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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

SIPROTEC 4 7SJ62
Multifunction Protection Relay
Function overview

Protection functions
• Time-overcurrent protection
(definite-time/inverse-time/user-def.)
• Directional time-overcurrent protection
(definite-time/inverse-time/user-def.)
• Sensitive dir./non-dir. earth-fault
detection
• Displacement voltage
• Intermittent earth-fault protection
• High-impedance restricted earth fault
LSP2299-afpen.eps

• Inrush restraint
• Motor protection
– Undercurrent monitoring
– Starting time supervision
Fig. 5/76 – Restart inhibit 5
SIPROTEC 7SJ62 – Locked rotor
multifunction protection relay • Overload protection
• Temperature monitoring
• Under-/overvoltage protection
• Under-/overfrequency protection
• Breaker failure protection
Description
• Negative-sequence protection
The SIPROTEC 4 7SJ62 relays can be used • Phase-sequence monitoring
for line protection of high and medium • Auto-reclosure
voltage networks with earthed (grounded), • Fault locator
low-resistance earthed, isolated or com- • Lockout
pensated neutral point. For motor protec- Control functions/programmable logic
tion, the SIPROTEC 4 7SJ62 is suitable for
asynchronous machines of all sizes. The • Commands f. ctrl of CB and of isolators
relay performs all functions of backup pro- • Control via keyboard, binary inputs,
tection supplementary to transformer dif- DIGSI 4 or SCADA system
ferential protection. • User-defined logic with CFC
The relay provides a simple control of the (e.g. interlocking)
circuit-breaker and automation functions. Monitoring functions
The integrated programmable logic (CFC) • Operational measured values V, I, f
allows the user to implement their own • Energy metering values Wp, Wq
functions, e. g. for the automation of
• Circuit-breaker wear monitoring
switchgear (interlocking). The user is also
allowed to generate user-defined messages.
• Slave pointer
• Trip circuit supervision
The flexible communication interfaces are • Fuse failure monitor
open for modern communication architec- • 8 oscillographic fault records
tures with control systems.
Communication interfaces
• System interface
– IEC 60870-5-103/ IEC 618501)
– PROFIBUS-FMS/-DP
– DNP 3.0/MODBUS RTU
• Service interface for DIGSI 4 (modem)
• Front interface for DIGSI 4
• Time synchronization via IRIG B/DCF77
Hardware
• 4 current transformers
• 3 voltage transformers
• 8/11 binary inputs
1) Version V4.51 and newer. • 8/6 output relays

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/83


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Application

Fig. 5/77 Function diagram

The SIPROTEC 4 7SJ62 unit is a numerical Line protection Backup protection


protection relay that also performs control The 7SJ62 units can be used for line pro- The 7SJ62can be used universally for
and monitoring functions and therefore tection of high and medium-voltage net- backup protection.
supports the user in cost-effective power works with earthed (grounded), low-
system management, and ensures reliable resistance earthed, isolated or compensated Metering values
supply of electric power to the customers. neutral point.
Local operation has been designed accord- Extensive measured values, limit values
ing to ergonomic criteria. A large, easy-to- and metered values permit improved
Motor protection system management.
read display was a major design aim.
When protecting motors, the 7SJ62 relay is
Control suitable for asynchronous machines of all
sizes.
The integrated control function permits
control of disconnect devices (electrically Transformer protection
operated/motorized switches) or circuit-
breakers via the integrated operator panel, The relay performs all functions of backup
binary inputs, DIGSI 4 or the control and protection supplementary to transformer
protection system (e.g. SICAM). A full differential protection. The inrush sup-
range of command processing functions is pression effectively prevents tripping by in-
provided. rush currents.
The high-impedance restricted earth-fault
Programmable logic protection detects short-circuits and insu-
The integrated logic characteristics (CFC) lation faults on the transformer.
allow the user to implement their own
functions for automation of switchgear
(interlocking) or a substation via a graphic
user interface. The user can also generate
user-defined messages.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Application

ANSI No. IEC Protection functions

50, 50N I>, I>>, IE>, IE>> Definite time-overcurrent protection (phase/neutral)

51, 51N Ip, IEp Inverse time-overcurrent protection (phase/neutral)

67, 67N Idir>, Idir>>, Ip dir Directional time-overcurrent protection (definite/inverse, phase/neutral),
IEdir>, IEdir>>, IEp dir Directional comparison protection

67Ns/50Ns IEE>, IEE>>, IEEp Directional/non-directional sensitive earth-fault detection

– Cold load pick-up (dynamic setting change)

59N/64 VE, V0> Displacement voltage, zero-sequence voltage

– IIE> Intermittent earth fault

87N High-impedance restricted earth-fault protection

50BF Breaker failure protection 5


79 Auto-reclosure

46 I2> Phase-balance current protection (negative-sequence protection)

47 V2>, phase-sequence Unbalance-voltage protection and/or phase-sequence monitoring

49 ϑ> Thermal overload protection

48 Starting time supervision

14 Locked rotor protection

66/86 Restart inhibit

37 I< Undercurrent monitoring

38 Temperature monitoring via external device (RTD-box), e.g. bearing temperature monitoring

27, 59 V<, V> Undervoltage/overvoltage protection

81O/U f>, f< Overfrequency/underfrequency protection

21FL Fault locator

Construction

Connection techniques and


housing with many advantages
1/3-rack sizes is the available housing
width of the 7SJ62 relays, referred to a 19”
module frame system. This means that
previous models can always be replaced.
The height is a uniform 244 mm for flush-
mounting housings and 266 mm for sur-
face-mounting housing for all housing
LSP2099-afpen.eps

widths. All cables can be connected with or


without ring lugs.
In the case of surface mounting on a panel,
the connection terminals are located above
and below in the form of screw-type termi-
nals. The communication interfaces are
located in a sloped case at the top and bot-
tom of the housing. Fig. 5/78 Rear view with screw terminals

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Protection functions

Time-overcurrent protection
(ANSI 50, 50N, 51, 51N)
This function is based on the phase-selec-
tive measurement of the three phase cur-
rents and the earth current (four trans-
formers). Two definite-time overcurrent
protection elements (DMT) exist both for
the phases and for the earth. The current
threshold and the delay time can be set
within a wide range. In addition, inverse-
time overcurrent protection characteristics
(IDMTL) can be activated.

5 Fig. 5/79 Fig. 5/80


Definite-time overcurrent protection Inverse-time overcurrent protection

Available inverse-time characteristics


Characteristics acc. to ANSI/IEEE IEC 60255-3
Inverse • •
Short inverse •
Long inverse • •
Moderately inverse •
Very inverse • •
Extremely inverse • •

Reset characteristics Inrush restraint


For easier time coordination with The relay features second harmonic re-
electromechanical relays, reset characte- straint. If the second harmonic is detected
ristics according to ANSI C37.112 and during transformer energization, pickup of
IEC 60255-3 /BS 142 standards are applied. non-directional and directional normal el-
When using the reset characteristic (disk ements are blocked.
emulation), a reset process is initiated after
the fault current has disappeared. This Cold load pickup
reset process corresponds to the reverse For directional and non-directional time-
movement of the Ferraris disk of an elec- overcurrent protection functions the initi-
tromechanical relay (thus: disk emulation). ation thresholds and tripping times can be
switched via binary inputs or by time con-
User-definable characteristics trol.
Instead of the predefined time characteris-
tics according to ANSI, tripping character-
istics can be defined by the user for phase
and earth units separately. Up to 20 cur-
rent/time value pairs may be programmed.
They are set as pairs of numbers or graphi-
cally in DIGSI 4.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Protection functions

Directional time-overcurrent protection


(ANSI 67, 67N)
Phase and earth directionality is performed
independently in the 7SJ62. The phase and
earth function parallel the non-directional
overcurrent element. Their response value
and delay times can be set separately. As an
option, inverse directional time-
overcurrent protection characteristics
(IDMTL) can be connected. The tripping
Fig. 5/81
characteristic can be rotated about ± 45 de-
Directional characteristic of
grees. the directional
time-overcurrent
The directional overcurrent-time protec- protection
tion maintains a voltage memory of two
cycles prior to the fault. By means of volt-
age memory, directionality can be deter-
mined reliably even for close-in (local) 5
faults. If the switching device closes onto a
fault and the voltage is too low to deter-
mine direction, directionality (directional
decision) is made with voltage from the
voltage memory. If no voltage exists in the
memory, tripping occurs according to the
coordination schedule.
For earth protection, users can choose
whether the direction is to be determined
via zero-sequence system or negative-se-
quence system quantities (selectable).
Using negative-sequence variables can be
advantageous in cases where the zero volt-
age tends to be very low due to unfavorable
zero-sequence impedances.
Fig. 5/82
Directional determination
Directional comparison protection using cosine measurements
(cross-coupling) for compensated networks
It is used for selective protection of sec-
tions fed from two sources with instanta-
neous tripping, i.e. without the For networks with an isolated neutral, the • Each element can be set in forward,
disadvantage of time coordination. The di- reactive current component is evaluated; reverse, or non-directional.
rectional comparison protection is suitable for compensated networks, the active cur- • The function can also be operated in the
if the distances between the protection sta- rent component or residual resistive cur- insensitive mode as an additional
tions are not significant and pilot wires are rent is evaluated. For special network short-circuit protection.
available for signal transmission. In addi- conditions, e.g. high-resistance earthed
tion to the directional comparison protec- networks with ohmic-capacitive earth-fault (Sensitive) earth-fault detection
tion, the directional coordinated time- current or low-resistance earthed networks (ANSI 50Ns, 51Ns / 50N, 51N)
overcurrent protection is used for with ohmic-inductive current, the tripping
complete selective backup protection. If characteristics can be rotated approxi- For high-resistance earthed networks, a
operated in a closed-circuit connection, an mately ± 45 degrees. sensitive input transformer is connected to
interruption of the transmission line is de- a phase-balance neutral current trans-
Two modes of earth-fault direction detec- former (also called core-balance CT).
tected.
tion can be implemented: tripping or in
“signalling only mode”. The earth-fault current is also calculated
(Sensitive) directional earth-fault detection from the phase currents so that the earth-
(ANSI 64, 67Ns, 67N) It has the following functions: fault protection operates correctly in the
For isolated-neutral and compensated net- • TRIP via the displacement voltage VE. event of current transformer saturation.
works, the direction of power flow in the The function can also be operated in the
zero sequence is calculated from the zero- • Two instantaneous elements or one insensitive mode as an additional short-
sequen- ce current I0 and zero-sequence instantaneous plus one user-defined circuit protection.
voltage V0. characteristic.

