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BIODIVERSITY a. Chlorobium b. Escherichia

PART A c. Rhizobium d. Nitrosomonas
1. Basic unit of classification is 20. Not evolved during bacterial photosynthesis.
a. genus b.species a. Oxygen b. Carbon dioxide d.taxon c. Hydrogen d.H2S
2. Unicellular plants in oceans and freshwater 21. Vinegar is got by the activity of .....
a. algae b.zooplanktons a. Lactobacillus b. Clostridium
c.phytoplanktons d.epiphytes c. Acetobactor d. Streptococcus
3. Carolus Linnaeus proposed 22. Study of Fungi
a. Phylogenetic b. Two kingdoms a. phycology b. plant pathology
c. Five Kingdoms d. Natural c. systematics d.mycology
4. Systema Naturae was written by 23. Fungal cell wall
a. Hippocrates b. Pliny the Elder a. chitin b. cellulose
c. Linnaeus d. Aristotle c. pectin d. peptidoglycan
5. The father of medicine is 24. Class Zygomycotina includes
a. Linnaeus b. Hippocrates a. bread moulds b. mushroom
c. R. H. Whittaker d. Aristotle c. agaricus d. yeast
6. The term species was introduced first time by .. 25. .............. is called hallucinogenic fungus.
a. Linnaeus b. John Ray a. Aspergillus b. Claviceps
c. Aristotle d. Theophrastu c. Agaricus d. Penicillium
7. The word Taxonomy was coined by . 26. ............. plays a role in biochemical genetics.
a. Hippocrates b. Aristotle a. Volvariella b. Neurospora
c. De Candolle d. Linnaeus c. Agaricus d. Penicillium
8. T.M.V symmetry. 27. Phycology is the study
a. Cubical b. helical a. plants b.virus
c.atypical d.square c.Algae d.bacteria
9. The infective nature of virus is due to 28. ............... is a unicellular alga.
a. protein coat b. nucleic acid a. Spirogyra b. Laminaria
c. envelope d.tail fibres. c. Chlorella d. Fucus

10. Developing vaccine forSARS is difficult because
a. it spreads by infectious materials
b. it is an enveloped virus
c. it is constantly changing it’s form
d. it has ssRNA

Star shaped chloroplast is seen in
a. Spirogyra
c. Chlorella
.............. is used as fodder.
a. Chlorella
b. Zygnema
d. Chlamydomonas

b. Fucus
11. The virus was isolated in crystalline form by c. Chlamydomonas d. Zygnema
a. Iwanowsky b. W. M. Stanley 31. .............. is used in space travel.
c. Mayer d. Beijerinck a. Gelidium b. Chlorella
12. ............... virus shows complex symmetry. c. Fucus d. Laminaria
a. Pox b. Influenza 32. Production of gametes in Bryophytes involve
c. HIV d. Adeno a. Meiosis b. Mitosis
13. Single stranded RNA is seen in .. c. fertilization d. reduction division
a. HIV b. SV 40 33. Sporophyte differentiated into foot, seta capsule in
c. SARS d. Bacteriophage a. Anthoceros b. Riccia
14. Chlorophyll pigment in green sulphur bacteria c. Funaria d. Marchantia
a.bacteriochlorophyll b.bacterioviridin 34. ............... is used in nurseries.
c.phycocyanin d.phycoerythrin a. Riccia b. Sphagnum
15. Cell which keeps changing it’s shape is called c. Funaria d. Liverworts
a. Spirilla b.Pleomorphic 35. In Bryophytes sexual reproduction is described as
c. Symbiont d. Gram negative a. Anisogamy b. Oogamy
16. The germ theory of disease was proposed by c. Isogamy d. Heterogamy
a. Ehrenberg b. Pasteur 36. ............... are called vascular cryptogams.
c. Leeuwenhock d. Hooke a. Bryophytes b. Pteridophytes
17. The term bacterium was first used by .. c. Algae d. Fungi
a. Stanley b. Pasteur 37. ............... are pteridophytes with large leaves.
c. Hooke d. Ehrenberg a. Psilotum b. Lycopodium
18. Bacteria with flagella at both poles of the cell c. Marsilea d. Selaginella
a. Monotrichous b. Lophotrichous 38. Characteristic feature of pteridophytes.
c. Amphitrichous d. Atrichous a. Heterospory b. No vascular tissues
19. An example of a chemoautotrophic bacteria is .. c. Protonema d. Capsule

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Part B 42. What are haustoria?

1. Define : biodiversity. 43. What are mycorrhizae?
2. What are the aims of classification? 44. Name some fungal diseases of plants.
3. Define : Taxonomy. 45. Name some edible fungi.
4. Define : species. 46. Justify the statement by Pasteur “Without fungi
5. Write the hierarchy of the units of classification. even death will be incomple
6. Define : phylogeny. 47. Which fungus is called hallucinogenic fungus and
7. Give any two reasons why phylogenetic why?
classification is not always possible? 48. Define : thallus
8. What is meant by phylogenetic classification? 49. What is a Lichen?
9. What is meant by artificial system of 50. Name the three types of photosynthetic pigments
classification? Give example. found in algae?
10. What are Archaebacteria? 51. Differentiate a whiplash flagellum from a tinsel
11. Name the three domains according to the modern flagellum.
classification proposed by C.Woese, O.Kandler 52. What are pyrenoids?
and M.C.Wheelis. 53. Differentiate isokont from heterokont type of
12. Define : systematics. flagella?
13. Define : virus 54. Define : isogamy
14. Justify Viruses are biologists’ puzzle. 55. Define : heterogamy
15. List any two living characteristics of virus. 56. Define : anisogamy
16. List any two non-living characteristics of virus. 57. Define : oogamy.
17. Viruses can undergo mutation. What does this 58. What is agar-agar?
signify? 59. What is diatomite?
18. Viruses can be crystallized. What does this 60. Write any two uses of diatomite.


