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FEBRUARY 28, 2018


1. SITE INSTALLATION PLAN....................................................................................................................... 2
1.1. SITE DEVELOPMENT ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

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1.1. Site Development

1. Prior to commencing the construction, construction permit shall be obtained from the local
2. Pre-construction survey shall be done for the surrounding areas to record the existing environment
before construction. This will include capturing the existing surrounding utilities, building and
3. Survey the construction site and locate existing utility amenities including water, electricity,
sewerage lines and possible phone lines.
4. Determine the exact boundaries for fencing with the help of the blueprints given by the project
5. Hoarding permit shall be obtained before erecting the site hoarding. This shall include the permit
for the Project Sign Board.
6. Boundary, topographic and hydrographic survey shall be done to get detailed information of the
project site.
7. Upon approval of the permit, hoarding shall be erected around the project site. Project sign board
shall also be erected at approved location. Signs outside the fence should include "Construction
Work in Progress" and "All Visitors Must Report to Site Office." Signs inside the fence should
introduce the site safety regulations, and give specifications about emergency and first aid
8. Carry out soil tests on different locations on the site. The tests need to be analyzed by a
geotechnical engineer, an environmental engineer and lab technician. Soil test results can indicate
contamination or possible problems with foundations, excavations and concrete pouring.
9. Search the site for underground utilities and obstacles such as old wells, excavation shafts, electrical
cables and gas or water channels. Remove obstacles, cover or fill if necessary.
10. Site Office and Accommodation
a. Proposed location of temporary site office shall be located next to the proposed construction as
per allocated and subject to Client approval. It will house the Client's, Consultants, Contractor
and Subcontractors site office, storage plus all the amenities for the staff and workers. Figure
below shows the layout of a typical site office layout for such project.
b. Permit shall be obtained for the construction and erection of site facilities from local authority.
Location of the site facilities shall be determine once the site and surrounding survey has been

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done and authority advise is obtained. This is important for the construction activities and
logistic not a hindrance to the public.
Site facilities shall include:
a) Site offices with communication facilities
b) Water tanks, if no direct source
c) First aid room
d) Generator sets
e) Toilets (Pre-fab or portable for site use)
f) Workers rest areas with proper facilities for summer
g) Drinking and chilled water
h) Site canteen
i) Material storage and laydown with security measures and protective devices such as
alarms, vehicle tracking systems, manned guarding, CCTV and locks to prevent theft of
construction equipment and materials
j) The accommodation for the laborers shall be as per local requirement and the location shall
be made known once finalized. Laborers shall commute at minimum distance to site to
avoid delay and traffic congestion.
k) Locations for temporary lay down shall be on allocated areas and are subject to approval by
11. Watchmen And Attendance
When instructed (if required), ASRF shall keep efficient watchmen on the site for its Works.
12. Temporary Works Erection
ASRF shall comply with all regulations concerning temporary works erection
When necessary or instructed, ASRF shall provide temporary hoarding, fencing, barriers and other
necessary safety precautionary measure to the satisfaction of the Client for protecting the public
and others during the proper execution of the Works. All materials are to be submitted for approval
by the Client prior to commencement of the installation.
In particular, ASRF shall protect the all public areas from damage and dirt while execution the
13. Power
a. ASRF shall be provided with temporary electricity supply.
b. ASRF shall be responsible for all connection from the power point designated from the Client and
removal on completion all necessary wiring and accessories.

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c. In case sources of lighting and power supply is unavailable or inadequate within the Site, ASRF is
responsible for the provision of temporary lighting and power supply at the locations and in the
manner as directed by the Client and submit installation detail and routing of the electricity
supply for the information of the Client prior to commencement of the installation. The level of
light shall be adequate for safety, routine inspections and detailed inspection of finishes as the
works proceeds.
14. Maintenance of Temporary Works
Maintain, alter, adapt and move Temporary Works as necessary. Clear away when no longer
required and make good.
15. Site Access and Material Delivery
a. Our employees and workmen shall observe all rules and regulations of the statutory codes and
regulations, with regard to access to site, security thereof, issuing of passes and the like.
b. It is the responsibility of ASRF to plan and coordinate with Client and other work packages
contractors (if any) to work out the delivery route and schedule. We shall allow for delivery
time restrictions. Material delivery schedules shall be submitted to and agreed by Client in
advance prior to any deliveries being made.
c. ASRF shall comply with all requirements of the Road and Transport Authority (RTA); obtain
authorization to cross pavements and similar areas. When using public roads for access
purpose, co-operate with RTA and others using such roads to ensure that they are kept free
obstruction at all times and comply with any restriction on access.
d. ASRF shall keep all access clean and should clear away all debris arising from the Works in a
neat and orderly manner.
16. Noise/ Nuisance Mitigation Measures
a. ASRF shall comply with all Regulations concerning the prevention of nuisance arising from
noise, water, smoke, dust, and accumulation of rubbish, mosquito breeding and all other
b. ASRF shall provide throughout the whole period of the Contract and extended period, if any,
mufflers or other suitable noise suppressors on all pneumatic drills, compressors and other
plant which may cause a noise nuisance to the general public.
c. ASRF shall store, cover or treat all items on the Site, capable of retaining water to prevent the
collection of water in them.

