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# Data Number of

## Parameter Conditions Click For The Test Template

Type Samples
Large Sample Size 1a. One Proportion Z-test
One Sample Small Sample Size 1b. One Prop. Binomial Test
Attribute
Proportion Two Samples 2. Two Proportion Z-test
Data
More Than 2
3. Multiple Proportions Chi Square Test
Samples
Variance
4. One Mean Z-test
Known
One Sample
Variance
5. One Mean t-test
Unknown
Variances
6. Two Means Z-test
Known
Assumed
Mean Two Samples 7. Pooled Variances t-test
Equal
Variances Assumed
8. Unequal Variances t-test
Unknown Unequal

## Paired Data 9a. Paired Samples t-test

Variable
Data
9b. dbar and Sd

More Than 2
10a. F-test ANOVA Toolset
Samples

## 10c. Homogeneity of Variance

One Sample 11. Chi Square Test
Variance
Two Samples 12. F-Ratio

One Proportion Z-test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (alpha) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Normal Probability Calculator

for inference on one proportion; min{np0,n(1-p0)} ≥ 5

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -2.5758 2.5758
Less than alternative: -2.3263
Greater than alternative: 2.3263

## Enter sample number of events (D): 6

Enter sample size (n): 30 Click here to go to the Binomial Test bec
Enter standard or test value (p0): 0.2 min{np0,n(1-p0)} < 5 (6)

## Test Statistic (Z0): 0.0000

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 1.0000
Less than alternative: 0.5000
Greater than alternative: 0.5000

## Confidence Interval for p:

Two-sided confidence interval: 0.0119 0.3881
Upper confidence interval: 0.0000 0.3699
Lower confidence interval: 0.0301 1.0000

Instructions: Curve
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (alpha) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Binomial Probability Calculator

for inference on one proportion; min{np0,n(1-p0)} < 5

## Enter desired significance level (a ): 0.01

Cut-off values for:
2-sided alternative: #VALUE! #VALUE!
Less than alternative: #VALUE!
Greater than alternative: #VALUE!
-4.0000 -2.0000
Note: A value of "#N/A" means that there is no value corresponding the desired
significance level in that tail of the Binomial distribution.

## Enter sample number of events (D): 5

Enter sample size (n): 20 Click here to go to the Z-test because
Enter standard or test value (p0): 0.05 min{np0,n(1-p0)} >= 5 (1)

## Test Statistic (D): 5.0000

P-value:
Two sided alternative: #VALUE!
Less than alternative: #VALUE!
Greater than alternative: #VALUE!

## Confidence Interval for p:

Two-sided confidence interval: 0.0583 0.5598
Upper confidence interval: 0.0000 0.5321
Lower confidence interval: 0.0688 1.0000

Curve Legend
Normal Curve
2-sided alternative
Less than alternative
Greater than alternative
Test statistic

## go to the Z-test because

p0)} >= 5 (1)
Two Proportion Z-Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Normal Probability Calculator

(for inference on proportion)

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -2.5758 2.5758
Less than alternative: -2.3263
Greater than alternative: 2.3263
-4.0000 -2.000

## Enter first sample number of events (D1): 20

Enter first sample size (n1): 50
Enter second sample number of events (D2): 3
Enter second sample size (n2): 50

## First sample proportion (p-hat1): 0.4000

Second sample proportion (p-hat2): 0.0600
General p-hat: 0.2300

## Test Statistic (Z0): 4.0396

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.00005
Less than alternative: 0.99997
Greater than alternative: 0.00003

## Confidence Interval for p1-p2:

Two-sided confidence interval: 0.1417 0.5383
Upper confidence interval: -1.0000 0.5191
Lower confidence interval: 0.1609 1.0000

Multiple Proportions Chi-Square Test
Instructions:
1) Enter data in gold-highlighted cells (use at least 2 populations):
2) Interpret output from grey-highlighted cells:
3) The Marascuilo procedure will appear below to allow you to make all possible pairwise
comparisons among the proportions ONLY if the test is significant.
4) Do not unprotect this sheet as any changes will likely cause errors.
NOTE: A particular difference is statistically significant if it exceeds the critical value. In some cases, even though the overall null hypothesis of
equality is rejected, there may not be enough data to conclude any particular difference is significant