What are the three main symmetry of viruses?
What is the principle used in sedimentation by
ultra centrifugation method?
What are enveloped viruses?
How are the algae used in space travel?
What is SCP?
How are algae used in sewage disposal?
What is algal bloom. How does it affect the lakes?
65. Algae are not associated with diseases unlike
22. Define : nucleocapsid. many fungi and bacteria. Whatis reason for this?
23. Name any two plant diseases caused byviruses? 66. Give reasons Bryophytes are called the
24. Name any two animal diseases caused byviruses? amphibians of plant kingdom.
25. Name any two human diseases caused byviruses? 67. Name the three main classes of Bryophyta.
26. Define : virion 68. What is peat?
27. Define : viroid 69. How is Sphagnum used in nursery?
28. Define : prion 70. What is meant by Tracheophyta?
29. What are oncogenic viruses? 71. Justify the vascular tissue of pteridophyte is
30. What are interferons? primitive when compared with flowering plants.
31. What are commensals? 72. What are the functions of vascular tissue?
32. What are Chemoautotrophs? 73. What are the advantages of seed development in
33. What is transduction Phaenerogams?
34. Define : transformation. 74. Name any two economically important products
35. Name any four plant diseases caused by bacteria? of Pteridophytes.
36. Name any 4 human diseases caused by bacteria? 75. Name the three important developments that have
37. Give reason Bacteria are also known as nature’s been made by the seed plants.
scavengers. 76. Define : heterospory.
38. Name some antibiotics obtained from bacteria 77. Justify the statement a seed is a complex structure
39. What is a coenocytic mycelium? containing cells from three generations.
40. What is meant by septate hypha? 78. Why do we call seeds of gymnosperms as naked?
41. Distinguish obligate parasite -facultative parasites. 79. Name the two classes of Gymnospermae.
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1. List differences between plants and animals. PART A
2. How do you justify a separate kingdom status for 1. The process in which DNA is constantly read out
fungi. into a particular set of mRNA is called
3. What are difficulties encountered in classifying a. translation b.protein synthesis
Euglena? c.DNA duplication d.transcription
4. Discuss the methods that are used to measure the 2. The process of changing the form in order to carry
size of a virus? out a specialized function is called
5. Write a note on: Significance of viruses. a. differentiation b.growth
6. What are the different shapes found in bacteria? c. cell division d. cell elongation
Give examples. 3. An exception to cell theory is
7. Describe the various types of flagellation found in a.fungi b.bryophyte
bacteria. c. seed plant d.pteridophyte
8. Discuss the role of bacteria in industry? 4. Extrachromosomal DNA the bacterium E.coli
9. Discuss the role of bacteria in soil fertility. a. mesosome b. nucleoid
10. Write about the symbiotic mode of nutrition as c. incipient nucleus d. plasmid
seen in fungi. 5. Bacterial cell wall is made up of
11. Give the salient features of Ascomycotina a. cellulose b. lignin
12. Give the salient features of Basidiomycotina c. peptidoglycan d. lipid
13. Give the salient features of Zygomycotina 6. Addition of wall materials within existing one
14. What is eutrophication? What is it’s significance? a. accretion b.intussusception
15. Write notes on: Nutrition and reserved food c.apposition d. deposition
materials in algae. 7. First layer, deposited at the time of cytokinesis.
16. Write about the pigmentation in algae. a. Primary wall b. Middle lamella

Discuss the classification of Bryophyta.
What are the salient features of Pteridophytes?
What is heterospory? What is it’s significance?
List the differences between Gymnospermae and

c. Secondary wall

a. Nageli
c. Frey
d. Plasma membrane
Concept of micellae in cell wall was proposed by .
b. Muhlethaler
d. Robert Hook
Active transport of molecules take place
21. Write the salient features of Gymnosperms. a. along the concentration gradient
22. Write economic importance of gymnosperms. b. along the electric gradient
Part D c. along the pressure gradient
1. Discuss the Five kingdom system of d. against the concentration gradient
classification. List it’s merits and demerits. 10. Phagocytosis is also known as
2. Discuss Two kingdom system of classification. a. cell eating b.cell death
List it’s merits and demerits. c.cell drinking d.cell lysis
3. Distinquish lytic cycle of a phage from lysogenic 11. Spaces inside ER membrane folds
cycle . a. thylakoids b.cisternae
4. Write an essay on cause, symptoms and c.mesosomes d.periplasmic spac
prevention of AIDS 12. These are colourless plastids
5. Write an essay on cause, symptoms and a. chromoplasts b. chloroplasts
prevention of SARS c. elaioplasts d. leucoplasts
6. Write an essay on sexual reproduction in bacteria. 13. Interconnected membrane system in chloroplast
7. Discuss the economic importance of bacteria. a. grana b.stroma
8. Write an essay on nutrition in bactera. c.thylakoids d.cisternae
9. Write an essay on the mode of nutrition in fungi. 14. During this phase there is a duplication of DNA
10. Give a concise account on the economic a. G1 Phase b. S phase
importance of fungi. c . G2 Phase d. interphase
11. Write the economic importance of algae. 15. Cytokinesis is the division of
12. Write on reproduction in algae. a. cytoplasm b.nucleus

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c.chloroplast d. centriole 40. Name any two common properties shared by

16. Terminalisation takes place during chloroplasts and mitochondria.
a. pachytene b. zygotene 41. What is a polysome?
c. leptotene d. diakinesis 42. Distinguish the ribosomes of prokaryotic cells
PART B from that of eukaryotic cells.
1. Define : Cell cycle 43. Define : crossing over
2. What is meant by cell differentiation. 44. What is a tetrad?
3. Explain the statement “form follows function” 45. What is a bivalent?
4. What is PCD? PART C
5. Name the steps in scientific methodology. 1. State the important features of cell doctrine.
6. State the cell theory as proposed by Schleiden and 2. Describe the ultra structure of a prokaryotic cell.
Schwann 3. What is plasmodesmata? Explain
7. Name any two exceptions to cell theory. 4. What are pits? Explain their types.
8. What is meant by incipient nucleus. 5. Discuss the functions of cell wall.
9. What are the uses of plasmid? 6. List the functions of plasma membrane.
10. Distinguish a prokaryotic cell form eukaryotic cell 7. Define diffusion. Discuss the various factors that
11. Define : resolving power of a microscope affect the rate of diffusion.
12. Name the three important components of a typical 8. Describe Uniporter Catalyzed transport.
plant cell wall. 9. Describe active transport of substances across the
13. What is middle lamella? membranes.
14. What is meant by growth by intussusception? 10. Draw a plant cell and label it’s parts.
15. What are micellae? 11. Explain the ultrastructure of chloroplast.
16. Name the two continuous interpenetrating systems 12. Explain cell cycle
found in secondary wall. 13. Write notes on: significance of mitosis