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/87


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Protection functions When the high-impedance measurement


principle is applied, all current transform-
Intermittent earth-fault protection ers in the protected area are connected in
parallel and operated on one common re-
Intermittent (re-striking) faults occur due sistor of relatively high R whose voltage is
to insulation weaknesses in cables or as a measured (see Fig. 5/83). In the case of
result of water penetrating cable joints. 7SJ6 units, the voltage is measured by de-
Such faults either simply cease at some tecting the current through the (external)
stage or develop into lasting short-circuits. resistor R at the sensitive current measure-
During intermittent activity, however, ment input IEE. The varistor V serves to
star-point resistors in networks that are limit the voltage in the event of an internal
impedance-earthed may undergo thermal fault. It cuts off the high momentary volt-
overloading. The normal earth-fault pro- age spikes occurring at transformer satura-
tection cannot reliably detect and interrupt tion. At the same time, this results in
the current pulses, some of which can be smoothing of the voltage without any
very brief. noteworthy reduction of the average value.
The selectivity required with intermittent If no faults have occurred and in the event
earth faults is achieved by summating the of external faults, the system is at equilib-
duration of the individual pulses and by rium, and the voltage through the resistor Fig. 5/83 High-impedance restricted earth-
5 triggering when a (settable) summed time is approximately zero. In the event of in- fault protection
is reached. The response threshold IIE> ternal faults, an imbalance occurs which
evaluates the r.m.s. value, referred to one leads to a voltage and a current flow
systems period. Thermal overload protection (ANSI 49)
through the resistor R.
For protecting cables and transformers,
Phase-balance current protection (ANSI 46) The current transformers must be of the an overload protection with an integrated
(Negative-sequence protection) same type and must at least offer a separate pre-warning element for temperature and
core for the high-impedance restricted current can be applied. The temperature is
In line protection, the two-element phase- earth-fault protection. They must in par-
balance current/negative-sequence protec- calculated using a thermal homogeneous-
ticular have the same transformation ratio body model (according to IEC 60255-8),
tion permits detection on the high side of and an approximately identical knee-point
high-resistance phase-to-phase faults and which takes account both of the energy en-
voltage. They should also demonstrate only tering the equipment and the energy losses.
phase-to-earth faults that are on the low minimal measuring errors.
side of a transformer (e.g. with the switch The calculated temperature is constantly ad-
group Dy 5). This provides backup protec- justed accordingly. Thus, account is taken of
Auto-reclosure (ANSI 79) the previous load and the load fluctuations.
tion for high-resistance faults beyond the
transformer. To detect the unbalanced Multiple reclosures can be defined by the
For thermal protection of motors (especially
load, the ratio negative-sequence cur- user and lockout will occur if a fault is
the stator) a further time constant can be set
rent/rated (nominal) current is evaluated. present after the last reclosures. The fol-
so that the thermal ratios can be detected
lowing functions are possible:
correctly while the motor is rotating and
Breaker failure protection (ANSI 50BF) • 3-pole ARC for all types of faults when it is stopped. The ambient tempera-
If a faulted portion of the electrical circuit • Separate settings for phase and earth faults ture or the temperature of the coolant can
is not disconnected upon issuance of a trip be detected serially via an external tempera-
command, another command can be initi- • Multiple ARC, one rapid auto-reclosure ture monitoring box (resistance-tempera-
ated using the breaker failure protection (RAR) and up to nine delayed ture detector box, also called RTD- box).
which operates the circuit-breaker, e.g. of auto-reclosures (DAR) The thermal replica of the overload function
an upstream (higher-level) protection re- • Starting of the ARC depends on the trip is automatically adapted to the ambient
lay. Breaker failure is detected if, after a command selection (e.g. 46, 50, 51, 67) conditions. If there is no RTD-box it is as-
trip command, current is still flowing in sumed that the ambient temperatures are
• Blocking option of the ARC via binary constant.
the faulted circuit. As an option, it is possi-
inputs
ble to make use of the circuit-breaker posi-
tion indication. • ARC can be initiated externally or via CFC Settable dropout delay times
• The directional and non-directional ele- If the devices are used in parallel with elec-
High-impedance restricted earth-fault pro- ments can either be blocked or operated tromechanical relays in networks with inter-
tection (ANSI 87N) non-delayed depending on the auto- mittent faults, the long dropout times of the
The high-impedance measurement princi- reclosure cycle electromechanical devices (several hundred
ple is an uncomplicated and sensitive milliseconds) can lead to problems in terms
• Dynamic setting of the directional and of time grading. Clean time grading is only
method for detecting earth faults, espe-
non-directional elements can be activated possible if the dropout time is approxi-
cially on transformers. It can also be ap-
depending on the ready AR mately the same. This is why the parameter
plied to motors, generators and reactors
when these are operated on an earthed net- of dropout times can be defined for certain
work. functions such as time-overcurrent protec-
tion, earth short-circuit and phase-balance
current protection.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Protection functions

n Motor protection
Restart inhibit (ANSI 66/86)
If a motor is started up too many times in
succession, the rotor can be subject to ther-
mal overload, especially the upper edges of
the bars. The rotor temperature is calcu-
lated from the stator current. The reclosing
lockout only permits start-up of the motor
if the rotor has sufficient thermal reserves
for a complete start-up (see Fig. 5/84).

Emergency start-up
This function disables the reclosing lock-
out via a binary input by storing the state
of the thermal replica as long as the binary
input is active. It is also possible to reset 5
the thermal replica to zero.
Fig. 5/84
Temperature monitoring (ANSI 38)
Up to two temperature monitoring boxes If the trip time is rated according to the Undervoltage protection (ANSI 27)
with a total of 12 measuring sensors can be above formula, even a prolonged start-up
used for temperature monitoring and de- The two-element undervoltage protection
and reduced voltage (and reduced start-up provides protection against dangerous
tection by the protection relay. The ther- current) will be evaluated correctly.
mal status of motors, generators and voltage drops (especially for electric ma-
transformers can be monitored with this A binary signal is set by a speed sensor to chines). Applications include the isolation
device. Additionally, the temperature of detect a blocked rotor. An instantaneous of generators or motors from the network
the bearings of rotating machines are mon- tripping is effected. The tripping time is in- to avoid undesired operating states and a
itored for limit value violation. The tem- verse (current dependent). possible loss of stability. Proper operating
peratures are being measured with the help conditions of electrical machines are best
of temperature detectors at various loca- Phase-balance current protection (ANSI 46) evaluated with the positive-sequence quan-
tions of the device to be protected. This (Negative-sequence protection) tities. The protection function is active
data is transmitted to the protection relay over a wide frequency range (45 to 55, 55
The negative-sequence / phase-balance
via one or two temperature monitoring to 65 Hz)1). Even when falling below this
current protection detects a phase failure
boxes (see “Accessories”, page 5/113). frequency range the function continues to
or load unbalance due to network asym-
work, however, with a greater tolerance
metry and protects the rotor from imper-
Starting time supervision (ANSI 48/14) band.
missible temperature rise. To detect the
Starting time supervision protects the mo- unbalanced load, the ratio of negative-se- The function can operate either with the
tor against long unwanted start-ups that quence current to rated current is evalu- positive phase-sequence system voltage
might occur in the event of excessive load ated. (default) or with the phase-to-phase volt-
torque or excessive voltage drops within ages, and can be monitored with a current
the motor, or if the rotor is locked. Rotor Undercurrent monitoring (ANSI 37) criterion. Three-phase and single-phase
temperature is calculated from measured With this function, a sudden drop in cur- connections are possible.
stator current. The tripping time is calcu- rent, which can occur due to a reduced
lated according to the following equation: motor load, is detected. This can cause Frequency protection (ANSI 81O/U)

for I > IMOTOR START shaft breakage, no-load operation of Frequency protection can be used for over-
pumps or fan failure. frequency and underfrequency protection.
2

t =  A  ⋅ TA
I Electric machines and parts of the system
 I  n Voltage protection are protected from unwanted speed devia-
I = Actual current flowing Overvoltage protection (ANSI 59) tions. Unwanted frequency changes in the
IMOTOR START = Pickup current to detect a motor network can be detected and the load can
start The two-element overvoltage protection be removed at a specified frequency set-
t = Tripping time
detects unwanted network and machine ting.
overvoltage conditions. The function can
IA = Rated motor starting current
operate either with phase-to-phase voltage
TA = Tripping time at rated motor
(default) or with the negative phase-se-
starting current
quence system voltage. Three-phase and
single-phase connections are possible.
1) The 45 to 55, 55 to 65 Hz range is available
for fN = 50/60 Hz.

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/89


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Customized functions (ANSI 32, 51V, 55, etc.)


Protection functions/Functions
Additional functions, which are not time
Frequency protection can be used over a critical, can be implemented via the CFC
wide frequency range (45 to 55, 55 to using measured values. Typical functions
65 Hz)1). There are four elements include reverse power, voltage controlled
(selectable as overfrequency or overcurrent, phase angle detection, and
underfrequency) and each element can be zero-sequence voltage detection.
delayed separately. Blocking of the fre-
quency protection can be performed if us- Commissioning
ing a binary input or by using an Commissioning could hardly be easier and
undervoltage element. is fully supported by DIGSI 4. The status of
the binary inputs can be read individually
Fault locator (ANSI 21FL) and the state of the binary outputs can be
The fault locator specifies the distance to a set individually. The operation of switch-
fault location in kilometers or miles or the ing elements (circuit-breakers, disconnect
reactance of a second fault operation. devices) can be checked using the switch-
ing functions of the bay controller. The an-
Circuit-breaker wear monitoring alog measured values are represented as
5 Methods for determining circuit-breaker wide-ranging operational measured values.
contact wear or the remaining service life To prevent transmission of information to
of a circuit-breaker (CB) allow CB mainte- the control center during maintenance, the Fig. 5/85 CB switching cycle diagram
nance intervals to be aligned to their actual bay controller communications can be dis-
degree of wear. The benefit lies in reduced abled to prevent unnecessary data from be-
ing transmitted. During commissioning, all Switching authority
maintenance costs.
indications with test marking for test pur- Switching authority is determined accord-
There is no mathematically exact method poses can be connected to a control and ing to parameters, communication or by
of calculating the wear or the remaining protection system. key-operated switch (when available).
service life of circuit-breakers that takes If a source is set to “LOCAL”, only local
into account the arc-chamber's physical n Control and automatic functions switching operations are possible. The fol-
conditions when the CB opens. This is why lowing sequence of switching authority is
various methods of determining CB wear Control
laid down: “LOCAL”; DIGSI PC program,
have evolved which reflect the different op- In addition to the protection functions, the “REMOTE”.
erator philosophies. To do justice to these, SIPROTEC 4 units also support all control
the devices offer several methods: and monitoring functions that are required Every switching operation and change of
for operating medium-voltage or high- breaker position is kept in the status indi-
• I
voltage substations. cation memory. The switch command
• Σ I x, with x = 1... 3 source, switching device, cause (i.e. spon-
The main application is reliable control of taneous change or command) and result of
The devices additionally offer a new switching and other processes.
method for determining the remaining ser- a switching operation are retained.
vice life: The status of primary equipment or auxil-
Command processing
• Two-point method iary devices can be obtained from auxiliary
contacts and communicated to the 7SJ62 All the functionality of command process-
The CB manufacturers double-logarithmic via binary inputs. Therefore it is possible to ing is offered. This includes the processing
switching cycle diagram (see Fig. 5/85) and detect and indicate both the OPEN and of single and double commands with or
the breaking current at the time of contact CLOSED position or a fault or intermedi- without feedback, sophisticated monitor-
opening serve as the basis for this method. ate circuit-breaker or auxiliary contact po- ing of the control hardware and software,
After CB opening, the two-point method sition. checking of the external process, control
calculates the number of still possible
The switchgear or circuit-breaker can be actions using functions such as runtime
switching cycles. To this end, the two
controlled via: monitoring and automatic command ter-
points P1 and P2 only have to be set on the
mination after output. Here are some typi-
device. These are specified in the CB's tech- – integrated operator panel
cal applications:
nical data. – binary inputs
– substation control and protection system • Single and double commands using 1,
All of these methods are phase-selective
– DIGSI 4 1 plus 1 common or 2 trip contacts
and a limit value can be set in order to ob-
tain an alarm if the actual value falls below • User-definable bay interlocks
Automation / user-defined logic
or exceeds the limit value during determi-
With integrated logic, the user can set, via a • Operating sequences combining several
nation of the remaining service life.
graphic interface (CFC), specific functions switching operations such as control of
for the automation of switchgear or substa- circuit-breakers, disconnectors and
tion. Functions are activated via function earthing switches
keys, binary input or via communication • Triggering of switching operations, indi-
1) The 45 to 55, 55 to 65 Hz range is interface. cations or alarm by combination with
available for fN= 50/60 Hz existing information

