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Laminations of core are generally made of (b) solid connection Ans: a

(a) case iron (c) slip rings 43. Magnetic field in a D.C. generator is produced by
(b) carbon (d) none of above (a) electromagnets
(c) silicon steel Ans: a (b) permanent magnets
(d) stainless steel 23. Brushes of D.C. machines are made of (c) both (a) and (b)
Ans: c (a) carbon (d) none of the above
(b) soft copper Ans: a
(c) hard copper 44. The number of brushes in a commutator depends on
2. Which of the following could be lamina-proximately the thickness of lamina-
(d) all of above (a) speed of armature
tions of a D.C. machine ?
Ans: a (b) type of winding
(a) 0.005 mm
24. If B is the flux density, I the length of conductor and v the velocity of conductor, (c) voltage
(b) 0.05 mm
then induced e.m.f. is given by (d) amount of current to be collected
(c) 0.5 m
(a)Blv Ans: d
(d) 5 m
(b)Blv2 45. Compensating windings are used in D.C. generators
Ans: c
(c)Bl2v (a) mainly to reduce the eddy currents by providing local short-circuits
(d)Bl2v2 (b) to provide path for the circulation of cooling air
3. The armature of D.C. generator is laminated to Ans: a (c) to neutralise the cross-magnetising effect of the armature reaction
(a) reduce the bulk 25. In case of a 4-pole D.C. generator provided with a two layer lap winding with (d) none of the above
(b) provide the bulk sixteen coils, the pole pitch will be Ans: c
(c) insulate the core (a) 4
(d) reduce eddy current loss (b) 8 46. Which of the following components of a D.C, generator plays vital role for providing
Ans: d (c) 16 direct current of a D.C. generator ?
4. The resistance of armature winding depends on (d) 32 (a) Dummy coils
(a) length of conductor Ans: b (b) Commutator
(b) cross-sectional area of the conductor 26. The material for commutator brushes is generally (c) Eye bolt
(c) number of conductors (a) mica (d) Equilizer rings
(d) all of the above (b) copper Ans: b
Ans: d (c) cast iron
5. The field coils of D.C. generator are usually made of (d) carbon 47. In a D.C. generator the ripples in the direct e.m.f. generated are reduced by
(a) mica Ans: d (a) using conductor of annealed copper
(b) copper 27. The insulating material used between the commutator segments is normally (b) using commutator with large number of segments
(c) cast iron (a) graphite (c) using carbon brushes of superior quality
(d) carbon (b) paper (d) using equiliser rings
Ans: b (c) mica Ans: c
6. The commutator segments are connected to the armature conductors by means of (d) insulating varnish 48. In D.C. generators, lap winding is used for
(a) copper lugs Ans: c (a) high voltage, high current
(b) resistance wires 28. In D.C. generators, the brushes on commutator remain in contact with conductors (b) low voltage, high current
(c) insulation pads which (c) high voltage, low current
(d) brazing (a) lie under south pole (d) low voltage, low current
Ans: a (b) lie under north pole Ans: b
7. In a commutator (c) lie under interpolar region 49. Two generators A and B have 6-poles each. Generator A has wave wound armature
(a) copper is harder than mica (d) are farthest from the poles while generator B has lap wound armature. The ratio of the induced e.m.f. is generator
(b) mica and copper are equally hard Ans: c A and B will be
(c) mica is harder than copper 29. If brushes of a D.C. generator are moved in order to bring these brushes in (a) 2 : 3
(d) none of the above magnetic neutral axis, there will be (b) 3 : 1
Ans: c (a) demagnetisation only (c) 3 : 2
8. In D.C. generators the pole shoes are fastened to the pole core by (b) cross magnetisation as well as magnetisation (d) 1 : 3
(a) rivets (c) crossmagnetisation as well as demagnetising Ans: b
(b) counter sunk screws (d) cross magnetisation only 50. The voltage drop for which of the following types of brush can be expected to be
(c) brazing Ans: c least ?
