calculation:
hs = 294.00 mm 0
It = 1.07E+05 mm4 0
Iz = 1.01E+06 mm4 0
Ipo = 1.68E+08 mm4 0
fET = 222.48 MPa 0

fET to use = 222.5 MPa 0


lT = 1.3 - 0
m = 0.2 - -0.21
fT = 173.3 MPa 355

Sec. 3.10 Local buckling of stiffeners:


Longitudinal stiff. Ring Stiff.
Stiffener type: T-profile - None -
tw = 8 0
h = (hw) = 288 0
tf = 12.00 0
bf = 46 0

Requirements to h <=: 262.7 Failed -


Requirements to bf <=: 116.7 OK -

h/tw = 0.0
Requirement for h/tw <=: -
ef/tw = 0.0
Requirement for ef/tw <=: -

OK N/A
Which fET can be used?: General Calculation General calculation
(in the above torsional buckling calculation)
esign axial stress, sa,sd = -10
Design bending stress, sm,sd = 0
Design torsional stress, tsd= 35
Design lateral pressure, psd = -0.06
Design hoop stress, sh,sd = -18.75 (for unstiffened shell)
fy= 355 (For shell)
fy= 355 (For long. Stiff.)
fy= 0 (For ring Stiff.)
fy= 355 (For heavy ring frame.)
gf= 1.15

Use fak for:


Unstiffened shell
Stiffened shell
2
StiffArangement selected
8

(Based on Lambda_s in 3.2.2)


(formula 3.8.2)

Ring Girder
MPa 62.7617084686 MPa (For unstiffened plate, close to stiffener)
MPa 73.987612249 MPa
- 0.8482731982 -
mm 580 mm
mm 330.9260116868 mm
mm 10 mm
1.1797010835
2.7100821295
mm 1875 mm
mm 4633.183524572 mm
mm 1875 mm

MPa 65.8114478187 MPa

mm2 2000 mm2


mm2 5800 mm2
mm 20 mm
mm 100 mm
mm4 1666666.666667 mm4
MPa 325.904278883 MPa

mm 590 mm
mm4 460000 mm4
mm4 1715000 mm4
mm4 1348240000 mm4
MPa 335.7287663947 MPa

MPa 325.904278883 MPa


- 1.0436842875 -
- 0.1552895006 -
MPa 231.2872418889 MPa

Stiffener type Numbers selected:


Ring Girder Long: Ring:
T-profile 3 1
10
580
20
45

- 328.3 Failed
- 194.6 OK

58.0
- 64.3 OK
0.0
- 5.2 OK

OK
eral calculation Simplified calculation
Girder:
3
height of thickness of width of flange thickness of
web web bf flange eccentr. Bulb-c

