Cost Est Guide | Gallon | Road Surface

United States Department of Agriculture

Forest Service Intermountain Southwestern Rocky Mountain Regions Engineering

Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction

June 2009

2009 Cost Guide Regional Contacts Region 2 Jeff Moll (303) 275-5199 Region 3 Marjorie Apodaca (505) 842-3852 Region 4 Ken Goddard (801) 625-5792

2009 Cost Guide Revision Team Region 2 John Stites, GMUG NF (970) 874-6648 Region 3 Andrea Glover, RO (505) 842-3859 Region 4 Ken Goddard, RO Dave Woras, RO (208) 392-3731

This document is formatted to be printed out as double-sided. Minor errors were fixed between March 2009 and June 2009. This edition is the most current.

Information contained in this document regarding commercial products or firms may not be used for advertising or promotional purposes and is not an endorsement of any product or firm by the USDA or Forest Service. The information contained in this document was developed for the Forest Service; no warranty as to the accuracy, usefulness, or completeness is expressed or implied. This document is approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited.

Cover Photo: Taken 1937 of Williams-Jerome Road, Prescott National Forest, Arizona. Forest Service Photo Number 344961.

General Information and Instructions

Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction
June 2009
Table of Contents
General Information and Instructions........................................................................................ 9 Tables Of Weights And Measures .......................................................................................... 11 The Metric System.................................................................................................................. 12 General Information................................................................................................................ 13 Significant Changes in the 2009 Cost Guide. ......................................................................... 13 General Instructions ................................................................................................................ 14 Engineer's Estimate .................................................................................................................... 19 Determination of Wage Rate Area.......................................................................................... 21 Hourly Wage Rates per State.................................................................................................. 24 Adjustment Factors for the Unit Costs.................................................................................... 26 Steps to Adjust Davis-Bacon Costs ........................................................................................ 30 Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments ....................................................................................... 33 Davis-Bacon/Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments ............................................................... 35 Time Estimates For Road Construction Projects .................................................................... 37 Project Requirements ................................................................................................................. 41 Section 151 - Mobilization...................................................................................................... 43 Section 152 - Construction Survey And Staking .................................................................... 44 Section 153 - Contractor Quality Control............................................................................... 47 Section 154 - Contractor Sampling And Testing.................................................................... 47 Section 156 - Public Traffic.................................................................................................... 49 Section 157 - Soil Erosion Control ......................................................................................... 50 Section 170 - Develop Water Supply and Watering............................................................... 52 Section 183 - P Line Survey ................................................................................................... 52 Section 185 - Low Volume Road Design ............................................................................... 53 Clearing and Earthwork ............................................................................................................ 55 Section 201 - Clearing And Grubbing .................................................................................... 57 Section 202 - Additional Clearing And Grubbing .................................................................. 57 Section 202 - Individual Removal of Trees ............................................................................ 59 Clearing And Grubbing for Existing Roadbeds...................................................................... 62 Section 203 - Removal Of Structures and Obstructions ......................................................... 62 Section 204 - Excavation and Embankment ........................................................................... 63 Haul......................................................................................................................................... 67 Section 208 - Structure Excavation And Backfill For Selected Major Structures.................. 70

2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction

(4/2009)

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....................................................Top Soiling ......................................................................................................... 112 Section 607 .Turf Establishment ................................................................................................................................Alternate Retaining Walls ............................................... 97 Section 409 .......................... 123 Section 633 ........................ 81 Aggregate Courses ...................................................Riprap .......................................... Inlets........... 100 Section 430 .................................................................... 111 Section 606 .............................. 114 Section 621 ......................................................................................................................... Reconditioning...............................Culverts And Drains ............................. 87 Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments ........................ 111 Section 604 ...................................................................Hot Asphalt Concrete Pavement................................Slurry Seal ............................................................. And Catch Basins.................................................................................................................................................................Rental Equipment ................Tack Coat...... 70 Section 212 ................................................................Rolled Erosion Control Products And Cellular Confinement Systems...................................................... And Pavement Edge Drains ........... 97 Section 410 ..................................................................................Cleaning...................................................Minor Aggregate Courses............................ 113 Section 609 .....................................Underdrains....... 79 Section 253 ..... 107 Section 603 ......Concrete Barriers And Precast Guardwalls ................................ 113 Section 615 ......Curb And Gutter .......................................................................... 99 Section 412 ................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Section 602 ...Asphalt Surface Treatment ......................Prime Coat ...................Monuments And Markers................Mechanically-Stabilized Earth Walls .......................Guardrail..................................................Paving Geotextiles.........................Fences........Sidewalks..........................Linear Grading..... 97 Section 403 ............................................ And Paved Medians.... 115 Section 622 .............Asphalt Pavement Crack & Joint Sealing............ Sheet Drains................ 95 Section 400 .......................................... 111 Section 605 .. 114 Section 619 ................... 80 Section 262 ........... 85 Section 306 ................................................. 83 Section 303 .......................................................... 77 Section 251 .................................................... 113 Section 617 ......................................................... 123 Section 629 ......... 80 Section 255 ...............................................................................................................................................Structural Plate Structures ..................................... Drive Pads................................................. 101 Incidental Construction.................................Corrugated Metal Spillways ..........................................Dust Palliative............................................Permanent Traffic Control..... Gates And Cattleguards....................................................... 105 Section 601 ............Road Reconditioning .Roadway Obliteration.........................Asphalt Pavement Patching ....... 80 Section 257 ............................................ 122 Section 625 ..Reinforced Soil Embankment.............................. And Repairing Existing Drainage Structures ....................... 71 Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls ..........Manholes............................................................ 123 Page 4 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction ..General Information and Instructions Section 211 ... 100 Section 415 ................................................. 114 Section 618 ................ 99 Section 414 ...... 115 Section 624 ......Asphalt Pavement General ................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Section 411 .....................Minor Concrete Structures........... 100 Bridge Construction.........................Gabions And Revet Mattresses.............................................................................................. 86 Section 322 .........................................

.................................................................................. 124 Section 650 ........................................................................................................................................................... 147 Table 70 ..Enzyme and Resin Suppliers ......................................................................... 13 Table 14 ............................................................ Gates And Cattleguard Suppliers .............................................................. 11 Table 5 ................................................... 22 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 5 ..............Dry Measure ........................................................................... 143 Table 65 ................................................................. 145 Table 67 ............................................................Permanent Pavement Marking Suppliers .......................................................... 148 Table 72 .............................................................................................................General Information and Instructions Section 634 ....................................USA Avoirdupois Weight .............................................................................. 12 Table 11 .................................................Underdrains..... 153 Table 79 .................................................. And Pavement Edge Drain Suppliers....................................Metric Square Measure (Area) .................... 11 Table 3 ................................Cubic Measure (Volume) ..Square Measure (Area)................. 147 Table 71 ....... 143 Table 64 ....................... 127 Cost Estimating For Temporary Roads.............English Liquid Measure .................................................................................................................. 11 Table 7 ............................................................................. 139 Table 62 ...Calcium Chloride Suppliers ......................................................................................Bentonite Suppliers .......Linear Measure............English Avoirdupois Weight ..............Lignin Sulfonate Suppliers ................................... Sheet Drains............................... 11 Table 2 ................................ 11 Table 6 ................................................... 146 Table 68 .....Metric Land Measure .. 12 Table 13 .........................................................Road Closure Device Suppliers........................ 124 Section 651 ....Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Wall Suppliers .... 124 Temporary Road Cost Estimating ..............................................................................Metric Linear Measure ...................Development Of Pits And Quarries.........................................................Permanent Pavement Markings ............................................. 13 Table 15 ..............................................................................USA Liquid Measure............. And Catch Basin Suppliers ....................................... 154 Table 80 ................................................ 11 Table 4 ........Road Closure Devices ................................................................................... 12 Table 12 ...............Permanent Traffic Control Material Suppliers ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 12 Table 8 ...............Rolled Erosion Control Products And Cellular Confinement System Suppliers 152 Table 78 ..........Magnesium Chloride Suppliers ..................Zone Adjustments for Las Vegas Area ........ 135 Suppliers .....................Metric Cubic Measure (Volume).....................Clarified Dust Oil D0-4 Suppliers................... 146 Table 69 ..Metal Pipe Suppliers......................................................................... 148 Table 73 ........... 12 Table 10 ...................... Inlets....................................Past CPIs...............................................Asphalt Suppliers..................................................................................................... 155 List of Tables Table 1 .... 151 Table 77 ............................................................................................................................Manholes........Metric Weights ....................................................................................... 149 Table 75 ...Concrete Barrier Suppliers ........................................... 150 Table 76 .............................................Fencing..................................................................................................... 12 Table 9 .........Plastic Pipe Suppliers .......... 129 Abbreviations ......................................... 141 Table 63 .. 144 Table 66 ...

................RS Means Survey Crew Cost Data...........................................................Materials Testing and Inspection Costs................ 58 Table 38 ....................................................................................... 38 Table 27 ...........5H ......................... 43 Table 28 ...........................Pipe Flared End Section Prices.2........................................................................................................................................ 46 Table 34 ............................................................................................ 123 Page 6 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .......................Cross Section Survey Crew Production Rates.............................................. 111 Table 59 ..Hourly Wage Rates........... 58 Table 39 ...................................... 29 Table 24 .............. 24 Table 18 ... 109 Table 56 ............................................................. 27 Table 23 ... 63 Table 41 ......................PI Survey Crew Production Rates . 99 Table 53 .................. 89 Table 52 .........Clearing and Grubbing Topographic Factors .......................................Traffic Control Installation Costs..................................................Average Equipment Roading Costs per Mile................................................... 64 Table 43 ..........................................................................................Level Survey Crew Production Rates............................................Shaping and Finishing Costs per Mile of Single Lane Roads without Ditch.......................................................... 87 Table 48 .....................33H ................................ 76 Table 47 .......3"x1" and 5"x1" Corrugations ...................Equipment Rate Adjustment Factors.. 48 Table 35 .................Soil Erosion and Water Pollution Control Costs............. 87 Table 49 ...............................Labor Percentage Ranges .......................................... 46 Table 33 ............... 123 Table 62 .................................................................................................Shaping and Finishing Costs per Mile of Single Lane Roads with Ditch ........Cattleguard Cost Adjustment Factors................................................... 45 Table 31 ......................... 89 Table 51 .................................Polyethylene Corrugated Pipe Costs ...............Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book ............................State Labor Reduction Percentages .................... 108 Table 55 . 99 Table 54 ........................................................................................ 25 Table 20 ..........................FSSS Screened Aggregate Grading Multipliers .............................................................. 51 Table 36 .......................................................66"x1/2" Corrugations .......Crusher and Rock Screen Typical Costs for Move-In and Set-Up ...................................................... 22 Table 17 ..FSSS Crushed Aggregate Grading Multipliers .................... 76 Table 46 .............................P-Line Survey Production Rates ............Installation Costs for Culverts .....................General Information and Instructions Table 16 .............................. 25 Table 19 ............. 59 Table 40 .....................................Hourly Wage Rates......Zone Adjustments for Carson City Area .........................Section 212 14 ft Wide Template 1V:1...........Clearing and Grubbing Slash/Cleanup Factors ............... 114 Table 60 .........................................................Galvanized Steel Pipe ....Traffic Control Material Prices .................................... 115 Table 61 .................Galvanized Steel Pipe ...........................Emulsified Asphalt Application Rates ....................Equipment Size Classifications for Table 19 ......................Bituminous Coat Application Rates ................... 43 Table 29 ....................................................... 88 Table 50 ...................... 53 Table 37 . 75 Table 44 ................................................................................................................... 45 Table 32 .............................................................................Survey Crew Production Rates........................................... 110 Table 58 ...............Davis-Bacon Adjustment Factors...............................5H .......................................Approximate Weight-Volume Factors at 60°F ............................................................................. 35 Table 25 .......................................Timber Sale Unit Cost Adjustment Factor For Wage Differentials ...........Equipment Size Classifications for Table 17 ............................................Section 212 14 ft Wide Template 1V:1.....Typical Dust Palliative Application Rates ..Average Mobilization Percentages..Slash Treatment Combinations........................................................................ 45 Table 30 ..................Excavation and Embankment Adjustment Factors.......... 26 Table 22 ..............................................................................................33H ...........Section 212 12 ft Wide Template 1V:1.......Section 212 12 ft Wide Template 1V:1............ 64 Table 42 .................... 75 Table 45 ............................... 109 Table 57 ...... 36 Table 26 ...................

..........................................................Slash/Clean Up Factor............................................................. 30 Example 2 ............Temporary Road Construction ..... 146 Table 69 ...........Calcium Chloride Suppliers .......................... 150 Table 76 ...........................................................Enzyme and Resin Suppliers ...................... Gates And Cattleguard Suppliers ............................Manholes. 59 Example 8 ..............Rolled Erosion Control Products And Cellular Confinement System Suppliers .......................Rock Crusher Mobilization . Inlets..................................................... 143 Table 66 ..........Clearing Amount Estimate ....................................................... 31 Example 3 ........Lignin Sulfonate Suppliers ........................ 61 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 7 ........ 143 Table 65 ..................................................................New Mexico 18" Culvert................... 93 Example 13 .......................................Underdrains..........................................................................................Equivalent Volume using Average Diameters and Stem Spacing ................................................................................... Sheet Drains......................... 148 Table 74 ..... 153 Table 80 ................................................... 37 Example 4 .............Basic Rock Cost Example ............................. 147 Table 71 .....................Clarified Dust Oil D0-4 Suppliers................. 60 Figure 2 ....................................................................................General Information and Instructions Table 63 ........................................Magnesium Chloride Suppliers ........ 151 Table 78 ............ 149 Table 75 ...................................... 141 Table 64 .................................................................Sample Earthwork Calculations .... 57 Example 7 ........... And Catch Basin Suppliers ......................... 152 Table 79 ..Haul Cost Example ........................................ 147 Table 72 ............Timber Sale Road Construction Cost..................... 130 List of Figures Figure 1 ....Example Haul Costs .................................Permanent Traffic Control Material Suppliers ............ 66 Example 9 ...................................... 145 Table 68 ......................Concrete Barrier Suppliers ........Simple Mobilization ............................. 146 Table 70 .................. 69 Example 10 ...........Road Closure Device Suppliers............................................. 90 Equation 12 ...............................................Guardrail Suppliers..Clearing and Grubbing (Costs Based on Windrowing) ............................................... 144 Table 67 ............................................................................Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Wall Suppliers .......................................................................California 18" Culvert .................................................................................. 44 Example 5 ................................Linear Grading Construction.......Metal Pipe Suppliers.. 148 Table 73 .......................................... 154 Table 81 .......................................................................... 44 Example 6 .....................Bentonite Suppliers ................ And Pavement Edge Drain Suppliers.............................................................................................. 74 Example 11 ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 150 Table 77 .....................................Permanent Pavement Marking Suppliers ......... 155 List of Examples Example 1 ...................................................Fencing..........................................................................................................................Plastic Pipe Suppliers ............................................................................................................Asphalt Suppliers.....................

............................ 39 Form 2 ......................................................Time Estimating and Scheduling Form .............................Cost Estimate for Temporary Roads............General Information and Instructions List of Forms Form 1 ............................ 133 Page 8 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .

General Information and Instructions GENERAL INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 9 .

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Square Measure (Area) 1 square inch 144 square inches 9 square feet 30 1/4 square yards 160 square rods 4.625 cubic meters Table 4 .560 sq ft 640 acres 640 acres = 6.8096 liters = 35.42 cubic inches = 9987.61 cubic inches = 2.7646 cubic meter = 3. etc.3 meters = 1.General Information and Instructions Tables Of Weights And Measures Table 1 .760 yards 5.0283 cubic meter = 0.546 liters = 163.42 cubic inches = 1.5 gallons = 7.387 cubic centimeters = 0.9463 liter = 3.4046 hectares = 1 acre = 0.1183 liter = 0.20 cubic inches = 537.60 cubic inches = 67.9144 meter = 5.150.54 centimeters = 0.609. dry quarts = 0.032 U.280 feet 3 miles = 0.USA Liquid Measure 1 gill 4 gills 2 pints 4 quarts 1 barrel = 4 fluid ounces = 1 pint = 1 quart = 1 gallon = 31.5 cubic inches = 0.3 meters = 1.609.7853 liters = 119.59 square kilometers Table 3 .83 kilometers Table 2 .45 square centimeters = 1 square foot = 929 square centimeters = 1 square yard = 8361 square centimeters = 1 square rod (or square pole or = 25.840 sq yards 43.4046 hectares = 1 acre = 0.Dry Measure 1 pint 2 pints = 1 quart 8 quarts = 1 peck 4 pecks = 1 bushel 1 British dry quart = 33.) = 1cord foot = 1 cord = 16.656 liters 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 11 .Cubic Measure (Volume) 1 cubic inch 1.English Liquid Measure 4 quarts 1 barrel = 1 gallon = 36 gallons = 277.75 cubic inches = 231 cubic inches = 7276.0833 foot = 1 foot = 1 yard = 1 rod (or pole or perch) = 1 furlong = 1 (statute) mile = 1 (statute) mile = 1 (statute) mile = 1 (land) league = 2.S.219 cubic inches = 28.1012 liters = 8.4046 hectares = 1 square mile = 259 hectares = 1 square mile = 2.609.Linear Measure 1 inch 12 inches 3 feet 5 1/2 yards or 16 1/2 feet 40 rods 8 furlongs 1.12 cubic inches = 4.17 meters = 1.5505 liter = 1.2383 liters Table 5 .3048 meter = 0.4732 liter = 0.728 cubic inches 27 cubic feet 16 cubic feet 8 cord feet = 1 cubic foot = 1 cubic yard (in units for cordwood.029 meters = 201.29 square meters square perch) = 1 acre = 0.3 meters = 4.2370 liters Table 6 .875 cubic inches = 57.

English Avoirdupois Weight 14 pounds 112 pounds 2.80 kilograms = 1.9 square inches = 1.000 pounds = 27.21 miles Table 10 .386 square mile Table 12 .240 pounds = 1 stone = 1 hundred weight = 1 long ton = 6.35 kilograms = 50.471 acres = 0.772 grams = 28.59 grams = .Metric Cubic Measure (Volume) 1.549.Metric Square Measure (Area) 100 square millimeters 100 square centimeters 100 square decimeters 100 square decimeters 100 square meters 100 square decameters 100 square hectometers = 1 square centimeter = 1 square decimeter = 1 square meter = 1 square meter = 1 square decameter = 1 square hectometer = 1 square kilometer = 0.000 grains = 1 hundredweight = 1 ton = 0.6 square yards = 2.36 kilograms = 907.Metric Linear Measure 10 millimeter 10 centimeters 10 decimeters 10 decimeters 10 meters 10 decameters 10 hectometers 10 kilometers = 1 centimeter = 1 decimeter = 1 meter = 1 meter = 1 decameter = 1 hectometer = 1 kilometer = 1 myriameter = 0.314 cubic feet Page 12 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .499 square inches = 1.28 feet = 393.02 cubic inches = 35.34 grains = 1 ounce = 437.6 square yards = 2.9 square inches = 119.5 grains = 1 pound = 7.549.18 kilograms Table 8 .USA Avoirdupois Weight 1 grain 1 dram 16 drams 1 ounce 16 ounces 1 pound 100 pounds 2.3937 inch = 3.05 kilograms The Metric System Table 9 .3495 grams = 28.15499 square inch = 15.000 cubic millimeters 1.016.196 square yards = 119.937 inches = 39.000 cubic centimeters 1.471 acres = 0.45359 kilograms = 45.3495 grams = 453.06102 cubic inch = 61.37 inches = 3.7 inches = 328 feet 1 inch = 0.0648 gram = 1.621 mile = 6.Metric Land Measure 1 square meter 100 centiares 100 ares 100 hectares = 1 centiare = 1 are = 1 hectare = 1 square kilometer = 1.General Information and Instructions Table 7 .386 square mile Table 11 .000 cubic decimeters = 1 cubic centimeter = 1 cubic decimeter = 1 cubic meter = .

204. See Table 22 in the Engineer’s Estimate section.6 pounds General Information Adjusted Annual Consumer Price Index (CPI) + 2% = Annual Multiplier Table 14 . In addition. All Supplier information was moved to the back of the guide.046 pounds = 220.bls. Construction Materials Supplier contact information was verified and updated. Kansas. an adjustment factor table to compensate for differences in equipment hourly rates appears in the Engineer’s Estimate section.8% 2. unit item costs and construction material costs were updated in 2009. Equipment costs. local labor or materials shortages.7% Current CPI is available online from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics at: http://www. The Davis-Bacon wage rate adjustments must be applied to all unit costs published in the Guide if the project is outside Idaho Area 1. Significant Changes in the 2009 Cost Guide. This section can easily be printed separately for easy reference. etc. or Nevada no adjustment is necessary.Past CPIs Year 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 CPI 3. labor rates.Metric Weights 10 kilograms 10 myriagrams 10 quintals = 1 myriagram = 1 quintal = 1 metric ton = 22. Nebraska. should be included in any calculations to adjust unit costs. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 13 .8% 3. Idaho’s Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustment changed from 45% in 2008 to 27% in 2009 (reference Table 24).4% 2. The unit costs published in the Guide were developed using Idaho Area 1 wage rates and equipment rates.gov/cpi/ Factors such as local increases in fuel costs.46 pounds = 2. transportation/freight costs.General Information and Instructions Table 13 . For projects in Colorado.2% 3. Idaho.

4. 2. the descriptions of the specification items have changed for some of the items and many of the specification numbers have changed. a grader. Therefore. C. There is one annual revision of the Cost Guide that is typically published in February. it may be necessary to develop estimates by "time and equipment. be sure to include allowances for: 1. For example. averages 2 to 2 1/2 percent of the total contract cost. The FP-03 and FSSS are available in either Metric or US Customary (English) units. roller and water truck are needed. Taxes on Purchase of Material: Also. B. 3. allow for delivery cost to job site. the content of the information in this cost guide has changed very little except for the updated costs. This has resulted in a major change in the cost guide and required a set of FSSS (Forest Service Supplemental Specifications) so that the specifications will conform to the Forest Service contract requirements." When making time and equipment estimates. the water truck only part time. Supervision: On very small jobs this may be provided by an operator/supervisor at essentially no additional cost. Section Numbers The Forest Service has adopted the FP-03 (Standard Specifications for Construction of Roads and Bridges on Federal Highway Projects).General Information and Instructions Current logging costs were not available at the time of publication for use in determining Temporary Road Construction costs. Stand By Time: "Standby time" for equipment and operators that are part of a "spread" performing a segment of work. unit costs shown in this guide may not accurately reflect the work required. Bonding Cost: Bonding may be included in Section 151 Mobilization. On some items. General Instructions A. Revisions and Updates. The estimate should include standby time for the water truck to compensate for having it available on the job during the entire time of placing aggregate. the logging costs were adjusted using the CPI plus 2% as described above in the General Information Section. during placement of aggregate. However. Verify that cost estimates allow for all work required by the various FSSS in the contract. but who are not working at full capacity all the time. Since the FSSS are being modified over time. The grader and roller may be operating full time. Time and Equipment (Construction) Estimates. Page 14 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . The items have also been rearranged. As a result.