(d) welding 30. Armature reaction of an unsaturated D.C. machine is (a) Graphite brushes
Ans: b (a) crossmagnetising (b) Carbon brushes
9. According to Fleming's right-hand rule for finding the direction of induced e.m.f., (b) demagnetising (c) Metal graphite brushes
when middle finger points in the direction of induced e.m.f., forefinger will point in the (c) magnetising (d) None of the above
direction of (d) none of above Ans: c
(a) motion of conductor Ans: a 51. The e.m.f. generated by a shunt wound D.C. generator isE. Now while pole flux
(b) lines of force 31. D.C. generators are connected to the busbars or disconnected from them only remains constant, if the speed of the generator is doubled, the e.m.f. generated will be
(c) either of the above under the floating condition (a) E/2
(d) none of the above (a) to avoid sudden loading of the primemover (b) 2E
Ans: b (b) to avoid mechanicaljerk to the shaft (c) slightly less than E
10. Fleming's right-hand rule regarding direction of induced e.m.f., correlates (c) to avoid burning of switch contacts (d) E
(a) magnetic flux, direction of current flow and resultant force (d) all above Ans: b
(b) magnetic flux, direction of motion and the direction of e.m.f. induced Ans: d
(c) magnetic field strength, induced voltage and current 32. Eddy currents are induced in the pole shoes of a D.C. machine due to 52. In a D.C. generator the actual flux distribution depends upon
(d) magnetic flux, direction of force and direction of motion of conductor (a) oscillating magnetic field (a) size of air gap
Ans: b (b) pulsating magnetic flux (b) shape of the pole shoe
11. While applying Fleming's right-hand rule to And the direction of induced e.m.f., the(c) relative rotation between field and armature (c) clearance between tips of the ad¬jacent pole shoes
thumb points towards (d) all above (d) all of the above
(a) direction of induced e.m.f. Ans: c Ans:
(b) direction of flux 33. In a D.C. machine, short-circuited field coil will result in
(c) direction of motion of the conductor if forefinger points in the direction of generated(a) odour of barning insulation 53. The armature core of a D.C. generator is usually made of
e.m.f. (b) unbalanced magnetic pull producing vibrations (a) silicon steel
(d) direction of motion of conductor, if forefinger points along the lines of flux (c) reduction of generated voltage for which excitation has to be increased to maintain (b) copper
Ans: d the voltage (c) non-ferrous material
12. The bearings used to support the rotor shafts are generally (d) all above (d) cast-iron
(a) ball bearings 34. Equilizer rings are required in case armature is Ans: a
(b) bush bearings (a) wave wound
(c) magnetic bearmgs (b) lap wound 9.63. Satisfactory commutation of D.C. machines requires
(d) needle bearings (c) delta wound (a) brushes should be of proper grade and size
Ans: a (d) duplex wound (b) brushes should smoothly run in the holders
13. In D.C. generators, the cause of rapid brush wear may be Ans: b (c) smooth, concentric commutator properly undercut
(a) severe sparking 35. Welding generator will have (d) all of the above
(b) rough commutator surface (a) lap winding Ans: d
(c) imperfect contact (b) wave winding
(d) any of the above (c) delta winding 54. Open circuited armature coil of a D.C. machine is
Ans: d (d) duplex wave winding (a) identified by the scarring of the commutator segment to which open circuited coil is
14. In lap winding, the number of brushes is always Ans: a connected
(a) double the number of poles 36. In case of D.C. machine winding, number of commutator segments is equal to (b) indicated by a spark completely around the commutator
(b) same as the number of poles (a) number of armature coils (c) both (a) and (b)
