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Type Samples

Large Sample Size 1a. One Proportion Z-test

One Sample Small Sample Size 1b. One Prop. Binomial Test

Attribute

Proportion Two Samples 2. Two Proportion Z-test

Data

More Than 2

3. Multiple Proportions Chi Square Test

Samples

Variance

4. One Mean Z-test

Known

One Sample

Variance

5. One Mean t-test

Unknown

Variances

6. Two Means Z-test

Known

Assumed

Mean Two Samples 7. Pooled Variances t-test

Equal

Variances Assumed

8. Unequal Variances t-test

Unknown Unequal

Variable

Data

9b. dbar and Sd

More Than 2

10a. F-test ANOVA Toolset

Samples

One Sample 11. Chi Square Test

Variance

Two Samples 12. F-Ratio

One Proportion Z-test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (alpha) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

for inference on one proportion; min{np0,n(1-p0)} ≥ 5

2-sided alternative: -2.5758 2.5758

Less than alternative: -2.3263

Greater than alternative: 2.3263

Enter sample size (n): 30 Click here to go to the Binomial Test bec

Enter standard or test value (p0): 0.2 min{np0,n(1-p0)} < 5 (6)

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 1.0000

Less than alternative: 0.5000

Greater than alternative: 0.5000

Two-sided confidence interval: 0.0119 0.3881

Upper confidence interval: 0.0000 0.3699

Lower confidence interval: 0.0301 1.0000

One Proportion Binomial test Return To

Instructions: Curve

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (alpha) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

for inference on one proportion; min{np0,n(1-p0)} < 5

Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: #VALUE! #VALUE!

Less than alternative: #VALUE!

Greater than alternative: #VALUE!

-4.0000 -2.0000

Note: A value of "#N/A" means that there is no value corresponding the desired

significance level in that tail of the Binomial distribution.

Return To

Enter sample size (n): 20 Click here to go to the Z-test because

Enter standard or test value (p0): 0.05 min{np0,n(1-p0)} >= 5 (1)

P-value:

Two sided alternative: #VALUE!

Less than alternative: #VALUE!

Greater than alternative: #VALUE!

Two-sided confidence interval: 0.0583 0.5598

Upper confidence interval: 0.0000 0.5321

Lower confidence interval: 0.0688 1.0000

Return To Map

Curve Legend

Normal Curve

2-sided alternative

Less than alternative

Greater than alternative

Test statistic

Return To Map

p0)} >= 5 (1)

Two Proportion Z-Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

(for inference on proportion)

2-sided alternative: -2.5758 2.5758

Less than alternative: -2.3263

Greater than alternative: 2.3263

-4.0000 -2.000

Enter first sample size (n1): 50

Enter second sample number of events (D2): 3

Enter second sample size (n2): 50

Second sample proportion (p-hat2): 0.0600

General p-hat: 0.2300

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.00005

Less than alternative: 0.99997

Greater than alternative: 0.00003

Two-sided confidence interval: 0.1417 0.5383

Upper confidence interval: -1.0000 0.5191

Lower confidence interval: 0.1609 1.0000

Multiple Proportions Chi-Square Test

Instructions:

1) Enter data in gold-highlighted cells (use at least 2 populations):

2) Interpret output from grey-highlighted cells:

3) The Marascuilo procedure will appear below to allow you to make all possible pairwise

comparisons among the proportions ONLY if the test is significant.

4) Do not unprotect this sheet as any changes will likely cause errors.

NOTE: A particular difference is statistically significant if it exceeds the critical value. In some cases, even though the overall null hypothesis of

equality is rejected, there may not be enough data to conclude any particular difference is significant

Location defectives non defectives defectives non defectives Total

1 7.00 93.00 8.25 91.75 100.00 Please enter at

2 6.00 94.00 8.25 91.75 100.00 least 2 populations

3 12.00 88.00 8.25 91.75 100.00

4 8.00 92.00 8.25 91.75 100.00

Degrees of freedom = 3

Chi-Square test statistic value = 2.7413

Chi-Square p-value = 0.4333 0

Location proportions i j |pi-pj| Critical value

1 0.07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

2 0.06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

3 0.12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

4 0.08 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

st Return To Map

nificant

least 2 populations

Significant? Std Error δij = pi-pj dij = pi + pj - δij2 Chi square crit Lower Upper

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

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#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

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#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!