What is a pit membrane?
What are bordered pits?
Define : symplast.
What is desmotubule?
14. Write notes on: significance of meiosis

an animal cell.
15. Tabulate the differences between a plant cell and

21. Define : Biological membrane. 16. Describe the development of cell theory
22. What are amphipathic molecules? 17. Tabulate the differences between prokaryotes and
23. What are extrinsic proteins? eukaryotes.
24. What are intrinsic proteins? 18. Explain the structure and principle used in light
25. Define : semi- permeable membrane. microscope.
26. Define : Passive transport 19. Explain the structure and principle used in
27. Define : Active transport Transmission electron microscope.
28. Define :Diffusion 20. Explain the principle used in Scaning electron
29. Define : Osmosis microscope.
30. Name any two factors on which permeability of a 21. Describe the fine structure of a cell wall.
membrane depends on. 22. Describe the fluid mosaic model of cell membrane
31. What is the role of osmosis in plants? 23. Describe mitosis. Add a note on it’s significance.
32. What is meant by facilitated transport? 24. Explain the various stages of I meiosis /II meiosis
33. Distinguish uniport transport method from PLANT MORPHOLOGY
passive diffusion. 1. The type of phyllotaxy found in Calotropis is
34. Define :Phagocytosis a. alternate b.opposite decussate
c. opposite superposed d. ternate
35. Define : Pinocytosis 2. Respiratory roots are seen is
36. Define : Exocytosis a. Carrot b. Radish
37. What are the main functions of a nucleus? c. Beet root d. Avicennia
38. Give reasons Mitochondria are semi autonomous 3. Type of root in turmeric is
organelles. a. Tuberous b. Fasciculated
c. Nodulose d. Storage
39. Name the three kinds of plastids.
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4. Example of parasitic root. a. Basal b. Parietal

a. Tinospora b. Vanda c. Axile d. Marginal
c. Maize d. Cuscuta 24. Seeds are produced from the
5. is not a subaerial modification of stem. a. Ovary b. Carpels
a. Phyllode b. Runner c. Ovules d. Locules
c. Stolon d. Offset 25. Seedless Grapes are the
6. In Lathyrus . is modified into tendril. a. Simple Dry fruits b. Multiple fruits
a. leaf tip b. entire leaf c. Aggregate fruits d.Parthenocarpic Fruits
c. stipule d. petiole 26. Edible portion in berry
7. Spike is a type of a. Epicarp b. Endocarp
a.Racemose inflorescence b.Cymose inflorescence c. Mesocarp d. All the above
c. Mixed inflorescence d. Special inflorescence 27. Coconut belongs to
8. Dorstenia an example for a. Drupe b. Syconus
a.raceme b. panicle c. Baccate d. Aggregate
c. spadix d. coenanthium 28. Type of fruit seen in Jack is
9. This is a homogamous head with ray florets a. Multiple fruit b. Syconus
a. Vernonia b. Tridax c. Sorosis d. Aggregate
c. Launaea d. Helianthus 29. Androphore is seen in
10. Musa in an example for a. Capparis b. Passiflora
a. spadix b. mixed spadix c. Onion d. Calotropis
c. compound spadix d. none of the a PART B
11. Flowers are unisexual in 1. What is meant by exogenous origin
a. cyathium b. thyrsus 2. Define : endogenous origin
c. verticillaster d. cyme 3. Name two vegetative organs of a flowering plant.
12. Scape is seen in 4. Name two reproductive organs of flowering plant.
a. lotus b. vernonia 5. Write any two characteristic features of root
c. crotalaria d. sunflower 6. Define : shoot.
13. Not seen in Racemose inflorescence 7. Define : adventitious roots
a. unlimited growth b. centrifugal

8. Define : root cap
c. acropetal succession d. pedicels 9. Define : meristematic zone
14. Compound head inflorescence is seen in ..
10. Define : pulvinus
a. Tridax b. Launaea
11. Define : bud
c. Lagasca d. Onion
12. What is an epiphyllous bud?
15. Type of mixed inflorescence.
a. Spike b. Umbel 13. What are the advantages of rhizome?
c. Thyrsus d. Cyathium 14. What are pneumatophores?
16. Conspicuouscharacteristic structure of angiosperm 15. Define : Ligulate floret
a. Flower b. Seeds 16. Define : Hypanthodium
c. Fruits d. leaves 17. Define : Corymb
17. No. of whorls present in a bisexual flower is 18. Define : Involucre
a. One b. Three 19. Define : Umbellet
c. Two d. Four 20. What are monoecious plants?
18. A flower is said to be complete when it has 21. Define : aestivation.
a. One whorl b. Three whorls 22. What is a bisexual flower?
c. Two whorls d. Four Whorls 23. What is a zygomorphic flower? Give Example.
19. Timerous Flowers are common among 24. Distinguish : monothecous and dithecous anthers.
a. Dicots b. Xerophytes 25. What is meant by monadelphous stamens?
c. Monocots d. Gymnosperms 26. Distinguish : apocarpous and syncarpous ovary.
20. In deciduous type of calyx, the sepals fall off 27. Define : fruit.
a. As soon as flower opens 28. What are the three groups of fruits?
b. After fertilization 29. Define : simple fruit.
c. In the bud condition d. All the above
30. What are dry dehiscent fruits?
21. When anthers have two chambers, they are
31. What are the two processes necessary for the
a. Dioecious b. Dithecous
c. Diadelphous d. Dimorphic development of fruits?
22. Gynoecium with united carpels is termed as 32. Define : aggregate fruits.
a. Apocarpous b. Multicarpellary 33. What is legume? Give an example.
c. Syncarpous d. None of the above. 34. How does a fleshy fruit differ from a dry fruit?
23. Type of placentation seen in cucumber is PART C
1. Describe the parts of a typical root.
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2. Describe two types of root system with examples. c. Reciprocal cross d. Monohybrid cross
3. Write about the functions of roots? 7. Recessive state for seed coat colour is
4. Describe phyllode a. Green b. Grey
5. Describe phylloclade c. Yellow d. White
6. Describe the pitcher plant. 8. Smallest unit of gene which codes for amino acid
7. Distinguish a simple leaf from a compound leaf. a. Cistron b. Muton
8. Describe types of mixed inflorescence Give an c. Recon d. Codon
account of head inflorescence 9. Functional unit of a gene which can synthesize
9. Classify cymose inflorescence and explain any one polypeptide is called
two of them a. Codon b. Cistron
10. Give an account of special types of inflorescence c. Muton d. Recon
11. Explain hypogynous and epigynous flowers with 10. Gene present at specific position on chromosome
examples. a. Locus b.Nucleotide
12. Explain the different types of calyx. c. Nucleoside d. Allele
13. How symmetry of a flower is determined? 11. Chromosomal basis of inheritance was given by
Describe different types of symmetry in flower. a. Schleiden & Schwann b. Sutton & Boveri
14. Describe aggregate fruit with a suitable example. c. Singer & Nicholson d. Morgan & Bridges
15. Describe multiple fruit with a suitable example. 12. Incomplete dominance is also called
16. Bring out difference in the structure of dicot and a.Intermediate inheritance b.Blending inheritance
monocot seed BY labelled diagrams only. c. Partial dominance d. All the above
PART D 13. Intermediate inheritancePhenomenon observed in
1. Describe the modifications of Tap root system a. Lathyrus b. Antirrhinum
2. Describe modifications adventitious root system c. Cucurbita d. Maize
3. Describe the modifications stem 14. Phenotypic ratio of incomplete dominance is
4. Describe modifications leaf. a.1:2:1 b.3:1
5. Describe the various types of venation/ phyllotaxy c.9:3:3:1 d.1:1
6. Give an outline classifications of racemose types 15. Inheritance of flower colour in Lathyrus was