(c) half the number of poles (b) number of armature coil sides (d) none of the above
(d) two (c) number of armature conductors Ans: c
Ans: b (d) number of armature turns
15. For a D.C. generator when the number of poles and the number of armature Ans: a 55. In a D.C. machine, fractional pitch winding is used
conductors is fixed, then which winding will give the higher e.m.f. ? 37. For a D.C. machines laboratory following type of D.C. supply will be suitable (a) to increase the generated voltage
(a) Lap winding (a) rotary converter (b) to reduce sparking
(b) Wave winding (b) mercury are rectifier (c) to save the copper because of shorter end connections
(c) Either of (a) and (b) above (c) induction motor D.C. generator set (d) due to (b) and (c) above
(d) Depends on other features of design (d) synchronous motor D.C. generator set Ans:
Ans: b Ans: c
16. In a four-pole D.C. machine 56. For the parallel operation of two or more D.C. compound generators, we should
(a) all the four poles are north poles 38. The function of pole shoes in the case of D.C. machine is ensure that
(b) alternate poles are north and south (a) to reduce the reluctance of the magnetic path (a) voltage of the incoming generator should be same as that of bus bar
(c) all the four poles are south poles (b) to spread out the flux to achieve uniform flux density (b) polarity of incoming generator should be same as that of bus bar
(d) two north poles follow two south poles (c) to support the field coil (c) all the series fields should be run in parallel by means of equilizer connection
Ans: b (d) to discharge all the above functions (d) series fields of all generators should be either on positive side or negative side of
17. Copper brushes in D.C. machine are used Ans: d the armature
(a) where low voltage and high currents are involved 39. In the case of lap winding resultant pitch is (e) all conditions mentioned above should be satisfied
(b) where high voltage and small cur-rents are involved (a) multiplication of front and back pitches Ans: d
(c) in both of the above cases (b) division of front pitch by back pitch
(d) in none of the above cases (c) sum of front and back pitches 57. D.C. series generator is used
Ans: a (d) difference of front and back pitches (a) to supply traction load
18. A separately excited generator as compared to a self-excited generator Ans: d (b) to supply industrial load at constant voltage
(a) is amenable to better voltage con-trol 40. A D.C. welding generator has (c) voltage at the toad end of the feeder
(b) is more stable (a) lap winding (d) for none of the above purpose
(c) has exciting current independent of load current (b) wave moving Ans: c
(d) has all above features (c) duplex winding
Ans: d (d) any of the above 58. Following D.C. generator will be in a position to build up without any residual
19. In case of D.C. machines, mechanical losses are primary function of Ans: a magnetism in the poles
(a) current 41. Which of the following statement about D.C. generators is false ? (a) series generator
(b) voltage (a) Compensating winding in a D.C. machine helps in commutation (b) shunt generator
(c) speed (b) In a D. C. generator interpoles winding is connected in series with the armature (c) compound generator
(d) none of above winding (d) self-excited generator
Ans: c (c) Back pitch and front pitch are both odd and approximately equal to the pole pitch Ans: d
20. Iron losses in a D.C. machine are independent of variations in (d) Equilizing bus bars are used with parallel running of D.C. shunt generators
(a) speed Ans: d 59. Interpole flux should be sufficient to
(b) load (a) neutralise the commutating self induced e.m.f.
