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# 5

Section A
[40 marks]

## 1. Given 𝐴 = 3𝑥 − 𝑦, 𝐵 = 6𝑥 + 1 and 𝐶 = 3𝑥𝑦 + 7. Find the values of x and y such that

3A = 2B = C.
[6 marks]

2. Given that ... , 96, x , 1 536 , ... is part of a geometric progression. The sum of the first four
terms of the progression is 510. Find
(a) the common ratio. [2 marks]
(b) the first term. [2 marks]
(c) the smallest value of n sucth that the nth term exceeds 20 000. [3 marks]

3. (a) Given 3 = 5x and 5=3y , find the value of xy without using a calculator. [3 marks]
𝑥4
(b) Given log5 x = a and log5 y = b, express log5√ in terms of a and b. [4 markah]
125𝑦

4. 3
(a) Sketch the graph of y = 2 sin2x + 1 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 𝜋. [3 marks]
2

(b) Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable graph to find the number of solutions
2𝑥 3
to the equation − 1 = sin 2𝑥 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 𝜋. State thee number of
3𝜋 2
solutions. [3 marks]

5. Q T R

U
P S

Diagram 1
2
Diagram 1 shows a trapezium PQRS. It is given that ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑄𝑃 = 2𝑦, ⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑃𝑆 = ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ = 2 𝑄𝑅
⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ , 𝑄𝑇
𝑄𝑅 ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ and
3 5

⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ = 6𝑥.
𝑄𝑅
⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ in terms of 𝑥 and 𝑦
(a) Express 𝑄𝑆 [3 marks]

## ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ and m is a constant.

⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ = 𝑚𝑄𝑃
(b) Point U lies inside the trapezium PQRS such that 2𝑇𝑈
(i) Express ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑄𝑈 in terms of m, 𝑥 and 𝑦.

(ii) Hence, if the points Q,U and S are collinear, find the value of m. [5 marks]

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1 – 10 4
11 – 20 7
21 – 30 14
31 – 40 10
41 – 50 5

Table 2

## (a) Use graph paper to answer this part of the question.

Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2 students on
the vertical axis, draw a histogram to represent the frequency distribution of the
marks in the table. Hence, find the modal mark. [4 marks]

Section B
[40 marks]

## x 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 6.0

y 0.545 0.444 0.363 0.357 0.339 0.322
Table 3

Table 3 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. The variables x
𝑘 ℎ
and y are related by the equation 𝑦 = 𝑥 + 3, where k and h are constants.

1 1
(a) Based on Table 3, construct a table for the values of 𝑥 and 𝑦 . [2 marks]
1 1 1
.(b) Plot against , using a scale of 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the - axis and 2 cm to 0.5 unit on
𝑦 𝑥 𝑥
1
the 𝑦 – axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. [3 marks]
(c) Use the graph in (b) to find the value of
(i) k.
(ii) h. [5 marks]

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## 8. In Diagram 4, ABC  90 , and the equation of the straight line BC is 2 y  x  6  0 .

y
A A (–4, 9)

B 2y + x + 6 = 0

0 x
C

R DIAGRAM 4
(a) Find
(i) the equation of the straight line AB,
(ii) the coordinates of point B. [5 marks]

## (b) The straight line AB is extended to a point D such that AB : BD = 2 : 3.

Find the coordinates of the point D. [2 marks]

(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always 5 units. Find the
equation of the locus of P. [3 marks]

9. Diagram 4 shows the curve y = x2 + 5 and the tangent to the curve at the point A(1,6).

y = x2 + 5

A(1,6)

0 x

Diagram 4
Calculate
(a) The equation of a tangent at A. [3 marks]

## (b) The area of the shaded region [4 marks]

(c) The volume of revolution, in term of π, when the region bounded by the curve and
the straight line y = 7 is rotated through 360o about the y –axis. [3 marks]

## 3472/2 © 2015 Trial SPM SMK Convent Ipoh

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T
10.

S O V U

Diagram 5
In diagram 5, STU is a semicircle with centre O and radius 5 cm. STV is a sector of a circle with
centre S. Calculate [Use π=3.142]
(a) The value of θ, in radian. [2 marks]
(b) The perimeter, in cm, of the shaded region. [4 marks]
(c) The area, in cm2, of the shaded region. [4 marks]

1
11. (a) A company has 5 telephone lines. The probability of one line being used at any time is .
3
Find the probability that
(i) all the lines are used at any time.
(ii) at least one line is used at any time. [5 marks]

(b) the lengths of cut wires are normally distributed with mean μ and standard deviation σ.
12% of the wires are longer than 16.8 cm while 30% of them are less than 12.5 cm.
Calculate the value of σ and of μ. [5 marks]

Section C
[20 marks]

## Answer any two questions from this section.

12. A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O.Its velocity,v ms-1,
is given by 𝑣 = 𝑡 2 − 6𝑡 + 8, where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O.

Find,

## (a) The initial velocity, in m s-1, [1 marks]

(b) The minimum velocity, in ms-1, [3 marks]
(c) The range of values of t during which particle moves to the left, [2 marks]
(d) The total distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the first 4 seconds. [4 marks]

## 3472/2 © 2015 Trial SPM SMK Convent Ipoh

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13.

Price index in the year 2008 Price index in the year 2010
Item
base on the year 2006 base on the year 2006
A 130 143
B 105 x
C y 120

Table 6
Table 6 shows the price indices for three items, A, B and C, used in the production of a
type of shoes.

(a) Find the price of item A in the year 2010 based on the year 2008. [2 marks]

(b) the price of item B in the year 2006 is RM8.00 and its price in the year 2010 is
RM9.20. Find
(i) the value of x.
(ii) the price of item B in the year 2008. [3 marks]

(c) Given that the composite index for the production cost of the shoes in the year
2008 based on the year 2006 is 114.5. the cost of the items A, B and C are in the
ratio of 1 : 4 : 3. Find the value of y. [3 marks]

(d) The price of the shoes in the year 2008 is RM68.70. Find the corresponding price
of the shoes in the year 2006. [ 2 marks]

14.

Diagram 7

The diagram above shows a quadrilateral PQRS such that ⦟PQR is acute.

(a) Calculate
(i) ⦟PRQ,
(ii) ⦟PSR,
(iii) The area, in cm2 , of quadrilateral PQRS. [8 marks]

(b) (i) Sketch the triangle P’Q’R’ such that P’R’ = 5.8 cm, P’Q’ = 9.0 cm and ⦟P’Q’R’
= 32° but which is different in shape to triangle PQR.
(ii) State the size of ⦟P’R’Q’. [2 marks]

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## 15. Use the graph paper to answer this question.

A factory produces two type of knives, A and B. In a week, the factory produces x units of
knife A and y units of knife B. The factory assigns a capital of RM3 000 per week to
produce the knives. The production of each type of knife is based on the following
constraints:

I : The cost of producing a unit of knife A is RM30 and a unit of knife B is RM50.
II : The minimum total number of knives produced per week is 70.
III : The number of knife B produced must be at least 80% of the number of knife A.

(a) Write three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0, which satisfy all the above
constraints. [3 marks]
(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 units of knives on both axes, construct and shade the region
R which satisfies all the above constraints. [3 marks]
(c) Using the graph constructed in 15(b), find
(i) The maximum and the minimum number of knife B produced if 45 units of knife
A are produced.
(ii) The maximum profit obtained if the profit for a unit of knife A is RM20 and the
profit from a unit of knife B is RM15. [4 marks]