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d. ASRF shall provide throughout the construction period an approved central collection point on
the Site for depositing of all empty cans, oil drums, packings and other receptacles capable of
holding water and for the regular collection and removal of such articles from the site.
e. ASRF shall not burn debris, or any other matter on the Site.
17. Site Constraint
Activities such as excavation shall confine within boundary limit. For any activities such as material
delivery, movement of construction vehicles and etc., ASRF shall take every precaution necessary to
cause minimum of nuisance, disturbance or inconvenience to the nearby premises.
18. Project specific construction plan
Site surveying works, subsoil investigations, marine investigation, will be conducted. Site
preparation and earth works including all soil improvements if required will also be carried out.
Prior to the start of any excavation works the existing underground facilities will be investigated, if
any, such as pipes, cables, foundations, etc. will be located and carefully removed to a designated
The sequence of carrying out the execution will as follows:
a. Levelling of land, surveying and mark up of the various building layouts.
b. Setting up the admin offices, temporary fencing, set up of security, set up waste system
(sewage and domestic waste), office internet and phone system and etc.).
c. Our strategy to construct is to follow the process flow and then all the auxiliary buildings and
other infrastructures.
d. The steel frame structure will be designed ahead for procurement of materials, preparation of
shop drawings, cutting, welding and fabrication before delivering of completed components
to site for installation work. Installation of steel structures will be carried out with mobile
cranes. Moving in of process equipment will be coordinated with the Building Structure works.
e. Once the Process buildings floor slabs are completed, mechanical installation will start. Skids
will be installed on the floor slabs. This will be followed by the underground pipes, Pipes
supports, within the building. .
f. Electrical installation will follow shortly after the skids and pipes started installation. Normally,
about 2 months after mechanical installation start.
g. We will target a section of the individual process to be completed to allow Testing &
Commissioning (T&C) to start while other sections are still under installation.

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h. The software is done in-house within ASRF; it is proven software that has been used in past
projects. It will be modified to minimize troubleshooting and fast start-up and reduce the T&C
i. Likewise, the skids will be prefabricated in workshops and transported in knockdown form to
site. At the site they only need to be installed with minimum welding.
j. SDSS pipes, HDPE pipes and some GRP pipes within the skids will also be fabricated in our
workshop. Dosing equipment will also be fabricated in our workshop and installed on the
k. The mechanical and electrical fittings will be installed by our in-house and local team, this
make coordination simpler.
l. Weekly meetings shall be held to monitor status of procurement, review of the schedule,
permit status and progress. The meeting will be chaired by the Project Manager in the
beginning of the project; the Managing Director will chair the meetings together with the
Project Manager. .
m. Mechanical and electrical main routing will be superimposed on to the civil drawings.
n. The process design and detailed engineering will be carried out by our own Water Technology
Department, this reduces interface coordination. At the site, our process engineers are also
the T&C engineers. They will review the actual installation versus design and make necessary
changes, if required. The modifications if any are more for improvement and optimization.
o. With our past experience, we will restrict our major equipment to a few suppliers only. This
will give us confidence on the performance of the equipment,
p. The Design Team will draw up the specifications and request for quotations from the
suppliers. With the technical specification given by the suppliers, the design teams and the
Installation team will have to sign off before the procurement can be effected. The installation
team will include the civil, process, electrical and mechanical engineers.
q. We have our own in-house Testing & Commissioning capabilities. The Testing &
Commissioning Engineers will be at site before the completion of the installation to start
checking the installation. They will verify the proper installation and functioning of the
facilities, processes and systems and to confirm that the Plant performs as specified when all
the equipment and systems are operating. This same group will carry out the testing together
with the installation team. The installation team will remain through the testing period to
provide site repair works, modification and inspection if any.