of inflorescence studied by
7. Write an essay on types of racemose inflorescence a. Morgan & Bridges b. Bateson & Punnett
8. Describe various types of cymose inflorescence. c. Sutton & Boveri d.Schleiden& Schwann
9. Explain types of placentation with example. 16. Inheritance of fruit colour in Cucurbita pepo ratio
10. Given types of aestivation with example. a. 13:3 b. 12:3:1
11. Describe essential organs of a flower. c.9:7 d.9:3:4
12. Explain types of fleshy fruits with examples. 17. A ratio of 15:1 is observed in
13. Describe dry dehiscent fruits with examples. a. Sweet pea b. Cucurbita pepo
14. Describe structure of Maize grain with the help of c. Rice d. Sorghum
diagram. How does it differ from a Cicer seed ? PART B
GENETICS 1. Define : Heredity
PART A 2. Define : Variation
1. Moist vapour theory was given by 3. Define : Homunculus
a. Aristotle b.Pythagoras 4. Define : Parthenogenesis
c. Delepatius d. Darwin 5. Define : Pangenes
2. Blending theory replaced by particulate theory of 6. Name the three scientists who rediscovered
a. Kolreuter b.Gaertner Mendel's work
c. Mendel d.Darwin 7. Define : true breeding
3. Grand children may exhibit a feature of an earlier 8. Define : Monohybrid test cross
generation not seen in parents. 9. Define : Back cross
a. Homunculus b. Pangenesis 10. Define : Alleles
c. Atavism d. Blending 11. Define : Law of purity of gametes
4. Fluid theory was proposed by 12. Define : Dihybrid test cross.
a. Pythagoras b. Aristotle 13. Define : Exon
c. Maupertius d. Mendel 14. Define : Intron
5. The village where Mendel was born is 15. Define : Splicing
a. Heizendors b.Silisian 16. Define : Codon
c. Brunn d. Austria 17. Define : Gene interaction
6. Sex has no influence on inheritance is proved by 18. Define : Epistasis
a. Back cross b. Test cross 19. Define : Duplicate factors
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PART C 9. Large amount of transpirational water loss occurs

1. Explain the significance of variation through .....
2. Give the early views of heredity a. cuticle b. hydathode
3. What are basic features of inheritance c. lenticel d. stomata
4. Write short notes on the Life History of Mendel. 10. Cell wall absorbs water by .....
5. Explain the reasons for Mendel's success. a. Osmosis b. Imbibition
6. Describe the Monohybrid cross. c. Diffusion d. Plasmolysis
7. Explain the molecular structure of a gene 11. During the day the guard cells experience
8. Give an account of the postulates of the a. exosmosis b. endosmosis
c. fall in turgor d. loss of water
chromosome theory of inheritance
12. Starch sugar interconversion theory was given by
9. Why is intermediate dominance also called
a. Steward b. Scarth
blending inheritance?
c. Levitt d. Raschke
10. Describe the Inheritance of glume colour in 13. The relay pump theory was put forward by
Sorghum. a. Godslewski b. J.C.Bose
11. Explain inheritance of fruit colour in Cucurbita c. Stocking d. Dixon.
pepo. 14. J.C. Bose gave the
12. Differentiate between dominance and epistasis. a. relay pump theory b. root pressure theory
PART D c. pulsation theory d. cohesion tension theory.
1. Write an essay on the different types of variations 15. Lignin and cellulose have affinity for water.
2. Write an essay on Mendel's Dihybrid cross. a. adhesion b. cohesion
3. Give an account of the Laws of Mendel. c. root pressure d. none of the above
4. List the important feature of the gene concept. 16. Transpiration pull theory was supported by
5. Draw a parallel between Mendel's factors and a. Renner b. Curtis
chromosomes and explain the c. Clark d. All the above
6. chromosomal theory of inheritance. 17. Hydroponics is otherwise called
7. Explain intermediate inheritance in 4' 0' clock a soilless agriculture b tank farming
plant c chemical gardening d all the above
This element is a constituent of chlorophyll

8. Write an essay on the various epistatic gene 18.
interactions you have studied a Manganese b Magnesium
c Potassium d Zinc
19. Passive absorption of mineral salts theory
a. Ion exchange b. Carrier Concept
1. Protoplasm considered as polyphase colloid
a. Altmann b. Hemming c. Cytochrome pump d. None of the above
20. Contact exchange theory was put forward by
c. Wilson Fisher d. Butschili
a. Jenny and Overstreet b. Hylmo and Kramer
2. Movement of water into and out of cells is
c. Bennet and Clark d. De Vries and Curtis
controlled by
a. Water potential b. Endosmosis PART B
c. Exosmosis d. Plasmolysis 1. Define : Tyndall effect
3. Flow of matter from a region of higher 2. Define : Brownian movement
concentration to a region of lower concentration 3. Define : Imbibition
a. Imbibition b.Osmosis 4. Define : Diffusion
c. Diffusion d. Plasmolysis 5. Define : DPD
4. The principle used in pickling is 6. Define : Osmosis
a. Imbibition b. Endosmosis 7. Define : Hypertonic solution
c. Plasmolysis d. None of the above 8. Define : Hypotonic solution
5. Turgor pressure or hydrostatic pressure developed
9. Define : Isotonic solution
inside cell on cell wall is due to
10. Define :Plasmolysis
a. Endosmosis b. Exosmosis
c. Osmosis d. Plasmolysis 11. Define : Osmotic pressure
6. The matric potential is denoted as 12. Define : Turgor pressure
a. ψm b. ψs c. ψp d. ψw 13. Define : Wall pressure Define : Water potential
7. Organelle connected with cell secretion in plants 14. Define : Permeability.
a. Golgi body b. Dictyosome 15. Define : Stomata
c. Chloroplast d. Mitochondria 16. Define : Transpiration
8. Type of water readily absorbed by root hairs 17. Define : Starch - sugar interconversion.
a. Rain water b. Gravitational water 18. Define : Root pressure
c. Hygroscopic water d. Capillary water.
19. Define : Transpiration pull