## Factor: OBSERVED EXPECTED

Location defectives non defectives defectives non defectives Total
1 7.00 93.00 8.25 91.75 100.00 Please enter at
2 6.00 94.00 8.25 91.75 100.00 least 2 populations
3 12.00 88.00 8.25 91.75 100.00
4 8.00 92.00 8.25 91.75 100.00

## Pooled proportion p = 0.08

Degrees of freedom = 3

## Critical Chi-Square value = 6.2514

Chi-Square test statistic value = 2.7413
Chi-Square p-value = 0.4333 0

## Estimated Pair (i,j)

Location proportions i j |pi-pj| Critical value
1 0.07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 0.06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 0.12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 0.08 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
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## cases, even though the overall null hypothesis of

nificant

least 2 populations

Significant? Std Error δij = pi-pj dij = pi + pj - δij2 Chi square crit Lower Upper
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5.7311392819 #VALUE! #VALUE!
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One Mean Z-Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Normal Probability Calculator

(for inference on mean, variance known)

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -1.960 1.960
Less than alternative: -1.645
Greater than alternative: 1.645
-4.0000-3.0000-2.

## Enter sample mean (y-bar): 14.7

Enter standard or test value (m 0): 15
Enter population standard deviation (σ): 0.8
Enter sample size (n): 25

## Test Statistic (Z0): -1.8750

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.0608
Less than alternative: 0.0304
Greater than alternative: 0.9696

## Confidence Interval for µ:

Two-sided confidence interval: 14.3864 15.0136
Upper confidence interval: -∞ 14.9632
Lower confidence interval: 14.4368 +∞

One Mean t-Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

T Distribution Calculator
(for inference on mean, variance unknown)

## Enter significance level (a ): 0.05

Enter sample size (n): 25

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -2.064 2.064
Less than alternative: -1.711
Greater than alternative: 1.711
-4.0000-3.0000-2

## Enter sample mean (y-bar): 14.7

Enter standard or test value (m0): 15
Enter sample standard deviation (s): 0.8

## Test Statistic: -1.8750

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.0730
Less than alternative: 0.0365
Greater than alternative: 0.9635

## Confidence Interval for mean µ:

Two-sided confidence interval: 14.3698 15.0302
Upper confidence interval: -∞ 14.9737
Lower confidence interval: 14.4263 +∞

Two Means Z-Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p 0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p 0):

## Normal Probability Calculator

(for comparison of means, variances known)

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -1.645 1.645
Less than alternative: -1.282
Greater than alternative: 1.282
-4.0000-3.0000-

## Enter first sample mean (y-bar1): 2250

Enter second sample mean (y-bar2): 2475
Enter difference of interest (D0): 0
Enter population 1 standard deviation (s1): 500
Enter population 2 standard deviation (s2): 500
Enter sample size 1 (n1): 30
Enter sample size 2 (n2): 30

## Test Statistic (Z0): -1.743

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.0814
Less than alternative: 0.0407
Greater than alternative: 0.9593

## Confidence Interval for µ1-µ2 = Δ0:

Two-sided confidence interval: -437.3497 -12.6503
Upper confidence interval: -∞ -59.5524
Lower confidence interval: -390.4476 +∞

This test is also called: Pooled Variances Test, Two Means t-Test (Equal Variances), Independent Samples t-test (Po

## Pooled Variances t-Test

Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Pooled Variances t-Test Calculator

(for comparison of means, variances unknown but equal)

## Enter significance level (a ): 0.01

Enter sample size 1 (n1): 10
Enter sample size 2 (n2): 10

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -2.8784 2.8784
Less than alternative: -2.5524
Greater than alternative: 2.5524
-4.0000 -2.00

## Enter first sample mean (y-bar1): 31

Enter second sample mean (y-bar2): 22
Enter difference of interest (D 0): 0
Enter sample 1 standard deviation (S1): 5.1
Enter sample 2 standard deviation (S2): 3.3

## Pooled estimate of standard deviation (S p): 4.2953

Test Statistic (t0): 4.6852

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.0002
Less than alternative: 0.9999
Greater than alternative: 0.0001

## Confidence Interval for µ1-µ2 = Δ0:

Two-sided confidence interval: 3.4707 14.5293
Upper confidence interval: -∞ 13.9030
Lower confidence interval: 4.0970 +∞

