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1. Mathematics

A poster is to contain 300 cm2 of printed matter with margins of 10 cm at the top and bottom and

5 cm at each side. Find the overall dimensions if the total area of the poster is minimum

A = (10+x) (20+y)

Ap = xy = 300

y = 300/x (2)

300 300

𝐴 = 200 + 10 ( ) + 20𝑥 + 𝑥( )

𝑥 𝑥

3000

𝐴 = 500 + ( ) + 20𝑥

𝑥

𝑑𝐴 3000

= − 2 + 20 = 0

𝑑𝑥 𝑥

3000

0 = 20 −

𝑥2

x = 12.24 cm

300

𝑦= = 24.5 𝑐𝑚

12.24

A = (10+12.24) + (20+24.5), thus A = 22.24cm x 44.45cm

2. Mathematics

Ans: 20.705°

𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥+𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

tan 3x = tan (2x+x) = (2)

1−𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥 + 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

= 5 tan 𝑥

1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥 + tan 𝑥 = 5𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 − 5𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝑥

2𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝑥 = (4)

1−𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝑥

2𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

(1 + 5𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝑥) = 4𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝑥

2𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥(1 + 5𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝑥) = 4𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥(1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝑥)

14𝑡𝑎𝑛3 𝑥 = 2𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥

3. Mathematics

𝑒 𝑥 −1

Find the integral of

𝑒 𝑥 +1

𝑒𝑥 − 1 𝑒 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑥

∫ 𝑥 = ∫ 𝑥 − ∫ 𝑥

𝑒 +1 𝑒 +1 𝑒 +1

𝑑𝑥

= ln(𝑒 𝑥 + 1) − ∫

𝑒𝑥 + 1

Let u = ex+1, du = ex dx

𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑢 𝑑𝑢

∫ = ∫ 𝑥 𝑥 =∫

𝑒𝑥+1 𝑒 (𝑒 + 1) (𝑢 − 1)𝑢

1 𝐴 𝐵

= +

𝑢(𝑢 − 1) 𝑢 (𝑢 − 1)

1 = A(u-1) +Bu, = Au – A + Bu

1 = -A, A = -1, 0 = A + B, B = 1

𝑑𝑢 −𝑑𝑢 𝑑𝑢

∫ = ∫ +∫

(𝑢 − 1)𝑢 𝑢 (𝑢 − 1)

= 2 𝑙𝑛(𝑒 𝑥 + 1) − 𝑥 + 𝐶

= 𝒍𝒏(𝒆𝒙 + 𝟏)𝟐 − 𝒙 + 𝑪

4. Mathematics

A norman window is in the shape of a rectangle surmounted by a semi-circle. What is the ratio of

the width of the rectangle to the total height so that it will yield a window admitting the most

light for a given perimeter?

Ans: 1:1

Let P = Perimeter

P = 2x + 2y + [(1/2)(2πx)], = 2x + 2y + πx

𝑃−2𝑥−πx

𝑦= = 0.5P – 2.57x (1)

2

π

𝐴 = 2𝑥[0.5P – 2.57x] + 𝑥 2

2

π

𝐴 = 𝑃𝑥 − 5.14𝑥 2 + 𝑥 2

2

𝐴 = 𝑃𝑥 − 3.57𝑥 2

𝑑𝐴

= 𝑃 − 7.14𝑥 = 0

𝑑𝑥

x = 0.14P

Substitute x in (1)

Solving for h:

h = y + x = 0.14P + 0.14P

h = 0.28P

Ratio = 1:1

5. Mathematics

Two perpendicular chords both 5cm from the center of a circle divide the circle into four parts. If

the radius of the circle is 13cm, find the area of the smallest part.

Ans: 31cm2

2α + θ = 90°, θ = 44.76°

1 2𝜋𝑟𝑎𝑑

AS = (1/2) r2θ, = (13)2 [44.76°x ], A = 66cm2

2 360°

By Phytagorean theorem:

132 = 52 + (y+5)2

144 = (y+5)2

12 = y+5, y = 7

1

A = AS - 2AT A = 66 − 2 [ (7)(5)] = 𝟑𝟏𝒄𝒎𝟐

2

6. General Engineering (Engineering Economy)

You need P 4,000 per year for four years to go to college. Your father invested P 5,000 in 7%

account for your education when you were born. If you withdraw P 4,000 at the end of your 17th,

18th, 19th, and 20th birthday, how much will be left in the account at the end of the 21st year?