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20. Define : Cohesion 7. Give an account of the various theories

21. Define : Vital theories. explaining the ascent of sap.
22. Define : Hydroponics 8. Write an essay on the role and deficiency of
23. Define : Exanthema macro and micronutrients.
24. Define : Reclamation 9. Write an essay on theories of mineral salt
25. Define : Translocation of solutes absorption.
26. Define : Ammonification 10. Describe the Nitrogen cycle.
27. Define : Denitrification 11. Explain biological Nitrogen fixation
28. Define : Donnan equilibrium. REPRODUCTION BIOLOGY
1. Why is the cell called a physiological unit? 1. In hibiscus vegetative reproduction takesplace by
2. Explain the physical nature of protoplasm. a. Stem b. Bud
3. Describe the properties of protoplasm. c. Rhizome d. Leaf.
2. Plant which propagate with the help of its leaves
4. Explain the components of water potential.
a. Onion b. Cactus
5. Explain plasmolysis and bring out its significance. c. Potato d. Bryophyllum
6. Differentiate between DPD and water potential. 3. Adventitious buds develop on the roots of
7. Explain the mechanism of stomatal opening and a. carrot b. Onion c. Guava d. Yam
closing. 4. Offset is known as ...............
8. Describe the Proton - potassium pump hypothesis. a. Runner b. Condensed runner
9. Give an experiment to demonstrate cohesion - c. Bulbil d. Turion
tension theory. 5. Special type of fleshy buds that develop in aquatic
10. Give an account of the inherent properties of the plants are called ...............
leaf which affect the rate of transpiration. a. Bulbils b. Tunicate Buds
c. Scaly bulbs d. Turions
11. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of
6. Fragment flowers with welldeveloped nectaries
Hydroponics. are an adaptation for
12. Describe the technique of hydroponics with a a. Zoophily b. Entomophily


Describe the criteria for essentiality of an element
Explain the role and deficiency symptoms of any
three macronutrients.
Describe the deficiency symptoms of copper,

c. anemophily
Hydrophily occurs
a. Vallisneria
c. Hydrilla
d. Hydrophily

b. Ceratophyllum
d. All the above
Myrmecophily is a benefical association between
boron and molybdenum. some flowering plants and
16. Explain Munch’s mass flow hypothesis. . Bats b. Birds c. Ants d. Bees
9. Pollination by bat is called
17. Explain the theories of active transport of mineral
. Autogamy b. Chiropterophily
salts. c. Homogamy d. Dichogamy
18. Describe the transports of mineral by ion 10. If pollen and stigma at different time it iscalled
exchange. . Autogamy b. Cleistogamy
19. Write notes on the cytochrome-pump hypothesis c. Homogamy d. Dichogamy
of mineral salt transport. 11. Flowers are pollinated by birds in
20. Describe the ringing experiment to demonstrate . Yucca b. Bombax c. Mango d. Litchi
translocation of solutes. 12. Plants in which pollination takes place inside bud
21. Explain osmosis with an experiment. a. Rice b. Oxalis
c. Papaya d. Bajra
13. Cross pollination is known as
1. Write an essay on the physical nature and
a. Dichogmay b. Protogamy
properties of protoplasm. c. Protandry d. Xenogamy
2. Write an essay on the theories explaining 14. Embryo sac in typical dicot during fertilization
mechanism of stomatal movement a. 8 celled b. 6 celled
3. Give an account of the factors influencing c. 7 celled d. 5 celled
stomatal movement. 15. Process of fusion between male and egg nuclei
4. Explain the postulates of the cohesion - tension a.Syngamy b.Conjugation
theory. Add a note on the c.Double fertilization d. Triple fusion
5. objections and explanation. 16. Micropyle occurs in
6. List and explain the factors affecting transpiration. a. Ovary b.Seeds c.Ovule d. Both a. and c.
17. The Micropyle in a seed helps in the entry of
a. Water b. Male gamete
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c. Pollen tube d. None of these 4. Describe the process of endosperm and embryo
18. Single cotyledon of a monocot seed is formation in flowering plants.
a.Plumule b. Epicotyl 5. Describe the epigeal type of seed germination.
c. Scutellum d. Coleorrhiza 6. Describe the hypogeal of seed germination.
19. Hypogeal germination of albuminous seed is in 7. Describe the anatomical and biochemical changes
a.Maize b.Castor taking place during abscission of a leaf.
20. Vivipary is a characteristic feature of PART A
a.Mesophytes b.Halophytes 1. Finely dissected leaves are common in
c.Xerophytes d.Hydrophytes. a. Submerged plants b. amphibious plants
21. Germination of the seed is promoted by c. Free floating plants d. Rooted floating plants
a. Green light b.Red light 2. Root pockets are present instead of root caps in
c.Blue light d.Infra red light a. Utricularia b. Eichhornia
22. Which generally increases during senescence? c. Hydrilla d. Limnophylla
a.Protein b.Chlorophyll 3. Deforestation may reduce the chances of
c.Photosynthesis d.None of these a. Rainfall b. Landslides
23. Senescence of detached leaves can be delayed by c. Soil erosion d. Frequent cyclones
a.Auxin b.Giberellin 4. Soil erosion can be checked by
c.Cytokinin d.Ethylene a. Wind screen alone b.Restricted human activity
24. Yellowing and shedding of leaves in autumn c. Checking movement of animals
a.Over all senescence b.Deciduous senescence d. Good plant cover
c.Top senescence d.Progressive Senescence 5. Common sources of energy in Indian villages is
PART B a. Electricity b. Sun
1. What is grafting? c. Coal d. Wood ,animal dung
2. What is a bulbil? 6. Which of the following is non renewable?
3. Differentiate between stolon and sucker. a. Water b. Coal
4. Why is grafting not possible in monocot plants? c. Forests d. Wild life
5. Define : totipotency. PART B
What is Micropropagation? Write short note on soil water.