5/90 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Functions Switchgear cubicles for


high/medium voltage
Assignment of feedback to command All units are designed specifically to meet
The positions of the circuit-breaker or the requirements of high/medium-voltage
switching devices and transformer taps are applications.
acquired by feedback. These indication in- In general, no separate measuring instru-
puts are logically assigned to the corre- ments (e.g., for current, voltage, frequency,
sponding command outputs. The unit can …) or additional control components are
therefore distinguish whether the indica- necessary.
tion change is a consequence of switching
operation or whether it is a spontaneous Measured values
change of state (intermediate position).
The r.m.s. values are calculated from the
acquired current and voltage along with
Chatter disable
the power factor, frequency, active and
Chatter disable feature evaluates whether, reactive power. The following functions
in a configured period of time, the number are available for measured value process-
of status changes of indication input ex- ing:
ceeds a specified figure. If exceeded, the in-
dication input is blocked for a certain • Currents IL1, IL2, IL3, IE, IEE (67Ns) 5

LSP2077f.eps
period, so that the event list will not record • Voltages VL1, VL2, VL3, VL1L2, VL2L3, VL3L1
excessive operations.
• Symmetrical components
I1, I2, 3I0; V1, V2, V0
Filter time
• Power Watts, Vars, VA/P, Q, S
All binary indications can be subjected to a
(P, Q: total and phase selective)
filter time (indication suppression).
• Power factor (cos ϕ),
Indication filtering and delay (total and phase selective)
Indications can be filtered or delayed. • Frequency
Filtering serves to suppress brief changes in • Energy ± kWh, ± kVarh, forward and Fig. 5/86
potential at the indication input. The indi- reverse power flow NXAIR panel (air-insulated)
cation is passed on only if the indication • Mean as well as minimum and maximum
voltage is still present after a set period of current and voltage values
time. In the event of indication delay, there
is a wait for a preset time. The information • Operating hours counter
is passed on only if the indication voltage is • Mean operating temperature of overload
still present after this time. function
• Limit value monitoring
Indication derivation
Limit values are monitored using pro-
A further indication (or a command) can grammable logic in the CFC. Commands
be derived from an existing indication. can be derived from this limit value indi-
Group indications can also be formed. The cation.
volume of information to the system inter-
• Zero suppression
face can thus be reduced and restricted to
In a certain range of very low measured
the most important signals.
values, the value is set to zero to suppress
Transmission lockout interference.

A data transmission lockout can be acti- Metered values


vated, so as to prevent transfer of informa-
For internal metering, the unit can calcu-
tion to the control center during work on a
late an energy metered value from the
circuit bay.
measured current and voltage values. If an
Test operation external meter with a metering pulse out-
put is available, the SIPROTEC 4 unit can
During commissioning, all indications can obtain and process metering pulses via an
be passed to an automatic control system indication input.
for test purposes.
The metered values can be displayed and
passed on to a control center as an accu-
mulation with reset. A distinction is made
between forward, reverse, active and reac-
tive energy.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

System interface protocols (retrofittable)


Communication
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol
In terms of communication, the units offer The IEC 60870-5-103 protocol is an inter-
substantial flexibility in the context of con- national standard for the transmission of
nection to industrial and power automa- protective data and fault recordings. All
tion standards. Communication can be messages from the unit and also control
extended or added on thanks to modules commands can be transferred by means of
for retrofitting on which the common pro- published, Siemens-specific extensions to
tocols run. Therefore, also in the future it the protocol.
will be possible to optimally integrate units
into the changing communication infra- IEC 61850 protocol2)
structure, for example in Ethernet net-
works (which will also be used increasingly As of mid-2004, the Ethernet-based
in the power supply sector in the years to IEC 61850 protocol will be the worldwide
come). standard for protection and control sys-
tems used by power supply corporations.
Serial front interface Siemens will be one of the first manufac- Fig. 5/87
turers to support this standard. By means
There is a serial RS232 interface on the of this protocol, information can also be
5 front of all the units. All of the unit’s func- exchanged directly between bay units so as
tions can be set on a PC by means of the to set up simple masterless systems for bay
DIGSI 4 protection operation program. and system interlocking. Access to the
Commissioning tools and fault analysis are units via the Ethernet bus will also be pos-
also built into the program and are avail- sible with DIGSI.
able through this interface.
PROFIBUS-FMS
Rear-mounted interfaces1)
PROFIBUS-FMS is an internationally stan-
A number of communication modules dardized communication system
suitable for various applications can be fit- (EN 50170) for efficient performance of
ted in the rear of the flush-mounting hous- communication tasks in the bay area.
ing. In the flush-mounting housing, the SIPROTEC 4 units use a profile specially
modules can be easily replaced by the user. optimized for protection and control re-
The interface modules support the follow- quirements. DIGSI can also work on the
ing applications: basis of PROFIBUS-FMS. The units are
• Time synchronization interface linked to a SICAM automation system.
All units feature a permanently integrated
electrical time synchronization interface. PROFIBUS-DP protocol
It can be used to feed timing telegrams in PROFIBUS-DP is the most widespread
Fig. 5/88
IRIG-B or DCF77 format into the units protocol in industrial automation. Via PROFIBUS: Fiber-optic double ring circuit
via time synchronization receivers. PROFIBUS-DP, SIPROTEC units make
• System interface their information available to a SIMATIC
Communication with a central control controller or, in the control direction, re-
system takes place through this interface. ceive commands from a central SIMATIC.
Radial or ring type station bus topologies Measured values can also be transferred.
can be configured depending on the cho-
sen interface. Furthermore, the units can MODBUS RTU protocol
exchange data through this interface via This uncomplicated, serial protocol is
Ethernet and IEC 61850 protocol and can mainly used in industry and by power sup-
also be operated by DIGSI. ply corporations, and is supported by a
• Service interface number of unit manufacturers. SIPROTEC
The service interface was conceived for re- units function as MODBUS slaves, making
mote access to a number of protection their information available to a master or
units via DIGSI. On all units, it can be an receiving information from it. A time-
electrical RS232/RS85 interface and on stamped event list is available.
some units it can be an optical interface.
For special applications, on some units a
maximum of two temperature monitor-
ing boxes (RTD-box) can be connected to
this interface as an alternative.

1) For units in panel surface-mounting housings Fig. 5/89


please refer to note on page 5/112. Bus structure for station bus with Ethernet and
2) Version V4.51 and newer. IEC 61850

5/92 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Communication

DNP 3.0 protocol


Power supply corporations overseas use
the serial DNP 3.0 (Distributed Network
Protocol) for the station and network con-
trol levels. SIPROTEC units function as
DNP slaves, supplying their information to
a master system or receiving information
from it.

System solutions for protection and station


control
Together with the SICAM power automa-
tion system, SIPROTEC 4 can be used with
PROFIBUS-FMS. Over the low-cost elec-
trical RS485 bus, or interference-free via
the optical double ring, the units exchange
information with the control system. 5
Units featuring IEC 60870-5-103 interfaces
can be connected to SICAM in parallel via
the RS485 bus or radially by fiber-optic
link. Through this interface, the system is
open for the connection of units of other
Fig. 5/90
manufacturers (see Fig. 5/87). System solution/communication
Because of the standardized interfaces,
SIPROTEC units can also be integrated
into systems of other manufacturers or in
SIMATIC. Electrical RS485 or optical in-
terfaces are available. The optimum physi-
cal data transfer medium can be chosen
thanks to opto-electrical converters. Thus,
LSP2491.eps

the RS485 bus allows low-cost wiring in


the cubicles and an interference-free opti-
cal connection to the master can be estab-
lished.
For IEC 61850, an interoperable system so-
lution is offered with SICAM PAS. Via the
100 Mbits/s Ethernet bus, the units are
Fig. 5/91
linked with PAS electrically or optically to Communication module Ethernet,
the station PC. The interface is standard- electrical, double
ized, thus also enabling direct connection
of units of other manufacturers to the
Ethernet bus. With IEC 61850, however,
the units can also be used in other manu-
facturers’ systems (see Fig. 5/89).

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Typical connections

n Connection of current
and voltage transformers
Standard connection
For earthed networks, the earth current is
obtained from the phase currents by the
residual current circuit.

Fig. 5/92
Residual current
circuit without direc-
tional element
5

Fig. 5/93
Sensitive earth-
current detection
without directional
element

Fig. 5/94
Residual current
circuit with direc-
tional element

5/94 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Typical connections

Connection for compensated networks


The figure shows the connection of two
phase-to-earth voltages and the VE voltage
of the open delta winding and a phase-
balance neutral current transformer for the
earth current. This connection maintains
maximum precision for directional earth-
fault detection and must be used in com-
pensated networks.
Fig. 5/95 shows sensitive directional
earth-fault detection.

Fig. 5/95
Sensitive directional
earth-fault detection
with directional
element for phases
5

Fig. 5/96
Sensitive directional
earth-fault detection

Connection for isolated-neutral


or compensated networks only
If directional earth-fault protection is not
used, the connection can be made with
only two phase current transformers. Di-
rectional phase short-circuit protection
can be achieved by using only two primary
transformers.

Fig. 5/97
Isolated-neutral or
compensated
networks

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/95


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Typical applications

Overview of connection types


Type of network Function Current connection Voltage connection
(Low-resistance) earthed network Time-overcurrent protection Residual circuit, with 3 phase-current -
phase/earth non-directional transformers required, phase-balance
neutral current transformer possible
(Low-resistance) earthed networks Sensitive earth-fault protection Phase-balance neutral current -
transformers required
Isolated or compensated networks Time-overcurrent protection Residual circuit, with 3 or 2 phase -
phases non-directional current transformers possible
(Low-resistance) earthed networks Time-overcurrent protection Residual circuit, with 3 phase-current Phase-to-earth connection or
phases directional transformers possible phase-to-phase connection
Isolated or compensated networks Time-overcurrent protection Residual circuit, with 3 or 2 phase- Phase-to-earth connection or
transformers possible phases directional current transformers possible phase-to-phase connection
(Low-resistance) earthed networks Time-overcurrent protection Residual circuit, with 3 phase-current Phase-to-earth connection required
earth directional transformers required, phase-balance
5 neutral current transformers possible
Isolated networks Sensitive earth-fault Residual circuit, if earth current 3 times phase-to-earth connection or
protection sin ϕ measurement > 0.05 IN on secondary side, other- phase-to-earth connection with open
wise phase-balance neutral current delta winding
transformers required
Compensated networks Earth-fault protection Phase-balance neutral current Phase-to-earth connection with open
cos ϕ measurement transformers required delta winding required

n Connection of circuit-breaker
Undervoltage releases
Undervoltage releases are used for auto-
matic tripping of high-voltage motors.
Example:
DC supply voltage of control system fails
and manual electric tripping is no longer
possible.
Automatic tripping takes place when volt-
age across the coil drops below the trip
limit. In Fig. 5/98, tripping occurs due to
failure of DC supply voltage, by automatic
opening of the live status contact upon
failure of the protection unit or by
short-circuiting the trip coil in event of
network fault.
Fig. 5/98 Undervoltage release with make contact (50, 51)

5/96 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Typical applications

In Fig. 5/99 tripping is by failure of auxil-


iary voltage and by interruption of tripping
circuit in the event of network failure.
Upon failure of the protection unit, the
tripping circuit is also interrupted, since
contact held by internal logic drops back
into open position.