(c) voltage 42. The demagnetising component of armature reaction in a D.C. generator (b) neutralise the armature reaction flux
(d) speed and voltage (a) reduces generator e.m.f. (c) neutralise both the armature reaction flux as well as commutating e.m.f. induced in
Ans: b (b) increases armature speed the coil
21. In D.C. generators, current to the external circuit from armature is given through (c) reduces interpoles flux density (d) perform none of the above functions
(a) commutator (d) results in sparking trouble Ans: c
Ans: b (c) willbeof5xiVHz
60. D.C. generator generally preferred for charging automobile batteries is (d) will be of v Hz 5
(a) series generator 78. To avoid formation of grooves in the commutator of a D.C. machine Ans: b
(b) shunt generator (a) the brushes of opposite polarity should track each other
(c) long shunt compound generator (b) the brushes of same polarity should track each other 96. A 220 V D.C. generator is run at full speed without any excitation. The open circuit
(d) any of'the above (c) brush position has no effect on the commutator grooving voltage will be
Ans: c Ans: a (a) zero
(b) about 2 V
61. In a D.C. generator the number of mechanical degrees and electrical degrees will 79. The following constitute short-circuit in the armature winding. (c) about 50 V
be the same when (a) Insulation failure between two com-mutator bars (d) 220 V
(a) r.p.m. is more than 300 (6) Insulation failure between two turns of a coil Ans: b
(b) r.p.m. is less than 300 (c) Two of more turns of the same coil getting grounded
(c) number of poles is 4 (d) All of the above 97. In a separately excited generator supplying rated load the armature reaction ,
(d) number of poles is 2 Ans: d (a) is always present
Ans: d (b) is always absent
80. The rapid wear of brushes takes place due to (c) may be sometimes present
62. Permeance is the reciprocal of (a) abrasion from dust (d) none of the above
(a) flux density (b) excessive spring pressure Ans: a
(b) reluctance (c) rough commutator bars
(c) ampere-turns (d) high mica insulation between com-mutation bars 98. If residual magnetism is present in a D.C. generator, the induced e.m.f. at zero
(d) resistance (e) all of the above factors speed will be
Ans: b Ans: e (a) zero
(b) small
63. In D.C. generators the polarity of the interpoles 81. Number of tappings for each equilizer ring is equal to (c) the same as rated voltage
(a) is the same as that of the main pole ahead (a) number of pole pairs (d) high
(b) is the same as that of the immediately preceding pole (b) number of poles Ans: a
(c) is opposite to that of the main pole ahead (c) number of parallel paths
(d) is neutral as these poles do not play part in generating e.m.f. (d) number of commutator segments 99. Armature reaction in a generator results in
Ans: a Ans: a (a) demagnetisation of leading pole tip and magnetisation of trailing pole tip
(b) demagnetisation of trailing pole tip and magnetisation of leading pole tip
64. The e.m.f. generated in a D.C. generator is directly proportional to 82. A D.C. generator can be considered as (c) damagnetising the centre of all poles
(a) flux/pole (a) rectifier (d) magnetising the centre of all poles
(b) speed of armature (b) primemover Ans: a
(c) number of poles (c) rotating amplifier
(d) all of the above (d) power pump 100. Following energized winding of a D.C. machine should not be opened as it would
Ans: b Ans: c produce high inductive voltage which may be dangerous to personnel and may cause
its own insulation failure.
65. In a D.C. generator the magnetic neutral axis coincides with the geometrical 83. In any rotating machine that part which houses the conductors and in which e.m.f. (a) Series field
neutral axis, when induced is to be utilised is called (b) Compensating field
(a) there is no load on|he generator (a) rotor (c) Inter pole field
(b) the generator runs on full load (b) stator (d) Shunt field
(c) the generator runs on overload (c) field Ans: d
(d) the generator runs on designed speed (d) armature
Ans: a Ans: d

66. In a D.C. generator in order to reduce sparking at brushes, the self-induced e.m.f. 84. In a D.C. machine stray loss is the sum of
in the coil is neutralised by all of the following except (a) total copper loss and mechanical loss
(a) interpoles (b) armature copper loss and iron loss
(b) dummy coils (c) shunt field copper loss and mechanical loss
(c) compensating winding (d) iron loss and mechanical loss
(d) shifting of axis of brushes Ans: d
Ans: b
85. Lap winding is composed of
67. In D.C. generators on no-load, the air gap flux distribution in space is (a) any even number of conductors
(a) sinusoidal (b) any odd number of conductors
(b) triangular (c) that even number which is exact multiple of poles + 2
(c) pulsating (d) that even number which is exact multiple of poles
(d) flat topped Ans: a
Ans: d
86. In a D.C. generator in case the resistance of the field winding is increased, then
68. A shunt generator running at 1000 r.p.m. has generated e.m.f. as 200 V. If the output voltage will
speed increases to 1200 r.p.m., the generated e.m.f. will be nearly (a) increase
(a) 150 V (b) decrease
(b) 175 V (c) remain unaffected
(c) 240 V (d) fluctuate heavily
(d) 290 V Ans: b
Ans: c
87. An exciter for a turbo generator is a
69. The purpose of providing dummy coils in a generator is (a) separately excited generator
(a) to reduce eddy current losses (b) shunt generator
(b) to enhance flux density (c) series generator
(c) to amplify voltage (d) compound generator
(d) to provide mechanical balance for the rotor Ans: b
Ans: d
88. In case of a flat compounded generator
70. In a shunt generator the voltage build up is generally restricted by (a) voltage generated is less than the rated voltage
(a) speed limitation (b) generated voltage is proportional to the load on the generator
(b) armature heating (c) voltage remains constant irrespec¬tive of the load
(c) insulation restrictions (d) speed varies in proportion to the load on the generator