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r. Testing is divided into 3 phases. The first one is called Mechanical Completion which is the
initial checking of equipment to establish that they have been supplied and installed as
specified. It includes testing of the individual component. We will check the functionality of
the equipment and the various signals. The next one is called Pre Commissioning which is the
operation of the equipment and subsystems, in conditions that are representative of the
anticipated conditions to prove their performance. Process Commissioning may commence
after seawater intake is introduced into the plant treatment trains. This phase shall include
commissioning on a train by train basis and the entire Plant operating as a whole. Lastly, the
Process Commissioning which is the proving of the Plant with respects to testing requirements
as set out in the contract agreement.
s. Our preference is for SWCC O&M team to be on board when we are carrying out the testing
so that they get familiar with the plant earlier and not after handover. We will provide
classroom training and also hands-on training. Training will be conducted by our suppliers and
our Process Engineers. The training will include the laboratory operation and testing training.
The operators will learn how to operate the plant during our testing together with our Testing
& Commissioning team. Subsequently, the operator will operate the plant with our engineer's
supervising them. During the Acceptance Test, both the O&M operators and our team will run
the plant and record all events during the testing. This phasing in will allow the O&M team to
take over the plant seamlessly and they should be able to make decisions themselves. . After
the Handover, our engineers will still supervise them to ensure all operations are in order.
t. Handover will include the Daily Report of the plant proving period, Summary of the plant
proving, Fire-fighting permit, O&M Manuals, As-built drawings etc and the Spares.
u. In the meanwhile the other facilities will be built and security fence erected
v. During installation, the Master Copy of all drawings is controlled by the Document Controller.
This copy will remain in the Project office and cannot be taken out from the office. The site
personnel will work on controlled copies and update theirs as-built. They will then hand over
their as-built to the Document Controller, who will update the Master Copy in red. In this way,
As-built will always be as the latest and we will not miss out anything. The updated Master
Copy will then be sent to the Water Technology Department to produce the As-built drawings
for client submission.
w. Testing and Commissioning will start when one train of RO system is ready for testing. Full
testing will be done on that trains. In this way, it will allow early start of testing. Once

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successfully, the software will be downloaded to the rest of the trains. This will cut down the
repeat downloading of software.
We request that SWCC O&M personnel should be present on site when the dry testing of the
individual train / station is carried out. This will allow their SWCC O&M personnel to have a
hands-on experience and understand the reasons for certain sequencing. During T&C, SWCC
O&M personnel will observe how to start the plant and operate the plant under supervision.
After getting familiar, they will operate the plant with minimum supervision and follow
instructions on how to change the parameters. They will also be taught to record activities and
events in the log book, read and record faults, change parameters etc. By the time of plant
proving, they will be able to operate the plant comfortably. During plant proving, as it is a
performance test, our team will operate the plant with them monitoring. Our aim is to have a
smooth handover when the plant proving is successful.
Once the contract is awarded, a kick off meeting will be held. The Matrix of responsibility will be
prepared and disseminated and all parties will sign the matrix to ensure all parties involved are
clear of their responsibilities. All grey areas shall be resolved in the shortest possible time but
not later than 1 month.
The Line and channels of communication shall be established during the kickoff meeting.
We shall ensure that the objective of the task force will be met at the end of the project.
Quarterly review of the task force's objective will be carried out. Changes, review or
modifications will be done when necessary. The task force shall be stationed at site for ease of
communication and also enable quick decision making and actions. Establishment of the MCMS
System (Machinery Control and Monitoring System) needs a close working relationship with the
task force.
During the whole Construction Phase, we will have intra weekly coordination meetings, Very
close liaison will be maintained with the Client Team that will be deployed on site. Regular
monthly meetings will be held with the Client and they will be updated frequently. Reports and
Schedules will be sent to them as required and where approvals are required, the request will
be promptly sent. If needed, ad-hoc meetings will be organized to resolve conflicts, problems,
catch up or for new requirements. Interface meetings with other contractors or local authority
will also be conducted.
We will not compromise our Quality and Safety in work. Monthly Safety Meetings will be