6. 1.
7. What is the product of Double triple fusion 2. What is symbiosis?
process? 3. What are Mycorrhizae?
8. What is double fertilization? 4. What are lichens?
9. What is meant by tegmen? 5. What is competition?
10. What is cotyledon? 6. What are hydrophytes?
11. What is funicle? 7. What are the three ecological groups of plants
12. What is hypocotyl? 8. Define : Xerophytes
13. Define : epicotyle. 9. Define : conservation?
14. Define : senescence in plants. 10. How do forests protect the environment?
15. What are the four kinds of senescence? 11. What is meant by resources?
16. What is the significance of senescence in the life 12. What are the main sources of energy today?
of a plant? PART C
17. What is abscission? 1. List out the different kinds of hydrophytes with
PART C examples.
1. Discuss the significance of vegetative propagation 2. Explain the basis for classification of xerophytes.
2. What is vegetative propagation? 3. What steps would you suggest for conservation
3. Differentiate dicot seed from monocot seed. of forests?
4. Write the difference between epigeal and 4. What is the economic importance of forest?
hypogeal germination. 5. What is a natural resource? Give an account of
5. Describe various types of senescence different types of naturalresources?
6. Describe the effects of edaphic factors on the 6. What are the objectives of conservation of natural
living organisms. resources?
7. Give an account of the effect of light and 7. Give an account of non-conventional energy
temperature on the plants. sources.
PART D 8. Explain seepage pit construction method.
1. Give a brief account of vegetative propagation . PART D
2. Describe different means of natural vegetative 1. List out the adaptations of xerophytes with
propagation. suitable examples.
3. Write an essay on Micropropagation. 2. Describe the methods of harvesting rain water.

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BIO-DIVERSITY c) in the brain d) reproductive system

PART A 20. The hollow bones of birds are called as
1. World summit on environment in Johennesberg a) pneumatic bones b) fused bones
a) only one earth b) our common future c) skull bones d) limb bones
c) sustainable earth d) energy crisis PART B
2. Introduction of phylogeny in taxonomy 1. Define biosphere?
a) Cuvier b) Lamark 2. Why do we consider Aristotle as the father of
c) Charles Darwin d) Linnaeus biological classification?
3. If two or more workers describe the same 3. What is the characteristic feature of biological
organism using different names it results in taxonomy?
a) homonyms b) synonyms 4. What are triploblastic animals?
c) a valid name d) nomenclature 5. Why do we call nematocysts as stinging cells?
4. Which is a pseudocoelomate ? 6. What is a trochophore?
a) platyhelminthes b) Annelids 7. What are amniotes?
c) Mollusca d) Nematoda 8. Why do we call birds as glorified reptiles?
5. Five Kingdom concept does not include 9. Name the subclasses under mammalia.
a) fungi b) viruses 10. Mention any one characteristic feature of the
c) flowering plants d) bacteria primates.
6. Which is considered ‘a blood fluke’ 11. What are cryptozoites?
a) Schistostoma b) Taenia solium 12. What is Ookinete?
c) Fasciola d) Ascaris 13. What is tertian malaria?
7. Head formation (cephalization) happened in 14. What are ‘lateral hearts’?
a) Arthropoda b) Annelida 15. What is ‘pecten’?
c) Mollusca d) Echinodermata PART C
8. Connecting link between Annelida & Arthropoda 1. Provide an account on the biodiversity in India.
a) Centipede b) Cockroach 2. What are the various concepts of species?
c) Peripatus d) Spiders 3. Give an account of the basic principles of
9. Characteristic feature of echinoderms nomenclature.
a) compound eye b) absence of coelom Differentiate bracketed and indented keys for

c) diploblastic d) water vascular system identifieation with a suitable
10. Acrania refers to 5. example.
a) fishes b) birds 6. Write notes on Phylum Annelida.
c) chordates d) prochordates 7. Give abrief account on Protochordates.
11. Segmented body muscles in fishes are called as 8. Write notes on Primates.
a) myotomes b) smooth muscles 9. What are the types of malaria?
c) skeletal muscles d) visceral muscles 10. Provide an account on external openings on the
12. Which is considered as a defeated group body of earthworm .
a) amphibians b) reptiles 11. Write notes on flight muscles in pigeon.
c) mammals d) fishes PART D
13. Amniotes are characterised by the presence of 1. Define species and provide an account on various
a) four legs b) amphibious life animal groups.
c) egg membranes d) metamorphosis 2. Write an essay on various methods of taxonomy.
14. Which is not a character of mammals 3. Give a detailed account on general characters
a) diaphragm b) right aortic arch chordates.
c) mammary glands d) corpus collosum 4. Explain the life cycle of Plasmodium in man.
15. The infective stage of plasmodium is 5. Describe the external features of Columba livia.
a) cryptozoite b) amoebula 6. Give a detailed account on reproductive system
c) sporozoite d) merozoite and the process ofeproduction in earthworms.
16. In earthworm the clitellum is present in segments CELL BIOLOGY
a) 5 to 10 b) 14 to 17 PART A
c) 13 to 18 d) 20 to 25 1. Living cells are wet cannot be viewed in a / an
17. Muscle fold in the intestitine of the earthworm a) Compound microscope
a) diaphragm b) Typhlosole b) Phase - contrast microscope
c) myotome d) ommatidium c) Electron microscope
18. Chlorogogen cells in earth worm is meant for d) Dark - field microscope.
a) digestion b) circulation 2. Increase size optical image over size of object
c) excretion d) reproduction a) limit of resolution b) transmission
19. The uropygeal gland of pigeon are found c) power of magnification d) conductance
a) above the tail b) in alimentary canal 3. The name ‘cell’ was coined by

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a) Leeuwenhoeck b) Robert Brown 22. The chromosome number in Man is ............ .

c) Robert Hook d) Galileo a) 80 b) 48
4. In a microscope light is focussed on object thro' c) 46 d) 12
a) condenser lens b) objective lens 23. Epithelial cancers are known as ............ .
c) occular lens d) oil immersion lens a) Leukemia b) Carcinoma
5. 3 dimensional image of object can be produced c) Sarcoma d) Lymphoma
a)compound microscope b)dark-field icroscope 24. Microscope used viewing suspensions of bacteria
c)transmission electron microscope a) Phase contrast b) Dark-field
d) scanning electron microscope c) Oil-immersion d) Compound
6. In microscopy nucleus is normally stained using PART B
a) Neutral red b) Janus green B 1. Write a note on phase contrast microscope.
c) Eosin d) Hematoxylin 2. What is ‘limit of resolution’ in the functioning of
7. Bouin’s solution is used for a microscope ?
a) fixation b) dehydration 3. Name the various parts of a compound
c) cleaning d) embedding microscope.
8. A unit membrane hypothesis for plasma 4. What are vital stains ?
membrane structure was provided by 5. Name two biochemical processes happening
a) Overton b) Daveson within the mitochondria.
c) Robertson d) Nicholson 6. What are RER and SER ?
9. In plasma membrane lipid bilayer is covered by 7. What is ‘autolysis’ ?
a) proteins b) carbohydrates 8. When do we call centriole as a basal body.
c) water molecules d) nucleic acid 9. What are the types of chromosomes based on the
10. The role of mitochondria in oxidative nature of their arm ?
phosphorylation was explained by 10. What is a ‘fluid mosaic model’ of a plasma
a) Leninger b) Embden membrane ?
c) Krebs d) Meyer hoff PART C
11. Which is called as the cell respirataory organelle 1. Write notes on cell theory.
a) ribosomes b) lysosomes 2. Explain various units of measurement in cell
c) golgi bodies d) mitochondria biology .