Note that some work items are not normally performed by a Timber Sale Purchaser but are subcontracted. or other unique situations. the cost of obtaining necessary permits is included in overhead. I. clearing costs generally should be rounded to the nearest $10 per acre. E. F. No reduction should be made for these items. G. Unit costs for work items listed in this cost guide utilize Davis-Bacon wages. etc. For example. Support Equipment:. Quantities should never be carried out further than the nearest onehundredth (0. hauling. Davis-Bacon (D-B) /Purchaser Wage Rate Adjustments. and generally no further than the nearest one-tenth (0.10 per cy. 6. and CMP costs are rounded to $. if the subcontractor is likely to pay Davis-Bacon wage rates. All unit prices shown in the Guide include this allowance. Variations are sometimes appropriate for clearing. The profit and risk factor used in this Cost Guide is 10%. D. the use of overall project unit costs may create problems with design changes. pickups. Permits: Even though permits are not a direct billed item. Pay Item Number. Public Works and Timber Sale Estimates. crew transportation. excavation. These adjustments are mandatory and will be used for all timber sale contracts having specified road construction.567. H. each road should have separate and distinct unit costs for those items. All engineer's estimates for road construction are to be prepared as if construction is to be accomplished by a public works contract. alternate facilities. Unit Costs. Reductions will be made for those situations where it is unlikely that D-B wages are paid. Use average cost for individual roads within the project whenever possible unless there are significant variations in the character of work from one road to another. including the wage and equipment rates.54 (Preconstruction Handbook) for more information.General Information and Instructions 5. the engineer's cost estimate shall be adjusted by the estimated cost difference between the applicable Davis-Bacon wage rates and the local prevailing wage rates using the appropriate labor factor given for the labor percentages shown for each work item. Profit and Risk Factor.1). Use of Average Cost in Project. Refer to FSH 7709. The estimator should round off the unit price to avoid creating accounting errors when processing contract payments. otherwise. Pay item numbers and descriptions are found in the Spec Manager database in Lotus Notes rather than in the FP-03 book. etc. excavation costs should be rounded to the nearest $. In these situations. Fuel trucks.50/LF. To arrive at Specified Road Construction Cost. and refer to Labor Rates in the 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 15 . depending on accuracy of measurements and cost or value of the item.01).

where small quantities are involved. restricted public use of haul routes. Other machinery/equipment that uses fuel or propane such as asphalt plant dryers. L. generators. estimators should increase allowances due to the inefficiencies generally encountered in small projects. The overall effect on the typical road construction project is that 30-40% fuel price increases will increase the total cost of construction about 2-5%. K. may also cost more/less to operate. Page 16 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . see section entitled Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments. Mobilization of equipment may outweigh the direct costs of the aggregate. Cost deviations from this Guide shall be documented and included in the project file. Use of Costs Other Than Shown in the Cost Guide. Of particular concern are projects where small quantities of aggregate are involved. On the other hand. J. than those that are material and labor oriented such as signs. Fuel Prices. converting some planned short-term specified roads to temporary roads that remain open for a short period after purchasers use. Purchaser Engineering. Equipment Rates in Section 622 and elsewhere in this Guide may need to be adjusted by the estimator to compensate for these variations. short road construction projects also have a relatively high mobilization cost for transport of dozers and excavators. local costs should be considered. deposits for engineering work on road reconstruction. The estimator should be aware of big (10% plus) fuel price increases/decreases that would affect the unit bid prices shown in this Guide. Estimator should refer to specific C-provision requirements when estimating purchaser engineering costs. and use of salvage sale funding for engineering work. M. Please note that the labor and equipment rates shown in the Cost Guide include applicable "payroll loading" and profit and overhead costs. Estimates should consider all roads that are included in a contract package that are within a five mile radius as one project for the purposes of small quantity adjustments. Fuel costs can be quite variable over a period of time due to geopolitical conditions. Small Quantity Adjustments.General Information and Instructions Engineer’s Estimate section of this Guide for D-B wage information. Recent changes in Forest Service FRP budgets have introduced or revised several concepts for timber sale roads: post-award engineering (PAE) including possible purchaser survey and/or design. For additional information. Therefore. small quantity factors should not be applied to individual road costs when the individual roads are part of a larger group of road projects in the same vicinity and part of the same contract. Fuel price variations will have more effect on items that are equipment oriented such as excavation. etc. When local experience indicates unit costs are different than those shown in this Guide. An example of this may be dust palliative treatments.

Change Orders and Design Changes. O. The principles. Others sources for cost estimation procedures and data (use the most current version available): RS Means Heavy Construction Cost Data Equipment Watch Rental Rate Blue Book for Construction Equipment Caterpillar Handbook . etc. however. listed in this Guide can be used to assist in determining unit costs for contract design changes and change orders. Electronic Copy of the Cost Guide. costs.for production rates and equipment capabilities End of General Information and Instructions 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 17 . P. site specific and project related information should be used to the maximum extent possible.General Information and Instructions N. This is a guide and not a cookbook. Summary. The 2009 R2/R3/R4 Cost Guide is available for downloading by employees and the general public at http://www.pdf.fs.fed. Estimators need to use judgment and knowledge of the specific project and local conditions when preparing cost estimates.us/r4/projects/roads/cost_est_guide.

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ENGINEER'S ESTIMATE 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 19 .

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Due to the differences in Davis-Bacon wage rates across the 3 Regions. Teller.50 per hour was added to the Area 1 base wage rates. Area 2: The remaining area of that portion of the State of Idaho south of Parallel 46 (the Washington-Oregon State Line extended eastward to Montana) that is not included in Area 1 as described above. Colorado. Morgan. Arizona. Kiowa. Idaho. Las Animas. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide apply to the entire state. Summit. Area 2 includes the following counties: Adams. Prowers. Routt. Park. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide apply to all the counties contained within Region 4. Arapahoe. Gunnison. Area 1 includes the following counties: Alamosa.gov/davisbacon/ . Huerfano.10 miles north to the intersection with Moody Road then following I-15 south from the city of Pocatello to a point 10 miles South of the Southern Boundary of Bannock County extended to the West. Denver. before adding in fringes and adjustments for overhead and profit and risk. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Area within Region 4 as described below. Delta. Douglas. Costilla. Current Davis-Bacon wage rates may be downloaded at http://www. Gilpin. Lake. Elbert. Boulder. Jackson. then following State Highway #20 . Cheyenne. In Idaho. Ouray. Montrose.Engineer's Estimate Determination of Wage Rate Area The preliminary estimated unit costs published in this guide may need to be adjusted. D. Conejos. Larimer. San Juan. Garfield. In Arizona. Hinsdale. Phillips. Otero. Crowley. El Paso. California. and variances in equipment rates. A. Clear Creek. Determine the area and/or zone and adjust the unit costs per instructions of this section. Moffat. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 21 . An additional $1.gpo. Archuleta. Mineral. C. cost adjustments may be needed. La Plata. Jefferson. Sedgwick. B. Saguache. Chaffee. Pitkin. Montezuma. Washington and Yuma counties. Logan. then following I-15 to Idaho Falls. Dolores. In California. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Areas. Mesa. Eagle. Rio Blanco. Kit Carson. Lincoln. In Colorado. All unit costs in this guide were calculated using Idaho Area1 hourly wage rates and Idaho hourly equipment rates. Custer. Area 1: That area within the State of Idaho located within 30 miles on either side of I-84 from the Oregon-Idaho State Line on the West to the Intersection of I-84 and I-86 in Cassia County. Rio Grande. Bent. Baca. then following I-86 to Pocatello. Fremont. Grand. San Miguel. Pueblo and Weld counties.

The rates adjustments required by the Nevada Wage Determination were modified to include overhead costs and profit and risk.Engineer's Estimate E.30 miles $0. Mineral.24 $3.Zone Adjustments for Las Vegas Area Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 City Hall. Lincoln. Douglas. Kansas. Table 15 . Las Vegas. and Carson City counties.70 miles > 70 miles $2.30 miles 30-50 miles 50 . Special hourly rate adjustments apply depending upon the distance from the project to the reference point of the Area.20 miles 20 . Las Vegas 0 . Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide apply to all the counties contained within Region 2 administered land. Lyon.22 Truck Driver Mileage is road miles from City Hall. Eureka. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide apply to all the counties contained within Region 2 administered land.150 miles 150 . Las Vegas and Carson City. G. Page 22 (6/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .73 $4.Zone Adjustments for Carson City Area Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Carson City 0 .00 $0. and Nye counties.98 $4. Esmeralda. Las Vegas 0 . Add the appropriate adjustments to wage rates when work falls within the listed areas. Pershing.47 $5. Lander. Las Vegas 0 . Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Areas.00 30-50 miles 50 .00 $0.70 miles > 70 miles Labor City Hall. Las Vegas Area: Includes the following counties: Clark.300 miles > 300 miles Power Equip/Truck Driver $2. Humboldt.47 City Hall. Elko. In Kansas. White Pine.40 miles 40 .96 Labor $0. Storey.00 $0. Washoe. In Nevada.60 miles > 60 miles Power Equip $2. Table 16 .00 $0.73 $5. F. Nevada. In Nebraska.24 $3.00 Mileage is road miles from the Washoe County Courthouse (Reno) or road miles from the Carson City Courthouse. Nebraska. Nevada area pay applies to all three categories in Las Vegas area and in the Carson City area. Carson City Area: Includes the following counties: Churchill.50 miles 50 .

McPherson. Niobrara. Tooele. Brule. Garfield. Crook. Roosevelt. Hyde. Clay.Engineer's Estimate H. Sevier. Jerauld. Day. Johnson. Morgan. McKinley. Lincoln. Big Horn. Haakon. Park. Colfax. Utah. Harding. Washington and Wayne counties. San Miguel. Los Alamos. Potter. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 23 . Grand. Utah In Utah. Otero. Sanborn. Area 1 includes the following counties: Davis. Campbell. Hot Springs. Davison. Taos. Hand. Roberts. Campbell. Box Elder. Goshen. Moody. Miner. Harding. Platte. Spink. Marshall. Millard. J. Piute. Chaves. Duchesne. I. Sweetwater. Luna. Beadle. Daggett. Curry. Todd. Area 2 includes the following counties: Beaver. Guadalupe. Quay. Codington. Dona Ana. Socorro. Grant. Hughes. Uinta. Perkins. and Sante Fe counties Area 2 includes the following counties: Catron. New Mexico. Torrance. Rich. K. De Baca. Teton. Brookings. Area 1 includes the following counties: Albany. Cibola. Gregory. Faulk. Grant. Converse. Carbon. Area 1 includes the following counties: Lincoln. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Areas. Meade. Lake. Buffalo. Fremont. Stanley. Butte. Fall River. Kingsbury. McCook. Douglas. Mellette. Summit. Kane. Sheridan. Jackson. Lyman. Charles Mix. Tripp. Walworth. Eddy. Wyoming In Wyoming. Emery. Wasatch. Carbon. Sandoval. Sanpete. Lincoln. Hidalgo. Iron. Hutchinson. Sublette. Washakie and Weston counties. Turner. Hanson. Rio Arriba. Cache. Hamlin. Dewey. Bennett. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Areas. Clark. Jones. Juab. Area 1 includes the following counties: Bernalillo. Brown. Sully. Mora. South Dakota In South Dakota. Salt Lake. In New Mexico. Corson. Uintah. Edmunds. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Areas. Area 2 includes the following county: Natrona county. San Juan. Union. and Weber counties. and Valencia counties. Shannon. Custer. Lea. Deuel. San Juan. Yankton and Ziebach counties. Union. Bon Homme. Sierra. Minnehaha and Pennington counties Area 2 includes the following counties: Aurora. Lawrence. Davis-Bacon wage rates published in this guide are divided into 2 Areas.

95 17.65 53.82 68.58 57.49 45.75 75.58 49.76 29.06 16.80 74.99 25.88 18.76 42.38 1 51.21 43.63 70.47 25.81 73.76 42. front end loaders. The area contracting specialists can provide the latest wage information.85 45.49 46.63 70.69 KS NE LV 78.41 43.93 48. Wage rates are subject to change at any time.16 73.20 28.88 65.67 48.67 48.27 15.54 70. Social Security Taxes (7.83 73.63 75. The Equipment Size Classification tables are used when certain wage areas within individual states require paying different wage rates based on size of equipment being operated.06 46.16 52.21 21.16 73.07 18.23 Page 24 (6/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .21 43.53 41.83 73.99 22.76 66.21 42.08 42.53 45.45 46.76 43.76 43.81 29.19 27.40 46.63 AZ CA 1 45.99 37.07 16.21 21.52 17. This only applies to dozers.70 43.21 43.82 53. Table 17 .68 66.48 19.35 12.03 48.48 67.65 70.57 23. All wage rates shown are from highway construction rates.79 18.08 28.37 18.23 65.60 66.79 29.99 42.63 72.35 18.98 18.96 19.08 42.Engineer's Estimate Hourly Wage Rates per State The wage rates shown in Table 17 and Table 19 below include basic hourly rates. and trucks.76 43.08 59.99 28.36 53. an overhead factor to cover Worker’s Compensation and Unemployment Insurance costs which varies by state.07 19.92 42.76 42.49 46.16 NV CARSON CITY 73.03 47. Risk Insurance and Public Liability costs (2.46 48.96 66.87 47. fringe benefits.07 18.63 70. Overhead costs (16%).36 43.71 18. and 10% profit and risk.66 73.76 41.51 34.85 46.76 42.93 15.31 39.85 46.49 70. Where there is no difference in rates.77 20.62 ID 2 53.08 27.03 48.48 68.58 42.74 15.57 21.26 48.02 70.65%).96 70.86 13.23 15.Hourly Wage Rates JOB CLASSIFICATION ZONE Foreman General Laborer Chainsaw Operator Powderman Wagon Drill Operator Asphalt Spreader Operator Backhoe Operator Dozer Operator (1) Dozer Operator (2) Front End Loader Operator (1) Front End Loader Operator (2) Grader Operator Heavy Duty Mechanic or Welder Hydraulic Excavator Operator Truck Driver (1) Truck Driver (2) Roller Operator Compaction 49.67 48.08 46.52 20.80 23.51 65.09 56.98 17.49 73.76 42.10 19.08 59.34 42.07 18.49 45.52 18.76 42.55 44.48 66.69 44.94 CO 2 46.88 44.99 27.54 42.75 46.55 38.21 21.21 42.99 24.67 48.29 46.49 24.07 18.69 28.21 29.02%).76 42.56 34.31 59.05 73.07 60.50 42.49 73.88 44.13 37.18 17.12 67.81 37. “same” appears in the table.10 19.50 78.99 43.43 19.

81 13.16 36.16 50.35 13.11 10.58 25.70 27.17 22.16 28.45 25.28 36.71 12.95 31.95 31.16 25.49 50.20 10.28 32.28 39.00 29.74 31.84 29.95 29.61 44.63 48.14 28.25 UT 2 56.16 SD 2 34.01 12.45 31.71 11.38 36.20 10.73 27.68 13.96 29.Equipment Size Classifications for Table 17 EQUIPMENT Dozer (1) Dozer (2) Front End Loader (1) Front End Loader (2) Truck (1) Truck (2) AZ <D5 >=D5 3-6 cy 7-10 cy <=4 axle >5 axle CA same same <= 4 cy >4 cy <= 8 cy > 8 cy CO same same <= 6 cy > 6 cy <= 14 cy >14 cy ID same same < 4 cy 4 .11 13.38 26.68 13.38 36.22 36.95 29.71 25.Engineer's Estimate Table 18 .58 31.5 cy same same < 1.63 48.89 33.25 13.86 27.58 10.15 27.20 10.58 13.58 12.25 1 42.58 12.54 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (6/2009) Page 25 .02 25.58 25.27 27.58 13.62 31.35 NM 2 16.49 50.77 27.28 32.6 cy < 12 cy < 12 cy 12 -16 cy 12 -16 cy Table 19 .28 33.--.30 cy KS same same same same <4 axle >3 axle NE <D5 >=D5 <= 4 cy >4 cy <4 axle >3 axle LV.78 21.25 13.34 22.16 48.56 24.27 12.25 12.14 27.35 13.11 10.73 34.64 33.63 48.16 50.11 10.95 29.28 36.28 32.13 25.14 27.73 29.68 22.20 13.29 25.61 44.82 10.25 27.45 25.5 .54 22.63 48.16 27.11 26.17 29.48 13.10 48.63 50.74 22.70 32.41 10.42 23.68 31.81 10.53 23.88 WY 2 37.12 47.68 1 34.16 27.63 50.25 13.63 50.58 13.10 48.95 53.16 36.72 21.90 29.28 32.16 48.48 10.Hourly Wage Rates JOB CLASSIFICATION ZONE Foreman General Laborer Chainsaw Operator Powderman Wagon Drill Operator Asphalt Spreader Operator Backhoe Operator Dozer Operator (1) Dozer Operator (2) Front End Loader Operator (1) Front End Loader Operator (2) Grader Operator Heavy Duty Mechanic or Welder Hydraulic Excavator Operator Truck Driver (1) Truck Driver (2) Roller Operator Compaction 1 16.36 32.5 cy 1.NV -----CC <D5 >=D5 < 1.22 39.68 31.95 53.63 50.74 31.7 cy < 16 cy 16 .54 32.5 .62 34.45 25.6 cy 1.12 47.14 1 56.

3.13 cy Adjustment Factors for the Unit Costs Adjust the preliminary estimated unit prices in this guide by multiplying them by the appropriate factors in the following Table 21 and Table 22.5 cy 1. laborers.25cy <4 axle >3 axle UT <= D7 > D7 <= 10 cy > 10 cy <= 8 cy 8 -14 cy WY < D4 D4 and up < 1. Page 26 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .5 . The wage rate adjustment factors in Table 21 are based on the appropriate Davis Bacon wage rates with fringes and overhead loading for a mixed work force of equipment operators.Engineer's Estimate Table 20 .25 cy >= 1.Equipment Size Classifications for Table 19 EQUIPMENT Dozer (1) Dozer (2) Front End Loader (1) Front End Loader (2) Truck (1) Truck (2) NM < D4 D4 and up < 2 cy 2 -10 cy 8 .5 cy < 7 cy 7 .16 cy > 16 cy SD < D4 D4 and up < 1. and truck drivers.

45 1.95 0.98 0.24 1.28 1.94 0.75 0.33 1.49 0.40 KANSAS -all NEBRASKA .82 0.23 1.91 0.Engineer's Estimate Table 21 .08 1.79 0.50 1.85 0.16 1.73 0.43 0.80 0.94 0.05 1.89 0.03 1.86 0.Zone 1 COLORADO .26 1.88 0.87 0.70 0.97 0.96 0.45 1.91 0.40 1.92 0.Zone 2 ARIZONA .02 1.03 1.47 1.91 1.18 1.93 0.03 1.83 0.96 0.84 0.99 0.94 0.83 0.03 1.89 0.42 1.23 1.93 0.51 0.96 0.01 1.all LABOR % 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 1.36 1.44 1.21 1.31 1.37 1.87 0.84 0.08 1.88 0.93 0.97 0.55 0.91 0.all IDAHO .09 1.34 1.49 1.04 1.37 1.92 0.67 0.85 0.04 1.81 0.01 1.14 1.57 (4/2009) COLORADO .02 1.61 0.76 0.01 1.43 1.91 0.05 1.89 0.26 1.96 0.17 1.41 1.90 0.05 1.00 1.03 1.82 0.79 0.15 1.98 0.81 1.13 1.93 0.39 1.20 1.00 1.97 0.95 0.54 1.39 1.02 1.92 0.99 0.76 0.73 0.85 0.64 0.98 0.13 1.10 1.11 1.03 1.77 0.88 0.48 1.26 1.Zone 2 CALIFORNIA .52 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Page 27 .00 0.Davis-Bacon Adjustment Factors LAS VEGAS Area 0-30 miles LAUGHLIN Area MESQUITE Area LAS VEGAS Area > 30 miles 1.03 1.18 1.04 1.51 1.06 1.all 1.92 0.01 1.02 1.58 0.95 0.52 0.46 1.99 0.95 0.10 1.28 1.04 1.21 1.46 0.94 0.31 1.29 1.92 0.97 0.34 1.31 1.99 0.97 0.05 0.

05 1.79 0.84 0.98 0.80 0.33 1.35 1.78 0.99 0.90 0.76 0.64 0.12 1.89 0.22 1.75 0.98 0.98 0.72 0.14 1.85 0.All 0.31 0.98 0.18 1.99 0.37 1.27 1.98 0.70 0.95 0.Engineer's Estimate Table 21 .74 0.Davis-Bacon Adjustment Factors.23 1.72 0.30 1.02 1.00 1.22 1.06 1.91 0. Continued CARSON Area 50-300 miles SOUTH DAKOTA .16 1.34 1.70 0.36 1.67 0.11 1.21 1.all LABOR % 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 1.38 0.Zone 1 WYOMING .04 1.66 0.98 0.82 0.93 0.14 1.96 0.18 1.20 1.39 0.14 1.93 0.98 0.00 0.75 0.89 0.78 0.11 1.86 0.76 0.82 0.93 0.02 1.77 0.88 0.85 0.99 0.26 1.08 1.25 1.66 0.62 0.92 0.97 UTAH .99 0.29 1.27 1.81 0.24 1.84 0.99 0.45 0.82 0.15 1.86 0.71 0.29 1.30 1.05 1.00 1.53 0.99 0.64 0.35 0.42 0.10 1.27 0.99 0.99 0.32 1.74 0.98 0.02 1.12 1.20 1.96 0.68 0.95 0.96 0.04 1.16 1.24 1.78 0.87 0.74 0.82 0.09 1.73 Page 28 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .56 0.07 1.97 0.92 0.17 1.18 1.09 1.60 1.31 1.84 0.13 1.98 0.91 0.06 1.49 0.23 1.20 1.88 0.96 0.25 1.94 0.98 0.60 0.Zone 2 0.77 0.80 0.89 0.99 0.03 1.27 1.29 1.81 0.88 0.65 CARSON Area <50 miles NEW MEXICO .all CARSON Area >300 miles WYOMING .08 1.68 0.

01 1 1 1 No adjustment is necessary for Colorado.98 0. Table 22 .99 0.97 0.99 0. NM.98 0.02 1.03 1.01 1.03 1. or Nevada 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 29 . UT 0. Nebraska.02 1.Engineer's Estimate The equipment rate factors in Table 22 are used to adjust for regional cost differences listed in the Equipment Watch Rental Rate Blue Book.02 1.Equipment Rate Adjustment Factors % LABOR 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 AZ. Kansas.04 1. WY 1.02 1.97 0. Idaho.98 0.97 0.01 1.01 1.02 1.99 0.98 0.01 1.99 1 1 1 1 CA.99 0.04 1.03 1.03 1.99 0.99 0.98 0. SD.03 1.98 0.

00/LF (reference Section 602) Adjusted Davis-Bacon cost = Cost Guide unit cost x Davis-Bacon adjustment factor x equipment adjustment factor = $28.Engineer's Estimate Steps to Adjust Davis-Bacon Costs Example 1 .18" culvert (new construction) Percent labor = 25% (reference Section 602) Cost Guide unit cost = $28.82 (reference Page 30 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .00 x 0.New Mexico 18" Culvert New Mexico For Item 60250 .

98 (reference Table 22) = $22.18" culvert Percent Labor = 25% (reference Section 602) Cost Guide unit cost = $28.00/LF (reference Section 602) Adjusted Davis-Bacon cost = $28.50/LF Example 2 .00 x 1.Engineer's Estimate ) x 0.California 18" Culvert California For Item 60250 .13 (reference 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 31 .

59/LF End of Engineer's Estimate Page 32 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .Engineer's Estimate ) x 1.03 (reference Table 22) = $32.

TIMBER SALE WAGE RATE ADJUSTMENTS 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 33 .

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good soils. scattering. rock. etc. pile and burn. inaccessible to equipment. platforms. close tolerance. heavy ground area. wide poor soils and tolerances. Difficult terrain. poor soils and rock. accessible to equipment. close gradation tolerance. and Benching Compaction Scarification Drill and Blast Traffic Control Station-Yard Overhaul 3 Yd -mile Overhaul 209-Structure Excavation and Backfill 251-Riprap Hand-Placed Machine-Placed Sacked Wire-Enclosed 253-Gabions 303-Road Reconditioning 322-Minor Aggregate Course 20-45 Small timber. Gentle terrain.Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments Davis-Bacon/Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments All road construction projects must first be estimated as if being built by public works contracts using Davis-Bacon wage rates. to erect for project support Large timber. dismantling and assembly of equipment. dewatering required. 201-Clearing and Grubbing 40-55 204-Excavation and Embankment This item may be broken down as follows: Earthmoving Slope. Table 23 . 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 35 . easy equipment access. Rounding. difficult terrain.Labor Percentage Ranges Work Item 151-Mobilization Percent Labor 30-60 Low Percent Factors Short travel distance with few pieces of equipment to dismantle and reassemble. For Timber Sale Contracts. High Percent Factors Long travel distance. Difficult terrain. Use of percentages different than those indicated and the reason for the selection should also be documented. The following labor percentage ranges shown in Table 23 are typical and include equipment operators. good soils. wide gradation tolerance Crushed quarry rock.. no blasting 24 25 30 45 86 90 23 37 35-45 Gentle terrain. 75 35 60 75 30-40 40-60 30-50 Crushed pit rock. gentle terrain. the engineer's estimate must then be adjusted to take into account the difference between Davis-Bacon wage rates and the local wage rates paid by timber purchasers. no dewatering. This adjusted construction cost is called the "Total Estimated Road Construction Cost. poor soils and rock. many pieces of equipment to move. semi-permanent structures. The actual percentage selected should be documented. good soils. equipment access difficult." The method to use for the cost adjustment is explained below. truck drivers and laborers. light ground cover. blasting. and haul.

steep slopes. and materials Gentle terrain. Table 24 . Table 25 on the following page provides the unit costs adjustment factors to apply to the Engineer’s Estimate (Davis-Bacon wages) unit costs based on the percent labor involved and the work zone. See Labor Rates in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this Guide for Davis-Bacon wage rate information. labor intensive. Note that contract items (items not normally accomplished by woods crews such as engineering and asphalt items) are not to be reduced. Requires analysis of equipment. easily Steep pipe grade. road mix. See individual items in text of Cost Guide for other labor percentages. Hand-placed mulch. The amount of labor involved in work items not shown above must be determined by analysis of labor. Table 24 below is just for reference and lists the reduction percentages to be applied to the labor costs for each work item based on the state where the project is located. large project. materials. and equipment for the item. No reduction if purchaser is not equipped to perform. poor available bedding and gradation for bedding and backfill material. close wide tolerance tolerance. flat slopes.Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments Work Item 400-Asphalt Pavement 550-Bridge Construction 602-Culverts and Drains Percent Labor 20-30 20-30 20-30 Low Percent Factors High Percent Factors Large project. Small project. 605-Underdrains (Installation Only) Backfill Filter Cloth Special Granular Backfill 606-Corrugated Spillways Installation Only 619-Fences. plant mix.State Labor Reduction Percentages State Arizona California Colorado Idaho Reduction No Adjustment No Adjustment 25% 27% State Kansas Nebraska Nevada New Mexico Reduction No Adjustment No Adjustment No Adjustment No Adjustment State South Dakota Utah Wyoming Reduction No Adjustment 63% No Adjustment Page 36 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . labor. backfill material. Gates and Cattleguards Metal gates and cattlequards Fence and wire gates 625-Turf Establishment 90 10 10 25 20 80 10 15 60-65 30-50 Hydromulch. if the subcontractor is expected to pay Davis-Bacon wage rates. small project.