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19. Interface Management

Interface Management manages and controls the flow of information between the various
contractors involved in the project. Interface Management provides a structured communication
process to control the exchange of information between the parties. It eliminates gaps and overlaps
in work scope.
The system also tracks the progress of the resolution of interfaces; provide a means for assessing
the impact on the project if an interface information requirement is not received in a timely
fashion. It is a system whereby issues can be identified and resolved in an orderly and time efficient
manner to minimize impact on the project. It also helps to highlight critical areas and potential
All formal project communication from one party to another that either requests information or
identifies potential problems must be requested in the form of a Request for Information. The
procedure of flow of info is listed in our Documents Control Procedures, which is attached.
Regular Meetings will also be planned where Progress of Work and Reports are discussed. The
meetings will be chaired by the Project Manager.
We will ensure that all questions are answered promptly and that the affected parties are fully
informed of the manner in which the problem areas were resolved.
At every beginning of a major milestone, a meeting will be called with the relevant parties, issues
that can affect will be discussed and methods to resolve them thought through. Commitment will
be sought from those attending to ensure that the milestone is smoothly executed.
The development of this water project involved the construction of structures and buildings that
can be divided into these categories:
a. Reinforced concrete foundation with structural steel superstructures
b. Reinforced concrete tanks
c. Reinforced concrete buildings with masonry walls
20. General Approach
The construction staging of the project will involve activities on the sites with concentration of
works during day possessions. While the main construction method is discussed here, detailed
method statement for each activity shall be submitted for approval prior to commencement of any
works. The number machineries to be used during the activities shall be identified upon starting of
the works. Typical Work Sequence for the Construction:
Before the commencement of any works, approved construction drawings and relevant permit shall
be obtained from the Municipality.

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a. Site Clearing Works

Prior to the commencement of works, the setting out shall be carried out by the qualified
surveyor to ensure the platform that has been handed over at the correct levels.
b. Excavation and Underground Services
Once the surveying of the building (i.e. Building Control Points) is executed by the surveyor as
specified in the endorsed Pre-computation plan, the proposed corners of the buildings and
boundary walls are pegged.

i. Excavation, Fills and Compaction

Once the pegging is in place, cement or plaster dust is sprinkled beneath the perimeter
building lines to act as a guide for trenching and excavating. Platform and Floor finish level
will be based on the TBM as the reference / localized datum.
The work shall be excavated to the dimensions as shown on the Construction Drawings.
Sides of excavation will endure a slight oversized trenching to allow for installation of side
timber formwork (including its bracings mechanism) or blocks.
Excavation for structures would be to the lines and grades shown or as required to
accomplish the construction. Maintain a tolerance of +/- 25mm beneath plain concrete
foundations and +/- 15mm beneath reinforced concrete foundations and ground bearing
ii. Limits of Excavation
Excavate to the depths and widths, as shown. Allow for forms, working space, granular
base, and finish topsoil as shown or required. No excavation would be carried out for raft
and slabs deeper then elevation shown unless otherwise required achieving a minimum
structural fill depth. In excavation for foundation, bottom of excavation shall not be
disturbed. Manually excavate for the last 200mm to final level. All excavations shall be kept
clear of water arising from any cause. Barricade open excavations and provide warning
tapes and lights.
iii. Excavation for Trenches
Provide required clearance on both side for ample working room and other materials (pipe
or conduit). Excavate trenches to depths indicated and required. Do not backfill trenches
until test and inspection are carried out.

c. Backfilling and Compaction

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Backfilling of earth around raft would be carried out in layers of using plate compactor (with
vibration). Place backfill material free of roots, organic matter, trash, and rocks larger than 4-
inch diameter.
d. Raft
After the spraying of anti-termite and poly sheet covering layer, a 50mm thick of lean
concrete G25 shall be placed to provide sufficient level for the raft above.
Another layer of vapor barrier will be placed above the lean concrete before any concrete is
poured for the raft
e. Formworks
Formwork shall generally be fabricated in the formwork fabrication area and shall be
transported to the work area for installation. Formwork shall be installed in compliance with
BS 5975 and the formwork design drawings. Formwork shall be constructed to the exact sizes,
shapes, lines and dimensions shown on the drawings and as required to obtain accurate
alignment, location, grades, level and plumb of the finished structures in accordance with the
schedule of the tolerances. Side formwork shall be used for the external face of the raft.
f. Reinforcement
Reinforcement, once cut and bent, shall be stored in the lay down area or on off ground
supports and shall only be transported to the work area when required. All bars will be tagged
as per the bending schedule.
Concrete spacer blocks or steel chair shall be used to support the bottom layers of
reinforcement and to space reinforcement from edge forms. Plastic PVC spacer / cement
block may be used to space reinforcement from edge forms if approved by the Client.
The spacer block shall be selected to provide the correct cover to the bottom reinforcement
layer and shall be of adequate strength to support the load.
Where required, steel chairs shall be scheduled and fabricated to support intermediate and
top layers of reinforcement. Reinforcement shall be installed once the blinding, soffit
formwork or preparation of the supporting / adjacent concrete element has been inspected
and signed off as per ITP.
Cleanliness during fixing of the reinforcement is a priority. Any rubbish or loose particles are
not to be dropped in the pour area. The pour area will be blown clear before concrete
Where reinforcement is used to secure formwork or cast — in items and the welding may be
detrimental to the reinforcement bar, a dummy reinforcement bar shall be fixed.