Trip circuit supervision (ANSI 74TC)


One or two binary inputs can be used for
monitoring the circuit-breaker trip coil in-
cluding its incoming cables. An alarm sig-
nal occurs whenever the circuit is
interrupted.

Lockout (ANSI 86)


All binary outputs can be stored like LEDs Fig. 5/99 Undervoltage trip with locking contact (trip signal 50 is inverted)
5
and reset using the LED reset key. The
lockout state is also stored in the event of
supply voltage failure. Reclosure can only
occur after the lockout state is reset.

Fig. 5/100 Trip circuit supervision with 2 binary inputs

Fig. 5/101 Trip circuit supervision with 1 binary input

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/97


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

General unit data Binary outputs/command outputs


Measuring circuits Type 7SJ621 7SJ622
System frequency 50 / 60 Hz (settable) Command/indication relay 8 6
Current transformer Contacts per command/ 1 NO / form A
Rated current Inom 1 or 5 A (settable) indication relay (Two contacts changeable to NC/form
B, via jumpers)
Option: sensitive earth-fault CT IEE < 1.6 A
Live status contact 1 NO / NC (jumper) / form A/B
Power consumption
at Inom = 1 A Approx. 0.05 VA per phase Switching capacity
at Inom = 5 A Approx. 0.3 VA per phase Make 1000 W / VA
for sensitive earth-fault CT at 1 A Approx. 0.05 VA Break 30 W / VA / 40 W resistive /
Overload capability 25 W at L/R ≤ 50 ms
Thermal (effective) 100 x Inom for 1 s Switching voltage ≤ 250 V DC
30 x Inom for 10 s Permissible current 5 A continuous,
4 x Inom continuous 30 A for 0.5 s making current,
Dynamic (impulse current) 250 x Inom (half cycle) 2000 switching cycles
Overload capability if equipped with
5 sensitive earth-fault CT
Thermal (effective) 300 A for 1 s Electrical tests
100 A for 10 s Specification
15 A continuous
Standards IEC 60255
Dynamic (impulse current) 750 A (half cycle)
ANSI C37.90, C37.90.1, C37.90.2,
Voltage transformer UL508
Rated voltage Vnom 100 V to 225 V Insulation tests
Power consumption at Vnom = 100 V < 0.3 VA per phase Standards IEC 60255-5; ANSI/IEEE C37.90.0
Overload capability in voltage path Voltage test (100 % test) 2.5 kV (r.m.s. value), 50/60 Hz
(phase-neutral voltage) all circuits except for auxiliary
Thermal (effective) 230 V continuous voltage and RS485/RS232 and
Auxiliary voltage time synchronization
Rated auxiliary DC 24/48 V 60/125 V 110/250 V Auxiliary voltage 3.5 kV DC
voltage Vaux AC 115/230 V Communication ports 500 V AC
Permissible tolerance DC 19–58 V 48–150 V 88–300 V and time synchronization
AC 92-138 V 184–265 V Impulse voltage test (type test) 5 kV (peak value); 1.2/50 µs; 0.5 J
Ripple voltage, ≤ 12 % all circuits, except communication 3 positive and 3 negative impulses
peak-to-peak ports and time synchronization, at intervals of 5 s
class III
Power consumption
Quiescent Approx. 3–4 W EMC tests for interference immunity; type tests
Energized Approx. 7–9 W Standards IEC 60255-6; IEC 60255-22
Backup time during ≥ 50 ms at V ≥ 110 V DC (product standard)
loss/short circuit of ≥ 20 ms at V ≥ 24 V DC EN 50082-2 (generic specification)
auxiliary voltage ≥ 200 ms at 115 V/230 V AC DIN 57435 Part 303
Binary inputs/indication inputs High-frequency test 2.5 kV (peak value); 1 MHz; τ =15 ms;
IEC 60255-22-1, class III 400 surges per s; test duration 2 s
Type 7SJ621 7SJ622 and VDE 0435 Part 303, class III
Number 8 11 Electrostatic discharge 8 kV contact discharge;
Voltage range 24–250 V DC IEC 60255-22-2 class IV 15 kV air gap discharge;
Pickup threshold modifiable by plug-in jumpers and EN 61000-4-2, class IV both polarities; 150 pF; Ri = 330 Ω

Pickup threshold 19 V DC 88 V DC Irradiation with radio-frequency 10 V/m; 27 to 500 MHz


field, non-modulated
For rated control voltage 24/48/60/ 110/125/ IEC 60255-22-3 (Report) class III
110/125 V 220/250 V DC
Irradiation with radio-frequency 10 V/m, 80 to 1000 MHz;
Response time/drop-out Approx. 3.5 field, amplitude-modulated AM 80 %; 1 kHz
time IEC 61000-4-3; class III
Power consumption 1.8 mA (independent of operating voltage) Irradiation with radio-frequency 10 V/m, 900 MHz; repetition
energized field, pulse-modulated rate 200 Hz, on duration 50 %
IEC 61000-4-3/ENV 50204; class III
Fast transient interference/burst 4 kV; 5/50 ns; 5 kHz;
IEC 60255-22-4 and IEC 61000-4-4, burst length = 15 ms;
class IV repetition rate 300 ms; both polarities;
Ri = 50 Ω; test duration 1 min

5/98 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

High-energy surge voltages During transportation


(Surge) Standards IEC 60255-21 and IEC 60068-2
IEC 61000-4-5; class III
Auxiliary voltage From circuit to circuit: 2 kV; 12 Ω; 9 µF Vibration Sinusoidal
across contacts: 1 kV; 2 Ω ;18 µF IEC 60255-21-1, class 2 5 to 8 Hz: ± 7.5 mm amplitude;
IEC 60068-2-6 8 to 150 Hz; 2 g acceleration,
Binary inputs/outputs From circuit to circuit: 2 kV; 42 Ω; 0.5 µF frequency sweep 1 octave/min
across contacts: 1 kV; 42 Ω; 0.5 µF 20 cycles in 3 perpendicular axes
Line-conducted HF, 10 V; 150 kHz to 80 MHz; Shock Semi-sinusoidal
amplitude-modulated AM 80 %; 1 kHz IEC 60255-21-2, Class 1 Acceleration 15 g, duration 11 ms
IEC 61000-4-6, class III IEC 60068-2-27 3 shocks in both directions of 3 axes
Power frequency magnetic field 30 A/m; 50 Hz, continuous Continuous shock Semi-sinusoidal
IEC 61000-4-8, class IV 300 A/m; 50 Hz, 3 s IEC 60255-21-2, class 1 Acceleration 10 g, duration 16 ms
IEC 60255-6 0.5 mT, 50 Hz IEC 60068-2-29 1000 shocks in both directions
Oscillatory surge withstand 2.5 to 3 kV (peak value), 1 to 1.5 MHz of 3 axes
capability damped wave; 50 surges per s;
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1 duration 2 s, Ri = 150 to 200 Ω
Climatic stress tests
Fast transient surge withstand 4 to 5 kV; 10/150 ns; 50 surges per s
capability ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1 both polarities; duration 2 s, Ri = 80 Ω Temperatures
1) Type-tested acc. to IEC 60068-2-1 -25 °C to +85 °C /-13 °F to +185 °F
5
Radiated electromagnetic 35 V/m ; 25 to 1000 MHz;
interference amplitude and pulse-modulated and -2, test Bd, for 16 h
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.2 Temporarily permissible operating -20 °C to +70 °C /-4 °F to -158 °F
Damped wave 2.5 kV (peak value, polarity temperature, tested for 96 h
IEC 60694 / IEC 61000-4-12 alternating) Recommended permanent operat- -5 °C to +55 °C /+25 °F to +131 °F
100 kHz, 1 MHz, 10 and 50 MHz, ing temperature acc. to IEC 60255-6
Ri = 200 Ω (Legibility of display may be im-
EMC tests for interference emission; type tests paired above +55 °C /+131 °F)
– Limiting temperature during -25 °C to +55 °C /-13 °F to +131 °F
Standard EN 50081-* (generic specification) permanent storage
Conducted interferences 150 kHz to 30 MHz – Limiting temperature during -25 °C to +70 °C /-13 °F to +158 °F
only auxiliary voltage IEC/CISPR Limit class B transport
22 Humidity
Radio interference field strength 30 to 1000 MHz Permissible humidity Annual average 75 % relative humid-
IEC/CISPR 11 Limit class B It is recommended to arrange the ity; on 56 days a year up to 95 % rela-
Units with a detached operator units in such a way that they are not tive humidity; condensation not
panel must be installed in a metal exposed to direct sunlight or permissible!
cubicle to maintain limit class B pronounced temperature changes
that could cause condensation.

Mechanical stress tests Unit design

Vibration, shock stress and seismic vibration Housing 7XP20

During operation Dimensions See dimension drawings, part 16

Standards IEC 60255-21 and IEC 60068-2 Weight


Surface-mounting housing 4.5 kg
Vibration Sinusoidal Flush-mounting housing 4.0 kg
IEC 60255-21-1, class 2 10 to 60 Hz; +/- 0.075 mm amplitude;
IEC 60068-2-6 60 to 150 Hz; 1 g acceleration Degree of protection
frequency sweep 1 octave/min acc. to EN 60529
20 cycles in 3 perpendicular axes Surface-mounting housing IP 51
Flush-mounting housing Front: IP 51, rear: IP 20;
Shock Semi-sinusoidal Operator safety IP 2x with cover
IEC 60255-21-2, class 1 Acceleration 5 g, duration 11 ms;
IEC 60068-2-27 3 shocks in both directions of 3 axes
Seismic vibration Sinusoidal
IEC 60255-21-3, class 1 1 to 8 Hz: ± 3.5 mm amplitude
IEC 60068-3-3 (horizontal axis)
1 to 8 Hz: ± 1.5 mm amplitude
(vertical axis)
8 to 35 Hz: 1 g acceleration
(horizontal axis)
8 to 35 Hz: 0.5 g acceleration
(vertical axis)
Frequency sweep 1 octave/min
1 cycle in 3 perpendicular axes

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/99


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Serial interfaces IEC 61850 protocol