Except in unusual circumstances. When the construction of specified roads in a timber sale contract can be turned back to the Forest Service. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 37 . consider the effect on the road completion date. Project access and sequencing must also be considered. 3.77/cy Time Estimates For Road Construction Projects Care must be exercised when determining time estimates. Engineer's Estimate. This may require increasing the size of the crew and the amount of equipment used in the estimate.90/cy = 25% = 0. this may require the adjustment of some cost items and contract clauses. use the following procedure. see the previous section of this guide. receive a satisfactory bid.93 = $1. Be sure to consider operating season limitations. Allow sufficient time for the Forest Service to prepare a public works contract. the time estimate should not exceed two (2) full construction seasons. solicit. and award a Public Works contract. and have the road construction work completed by the “Road Completion Date” stated in the Timber Sale Contract. Example 3 . 4. Determine the Davis Bacon wage rate area and/or zone. Determine the estimated Timber Sale Road Construction Cost for the applicable item by multiplying the public works cost by the labor factor determined in item 3.93 = $1. including applicable C provisions for timber sale contracts.Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments Procedures to Determine Costs To determine the Estimated Timber Sale Road Construction Cost for any item.90/cy * 0. be sure to allow for the cost of the mobilization of equipment and personnel for each operating season. In addition.Timber Sale Road Construction Cost Public works excavation cost Project location: Idaho Excavation: labor percentage (from Table 23) Unit cost adjustment factor (from Table 25) Estimated road construction cost = $1. For projects that will require more than one construction season to complete. 2. 1. For instructions. A minimum of 155 days should be allowed to prepare. The final time estimate should not be made until all contract clauses are known. Select the appropriate unit cost adjustment factor from Table 25. Determine labor percentage for applicable item in the body of this Guide or from Table 23.

94 0.93 0.00 1.00 1.84 0.91 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.Timber Sale Unit Cost Adjustment Factor For Wage Differentials AZ LABOR % 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 1.80 0.00 1.00 1.00 Page 38 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .00 1.88 0.80 0.95 0.00 1.00 1.91 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.46 0.00 1.00 1.99 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.50 0.00 1.78 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.96 0.00 1.78 0.85 0.79 0.89 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.83 0.00 1.00 1.56 0.00 1.00 NM 1.37 WY 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.62 0.00 1.00 1.97 0.00 1.00 1.5) Use the following form to track the various time components associated with a turnback and to determine if the proposed road completion date to be included in the timber sale contract is attainable.87 0.40 0.88 0.00 NV 1.00 1.00 1.93 0.00 1.00 1.000 or more.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.77 0.00 1. Table 25 .89 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.81 0.00 1.82 0.76 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.86 0.00 1.96 0.00 1.00 1.99 0.18 43.00 CO 0.00 1.00 1.43 0.00 1.87 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.81 0.00 1.78 0.00 1.00 1.65 0.59 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 UT 0.76 0.85 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments Whenever the Total Estimated Road Construction Cost for a timber sale is $50.00 1.00 1.00 1.92 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1. consider the possibility of a turnback.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 NE 1.00 1.84 0.91 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.73 KS 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.94 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.74 0.53 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.95 0.00 SD 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.98 0.81 0.00 1.00 CA 1.90 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.75 ID 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.69 0.00 1.75 0. (reference FSH 2409.00 1.84 0.97 0.00 1.00 1.72 0.

Contract for the road construction. contracts. 15 days to evaluate bids and make award. 5 days for AQM to prepare solicitation documents.S. Job Codes must be set up. contract award date and date construction could start. Computed Construction Completion Date 5. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 39 . to solicit and award a P. 3. advertisement to allow the F.W. approval for projects over $100. and to submit road package to Administrative Services.. 5.170 Days __________________ 10 Days __________________ _____________ Days __________________ 6. 2. W. including modification of supplemental specifications.gov) by AQM. __________________ 30 Days __________________ * 155 .Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments Form 1 .) Advertisement Date 1. development of contract documents. Sale Advertising Period Timber Sale Bid Opening Date Period specified in the T. 80 days for Engineering to convert the timber sale road contract to Public Works format. Public Works Construction Start Date 4. (155 days minimum is recommended. Additional time for expected excusable delays for P. This time will only be added to determine the road completion date in a Timber Sale (C5. 4. See note below) Public Works Construction Award Date 3. 2. Work Plan developed.W.S.S. Total calendar days elapsed time allowed for completion of road construction Public Works contract. 30 days advertising period.000. Additionally. (see note below) 15 Days Final Road Completion Date Planned Timber Sale Termination Date __________________ __________________ * The time permissible may vary by local policy. Additional time needed between P.O. and IAS data entry and approval process must be completed.Time Estimating and Scheduling Form Road completion date will be set by determining the timber sale advertisement date and adding the following: Timber Sale (T. 15 days notice to public prior to solicitation.13#) not to ______________ Days determine contract time for a Public Works contract. 15 days synopsis (Fedbizopps. 6. Check with the Timber staff to see if there are any Regional supplements that may dictate the maximum time period.W. The time period is comprised of the following items: 1.

End of Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments Page 40 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . 8. approval.Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments 7.O. Consider additional time if access to project for pre-bid tour is not available due to inclement weather or other restrictions. HubZone or SDVOSB (Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Business) contract add 15 days for W.000 and will not be set aside as an 8a. If project is over $100.

PROJECT REQUIREMENTS 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 41 .

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Average roading costs are listed below for some standard equipment: Table 27 .Average Mobilization Percentages Total Project Cost Low High $ 50. The number of move-ins and operating seasons will increase this percentage. Smaller projects tend to show mobilization as a higher percentage of the total project cost.999 1.000 1. If the time and equipment method is used calculate mobilization. For projects of this type and others where mobilization can be readily figured in as an integral part of the listed pay item. Average bids reflect that mobilization costs are 6 percent to 10% of the total project cost.Mobilization (Labor 30-60%) Mobilization costs are those for preparatory work and operation including bonding and tasks necessary for the movement of personnel. make allowances for obtaining permits. particularly for reconstruction projects. 4000 gallon Service Trucks. it may be unnecessary to include a separate mobilization pay item in the contract. and moving personnel and materials to the job site.000 600.20 5. bonds.20 3. Listed in Table 26 are normal percentages for mobilization. Motor Patrol (CAT 12H) Loaders. 1 ton Lowboys 35 ton 50 ton Ave.80 4.Average Equipment Roading Costs per Mile Equipment Grader.70 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 43 . A.000 899. equipment. the percentage should be increased. CAT 950G Dump Trucks.Project Requirements Section 151 . Roading costs can be used for time and equipment jobs.999 900. and incidentals to the project site. Roading Costs.000 over Mobilization Costs of Project 9% 8% 7% 6% These percentages consider a normal project to have two construction seasons.000 $ 600. supplies.50 2.999./Hr) 20 20 30 30 30 25 25 $ per mile 6. usually 45% to 55% of listed rental rates.200. If specialized pieces of equipment or machines are required. 10-12 cy Water Trucks. Speed (Mi.60 5.20 5. then affix proper standby rates. and for all other work and operations which must be performed or costs incurred including obtaining permits. insurance. plus wage rates. Table 26 . The method for calculating these types of move-in costs would be to determine the time to move to the project site and begin productive operation.

and is suitable for construction surveys and slope staking.900 Mobilization should not exceed 10% of contract ($131.09 (reference Table 26) = $9.Project Requirements Example 4 .200 (rounded). Mobilization Cost = $110.900 = $131.Simple Mobilization Total of all pay items without Section 151 = $110.900 Example 5 . Detailed surveys of existing roads generally run higher than new construction due to the presence of cut/fill slopes.900 Total Engineer's Estimate = $110. and other features.000 = $21. The three-person field party consists of a party chief along with an instrument person and rod person.000 + $21. B.200 under Section 151 and the remainder. etc. and stream flow estimates.000 Total Costs = $9. so place $13.900 Crusher Movein/Moveout (reference Section 322) = $12. Section 152 . Page 44 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .900) or $13. special site investigation.000 Project Location: Wyoming Mobilization Costs = $110. Additional fieldwork may include items such as material and clearing classification. computers.$8. Hourly crew costs below are from RS Means Crew Cost Data Table for Crew A-7. than a firm specializing in only survey work.900 + $12. Construction Surveys. Survey costs for A/E negotiated survey and design contracts should be estimated using the recent contract costs if known. The engineering firm will normally have a higher overhead cost because a business engaged in survey and design work usually has more office equipment.000 x . under Section 322.Rock Crusher Mobilization Total of all pay items without Section 151 = $110.09 (reference Table 26) = $9. culverts.000 Project Location: Wyoming A rock crusher (jaw style) is required.Construction Survey And Staking (Contract Item) A. The twoperson field party consists of an instrument person and rod person. Road Location. and is suitable for level loop surveys.000 x .700. There are no recent costs for this item at the present time.

55 per mile Variable. 3.0 1.1 0. camp expenses Cost $122 per hour $180 per hour $ 77 per hour $ 60 per person per day $0.9-2.5 0. The chaining difficulty is constant with the number of PI's per mile on which this cost guide will be based.B Miles per Day Precision C. This cost estimate is broken down according to the precision desired.3 0.6 0.8 0.0 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 45 . pg 3.9 1.5 0.Survey Crew Production Rates Density of stems Extra heavy Heavy Medium Light Extra light Miles per day 0.5 2.7 0. The production for brushing is dependent upon density of stems and will vary with the requirements of the contract: Table 29 . It is. depends on project location (approximately $50/day) The following production rates should be used as a guide in estimating fieldwork: 1.9 1.7 0. The production for traverse is dependent upon the precision of survey and number of points of intersection (PI's) per mile.RS Means Survey Crew Cost Data Crew/Expense Two-person field party field work Three-person field party field work Supervision person Per diem Transportation Motel.D Miles per Day 0. Traverse: Three-person crew. Table 30 .PI Survey Crew Production Rates PI's per mile 60 to 70 50 to 60 40 to 50 30 to 40 20 to 30 10 to 20 5 to 10 Precision A.9 1. For average conditions consider a production rate of a half mile per day of completed work.56.6 0.6 0.8 0. Brushing: Three-person crew. For survey precision standards see the Survey Accuracy Standard.5 0. FSH 7709. therefore. mandatory for the estimator to know the precision required before making the estimate.F Miles per Day 0.Project Requirements Table 28 .0 Precision E.7 1.35 0. P-Line Survey: Estimate P-Line survey costs in Section 183.0 1.

he/she should adjust the production figures accordingly.0 5.650 per site. The estimator should use his/her own judgment and adjust these figures if they do not fit the individual project.7 mile per day.Level Survey Crew Production Rates Accuracy Standard A. Supervision: Allow 1 day per week of survey crew time for supervisory engineer at $620 per day. If the estimator has unusual circumstances. Therefore. Includes setting control.Cross Section Survey Crew Production Rates Slope 50% + 30 to 50% 0 to 30% Miles per day 0. this item will consider the slope only. Cross sections are generally constant in production between 0. Allow 1 to 2 hours per mile for one person at a rate of $63 per hour.5 0.4 mile to 0. Levels: Two-person crew. Materials Investigation and Testing: See Section 153 or 154 for unit costs. Mobilization: Allow move-in/move-out costs. and Boundary Marking and Posting. The brushing for extra heavy and heavy brush are figured in the brushing estimate. Contact the Forest Land Survey staff for costs associated with this type of work.4 0. Cost per site of $3. C.7 1.6 0. Table 32 . F Miles per day 0. topographic data collection. Traverse and level notes need office work in recording and computation for angles and elevation. this cost guide is based on average production figures for a given precision. Table 31 . 7. 9. B C. Checking Notes-Office Work: All notes need to be office checked for completeness. Site Surveys. Cross Sections: Three-person crew. Monumenting.900 to $7. There is no per diem allowance for this work. D. supplies.Project Requirements 4.55 per mile.D E. Corner Search.7 6. transportation at $0. 8. and plotting site plan. The production for levels is mainly dependent upon the precision of survey. Therefore. Page 46 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .

0 Side Slopes . This is based on using a 3 person crew.Project Requirements E. Construction staking us usually accomplished by either Method I .Computed Method or Method II .5 miles per day.both sides: 1.Catchpoint Measurement Method is $3.Contractor Quality Control These costs are to be included as subsidiary to the respective pay item in capital investment and 14i (turnback) estimates. Add $92. Method I . and setting one RP stake per side. markers.450 per mile. Method I: Computed Method x 1.50% and over: 1. The slope stake “catchpoint distance” shown in the stake notes may be used as a trial location to initiate slope staking. 1. Certificates of compliance 2.Computed Method. Includes costs for stakes.light: 1.00 per culvert for culvert staking using the computed Method I.Contractor Sampling And Testing There are four aspects of contractor sampling and testing: 1.Catchpoint Measurement Method.25 Brush Density . 3. staking cut and fill catchpoints. Method II . flagging. Calculating Unit Costs: Average base prices should be multiplied by the following factors to determine final unit cost. 2. This is based on an allowance of 30 minutes per culvert.0 Brush Density .0 to 30%: 1. With this method the surveyors use the template information shown in the slope stake notes to calculate the actual location of the catchpoint.Catchpoint Measurement Method.0 Side Slopes . and per diem.one side: 0.85 Slope Staking . DO NOT HAVE QUALITY CONTROL AS A SEPARATE PAY ITEM! Section 154 . With this method the surveyors locate slope stake catchpoints and clearing limits by measuring the “catchpoint distance” shown in the slope stake notes. completing 0.heavy: 1.33 Section 153 . For an average project assume camp is within 10 miles of project and access is at the beginning of each job and each job is two miles in length. The base cost for Method II . Construction Staking.5 Slope Staking . paint. travel. Field and laboratory sampling and testing 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 47 . 120 points per mile.

500. These costs decrease to approximately $15/day while the above-noted work is not in progress but work requiring contractor quantity measurements is in progress. concrete.00 $1. Field measurements 4. Idaho as of February 2009. T27 Atterberg Limits D4318/T89.00 $60. and measuring A.00 $42.00 $100. D1557/T99.00 $42. Boise.00 $50.00 $42.00 $42.00 $15. Project Records.00 $125.Project Requirements 3. excavation (Placement Methods 1 and 2). Density and Moisture C140 ---ASPHALT INSPECTION and TESTING Asphalt Field Density Testing D2922 Asphalt Coring D979 Asphalt Core Specific Gravity. graded aggregate (not pit run). and minor culvert installation have quality control record keeping costs of approximately $15/day while work requiring contractor quantity measurements is in progress.00 $80. Weight Asphalt Content-by Ignition Method D6307/T308 Mechanical Analysis D5444 ---MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS Professional Engineer Per Diem Mobile Laboratory Units hours each each each hours hours hours hours each hours hours set of 3 set of 4 set of 3 set of 3 set of 3 hours hours each each each hours day month Rate $45. Diameter.00 $75. T90 Sample Pick Up Subgrade Inspector/Geologist ---CONCRETE INSPECTION and TESTING Concrete Inspector Epoxy Bolt/Dowel Inspector Concrete Cylinders C39/T22 Cylinders Pick Up ---MASONRY INSPECTION and TESTING Masonry Inspector Mortar Cylinders Strength C109/T106 Grout Prisms C1019 CMU Compressive Strength (Prisms) (Grouted) C1314 CMU Compressive Strength (Block Only) C140 CMU Absorption. Projects that include controlled compaction for excavation. Records of sampling.00 $125.00 $90.00 $75. asphalt.Coarse and Fine C117. testing.00 $100.00 $42.Materials Testing and Inspection Costs Item ---SOILS INSPECTION and TESTING Field Density Testing D2922 Proctor D698. Projects that basically consist of clearing. B.00 $225.00 $90.00 $45. Sampling and Testing The following testing costs are from Materials Testing and Inspection. and similar work requiring specific sampling and testing (Included in FSSS 153 or FSSS 154) have quality control record keeping costs of approximately $25/day while the above-noted work is in progress.00 $75. T180 Sieve Analysis. C136/T11.00 Page 48 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . Table 33 . Height.00 $45. major drainage structures.00 $140.

the costs for Section 153 should be prorated among the individual roads or road segments based on project size and the type of work included in each individual road project.400/week for more complex projects if only one technician is required.65 $85. If difficult construction work such as rock blasting or large culvert replacement is anticipated on existing roads. clearing. payment and the cost estimate should be subsidiary to that item. All too often road openings are for the convenience of the Forest Service and have little bearing on public use. Hauling of aggregate or borrow are examples of this. public works or timber sale. A. Maintenance associated with transport of right-of-way timber will be included in construction cost only for capital investment projects and only when timber becomes property of the contractor. not including costs for individual tests.Project Requirements Item Mileage Letter of Affidavit Units miles hours Rate $0.00 Overall costs for contractor sampling and testing. Payment for construction induced maintenance can be made in several ways. it may be advisable to add this cost to Mobilization rather than spread it over several items. The cost of a mobile lab may be required for more complex projects. depending on the situation. When more than one road project is included in a contract. For simplicity. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 49 . Traffic volumes normally found on most Forest Service roads generally do not justify opening the road more than once during the work shift. and only if the road has significant traffic. particularly during weekdays. culverts. This is due to the decrease in work efficiency and production on the part of the contractor and increased liabilities for public safety. Section 156 . etc. CIM should be included in and made a requirement of the contract. When CIM is required to support a specific construction activity.Public Traffic The cost of opening a road under reconstruction to traffic several times during the day can add as much as 50% to the normal cost of excavation. This cost is primarily associated with any contractor measurement that is required. Add up to $1.000/week for each additional technician required. For those contracts or projects having a small amount of contractor QC per the FSSS's (no specific field tests). all costs are incidental to other items and should not exceed $50-$100/week. should range from $500/week for relatively simple projects to $1. total road closure should be considered in the interest of public safety and cost savings. Construction Induced Maintenance (CIM).

Costs may be estimated directly under Section 157 and shown on the Schedule of Items or may be subsidiary to other pay items (the parent section). i. Section 157 . it may be advisable to estimate and make payment based on actual quantities under Section 622. A. Silt Fence.. waterbars constructed on roads during construction.05 Filter Barriers. C5. appropriate Forest Service Supplemental Specifications to Section 156 are required to define the work and indicate how payment will be included in the contract. or they may be items that have been designed specifically for erosion control.e.11 Temporary Turf Establishment. Earth Berms. When all or part of this cost is exclusively for erosion control.Project Requirements If the CIM is required to support general construction access and traffic. After calculating cost. The purpose of the berm is for a reduction of erosion. Timing may impact costs. The estimator should consider all measures used to provide this protection. The cost of this work is directly related to Section 157. It should be used in the contract specifically as a soil erosion item.. this work should be priced under Section 201 and/or 203. determine labor percentage and make appropriate reductions for timber sales. material and equipment. Page 50 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . In all cases.09 Diversions. CIM can be a subsidiary item to mobilization. Some examples of cost item determination are: Section 157. Due to the possibility of 14i turnbacks. This cost should not be considered under Section 625. Be sure to follow directions regarding commensurate shares when estimating and specifying this work. estimate by time. i. This work is accomplished solely for the purpose of erosion control. Cost Estimating Guidelines For items not listed here or covered under other items. This is a specialized pay item and would not fall under other items of work. Section 157.312 shall not be used to cover CIM under timber sales. under Section 157. it should be shown as a cost under Section 157. Rental Equipment.Soil Erosion Control This work consists of temporary and permanent measures incorporated into the project to reduce and control soil erosion and water pollution.e. Section 157. Payment for this item may be subsidiary to other items or paid for under Section 157. Measures taken may be in areas that in the past have been considered "normal practice". an alternate source which may be more costly is necessary. if rock blankets are required prior to constructing a road to a pit run borrow source. If the amount of CIM is uncertain or likely to be variable. If the primary purpose of the windrow is slash disposal.

Gravel Blanket Sheathing Silt Fence 3 ft. high. Permanent Water Bars Constructed to design depth and location.40 $23-$32 60-70% 35-50% cy LF LF Materials. Time and Equipment $7-$12 $0. Should be constructed just prior to compaction.18-$0. but near CMPs and also midway between CMPs.Soil Erosion and Water Pollution Control Costs Description of Work Temp Seeding and Fertilizing Seed at 30 lb/acre. Time and Equipment $7-$9 50-60% 30% Dam Temporary Water Bars Constructed very shallow upgrade. Temp waterbars will not provide adequate protection when installed with soil in overly saturated state.D7 w/ operator and Cat 12H w/ operator each each 30%-40% each $20-$40 20% each $105-$145 Cost from Section 204 25% 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 51 .50-$6.23 Cost from Section 204 Materials. rate of production is 15-20 bars/hr. w/o removal. Estimate construction just prior to compaction. also used below outlet of cross-drains in highly erosive soil areas and in ditches.Cat D7 w/ operator rate of production is 510 bars/ hour Drain Dips Equipment . Equipment . includes wood stakes Earth Berm Pay Unit acre Estimated Cost $400-$610 Percent Labor 20-40% acre $1500-$1900 30-40% acre $2000-$4000 20-50% SY each $4. etc Straw/Hay Bales (Weed free required) Bales placed by hand below CMP's prior to installation at live water.Project Requirements Table 34 . seed and fertilizer in one application Fertilizer at 200 lb/acre Dry Mulching (Weed Free Straw) Seed at 30 lb/acre Fertilizer at 200 lb/acre Straw at 2 tons/acre Hydromulching Seed at 40 lb/acre Fertilizer at 200 lb/acre J-TACK H-S at 120-160 lb/acr Wood Cellulose Fiber at 150-300 lb/acre Hay or Straw at 2 tons/acre Water as Necessary Temporary Netting Should price using specific Material / Labor. Not intended for permanent use. Aggregate may be placed over temp waterbars. no additional allowance made for compaction. Equipment .Cat 12H w/ operator.

long walks or difficult vehicle access can also increase the survey costs. constructing a large check dam or constructing a spur road. than a firm specializing in only survey work. Use the following production rates as a guide in estimating fieldwork: Page 52 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . vegetation density and time schedule. For base and surface courses.5 miles per day. B. Haul costs include truck and driver time. walk. computers. including haul (assuming 5 -10 mile round trip from water source). Normally.Project Requirements Section 170 . C. compute these costs by using time and equipment methods. D. For embankment construction. watering costs are estimated using time and equipment and the cost is considered subsidiary and included in the unit costs of other items such as excavation and aggregate. Haul Costs. coordinate with them when costing for this item. project access (drive. etc. terrain. estimate 5-10 gallons/cy. Section 183 . Reestablishment of old P-Line can be estimated to cost about $870/mile. Total Cost. special site investigation. The engineering firm will normally have a higher overhead cost because a business engaged in survey and design work usually has more office equipment. and stream flow estimates. etc). Estimated Quantity. Watering cost includes installing either a pump or gravity system to fill the tanker. Hourly survey crew costs are available in Table 28. Calculate haul costs from the source to the center of project. Center of project is the center of embankment mass for excavation and linear center of project for base and surfacing. General.P Line Survey P-Line costs are generally dependent on survey standards. Establishment of spike camps can add costs to a project. Unit costs range from $31 to $38 per thousand gallons. Additional fieldwork may include items such as material and clearing classification. Survey costs for A/E negotiated survey and design contracts should be estimated using the recent contract costs if known. If any other work is required such as digging a basin. filling time. Estimator is cautioned that designs including this section as a separate pay item require additional inspection and control by FS contract administration personnel during construction. camp. and haul.Develop Water Supply and Watering (Labor 50-70%) A. estimate 35-44 gallons/cy or 20-25 gallons/ton. based on using a 2 person crew and a production rate of 1.