This test is also called: 2 Samples t-test, Unpooled Variances t-test, Two Means t-Test (Unequal Variances), Independe

## Unequal Variances t-Test

Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Unequal Variances t-Test

(for comparison of means, variances unknown and unequal)

## Enter significance level (a ): 0.05

Enter sample size 1 (n1): 30
Enter sample size 2 (n2): 30
Enter first sample mean (y-bar1): 16.733
Enter second sample mean (y-bar2): 18.7
Enter difference of interest (D 0): 0
Enter sample standard deviation (S1): 28.202
Enter sample standard deviation (S2): 20.424

## Degrees of freedom: 52.00

Cut-off values for: -4.0000-3.0000-2.
2-sided alternative: -2.0066 2.0066
Less than alternative: -1.6747
Greater than alternative: 1.6747

## Test Statistic (t0): -0.3094

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.7583
Less than alternative: 0.3791
Greater than alternative: 0.6209

## Confidence Interval for µ1-µ2 = Δ0:

Two-sided confidence interval: -14.7240 10.7900
Upper confidence interval: -∞ 8.6797
Lower confidence interval: -12.6137 +∞

This test is also called: One Mean t-Test (Paired Samples)

## Paired Samples t-Test

Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

## Paired Samples t Test Calculator

(for comparison of means, paired or matched data)

## Enter significance level (a ): 0.1

Enter sample size (# of matched pairs): 12

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: -1.796 1.796
Less than alternative: -1.363
Greater than alternative: 1.363
-4.0000-3.0000-

## Enter difference of interest (D 0): 0

Enter sample mean difference (dbar): -0.8333
Enter sample standard deviation (Sd): 1.5859

## Test Statistic (t0): -1.8202

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.0960
Less than alternative: 0.0480
Greater than alternative: 0.9520

## Confidence Interval for µd:

Two-sided confidence interval: -1.6555 -0.0111
Upper confidence interval: -∞ -0.2091
Lower confidence interval: -1.4575 +∞

Statistics for the Paired t-Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain sample mean and standard deviation, enter the
requested information in the gold cells.
2) The output can then be used in the Paired t test calculator
3) Alternative Method: Use the STDEV worksheet function
to calculate the Standard Deviation. See Excel HELP for
guidance.

## d-bar and Sd Calculator

Pair Before After d d^2
1 5 7 -2 4
2 9 7 2 4
3 7 6 1 1
4 8 9 -1 1
5 6 8 -2 4
6 8 9 -1 1
7 5 5 0 0
8 7 6 1 1
9 6 9 -3 9
10 4 7 -3 9
11 5 6 -1 1
12 7 8 -1 1
13

This test is also called: Multiple Independent Samples ANOVA

## ANOVA - Comparison of Multiple Treatments

Instructions:
1) Enter data in gold-highlighted cells:
2) Interpret output from grey-highlighted cells:
3) If the number of treatments or methods is different than number
shown, add a row in the middle of the array.
4) The 95% and 99% confidence interval graphs are provided on the right.
5) This procedure tests the null hypothesis H0 : µ1 = µ2 = ….. = µk (where k = number of groups)
against the alternative H1: At least one µi is different from the others.

## Treatment Treatment Treatment Treatment Treatment Between Trtmnt Within Trtmnt

Observation A B C D E Variance variance
1 27.0 26.0 29.5
2 31.0 33.0 25.0
3 28.5 26.5 28.5
4 26.0 27.5 25.5
5 27.5 29.0 24.0
6 29.0 27.5 27.5
7 33.0 26.5 28.0
8 35.0 27.0 26.0
9 28.0 28.0 25.5
10 29.0 32.0 26.5
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Mean (Y-bar) 29.4 28.3 26.6 1.9900
Variance (s2) 7.9 5.7 3.0 5.5148
Sample size per
Treatment (n) = 10
Number of
Treatments = 3
DFn = 2
DFd = 27

F-Ratio = 3.61
F p-value = 0.041

## Significance level (α) = 0.05

Critical F-value = 3.354

## Note: ANOVA assumes equal variances across treatments.

You can test this assumption using Worksheet 10c:
Homogeneity of Variance

Note: If the confidence interval for any given pair of means contains zero, the pair of means are not significantly different.
If it does not contain zero, the pair of means are significantly different.