Operating interface (front of unit) Isolated interface for data transfer: Port B, 100 Base T acc. to IEEE802.3
Connection Non-isolated, RS232; front panel, - to a control center
9-pin subminiature connector - with DIGSI
- between SIPROTEC 4 relays
Transmission rate min. 4800 baud, max. 38400 baud
Transmission rate 100 Mbit
Service/modem interface (rear of unit)
RS485
Isolated interface for data transfer Port C: DIGSI 4/modem/RTD-box
Connection Two RJ45 connectors
Transmission rate Setting as supplied 38400 baud
For flush-mounting housing/ mounting location "B"
min. 4800 baud, max. 38400 baud
surface-mounting housing with
RS232/RS485 detached operator panel
Connection Distance Max. 20 m / 65.6 ft
For flush-mounting housing/ 9-pin subminiature connector, Test voltage 500 V AC against earth
surface-mounting housing with mounting location “C”
detached operator panel PROFIBUS-FMS/DP
For surface-mounting housing At the bottom part of the housing: Isolated interface for data transfer Port B
with two-tier terminal at the shielded data cable to a control center
5 top/bottom part Transmission rate Up to 1.5 Mbaud
Distance RS232 15 m /49.2 ft
RS485
Distance RS485 Max. 1 km/3300 ft
Connection
Test voltage 500 V AC against earth
For flush-mounting housing/ 9-pin subminiature connector,
System interface (rear of unit) surface-mounting housing with mounting location “B”
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol detached operator panel
For surface-mounting housing At the bottom part of the housing:
Isolated interface for data transfer Port B with two-tier terminal on the shielded data cable
to a control center top/bottom part
Transmission rate Setting as supplied: 38400 baud, Distance 1000 m/3300 ft ≤ 93.75 kbaud;
min. 4800 baud, max. 38400 baud 500 m/1500 ft ≤ 187.5 kbaud;
200 m/600 ft ≤ 1.5 Mbaud
RS232/RS485
100 m/300 ft ≤ 12 Mbaud
Connection Test voltage 500 V AC against earth
For flush-mounting housing/ Mounting location “B” Fiber optic
surface-mounting housing with
detached operator panel Connection fiber-optic cable Integr. ST connector for FO connec-
For surface-mounting housing At the bottom part of the housing: For flush-mounting housing/ tion
with two-tier terminal on the shielded data cable surface-mounting housing with Mounting location “B”
top/bottom part detached operator panel
Distance RS232 Max. 15 m/49 ft For surface-mounting housing At the bottom part of the housing
Distance RS485 Max. 1 km/3300 ft with two-tier terminal on the Important: Please refer to footnotes
1)
Test voltage 500 V AC against earth top/bottom part and 2) on page 5/112
Fiber optic Optical wavelength 820 nm
Permissible path attenuation Max. 8 dB, for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm
Connection fiber-optic cable Integrated ST connector for fi- Distance 500 kB/s 1.6 km/0.99 miles
ber-optic connection 1500 kB/s 530 m/0.33 miles
For flush-mounting housing/ Mounting location “B”
surface-mounting housing with MODBUS RTU, ASCII, DNP 3.0
detached operator panel Isolated interface for data transfer Port B
For surface-mounting housing At the bottom part of the housing to a control center
with two-tier terminal on the Transmission rate Up to 19200 baud
top/bottom part
RS485
Optical wavelength 820 nm
Permissible path attenuation Max. 8 dB, for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm Connection
For flush-mounting housing/ 9-pin subminiature connector,
Distance Max. 1.5 km/0.9 miles
surface-mounting housing with mounting location “B”
detached operator panel
For surface-mounting housing At bottom part of the housing:
with two-tier terminal at the shielded data cable
top/bottom part
Test voltage 500 V AC against earth

5/100 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Fiber-optic Trip characteristics


IEC Normal inverse, very inverse,
Connection fiber-optic cable Integrated ST connector for fiber-optic extremely inverse, long inverse
connection ANSI Inverse, short inverse, long inverse
For flush-mounting housing/ Mounting location “B” moderately inverse, very inverse,
surface-mounting housing with extremely inverse, definite inverse
detached operator panel
User-defined characteristic Defined by a maximum of 20 value
For surface-mounting housing At the bottom part of the housing pairs of current and time delay
with two-tier terminal at the Important: Please refer to footnotes
top/bottom part 1)
and 2) on page 5/112 Dropout setting
Without disk emulation Approx. 1.05 · setting value Ip for
Optical wavelength 820 nm Ip/Inom ≥ 0.3, corresponds to approx.
Permissible path attenuation Max 8 dB. for glass fiber 62.5/125 µm 0.95 · pickup threshold
Distance Max. 1.5 km/0.9 miles With disk emulation Approx. 0.90 · setting value Ip

Time synchronization DCF77/IRIG-B signal (Format IRIG-B000) Tolerances


Pickup/dropout thresholds Ip, IEp 2 % of setting value or 50 mA1)
Connection 9-pin subminiature connector Pickup time for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 5 % of reference (calculated) value
(SUB-D) + 2 % current tolerance, respectively
(terminal with surface-mounting 30 ms
housing) Dropout ratio for 0.05 ≤ I/Ip 5 % of reference (calculated) value 5
Voltage levels 5 V, 12 V or 24 V (optional) ≤ 0.9 + 2 % current tolerance, respectively
30 ms
Direction detection
Functions
For phase faults
Definite-time overcurrent protection, directional/non-directional
(ANSI 50, 50N, 67, 67N) Polarization With cross-polarized voltages;
Operating mode non-directional 3-phase (standard) or 2-phase With voltage memory (memory dura-
phase protection (ANSI 50) (L1 and L3) tion is 2 cycles) for measurement volt-
ages that are too low
Setting ranges
Forward range Inductive: angle 45 ° ± 86 °
Pickup phase elements I>, I>> 0.5 to 175 A or ∞1) (in steps of 0.01 A) Resistive: angle 0 ° ± 86 °
Pickup earth elements IE>, IE>> 0.25 to 175 A or ∞1) (in steps of 0.01 A) Capacitive: angle -45 ° ± 86 °
Delay times T 0 to 60 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Direction sensitivity For one and two-phase faults unlim-
Dropout delay time TDO 0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s) ited;
Times For three-phase faults dynamically
Pickup times (without inrush unlimited;
restraint, with inrush restraint Steady-state approx. 7 V
+ 10 ms) phase-to-phase
Non-directional Directional For earth faults
With twice the setting value Approx. 30 ms 45 ms
With five times the setting value Approx. 20 ms 40 ms Polarization With zero-sequence quantities 3V0, 3I0
or with negative-sequence quantities
Dropout times Approx. 40 ms 3V2, 3I2
Dropout ratio Approx. 0.95 for Forward range Inductive: angle 45 ° ± 84 °
I/Inom ≥ 0.3 Resistive: angle 0 ° ± 84 °
Tolerances Capacitive: angle -45 ° ± 84 °
Pickup 2 % of setting value or 50 mA1) Direction sensitivity
Delay times T, TDO 1 % or 10 ms Zero-sequence quantities 3V0, 3I0 VE ≈ 2.5 V displacement voltage,
Inverse-time overcurrent protection, directional/non-directional measured;
(ANSI 51, 51N, 67, 67N) 3V0 ≈ 5 V displacement voltage,
Operating mode non-directional 3-phase (standard) or 2-phase calculated
phase protection (ANSI 51) (L1 and L3) Negative -sequence quantities 3V2 ≈ 5 V negative-sequence voltage;
3V2, 3I2 3I2 ≈ 225 mA negative-sequence cur-
Setting ranges rent1)
Pickup phase element IP 0.5 to 20 A or ∞ 1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Pickup earth element IEP 0.25 to 20 A or ∞ 1) (in steps of 0.01 A) Tolerances (phase angle error under
Time multiplier T 0.05 to 3.2 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) reference conditions)
(IEC characteristics) For phase and earth faults ± 3 ° electrical
Time multiplier D 0.05 to 15 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Inrush blocking
(ANSI characteristics) Influenced functions Time-overcurrent elements, I>, IE>,
Ip, IEp (directional, non-directional)
Lower function limit 1.25 A 1)
Upper function limit (setting range) 1.5 to 125 A 1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Setting range I2f /I 10 to 45 % (in steps of 1 %)
Crossblock (IL1, IL2, IL3) ON/OFF

1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Dynamic parameter group Earth-fault pickup for all types of earth faults
Controllable function Directional and non-directional Inverse-time characteristic (ANSI 51Ns)
pickup, tripping time User-defined characteristic Defined by a maximum of 20 pairs of
Start criteria Current criteria, current and delay time values
CB position via aux. contacts, Logarithmic inverse I
binary input, t = TIEEpmax − TIEEp ⋅ ln
auto-reclosure ready I EEp

Time control 3 timers Setting ranges


Pickup threshold IEEp
Current criteria Current threshold
For sensitive input 0.001 A to 1.4 A (in steps of 0.001 A)
(reset on dropping below threshold;
For normal input 0.25 to 20 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
monitoring with timer)
User defined
(Sensitive) earth-fault detection (ANSI 64, 50 Ns, 51Ns, 67Ns) Time multiplier T 0.1 to 4 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Displacement voltage starting for all types of earth fault (ANSI 64) Logarithmic inverse
Time multiplier TIEEp mul 0.05 to 15 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Setting ranges Delay time TIEEp 0.1 to 4 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
Pickup threshold VE> (measured) 1.8 to 170 V (in steps of 0.1 V) Min time delay TIEEpmin 0 to 32 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
Pickup threshold 3V0> (calcu- 10 to 225 V (in steps of 0.1 V) Max. time delay TIEEpmax 0 to 32 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
lated)
5 Delay time TDelay pickup 0.04 to 320 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Times
Additional trip delay TVDELAY 0.1 to 40000 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Pickup times Approx. 60 ms (non-directional)
Approx 80 ms (directional)
Times
Pickup time Approx. 60 ms Pickup threshold Approx. 1.1 · IEEp
Dropout ratio 0.95 or (pickup value -0.6 V) Dropout ratio Approx. 1.05 · IEEp
Tolerances Tolerances
Pickup threshold VE (measured) 3 % of setting value or 0.3 V Pickup threshold IEEp 2 % of setting value or 1 mA
Pickup threshold 3V0 (calculated) 3 % of setting value or 3 V Delay times in linear range 7 % of reference value for 2 ≤ I/IEEp
Delay times 1 % of setting value or 10 ms ≤ 20 + 2 % current tolerance, or 70 ms
Phase detection for earth fault in an unearthed system Direction detection for all types of earth-faults (ANSI 67Ns)
Direction measurement IE and VE measured or
Measuring principle Voltage measurement (phase-to-earth) 3I0 and 3V0 calculated
Setting ranges Measuring principle Active/reactive power measurement
Vph min (earth-fault phase) 10 to 100 V (in steps of 1 V)
Setting ranges
Vph max (unfaulted phases) 10 to 100 V (in steps of 1 V) Measuring enable IRelease direct.
Measuring tolerance 3 % of setting value, or 1 V For sensitive input 0.001 to 1.2 A (in steps of 0.001 A)
acc. to DIN 57435 part 303 For normal input 0.25 to 150 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Earth-fault pickup for all types of earth faults Measuring method cos ϕ and sin ϕ
Direction phasor ϕCorrection - 45 ° to + 45 ° (in steps of 0.1 °)
Definite-time characteristic (ANSI 50Ns) Dropout delay TReset delay 1 to 60 s (in steps of 1 s)
Setting ranges Angle correction for cable CT
Pickup threshold IEE>, IEE>> Angle correction F1, F2 0 ° to 5 ° (in steps of 0.1 °)
For sensitive input 0.001 to 1.5 A (in steps of 0.001 A) Current value I1, I2
For normal input 0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A) For sensitive input 0.001 to 1.5 A (in steps of 0.001 A)
Delay times T for IEE>, IEE>> 0 to 320 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) For normal input 0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Dropout delay time TDO 0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s) Tolerances
Times Pickup measuring enable 2 % of the setting value or 1 mA
Pickup times Approx. 60 ms (non-directional) Angle tolerance 3°
Approx. 80 ms (directional Note: Due to the high sensitivity the linear range of the measuring input IN
Dropout ratio Approx. 0.95 with integrated sensitive input transformer is from 0.001 A to 1.6 A. For cur-
Tolerances rents greater than 1.6 A, correct directionality can no longer be guaranteed.
Pickup threshold IEE>, IEE>> 2 % of setting value or 1 mA
Delay times 1 % of setting value or 20 ms

1) For Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.