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The starter bar positions are critical and must be checked

The following checks shall be conducted prior to placement of concrete:-
i. Ensure correct cover is provided
ii. Reinforcement fixing shall be in accordance with the drawings
iii. Starter bars, trimmer bars, etc. are fixed in correct locations.
iv. Top level of reinforcement is correct
v. Reinforcement shall be clean
vi. Stop ends fixed correctly.
vii. Cast in items are correctly placed and securely fixed.
g. Cast In-Situ Concrete
The design mix shall be proportioned in accordance with BS 5328 and approved by
construction drawings and shall be reviewed / approved by Consultant prior to any concrete
work being undertaken
Samples shall be taken at the slump station area. As for the bigger pour, samples shall be
taken at the site itself. Concrete shall be transported from the batching plant to its placing
point without any segregation or loss of any ingredients.
h. Pre — Pour Works
The engineer shall be on hand for inspection of formwork and concrete reinforcement.
Upon approval of the engineer, inspection request to the Municipality shall be submitted for
horizontal elements. The concreting shall only be done upon approval.
The interior of forms shall be cleaned thoroughly.
While placing concrete, objects such as reinforcing bars and other fixtures shall be monitored
for movement.
The concrete slump shall be such that it can be easily placed without segregation. If the
concrete is acceptable, it will continue to be discharged. Slump test shall be taken at every
load of concrete. The load shall be accepted if the concrete slump at the point of discharge is
within tolerance for the design mix ordered. If the slump is below tolerance, the load shall be
Vibrators or other suitable tools shall be used to ensure the required compaction is achieved.
Vibrators shall be inserted and vertically and not used to move concrete at least one spare
vibrator will be available at all times.
Concrete shall be deposited as quickly as practicable in its final position to avoid segregation
and cold joints.

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In the event of rain occurring during a pour, the live faces of the layers of concrete will be kept
as close as possible to minimize the exposed horizontal concrete to the rain. Where possible
the pour rate will be slowed, particularly considering the life of the concrete should increase
due to the moisture in the air. Where the pour rate is slowed, additional retarder (which has
been approved by the Client and the complied with the contract specification requirement)
may be added to the mix to keep the concrete live longer. Generally free water in forms will
be blown to the edge of the pours and removed.
i. Finishing
When the concrete is poured to level, the surface will be finished generally. Areas of
specialized finishes will be treated separately.
When the concrete has stiffened sufficiently, the surface shall be troweled by hand or by
machine sufficiently to produce a uniform surface free from screed marks and to ensure that
the surface of the concrete is within tolerance.
j. Concrete Curing
Concrete placed shall be cured as required in the specification using approved curing
compound and or wetting method as described below.
i. Cover all exposed concrete surfaces with canvas, straw, gunnysack or similar material,
which shall be wetted with flushing or sprinkling water.
ii. Spray curing compound onto the entire exposed concrete surface.
k. Upper Floor Slab Construction
After the raft has been completed, works for column / wall shall continue with the fixing of
steel reinforcement. All reinforcement shall be done for the whole ground floor level and
checked by the Engineers. Upon satisfactory inspections, the formwork for the columns / wall
shall be erected. All embedded mechanical and electrical fixing shall be done prior to the
erection of the side formwork and properly tied to the reinforcement.
l. Slab Reinforcement
After the completion of the formwork for slab, reinforcement is then fixed as per method
outlined for the raft earlier.
m. MEP fix
All MEP fix shall be done upon the sectional completion reinforcement for the slab. Any big
opening shall be box-up with timber plank after the exact location is identified and marked.
n. Concreting