Round off your answers to two decimal points

Ans: P 1,699.86

𝐴[(1+𝑖)𝑛 −1]

𝐹2 =

𝑖

4000[(1+0.07)4 −1]

𝐹2 = F2 = 17,759.772

0.07

F3 = 19,002.95

Money left = F1 – F3

A trapezoid has two equal slanting sides, a 6 cm base and a 3 cm top parallel to and 5 cm above

the base. Determine the moment of inertia of the trapezoid area relative to the top side, in cm4

A1 = 3(5) = 15

A2 = A3 = 3.75

d1 = 5/2 = 2.5

d2 = d3 = 2/3(5) = 10/3

𝑏1 ℎ1 3 𝑏2 ℎ2 3 𝑏1 ℎ1 3

= [ + 𝐴1 𝑑1 2 ] + [ + 𝐴1 𝑑1 2 ] + [ + 𝐴1 𝑑1 2 ]

12 36 36

3(5)3 2

1.5(5)3 10

= [ + 15(2.5) ] + 2 [ + (3.75)( )2 ]

12 36 3

A steel shaft is transmitting 50 hp at 1200 rpm. The nature of the load and the type of the service

of the shaft is such that the allowable shearing stress based on pure torsion is 4000 psi. Find the

torsional deflection of the shaft in degrees per foot of the shaft. Assume G = 12x106

2𝜋𝑁𝑇 2𝜋(1200)𝑇

𝐻𝑃 = 50 = T = 218.838 lb-ft, = 2626.056 lb-in

33,00 33,00

16𝑇 16(2626.056)

τ= 4000 = d = 1.5 in

𝜋𝑑 3 𝜋𝑑 3

𝑇𝐿 𝜋

𝜃= 𝐽= 𝑑3

𝐽𝐺 32

𝜃 𝑇 2626.056 180°

= 𝜋 = 𝜋 𝑥

𝐿 𝑑4𝐺 (1.5)4 (12𝑥10)6 𝜋

32 32

𝜃

= 0.025° 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ or 0.3° 𝒑𝒆𝒓 𝒇𝒐𝒐𝒕

𝐿

A ball is thrown vertically into the air at 120 m/s. After 3 seconds another ball is thrown

vertically. What is the velocity that the second ball must have to pass the first ball at 100m from

the ground?

Ans: 105.89m/s

1

ℎ = 𝑉𝑜 𝑡 − 𝑔𝑡 2

2

1

ℎ = (120)(3) − (9.81)(3)2 h = 315.85m

2

Note: since the distance traveled by the first ball is greater than 100m, therefore during the time

the two balls meet at 100m above the ground, the direction of the first ball must be going

downward, while the second ball upward

𝑉1 2 = 𝑉0 2 − 2𝑔ℎ1

0 = 1202 − 2(9.81)ℎ1 h1 = 734m, h2 = 734 – 100 = 634m

𝑉1 = 𝑉0 − 𝑔𝑡 2

1

ℎ2 = 𝑉1 𝑡2 + 𝑔𝑡 2

2

1

634 = 0 + (9.81)𝑡2 2 t2 = 11.37s

2

ttotal = 23.6s

t3 = 23.6-3 = 20.6s

1

ℎ3 = 𝑉𝑡3 − 𝑔𝑡3 2

2

1

ℎ3 = 𝑉(20.6) − (9.81)(20.6)2 h3 = 105.89m/s

2

10. Physics

Req = 6 ohms

11. Physics

A 10g block slides with a velocity of 20cm/s on a smooth level surface and makes a collision with a 30g

block moving in the opposite direction with a velocity of 10cm/s. If the collision is perfectly elastic, what

is the velocity of the 30g block after the collision?

Ans: 5cm/s

𝑉′2 −𝑉′1

𝑒= = 1, therefore: V1 – V2 = V’2 – V’1

𝑉1 −𝑉2

V’2 = 5cm/s

12. Chemistry

How much heat was removed from a cubic meter of helium at STP when cooled at constant pressure to

a final volume of 0.75m3? MWHelium = 4kg/kmol and Cv = 3.10 kJ/kg-K

Ans: -63.20kJ

𝑉1 𝑉2

=

𝑇1 𝑇2

(273𝐾)(0.75)𝑚3

𝑇2 = = 204.75𝐾

1𝑚3

(101.325)(1)

M = PV/RT = = 0.179𝑘𝑔

(8.314⁄4)(273)

ΔU = mCVΔT = (0.179)(3.10)(204.75-273)

ΔU = -37.87 kJ

Using the 1st law of thermodynamics:

Q = ΔU + P(V2-V1)

Q = -37.87 + 101.325(0.75-1)

A motor is used to stir 5 kg of water at 0.4 Hp. Assuming that there was no losses and all the

work went into heating, how long will it take to increase the temperature of water by 6°C?

Express your answers in minutes

Ans: 7 minutes

Since there are no heat losses and the work was fully converted into heat

W=Q

W = 30kcal x (4.186kJ/kCal)

P = W/t, t = W/P

t = 125.58kJ/0.4x(0.746kJ/s)

t = 420 s = 7 minutes

A _____ is a smooth space curve that has a property that the tangent line in any point makes a

constant angle with a fixed line called the axis

Ans: Helix

The growth of a nautilus shell, and other kinds of natural growth are governed by the

mathematical properties exhibited in the __________

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