## 95% CI for Pairwise Differences of Treatment Means:

Treatment Pairs
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5)
Upper #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Lower #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Mean 1.1 2.8 1.7

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

## You may need 0.0

to manually
resize the scale -2.0
to optimize
display (double- -4.0
click on scale).
-6.0

-8.0
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)
Treatment Pairs

## 99% CI for Pairwise Differences of Treatment Means:

Treatment Pairs
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5)
Upper #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Lower #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Mean 1.1 2.8 1.7

## 99% Confidence Intervals of Pairwise Differences

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

-2.0

-4.0

-6.0

-8.0
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)
Treatment Pairs

not significantly different.

q(0.95,r,df)
(4,5) #VALUE!

i ni
1 10
2 10
3 10
4
5

q(0.99,r,df)
(4,5) #VALUE!

This test is also called: Multiple Related Samples (Blocked) ANOVA

## ANOVA (F-Test) With Blocking

Instructions:
1) Enter the treatment and blocking variable names in row 29
2) Enter data in gold-highlighted cells
3) If the levels of treatment or blocking variable is greater than the number
shown, add a row/column in the middle of the array. If adding
a row/column, copy formulas from adjoining row/column.
4) Interpret output from grey-highlighted cells:
5) The 95% and 99% confidence interval graphs after blocking are provided to the right.
6) This procedure tests the null hypothesis H0 : µ1 = µ2 = ….. = µk (where k = number of treatments)
against the alternative H1: At least one µi is different from the others.

## Blocks Within Within

Mean Variance
1 21.6 39.6 66.6 119.7 61.9 1828.103
2 30.0 64.8 72.3 135.9 75.8 1947.630
3 76.8 108.6 133.8 239.1 139.6 4946.243
4 45.6 90.0 98.7 163.5 99.5 2364.030
5 99.0 144.3 158.1 272.4 168.5 5439.750
Mean 54.6 89.5 105.9 186.1 109.0 3305.151
Difference From
Overall Mean -54.4 -19.6 -3.1 77.1
Variance Of
Means 1971.7

## Treatment variable = Treatments Blocking variable = Blocks

Number of treatments = 5 Number of blocks (n)= 4

## DFn = 4 Test Statistic (F0) = 2.386

DFd = 15
F p-value = 0.097
F Value @ 0.05 = 3.056
F Value @ 0.01 = 4.893

After Blocking
Blocks Within Within
Treatments 1 2 3 4 Treatments Treatments
Mean Variance
1 76.0 59.2 69.7 42.6 61.9 213.507
2 84.4 84.4 75.4 58.8 75.8 145.571
3 131.2 128.2 136.9 162.0 139.6 236.679
4 100.0 109.6 101.8 86.4 99.5 92.819
5 153.4 163.9 161.2 195.3 168.5 340.055
Mean 109.0 109.0 109.0 109.0 109.0 257.158
Difference From
Overall Mean 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Variance Of
Means 1971.7

## DFn = 4 Test Statistic (F0) = 30.669

DFd = 12
F p-value = < 0.001
F Value @ 0.05 = 3.259
F Value @ 0.01 = 5.412

## Note: ANOVA assumes equal variances across treatments.

You can test this assumption using Worksheet 10c:
Homogeneity of Variance
Note: If the confidence interval for any given pair of means contains zero, then the means
If it does not contain zero, the pair of means are significantly different.

## 95% CI for Pairwise Differences of Treatment Means:

Treatment Pairs
ed to the right. (1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3)
k = number of treatments) Upper -5.9 -69.7 -29.6 -98.6 -55.8
Lower -21.9 -85.7 -45.6 -114.6 -71.8
Mean -13.9 -77.7 -37.6 -106.6 -63.8

95% Confidence Intervals of Pairwise Differences

60.0
40.0
20.0
0.0
-20.0
-40.0
-60.0
-80.0
-100.0
Compare to F-Value for -120.0
selected confidence level.
-140.0
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)
Methods

## 99% CI for Pairwise Differences of Treatment Means:

Treatment Pairs
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3)
Upper #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Lower #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Mean -13.9 -77.7 -37.6 -106.6 -63.8

## 99% Confidence Intervals for Methods

Compare to F-Value for
60.0
selected confidence level.
40.0

20.0

0.0

-20.0

-40.0

-60.0

-80.0

-100.0

-120.0
(1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)
Methods
ns contains zero, then the means in the pair are not significantly different.
gnificantly different.