Materials Investigation and Testing.) based on easy terrain and minimal brush. E. plan and profile. See Section 153 or 154 for unit costs. All types of construction surveying except for P-Line surveys should be estimated in Section 152. Ranges from $2.). This work includes collection of traverse and cross section data needed for low volume road design. D. For average conditions consider a production rate of a half mile per day of completed work. cross sections.68 B. Table 35 . See Section 152 for unit costs. mileage.35 0.500 per mile for new construction. and the width of the cross-section swath.55 0.45 0. Mobilization. P-Line Survey. Three-person crew. See Section 152 for unit costs. Costs for completed surveys range from $2490 . Supervision. flagging. The production for P-line survey is dependent upon the precision of survey and number of points of intersection (PI's) per mile.800 to 3. paint. including supplies(stakes. Other Types of Surveying. and plan-in-hand reviews. Checking Notes-Office Work. C.$4280 per mile.Project Requirements A.P-Line Survey Production Rates PI's per mile 176 132 106 88 Average P-Line Spacing (ft) 30 40 50 60 Miles per Day 0. and travel expenses(per diem. etc. Section 185 . See Section 152 for unit costs.Low Volume Road Design Road design includes classification. End of Project Requirements 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 53 . etc. F.

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CLEARING AND EARTHWORK 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 55 .

Clearing and Earthwork

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Clearing and Earthwork

Section 201 - Clearing And Grubbing
(Labor 40-55%) and

Section 202 - Additional Clearing And Grubbing
A. General. There are too many variables reflected in the bids to use them solely as a basis for costs. Therefore Figure 1 is given as a starting point for an "average" new construction project. The designer will need to consider the uniqueness of the project and estimate accordingly. Also consider the amount of vacant (no clearing) area in relation to the acreage being cleared. The factors used are based on the use of the hydraulic excavator for clearing/pioneering. B. Clearing Classification. 1. Classification by volume per acre of timber within clearing limits: The classification of clearing by volume per acre is shown on Figure 1, this section. It is essential that timber volumes be estimated within accuracy standards. Estimators should request gross volume figures from Vegetation Management for estimating use. Clearing cost estimates should compensate for down material as well as that which is standing. In some cases the down volume is insignificant while in others it may be more difficult to handle than standing volume. Therefore, an adjustment factor for down material of 0 to 1.2 is appropriate. Example 6 - Clearing Amount Estimate Gross volume from timber cruise: Gross down volume: Factor for down material: Volume for classification: 12 + (6 x 0.5) =

12 Mbf/Acre 6 Mbf/Acre 0.5 15 Mbf/Acre

C. Classification by Stand Description. Clearing classification by stand description is based on a uniform mixture of large and small trees. The classification can be based on the stem spacing and average diameter as shown on Figure 2, this section, or by the guidelines below. Additional items to be considered are the amount and size of down material and the size of stumps and limbs.    EXTRA LIGHT: Few tops and limbs. Few, if any, cull logs. Low scattered brush. Little or no falling or yarding of unmerchantable timber required. LIGHT: Light to moderate amount of tops and limbs. Few cull logs. Light brush. Little to moderate falling or skidding of unmerchantable required. MEDIUM: Light to moderate amount of cull logs. Many tops and limbs. Tall brush or dense unmerchantable trees requiring falling. Some unmerchantable material requiring skidding.

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Clearing and Earthwork  HEAVY: Many tops and limbs from dense stand of unmerchantable timber. Tall, heavy brush or dense unmerchantable pole stand requiring falling and bucking numerous cull logs. Yarding of unmerchantable necessary. EXTRA HEAVY: Much cull material requiring falling. Many large, downed cull trees. Area may be swampy or wet. Closely spaced extra large stumps. Thick duff and other organic material.

D. Topographic Factor. The cost-per-acre figures should be adjusted by the following topographic factors. Table 36 - Clearing and Grubbing Topographic Factors
Ground Slope Gentle (under 20%) Moderate (20 to 45%) Steep (over 45%) Areas that require more than one pioneer or a long boom machine due to high cut/fill Factor 0.8 1.0 1.1-1.3 1.4-2.0

E. Slash/Cleanup Factor. The cost-per-acre figures must also be adjusted by the slash cleanup factor if the required treatment method is other than windrowing. Care must be exercised in applying this factor, however. For example, "scattering" in steep terrain or in areas of dense undergrowth can result in significantly higher costs than windrowing. The adjustment factor 1.15 for scattering would apply for average side slopes and open understory. If stumps are to be split or partially buried, the factor used for them may need to be adjusted. Table 37 - Clearing and Grubbing Slash/Cleanup Factors
Treatment Method Windrow Windrow and Cover Scattering Burying Chipping Pile and Burn Deck Unmerchantable Material Disposal in Cutting Units Removal Piling Placing slash on embankment slopes Factor 1.0 - 1.1 1.25 1.15 - 1.35 1.6 - 2.0 1.75 1.6 - 2.0 1.1 1.2 2.0 1.3 1.4

Different treatment methods may be specified for Tops and Limbs, Logs, and Stumps. When this occurs, the following slash treatment combinations should be used to prorate costs based on the treatment method specified for each type of slash. Adjustments can be made to meet local project conditions.

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35)(1.Clearing and Earthwork Table 38 . Clearing costs associated with campgrounds will normally be higher. Section 202 .15) = 1. no separate allowance is generally required. Cost allowance for painting and branding of logs.Windrow Stumps .Individual Removal of Trees (Labor 45-60%) This includes falling and windrowing the slash of hazard trees that lie outside of the clearing limits. The cost allowances for these situations should consider the treatment of tops and limbs. but not grubbed. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 59 . where required.Scatter Adjusted Slash Treatment Factor = Tops and Limbs Logs (0. is considered incidental to the clearing cost estimate.Slash Treatment Combinations Clearing Classification X-Light Light Medium Heavy X-Heavy Tops and Limbs (%) 30 30 35 40 20 Logs (%) 10 20 35 30 40 Stumps (%) 60 50 30 30 40 Example 7 . and for windrowing right-of-way slash in dense lodgepole pine stands. Average cost: $160 per tree. for burning bays. Cost to fall and leave snags outside of clearing limits equals $23 each.26 Other: Additional areas and/or strips may need to be cleared. decking areas.35)(1.Pile and Burn Logs .Slash/Clean Up Factor Treatment Methods: Tops and Limbs .30)(1.00) + Stumps (0.6) + (0. but not stumps. and logs.

Clearing and Grubbing (Costs Based on Windrowing) 5500 D o l 4500 l a r 4000 s p e r 3000 A c 2500 r e 2000 3500 5000 1500 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Right of Way Volume (MBF/Acre) Right of Way Volume (MBF/Acre) Dollars per Acre 0 1300 5 1630 10 1910 15 2170 20 2600 25 3050 30 3450 35 3900 40 4300 45 4740 50 5150 Page 60 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .Clearing and Earthwork Figure 1 .

Clearing and Earthwork Figure 2 .Equivalent Volume using Average Diameters and Stem Spacing 140 EXTRA LIGHT (0-5 MBF/Acre) 120 100 LIGHT (5-15 MBF/Acre) 80 60 (15-30 MBF/Acre) MEDI UM 40 HEAVY (30-50 MBF-Acre) 20 EXTRA HEAVY 2 0 0 (50+ MBF/Acre) 10 20 30 40 50 AVERAGE DIAMETER (INCHES) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 61 .

7 hours per mile. B. Treated Timber Bridges: $5. Disposal by hauling away treated timbers.Clearing and Earthwork Clearing And Grubbing for Existing Roadbeds (Labor 40-60) A. General. depending on abutment height and span.900 . This cost range considers the grubbing of the roadbed. Native Log Bridge: Disposal of timbers adjacent to site $1.  Light ($600-$1. The designer will need to consider the uniqueness of the project and estimate accordingly.260-$6. Medium ($1.$8. Clearing classification by stand description is based on an average mixture of size. Removal of Existing Bridges. Production rate approximately 11 -20 hours per mile. Disposal method by scatter.800. If a replacement structure will not be installed in the vacated crossing.300.700-$3. Clearing Classification By Stand Description.300/mile) Trees and brush densely spaced along the entire roadway. This cost range considers the grubbing of the roadbed. allow for the cost of the appropriate road closure method and appropriate warning signs if needed. Heavy ($1.) Few trees and low brush scattered along the shoulders of the roadway. Page 62 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .000/mile. and density of the trees and brush on the roadbed. Extra Heavy ($3. Production rate approximately 3 .300 .000-$1. Use the equipment and labor costs in computing the cost.    Section 203 .Removal Of Structures and Obstructions (Labor 50-60%) A.$2. 2.5 hours per mile.260/mile) Trees and brush scattered throughout the entire roadway. Typical prices are: 1. Consider the spacing as well as the diameter of the trees and brush to be cleared when classifying the material. spacing. Production rate approximately 7 -11 hours per mile.700/mile) Trees and brush along the entire length of the shoulders of the roadway. This item should be estimated on an individual basis. Production rate approximately 5 .

Table 39 .. Excavation for constructing catch basins on reconstruction projects which add drainage should have the same unit cost as the culvert excavation. disposal. Use the material adjustment factor to change the base cost for each type of excavation. The average base cost of common excavation in Idaho Area 1 is $1.75 3. 1.0 5.75 1. therefore. Cost of equipment. pipes. This should be a separate pay item.0-8. This should be estimated using time and equipment.) have more impact on costs for small jobs because a full range of conditions may not exist as in a larger job. needs to be considered. additional allowances may be necessary for removal of approach fills.66/cy.5 1. labor.0 A.0 5. Consideration should be given to the salvage value and disposal method of the culvert. Base costs are to be adjusted by adding the following if required.Excavation and Embankment (Labor 20-45%) Bid history shows little fluctuations in unit prices due to project size. Section 204 . Removal and Stockpiling/Disposing of Cattleguards. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 63 .Excavation and Embankment Adjustment Factors Type Common Loose rock Talus rock Small glacial Boulders Rippable rock Large glacial boulders Solid/Shot rock Factor 1. This is based upon an effective hourly production rate for a CAT D7H of 120 cy/hour. etc. Base Cost: The average base cost of common excavation $1. classification. Localized conditions (slope. Removal and Disposal of Pipe Culverts. This item must be estimated on an individual basis. and for disposal of hazardous and toxic materials such as creosoted beams. Make allowance for filling in the hole resulting from the removal..5-1. Both jobs will be done using the same equipment. Also consider if the culvert is being replaced at the same location.Clearing and Earthwork B. etc. Use the equipment and labor costs in computing the cost (see Section 622 and Labor Rates). C.66/cy. Note: In addition to the above costs for removal of bridges. move-in and move-out of any special equipment. costs should be similar. etc.0 1. reclamation and rehabilitation work.

19/LF $1.Less than 50% retained on a No.130 F/G/H 4 $760 I/J/K/L/M 2 $380 For Double Lane.38 $0.130 I/J/K/L/M 4 $750 Table 41 .More than 80% retained on a No.400 D/E 8 $1.min. there will be no additional cost for benching fill slopes as work will be done during clearing/pioneering. Benching Fill Slopes: Assuming work is performed with a D-7 dozer 30-50% slope: > 50 percent slope: $1.130 b.020 B/C 10 $1.Clearing and Earthwork 2. Compaction Method: Compaction does not include water. Scarifying: Costs include motor patrol.890 D/E 6 $1.Shaping and Finishing Costs per Mile of Single Lane Roads with Ditch Tolerance Class Rate (hrs/mi) Cost A 28 $5. 3 passes Method C .Shaping and Finishing Costs per Mile of Single Lane Roads without Ditch Tolerance Class Rate (hrs/mi) Cost A 16 $3. Finishing: a.99/LF $/cy $1.4 Sieve Method A(3) . multiply single lane cost by 1.Roller Compaction . 4 Sieve Method B . Table 40 .65 Note: If hydraulic excavators are used.50 $0.20 $1. Page 64 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . Shaping and Finishing: Make additional allowance for watering if needed.Compaction by Hauling and Spreading Equipment 3. Type Light Average Heavy Rate 3 hours/mile 4 hours/mile 6 hours/mile $/Mile $570 $750 $1.500 F/G/H 6 $1.35. Compaction Methods from complete WO FSSS 204 Method A(1) .280 B/C 18 $3. 4. and pickup. Make an allowance for water and include cost in Section 204.50% to 80% retained on a No. laborer.03 $1.4 Sieve Method A(2) .

620/mile 9. relatively flat ground: $0.75/cy 300 Feet $8. Conservation of Topsoil: Assume 3” layer of topsoil.88/cy or $595/mile b. Push Distance  150 Feet $7. Water: Estimate under Section 170 (see Complete WO FSSS 170).700. 8. 14 feet wide a. Adjusted cost with traffic control = $5.3 = $7. Conservation of Rock: For use when excavating with a dozer and excavator and placing in small stockpile within 300 ft. 10. or include an allowance under this item. Open to traffic at end of work shift: Sum excavation costs Base cost plus options and add 5%.71 $0.: $2. Haul: Haul should be calculated by Time and Equipment methods.71 $1. Traffic Control: a.Clearing and Earthwork 5.410 b. c. Open to traffic once during work shift: Sum excavation costs Base cost plus options and add 15%. Base cost plus options and add 30%. Stripping topsoil with tracked loader and placing in stockpile within 300 ft. the added cost of loading and hauling should be calculated.700 x 1.37/cy or $1. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 65 .51/cy 7. Loading Material into Trucks: Common and loose rock Stockpiles Ripped rock Blasted rock and large boulders $/cy $0.70 6. Open to traffic twice during shift: Sum excavation costs. When excavating and hauling to central stockpile or use point beyond 300 feet. Stripping topsoil and windrowing with grader.00 $3. Example: Summed cost for 204 = $5.

28 miles b. If armoring of dips is desired. Compaction Method C. Shaping and Finishing: 4. Pit Development: Estimate under Section 651 (see Complete WO FSSS 651). Drainage Excavation and Furrow Ditches.200 per mile or $. Rounding Cut Slopes. native surfaced road with ditch.N/A. Estimate by time and equipment. The same piece of equipment is required for small quantities or larger amounts. make an allowance for the work incidental to the installation of the dip or include the appropriate aggregate item. Continuous Berms cost about $1. Earth Berms.96 miles Traffic Control . Drainage excavation can be estimated most easily by the lineal foot.Sample Earthwork Calculations Given: 4. applies to sophisticated "rounding" after initial pioneering and excavation.18 miles average -1.36 miles heavy . E. 30% labor.1500 LF >50% .96 miles of single lane.2500 LF Finishing: a. Drainage Dips. no allowance for haul is needed. Location is Utah Area 2 80. estimate by time and equipment procedures. This work. and not to blending of the cutslope with the natural ground during initial excavation which is done by a hydraulic excavator. Drainage dips on reconstruction can be estimated at $105 to $143 each depending on difficulty of excavation.23/LF Example 8 . Site conditions govern more than size considerations. C. but one may use something less efficient for very small amounts. Design is self-balanced. costs range from $0. B.000 cy excavation 70% common 15% rippable rock 15% blasting rock Benching: 30-50% slope . D. if specified. Scarification: light -2. Tolerance Class G. Page 66 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .Clearing and Earthwork 11.15/LF.77 to $1.0.

Benching Benching (30-50%): $1.000 cy * $0. Note.99 * 0.000 cy * 0.0 * $1.60 1.19 * 1.000 cy * 0.00 LF * benching cost LF * benching cost 1.40 5.96 mi * $1.00 Step 2 .000.000 cy * 0. the haul of asphalt and aggregate may be a contract item. If so.00 59.0 * $1. if the subcontractor is expected to pay Davis-Bacon wages.785.66 cy * base cost * material factor cy * base cost * material factor cy * base cost * material factor $92. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 67 .80 80.600.15 * 5.66 Blast: 80. 35%. costs are incidental to and included in other items of work.263.99 * 0.960.00 99.Clearing and Earthwork Solution: Step 1 .99/cy For Utah Area 2.00 316.Finishing Scarifying: Light: 2.242. (Note: The adjustment factor comes from Table 22 in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide) Adjusted Unit Cost for Engineer’s Estimate = $3.00 4.263.98 for 30% labor.18 mi * $570 Average: 1.98 = $3.00 mile * scarifying cost mile * scarifying cost mile * scarifying cost mile * tolerance class 1.Compaction Method Compaction Method C: 80. (The adjustment factor comes from Table 21 in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide.604.Base Cost Common: 80.500 Step 4 . the Adjustment Factor for Equipment Differences is 0.99 for 30% labor.99 * 2.130 Shaping and Finishing: Tolerance Class G: 4.87/cy Haul (30-40% labor) This is not a pay item.) For all Areas in Utah .975.66 Rippable: 80.500 Benching (> 50%): $1. the Adjustment Factor for Public Works Davis-Bacon Areas is 0. Labor: Cu Yd Mile.15 * 3.80 $319.70 * $1.020. do not reduce.36 mi * $750 Heavy: 0.000 cy 52.130 Total Engineer’s Estimate Unit Cost = $319.28 mi * $1.80 $3.760.65 cy * compaction cost Step 3 .

sight distance.. and turnaround in addition to the variable "underway" cost while hauling equipment is moving.e. When computing variable haul cost. etc) on the route preclude loading trucks to rated capacity. city streets. The average distance from the point of dumping to the turnaround should be included in the variable cost haul distance. on two-lane roads no addition is usually necessary since the trucks can turnaround nearby. riprap. The following are general guidelines the estimator should use in determining average round-trip travel speeds for haul computations. borrow. Haul of material includes the fixed costs (for the truck only) of spotting. should be derived with the use of the following procedure.. steep grades. aggregate. Use the correct truck for the type of road on the haul route (belly dumps are inappropriate for crooked narrow roads). road width. alignment. the compaction factor. poor sight distances and few turnouts Dirt or gravel surface. Loading costs for the loading labor and equipment should be included under the parent specification for that work. etc. therefore. vehicle quantity.Clearing and Earthwork Cost for cubic yard-mile haul of excavation. turnout spacing. must be adjusted to fit the method of measurement. good to excellent alignment. i. loading. the estimator should consider all the factors that effect the haul over each segment of the haul route. CF = in place density loose density To compute haul of aggregate. etc. adequate turnouts. On single-lane roads this may range up to 2-3 miles additional length. CF. and good sight distance Gravel or paved surface. type of surface. compacted in place. grades to 8%. Variable costs should be increased if load limits (bridges. Haul of excavated material is to be measured (for payment) in terms of excavated cubic yards in the original position (in place). excellent sight distance Page 68 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . riprap. borrow excavation. road condition. make allowance. numerous sharp curves. dumping. and other traffic using the road. Costs shown below are based on loose cubic yards. These factors include grade.. etc. double lane. Average Travel Speed 5-15 mph 10-30 mph 25-50 mph Road Characteristics Narrow dirt road. Also. single lane. fair to good alignment. moderate grades to 6%. a compaction factor adjustment (CF) must be made to provide costs based on excavated cubic yards. if there are similar conditions at the material source which affect travel distance. in place.

01 $0.84 $0. Variable Cost: Cost per cy-Mile computed based on round trip distance.Clearing and Earthwork 1.851 + $979 = $5.09 $1. Fixed Cost: Increase fixed costs to reflect difficult or unique situations in loading or dumping material.38 $0. Speed Roundtrip 25 Length in Miles (one way) 10.5 Variable Cost ($/cy .69 $0.830 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 69 .84/cy-Mile x 550 cy = $4. Example: Using 12 cy End Dumps. such as asphalt or riprap.78/cy x 550 cy = $979 The total haul cost is the sum of the variable costs and fixed cost = $4.51 $1.50 $0.30 $1.84 Cubic Yards Hauled 550 Total Variable Cost($) $ Calculate the Variable Cost in dollars for each segment by multiplying the one way haul distance in miles by the Cubic Yards Hauled over that segment times the Variable Cost Rate($/cy-Mile) which is based on the average speed and type of truck used.76 $0.52 $0.42 20 cy Bottom Dump ($/cy-Mile) $1.Example Haul Costs Road Segment or Number 333 Avg.74/cy mph 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 Example 9 .5 miles x $0.851 Calculate the Fixed Cost by multiplying the Fixed Unit Cost for the type of truck hauling by the number of Cubic Yards hauled. Example: Using 12 cy End Dumps. 12 cy End Dump ($/cy-Mile) $2. 12 cy End Dump 18 to 20 cy Bottom/Belly Dump 2. $1.05 $0.Mile) $0.41 $1.60 $0. 10.78/cy $1.

Section 211 . make an allowance for haul to a temporary stockpile site. removing culverts.$1. depending upon fill height. This cost is based on production rates from 4-6 hours per mile with a D-7 dozer. costs range from $900 .$310 each. The work includes excavation required to get down to foundation elevation and sufficient trench width to install the structure.Structure Excavation And Backfill For Selected Major Structures (Labor 40%) B.Clearing and Earthwork Section 208 . Make allowances for sampling and testing if required by the specification used. Due to the variance in complexity to obliterate a road. Typical Costs. $450 . and the cost of the return haul. For removal of shallow installed cross drain culverts. In addition. if required. cost out by time and equipment methods. Cost ranges from $155 . For light scarifying with a grader. $450 . For culverts with higher fills. The costs below are for reference. make cost allowances for stream diversions. solid rock. A laborer should be included to saw replacement slash and seed/fertilize behind the equipment. $17 to $36 cy . time and equipment methods should be used. allow 1-2 hours per removal with an excavator. backfilling. For roadbeds where just outsloping the template is required.$600 per mile. and rounding off the cutslope to complete removal of the road template and recontouring to the original natural profile. additional clearing required to remove culvert. or culverts in live streams. Page 70 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . For ripping 6 . and production rates should be site specific to the roadway to be obliterated. The haul allowance should also include the cost for loading trucks at the temporary stockpile site for return haul to the structure. etc. These costs are based on production rates of 3-4 hours per mile. using the assumptions shown. Higher prices can be expected for excavation of large boulders. and compaction with a roller.12 inches with a dozer (one complete pass out and back). More if large boulders are present or if there are excessive dewatering problems. and whether or not haul to a disposal site is needed. These costs are based on production rates of 3-4 hours per mile. and slash disposal.$900 per mile. to ripping and scarifying the road surface.Roadway Obliteration (Labor 20-35%) Obliteration may range from merely blocking access to a road to allow natural vegetation to become re-established. If excavated material cannot be placed adjacent to the site on the roadway.350 per mile. taking into account the quantity of excavation required.

Contact your local Botanist to determine appropriate seed mix. mulch. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 71 . excavation. The entire preconstruction effort including location. It can be used in conjunction with most construction control methods. Typical production rates range from 200 LF per hour for low to moderate sideslopes (10-30%) to 100 LF per hour for steeper sideslopes (>30%). and cost estimating should be consistent with the road standard. On roads with culvert removals or re-contouring. Cost is $23 each. design. or other means. a dozer and excavator working together is typically used. numerous culvert installations. and fertilizer. as more care will be required during excavation to avoid damaging the pipe. For roads requiring full re-contour. as well as the recommended application rates. or over dissected topography where non-self balanced sections prevail. For non-drivable water bars. survey. make allowance for disposal of the culverts. typically this is removal from National Forest land. mulch type. desired end product. A high degree of sophistication is not warranted when developing the cost estimate for this work. the seeding must be done as the work progresses from the end toward the beginning as access will be cut off. and risk factor. Use of this specification is NOT appropriate for roads with complex horizontal alignments. and fertilizer to apply. In order to recover the entire fill embankment additional clearing may be required to reach the toe of fill. consider appropriate seeding season to optimize successful seed catch. use a rate of 10 per hour with a D-7. allow additional time for removal. boulders.320 . Section 212 .$18. Also consider signs if appropriate. Costs range from $9. Follow the Forest policy for blocking access and consider signs if appropriate. Jersey Barriers. and erosion control. Blocking access to a road may be accomplished by a gate.Clearing and Earthwork For all culvert removals. Also. Other requirements may include seed.700 per mile.Linear Grading (Labor 40%) This section is intended for use on single purpose roads in relatively gentle/moderate and uniform terrain. If the culverts are to be salvaged and stockpiled. Cost out the work by time and equipment methods. The specification combines clearing and grubbing.

For example: 1V:3H.0) + (% Blast and Boulders)(5.25 Widening Factor = No additional widening = 1. finishing and/or shaping. turnouts. turnarounds. Material Factor = (% Common)(1. Multiply the cy per mile by the length of the road segment in miles to get the total excavation. drainage dips. To determine costs. use the procedure outlined below. haul.0 Some through fills and free haul = 1.0) Topography Factor = Self balanced sections = 1. Add additional cost for scarifying (if necessary).0 Page 72 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . etc. Seeding Seed cut and fill slopes only that are 1:1 or flatter Note: To ensure that your slopes are never misunderstood.see Section 201. or haul. The assumptions listed below were used in preparing the tables: Excavation Based on self-balanced sections.10 feet beyond toe of fill to allow for slash windrow construction) . slough widening.5 to 1. Obtain the base excavation cost from Section 204. insert a "V" and an "H" in the ratio. Clearing and Grubbing: Clearing limits (3 ft beyond top of cut . No allowance is included for drain dips. Step 2 Determine excavation quantity in cubic yards per mile using the existing average sideslope and applicable compaction factor.0) + (%Loose Rock)(1.minimum 24' width Topographic factor . and additional widening by multiplying the base excavation cost by the respective adjustment factors. Adjust the excavation cost for materials. curve widening. Be sure to use the correct table for the appropriate road backslope and road template. Use appropriate compaction factor column for your soil type.Clearing and Earthwork Use of Table 36 through Table 45 on the following pages is quite appropriate and fits the intent of the specification.75) + (% Rip)(3. Step 1 Determine which quantity table to use based on road width and backslopes. The tables are for roads without a ditch. topography.