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Concreting for the ground floor columns/ wall and upper floor slab shall be done by pump
mix. Concrete shall be placed for the columns / wall and shall be flow at a constant rate and
controlled height. Once the vertical members are properly cast, concreting is done to the slab
as per the raft slab.
o. Removal of formworks
The next day allows the formworks to be removed upon concrete reaching 12 N/mm 2 or as
per the codes the props are left under slab when the vertical and horizontal forms are
removed. This will allow faster cycle of construction.
Erection of upper floor walls and slabs can then proceed as per the floor below the next day.
Once the props are removed architectural and MEP work can then start to commence.
The removal of the props will be done once the work has reached 2 cycles.
p. Structural Steel Works
Structural steel frame shall be erected from one end while the installation skids and pipe racks
commence on the other end. For safety reasons, one activity will stop when they meet at one
point. This will speed up the construction works. Such sequence will be outlined in detailed
prior to starting the works. Detailed method statement shall be supplied upon request prior to
construction works for Client's review. Structural steel erection shall involve:
a. Installation of hold-down bolts
b. Erection of vertical members
c. Levelling and Grouting of base plate
d. Erection of main frame
e. Installation of braced members
f. Installation of purloins and side rails
g. Fixing of roof and cladding
h. Installation of crane including corbels and crane beams
i. Painting of the steel elements

21. Sub-Contractors

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The Sub contractors will be managed based on the following principles:

a. The Project Office will effectively support the needs of the subcontractors.
b. Effective channel of communications will be clearly defined and established.
c. A Statement of Work will be developed jointly with each subcontractor taking responsibility for
the deliverables and services outlined in its area of responsibility.
d. Each subcontractor will have its responsibilities and authorities clearly defined in the Statement
of Work.
e. Each subcontractor will have its deliverables identified and the required content clearly
specified in the Statement of Work. It will also include the critical path.
f. Each contractor will have the services it is responsible for providing clearly defined in the
Statement of Work.
g. All constraints imposed on the subcontractors will be clearly identified in the Statement of
Work, including schedule and budget constraints.
h. Each contractor will have requirements for quality clearly identified in the Statement of Work,
including the requirement to allow independent inspections of materials and processes.
i. All products and services provided by the subcontractors will be subject to the acceptance of
ASRF. Factory Acceptance Tests will be performed by our Engineers.
j. Each subcontract will contain appropriate terms and conditions including corrective actions on
k. Adequate facilities (as agreed) will be provided to meet the needs of the subcontractors we will
enter into a primary agreement with a sub-contractor for the Civil and Structural works.
l. The Construction Phase will be based on the following guiding strategy:
i. The item which requires the longest lead time will be started first.
ii. Construction sequence will follow the process flow of the Plant.
iii. Major works for fabricating of skids, will be carried out at our own workshop and
delivered to site where they will be assembled for installation.
iv. The schedule of parts required will be identified and shipped in to reduce storage time in
the Holding areas.
v. It will be planned to target a section of the individual process to be completed so that the
Testing and Commissioning for the particular bank / section can be started early.
vi. Major equipment required will be sourced from a few established and known suppliers
only. This will provide confidence and assurance on the performance of the equipment.

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m. The construction effort of the project will consist of three distinct phases:
i. The Pre-Construction Planning Phase
ii. The Construction Phase, and
iii. The Post-Construction Completion Phase.
n. During the Pre- Construction Phase the following will be carried out:
i. Constructional review and analysis to evaluate methods and sequence of construction
intended to reduce erection and installation times
ii. Build ability reviews to evaluate contract plans and specifications
iii. Review drawings and specifications to determine actual versus intended design and to
ensure constructability
iv. Prepare a detailed work breakdown structure defining all principal areas of activities and
projected costs
v. Establish the schedule based on the:
• Level at which the work is manageable
• Importance of the level of work to the overall project
• Visibility required for management and control
vi. Conduct preconstruction meetings with the client's representatives
to familiarize them with the specific project requirements
vii. Establish project work rules and working conditions in conformance with appropriate
local labor practices
viii. Prepare organization and flow charts showing communication and reporting networks
ix. Develop a checklist of information to be prepared and disseminated
x. Discuss the construction plan with the client's representatives, including such factors as
permits/licensing, coordination of work, desired operational dates, cash flow
considerations, etc.
xi. Develop a Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) plan to set standards based on
which the quality of work will be measured and controlled. The plan recognizes the
impacts on schedule and cost-effectiveness and balances these with the project's intent
and the client's requirements
xii. Inspect and evaluate plant installation and construction equipment, materials, and