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Technical data

High-impedance restricted earth-fault protection (ANSI 87N) / single-phase Thermal overload protection (ANSI 49)
overcurrent protection Setting ranges
Setting ranges Factor k 0.1 to 4 (in steps of 0.01)
Pickup thresholds I>, I>>
For sensitive input 0.003 to 1.5 A or ∞ (in steps of 0.001 A) Time constant 1 to 999.9 min (in steps of 0.1 min)
For normal input 0.25 to 175 A1) or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 A) Warning overtemperature 50 to 100 % with reference
Delay times TI>, TI>> 0 to 60 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Θalarm/Θtrip to the tripping overtemperature
Times (in steps of 1 %)
Pickup times Current warning stage Ialarm 0.5 to 20 A (in steps of 0.01 A)
Minimum Approx. 20 ms
Extension factor when stopped 1 to 10 with reference to the time con-
Typical Approx. 30 ms
kτ factor stant with the machine running
Dropout times Approx. 30 ms
(in steps of 0.1)
Dropout ratio Approx. 0.95 for I/Inom ≥ 0.5
Rated overtemperature (for Inom) 40 to 200 °C (in steps of 1 °C)
Tolerances
(I / k ⋅ I nom ) − (I pre / k ⋅ I nom )
2 2
Tripping characteristic
Pickup thresholds 3 % of setting value or t = τ th ⋅ ln
For (I/k · Inom) ≤ 8
(I / k ⋅ I nom ) − 1
2
1 % rated current at Inom = 1 or 5 A;
5 % of setting value or
3 % rated current at Inom = 0.1 A t =
Tripping time
Delay times 1 % of setting value or 10 ms τth =
Temperature rise time constant 5
Intermittent earth-fault protection I =
Load current
Ipre =
Preload current
Setting ranges k =
Setting factor acc. to VDE 0435
Pickup threshold Part 3011 and IEC 60255-8
For IE IIE> 0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A) Inom = Rated (nominal) current of the
For 3I0 IIE> 0.25 to 175 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A) protection relay
For IEE IIE> 0.005 to 1.5 A (in steps of 0.001 A) Dropout ratios
Pickup prolon- TV 0 to 10 s (in steps of 0.01 s) Θ/ΘTrip Drops out with ΘAlarm
gation time Θ/ΘAlarm Approx. 0.99
Earth-fault accu- Tsum 0 to 100 s (in steps of 0.01 s) I/IAlarm Approx. 0.97
mulation time Tolerances
Reset time for Tres 1 to 600 s (in steps of 1 s) With reference to k · Inom Class 5 acc. to IEC 60255-8
accumulation With reference to tripping time 5 % +/- 2 s acc. to IEC 60255-8
Number of pickups for 2 to 10 (in steps of 1) Auto-reclosure (ANSI 79)
intermittent earth fault Number of reclosures 0 to 9
Times Shot 1 to 4 individually adjustable
Pickup times Program for phase fault
Current = 1.25 · pickup value Approx. 30 ms Start-up by Time-overcurrent elements (dir.,
Current ≥ 2 · pickup value Approx. 22 ms non-dir.), negative sequence, binary
Dropout time Approx. 22 ms input
Tolerances Program for earth fault
Pickup threshold IIE> 3 % of setting value, or 50 mA 1) Start-up by Time-overcurrent elements
(dir., non-dir.), sensitive earth-fault
Times TV, Tsum, Tres 1 % of setting value or 10 ms
protection, binary input
Blocking of ARC Pickup of protection functions,
three-phase fault detected by a protec-
tive element, binary input,
last TRIP command after the reclosing
cycle is complete (unsuccessful
reclosing),
TRIP command by the breaker failure
protection (50BF),
opening the CB without ARC initiation,
external CLOSE command

1) For Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Setting ranges Negative-sequence current detection (ANSI 46)


Dead time 0.01 to 320 s (in steps of 0.01 s) Definite-time characteristic (ANSI 46-1 and 46-2)
(separate for phase and earth
and individual for shots 1 to 4) Setting ranges
Pickup current I2>, I2>> 0.5 to 15 A or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 A)
Blocking duration for manual- 0.5 s to 320 s (in steps of 0.01 s) Delay times 0 to 60 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
CLOSE detection Dropout delay time TDO 0 to 60 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
Blocking duration after 0.5 s to 320 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
reclosure Functional limit All phase currents ≤ 20 A1)
Blocking duration after 0.01 to 320 s (in steps of 0.01 s) Times
dynamic blocking Pickup times Approx. 35 ms
Start-signal monitoring time 0.01 to 320 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Dropout times Approx. 35 ms
Dropout ratio Approx. 0.95 for I2 /Inom > 0.3
Circuit-breaker supervision 0.1 to 320 s (in steps of 0.01 s)
time Tolerances
Pickup thresholds 3 % of the setting value or 50 mA1)
Max. delay of dead-time start 0 to 1800 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.1 s) Delay times 1 % or 10 ms
Maximum dead time extension 0.5 to 320 s or ∞(in steps of 0.01 s) Inverse-time characteristic (ANSI 46-TOC)
Operating time 0.01 to 320 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Setting ranges
The delay times of the following protection function can be altered individ- Pickup current 0.5 to 10 A 1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
5 ually by the ARC for shots 1 to 4 Time multiplier T 0.05 to 3.2 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
(setting value T = T, non-delayed T = 0, blocking T = ∞): (IEC characteristics)
I>>, I>, Ip, Idir>>, Idir>, Ipdir Time multiplier D 0.5 to 15 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
IE>>, IE>, IEp, IEdir>>, IEdir>, IEdir (ANSI characteristics)
Additional functions Lockout (final trip), Functional limit All phase currents ≤ 20 A 1)
delay of dead-time start via binary input Trip characteristics
(monitored), IEC Normal inverse, very inverse, extremely
dead-time extension via binary input inverse
(monitored), ANSI Inverse, moderately inverse, very in-
co-ordination with other protection verse, extremely inverse
relays,
circuit-breaker monitoring, Pickup threshold Approx. 1.1 · I2p setting value
evaluation of the CB contacts Dropout
Breaker failure protection (ANSI 50 BF) IEC and ANSI Approx. 1.05 · I2p setting value,
(without disk emulation) which is approx. 0.95 · pickup threshold
Setting ranges ANSI with disk emulation Approx. 0.90 · I2p setting value
Pickup threshold CB I> 0.2 to 5 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Tolerances
Delay time 0.06 to 60 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Pickup threshold 3 % of the setting value or 50 mA1)
Times Time for 2 ≤ M ≤ 20 5 % of setpoint (calculated)
Pickup times +2 % current tolerance, at least 30 ms
with internal start is contained in the delay time Starting time monitoring for motors (ANSI 48)
start via control is contained in the delay time
with external start is contained in the delay time Setting ranges
Dropout times Approx. 25 ms Motor starting current ISTARTUP 2.5 to 80 A1) (in steps of 0.01)
Pickup threshold IMOTOR START 2 to 50 A1) (in steps of 0.01)
Tolerances Permissible starting 1 to 180 s (in steps of 0.1 s)
Pickup value 2 % of setting value (50 mA)1) time TSTARTUP
Delay time 1 % or 20 ms Permissible blocked rotor 0.5 to 120 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.1 s)
time TLOCKED-ROTOR
Tripping time characteristic 2

t =  STARTUP  ⋅ TSTARTUP
I
For I > IMOTOR START
 I 
ISTARTUP = Rated motor starting
current
I = Actual current flowing
TSTARTUP = Tripping time for rated
motor starting current
t = Tripping time in seconds
Dropout ratio IMOTOR START Approx. 0.95
Tolerances
Pickup threshold 2 % of setting value or 50 mA1)
Delay time 5 % or 30 ms

1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Restart inhibit for motors (ANSI 66) Undervoltage protection (ANSI 27)
Setting ranges Operating modes/measuring
Motor starting current relative 1.1 to 10 (in steps of 0.1) quantities
to rated motor current 3-phase Positive-sequence component or
IMOTOR START/IMotor Nom smallest of the phase-to-phase voltages
Rated motor current IMotor Nom 1 to 6 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A) 1-phase Single-phase phase-earth or
Max. permissible starting time 3 to 320 s (in steps of 1 s) phase-phase voltage
TStart Max Setting ranges
Equilibrium time TEqual 0 min to 320 min (in steps of 0.1 min) Pickup thresholds V<, V<<
Minimum inhibit time 0.2 min to 120 min (in steps of 0.1 min) 3-phase, phase-earth connec- 10 to 210 V (in steps of 1 V)
TMIN. INHIBIT TIME tion
Max. permissible number of 1 to 4 (in steps of 1) 3-phase, phase-phase connec- 10 to 120 V (in steps of 1 V)
warm starts tion
Difference between cold and 1 to 2 (in steps of 1) 1-phase connection 10 to 120 V (in steps of 1 V)
warm starts
Extension k-factor for cooling 0.2 to 100 (in steps of 0.1) Dropout ratio r 1.01 to 3 (in steps of 0.01)
simulations of rotor at zero speed Delay times T 0 to 100 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
kτ at STOP Current Criteria "Bkr Closed 0.2 to 5 A1) (in steps of 0.01 A)
Extension factor for cooling time 0.2 to 100 (in steps of 0.1) IMIN"
constant with motor running Dropout threshold r ·V<(<) Max. 130 V for phase-phase voltages
5
kτ RUNNING Max. 225 V phase-earth voltages
Restarting limit Times
nc − 1
Θ restart = Θ rot max perm ⋅ Pickup times V<, V<<, V1<, V1<< Approx. 50 ms
nc Dropout times As pickup times
Tolerances
Θrestart = Temperature limit below
Pickup thresholds 3 % of setting value or 1 V
which restarting is possi-
Times 1 % of setting value or 10 ms
ble
Θrot max perm = Maximum permissible Overvoltage protection (ANSI 59)
rotor overtemperature Operating modes/measuring
(= 100 % in operational quantities
measured value
Θrot/Θrot trip) 3-phase Negative-sequence component or
nc = Number of permissible largest of the phase-to-phase voltages
start-ups from cold state 1-phase Single-phase phase-earth or
phase-phase voltage
Undercurrent monitoring (ANSI 37)
Setting ranges
Signal from the operational Predefined with programmable logic Pickup thresholds V>, V>>
measured values 3-phase, phase-earth connec- 40 to 260 V (in steps of 1 V)
Temperature monitoring box (ANSI 38) tion, largest phase-phase
voltage
Temperature detectors
3-phase, phase-phase connec- 40 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
Connectable boxes 1 or 2 tion, largest phase-phase
Number of temperature Max. 6 voltage
detectors per box 3-phase, negative-sequence 2 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
Type of measuring Pt 100 Ω or Ni 100 Ω or Ni 120 Ω voltage
Mounting identification “Oil” or “Environment” or “Stator” or 1-phase connection 40 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V)
“Bearing” or “Other”
Dropout ratio r 0.9 to 0.99 (in steps of 0.01)
Thresholds for indications Delay times T 0 to 100 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s)
For each measuring detector
Times
Stage 1 -50 °C to 250 °C (in steps of 1 °C)
Pickup times V>, V>> Approx. 50 ms
-58 °F to 482 °F (in steps of 1 °F)
Pickup times V2>, V2>> Approx. 60 ms
or ∞ (no indication)
Dropout times As pickup times
Stage 2 -50 °C to 250 °C (in steps of 1 °C)
-58 °F to 482 °F (in steps of 1 °F) Tolerances
or ∞ (no indication) Pickup thresholds 3 % of setting value or 1 V
Times 1 % of setting value or 10 ms

1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits divided by 5.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Frequency protection (ANSI 81) Additional functions


