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# Forces, Vehicles and Safety

1. A driver travelling in his car at a constant velocity of 8.0 m/s sees a dog walking across the
road 30.0 m ahead. The driver’s reaction time is 0.20 s and the brakes are capable of
producing a deceleration of 1.2 m/s2.
a. Calculate the displacement of the car during the reaction time.
b. Calculate displacement of the car during the time when the brakes were applied.
c. Deduce with reasons whether the car hit the dog.
2. A motorist has a personal reaction time of 1.0 s. if he is travelling at 30 m/s, at what rate must
he be able to decelerate if he is to stop in a distance of 120 m?
3. A car is travelling along a level road at a constant velocity of 12 m/s. the driver sees a
pedestrian unexpectedly cross the road. The reaction time of the driver is 0.70 s. when the
brakes are applied, the car takes 3.0 s to come to a halt. The car decelerates uniformly.
Calculate the total distance travelled by the car from the instant the driver saw the pedestrian.
4. Ima Rilla Saari is cruising at 28 m/s down lake Avenue and through the forest preserve. She
notices a deer jump into the road a location 62.0 m in front of her. Ima first reacts to the
event, then slams on her brakes and accelerates at -8.10 m/s2, and ultimately stops a picometer
in front of the frozen deer. What is ima’s reaction time? (i.e,. how long did it take Ima to react
to the prior to decelerating?)
5. A car is travelling at constant velocity of 15 m/s on a level road. The driver sees a child
stepping onto the road, 50 m ahead. The driver takes 0.50 s to react before applying the
brakes. The brakes decelerate the car at 6.0 m/s2. Calculate how far the car stops from where
the child stepped onto the road.
6. A car is travelling at a velocity of 30 m/s on a level and straight road. The driver applies the
brakes. The total stopping distance for the car is 90 m. The reaction time of the driver is 0.60
s.
a. Calculate the thingking distance
b. Calculate the time for which the brakes are applied.
7. a
a. explain what is meant by the stopping distance of a car.
b. What are the factors that increase the thinking distance when stopping a car?
8. A car is travelling along a straight level road at 15 m/s. at this speed, the braking distance of
the car is 50 m. what is the braking distance of the car when its speed on the same road is 20
m/s? you may assume that the deceleration of the car remains the same.
9. A van driver, making an emergency stop from a speed of 18 m/s, requires a thinking distance
of 12 m and a braking distance of 22 m.
i. The reaction time of the driver,
ii. The average deceleration of the van during braking.
b. The same van, with the same driver, is following a car on a motorway. Both vehicles are
travelling at 30 m/s, and the distance between the front of the van and the rear of the car is
15 m. determine, using a suitable calculation, whether or not the van will collide with the
car if the car driver makes an emergency stop. Assume that the decelerations of the car
and the van under braking are equal.
10. A car is travelling at a constant velocity of 20 m/s. the driver of the car sees a pedestrian
unexpectedly step onto the road. The driver applies the brakes and stops the car. The diagram
shows how the velocity v of the car changes with time t from the instans the driver sees the