Clearing and Earthwork For slough widening, turnouts every 1,000 ft, log truck curve widening, turnarounds one per mile use a factor of 1.15, or add cost using 204 for turnouts as follows. For turnarounds, double the cubic yards. Cubic Yards Turnouts Turnarounds 31 62 86 172 223 446

Sideslopes 20% 40% 60%

Drainage Dips: See Section 204 for costs Total Excavation Cost = (Base Cost) x (Material Factor) x (Topography Factor) x (Widening Factor) + (Drainage Dips) + (Haul) Step 3 Determine Clearing and Grubbing quantity in acres per mile by using the existing average sideslope. (Note: the minimum clearing width is 24 feet or 3 acres per mile.) Multiply the Acres per mile by the length of the road segment in miles to get the total clearing acres. The acres per mile in the tables are based upon a clearing limit of 10 feet beyond the toe of fill to allow room for windrow construction. If the additional clearing area is NOT required, reduce the clearing acres by 10 ft x 5280 / 43560 = 1.2 Acres per mile for sideslopes above 30%. Obtain the base clearing cost per acre from Section 201 for the applicable clearing classification. Adjust the clearing cost by multiplying the base clearing and grubbing cost by the slash disposal adjustment and the widening factors. Slash Disposals Factors: Windrowing Scattering Piling Widening Factors: No additional widening Slough widening, turnouts, log truck curve widening, turnarounds

1.0-1.1 1.15-1.35 1.3

1.0 1.2

Step 4 Determine the Seeding quantity in acres per mile by estimating using the existing average sideslope. Multiply the Acres per mile by the length of the road segment in miles to get the total seeding acres. No seeding is applied to 1.33V:1H (¾:1) slopes as seed and mulch will not stay in place. Obtain the costs for the seed/mulch/fertilizer application from Section 625. Step 5 Total results from steps 2, 3, and 4 to determine unit cost.

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Clearing and Earthwork Example 10 - Linear Grading Construction Linear Grading Cost Location: Wyoming Area 1 Length: 1.7 miles Average side slope: 30% Compaction factor: 25% Clearing classification: Medium (25Mbf/Acre) Windrow construction slash Excavation classification: 85% common 15% rip 0% blast Template: 14 ft w/o ditch, 1.33V:1H (3/4:1) backslope, self balanced sections, no through fills or free haul. Allow for turnouts every 1,000 feet, normal curve widening, one turnaround per mile, and 4 drainage dips. Seed, dry method, without mulch. Step 1: Base excavation cost = $1.66 per cy (from Section 204) Cubic Yards = 2353 cy/mile(from Table 45) x 1.7 miles = 4,000 cy Adjusted excavation cost: Material Factor = (0.85 *1.0) + (0.15 *3.0) + (0 *5.0) = 1.3 Topography Factor = 1.0 Widening Factor = 1.15 Drainage Dips = 4 at $105 each = $420 Cost = (4,000 cy * $1.66 * 1.3 *1.0 *1.15) + $420 = $10,347 Step 2: Base Clearing Cost = $3,050 per Acre (from Section 201) Clearing Acres = 4.0 Acres/mile x 1.7 miles = 6.8 Acres Adjusted Clearing Cost: Slash Disposal Factor = 1.0 Widening Factor = 1.2 Cost = $3,050 per acre * 4 Acres *1.0 *1.2 = $14,640 Step 3: Seeding Cost = $500 per mile (from Section 625) Seeding Acres = 0.6 Acres/mile x 1.7 miles = 1.02 Acres Cost = $500 per Acre x 1.02 Acres = $510 Step 4: Total Cost = $10,347 + $14,640 + $510 = $25,497 Unit Cost per mile = $25,497/1.7 miles = $14,998 / mile For Wyoming Area 1, the Adjustment Factor for Public Works Davis-Bacon Areas is 0.89 for 40% labor. (The adjustment factor comes from Table 21

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in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide and the labor percentage comes from Section 212.) For all Areas in Wyoming, the Adjustment Factor for Equipment Differences is 1.02 for 40% labor. (The adjustment factor comes from Table 22 in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide and the labor percentage comes from Section 212.) Adjust for Wyoming Area 1 (labor, 40%): $14,998 per mile *0.89 * 1.02 = $13,615 per mile

Table 42 - Section 212 12 ft Wide Template 1V:1.5H
Average Sideslope (%) 10 20 30 40 50 60 20 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 413 1044 1889 3121 5258 10206 25 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 413 1087 1932 3210 5352 10423 30 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 413 1130 2021 3301 5495 10639 Clearing per mile (Acre) 3.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.6 8.5 Seeding per mile (Acre) 0.3 0.6 1.1 1.9 3.3 6.9

Construction Quantities for Specification 212 - 12 foot wide template, no ditch, backslope 1V:1H, fill slope 1V:1.5H

Table 43 - Section 212 14 ft Wide Template 1V:1.5H
Average Sideslope (%) 10 20 30 40 50 60 20 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 636 1406 2540 4277 7198 13795 25 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 636 1456 2590 4382 7362 14109 30 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 636 1505 2692 4541 7587 14360 Clearing per mile (Acre) 3.5 3.8 4.3 5 6.2 9.7 Seeding per mile (Acre) 0.3 0.7 1.3 2.2 3.8 8.1

Construction Quantities for Specification 212 - 14 foot wide template, no ditch, backslope 1V:1H. fill slope 1V:1.5H

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2 3.33V:1H. Excavation per mile (cy) 620 1460 2421 3869 5811 9076 Clearing per mile (Acre) 3.7 2.1 4.14 foot wide template.5 5.Clearing and Earthwork Table 44 .9 1. fill slope 1V:1.4 3.4 2. Excavation per mile (cy) 386 965 1670 2693 4113 6493 25 % Comp.33H Average Sideslope (%) 10 20 30 40 50 60 20 % Comp. fill slope 1V:1.5 0.7 5.3 0. no ditch. no ditch.8 Seeding per mile (Acre) 0.Section 212 14 ft Wide Template 1V:1.33H Table 45 .5 Seeding per mile (Acre) 0. Excavation per mile (cy) 496 1022 1785 2875 4366 6830 Clearing per mile (Acre) 3.5 Construction Quantities for Specification 212 .12 foot wide template.9 Construction Quantities for Specification 212 .33H Average Sideslope (%) 10 20 30 40 50 60 20 % Comp.33H End of Clearing and Earthwork Page 76 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . Excavation per mile (cy) 386 1012 1726 2753 4239 6626 30 % Comp. Excavation per mile (cy) 556 1328 2286 3658 5520 8802 25 % Comp.2 6.6 1 1.4 0. backslope1. backslope 1.7 4.33V:1H.7 4 4.5 3.2 0.1 0. Excavation per mile (cy) 556 1393 2353 3798 5665 9038 30 % Comp.Section 212 12 ft Wide Template 1V:1.

Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls SLOPE REINFORCEMENT AND RETAINING WALLS 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 77 .

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Wire-Enclosed Riprap: (Labor 75%) Estimate by time. Royalty. Drilling and blasting cost of quarries. Range of Costs. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 79 . F. Unit costs are to include furnishing. D. loading rock. 2. and difficulty of installations. materials. and equipment Riprap must be estimated on an individual basis due to such a variety in size.$131 per cy depending upon difficulty of gathering rock. and the haul distance from the source. furnishing. C. Machine-Placed Riprap: (Labor 35%) Ranges from $57 . materials and equipment 5. and difficulty of placing with an excavator. haul distance from the source. placing. loading rock. if required . and equipment 6. Development of the pit or source if required should be calculated using time and equipment. shape.$40 per cy depending upon difficulty of sorting.$77 per cy depending upon difficulty of sorting. and equipment. Range of costs per cubic yard including haul for bridges and culverts (includes manufacturing. B. Dumped Riprap: (Labor 40%) Ranges from $20 . 4. and labor to place and enclose riprap. Sacked Concrete: (Labor 60%) Estimate by time. 3.see Section 301 or 641.see Section 301 or 641. Access Roads. Access road development. E. Also includes cost of woven wire.Riprap (See individual items for labor reduction) A. Pit or Source. Drilling and Blasting. Royalty charge in private pits obtained from pit owner . Haul. materials. Sacked Soil Cement: (Labor 60%) Estimate by time. Calculate haul cost using prices listed in the haul section of this cost guide.Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls Section 251 . stakes. Hand-Placed Riprap: (Labor 75%) Ranges from $78 . and haul of riprap. if required . lacing or tie wires. and placing): 1.use time.

Section 255 .00 12 Ft Long $150. and equipment to determine cost and percent labor for this item.Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls G. labor.Gabions And Revet Mattresses (Labor 30-40%) General cost range is $150 to $180/cy.00 $65. Each project is unique and must be estimated on material. Section 253 .00 Cost/cy $37.00 . The variety of types and the site conditions can affect the unit costs.00 3 ft x 1. and equipment basis.00 Cost/cy $45.5 ft $65.estimate material prices and pay under Section 207.00/S.Alternate Retaining Walls This item must be estimated on an individual basis.00 Gabion material costs includes all hardware. Types available include: Steel Bin Retaining Wall Treated Timber Bins Culvert Retaining Wall CRIBLOCK (Concrete bins) Reinforced Concrete (tie-back/cantilever) Chain Link Gabion HILFIKER (Welded Wire) Treated Timber Lag Wall Treated Timber-Faced Wall Fabric Wall Page 80 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .$50. Equipment needed and cost of rock must be considered. and equipment to determine cost and % labor for this item. The installation cost must be estimated on an individual basis. of frontal face. Use time.50 $60. Use time. If used . The variety of sizes available and design needed can change costs.Mechanically-Stabilized Earth Walls (Labor 40%) General cost range is $25. material. Section 257 . material. Geotextile.F.00 $120. Approx Cost of Gabion baskets: 6 Ft Long 3 ft x 3ft $90. Cost varies by materials. It does NOT include shipping to job site. installation and site.

material. Call supplier for support. 4" x 8' x 40'. C. The variety of types and the site conditions can affect the unit costs. Calculate haul using instructions in section 204. 8" x 8' x 40' B. Standard Cell Sizes: 3" x 8' x 20'. End of Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 81 . Geocell materials are porous and non-porous as well as manufactured in widths and lengths other than those shown here. 4" x 8' x 20'. 6" x 8' x 20'. Geocell Material.Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls Section 262 . Select Granular Backfill.Reinforced Soil Embankment This item must be estimated on an individual basis. 8" x 8' x 20' Large Cell Sizes: 3" x 8' x 40'. and equipment to determine cost and percent labor for this item A. 6" x 8' x 40'. Call a local supplier to get the correct material and size for your application. Placement Use Time and Equipment Method. Use time.

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AGGREGATE COURSES 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 83 .

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and dispose of material on roadbed if suitable. Rate for double lane road equals single lane x 1. Assumes all oversize has been removed. Removing Slides. Costs in $/mile. Assumes 2 hours/mile production rate with grader. Average production rate equals 4 hours/mile. (Estimate all slides in excess of l0 cubic yards per station under Section 204).130 Double Lane $1.35 Single Lane $ 755 $1. hence no laborer required. laborer. Production rate equals 3 hours/mile. B.35 . Other examples can be traced to situations where. Assumes 15 minutes per catchbasin to clean. Estimator should also watch out for subgrade boulders which were originally well covered by native subgrade material. but the stumps remain in what now is the shoulder. Trees that used to be outside the shoulder by 5-10 feet. $380/Mile. More extensive work should be covered in the appropriate sections. the majority of "reconditioning" work should be done with a grader with some minor blasting and/or tractor work for localized rock problems. $39 each. Use time and equipment costs.Road Reconditioning (Labor 40-60%) Normally. use grader. laborer. Pull Ditches with Grader. Single Lane Double Lane $370 $500 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 85 . Costs in $/mile.530 Average Heavy E. through years of maintenance a roadway has been widened and shifted slightly away from the original alignment. and pickup C. Good field classification and design will usually avoid the problem of calling for use of this specification when more appropriate work items may be needed. and pickup. A. Finish Grading with Blade. Heavy equals 6 hours/mile. reshape. were eventually cut down for safety reasons. but the covering is now thin or absent. Clean Catch Basins with Backhoe.020 $1. or on fill slope. D.Aggregate Courses Section 303 . Scarifying and Shaping. Rate for double lane road equals single lane x 1.

Reconditioning Asphalt or Aggregate Surfaces. 301. Rates will vary depending on the type and condition of the surface and the amount of residual dust abatement material present. A." this Section. See application rate below. minimum 3 complete passes. Double lane cost equals single lane cost x 1. 404. application rates. estimating procedure. L. "Approximate Weight-Volume Factors at 60°F. it is recommended that the product be applied slightly narrower in width than the surfacing. For example. Costs in $/mile. Water. Include under Section 20l K.Dust Palliative (Contract Item) Refer to current dust palliative manufacturer and geotechnical engineering information for detailed information on product characteristics. Include under Section 204 I. conversion factors and calculations.35 Single Lane $1030 Double Lane $1370 G. particularly along riparian areas.Aggregate Courses F. make a subsidiary allowance to this pay item for contractor quality control. H. Section 306 . Using roller until visible displacement ceases. can be included in Section 303 if specified as indirect. Contractor Quality Control. 414. Erosion Control Measures. more dust abatement material will be required for loose pit-run gravel and less for unsurfaced roads in clay material. Constructing New Ditch. Where applicable. Costs for reconditioning of asphalt and aggregate surfaces should be estimated using Sections 204. Clearing and Grubbing. Page 86 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . and 430. Rates for lignin sulfonate and chloride products are based on the solid contents shown under C. These products may be furnished with varying amounts of water and if so. Include under Section 157 J. adjustments based upon the weight of solids may be necessary on the application rates and payment. Due to leaching of the chloride products. Estimate under Section 170 (see Complete WO FSSS 170). Compaction. Application Rates. The following is a summary of essential information.

costs will be at least 20% higher. width of application. Road Preparation. no reduction for labor should be made to the basic rock cost. Supplier will need to know the project location. Application Cost.20 gallons/yd² 0. and the method specified. requirements in other sections such as 322 or 303. Shipping costs are variable and should be verified for each project by contacting suppliers.317) Calcium Chloride (38 percent solids) Gallons/Ton 190 182 171 Pounds/Gallon 10. On larger base and surfacing projects of 25. Up-to-date quotes should be obtained from local suppliers for each project. particularly for dust oils. not all contracts require Davis Bacon rates in basic rock and hauling costs. consideration should be made for additional economies due to the large quantities. Road preparation costs will depend on the existing surface condition. Also.50 gallons/yd² 0.69 C.51 10.000 cy or less.90 lbs/yd² Subsequent Application 0.40 gallons/yd² 1. Specific Gravity = 1.98 11.) Magnesium Chloride (32 percent solids.Approximate Weight-Volume Factors at 60°F Material Lignin Sulfonate (50% solids.26.35-0. Table 46 . However.Typical Dust Palliative Application Rates Type Lignin Sulfonate Magnesium Chloride Brine Calcium Chloride Brine Calcium Chloride Flake@77% Initial Application 0. and application rate.000 cy or more. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 87 .Minor Aggregate Courses Note: If local conditions indicate that aggregate production will be subcontracted. the procedure and work items should be considered and estimated for all projects where that type of work is involved. Unit Material Cost. The costs shown herein are applicable only for situations closely fitting the stated assumptions.50 gallons/yd² 0. Check with your Contracting Officer. Specific Gravity =1. D.30-1.Aggregate Courses B. Shipping Costs. for small projects of 5. and that aggregate producers will likely pay Davis-Bacon wage rates. Table 47 .75 lbs/yd² Section 322 .16 gallons/yd² 0. length of project. Total in place cost for these large jobs will average about 10% less. Contact supplier for information regarding the cost of application. On the other hand.25 gallons/yd² 0.28-0. E. See Section 303 for grading costs and Section 170 for watering. Prices can be extremely variable.

costs range from $. Removal of overburden 5. 1.Crusher and Rock Screen Typical Costs for Move-In and Set-Up Jaw Crusher or Screen Two-Stage Crusher Three-Stage Crusher Changing Pit Sites Changing Screens Setup Belt-Scale Operation Platform Scale (move-in. The following costs assume a production rate of l50 tons per hour (TPH). Does not include movement of equipment commonly used on other parts of job.700 .000 . and slash cleanup 2.500 $1. Table 48 .000 $18. Pit Development: Estimate pit or quarry development under FSSS Section 651. Basic Rock Cost (Labor: 45%). ramps.000 $625 . Royalty charge for private pits: These are highly variable. Clearing. Material weighs 2.$2. cost may be included in basic rock cost or as a separate pay item. Basic Rock Cost B. Costs shown are in tons and loose cubic yards. Access roads 3.750 . Seeding 3.$23. Drilling and shooting cost: Normal drilling and shooting: (includes tractor for moving material) $1. 1-1/2 inch minus is the basis for rock costs.600 $20. Verify costs with producers 2.250 These are approximate ranges of typical costs only.13/ton Page 88 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .$13. 4. Move-in/Move-out Costs (approximate): Includes cost to set up and take down equipment.$3.Aggregate Courses Aggregate costs are estimated in the following three categories: A. Conserving topsoil 4. grubbing.50/cy to $1. Costs should include: l. Load and Apply C. Haul A. Material Grading C.63/cy loose $1.600 $190 .250 $2.300 .000 lbs/cy loose. and certification) $12. Restoration 7.500 .$1.00/cy or higher. setup.$1. Make cost allowance per instructions under Section 151 (Mobilization).800 to 3.$26. Ground control and traffic control 6.

10 6" L 0.FSSS Crushed Aggregate Grading Multipliers Max Size (in) Grading Multiplier 2-1/2" A 0. Crushing: For grading other than Grading C.6 6" M 0.31/ton 8. Screening only. Use only where required by contract or job conditions.9 2" B 0.65/cy loose $3.FSSS Screened Aggregate Grading Multipliers Max Size (in) Grading Multiplier Size Ratio 1.95 l -1/2" C 1. 703-3 a.7 4" N 0. Stockpiling.95 Table 50 . Grading in Table 49 and Table 50 is based on Complete WO FSSS 322 and 703.34/ton If size-ratio requirements are included in the grading.80 1" G 0. Ripping: $1.51/cy loose $4.Aggregate Courses Breaking oversize $5.7 7.7 4" O 0. add $2.00 1" D 1.05.00 per ton for smaller projects.930/ton 5.27/cy loose $2.80/cy loose $3.48/ton $7. $0.25 1-1/2" F 0.10 3/4" E 1.93/ton 9.87/ton 6. Crushed pit rock (drilling and shooting and/or ripping generally not required) or b. Tables 703-2. Pit run. Table 49 .00 per ton to rock cost for projects over 10.25/cy $0.59/ton 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 89 .9 3/4" H 0. Crushed quarry rock (includes loading into crusher) $6.79/cy loose $5. and operators. $4. $4.85/cy loose $0. If bentonite binder is specified at 2% of aggregate quantity. the following multipliers should be applied to crushing costs shown in (a) and (b) below. increase crushing costs approximately 10%. Costs include no crushing but do include dozer loader.000 tons and $3.

essentially negligible for conscientious operator.Basic Rock Cost Example Grading D Compact by hauling equipment Quantity required on the road: 10. To determine unit costs.500 tons. physical arrangement of pit. use only if stockpiling required by contract. Production Losses. add the cost of contract or sampling and testing. Contractor Quality Control.000 tons + 5% (stockpiling loss) = 10. the total costs of each major subdivision (basic rock cost. Platform Scales $0. Otherwise for general contractor QA/QC see Section 153. the cost of normal production losses can be included in the unit cost of the final quantity. Example 11 .000 tons Location: Colorado Area 1 Assume hard rock quarry with stockpiling and weighing required.Aggregate Courses 10. load and apply. By following this procedure. Stockpiling loss: 5% Crushing loss: 10% To obtain 10. If required by contract. it is not "lost" material. the contractor will have to drill. In computing aggregate costs.000 tons + 5% (stockpiling loss) + 10% (crushing loss) = 11. Crushing/screening/blasting.500 tons. Ongrade process and haul losses . 2. Technically. The following production losses should be considered: 1. one should calculate the total cost of producing the final quantity of aggregate desired. and haul) should then be divided by the final desired quantity. Weighting.35/ton 11. b. Increase costs for small projects as calculated above by about 20% for jobs where the quantities are less than 5.500 cy. Contractor will stockpile 10. and process approximately 10.000 tons or 3. Quarry operation approximately: 5-10%. a. Small Quantities.000 tons for the road. or work schedule imposed by contract. 3. Actual estimate of losses should be based on field tests or experience. Gravel or rock pit: 20-30% These seemingly high losses result from a high percentage of fines found in such pits. Page 90 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . shoot. but "reject" necessitated by gradation requirements. Stockpiling losses: Approximately 5%.

750 + $2.34 * 11.1 (reference Table 49) Stockpiling: $0.250 Include costs under Section 151 .995 $67.Mobilization.750 (reference Table 48) Scales $2.000 Contractor sampling and testing (lump sum estimate) Total Cost Unit basic rock cost = $93.500 (reference Table 48) $18.500 * 1.37/ton For Colorado Area 1.500 Weighing: $0.500 $ 3.35 * 10. (The adjustment factor comes from Table 21 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 91 .92 for 45 % labor.500 $93.500 Crushing: $5.59 * 10.195 $ 3.13*11. Drilling and Shooting: $1. the Adjustment Factor for Public Works Davis-Bacon Areas is 0.741 10.741 = $9.551 $ 6.500 = $21.Aggregate Courses Move in/Move-out including platform scale Two stage crusher $18.000 tons $12.

$9.92 = $8. These vary depending on loading $0 $0 $0 $0.49/ton 2.e. Depends on aggregate depth and width of road. Load And Apply (Labor: 40%) 1.62/ton B. From belt . Watering. a. water should be indirect to Section 322. These costs are based on loose cubic yards.21/cy loose $0.96/ton 4.37 x 0. Processing with grader. Consider allowing for water truck to be available throughout the entire aggregate placing process. d. Aggregate Haul (Labor: 30-50%) Calculate haul according to the instructions in haul section in Section 204 of this cost guide. i. a. With hauling equipment.. no Adjustment Factor for Equipment Differences is necessary.77-$0.63-$0. Page 92 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . Estimate under FSSS Section 170.83/ton 3.Aggregate Courses in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide and the labor percentage comes from Section 212. b.included in basic rock cost. With rollers . method.71/cy loose(from Section 204) $0. From stockpile. If measurement for payment or credit is on another basis.) For all Areas in Colorado. Compaction with hauling equipment is not recommended except for very small jobs where roller mobilization is not warranted. Compaction (approximate).included in basic rock cost.) Adjust for Colorado Area 1. Use appropriate weight conversion factor to convert to $/ton-mile. appropriate adjustment factors must be made. $0. (The adjustment factor comes from Table 22 in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide and the labor percentage comes from Section 212. c.minimum 3 complete passes $1. Pit run . Loading Costs: Loading costs are variable depending on procedures at pit.39/cy loose $0. From hopper . C. $0 b.12-$1.included in basic rock cost. 45% labor.91-$1.

08/cy For Colorado Area 1.5 miles.Aggregate Courses Haul cost = fixed cost for the truck plus variable haul costs. it should be included in aggregate haul costs. Equation 12 .74/cy + $11. the Adjustment Factor for Public Works Davis-Bacon Areas is 0.0 miles.5 = $11.Haul Cost Example Variable costs of haul based on road characteristics and average round trip travel speed 3. If Construction Induced Maintenance is needed.01/cy x 6.0 + $1.34/cy Haul Cost = $1. 10 mph (include distance to turnaround) Belly dump trucks (20 cy) Location: Colorado Area 1 Basis of payment: cy Haul Cost = Fixed cost + Variable haul cost x Haul distances (reference Haul section) Fixed Cost = $1. (The adjustment factor comes from Table 21 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 93 . 15 mph 2. 30 mph 6.51/cy x 2.50/cy x 3.91 for 35 % labor.0 miles.34/cy = $13.0 + $1.74/cy Variable Costs = $0.