Number of frequency elements 4 Operational measured values
Setting ranges Currents InA(kA)primary, inAsecondaryorin%Inom
Pickup thresholds for fnom = 50 Hz 45.5 to 54.5 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz) IL1, IL2, IL3
Pickup thresholds for fnom = 60 Hz 55.5 to 64.5 Hz (in steps of 0.01 Hz) Positive-sequence component I1
Delay times 0 to 100 s or ∞ (in steps of 0.01 s) Negative-sequence component I2
Undervoltage blocking, with 10 to 150 V (in steps of 1 V) IE or 3I0
positive-sequence voltage V1 Range 10 to 200 % Inom
Times Tolerance2) 1 % of measured value or 0.5 % Inom
Pickup times Approx. 150 ms Phase-to-earth voltages In kV primary, in V secondary or in % Vnom
Dropout times Approx. 150 ms VL1-E, VL2-E, VL3-E
Dropout Phase-to-phase voltages
∆f = pickup value - dropout value Approx. 20 mHz VL1-L2, VL2-L3, VL3-L1, VE or V0
Ratio undervoltage blocking Approx. 1.05 Positive-sequence component V1
Tolerances Negative-sequence component V2
Pickup thresholds Range 10 to 120 % Vnom
Frequency 10 mHz Tolerance2) 1 % of measured value or 0.5 % of Vnom
Undervoltage blocking 3 % of setting value or 1 V
5 Delay times 3 % of the setting value or 10 ms
S, apparent power In kVAr (MVAr or GVAr) primary and
in % of Snom
Fault locator (ANSI 21FL) Range 0 to 120 % Snom
Output of the fault distance In Ω secondary, Tolerance2) 2 % of Snom
in km / mile of line length for V/Vnom and I/Inom = 50 to 120 %
Starting signal Trip command, dropout of a protec- P, active Power With sign, total and phase-segregated in
tion element, via binary input kW (MW or GW) primary and in % Snom
Setting ranges Range 0 to 120 % Snom
Reactance (secondary) 0.001 to 1.9 Ω/km1) (in steps of 0.0001) Tolerance2) 3 % of Snom
0.001 to 3 Ω/mile1) (in steps of 0.0001) for V/Vnom and I/Inom = 50 to 120 %
Tolerances and cos ϕ = 0.707 to 1 with
Measurement tolerance acc. to 2.5 % fault location, or 0.025 Ω Snom = 3 ⋅ Vnom ⋅ I nom
VDE 0435, Part 303 for sinusoi- (without intermediate infeed) for Q, reactive power With sign, total and phase-segregated
dal measurement quantities 30 ° ≤ ϕK ≤ 90 ° and VK/Vnom ≥ 0.1 in kVAr (MVAr or GVAr)primary and
and IK/Inom ≥ 1 in % Snom
Range 0 to 120 % Snom
Tolerance2) 3 % of Snom
for V/Vnom and I/Inom = 50 to 120 %
and sin ϕ = 0.707 to 1 with
Snom = 3 ⋅ Vnom ⋅ I nom
cos ϕ, power factor (p.f.) Total and phase segregated
Range - 1 to + 1
Tolerance2) 5 % for cos ϕ ≥ 0.707
Frequency f In Hz
Range fnom ± 5 Hz
Tolerance2) 20 mHz
Temperature overload protection In %
Θ/ΘTrip
Range 0 to 400 %
Tolerance2) 5 % class accuracy per IEC 60255-8
Temperature restart inhibit In %
ΘL/ΘL Trip
Range 0 to 400 %
Tolerance2) 5 % class accuracy per IEC 60255-8
Restart threshold ΘRestart/ΘL Trip In %
Reclose time TReclose In min
Currents of sensitive ground fault In A (kA) primary and in mA second-
detection (total, real, and reactive ary
current) IEE, IEE real, IEE reactive
Range 0 mA to 1600 mA
Tolerance2) 2 % of measured value or 1 mA
RTD-box See section "Temperature monitoring
box"
1) At Inom = 1 A, all limits multiplied with 5.
2) At rated frequency.

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Technical data

Long-term averages Time stamping


Time window 5, 15, 30 or 60 minuets Resolution for event log (opera- 1 ms
Frequency of updates Adjustable tional annunciations)

Long-term averages Resolution for trip log (fault 1 ms


of currents IL1dmd, IL2dmd, IL3dmd, I1dmd in A (kA) annunciations)
of real power Pdmd in W (kW, MW) Maximum time deviation (internal 0.01 %
of reactive power Qdmd in VAr (kVAr, MVAr) clock)
of apparent power Sdmd in VAr (kVAr, MVAr) Battery Lithium battery 3 V/1 Ah,
Max. / Min. report type CR 1/2 AA, message "Battery
Report of measured values With date and time Fault" for insufficient battery charge

Reset, automatic Time of day adjustable (in minutes, Oscillographic fault recording
0 to 1439 min) Maximum 8 fault records saved,
Time frame and starting time adjust- memory maintained by buffer bat-
able (in days, 1 to 365 days, and ∞) tery in case of loss of power supply
Reset, manual Using binary input, Recording time Total 5 s
using keypad, Pre-trigger and post-fault recording
via communication and memory time adjustable
Min./Max. values for current IL1, IL2, IL3, Sampling rate for 50 Hz 1 sample/1.25 ms (16 sam/cyc)
5
I1 (positive-sequence component) Sampling rate for 60 Hz 1 sample/1.04 ms (16 sam/cyc)
Min./Max. values for voltages VL1-E, VL2-E, VL3-E Energy/power
V1 (positive-sequence component) Meter values for power in kWh (MWh or GWh) and kVARh
VL1-L2, VL2-L3, VL3-L1 Wp, Wq (real and reactive power (MVARh or GVARh)
Min./Max. values for power S, P, Q, cos ϕ, frequency demand)
Min./Max. values for overload pro- Θ/ΘTrip Tolerance1) ≤ 5 % for I > 0.5 Inom, V > 0.5 Vnom
tection and cos ϕ (p.f.) ≥ 0.707
Min./Max. values for mean values IL1dmd, IL2dmd, IL3dmd Statistics
I1 (positive-sequence component); Saved number of trips Up to 9 digits
Sdmd, Pdmd, Qdmd
Number of automatic reclosing Up to 9 digits
Local measured values monitoring commands (segregated according
Current asymmetry Imax/Imin > balance factor, to 1st and ≥ 2nd cycle)
for I>Ibalance limit Circuit-breaker wear
Voltage asymmetry Vmax/Vmin > balance factor, Methods • ΣIx with x = 1 .. 3
for V>Vlim • 2-point method (remaining service
Current sum |iL1 + iL2 + iL3 + kiE ⋅ iE| > limit value, life)
with Operation Phase-selective accumulation of mea-
I CT PRIM / I earth CT SEC sured values on TRIP command, up to
k iE = earth
CT PRIM / CT SEC 8 digits, phase-selective limit values,
monitoring indication
Current phase sequence Clockwise (ABC) / counter-clockwise
(ACB) Operating hours counter
Voltage phase sequence Clockwise (ABC) / counter-clockwise Display range Up to 7 digits
(ACB) Criterion Overshoot of an adjustable current
Limit value monitoring Predefined limit values, user-defined threshold (BkrClosed IMIN)
expansions via CFC Trip circuit monitoring
Fault recording With one or two binary inputs
Recording of indications of the last Commissioning aids
8 power system faults
Phase rotation field check,
Recording of indications of the last Operational measured values,
3 power system ground faults Circuit-breaker / switching device
test,
Creation of a test measurement re-
port

1) At rated frequency.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Technical data

Clock
Time synchronization DCF77/IRIG-B signal (telegram for-
mat IRIG-B000),
binary input,
communication
Setting group switchover of the function parameters
Number of available setting groups 4 (parameter group A, B, C and D)
Switchover performed Via keypad, DIGSI, system (SCADA)
interface or binary input
Control
Number of switching units Depends on the binary inputs and
outputs
Interlocking Programmable
Circuit-breaker signals Feedback, close, open, intermediate
position
5 Control commands Single command / double command
1, 1 plus 1 common or 2 trip contacts
Programmable controller CFC logic, graphic input tool
Local control
Units with small display Control via menu,
assignment of a function key
Units with large display Control via menu,
control with control keys
Remote control Via communication interfaces,
using a substation automation and
control system
(e.g. SICAM),
DIGSI 4 (e.g. via modem)

CE conformity
This product is in conformity with the Directives of the European Commu-
nities on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Council Directive 89/336/EEC) and
electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (Council
Directive 73/23/EEC).
This unit conforms to the international standard IEC 60255, and the Ger-
man standard DIN 57435/Part 303 (corresponding to VDE 0435/Part 303).
Further applicable standards: ANSI/IEEE C37.90.0 and C37.90.1.
The unit conforms to the international standard IEC 60255, and the Ger-
man standard DIN 57435/Part 303 (corresponding to VDE 0435/Part 303).
This conformity is the result of a test that was performed by Siemens AG in
accordance with Article 10 of the Council Directive complying with the
generic standards EN 50081-2 and EN 50082-2 for the EMC Directive and
standard EN 60255-6 for the “low-voltage Directive”.

5/108 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Selection and ordering data Description Order No.


7SJ62 multifunction protection relay 7SJ62¨o – ¨¨¨¨¨ – ¨¨¨¨
Housing, binary inputs (BI) and outputs (BO)
Housing 1/3 19"; 8 BI, 8 BO, 1 live status contact 1
Housing 1/3 19"; 11 BI, 6 BO, 1 live status contact 2
see
Measuring inputs (3 x V, 4 x I) next
Iph = 1 A, Ie = 1 A (min. = 0.05 A) page
Position 15 only with A, C, E, G 1
Iph = 1 A, Ie = sensitive (min. = 0.001 A)
Position 15 only with B, D, F, H 2
Iph = 5 A, Ie = 5 A (min. = 0.25 A)
Position 15 only with A, C, E, G 5
Iph = 5 A, Ie = sensitive (min. = 0.001 A)
Position 15 only with B, D, F, H 6
Iph = 5 A, Ie = 1 A (min. = 0.05 A)
Position 15 only with A, C, E, G 7

Rated auxiliary voltage (power supply, indication voltage)


24 to 48 V DC, threshold binary input 19 DC2) 2 5
60 to 125 V DC1), threshold binary input 19 DC2) 4
110 to 250 V DC1), 115 to 230 V3) AC, threshold binary input 88 V DC2) 5

Unit version
For panel surface mounting, two-tier terminal top/bottom B
For panel flush mounting, plug-in terminal, (2/3 pin connector) D
For panel flush mounting, screw-type terminal (direct connection/ring-type cable lugs) E

Region-specific default settings/function versions and language settings


Region DE, 50 Hz, IEC, language: German, selectable A
Region World, 50/60 Hz, IEC/ANSI, language: English (GB), selectable B
Region US, 60 Hz, ANSI, language: English (US), selectable C
Region FR, 50/60 Hz, IEC/ANSI, language: French, selectable D
Region World, 50/60 Hz, IEC/ANSI, language: Spanish, selectable E

System interface (Port B): Refer to page 5/112


No system interface 0
Protocols see page 5/112

Service interface (Port C)


No interface at rear side 0
DIGSI 4/modem, electrical RS232 1
DIGSI 4/modem/RTD-box4), electrical RS485 2
DIGSI 4/modem/RTD-box4)5), optical 820 nm wave length, ST connector 3

Measuring/fault recording
Fault recording 1
Slave pointer, mean values, min/max values, fault recording 3

1) Transition between the two auxiliary


voltage ranges can be selected by
means of jumpers.
2) The binary input thresholds can be
selected in two stages by means of jumpers.
3) 230 V AC, starting from device version
…/EE.
4) Temperature monitoring box
7XV5662-oAD10, refer to “Accessories”.
5) When using the temperature monitoring
box at an optical interface, the additional
RS485 fiber-optic converter
7XV5650-0oA00 is required.

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Selection and ordering data Description Order No.