Hw Tw Bf Tf C
- 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 0
HP60x4 HP-profile 60.0 4.0 16.5 8.92 0.0 12.5
HP60x5 HP-profile 60.0 5.0 17.5 8.92 0.0 12.5
HP60x6 HP-profile 60.0 6.0 18.5 8.92 0.0 12.5
HP80x5 HP-profile 80.0 5.0 19.0 10.11 0.0 14
HP80x6 HP-profile 80.0 6.0 20.0 10.11 0.0 14
HP80x7 HP-profile 80.0 7.0 21.0 10.11 0.0 14
HP100x6 HP-profile 100.0 6.0 21.5 11.29 0.0 15.5
HP100x7 HP-profile 100.0 7.0 22.5 11.29 0.0 15.5
HP100x8 HP-profile 100.0 8.0 23.5 11.29 0.0 15.5
HP120x6 HP-profile 120.0 6.0 23.0 12.48 0.0 17
HP120x7 HP-profile 120.0 7.0 24.0 12.48 0.0 17
HP120x8 HP-profile 120.0 8.0 25.0 12.48 0.0 17
HP140x7 HP-profile 140.0 7.0 26.0 13.82 0.0 19
HP140x8 HP-profile 140.0 8.0 27.0 13.82 0.0 19
HP140x9 HP-profile 140.0 9.0 28.0 13.82 0.0 19
HP140x10 HP-profile 140.0 10.0 29.0 13.82 0.0 19
HP160x7 HP-profile 160.0 7.0 29.0 15.46 0.0 22
HP160x8 HP-profile 160.0 8.0 30.0 15.46 0.0 22
HP160x9 HP-profile 160.0 9.0 31.0 15.46 0.0 22
HP160x11 HP-profile 160.0 11.0 33.0 15.46 0.0 22
HP160x11.5 HP-profile 160.0 11.5 33.5 15.46 0.0 22
HP180x8 HP-profile 180.0 8.0 33.0 17.84 0.0 25
HP180x9 HP-profile 180.0 9.0 34.0 17.84 0.0 25
HP180x10 HP-profile 180.0 10.0 35.0 17.84 0.0 25
HP180x11 HP-profile 180.0 11.0 36.0 17.84 0.0 25
HP180x11.5 HP-profile 180.0 11.5 36.5 17.84 0.0 25
HP200x8.5 HP-profile 200.0 8.5 36.5 20.21 0.0 28
HP200x9 HP-profile 200.0 9.0 37.0 20.21 0.0 28
HP200x10 HP-profile 200.0 10.0 38.0 20.21 0.0 28
HP200x11 HP-profile 200.0 11.0 39.0 20.21 0.0 28
HP200x11.5 HP-profile 200.0 11.5 39.5 20.21 0.0 28
HP200x12 HP-profile 200.0 12.0 40.0 20.21 0.0 28
HP220x9 HP-profile 220.0 9.0 40.0 22.58 0.0 31
HP220x10 HP-profile 220.0 10.0 41.0 22.58 0.0 31
HP220x11 HP-profile 220.0 11.0 42.0 22.58 0.0 31
HP220x11.5 HP-profile 220.0 11.5 42.5 22.58 0.0 31
HP220x12 HP-profile 220.0 12.0 43.0 22.58 0.0 31
HP240x9.5 HP-profile 240.0 9.5 43.5 24.96 0.0 34
HP240x10 HP-profile 240.0 10.0 44.0 24.96 0.0 34
HP240x11 HP-profile 240.0 11.0 45.0 24.96 0.0 34
HP240x12 HP-profile 240.0 12.0 46.0 24.96 0.0 34
HP260x10 HP-profile 260.0 10.0 47.0 27.33 0.0 37
HP260x11 HP-profile 260.0 11.0 48.0 27.33 0.0 37
HP260x12 HP-profile 260.0 12.0 49.0 27.33 0.0 37
HP280x10.5 HP-profile 280.0 10.5 50.5 29.70 0.0 40
HP280x11 HP-profile 280.0 11.0 51.0 29.70 0.0 40
HP280x12 HP-profile 280.0 12.0 52.0 29.70 0.0 40
HP280x13 HP-profile 280.0 13.0 53.0 29.70 0.0 40
HP300x11 HP-profile 300.0 11.0 54.0 32.08 0.0 43
HP300x12 HP-profile 300.0 12.0 55.0 32.08 0.0 43
HP300x13 HP-profile 300.0 13.0 56.0 32.08 0.0 43
HP320x11.5 HP-profile 320.0 11.5 57.5 34.45 0.0 46
HP320x12 HP-profile 320.0 12.0 58.0 34.45 0.0 46
HP320x13 HP-profile 320.0 13.0 59.0 34.45 0.0 46
HP320x14 HP-profile 320.0 14.0 60.0 34.45 0.0 46
HP340x12 HP-profile 340.0 12.0 61.0 36.82 0.0 49
HP340x13 HP-profile 340.0 13.0 62.0 36.82 0.0 49
HP340x14 HP-profile 340.0 14.0 63.0 36.82 0.0 49
HP340x15 HP-profile 340.0 15.0 64.0 36.82 0.0 49
HP370x12.5 HP-profile 370.0 12.5 66.0 40.38 0.0 53.5
HP370x13 HP-profile 370.0 13.0 66.5 40.38 0.0 53.5
HP370x14 HP-profile 370.0 14.0 67.5 40.38 0.0 53.5
HP370x15 HP-profile 370.0 15.0 68.5 40.38 0.0 53.5
HP370x16 HP-profile 370.0 16.0 69.5 40.38 0.0 53.5
HP400x13 HP-profile 400.0 13.0 71.0 43.94 0.0 58
HP400x14 HP-profile 400.0 14.0 72.0 43.94 0.0 58
HP400x15 HP-profile 400.0 15.0 73.0 43.94 0.0 58
HP400x16 HP-profile 400.0 16.0 74.0 43.94 0.0 58
HP430x14 HP-profile 430.0 14.0 76.5 47.49 0.0 62.5
HP430x15 HP-profile 430.0 15.0 77.5 47.49 0.0 62.5
HP430x17 HP-profile 430.0 17.0 79.5 47.50 0.0 62.5
HP430x20 HP-profile 430.0 20.0 82.5 47.50 0.0 62.5
Torsional
Stiff. Cross Moment of Stiff. COG
BulbR-1 BulbR-2 BulbR-3 BulbNose Bulb Angle sec. Area Inertia Moment of Inertia eccentry