One Mean Z-Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

(for inference on mean, variance known)

2-sided alternative: -1.960 1.960

Less than alternative: -1.645

Greater than alternative: 1.645

-4.0000-3.0000-2.

Enter standard or test value (m 0): 15

Enter population standard deviation (σ): 0.8

Enter sample size (n): 25

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.0608

Less than alternative: 0.0304

Greater than alternative: 0.9696

Two-sided confidence interval: 14.3864 15.0136

Upper confidence interval: -∞ 14.9632

Lower confidence interval: 14.4368 +∞

One Mean t-Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

T Distribution Calculator

(for inference on mean, variance unknown)

Enter sample size (n): 25

2-sided alternative: -2.064 2.064

Less than alternative: -1.711

Greater than alternative: 1.711

-4.0000-3.0000-2

Enter standard or test value (m0): 15

Enter sample standard deviation (s): 0.8

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.0730

Less than alternative: 0.0365

Greater than alternative: 0.9635

Two-sided confidence interval: 14.3698 15.0302

Upper confidence interval: -∞ 14.9737

Lower confidence interval: 14.4263 +∞

Two Means Z-Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p 0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p 0):

(for comparison of means, variances known)

2-sided alternative: -1.645 1.645

Less than alternative: -1.282

Greater than alternative: 1.282

-4.0000-3.0000-

Enter second sample mean (y-bar2): 2475

Enter difference of interest (D0): 0

Enter population 1 standard deviation (s1): 500

Enter population 2 standard deviation (s2): 500

Enter sample size 1 (n1): 30

Enter sample size 2 (n2): 30

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.0814

Less than alternative: 0.0407

Greater than alternative: 0.9593

Two-sided confidence interval: -437.3497 -12.6503

Upper confidence interval: -∞ -59.5524

Lower confidence interval: -390.4476 +∞

This test is also called: Pooled Variances Test, Two Means t-Test (Equal Variances), Independent Samples t-test (Po

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

(for comparison of means, variances unknown but equal)

Enter sample size 1 (n1): 10

Enter sample size 2 (n2): 10

2-sided alternative: -2.8784 2.8784

Less than alternative: -2.5524

Greater than alternative: 2.5524

-4.0000 -2.00

Enter second sample mean (y-bar2): 22

Enter difference of interest (D 0): 0

Enter sample 1 standard deviation (S1): 5.1

Enter sample 2 standard deviation (S2): 3.3

Test Statistic (t0): 4.6852

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.0002

Less than alternative: 0.9999

Greater than alternative: 0.0001

Two-sided confidence interval: 3.4707 14.5293

Upper confidence interval: -∞ 13.9030

Lower confidence interval: 4.0970 +∞

This test is also called: 2 Samples t-test, Unpooled Variances t-test, Two Means t-Test (Unequal Variances), Independe

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

(for comparison of means, variances unknown and unequal)

Enter sample size 1 (n1): 30

Enter sample size 2 (n2): 30

Enter first sample mean (y-bar1): 16.733

Enter second sample mean (y-bar2): 18.7

Enter difference of interest (D 0): 0

Enter sample standard deviation (S1): 28.202

Enter sample standard deviation (S2): 20.424

Cut-off values for: -4.0000-3.0000-2.

2-sided alternative: -2.0066 2.0066

Less than alternative: -1.6747

Greater than alternative: 1.6747

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.7583

Less than alternative: 0.3791

Greater than alternative: 0.6209

Two-sided confidence interval: -14.7240 10.7900

Upper confidence interval: -∞ 8.6797

Lower confidence interval: -12.6137 +∞

This test is also called: One Mean t-Test (Paired Samples)

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

(for comparison of means, paired or matched data)

Enter sample size (# of matched pairs): 12

2-sided alternative: -1.796 1.796

Less than alternative: -1.363

Greater than alternative: 1.363

-4.0000-3.0000-

Enter sample mean difference (dbar): -0.8333

Enter sample standard deviation (Sd): 1.5859

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.0960

Less than alternative: 0.0480

Greater than alternative: 0.9520

Two-sided confidence interval: -1.6555 -0.0111

Upper confidence interval: -∞ -0.2091

Lower confidence interval: -1.4575 +∞

Statistics for the Paired t-Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain sample mean and standard deviation, enter the

requested information in the gold cells.

2) The output can then be used in the Paired t test calculator

for your hypothesis test.