(The adjustment factor comes from Table 22 in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide and the labor percentage comes from Section 212.08 x 0.90/ton End of Aggregate Courses Page 94 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . no Adjustment Factor for Equipment Differences is necessary.) For all Areas in Colorado.91 = $11.Aggregate Courses in the Engineer’s Estimate section of this guide and the labor percentage comes from Section 212.) Adjust for Colorado Area 1 (35% Labor): $13.

ASPHALT PAVEMENTS AND SURFACE TREATMENTS 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 95 .

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Aggregate. adequacy of worksite. Include the following: 1. and 413. haul distance of materials. and availability of commercial sources. etc. whether aggregates are produced as a by-product of other crushing operations or produced separately. remoteness and size of project. 409. Crush and Stockpile: (FSSS Sections 320 and 322).Asphalt Pavement General Contractor Quality Control and Testing .5% asphalt cement based on weight of total mix. Crushing costs can vary widely depending on the gradation selected.Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments Section 400 .Hot Asphalt Concrete Pavement Estimates should be based upon current local prices. The in-place compacted density and asphalt content used for calculating quantities should be based on a preliminary mix design. Contact local State DOT for available mix designs in your area. allow $530-$1050 for certification. Hauling: Develop haul cost from Haul Section in this cost guide 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 97 . use 150 pounds per cubic foot for in-place compacted density and 6. and 412. Weighing: Use costs from Section 322. Section 403 .All allowances shall be subsidiary to other pay items. 3. 4. In lieu of other information. If bin or belt scales are used. 408. Chips average weight is 2300 lbs/cy (loose). Refer to Asphalt Products Suppliers (Table 67). Costs are dependent upon quantity and location. Move-in and move-out costs of a portable plant will often control prices on small projects. Compare the cost of on-site production with feasible commercial sources in the area. Section 409 . 2.Asphalt Surface Treatment A. For small projects consider using lump sum or cubic yard measurement. Add $11 to $16 per ton of asphalt if antistriping additive is required. Loading Aggregate: Use costs from Section 322. 410. Generally contractor quality control is applicable for Items 403 through 406. Contractor sampling is applicable for Items 407.

and no adjustment is necessary. 6. 7.00 to $375. 409-2 and 409-3 of the FP03. Application cost of $11 to $16 per ton of bituminous materials for uninterrupted work.0069/sq. Page 98 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments 5. 2. Aggregate Application: Include cost of self-propelled aggregate spreader and truck time while waiting and spreading. Bituminous Material. Application rates for emulsified and liquid asphalts may be determined by two methods. Asphalt costs are dependent upon quantity and location. irregular areas such as in campgrounds or parking areas should be estimated using hourly rates for a distributor and hand spraying. and actual application rates for cutback and emulsified asphalts are determined by dividing the asphalt residual rates by the percent asphalt from the applicable AASHTO materials specification for the selected type and grade. Section 403. yd. if asphalt emulsions are specified. depending on the type of table used for estimating: 1. Estimate using pneumatic-tired. Consider location of tanker trucks or temporary storage tank and time to re-fill distributor. Small. 9. B. Rough cost $0. 8. Brooming and Other Prep Work: Estimate the number of passes for power broom.00 per mile. Include: 1. Temporary Centerline Marking: Price range is $265. 10. Residual Quantities: Application rates for residual quantities are given in Tables 409-1. self-propelled roller. Rolling: Immediately after application of aggregate. Travel speed of 5-7 miles per hour. Add $11 to $16 per ton of liquid asphalt for antistriping additive. Special or unusual construction signing should also be considered. if required for cutback asphalts. Surface Maintenance: Determine maintenance and brooming during and at the end of the curing period. Traffic control: Determine if traffic count and type of traffic warrant the need for pilot car and/or flag persons. 2. Total Quantities: Application rates for total quantities are given under Section 409 in the Application Rate Tables (Table 51) included in this Guide. Road Surface Preparation. Obtain current quotes from local suppliers (Table 67).

Slurry Seal Obtain costs from supplier. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 99 .Emulsified Asphalt Application Rates Number and Type of Treatment No.50 gallon/yd² Remarks Typical rate for tack coat using 1:1 diluted CSS-1 emulsion Typical rate for prime coat using MC-70 C.Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments Table 51 . Commonly an SS-1 is used for tack coat.10 .40 .15 gallon/yd² 0. ready for application. Remember that most tack oils are commonly sold 50% dilute in emulsion form.Bituminous Coat Application Rates Item 412 411 Rate 0. Bituminous Surface Treatments and Seal Coats Using Emulsified Asphalts. Asphalt costs dependent upon quantity and location.0. 1 Single No.0.65 0.0. Table 52 . For campgrounds and administrative sites that have a buildup of soil and pine needles along the shoulder. 3 Single No.0.0. but should be in the area of ±$750/ton .10 . Application costs are about $20 to $25 per ton of asphalt.55 . Final rates should be determined by testing the aggregate after contract award. exclusive of materials.Tack Coat Costs dependent upon quantity and location.0. 2 Single No. Include surface preparation and brooming cost.35 .28 28 . Section 412 . Application. Section 411 .15 0. Use rock size (gradation) that is similar to local State requirements to obtain more competitive bids.25/gallon.25 . For estimating use the highest rates for aggregate and asphalt emulsion shown for the type of treatment desired. Costs will vary widely with crude oil supplies and prices.50 15 .20 Asphalt Emulsion (gallon/yd2) 0.0.30 Section 410 .03 .25 .Prime Coat Obtain current quotes from local suppliers. For application rates see Table 51.23 23 . is about $0. 5 Double No.30 0.40 0. increase the costs for cleanup. For price data see Table 67.0. When gathering price information ask whether the price quoted for the oil is “neat” (non-diluted) or diluted in emulsion form. 4 Single No.33 40 . 5 Double Course 1 1 1 1 1 2 Aggregate Grading NA D C B A D Aggregate (lb/yd2) None 18 .50 0.

Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments For application rates see Table 51. For price data see Table 67.

Section 414 - Asphalt Pavement Crack & Joint Sealing
Obtain costs from supplier. If applicable, make allowance for routing/blowing out the cracks prior to the application of crack sealer.

Section 415 - Paving Geotextiles
Obtain costs from supplier.

Section 430 - Asphalt Pavement Patching
Obtain costs from supplier.

End of Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments

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Bridge Construction Contact the Bridge Design Group in the Regional Office to estimate costs in Section 550. Region 2: Structural Engineer Region 3: Structural Engineer for Region 2 Region 4: Structural/Bridge Engineer Scott Mitchell Scott Mitchell Tom Gillins 303-275-5196 303-275-5196 801-625-5236 End of Bridge Construction 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 103 . historical costs are not adequate for estimating the cost of new bridges. At the present time.

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INCIDENTAL CONSTRUCTION 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 105 .

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Quality Control: Where applicable. etc.11. Verify costs with local suppliers. Uses roller and requires compaction testing T310 B. Method A should not be used for these pipe sizes. (no forms required). Labor for larger culverts and CMPA's: 40-60 %. Add in additional $16/LF.Minor Concrete Structures (Labor 40%) WO FSSS 601 deletes the entire FP-03 specification. Method B.$200/cy or greater. make a subsidiary allowance to this item for contractor quality control. The following installed culvert prices are based on a 40 LF pipe which includes one band and should be used for the condition indicated: 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 107 . Compaction Methods A. etc. B. depending on number of sites. and C are from WO FSSS 209. depending upon quantity. and replaces it with new wording. Uses roller until visual displacement ceases Method C. etc. Cost will be about $100 . Section 602 . 30%. forming difficulty. Add in additional $5/LF.Incidental Construction Section 601 . No adjustment. access. Method A or B: Concrete for minor structures (about 30 cy or less). Unit price may vary from $300 to $400 per cy. A. 40-60 %. compaction Methods B and C. Unit cost for culverts installed in existing roads and pipes installed "after grade" will normally be higher than for pipes in new construction due to the increased amount of excavation. gate post. B. The unit prices shown in this Section need to be adjusted for the compaction method and quality control as follows: A. distance from concrete source. Method C: Very small quantities of concrete for fence posts. Compaction Method: Method A. make a subsidiary allowance to this pay item for contractor quality control.Culverts And Drains (Labor 20-30%) Labor for culverts up to and including 36 inches in diameter and CMPA's up to and including 42 inches by 29 inches: compaction Method A. Where applicable.

70 $59. Estimate larger pipes by time and equipment methods. Sedimats. current as of February 2009. etc. operators.50 $35. Often a lighter metal thickness can be used with the wider corrugations which may result in a savings in materials costs. as aluminum and aluminized steel culvert is significantly more expensive.70 $47. Metal culvert prices listed are for galvanized steel only. Always check current prices with your local supplier when putting together a cost estimate. especially if there is a large quantity of culvert involved. labor. Following are some items that should be considered under Sections 602 and 209 when estimating installation of larger pipes: If installation is in a live stream. Allow costs for metal end sections. allowance should be made for filter cloth. The following materials and shop prices are provided as a guide for use in estimating culvert prices. allow for stream diversion costs under Section 157.50 $53. The prices do not include delivery to the job site. plastic sheeting.50 $41. Estimate the amount of time and equipment required (excavation equipment.1 to 1.60 Increase the above costs by a factor of 1. Price information is from Contech Construction Products in Boise. and potential fish removal. Allow for installation and removal of diversions. special coatings. pumps. Analyze the cost of materials for different culvert corrugations. If instream work restrictions exist for fish bearing streams. Consider diversion pipe.50 $65. seeps. special bedding. cutoffs. Page 108 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .Installation Costs for Culverts Pipe Size 18" 24" 30" 36" New Construction $/ft $30. be sure to include the appropriate wording in the contract. turbidity curtains. Call culvert suppliers for quotes. or underground flows are expected in the culvert area. If springs.80 "After Grade" and Reconstruction (Shallow Installation) $/ft $36. drain rock. Idaho. sandbags. such as work windows relating to migration and spawning. and adjustment for pipe arches if required. or special backfill material.3 to reflect longer lengths or steepness of side slopes.Incidental Construction Table 53 . shop ellipsing. culvert end treatments.) to excavate and construct the culvert bed including excavation below the invert elevation for removal of unsuitable or unstable material and to bed and backfill the pipe. compaction equipment.

02 48 $115.2.064 (16ga) Pipe Arch 17x13 21x15 24x18 28x20 42x29 49x33 57x38 28x20 35x24 42x29 49x33 57x38 64x43 71x47 77x52 Size inches 12 15 18 24 30 36 42 48 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 Material Cost/ft $9.80 $12.Galvanized Steel Pipe . Table 54 .10 Wt/ft (lbs) 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 0. Culvert Material Base Prices.Incidental Construction C.65 $98.32 42 $91.109 (12ga) 0.62 24 $33.00 $80.00 $37.00 42 $45.66"x1/2" Corrugations Thickness 0.55 36 $39.10 $14.54 15 $16. Table 55 .75 $89. Typically it is used for stream diversions due to its lighter weight per foot.75 54 $58.58 30 $53.95 $127.40 48 $51.45 $138.079 (14ga) Pipe Arch 21x15 24x18 28x20 42x29 49x33 57x38 64x43 Size Material inches Cost/ft 18 $19.50 36 $62.40 $42.80 24 $26.15 30 $32.40 $33.138 (10ga) 71x47 77x52 60 66 72 $115.65 $36.55 Wt/ft (lbs) 10 12 15 19 24 29 34 38 33 41 49 57 65 73 81 89 Thickness 0.40 $19. as the pipe will be easily consumed. Polyethylene pipe may be suitable for some applications.65 $28. The cost for polyethylene pipe is usually higher than for galvanized steel.00 $72.15 $63.25 $54.Polyethylene Corrugated Pipe Costs Polyethylene Corrugated Pipe 20 Foot Sections Double Wall Rigid Size inches Material Cost/ft 12 $8.85 103 113 123 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 109 . or in campgrounds where metal pipe is not desired.80 The plastic pipe supplier list is located in Table 70 on page 147 while the metal pipe supplier list is in Table 71 on page 148.00 $23.32 18 $19. but shouldn’t be used in a forest setting where fire danger may exist.

25 $195.138 (10ga) 128x83 142x91 108 120 $347.05 $193. Watertight gaskets and O-rings: For 1 watertight gasket or a set of O-rings the additional cost is equal to the cost of the band.35 $151.109 (12ga) Pipe Arch 60x46 66x51 73x55 81x59 87x63 95x67 103x71 112x75 128x83 142x91 Size inches 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 108 120 Material Cost/ft $135. Five percent Shop Ellipse. pipe Up to and including 48” diameter = 2 LF of 14ga pipe (need to use at least 14ga band) Greater than 48” diameter = 1 LF of 14ga pipe 2. Call for quotes as cost depends upon the angle of the cut and the gage of material.83 $108.98 $150.06 211 234 Table Note: Prices listed in the 2 tables above are for helical pipe with locked seams.03 $161.90 $386. or 12ga.55 Wt/ft (lbs) 83 92 101 110 119 128 137 147 165 183 0. Call for quotes. Culvert Pipe End Treatment.70 $86. Page 110 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .83 $224. Arched pipe: Add 20% to round culvert prices shown in the table above for forming pipe arch. Call culvert distributor for quotes.55 61 67 74 81 87 94 100 107 114 120 0.68 $165.Galvanized Steel Pipe . Special Coatings.68 $140.38 $180. 3.08 $111.48 $119.3"x1" and 5"x1" Corrugations Thickness 0.Incidental Construction Table 56 . 1.064 (16ga) Pipe Arch 60x46 66x51 73x55 81x59 87x63 95x67 Size inches 54 60 66 72 78 84 Material Cost/ft $77. Coupling Bands: Equivalent material cost: For 16. E.38 $183. pipe (can all use 16ga band) Up to and including 48” diameter = 2 LF of 16ga pipe Greater than 48” diameter = 1 LF of 16ga pipe For 10ga. F.88 Wt/ft (lbs) 50 55 60 66 71 77 Thick ness 0. D.70 $172. 14.13 $209. Pipe arches are available only for the culvert with the prices in BOLD print in the table.10 $94.50 $119.40 $268.50 $103.53 $239.00 $129.98 $298.109 (14ga) 60x46 66x51 73x55 81x59 87x63 95x67 103x71 112x75 117x79 128x83 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 $97. For annular ring pipe with riveted seams increase the cost per LF by 20%.

These end sections are available with a trash rack as well if desired to catch debris.Pipe Flared End Section Prices Diameter Price Price of pipe w/o Rack w/ rack 12 $85.32 Section 603 .68 $1039. embankment. Inlets. Sheet Drains.78 $665. Section 605 .Incidental Construction G. Each project should be estimated on material. and equipment basis. make a subsidiary allowance to this pay item for contractor quality control.28 42 $823. Section 604 . time. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 111 .06 $282.68 48 $1020. Perforated pipe cost per lineal foot.96 24 $196. call for material pricing. A. Supplier list is located in Table 72 on page 148.58 $186. Flared End Sections.Structural Plate Structures (Labor 20%) Costs do not include the cost of the footing. End sections can also be acquired for pipe arches. And Catch Basins (Labor 25%) Call culvert manufacturer for prices. (Labor 40%) Add 12 percent to standard culvert price.77 15 $107. structural excavation. Table 57 .82 $1336.Underdrains.54 $517. And Pavement Edge Drains (See items below for labor and reductions) Supplier list is located in Table 73 on page 149. Call for quotes on material cost.56 36 $493. Use time and equipment for installation.28 18 $136.48 30 $373. or riprap.28 $143. When applicable.97 $114.Manholes.

which includes cost of production. (Labor 30%) Due to the variable nature of availability.Corrugated Metal Spillways (Labor 20%) Use time. spreading. Section 606 . this work should be estimated using the "time and equipment" estimating procedures. Granular underdrain. C. Elbows. (Labor 10%) Develop price from rock costs plus the haul cost as determined from Section 204 of the cost guide. with slip joint and 20 feet of 8" corrugated metal downspout with downspout anchors. and equipment. Wyes. Porous Backfill or Filter Material. D. If round pipe is used. material. Berm Drain: Unit cost consists of installation of prefabricated 12"diameter corrugated metal catch basin. Estimate by material and time. the different geotextile materials that may be specified. and the different site conditions that may be encountered. Call supplier for current prices.Incidental Construction B. F. the pipe must be placed in freely draining porous material. Flexible Downdrain: Lowest price for larger quantity of 200 or more lineal feet. D. A. hauling. type and gradation of the rock. Elbows. and Tees. Develop cost by using same criteria as used for Section 301 (screened material). Haul cost to be estimated from the nearest point of manufacture. Sheet Drains. (Labor 25%) The cost of granular underdrain is normally on a cy basis. Round Pipe. unless difficult slope conditions are encountered. Anchors. and compaction. E. Special Sections. Geotextiles. (Labor 10%) When using geotextiles. E. C. loading. the unit cost should be about 70% of the installed unit cost for the same diameter listed in Section 602 for New Construction. B. Page 112 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . Include two connecting bands.

cleaning. materials. Inlets: Inlet assemblies are estimated the same as Section 602. Also include cost for band(s) to join up sections. be sure to match up corrugations. Anchors should be placed approximately every 10 feet and at the outlet. Estimates should include gaskets. relaying and/or stockpiling pipe. Downpipe: Downpipe is measured by the quantity of lineal feet installed including accessories except inlets. and the type of culvert metal to avoid electrolysis problems. Section 607 . Reconditioning. 30” diameter pipe and larger will require anchors especially designed for them.Curb And Gutter (Labor 40-50%) Use time. And Paved Medians (Labor 40-50%) Use time. Removing. cleaning. materials. And Repairing Existing Drainage Structures (Labor 60%) Caution needs to be taken in using this item on metal culverts that have any significant age and or deterioration. A culvert anchor installation may consist of stakes and bands or two metal fence posts and wire. and equipment estimate.Cleaning. Section 609 . G. End Sections. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 113 . Inlet assemblies are measured by the number installed and accepted. Section 615 . The metal fence post culvert anchor may be used for downpipe up to 30” in diameter.Incidental Construction F. Drive Pads. and relaying of pipe should cost approximately 66 . Excavation for removing pipe should be estimated using time and equipment. Anchors: Anchors are required for downpipes.Sidewalks. H. For repairs where a damaged portion of a culvert will be removed and replaced. and equipment estimate. Unit price should take into consideration costs related to removing.81% of the in place price per foot for reconstruction for a given size of pipe as listed in Section 602.

9 1.Incidental Construction Section 617 .12/m) for fencing. Costs range from $3. Supplier list is located in Table 74 on page 150. B. Section 619 .Cattleguard Cost Adjustment Factors 12'-0" 0.250 pounds/side (2.Fences.00/LF ($13. include the total length of rail on both sides. (Labor 10%) Prices include wings and base. Use FSSS 650 for Road closure Devices.700 each for single-lane metal gates. Call manufacturer for price quotes on material prices. Also.0 1. Gates. and not from the road centerline length. Wire gates cost about $100 to $200 each. Powder River type gates cost from $300 to $500 each.Concrete Barriers And Precast Guardwalls Concrete barriers (Jersey) will cost about $50-$70 per lineal foot installed. When guardrail is required on both sides of the roadway. not horizontal distance. (Labor 60%) Four strand barbed wire Estimate by time.381 kg/side). Contact local State DOT for more information.75 Precast concrete base weighs approximately 5.Guardrail Call manufacturer for price quotes on material prices. A. C. Fences. the length of guardrail is determined by slope distance. The length of the rail is determined by measuring the length necessary where it is installed adjacent to the road shoulder. (Labor 15% metal gates. Supplier list is located in Table 76 on page 151.75 Cost Adjustment Factors 14'-0' 16'-0" 24'-0" 0.5 28'-0" 1.500 to $3. Section 618 . 65% wire gates) Costs range from $1. and $1. Supplier list is located in Table 75 on page 150.000 for 16'-0 width HS20-44 cattleguard.500 each for doublelane metal gates.500 to $5. Page 114 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction . Gates And Cattleguards Use this specification only for facilities being built for campgrounds and rights-of-way. equipment and material. Costs average about $4. Table 58 . Cattleguard.200 to $1.

etc. The equipment rates include fuel.Monuments And Markers (Labor 25%) Estimate by time.28 1300 116. lubrication. The cost of moving most equipment to the job is included in Section 151 Mobilization.94 118.05 79.00 70. SD.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book AIR COMPRESSORS.Incidental Construction Section 621 . maintenance. For work lasting over 40 hours.85 20. and the costs of labor.06 68.48 120. freight. The rates shown herein were derived from the Rental Rate Blue Book For Construction Equipment.00 120.97 11. taxes.00 34.48 77.00 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 115 .42 68.35 300 34. RECIPROCATING: Includes hose and fittings. NM. estimator should refer to Blue Book equipment rates and correct procedures for location factors. the base rate is determined by dividing the Blue Book monthly rate by 176. They reflect the variations between National averages and local conditions caused by the differences in topography.Rental Equipment Total equipment rental cost includes the equipment rate and the operator rate.35 20. The location factors vary hence the Estimator needs to select the rate under the state where the project resides. For work lasting 40 hours or less. Section 622 .53 20. and material.42 900 77. oil. Table 59 . The figures shown in this section are for equipment rates only.99 70. The rates shown herein (Table 59) are for work in excess of 40 hours. KS. equipment. Location factors from the Blue Book have been applied to the rates in Table 59.85 36. PORTABLE. Profit and overhead charged to equipment are included herein (10%).28 78.24 10. Some models listed are no longer manufactured or were not manufactured during the time period under which they are classified. construction seasons.96 35. See Section 634 for more information. diesel powered HOURLY RATE ($) CUBIC FEET PER MINUTE AZ.06 79. and insurance.33 36. the base rate is determined by dividing the Blue Book daily rate by eight. Operator rates are not included but can be found in the labor rates section. The use of brand names is for the ease of identification of the type and size of equipment and does not constitute an endorsement of any product.83 10. For rates not shown in Table 59. repairs. CA.83 185 20.00 116. Local rates should be used if local equipment is generally available at a rate different than those shown herein. WY ID UT NE 100 10.96 600 68. CO. The models shown should be considered typical and their rates can be applied to similar equipment.94 NV 11.24 20. Table 59 includes the hourly rental equipment costs from the 2009 Blue Book without an operator but with 10% profit included.

95 157.23 BROOMS AND SWEEPERS: (Truck costs not included with pull types) HOURLY RATE ($) WIDTH TYPE AZ.42 204.31 29. EROPS.02 100.57 40.28 46.86 168. SD.17 31.6" 48. CA.13 Bandit 280 119 HP .09 84.20 82.10" 79. CO. SD.37 230.83 103.46 30.86 39. SD.gas 18 43.21 47.49 Bandit 150XP 110 HP .54 Cat 430D IT .44 150.96 84. power takeoff unit.13 9. HOURLY RATE ($) CAPACITY TRUCK MODEL AZ. KS.78 gas Bandit 150XP 119 HP .diesel 12 38.80 39.01 15.traction driven 7 8. heater. KS. NM.96 48.68 30. NM.58 242.380HP 4.99 37.76 42.2" 62. SD.19 45.68 47.56 44.63 171.86 MODEL Page 116 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .88 204.68 Pull type .49 162.4WD 19' .30 66.80 Bandit 280 125 HP .57 40.70 46.200 HP 1600 61.35 204.60 230.99 37. WY ID NV UT NE Mitts & Merrill K12F6 125 HP 8 41.19 Case 580 Super M -4WD 17' .17 31.1" 46. (ft) CA.49 44.16 41.42 Barber-Greene diesel 8' Crawler BG-225C 193. (gallons) CA. WY ID NV UT NE Pull type .2WD 16' .39 16.96 48. SD.53 BACKHOE: Diesel powered.63 48.61 215.67 175.50 52. NM.70 BRUSH CUTTERS: Rubber tired. KS.55 62.60 242.05 15. NM.diesel 18 43.diesel RJ-350 8 29.55 64.68 Deere 410G .4WD 21' .27 63.63 Blaw-Knox diesel 10' Wheel PF-3172 183.96 29.88 194.95 157.74 35.09 6x4 .46 30. CA.diesel RC-350 8 28. WY ID NV UT NE Blaw-Knox diesel 8' Wheel PF-161 153.31 Self propelled . CO.86 50. CO.17 79.85 66. NM. CA.82 9.03 BRUSH CHIPPERS: Trailer mounted MODEL MAX LOG HOURLY RATE ($) DIA (in) AZ.83 100.68 9.35 215.73 Deere 710G .44 Kershaw 1200 225 HP 10 164.44 44. DEPTH (ft) CA.39 16.06 42.61 Barber-Greene diesel 10' Crawler BG-245C 218.30 63.63 171.58 46. CO. SD.23 86.21 47.19 38. KS.50 Cat 446B .13 41.000 97.73 67.86 50.20 82.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book.6" 44.06 42.19 45.70 204.16 150.13 9. KS.4WD 17' . WY ID NV UT NE Kershaw 800-2 185 HP 8 147.63 162.43 41.05 82.96 82.55 64. KS.280 HP 3100 79.47 168.23 45. Continued ASPHALT PAVER: Diesel powered HOURLY RATE ($) AZ.58 ASPHALT PRESSURE DISTRIBUTOR: Includes diesel powered truck with full circulating spray bar. diesel MODEL CUTTER HOURLY RATE ($) WIDTH (ft) AZ.76 42.05 Self propelled . WY ID NV UT NE Deere 310G -2WD 14' . CO. CO. NM.54 50. standard 24" bucket.67 175. Extend-a-Hoe HOURLY RATE ($) DIGGING MODEL AZ.03 30.gas engine driven 7 15.85 6x4 . insulation.78 41.79 194.5" 35.Incidental Construction Table 59 .gas 12 40. WY ID NV UT NE 4x2 .53 103. and tachometer.23 45.