The ribosomes are meant for
a) phosphorylation
c) protein synthesis

a) mitochondria
b) respiration
d) oxidation
Which forms intra cellular transporting system
b) lysosomes

Differentiate TEM and SEM.
Provide the structure of the golgi apparatus.
Write notes on the organisation of a centriole.
Give an account of types of microscopes.
c)Endoplasmic reticulum d) ribosomes 2. Describe how a specimen is prepared for
14. Which cell may not contain golgi apparatus microscopic study.
a) epithelial cells b) glandular cells 3. Write on structure and function of mitochondria.
c) RBC d) secretory cells 4. Provide an account on organisation of cell nucleus
15. The lysosome originates from HUMAN ANATOMY
a) mitochondria b) ribosomes PART A
c) nucleus d) golgi apparatus 1. The cornified region of the skin is formed of
16. The movement of the flagellum is regulated by a) stratum lucidum b) stratum basale
a) plasma membrane b) nucleus c) stratum spinosum d) stratum corneum
c) basal body d) ribosomes 2. Goose flesh is formed due to the contraction of
17. No.of nucleii in mammalian erythrocytes a) diaphragm b) errector pili
a) one b) many c) trapezius muscle d) gluteus maximus
c) two d) nil 3. The number of facial bones are
18. Cork tissue observed in compound microscope a) 26 b) 25 c) 14 d) 22
a) Galileo b) Robert Hooke 4. The cervical vertebra supporting the head is
c) Leeuwenhoek d) Janssen a) axis b) atlas
19. Tissues infiltrated with molten paraffinwax during c) sacral d) lumbar
a) staining b) dehydration 5. The broadest muscles are named as
c) embedding d) fixation a) deltoid b) gracilis
20. The term mitochondria was coined by c) longus d) lattismus
a) Kolliker b) Robertson 6. The major breathing movement is due to
c) Benda d) Singer a) scalene b) thoracic
21. Palade described ................ . c) diaphragm d) intercostals
a) Mitochondria b) Golgi 7. The largest salivary glands are
c) Nucleus d) Ribosomes a) parotid b)submandibular glands

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c) sublingual glands d) labial glands 3. Give an account of the muscles of the lower limb
8. Length of duodenum in human alimentary canal 4. Give description of the human liver
a) 8 cm b) 1.8 m 5. Describe the paired and unpaired cartitages of
c) 9 cm d) 25 cm larynx
9. Breathing process can be interfered with due to 6. Write notes on portal circulation
a) closure of the ileo-colic valve 7. Give on account of the thymus
b) enlargement of the tonsil 8. What is the structure of a peripheral nerve ?
c) closure of pyloric sphinctes 9. Explain the organization of the lacrimal apparatus
d) vibration of the vocal cord in human eye
10. Reduction in blood pressure may cause due to 10. Describe the endocrine nature of the pancreas
a) distributing vessels b) resistance vessel 11. Provide the structure of human kidney
c) exchange vessels d) reservoir vessels 12. Give an account of corpus luteum
11. Vaso-dilation and vaso-constriction caused by PART D
a) tunica intima b) exchange vessels 1. Write an essay on the structure and organization
c) tunica media d) tunica adventitia of the axial skeleton in human beings.
12. Wall of blood vessels are supplied with blood by 2. Give an account of the organs of digestion in the
a) vasa nervosum b) exchange vessels buccal cavity
c) vasa vasorum d) capacitance vessels 3. Write on structure and types of blood vessels
13. Spleen is located on the left side of 4. Provide description of anatomy of human brain
a) the abdominal cavity b) the thoracic cavity 5. Give the structural organization of the hypophysis
c) the lung d) the kidney 6. Write an essay on the human male primary sex
14. The synapses are formed between organs and associated structures.
a) nerves and muscles b) nerve tissues GENETICS
c) capillaries d) organs PART A
15. The cerebral hemispheres are connected by a 1. ABO blood group in man is an example for
sheet of nerve fibres calle a) Pleiotropism b) multiple allelism
a) corpora quadrigemina b) choroid plexus c) x - linked inheritance d)y linked inheritance
c) corpus callossum d) cauda equina 2. Rh. factor in blood was discovered by
The interoccular pressure is maintained by a) Galton b) Davenport

a) aqueous humor b) vitreous humor c) Landsteiner and Wiener d) Clarence Mc clung
c) cerebro spinal fluid d) lymph fluid 3. Type of sex determination in moths and butterflies
17. Hypophysis is connected with the brain through a) xx - xo type b) xx - xy type
a) pars tuberalis b) adeno hypophysis c) zo - zz type d) zw - zz type
c) hypothalamus d) pars distalis 4. XDefineA ratio in super females is
18. The average weight of human thyroid gland is a) 1.5 b) 1.0
a) 10 gms b) 20 gms c) 0.6 d) 0.5
c) 500 gms d) 20 kg 5. Holandric genes occur exclusively on
19. The inner layer of membrane lining the uterus is a) x - chromosomes b) y - chromosomes
a) perimetrium b) myometrium c) autosomes d) both x and y chromosomes
c) endo metrium d) serous layer 6. Person with blood group said universal donor.
PART B a) A b) B c) AB d) O
1. What is keratinization ? 7. Person with blood group said universal recipient.
2. What are floating ribs ? a) B b) A c) AB d) O
3. What is a synovial joint ? 8. Rh factor was initially discovered in ............... .
4. Differentiate skeletal and visceral muscles. a) human b) rabbit
5. Name the kissing muscles c) monkey d) drosophil
6. Provide the human dental formula 9. Genic balance mechanism sex discovered by.
7. What is carina ? a) Johansen b) C.B. Bridges
8. Provide the root of systemic circulation c) Mendel d) Darwin
9. What is the role of B-lymphocytes ? PART B
10. What is a neuromuscular junction ? 1. What are multiply alleles ?
11. What is choroid plexuses ? 2. Provide genotypes for himalayan albino rabbits
12. What is melbomian gland ? 3. Mention the possible genotypes of the offsprings
13. What is Rathke’s pouch ? if the parental blood groups B and B.
14. What are podocytes ? 4. What is the cause for the death of a child in
15. What is the role of prostate glands ? erythroblastosis fetalis?
PART C 5. What was the opinion of biometricians in genetics
1. Give an account of the nail and its structure 6. Who are mulattoes?
2. Describe the structure of typical human vertebra 7. What is Hermaphroditism?