3) Alternative Method: Use the STDEV worksheet function

to calculate the Standard Deviation. See Excel HELP for

guidance.

Pair Before After d d^2

1 5 7 -2 4

2 9 7 2 4

3 7 6 1 1

4 8 9 -1 1

5 6 8 -2 4

6 8 9 -1 1

7 5 5 0 0

8 7 6 1 1

9 6 9 -3 9

10 4 7 -3 9

11 5 6 -1 1

12 7 8 -1 1

13

This test is also called: Multiple Independent Samples ANOVA

Instructions:

1) Enter data in gold-highlighted cells:

2) Interpret output from grey-highlighted cells:

3) If the number of treatments or methods is different than number

shown, add a row in the middle of the array.

4) The 95% and 99% confidence interval graphs are provided on the right.

5) This procedure tests the null hypothesis H0 : µ1 = µ2 = ….. = µk (where k = number of groups)

against the alternative H1: At least one µi is different from the others.

Observation A B C D E Variance variance

1 27.0 26.0 29.5

2 31.0 33.0 25.0

3 28.5 26.5 28.5

4 26.0 27.5 25.5

5 27.5 29.0 24.0

6 29.0 27.5 27.5

7 33.0 26.5 28.0

8 35.0 27.0 26.0

9 28.0 28.0 25.5

10 29.0 32.0 26.5

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

Mean (Y-bar) 29.4 28.3 26.6 1.9900

Variance (s2) 7.9 5.7 3.0 5.5148

Sample size per

Treatment (n) = 10

Number of

Treatments = 3

DFn = 2

DFd = 27

F-Ratio = 3.61

F p-value = 0.041

Critical F-value = 3.354

You can test this assumption using Worksheet 10c:

Homogeneity of Variance

Note: If the confidence interval for any given pair of means contains zero, the pair of means are not significantly different.

If it does not contain zero, the pair of means are significantly different.

Treatment Pairs

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5)

Upper #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Lower #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Mean 1.1 2.8 1.7

Return To Map

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

to manually

resize the scale -2.0

to optimize

display (double- -4.0

click on scale).

-6.0

-8.0

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)

Treatment Pairs

Treatment Pairs

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5)

Upper #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Lower #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Mean 1.1 2.8 1.7

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

-2.0

-4.0

-6.0

-8.0

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)

Treatment Pairs

not significantly different.

q(0.95,r,df)

(4,5) #VALUE!

i ni

1 10

2 10

3 10

4

5

q(0.99,r,df)

(4,5) #VALUE!

This test is also called: Multiple Related Samples (Blocked) ANOVA

Instructions:

1) Enter the treatment and blocking variable names in row 29

2) Enter data in gold-highlighted cells

3) If the levels of treatment or blocking variable is greater than the number

shown, add a row/column in the middle of the array. If adding

a row/column, copy formulas from adjoining row/column.

4) Interpret output from grey-highlighted cells:

5) The 95% and 99% confidence interval graphs after blocking are provided to the right.

6) This procedure tests the null hypothesis H0 : µ1 = µ2 = ….. = µk (where k = number of treatments)

against the alternative H1: At least one µi is different from the others.

Treatments 1 2 3 4 Treatments Treatments Return To Map

Mean Variance

1 21.6 39.6 66.6 119.7 61.9 1828.103

2 30.0 64.8 72.3 135.9 75.8 1947.630

3 76.8 108.6 133.8 239.1 139.6 4946.243

4 45.6 90.0 98.7 163.5 99.5 2364.030

5 99.0 144.3 158.1 272.4 168.5 5439.750

Mean 54.6 89.5 105.9 186.1 109.0 3305.151

Difference From

Overall Mean -54.4 -19.6 -3.1 77.1

Variance Of

Means 1971.7

Number of treatments = 5 Number of blocks (n)= 4

DFd = 15

F p-value = 0.097

F Value @ 0.05 = 3.056

F Value @ 0.01 = 4.893

After Blocking

Blocks Within Within

Treatments 1 2 3 4 Treatments Treatments

Mean Variance

1 76.0 59.2 69.7 42.6 61.9 213.507

2 84.4 84.4 75.4 58.8 75.8 145.571

3 131.2 128.2 136.9 162.0 139.6 236.679

4 100.0 109.6 101.8 86.4 99.5 92.819

5 153.4 163.9 161.2 195.3 168.5 340.055

Mean 109.0 109.0 109.0 109.0 109.0 257.158

Difference From

Overall Mean 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Variance Of

Means 1971.7

DFd = 12

F p-value = < 0.001

F Value @ 0.05 = 3.259

F Value @ 0.01 = 5.412

You can test this assumption using Worksheet 10c:

Homogeneity of Variance

Note: If the confidence interval for any given pair of means contains zero, then the means

If it does not contain zero, the pair of means are significantly different.