R1 R2 R3 q A It Iyy Cxx
0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.0
3.5 3.5 0 0 30 351.5 3.086E+03 5.872E+03 38.0
3.5 3.5 0 0 30 411.5 5.279E+03 7.095E+03 36.8
3.5 3.5 0 0 30 471.5 8.617E+03 8.497E+03 35.9
4 4 0 0 30 541.5 6.879E+03 1.067E+04 49.0
4 4 0 0 30 621.5 1.098E+04 1.260E+04 47.9
4 4 0 0 30 701.5 1.682E+04 1.481E+04 47.0
4.5 4.5 0 0 30 775.0 1.358E+04 1.785E+04 59.9
4.5 4.5 0 0 30 875.0 2.048E+04 2.075E+04 58.8
4.5 4.5 0 0 30 975.0 2.980E+04 2.405E+04 57.9
5 5 0 0 30 932.1 1.645E+04 2.448E+04 72.1
5 5 0 0 30 1052.1 2.442E+04 2.816E+04 70.7
5 5 0 0 30 1172.1 3.516E+04 3.232E+04 69.6
5.5 5.5 0 0 30 1242.6 2.899E+04 3.988E+04 83.2
5.5 5.5 0 0 30 1382.6 4.115E+04 4.520E+04 81.9
5.5 5.5 0 0 30 1522.6 5.693E+04 5.116E+04 80.8
5.5 5.5 0 0 30 1662.6 7.688E+04 5.784E+04 79.9
6 6 0 0 30 1460.2 3.491E+04 6.208E+04 96.7
6 6 0 0 30 1620.2 4.851E+04 6.930E+04 95.0
6 6 0 0 30 1780.2 6.612E+04 7.723E+04 93.7
6 6 0 0 30 2100.2 1.158E+05 9.562E+04 91.6
6 6 0 0 30 2180.2 1.316E+05 1.008E+05 91.2
7 7 0 0 30 1885.9 5.961E+04 1.046E+05 109.0
7 7 0 0 30 2065.9 7.948E+04 1.152E+05 107.3
7 7 0 0 30 2245.9 1.045E+05 1.268E+05 105.9
7 7 0 0 30 2425.9 1.352E+05 1.393E+05 104.8
7 7 0 0 30 2515.9 1.530E+05 1.460E+05 104.2
8 8 0 0 30 2265.9 8.382E+04 1.587E+05 122.2
8 8 0 0 30 2365.9 9.558E+04 1.659E+05 121.3
8 8 0 0 30 2565.9 1.234E+05 1.809E+05 119.6
8 8 0 0 30 2765.9 1.575E+05 1.970E+05 118.2
8 8 0 0 30 2865.9 1.772E+05 2.055E+05 117.6
8 8 0 0 30 2965.9 1.988E+05 2.143E+05 117.0
9 9 0 0 30 2680.1 1.151E+05 2.315E+05 135.5
9 9 0 0 30 2900.1 1.458E+05 2.508E+05 133.6
9 9 0 0 30 3120.1 1.834E+05 2.712E+05 131.9
9 9 0 0 30 3230.1 2.051E+05 2.819E+05 131.2
9 9 0 0 30 3340.1 2.288E+05 2.929E+05 130.5
10 10 0 0 30 3128.5 1.546E+05 3.268E+05 148.9
10 10 0 0 30 3248.5 1.724E+05 3.391E+05 147.8
10 10 0 0 30 3488.5 2.136E+05 3.647E+05 145.9
10 10 0 0 30 3728.5 2.632E+05 3.917E+05 144.2
11 11 0 0 30 3611.2 2.040E+05 4.488E+05 162.2
11 11 0 0 30 3871.2 2.489E+05 4.805E+05 160.1
11 11 0 0 30 4131.2 3.027E+05 5.136E+05 158.2
12 12 0 0 30 4128.1 2.647E+05 6.019E+05 175.6
12 12 0 0 30 4268.1 2.902E+05 6.215E+05 174.5
12 12 0 0 30 4548.1 3.484E+05 6.619E+05 172.3
12 12 0 0 30 4828.1 4.172E+05 7.040E+05 170.5
13 13 0 0 30 4679.2 3.384E+05 7.911E+05 189.0
13 13 0 0 30 4979.2 4.011E+05 8.399E+05 186.7
13 13 0 0 30 5279.2 4.751E+05 8.905E+05 184.6
14 14 0 0 30 5264.6 4.268E+05 1.022E+06 202.5
14 14 0 0 30 5424.6 4.619E+05 1.051E+06 201.2
14 14 0 0 30 5744.6 5.412E+05 1.111E+06 198.9
14 14 0 0 30 6064.6 6.336E+05 1.174E+06 196.9
15 15 0 0 30 5884.2 5.319E+05 1.299E+06 216.0
15 15 0 0 30 6224.2 6.167E+05 1.371E+06 213.4
15 15 0 0 30 6564.2 7.152E+05 1.444E+06 211.2
15 15 0 0 30 6904.2 8.288E+05 1.520E+06 209.2
16.5 16.5 0 0 30 6785.2 7.016E+05 1.794E+06 236.9
16.5 16.5 0 0 30 6970.2 7.499E+05 1.839E+06 235.5
16.5 16.5 0 0 30 7340.2 8.580E+05 1.932E+06 232.9
16.5 16.5 0 0 30 7710.2 9.823E+05 2.027E+06 230.6
16.5 16.5 0 0 30 8080.2 1.124E+06 2.125E+06 228.6
18 18 0 0 30 7748.3 9.112E+05 2.417E+06 257.9
18 18 0 0 30 8148.3 1.029E+06 2.533E+06 255.0
18 18 0 0 30 8548.3 1.164E+06 2.651E+06 252.5
18 18 0 0 30 8948.3 1.319E+06 2.771E+06 250.1
19.5 19.5 0 0 30 8988.4 1.233E+06 3.260E+06 277.4
19.5 19.5 0 0 30 9418.4 1.380E+06 3.406E+06 274.6
19.5 19.5 0 0 30 10278.4 1.735E+06 3.704E+06 269.6
19.5 19.5 0 0 30 11568.4 2.446E+06 4.178E+06 263.5
Shear Centre Stiff. COG Moment of Warping Torsional
Height eccentry Inertia Elastic Modulus Radius of Gyration Constant Constant