22. Seawater Intake

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Seawater intake is the integral part of the construction works. This part of the works often takes
longer and more challenging than others. The construction of the intake structure shall be outlined
as below
The following measures shall be considered when constructing the deep intake structure:
a. Silt curtain will be installed prior to any dredging / excavation / marine works as protective
barrier to control pollution caused by suspended sediments, such as silt, soil or stone dust.
b. To engage qualified Professionals to design and review the temporary earth retaining structure.
Possible cases of ground heaving and effects to the adjacent structure will be addressed in the
design prior to submission for approval. Close monitoring and supervision shall be done by
qualified engineers / site supervisors during construction to make sure that acceptable limit as
per local requirement for temporary excavation works are followed.
c. Erosion Control Measures (ECM) will be designed and shall be in-place before the construction
start. Compliance to the Professional Engineers designed ECM is a must throughout the
d. Safety shall be observed at all time during any construction activities.
Authority Submission
Prior to the construction of the intake, approval from related agencies shall be obtained for the
permanent works, temporary works and marine works.
Preliminary Works
a. Proposed location and alignment of the Intake Chamber will be set out by licensed
surveyor. This will be done using the approved pre-computation plan. With this setting out,
preliminary preparation works can be carried out.
b. ECM shall be in place to control siltation to nearby drain / sea.
c. Preliminary works also includes instrumentation works that will be carried out in the vicinity
to monitor the ground movement with initial reading taken and submitted to relevant
authority and consultants.
Temporary and RC Construction Sequence
Bore Piling Work
a. Setting out of Bore Piles by licensed surveyor, with bore piles carry out by Bored Piling
b. Unsuitable earth from the boring shall be disposed to approve off-site dumping locations.
No earth shall be directed to sea.

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c. Bore Piles Load Test to be determined by Professional Engineer, to comply with local
Temporary Works (ERSS-Sheet Pilling)
a. Submission of temporary work approved by local authority
b. Setting out of Sheet Piling location by licensed surveyor.
c. Install monitoring instrument prior to sheet piling works and initial readings shall be
recorded before commencing sheet piling works.
d. Partial Removal of rock revetment for Sheet Piles affected by landside location.
e. Sheet Piling Work to commence on the land side first.
f. Sheet Piling Work to commence on the offshore location at a plan date.
g. Upon completion of Sheet Piling Work,
h. Upon approval from Engineer, monitoring instrument will be initialized, before proceeding
with 1st layer excavation work.
i. Excavate to 1st layer strut, and install 1st layer strut / waler
j. Upon approval from Engineer, excavate 2nd layer strut and install 2nd layer waler / strut /
runner beam.
k. Continue to monitor the readings of instrumentation and report to Engineer.
l. Repeat until the last layer of strut is installed.
m. Sufficient temporary pumps will be made available to remove seepage from the sea, if

Typical Temporary Works Plan. (Actual May Vary as per Engineer’s Design)

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n. The construction of RC work and dismantling of strut will follow the following sequences
i. Lean concrete of formation level in preparation for base slab construction work.
ii. Setting out of position of the intake chamber carry out by licensed surveyor.
iii. Hack off bore piles to cut off level.
iv. Install Rebar and formwork, and cast base slab providing wall starter bar.
v. Cast wall kicker.
vi. Dismantle last layer strut/waler after obtaining Engineer's approval.
vii. Erect perimeter wall rebar and formwork, and cast wall in approximately 3m height.
This is followed by casting of internal wall progressively.
viii. Dismantle perimeter wall formwork after concrete gain sufficient strength.

ix. Backfill sand between sheet pile and perimeter wall in layers of approximately 500mm.
Compact each layer of sand prior to backfilling to required height.
x. Item 6 to 9 is repeated until, top slab is cast
xi. Remove Sheet Pile with the approval of Engineer
xii. Reinstate the shoreline to the satisfaction of the relevant authority.

23. Discharge
Outfall structure is half buried into the ground. The construction of the structure shall be as per
other water tank. Open cut with berm shall be utilized around the structure with provision for
working space. Base slab shall be cast followed by the wall to form the finished tank.

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