76 182.31 25. CO.03 196.5 36.36 33.71 ID 14.61 39. KS. SD.92 188. CA. Hydraulic.Incidental Construction Table 59 .77 74. WY UT NE American 5220 125 2 130.49 ID 31.57 24.69 ID 130. CA. self-propelled. pull type.09 37.76 146.83 Ferguson 5-8B 9 33. Diesel Powered .08 17.01 37.23 Northwest 70232 3 193.06 77. self-propelled.03 ID 139.Without Bucket MODEL HP BUCKET HOURLY RATE ($) SIZE (cy) AZ. static MODEL WHEELS CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (tons) AZ.76 91.50 150.29 208.76 96.32 34.47 D/7060 CLAMSHELL: Crawler mounted.01 38.32 33.84 146. SD.17 81.92 NV 134. tandem MODEL DRUM HOURLY RATE ($) WIDTH (in) AZ. CA.61 ID 23. WY UT NE American 5220 125 2 139.14 17. NM. CO. Diesel Powered .08 COMPACTORS: Vibratory.43 193.39 16. SD.64 Dynapac CC622 84 79. KS. SD.57 71. WY UT NE Bomag BW5AS 6 31. KS. tandem MODEL CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (tons) AZ.57 16.74 83. CO.49 91. CO.09 37.17 NV 24.28 34.04 RT300-2B 4x4x4 Grove RT525E 25 75 89.49 86. diesel powered.28 36.50 199. KS.39 16. diesel powered MODEL CAPACITY MAX HOURLY RATE ($) (ton) REACH (ft) AZ.23 Hercules PT-11 11 13 15. KS.71 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 117 . NM.09 36.69 Northwest 70232 3 182.57 17.66 COMPACTORS: Rubber tired.09 35.31 74.04 94.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book. NM. KS.76 199. CA.45 Bomag BW161AD-2 66 71. self propelled.43 Ferguson 10-14B 14 36.12 91.12 94. WY UT NE Bomag BW100AD-3 39 23.51 140. WY UT NE Bronerson 15 60 81.76 NV 143.08 91.36 32.02 Hercules PT-13 13 17 17.95 NV 86. CA.06 81.6 14.77 79.with HD Square Nose Bucket MODEL HP BUCKET HOURLY RATE ($) SIZE (cy) AZ.51 188. CA. WY UT NE Hercules PT-9 9 9. NM. NM.76 134. CO.86 15.71 18. CO.29 ID 83.09 4x4x4 Grove RT530E 30 95 91. diesel powered. SD.95 151.67 NV 32.08 NV 15.40 D/7060 CRANES: Rough Terrain.49 4x4x4 COMPACTORS: Static.86 15.96 151.14 17.34 Ferguson 8-12B 12. SD. Continued CLAMSHELL: Crawler mounted.71 85.43 143.96 4x4x4 Grove RT700E 55 110 143. NM.09 96.67 37.

67 163.23 77.26 Ferguson SP1118 11 42. KS. reversible 9 11.89 118.24 42. vibratory plate compactors MODEL HP HOURLY RATE ($) AZ.48 77.27 118. UT NE WY Caterpillar 312CL 0.70 Caterpillar 14H 220 14 130.09 Ferguson SP1130 11 62. SD.68 14 73. WY UT NE Ferguson SP912 9 38. SD.29 83.66 85.14 ID 70.00 6. CA.94 COMPACTORS: Sheepsfoot.83 87.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book.98 Bomag BW213PDBH-3 84 75. NM.34 11.54 7.11 46.14 VCR-360 GRADERS.25 6.29 83.67 215.50 49 210.81 360.25 30 128.43 Page 118 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .25 23 115.56 12.77 18 85.44 115.85 25".07 215. SD.42 DRILLS: Mobile air track with drill and feed MODEL MAX HOLE HOURLY RATE ($) SIZE (in) AZ.54 11.42 41. WY UT NE Bomag BW166PDH-3 66 45. CA. WY UT NE Caterpillar 120H 125 12 67.86 62.83 79. KS. WY UT NE Ingersoll-Rand Rotary 4 47. CA.25 38 152.66 75.15 86. CA. NM.81 70.57 298.42 43.24 39.77 68.33 298.51 55.5"x17" Gas Rammer 4.13 Caterpillar 385L 6.04 13.25 80. WY UT NE 21".09 COMPACTORS: Handheld.43 375.68 175. NM.80 152. KS.00 94 351.24 ID 38.34 7. vibratory MODEL DRUM HOURLY RATE ($) WIDTH (in) AZ.28 80.32 ID 45.46 360.93 Caterpillar 320CL 1.16 6.65 Caterpillar 365BL 3.17 53.41 83. CO.57 NV 70.33 351.60 132. KS. with thumb.89 91.01 Sakai TS200 9 50.15 135.06 50.44 87.60 124. static MODEL WHEELS HOURLY RATE ($) AZ. CO. SD. CA.92 175.32 54. NM. CO. CO.57 224.81 311.38 50.5 6.46 NV 75. NM. SD.11 Caterpillar 325BL 1.92 175.31 138.64 135.77 52.14 NV 50. CA.67 156. self propelled. self propelled.15 135.11 Caterpillar 330BL 2.14 54.80 132. Continued COMPACTORS: Rubber-tired.45 52.48 NV 46.29 83.41 Caterpillar 12H 145 12 77. SD.76 Caterpillar 16H 285 16 168.27 128. CO.11 75. CO.Incidental Construction Table 59 . KS.65 57.00 NV 7. KS.57 184. diesel powered. Motor: Basic machine plus EROPS and rear scarifiers MOLDBOARD ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) SIZE (ft) MODEL (HP) AZ.69 50.64 52.90 Deere 770C II 155 12 80.25 11.56 6.25 80.62 Caterpillar PS200B 9 50.16 ID 47.67 210. NM.28 Caterpillar 345BL II 2.57 ID 73.65 CM345/EVL130 Sullivan-Palatek Pneumatic 4 53.17 48. Gas. Gas.51 64.64 NV 39. diesel powered MODEL CAPACITY WEIGHT HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) (tons) AZ. reversible 6 7.31 156.50 80.25 73.45 45. single drum.69 64.06 43.92 142.54 57.28 ID 7.50 HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS: Crawler mounted tractor.23 47.42 Caterpillar 315CL 0.86 52.60 75 291.07 291.

30 59.97 58.76 Caterpillar 966G Series II 5.02 41.55 10.19 174. self priming PUMP SIZE HOURLY RATE ($) PUMP ENGINE CAPACITY AZ.73 LOADERS: Skid steer type.73 207. NM.13 26.06 61.05 45.06 181. CO.18 103.00 198.79 45.71 6 Gas 90. 4-wd. ID UT NE WY Caterpillar 906 1.97 25 inch 8 5. CO.72 11.19 25.000 10. with EROPS MODEL MAX LOG HOURLY RATE ($) DIA (in) AZ.69 126. CA.13 CASE 435 .47 Caterpillar 988G Series II 8.16 LOADERS: Crawler type.96 1.99 191.71 13.50 60.99 61.35 34.81 32.44 47.81 50.97 4.93 36.79 34.43.24 98.22 99. Continued MINI .16 17.56 132. CA.22 41.00 96.73 NV 25.20 121.98 Caterpillar 950G Series II 4. KS. CO. CO.03 4.90 2. diesel powered.47 61.07 133.76 72.06 32.14 11.00 31.06 14.44 NV 1.62 NV 47.05 11.91 7.89 1.56 Caterpillar 973C 4.07 17. KS.11 5.000 6. KS.47 47. ID UT NE WY Bobcat 753 .18 Caterpillar 963C 3. KS.42 13. SD.22 50.37 17.86 2. ID UT NE WY Caterpillar 933C 1.06 10.79 6. KS.99 LOADERS: Wheel type.47 61.03 5. KS.27 98.HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS: Crawler mounted tractor. NM. diesel powered.14 6.96 2.06 47. SD.00 129.30 46.45 72. NM. SD.000 13. SD.13 34.000 57.97 Note: Unit costs for 2"-6" pumps include 25' of suction and 200' of discharge hose with couplings.11 12.18 126. diesel powered MODEL HOURLY RATE ($) AZ.5 HP 24. CO.96 Deere 555G 1.79 Caterpillar IT14G 1.12 3.92 Caterpillar 980G Series II 7.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book.99 98.47 Case 621E 2. SAWS .54 58.15 133. NM.61 99.00 70.32 45. articulated.24 5.000 41. SD. SD.47 198. ID UT NE WY Deere 17ZTS(ROPS) 0.76 75.62 58. CA.63 11.92 104.99 181.76 99.99 Caterpillar 953C 2.02 10 Diesel 160. diesel powered MODEL CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) AZ.80 12. CA.5(EROPS) 0.34 47.83 34. CA.20 192.03 NV 12. NM.11 17.96 50.Incidental Construction Table 59 . ID (gallons/hr) TYPE UT NE WY 2 Gas 10. NM. with EROPS MODEL BUCKET HOURLY RATE ($) SIZE (cy) AZ.76 57.31 25.24 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 119 . CO.000 47.98 72.62 18.86 20 inch 6 3.35 198.96 2.93 NV 7.92 133.96 4.96 58.77 43.95 14.12 5.42 94.47 139.87 126.98 64. CA.54 8 Diesel 125.97 48. ID UT NE WY 14 inch 2 1.76 43.93 PUMPING UNITS (Trash): Portable.80 CAT 302.56 181.55 4 Gas 36.50 56.72 HP 33.99 NV 32.91 1.Chainsaw: BAR SIZE ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) (in3) AZ.42 59.79 3 Gas 18.70 44.89 16 inch 4 2.

60 214.61 NV 110.88 Spreader Rosco 16.12 Caterpillar 535B 180 114. CO. CO. CA.65 w\auger.73 Diesel 5 hp 11. DOT Type MODEL HOURLY RATE ($) AZ. CA.07 NV 205. NE CA. UT NE WY Caterpillar 621G 16-22 198. diesel powered with EROPS MODEL CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) AZ.46 82. diesel powered with EROPS MODEL CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) AZ.70 205.60 296. UT NE WY Caterpillar 637G 24-34 377.30 NV 389. NM.54 Caterpillar 631G 24-34 286. KS.96 SIGNS. UT NE WY Caterpillar 525B 160 103.53 4.31 117.83 117.05 12.75 7.93 118.26 Deere 748G III 125 171 126.20 SA Caterpillar 525B 120 160 109.05 NV 8. SD. NM. SD.59 135.61 4. UT NE WY Timberjack 360D 85 119 73.99 141.10 345.36 122.86 141.83 79.26 135. SD.43 Deere 540G III 117 76. SD.28 345. NM. CA.Incidental Construction Table 59 . SD.12 118.73 12. SD. CO.66 8. WY Etnyre Chip 10 152 83.12 113.83 112.84 ID 105.07 ID 389.33 ID 84.51 7.86 87.75 110.23 389. KS.20 Spreadpro Tail gate 8 18 7.30 404. CA.12 122.58 Deere 640G III 185 110. gas powered Towed 7 7 4.60 12.71 113.37 SCRAPERS: Dual engine conventional.51 NV 87.58 ID 75. CO.61 4.61 118. NM.84 SKIDDERS: Cable MODEL ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) (HP) AZ.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book. changeable. UT CO.75 148. KS.07 360.83 113. CA.93 Deere 648G III 115 160 110.36 113.86 75.24 129.85 112.58 SKIDDERS: Grapple MODEL GRAPPLE ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) OPEN (in) (HP) AZ.43 82.59 NV 79.14 296. CO. Continued SCRAPERS: Single engine conventional.75 Page 120 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .65 4.30 ID 8.10 345.46 117.02 32-44 Caterpillar 651E 333. NM. Message: trailer mounted.33 SPREADERS: Aggregate MODEL WIDTH ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) (ft) (HP) AZ.58 118.60 296.42 7.12 129. NM.05 8.10 309.88 148. gas powered ID 205.5 205 137.05 12.02 105.20 7.75 78.20 117. KS. KS.09 84. UT NE WY Solar 7.32 78.75 w\auger. KS.

84 47. diesel powered MODEL CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) AZ. EROPS .08 123.86 120. CRAWLER: Power shift/torque converter.47 91.26 74.58 265.88 239.33 183.18 Caterpillar D7H DS 240 150. WY ID 4x4 gasoline 3/4 Ton PU 19. NE CA.24 58.66 47.36 Rig PU 4x4 gasoline 1 Ton PU 25.62 20. NM.37 183.31 Caterpillar D4G XL 80 57. WY ID 4x2 5-6 43. KS.80 68. Blade.26 Caterpillar D5N XL 120 82.07 155.5-18.59 TRACTORS.18 155. NM.11 61.49 94.11 4x2 diesel flatbed 15.35 78.88 Caterpillar D9R 410 230.21 153.68 589. CRAWLER: Power shift/torque converter. WY ID Caterpillar 725 14.40 NV 43.32 29.39 318.28 183.77 239.69 589.82 58.21 85.41 85.63 92.18 43. KS.46 85. SD.31 54.88 192.07 114.59 NV 58.99 163.40 48. KS.63 87.99 239.65 147.49 NV 114.74 78.80 141.13 TRUCKS: Articulated Rear dump.11 589.06 147. NM.42 19.36 19. highway type.25 143.78 25.65 152.74 59.69 32. SD.50 64.37 Caterpillar D6R Series II 165 105.14 318.37 109.42 19.06 Caterpillar 740 22. NE CA. UT CO.00 NV 19.22 348. NE CA.38 29. KS.69 30.18 114. UT CO.13 92.61 141.Incidental Construction Table 59 .65 128.51 71.80 Caterpillar D7H DS 240 136.64 64.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book.59 568.66 TRUCKS: Rear dump.34 32.with Rippers MODEL ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) (HP) AZ.17 4x4 gasoline 3/4 Ton Crew 19.57 6x4 10-12 84.46 69.08 Caterpillar 735 19.40 109.85 82.51 6x4 12-18 91.51 85.03 Caterpillar D5G XL 90 68.58 52.11 25.80 44.8 111. UT CO. EROPS .14 Caterpillar D10R 574 307.84 33.000 32.30 111.98 65. NM. NE CA. SD.57 68.31 59. WY ID Caterpillar D3G XL 70 56.8-30.55 52.00 618.17 99.42 99.71 43.26 84.10 207. Continued TRACTORS.07 541.80 104.18 6x4 8-10 67.37 89. Blade.57 32. UT CO.00 TRUCKS: Pickups and flatbeds AXLE CONFIGURATION GVW HOURLY RATE ($) (lbs) AZ.09 109.1-22.03 67.56 265.11 64.85 99.76 67.68 364.32 4x2 diesel flatbed 25.21 Caterpillar D9R 410 255.21 217.12 318.74 67.62 25.000 46.40 141.15 277.59 207.0 152.34 6x4 diesel flatbed 40.26 85.12 541.74 Caterpillar D5N XL 120 76.60 207. UT CO.000 29.21 156.68 Caterpillar D11R 850 566.12 332.85 Caterpillar D6R Series II 165 96. WY ID Caterpillar D3G XL 70 50. NE CA.23 Caterpillar D4G XL 80 62. SD.12 Caterpillar D11R 850 521. diesel powered AXLE CONFIGURATION CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) AZ.15 348.60 162.42 123.79 19.07 Caterpillar 730 17.23 65.76 65.15 Caterpillar D10R 574 336.8 143.38 25.60 Caterpillar D8R Series II 307 199.23 60. KS.78 155.17 19.28 147.11 Caterpillar D5G XL 90 62.3-25.00 19.28 Caterpillar D8R Series II 307 177. NM.03 71.21 541.16 78.24 29.1 120.21 265.42 119. SD.75 71.42 NV 52.85 348.14 249.47 46.42 156.08 59.without Rippers MODEL ENGINE HOURLY RATE ($) (HP) AZ.99 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 121 .

WY Diesel 5000 82. tandem axle CAPACITY CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (cy) (tons) AZ.07 44. WY 75.39 44.15 75.Top Soiling (Labor 50%) Topsoil needed on disturbed areas of back slopes and fill slopes to establish vegetation will be estimated from a known source before the contract is awarded. NE CA. KS.64 97.79 ID 82.08 DC-CC 400 12. NM. NE CA.55 64.000 GVW Truck 35 95.Hourly Rental Rates from 2009 Blue Book.90 12.20 42. KS.38 213.98 NV 97.60 TRUCKS: Water tankers.66 35.95 86.37 12.38 NV 83.000 GVW Truck 50 99.53 44.99 Diesel 4000 63. tandem axle AXLE CONFIGURATION CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (tons) AZ. NE CA.61 Section 624 .47 12.12 213.78 63. NM.61 ID 42.51 101. off highway FUELD CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (gallons) AZ.24 94.98 97. UT CO.22 Diesel 8000 209. Continued TRUCKS: Water tankers. SD.49 NV 100.55 NV 43.18 141.47 ID 94. SD.68 57. SD.95 144. Elements to consider are move-in costs of equipment needed to clear pit area. planting and seeding after use.53 44. Page 122 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .08 12. NM. Spread .82 ID 97.49 104.81 36. etc.39 56.18 83.81 43.78 56.44 101.97 9. SD.44 100. The cost of pit development must be included if Section 651 is not included.20 35. UT CO. UT CO.58 WELDERS: Portable. Haul .54 Diesel 6000 141.Use time and equipment.46 Diesel 3500 55.71 Diesel 3000 42. purchase price for topsoil on other than USFS land.31 TRUCKS: Truck tractor with hydraulic gooseneck lowboy trailer.31 209. WY Gasoline 1500 42. SD. WY 18 27 93.Incidental Construction Table 59 . Clearing and development of pit area . NM.12 148.99 43.66 45.Use time and equipment. diesel. WY DC-CC 300 8.37 NV 9.65 55. KS.31 144.see Section 651. KS.90 8.50 Diesel 2500 35. shaping-up of pit after use.31 Gasoline 2500 44. Include the following in cost estimates: Loading costs . UT CO. UT CO. NM. KS.see Haul Section in this cost guide. cost of clearing and disposal.99 44.07 35. NE CA. NE CA.47 TRUCKS: Truck tractor with single-gate belly dump trailer.58 ID 8.68 64. mounted on skid MODEL HOURLY RATE ($) AZ.15 104.82 220. highway FUEL CAPACITY HOURLY RATE ($) (gallons) AZ.65 43.79 66.

Section 633 .000 per acre. Cost of fertilizer.06. Supplier list is located in Table 77 on page 152.Rolled Erosion Control Products And Cellular Confinement Systems Costs for erosion control blankets and netting range from $2 to $4 per SY installed.00/Lineal Ft $60 to $110/Ea $15 to $25/Ea $16/Sq Ft $17/Sq Ft $16/Sq Ft $50 to $140/Ea $75 to $175/Ea $20 to $35/Ea $15 EA Table 61 . get a quote from a supplier.000 to $4. should be used only for supplemental applications. Table 60 . There are no allowances in the costs for watering or compacting the seedbed. Hydraulic Method=4050%) Note: The costs for seeding and fertilizing are based on applying seed and fertilizer in one application.Traffic Control Installation Costs Install Only Sign and Post (one) Price $30-$50/Ea 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 123 . Call suppliers for current pricing. Dry Method with Mulch = 60%. The cost for Hydraulic Method (hydroseeding) is about $2. If Native Grass Seed is required. where required.Incidental Construction Section 625 . Section 625. Cost for Dry Method is about $400 to $600 per acre.Turf Establishment (Labor: Dry Method = 30-40%. Fertilizer. If you include these requirements an additional allowance will have to be made. Supplier list is located in Table 78 on page 153.Traffic Control Material Prices Materials Wood Post Steel Post Signs Route Markers Aluminum Sign Panels Fiberglass Sign Panels Wood Sign Panels Regulatory/Warning Signs Sign and Post(s) Delineators w/ posts Delineator only Double Sided Price $6 to $8/Lineal Ft $2. should be included in the base item. Section 629 .Permanent Traffic Control (Labor 60%) Costs below are for planning purposes only. See Section 157 for more seeding options.

grubbing. and $1. Pay particular attention to materials and terrain encountered in access road construction that will affect cost of construction. and double solid to make estimate. restoration. Clearing. Supplier list is located in Table 80 on page 155. and materials.15% Concrete Barriers .Call for quotes. Estimate by time. Page 124 (4/2009) 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .10% ----. slope rounding. and clean-up should be estimated as lump sum based upon equipment and labor hours or unit prices for construction items as covered in Section 204. cleaning surface to be painted. equipment. C. Contact suppliers for current costs. B. include additional allowance for difficult terrain.Permanent Pavement Markings (Contract Item) Costs can be estimated on the basis of the gallons of paint required including the cost of glass beads. Section 634 .30% Costs range from $1.Development Of Pits And Quarries (Labor percent and reduction as per sections used in estimating) A. and tighter working areas. and protection of markings until dry. Access roads may be estimated as lump sum based upon equipment and labor hours or unit prices for construction items as covered in Section 204. application.Road Closure Devices Labor: Metal Gates .700 each for single-lane metal gates. Quarry stripping.500 to $3. paint.200 to $1. and slash clean-up should be estimated as recommended for Section 201. Campground and parking area striping will cost more due to the short lengths. equipment and material. Contact local State DOT for contractors: Section 650 . Supplier list is located in Table 79 on page 154. See FSSS Section 634 for application rates for paint and beads. single dashed.Incidental Construction Costs must be increased if sign posts are to be installed in rocky fills or other situations requiring difficult excavation. or time. Section 651 . Estimator should use designed lengths of single solid. Guardrail Barriers . intermittent markings.500 each for double-lane metal gates.

Incidental Construction D. Turf establishment may be estimated per instructions in Section 625. E. Ground and traffic control estimated per requirements in Section 635. If Section 651 is not included in the contract, development costs should be included in the items requiring the pit or quarry. Estimator should pay close attention to requirements shown on the pit development plan.

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Select the unit cost based on the average timber volume per acre (MBF/Acre). Table 25. etc. Contact the Timber staff responsible for the timber sale to obtain the appropriate costs to remove. 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 129 .Timber Sale Preparation Handbook.Timber Sale Unit Cost Adjustment Factor For Wage Differentials. if applicable. and building water bars or cross ditches after the road is no longer needed. Estimate the costs of all temporary roads. Step 1: Using Table T-1. or lease. removal of culverts and ditches. Temporary roads generally are built for one or two seasons of use for limited traffic. in the Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments section of this guide. and skidding for temporary roads so these costs must be removed from the clearing cost calculated here. Adjust for Purchaser wage rate. determine the quantity in acres for clearing and grubbing based on the average sideslope of the temporary road. Check for additional guidance contained in regional supplements. If additional clearing width is desired for windrow placement. permit.. or an estimate by time and equipment. the estimator should use the labor rates and equipment rental rates contained in this Cost Guide. In addition to this NFMA requirement. The National Forest Management Act (NFMA) requires that any temporary road built as part of a timber sale or other permit/lease shall be designed with the goal of reestablishing vegetative cover on the roadway and adjacent disturbed area within ten years after the termination of the contract. Adjust the cost per mile for Davis-Bacon work Areas using Table 21 in the Engineer’s Estimate section. Apply the appropriate topographic factors from Section 201. The following procedure. should be used to develop temporary road costs that will be included in the timber sale appraisal. the timber staff should have the volume per acre data as well. if any. Also. using the . The labor rates need to be adjusted per section entitled Timber Sale Wage Rate Adjustments which appear earlier in this publication. Step 1a: The timber sale appraisal makes cost allowances for felling.18 . under Chapter 45.” The responsibility for the accuracy of temporary road cost estimates in some Regions may rest with the Forest Engineer. the timber sale contract requires outsloping.Temporary Road Cost Estimating Cost Estimating For Temporary Roads The decision to construct temporary roads for a timber sale or other activity is based on transportation planning and resource objectives that are documented in a NEPA decision. If time and equipment methods are used. bucking.36d: “Coordinate closely with the local engineering staff to develop the cost of temporary roads or other temporary development identified in the timber sale contract. Per FSH 2409. Make adjustment for the method of slash disposal used. Following the example estimate in this section is one way to document temporary road costs estimates. Calculate the cost per mile by multiplying the quantity by the clearing unit cost per acre from Figure 1. using cost data contained in Area or regional cost guides and schedules. make necessary cost allowances.