7SJ62 multifunction protection relay 7SJ62¨o – ¨¨¨¨¨ – ¨¨¨¨
Designation ANSI No. Description
Basic version Control
50/51 Time-overcurrent protection
I>, I>>, Ip, reverse interlocking
50N/51N Earth-fault protection
IE>, IE>>, IEp
50N/51N Insensitive earth-fault protection via
IEE function: IEE>, IEE>>, IEEp1)
49 Overload protection (with 2 time constants)
46 Phase balance current protection
(negative-sequence protection)
87N High-impedance restricted earth fault
37 Undercurrent monitoring
47 Phase sequence
59N/64 Displacement voltage
50BF Breaker failure protection
74TC Trip circuit supervision
4 setting groups, cold-load pickup
5 Inrush blocking
86 Lockout
n V, f 27/59 Under-/overvoltage
81 O/U Under-/overfrequency F E
n IEF V, f 27/59 Under-/overvoltage
81 O/U Under-/overfrequency
Intermittent earth fault P E
n Dir 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent, phases and earth F C
n Dir V, f 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent, phases and earth
27/59 Under-/overvoltage
81O/U Under-/overfrequency F G
n Dir IEF 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent, phases and earth
Intermittent earth fault P C
Directional Dir 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent, phases and earth
earth-fault 67Ns Directional sensitive earth-fault detection
detection
n F D 2)
Directional Dir IEF 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent, phases and earth
earth-fault 67Ns Directional sensitive earth-fault detection
detection Intermittent earth fault
n P D 2)
Directional 67Ns Directional sensitive earth-fault detection,
earth-fault
detection
n F B 2)
Directional Motor V, f 67Ns Directional sensitive earth-fault detection,
earth-fault 48/14 Starting time supervision, locked rotor
detection 66/86 Restart inhibit
n 27/59 Under-/overvoltage
2)
81O/U Under-/overfrequency H F
Directional Motor V, f 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent, phases and earth
earth-fault Dir 67Ns Directional sensitive earth-fault detection
detection 48/14 Starting time supervision, locked rotor
n 66/86 Restart inhibit
27/59 Under-/overvoltage
2)
n Basic version included 81O/U Under-/overfrequency HH
V, f = Voltage, frequency protection
Dir = Directional overcurrent protection
IEF = Intermittent earth fault
1) Only with insensitive earth-current
transformer when position 7 = 1, 5, 7.
2) For isolated/compensated networks
only with sensitive earth-current Continued on
transformer when position 7 = 2, 6. next page

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Selection and ordering data Description Order No. Order


code
7SJ62 multifunction protection relay 7SJ62¨o – ¨¨¨¨¨ – ¨¨¨¨ ¨¨¨¨
Designation ANSI No. Description
Basic version Control
50/51 Time-overcurrent protection
I>, I>>, Ip, reverse interlocking
50N/51N Earth-fault protection
IE>, IE>>, IEp
50N/51N Insensitive earth-fault protection via
IEE function: IEE>, IEE>>, IEEp1)
49 Overload protection (with 2 time constants)
46 Phase balance current protection
(negative-sequence protection)
87N High-impedance restricted earth fault
37 Undercurrent monitoring
47 Phase sequence
59N/64 Displacement voltage
50BF Breaker failure protection
74TC Trip circuit supervision
4 setting groups, cold-load pickup 5
Inrush blocking
86 Lockout
Directional Motor V, f 67/67N Direction determination for
earth-fault Dir overcurrent, phases and earth
detection 67Ns Directional sensitive earth-fault detection
n 48/14 Starting time supervision, locked rotor
66/86 Restart inhibit
27/59 Under-/overvoltage
81O/U Under-/overfrequency R H 2)
n Motor V, f 67/67N Direction determination for overcurrent,
Dir phases and earth
48/14 Starting time supervision, locked rotor
66/86 Reclosing lockout
27/59 Under/overvoltage
81 O/U Under/overfrequency H G
ARC, fault locator Without 0
79 With auto-reclosure 1
21 FL With fault locator 2
79, 21 FL With auto-reclosure, with fault locator 3
ATEX100 Certification
For protection of explosion-protected motors (increased-safety type of protection “e”)
When ordering ATEX100, the relay will be delivered with firmware version V4.4 Z X 9 9

n Basic version included


V, f = Voltage, frequency protection
Dir = Directional overcurrent protection
IEF = Intermittent earth fault
1) Only with insensitive earth-current
transformer when position 7 = 1, 5, 7.
2) For isolated/compensated networks
only with sensitive earth-current
transformer when position 7 = 2, 6.

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/111


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Order number for system port B Description Order No. Order


code
7SJ62 multifunction protection relay 7SJ62¨o – ¨¨¨¨¨ – ¨¨¨¨–¨¨¨
System interface (on rear of unit, Port B)
No system interface 0
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, RS232 1
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, RS485 2
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, 820 nm fiber, ST connector 3
PROFIBUS-FMS Slave, RS485 4
PROFIBUS-FMS Slave, 820 nm wavelength, single ring, ST connector 1) 5
1
PROFIBUS-FMS Slave, 820 nm wavelength, double ring, ST connector ) 6
PROFIBUS-DP Slave, RS485 9 L 0 A
1
PROFIBUS-DP Slave, 820 nm wavelength, double ring, ST connector ) 9 L 0B
MODBUS, RS485 9 L 0D
2
MODBUS, 820 nm wavelength, ST connector ) 9 L 0 E
5 DNP 3.0, RS485 9 L 0G
2
DNP 3.0, 820 nm wavelength, ST connector ) 9 L 0H
IEC 61850, 100 Mbit Ethernet, electrical, double, RJ45-connector3) 9 L 0R
1) Not with position 9 = “B”; if 9 = “B”, please order 7SJ6 unit with RS485 port and separate fiber-optic converters.
For single ring, please order converter 6GK1502-2CB10, not available with position 9 = “B”.
For double ring, please order converter 6GK1502-3CB10, not available with position 9 = “B”.
The converter requires a 24 V AC power supply (e.g. power supply 7XV5810-0BA00)
2) Not available with position 9 = “B”
3) Version V4.51 and newer.

Sample order Position Order No. + Order code


7SJ6225-5EC91-3FC1+L0G

6 I/O’s: 11 BI/6 BO, 1 live status contact 2


7 Current transformer: 5 A 5
8 Power supply: 110 to 250 V DC, 115 V AC to 230 V AC 5
9 Unit version: Flush-mounting housing, screw-type terminals E
10 Region: US, English language (US); 60 Hz, ANSI C
11 Communication: System interface: DNP 3.0, RS485 9 L 0G
12 Communication: DIGSI 4, electric RS232 1
13 Measuring/fault recording: Extended measuring and fault records 3
14/15 Protection function package: Basic version plus directional TOC FC
16 With auto-reclosure 1

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Accessories Description Order No.

DIGSI 4
Software for configuration and operation of Siemens protection units
running under MS Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Professional Edition
Basis Full version with license for 10 computers, on CD-ROM
(authorization by serial number) 7XS5400-0AA00
Demo Demo version on CD-ROM 7XS5401-0AA00
Professional Complete version:
DIGSI 4 Basis and additionally SIGRA (fault record analysis),
CFC Editor (logic editor), Display Editor (editor for default
and control displays) and DIGSI 4 Remote (remote operation) 7XS5402-0AA00

IEC 61850 System configuration tool


Software for configuration of stations with IEC 61850 communication under
DIGSI, running under MS Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Professional Edition
Optional package for DIGSI 4 Basis or Professional
License for 10 PCs. Authorization by serial number. On CD-ROM 7XS5460-0AA00

SIGRA 4 5
Software for graphic visualization, analysis and evaluation of fault records.
Can also be used for fault records of devices of other manufacturers (Comtrade
format). Running under MS Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Professional Edition.
(generally contained in DIGSI Professional, but can be ordered additionally)
Authorization by serial number. On CD-ROM. 7XS5410-0AA00

Temperature monitoring box


24 to 60 V AC/DC 7XV5662-2AD10
90 to 240 V AC/DC 7XV5662-5AD10

Varistor/Voltage Arrester
Voltage arrester for high-impedance REF protection
125 Vrms; 600 A; 1S/S 256 C53207-A401-D76-1
240 Vrms; 600 A; 1S/S 1088 C53207-A401-D77-1

Connecting cable
Cable between PC/notebook (9-pin con.) and protection unit (9-pin connector)
(contained in DIGSI 4, but can be ordered additionally) 7XV5100-4
Cable between temperature monitoring box and SIPROTEC 4 unit
- length 5 m /16.4 ft 7XV5103-7AA05
- length 25 m /82 ft 7XV5103-7AA25
- length 50 m /164 ft 7XV5103-7AA50

Manual for 7SJ62/63/64, English C53000-G1140-C147-4

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5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Accessories Description Order No. Size of package Supplier

LSP2289-afp.eps
Terminal safety cover
Voltage/current terminal 18-pole/12-pole C73334-A1-C31-1 1 Siemens
Voltage/current terminal 12-pole/8-pole C73334-A1-C32-1 1 Siemens
Connector 2-pin C73334-A1-C35-1 1 Siemens
Mounting rail
Connector 3-pin C73334-A1-C36-1 1 Siemens
1)
Crimp connector CI2 0.5 to 1 mm2 0-827039-1 4000 AMP
taped on reel
LSP2091-afp.eps
LSP2090-afp.eps

2 1)
Crimp connector CI2 0.5 to 1 mm 0-827396-1 1 AMP
2 1)
Crimp connector: Type III+ 0.75 to 1.5 mm 0-163084-2 1 AMP
Crimp connector: Type III+ 0.75 to 1.5 mm
2
0-163083-7 4000 AMP 1)
2-pin 3-pin
connector connector taped on reel

Crimping tool for Type III+ 0-539635-1 1 AMP 1)


and matching female 0-539668-2 1 AMP 1)
1)
Crimping tool for CI2 0-734372-1 1 AMP
LSP2093-afp.eps

LSP2092-afp.eps

1)
and matching female 1-734387-1 1 AMP
5
Short-circuit links
for current terminals C73334-A1-C33-1 1 Siemens
for other terminals C73334-A1-C34-1 1 Siemens
Short-circuit links Short-circuit links
for current termi- for other terminals Mounting rail for 19" rack C73165-A63-D200-1 1 Siemens
nals
Your local Siemens representative can inform you on local suppliers.

1) AMP Deutschland GmbH


Amperestr. 7–11
63225 Langen
Germany
Tel.: +49 6103 709-0
Fax +49 6103 709-223

5/114 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Connection diagram

Fig. 5/102 7SJ621 connection diagram

*) For pinout of communication ports see part 16 of this catalog.


For the allocation of the terminals of the panel surface mounting version see Manual
(Order No.: C5300-G1140-C147-4) or Internet (http://www.siprotec.com).

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/115


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Connection diagram

Fig. 5/103 7SJ622 connection diagram

*) For pinout of communication ports see part 16 of this catalog.


For the allocation of the terminals of the panel surface mounting version see Manual
(Order No.: C5300-G1140-C147-4) or Internet (http://www.siprotec.com).

5/116 Siemens SIP · 2004


5 Overcurrent Protection / 7SJ62

Dimension drawings in mm / inch

Dimension drawings for SIPROTEC 4


1/3 x 19" housing (7XP20)

Side view Rear view 1 Rear view 2 Panel cutout


7SA610, 7SD61, 7SJ64 7SJ61, 7SJ62, 7UT612,
7UM611
Fig. 16/22
Housing for panel flush mounting/
cubicle mounting (1/3 x 19")

Front view Side view

Fig. 16/23
1/3 x 19” surface-mounting housing

Siemens SIP · 2004 5/117