## Treatment Pairs q(0.95,r,df)

(2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5) 1
-15.7 -84.7 48.1 -20.9 -61.0
-31.7 -100.7 32.1 -36.9 -77.0
-23.7 -92.7 40.1 -28.9 -69.0

ise Differences

## Treatment Pairs q(0.99,r,df)

(2,4) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5) #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
-23.7 -92.7 40.1 -28.9 -69.0

r Methods

## ) (2,5) (3,4) (3,5) (4,5)

This test is also called: Multiple Variances Levene Modified Test

## Levene's Modified Test for Homogeneity of Variances

Treatment Treatment Treatment
Observation A (Y1) B (Y2) C (Y3) |Y1-MED(Y1)| |Y2-MED(Y2)| |Y3-MED(Y3)|
1 27.0 26.0 29.5 1.8 1.5 3.3
2 31.0 33.0 25.0 2.3 5.5 1.3
3 28.5 26.5 28.5 0.3 1.0 2.3
4 26.0 27.5 25.5 2.8 0.0 0.8
5 27.5 29.0 24.0 1.3 1.5 2.3
6 29.0 27.5 27.5 0.3 0.0 1.3
7 33.0 26.5 28.0 4.3 1.0 1.8
8 35.0 27.0 26.0 6.3 0.5 0.3
9 28.0 28.0 25.5 0.8 0.5 0.8
10 29.0 32.0 26.5 0.3 4.5 0.3
11
12
13
14
15
Mean (Y-bar) 2.0 1.6 1.4
Variance (s2) 3.9 3.5 0.9

number of treatments = 3
number of observations/treatment = 10

## alpha (α) = 0.05

F-Ratio = 0.33 compare to F critical value @ alpha = 3.35
p-value = 0.7193 compare to alpha
Between Mean Pooled
Variance Variance

0.09
2.80

This test is also called: One Variance Chi-Square Test

Chi-Square Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

Chi-Square Calculator
(for inference on variance)

## Enter significance level (α): 0.05

Enter sample size (n): 25

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: 12.4012 39.3641
Less than alternative: 13.8484
Greater than alternative: 36.4150
0.0000 10.0000

## Enter sample variance (S2): 2.3

Enter standard or test value (s 0 2): 1.8

## Test Statistic (Chi-square): 30.6667

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.3273
Less than alternative: 0.8364
Greater than alternative: 0.1636

## Confidence Interval for σ2:

Two sided confidence interval: 1.4023 4.4512
Upper confidence interval: 0.0000 3.9860
Lower confidence interval: 1.5159 +∞

This test is also called: Two Variances F-Test

F-Ratio Test
Instructions:
1) To obtain the critical values (cut-off values) for your test,
enter the desired significance level (a) in the gold cell where noted:
2) To obtain the test statistic, p-value, and confidence interval,
enter the requested information in the gold cells where noted:
3) Choose the output which corresponds to your alternative hypothesis.
The color of that cell will determine which p-value and confidence
interval you will use: 2-Sided Alternative (p ≠ p0):
Less-than Alternative (p < p0):
Greater-than Alternative (p > p0):

F-Ratio Calculator
(for comparison of variances from two Normal populations)

## Enter significance level (a ): 0.01

Enter first sample size (n1): 50
Enter second sample size (n2): 50

## Cut-off values for:

2-sided alternative: 0.4733 2.1130
Less than alternative: 0.5095
Greater than alternative: 1.9626
0.0000 5.0

## Test Statistic, p-value, and Confidence Interval Calculator

Enter first sample variance (S21): 29
Enter second sample variance (S22): 22

## Test Statistic (F0): 1.3182

P-value:
Two sided alternative: 0.3368
Less than alternative: 0.8316
Greater than alternative: 0.1684

## Confidence Interval for σ21/σ22:

Two sided confidence interval: 0.6238 2.7854
Upper confidence interval: 0 2.5871
Lower confidence interval: 0.6717 ∞