The quantities listed for seeding includes the roadbed and all slopes. Calculate the cost per mile by multiplying the quantity by the unit cost per acre of the turf establishment method used (See Sections 157 and 625). Using Table T-1. Remove Profit allowance by dividing the total in Step 8 by 1.600/acre (from Section 201. Calculate the cost per mile by multiplying the quantity by the base cost per cy for excavation from Section 204. If turnouts or turnarounds are desired. Determine the total cost of drainage structures from the appropriate sections of this guide: Add the costs determined in Steps 6 and 7. This item should be included in every temporary road.10.Temporary Road Cost Estimating Step 2: Using Table T-1. Add an allowance of 7% for Mobilization. Multiply unit cost from Step 5 by the length of the temporary road(s).11 acres/mile (from Table T-1)  Unit cost for 20 MBF/acre = $2. Determine the cost of obliteration using Section 211. if any.5 miles Timber volume: 20 MBF/acre Slash: Disposal on site Drainage structures: 3 drain dips 1 . Figure 1)  Percent labor = 40% (reference labor percent given in Section 201) Page 130 (4/2009) Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .24" x 36’ culvert Obliteration: Outslope and rip roadbed Step 1:  Clearing and grubbing = 2.Temporary Road Construction Location: Idaho Area 2 Average side slope: 30% Estimated length: 1.18" x 40’ culvert 1 . adjust excavation costs accordingly (See Section 212). Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Step 7: Step 8: Step 9: Example 13 . Total the unit per mile costs determined in Steps 1 through 4. determine seeding quantity per mile based on the average side slope for the temporary road. Make adjustments for type of excavation material. determine excavation quantity per mile based on the average side slope for the temporary road.

02 (from Table 21) Adjustment factor for Timber Sale wage rate = 0.726 cy/Mile * $1.11 acres/mile * $2.054/mile 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 131 .909/mile Step 1a:  Cost allowance for felling. Table 39)  Percent labor = 30% (reference labor percent given in Section 204)  Adjustment factor for Davis-Bacon wages for Idaho Area 2 = 1.293/mile Final Step 1 Cost = $5. Table 36) Slash/Clean Up factor for disposal on site = 1.066/mile + $1. no mulch = $500/acre (from Section 625)  Percent labor = 50% (reference labor percent given in Section 625)  Adjustment factor for Davis-Bacon wages for Idaho Area 2 = 1.11 acres/mile = $3.683/mile = $8.616/mile + $2.03/MBF * 2.0 (from Section 201.0 * 1.02 * 0.2 = $5.125/mile (from Section 211)  Rip roadbed= $750/mile (from Section 211)  Percent labor = 40% (reference labor percent given in Section 211)  Adjustment factor for Davis-Bacon wages for Idaho Area 2 = 1.02 (from Table 21)  Adjustment factor for Timber Sale wage rate = 0.(Step 1a) + (Step 2) + (Step 3) + (Step 4) = $2.616/mile Step 2:  Excavation = 1.66/cy * 1.726 cy/mile (from Table T-1)  Base cost for excavation from Section 204 = $1.92 (from Table 25) Cost = 1.88 * 1.0 (from Section.88 = $1.02 * 0.38 acres/mile * $500/acre * 1.689/mile Step 3:  Seeding = 2.125/mile + $750/mile) * 1. Table 37) = 2. and skidding = $78.02 * 0.689/mile + $1.Temporary Road Cost Estimating     Cost Adjustment factor for Davis-Bacon wages for Idaho Area 2 = 1.92 = $2. bucking.02 (from Table 21)  Adjustment factor for Timber Sale wage rate = 0.066/mile Step 4:  Outslope road = $1.03/MBF (from the Timber staff) Cost = 20 MBF/acre * $78.87 = $1.38 acres/mile (from Table T-1)  Unit cost for seeding with fertilizer.03 * 0.02 (from Table 21)  Adjustment factor for Timber Sale wage rate = 0.909/mile .$3.293/mile = $2.600/acre * 1.0 * 1.88 (from Table 25) Topographic factor for 30% side slope = 1.2 (from Section 201.87 (from Table 25) Cost = 2.683/mile Step 5: (Step 1) .88 (from Table 25) Cost = ($1.66/cy (Section 204)  Adjustment factor for common excavation materials = 1.

Excavation is based on self-balanced sections.02 (from Table 21)  Adjustment factor for Timber Sale wage rate = 0.220 + $1.819/1.51 3.819 Step 9: $15.285) * 1. Table T-1 Summary of quantities for a 12 foot wide road template w/o ditch.081 Step 7:  3 Drain Dips at $125 each = $375 (from Section 204)  1 . refer to Section 157 for additional information.50/LF = 40 x $30. Clearing limits are 0 feet beyond top of cut.07 = $1.99 2.285 (from Section 602.035 Total Cost = $14. compaction factor of 25% was used.74 Page 132 (4/2009) Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction .10 (profit) = $14.054/mile x 1. Table 53)  Total drainage structure cost = $330 + $1.220 (from Section 602. this example did not include truck turnouts or turnarounds or additional clearing for windrows.  Adjustment factor for Davis-Bacon wages for Idaho Area 2 = 1.63 1.081 + $2. Excavation per mile (cy) 386 1023 1726 2753 4239 Average Side slope (%) 10 20 30 40 50 Clearing per mile (acre) 1.784 x 0.784 + $1.38 2.380 (rounded) Note: Temporary erosion control measures are not included in above example.703 Step 8: (Step 6) + (Step 7) = $12.188 = $2.703 = $14.784 Mobilization = $14.92 3. Also.11 2.69 1.638  Percent labor = 30%.11 Seeding per mile (acre) 1.70/LF = 36 x $35.18” x 40’ CMP at $30. 0 feet beyond toe of fill.Temporary Road Cost Estimating Step 6: $8.92 = $2. Table 53)  1 . with 3/4:1 cut slopes and 1.70 = $1.035 = $15.50 = $1.120 + $1.33:1 fill slopes No Minimum clearing width. seeding applied to ALL slopes and roadbed.83 2.5 miles = $12.24” x 36’ CMP at $35. 25 % Comp.92 (from Table 25) Cost = ($375 + $1.02 * 0.

____________" CMP (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Clearing and Grubbing Excavation Seeding Obliteration Total Unit Cost (1)+(2)+(3)+(4) = _______________________/Mile = _______________________/Mile = _______________________/Mile = _______________________/Mile = _______________________/Mile Basic Cost Total (5) x Length = ____________/Mile x _________ Mile(s) = ___________ Drainage Structures Drainage Cost Total = _______________ (8) Basic Cost (5) + Drainage Cost (6) = ________________(a) Mobilization = (a)____________ x ____________ % = ___________(b) Subtotal = Mobilization (b) + (a) =_________________ (c) (9) TOTAL COST = (c)____________ / 1.Cost Estimate for Temporary Roads Sale Name ______________________________ Made by __________________________________ Unit or Road No. _________________________Checked by ________________________________ Reference: Cost estimating procedures for temporary roads from Cost Guide .Temporary Road Cost Estimating Form 2 . = ____________ Miles ____________ MBF/Acre ____________ Dips ____________ 18" CMP.10 (Profit) = ____________* End of Temporary Road Cost Estimating 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 133 .pages ___________________________ Average Side Slope: Length: Timber Volume: Drainage Structures: ___________________________ ____________ ft.

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Abbreviations Abbreviations °F A/E AQM C CIM CL CMP CPI cy D D-B DD DIA Ea F FP-03 FSSS ft gal GVW H in L lb lbs LF NFMA P PAE PC PI PT QA QC RP SY TPH V W yd yd2 yd3 Degrees Fahrenheit Architectural and Engineering Acquisition Management Cut Construction induced maintenance Centerline Corrugated metal pipe Consumer Price Index Cubic yard Ditch Davis-Bacon wage rates Drain dip Diameter Each Fill Standard Specifications for Construction of Roads and Bridges on Federal Highway Projects Forest Service Supplemental Specifications Foot Gallon Gross vehicular weight Horizontal Inch L-line (final location line) Pound Pounds Linear foot National Forest Management Act P-line (preliminary location line) Post award engineering Point of curvature Point of intersect Point of tangency Quality assurance Quality control Reference point Square yard Tons per hour Vertical Width Yard Square yard Cubic yard 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 137 .

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SUPPLIERS 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (4/2009) Page 139 .

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These lists are not an endorsement of any product or firm by the USDA or Forest Service.geoproducts.hilfiker. OH 45069 8615 Goldon Spike Ln Houston.com Contact Contech Construction Products 1-800-338-1122 check online for your state's office 281-820-5493 www. 415 541-5300 www.org Al Florez GeoCell Systems. Inc.geocell-systems.com GSI/SNL GeoStabilization.contech-cpi. NM 87113 Suppliers .com 435 623-1433 505-344-6006 Brent Taylor J-H Supply. TX 77086 Suite 202 Pier 54. NM 87107 9025 Centre Pointe Drive. Inc. Table 62 . Terry Francois Blvd. Inc.com Cameron Lobato Colby Barrett Suzane Hilfiker Retaining Walls (ArtWeld Gabions) 707-443-5093 800-762-8962 www. San Francisco. 970-210-6170 www. CO 81521 3900 Broadway PO Box 2012 Eureka. Companies are listed in alphabetical order. Fruita. Companies may not use this list for advertising or promotional purposes. CA 95502 PO Box 39 Levan. NE #A Albuquerque.geostabilization.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 141 Lists of suppliers are provided for a starting reference only. UT 84639 Phone 505-344-6626 Website www. Suite 400 West Chester. CA 94158 955 Malachite Dr. 2132 Osuna Rd.materialsinc.Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Wall Suppliers Name Buildology Address 3601 Pan American NE Albuquerque.com Geo Products www.

Inc.terraaqua.maccaferri-usa. West Sacramento. NV 89510 3904 Virginia Ave. .com Chance Foreman See Slope Reinforcement and Retaining Walls (page 77) for details.com US Fabrics Inc.com Vance Bros.com Jeff Contact Page 142 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Modular Gabion Systems (Distributed locally by Contech) Soil Stabilization Products Co. CA 95340 PO Box 7546 Reno. TX PO Box 2779 Merced.usfabricsinc. Houston. CA 95691 Phone 916-371-5892 800-328-5805 PHX 602-246-9071 800-324-8282 Website www. CO 80040 www.net Grant Detro 209-383-3296 800-523-9992 775-828-1390 800 -736-9089 800-518-2290 www. www.(03/2009) Suppliers Name Maccaferri Gabions Address 3650 Seaport Blvd.org Samuel Randolph Noel Cline Terra Aqua Inc. www.sspco. 303-341-2604 800-228-3671 www. OH 45227 PO Box 369 Aurora..vancebrothers. Cincinatti. MGS Corp Office: 2221 Canada Dry St.gabions.

Box 243 Spokane. Lewiston.nasalt. NM.O.lymandustcontrol.com Jason Bagely See Section 306 (page 86) for details. Box 1236 Bellingham. CO 80634 75 N. 640 W. ID 83501 P. 360-733-4410 800-365-4348 www.com Jeff Greenburg Lyman Dust Control www.O. Inc. NM. 87417 P. 87417 910 54th Avenue. UT 84054 Plant .Rowley.com See Section 306 (page 86) for details. Box 1633 Kirtland. WA 98227 Phone 800-375-9264 Website Contact Emil Mead Georgia-Pacific West. WA 99210 Ogden. Box 1633 Kirtland. Table 64 . UT P. www. UT Phone 208-743-5596 Website Contact Desert Mountain Corporation 800-375-9264 Envirotech 800-369-3878 970-346-3900 801-936-4100 800-336-3911 509-999-2000 800-952-6457 913-344-9390 www. Suite 230 Greeley.Magnesium Chloride Suppliers Name Atlas Sand and Rock Address 4341 Snake River Ave.O.com Jerry Lyman North American Salt www.Lignin Sulfonate Suppliers Name Desert Mountain Corporation Address P.envirotechservices.gp.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 143 Table 63 .hillbrothers.com Hill Brothers Chemical Co. Suppliers Suppliers . N. Salt Lake.O.

O. TX BC. Canada Chuck Hodgdon www. www. Salt Lake.hillbrothers.tigercalcium.Rowley.Calcium Chloride Suppliers Name Cargill Salt Desert Mountain Corporation Address Farmington.com www. UT P. 75 N. .com Greg MacDonnel Jeff Greenburg Hyland Enterprises.cargillsalt. Canada 780-955-5004 800-661-4298 281-852-4754 780-436-4832 www. www. 87417 Phone 801-557-9967 800-375-9264 Website www.com John May Clark Sazwan Vitro Chemical Ward Chemical Humble.com Al Korchinski See Section 306 (page 86) for details.O.com www. Inc.tetratec.wardchem.dow. WY 82301 800-447-4369 801-936-4100 800-336-3911 307-328-0668 800-651-5263 800-327-7817 x350 BC. UT P.hylandenterprisesinc. N.com Contact Steve Cheuvront Emil Mead Dow Chemical Hill Brothers Chemical Co. Box 1633 Kirtland.(03/2009) Page 144 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Suppliers Table 65 . NM. 640 W.com Doug Dowlin Tetra Technologies Tiger Calcium Services. Inc. Box 2377 Rawlins. UT 84054 Plant .

usgs.com Central Oregon Bentontite 541-477-3351 www.pdf Suppliers . Inc.bhbentonite. Suite 800 Denver.com/bug/tdarby M-1 Bentontite (Usnewco) Teague Mineral Products 307-765-9583 866-299-1464 541-339-3940 John Livezey Wyo-Ben.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/clays/190200. There is also the USGS publication "Directory Of Companies Mining Specialty Clays In The United States In 2000" located at: http://minerals.angelfire. 800-548-7055 www. WY 410 17th Street. CO 80202 Box 9 Mills. OR 97754 PO Box 832 Greybull.com Contact Charles McAughan www. WY 82644 50500 SE Camp Creek Rdprineville.com Rick Zavitz See Section 303 (page 85) for details. OR Billings.Bentonite Suppliers Name American Colloid Bentonite Performance Minerals. Black Hills Bentonite Address Lovell. MT Phone 800-322-1159 281-871-7900 303-571-8240 800-7889443 Website www. Inc.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 145 Table 66 .americancolloid.wyoben. WY 82426 1925 Highway 201 Adrian.

Address P.aspx SemMaterials 970 241-1135 801 295-3489 208 345-2538 509 487-4560 See Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments (page 95) for details. ID 83405-0538 Phone 208 524-5871 800 524-1679 Website www. .O.Clarified Dust Oil D0-4 Suppliers Name Idaho Asphalt Supply Inc. UT Boise.com/asphalt postings.com I Contact See Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments (page 95) for details.E.Asphalt Suppliers Name Golden Bear Oil Specialties Address P. ID Salt Lake City. CA 93388 6400 Richmar Ave.hollycorp. NM Glendale.com/ Holly Asphalt http://www. Table 68 . SD 57702 Albuquerque.com Contact John Petrilli Hills Materials Company 605 394-3300 623 385-3657 www. WA Phone 661 393-7110 702 361-3700 Website www.O.php www.hillsmaterials.idahoasphalt. AZ Idaho Falls.idahoasphalt.(03/2009) Page 146 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Suppliers Table 67 .connacheroil.com/ Idaho Asphalt Supply 208 524-5871 www. UT California 1900 10th Street N.com/operatio ns/montana. Great Falls. CO Woods Cross. ID Spokane. Box 5446 Oakdale. Box 50538 Idaho Falls. MT 59404 Grand Junction. NV 89139 3330 Sturgis Road Rapid City.com Montana Refining 406 761-4100 www. Las Vegas.semmaterials.goldenbearoil.

O. Address 1010 West Main Jerome. Inc. Inc www. PO Box 540356 North Salt Lake City 84054 PO Box 1655. CO PO Box 920 Rapid City. 400 W. SD 57702 Phone 800-821-6710 801-296-2055 Website www.northwestpipe.Enzyme and Resin Suppliers Name Idaho Enzymes. Box 2779 Merced. 85323 2868 I-70 Business Loop Grand Junction.gjpipe. ID 83338 P.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 147 Table 69 . Table 70 .sspco.Plastic Pipe Suppliers Name Advanced Drainage Systems Address 240 N. 3rd Ave. Gillette. Avondale. WY 82717 439 S. Az.com Northwest Pipe Fittings.com Contact Contractor's Supply. Inc 307-682-5153 800-284-8182 888-382-930 623-842-1255 970-243-4604 800-748-1564 605-342-5587 www.ads-pipe. Suppliers .net Terry Weber See Section 602 (page 109) for details.com Field Lining Systems GJ Pipe & Supply www.fieldliningsystems.com See Asphalt Pavements and Surface Treatments (page 95) for details. CA 95340 Phone 208 324-3642 Website Contact Soil Stabilization Products Company 209 383-3296 800 523-9992 www.

com/products/steel pipe/ Contact Contech Const.com/drainage/products_mate rials/128 GJ Pipe & Supply 2868 I-70 Business Loop Grand Junction. CO Albuquerque.bigrmfg.contechcpi. WY www.gjpipe.Metal Pipe Suppliers Name Big "R" Manufacturing & Distribution. CO 80632 3150 Airport Road.roscoesteel.Manholes. PO Box 103 Pierre. Inc Central Culvert Supply Address PO Box 1290 Greeley. Inlets.com Contact See Section 604 (page 111) for details. .com/contact.com Roscoe Steel & Culvert www. ID (Boise area) Twin Falls. And Catch Basin Suppliers Name GJ Pipe & Supply Address 2868 I-70 Business Loop Grand Junction.gjpipe. Table 72 . Products. NM Phone 303 893-8480 800 234-0734 605 224-5222 Website www. CO Phone 970-243-4604 800-748-1564 Website www. ID Wheatridge. MT Missoula.html See Section 602 (page 109) for details. Inc 801 363-3873 208 939-3505 208 733-4188 303 431-8999 800 777-7972 505 842-8282 800 522-5237 970-243-4604 800-748-1564 406 656-2253 307 472-7121 www. SD 57501 Salt Lake City. UT Eagle.(03/2009) Page 148 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Suppliers Table 71 . CO Billings. MT Casper.

com US Fabrics 800 518-2290 www. 400 W. Salt Lake City. UT 84116 Twin Falls. ID Boise.usfabricsinc.contechcpi. PO Box 540356 N. Salt Lake City. OH 45227 www.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 149 Table 73 . UT 84054 N. Fremont Dr. And Pavement Edge Drain Suppliers Name Advanced Drainage Systems Address 240 N. Denver.com Contact Contech Construction Products 801 363-3873 208 733-4188 208 344-2570 800 999-8399 303 595-8722 www.Underdrains.drainage-eljen.com See Section 605 (page 111) for details. 13th Ave.com/drainage/products_mate rials/128 Master Distributors 1600 W. Suppliers .ads-pipe. CO 80204 15171 E. CO 80112 3904 Virginia Ave Cincinatti. ID Phoenix.com Rich Minteer Nilex Corporation 303 766-2000 www. Sheet Drains. Englewood. AZ Phone 303 766-2000 Website www.nilex.

com See Section 618 (page 114) for details. NE #A Albuquerque. LLC CRETEX Concrete Products Boise.com Discount Crowd Control www.(03/2009) Page 150 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 150 Suppliers Table 74 .highwayguardrail. Olathe. Ste.O. 2 Rapid City.discountcrowdcontrol.com Trinity Highway Products 801-292-4461 800-772-7976 www.cretexwest. Inc. NM 87004 Address Phone 208-860-5626 605-718-4111 605-343-1450 866-755-3325 Website Contact www. Park St. SAN BAR Constuction Corp 505 452-8000 www. Box 99 Centerville. Table 75 . NM 87113 9101 Broadway Albuquerque. Inc. SD 57702 803 E.sanbarcc.Guardrail Suppliers Name Coral Sales Company Address PO Box 22385 Milwaukee.Concrete Barrier Suppliers Name Beauregards. NM 87105 P. ID 2046 Samco Rd. OR 97269 2132 Osuna Rd. Bernalillo.coralsales. 505-867-9035 866-867-9035 www.com See Section 617 (page 114) for details. UT 84014 Phone 800 538-7245 505-344-6006 Website www.com Materials. Suppliers .materialsinc.com Contact J-H Supply. KS 66061 318 South Hill Rd.

Gates And Cattleguard Suppliers Name Big "R" Manufacturing and Distribution. NM 88318 4850 Henry St. Inc Colorado Correctional Industries (Dept. of Corrections) Cow Country Equipment Address PO Box 1290 Greeley. .com Contact 719-269-4540 605-342-8258 505-849-8446 Hueys Metal Service Center Pavement Markings Northwest 208-388-8858 Powder River 801-374-2983 800-453-5318 www. ID 388 E. SD 57703 P. CO 81215 4501 S. P.O. AZ 85929 Phone 970-356-9600 800-234-0734 Website www. 900 S.com WW Cattle Guards and Precast 928-537-3125 See Section 619 (page 114) for details. Box 377 Corona. Box 1600 Cañon Complex Cañon City. CO 80632 P.Table 76 .O.powderriver. Interstate 90 Service Rapid City.Fencing.bigrmfg. Boise. UT 84605 5742 Webb Dr.O. Box 50758 Provo. Lakeside.

Eugene.com RoLanka 1 800 760 3215 www.geoproducts.Rolled Erosion Control Products And Cellular Confinement System Suppliers Name Geo Products Address 8615 Goldon Spike Ln Houston. .com Soil Stabilization Products Co.net See Section 629 (page 124) for details. 7th Place. GA 30281 PO Box 2779 Merced. CA 95340 2635 W.nagreen. TX 77086 14649 Highway 41 North. 209-383-3296 800-523-9992 1-800-321-1037 www. LLC www. OR. IN 47725 155 Andrew Drive. Evansville.org Contact Al Florez North American Green 1-800-722-2040 www. 97402 Phone 281 820-5493 Website www.sspco. Stockbridge.rolanka.org Samuel Randolph Terra Tech.terratech.(03/2009) Page 152 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Suppliers Table 77 .

CO 80123 605 342-8303 UNICOR Sign Factory 303 763-2588 Karla Kunsemiller See Section 633 (page 123) for details. Quincy Ave Littleton. NE #A Albuquerque. SD 57702 9595 W. NM 2132 Osuna Rd. NM 87113 1606 6th Ave SW Jamestown.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 153 Table 78 . NM Phone 505-878-9690 Website Contact J-H Supply. 505-344-6006 Newman Signs 800 437-9770 P and M Signs Inc (GSA contract) Perma Letter Sign Co. Bachman Chris Patty Preston Signs of Orion Stonehouse Signs (GSA: GS-07F-5550P) Summit Signs and Supplies 406 599-0382 800 525-0456 Ext. 505 847-2850 1105 4th Ave. Suppliers . N. Billings. Inc. MT 406 252-1102 Ronald A. ND 58402 Mountainarir.Permanent Traffic Control Material Suppliers Name Action Safety Supply Address 700 Haines Ave NW Albuquerque. MT 59101 Bozeman. 205 2340 Deadwood Ave Rapid City.

Ammon. Sunnyside St. Inc. ID 83406 2132 Osuna Rd. ID 3400 E. NM 87113 4850 Henry St. Elm Grove.Permanent Pavement Marking Suppliers Name Emery Brothers Address 21357 Highway 30 Filer. WI 53122 Phone 208 733-3951 Website Contact Idaho Traffic Safety 208 522-4470 J-H Supply. NE #A Albuquerque. 505-344-6006 Pavement Markings Northwest 208 388-8858 TAPCO 800 236-0112 See Section 634 (page 124) for details. Boise.(03/2009) Page 154 2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction Suppliers Table 79 . ID 800 Wall St. .

O. Colorado 80632 4501 S. Box 377 Corona.Road Closure Device Suppliers Name Big "R" Manufacturing and Distribution. Box 50758 Provo. Suppliers .O. AZ 85929 Phone 970 356-9600 800 234-0734 605 342-8258 505 849-8446 Website www. SD 57703 P. 801 374-2983 800 453-5318 www. Inc Cow Country Equipment Address PO Box 1290 Greeley. P.. Box 1756 Lakeside. NM 88318 388 E.bigrmfg.com Ross Gull WW Cattle Guards and Precast 520 537-3125 800 845-3234 Bob Sebring See Section 650 (page 124) for details. Utah 84605 Route 4. Interstate 90 Service Rapid City.com Contact Hueys Metal Service Center Powder River Co.powderriver. 900 S.2009 Cost Estimating Guide for Road Construction (03/2009) Page 155 Table 80 .

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