Treatment Pairs

ed to the right. (1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3)

k = number of treatments) Upper -5.9 -69.7 -29.6 -98.6 -55.8

Lower -21.9 -85.7 -45.6 -114.6 -71.8

Mean -13.9 -77.7 -37.6 -106.6 -63.8

Return To Map

95% Confidence Intervals of Pairwise Differences

60.0

40.0

20.0

0.0

-20.0

-40.0

-60.0

-80.0

-100.0

Compare to F-Value for -120.0

selected confidence level.

-140.0

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)

Methods

Treatment Pairs

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3)

Upper #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Lower #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Mean -13.9 -77.7 -37.6 -106.6 -63.8

Compare to F-Value for

60.0

selected confidence level.

40.0

20.0

0.0

-20.0

-40.0

-60.0

-80.0

-100.0

-120.0

(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)

Methods

ns contains zero, then the means in the pair are not significantly different.

gnificantly different.

(2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5) 1

-15.7 -84.7 48.1 -20.9 -61.0

-31.7 -100.7 32.1 -36.9 -77.0

-23.7 -92.7 40.1 -28.9 -69.0

ise Differences

(2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5) #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

-23.7 -92.7 40.1 -28.9 -69.0

r Methods

This test is also called: Multiple Variances Levene Modified Test

Treatment Treatment Treatment

Observation A (Y1) B (Y2) C (Y3) |Y1-MED(Y1)| |Y2-MED(Y2)| |Y3-MED(Y3)|

1 27.0 26.0 29.5 1.8 1.5 3.3

2 31.0 33.0 25.0 2.3 5.5 1.3

3 28.5 26.5 28.5 0.3 1.0 2.3

4 26.0 27.5 25.5 2.8 0.0 0.8

5 27.5 29.0 24.0 1.3 1.5 2.3

6 29.0 27.5 27.5 0.3 0.0 1.3

7 33.0 26.5 28.0 4.3 1.0 1.8

8 35.0 27.0 26.0 6.3 0.5 0.3

9 28.0 28.0 25.5 0.8 0.5 0.8

10 29.0 32.0 26.5 0.3 4.5 0.3

11

12

13

14

15

Mean (Y-bar) 2.0 1.6 1.4

Variance (s2) 3.9 3.5 0.9

number of treatments = 3

number of observations/treatment = 10

F-Ratio = 0.33 compare to F critical value @ alpha = 3.35

p-value = 0.7193 compare to alpha

Between Mean Pooled

Variance Variance

0.09

2.80

Return To Map

This test is also called: One Variance Chi-Square Test

Chi-Square Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

Chi-Square Calculator

(for inference on variance)

Enter sample size (n): 25

2-sided alternative: 12.4012 39.3641

Less than alternative: 13.8484

Greater than alternative: 36.4150

0.0000 10.0000

Enter standard or test value (s 0 2): 1.8

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.3273

Less than alternative: 0.8364

Greater than alternative: 0.1636

Two sided confidence interval: 1.4023 4.4512

Upper confidence interval: 0.0000 3.9860

Lower confidence interval: 1.5159 +∞

This test is also called: Two Variances F-Test

F-Ratio Test

Instructions:

1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,

enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:

2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,

enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:

3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.

The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence

interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):

Less-than Alternative (p < p0):

Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

F-Ratio Calculator

(for comparison of variances from two Normal populations)

Enter first sample size (n1): 50

Enter second sample size (n2): 50

2-sided alternative: 0.4733 2.1130

Less than alternative: 0.5095

Greater than alternative: 1.9626

0.0000 5.0

Enter first sample variance (S21): 29

Enter second sample variance (S22): 22

P-value:

Two sided alternative: 0.3368

Less than alternative: 0.8316

Greater than alternative: 0.1684

Two sided confidence interval: 0.6238 2.7854

Upper confidence interval: 0 2.5871

Lower confidence interval: 0.6717 ∞

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