(d) saturation of iron Ans: c
89. Which of the following generator will have negligible terminal voltage while running
71. If a D.C. generator fails to build up the probable cause could not be on no-load ?
(a) imperfect brush contact (a) Series generator
(b) field resistance less than the critical resistance (b) Shunt generator
(c) no residual magnetism in the generator (c) Compound generator
(d) faulty shunt connections tending to reduce the residual magnetism (d) Separately excited generator
Ans: b Ans: a

72. Flashing the field of D.C. generator means 90. Which of the following D.C. generators will be in a position to build up without any
(a) neutralising residual magnetism residual magnetism in the poles ?
(b) creating residual magnetism by a D.C. source (a) Series generator
(c) making the magnetic losses of forces parallel (b) Shunt generator
(d) increasing flux density by adding extra turns of windings on poles (c) Compound generator
Ans: b (d) None of the above
Ans: d
73. The e.m.f. induced in the armature of a shunt generator is 600 V. The armature
resistance is 0.1 ohm. If the armature current is 200 A, the terminal voltage will be 91. In over compounded generator, full load terminal voltage is
(a) 640 V (a) almost zero
(b) 620 V (b) less than noload terminal voltage
(c) 600 V (c) more than noload terminal voltage
(d) 580 V (d) equal to no-load terminal voltage
Ans: d Ans: c

74. In a D.C. generator the critical resistance refers to the resistance of 92. In a level compounded D.C. generator, full load terminal voltage is
(a) brushes (a) negligibly low
(b) field (b) equal to no-load terminal voltage
(c) armature (c) more than no-load terminal voltage
(d) load (d) less than no-load terminal voltage
Ans: b Ans: b

75. To achieve sparkless commutation brushes of a D.C. generator are rockedm ahead 93. The terminal voltage of a D.C. shunt generator drops on load because of all of the
so as to bring them following reasons except
(a) just ahead of magnetic neutral axis (a) armature reaction
(b) in magnetic neutral axis (b) armature resistance drop
(c) just behind the magnetic neutral axis (c) field weakening due to armature reaction and armature
Ans: a (d) commutation
Ans: d
76. Armature coil is short circuited by brushes when it lies
(a) along neutral axis 94. In a D.C. generator
(b) along field axis (a) external resistance = internal char-acteristic - armature reaction
(c) in any of the above positions (b) internal characteristic = magnetisation characteristic - ohmic drop
(d) in none of the above positions (c) external characteristic = magnetisation characteristic - ohmic drop - armature
Ans: a reaction
(d) magnetisation characteristic = external characteristic
77. A cumulatively compounded long shunt generator when operating as a motor Ans: c
would be
(a) cumulatively compounded long shunt 95. A sinusoidal voltage of 5 Hz is applied to the field of a shunt generator. The
(b) differentially compounded long shunt armature voltage wave
(c) cumulatively compounded short shunt (a) will be zero
(d) differentially compounded short shunt (b) will be of 5 Hz