hx Cyy Ixx x-x y-y x-x y-y x-x J


0.00 0 0.00E+00
52.95 4.4 1.220E+05
52.95 4.7 1.440E+05
52.95 5.0 1.640E+05
72.01 4.6 3.380E+05
72.01 4.9 3.900E+05
72.01 5.3 4.330E+05
91.07 5.1 7.610E+05
91.07 5.4 8.530E+05
91.07 5.8 9.430E+05
110.14 5.3 1.330E+06
110.14 5.6 1.480E+06
110.14 6 1.640E+06
129.08 5.9 2.410E+06
129.08 6.3 2.660E+06
129.08 6.6 2.910E+06
129.08 7 3.160E+06
147.78 6.4 3.730E+06
147.78 6.8 4.110E+06
147.78 7.1 4.480E+06
147.78
147.78 8.1 5.980E+06
165.90 7.4 6.090E+06
165.90 7.7 6.650E+06
165.90 8.1 7.170E+06
165.90 8.3 7.700E+06
165.90 8.6 7.990E+06
184.02 8.2 9.020E+06
184.02 8.4 9.410E+06
184.02 8.7 1.020E+07
184.02 9 1.090E+07
184.02
184.02 9.4 1.160E+07
202.15 9.1 1.296E+07
202.15 9.3 1.400E+07
202.15 9.6 1.500E+07
202.15
202.15 10 1.590E+07
220.27 9.9 1.800E+07
220.27 10 1.860E+07
220.27 10.3 2.000E+07
220.27 10.6 2.130E+07
238.40 10.7 2.477E+07
238.40 11 2.610E+07
238.40 11.3 2.770E+07
256.52 11.6 3.223E+07
256.52 11.7 3.330E+07
256.52 11.9 3.550E+07
256.52 12.2 3.760E+07
274.64 12.4 4.190E+07
274.64 12.6 4.460E+07
274.64 12.9 4.720E+07
292.77 13.3 5.370E+07
292.77 13.4 5.530E+07
292.77 13.6 5.850E+07
292.77 13.9 6.170E+07
310.89 14.1 6.760E+07
310.89 14.3 7.160E+07
310.89 14.6 7.540E+07
310.89 14.8 7.920E+07
338.08 15.4 9.213E+07
338.08 15.4 9.470E+07
338.08 15.6 9.980E+07
338.08 15.9 1.049E+08
338.08 16.1 1.098E+08
365.27 16.6 1.228E+08
365.27 16.8 1.293E+08
365.27 17 1.358E+08
365.27 17.2 1.422E+08
392.45 17.9 1.646E+08
392.45 18.1 1.726E+08
392.45 18.5 1.886E+08
392.45 19.3 2.118E+08