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8. What is arrhenotokus parthenogenesis? 5. What are the ectodermal and endodermal

9. What are holandric genes. derivatives in the organogenesis of frog embryo
1. What will be the nature of the F2 progency, if a 1. Provide a detailed account on the types of eggs.
coloured rabbit is crossed with an albino? 2. Give an account on the cleavage of fertilized egg.
2. Discuss how ‘O’ blood group is considered as an 3. Describe how the process of gastrulation occurs in
universal donor. the egg of an amphibian
3. What is erythroblastosis fetalis? 4. Describe structural organisation in frog neurula
4. Write notes on quantitative inheritance. ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY
5. Provide an account on turner’s syndrome and PART A
klinefelter’s syndrome. 1. Reef forming corals normally grow in
6. Describe process of sex determination in Bonellia a) cold waters b) deep seas
PART D c) shallow, tropical seas d) muddy water
1. Give ABO blood groups in human beings. 2. The Great Barrier reef occurs in
2. Explain genic balance mechanism of sex a) Gulf of kutch b) Carribean islands
determination. c) Andaman islands d) coast of Australia
3. What is sex - linked inheritance ? Give an account 3. Earthworm employed in Indian vermiculture is
of x - linked inheritance in Droosophila. a) Lampito mauritii b) Apis indica
DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY c) Penaeus indicus d) Pinctada fucata
PART A 4. Degrades of organic matter by worm activity
1. The process of spermiogenesis involves a) lac b) isinglass
a) production of sperms c) vermicompost d) guano
b)differentiation of spermatids into spermatozoa 5. Honey bee used in bee-keeping industry is
c) formation of testis d)nucleus a) Apis dorsata b) Apis florea
differentiation c) Apis indica d) all the above
2. Centrolecithal eggs are produced by 6. The silk produced by Bombyx mori is
a) frog b) human beings a) tasar silk b) muga silk
c) reptiles d) insects c) arandi silk d) mulberry silk
Discoidal cleavage is seen in the eggs of The predatory insects are said to be

3. 7.
a) birds b) amphibians a) entomophagous b) larvivorous
c) insects d) amphioxus c) parasitic d) pests
4. Sach’s law is related to 8. Organization involved in pearl oyster culture
a) gametogenesis b) cleavage a) CIBA b) CMFRI
c) gastrulation d) organogenesis c) NIO d) MPEDA
5. The cavity formed in a gastrula is called as 9. Common freshwater prawn used in aquaculture is
a) gastrocoel b) blastocoel a) Macrobrachium sp b) Metapenaeus sp
6. Regarded as founder of science of embryology. c) Penaeus sp d) Panulirus sp
a) Hertwig b) Haeckel 10. The name Kal Eral in Tamil refers to
c) Aristotle d) Wilson a) Prawns b) crabs
7. Haploid in nature. c) a fish d) lobsters
a) spermatids b) spermatocytes 11. The fish Stromateus argenteus is popularly called
c) 2ry spermatocytes d) spermatogonia a) guppy b) pomfret
PART B c) gold fish d) angel fish
1. Provide various stages in embryology of animals 12. Which part of the body in fish provides isinglass
2. Why do we consider aristotle as the founder of the a) skin b) liver
science of embryology c) air bladder d) bone
3. What are the several diversified fields formed 13. Economically benefitted by bird excreta
from modern embryology. a) USA b) Peru
4. What are microlecithal eggs? c) Australia d) West Indies
5. What is a morula? 14. Idea aquarium maintenance first conceived by
6. Define meridional cleavage. a) Chinese b) Japanese
7. Mention Balfour’s law regarding cleavage c) Red Indians d) Africans
8. What is a ‘fate map’ ? 15. Nandankanan Biological park is situated in
9. What is involution ? a) Delhi b) Orissa
PART C c) Bihar d) Assam
1. Give an account of the megalecithal egg. 16. The preumonic plague affects
2. What is a centrolecithal egg. a) liver b) brain
3. Provide a general account on cleavage. c) lymph glands d) lungs
4. What is sach’s law? 17. best time to have blood test for filariasis

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a) morning b) evening a) age of mammals b) age of fishes

c) noon d) mid-night c) golden age of reptiles d) cradle ancient life
18. The characteristic feature of tail in sea snake is 5. The first vertebrates were included in the group
a) round b) pointed a) Amphibia b) Agnatha
c) compressed d) cylindrical c) Carinata d) Aves
19. Ophiophagus hannah refers to 6. The duration of cenozoic era was
a) Indian cobra b) King cobra a) 210 - 65m years ago b) 65m year to till date
c) Russell’s viper d) Sea snake c) 600 -440 m years ago d) 210m year -till date
20. The silver fishes commonly live among 7. Coal and petroleum obtained from forests of
a) rocks b) algae a) Devonian period b) Mesozoic era
c) other fishes d) old books c) Cretaceous d) Tertiary period
PART B 8. The earliest ancestor of horses were
1. What is a fringing reef ? a) Eohippus b) Equus
2. Mention the use of vermicompost. c) Seymouria d) Dinosaurs
3. How are insects useful to flowering plants in 9. Fossils of woolly mammoths were obtained from
reproduction ? a) Siberia b) Sahara
4. Name any two edible crabs. c) Europe d) Bavaria
5. Provide the names of one live bearer and one egg 10. Early ancestor of horses
layer from among the orna- a) Dinosaurs b) Seymouria
6. mental fishes. c) Archaeopteryx d) Hyracotherium
7. Provide the names of zoos in the states of 11. Era is called Age of Mammals.
Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh a) Mesozoic b) Palaeozoic
8. Name types of venom released by poison snakes c) Coenozoic d) Azoic
9. Provide atleast one major role of CMFRI. 12. Oldest land plant originated in Period.
10. Name any two cultivable animals. a) Ordovician b) Silurian
11. What is Corallum rubrum ? c) Devonian d) Permian
PART C 13. Epoch is called ice age.
1. What is Biological control ? Explain with an a) Eocene b) Oligocene
example. c) Miocene d) Pleistocene


Provide an account on Indian prawns of
commercial importance.
Give an account of cultured pearls.
Write notes on omega fatty acids.
What is guano ? comment on its economic

Birds originated in the period
a) Triassic
c) Permian
b) Jurassic
d) Devonion

What was the nature of the primordial earth

importance. according to J.B.S Haldane ?
6. Write notes on Xenopsylla cheopis 2. Why do we call the palaeozoic era as the cradle of
7. Give an account on fouling organism. ancient life.
8. Draw and label the poison apparatus in a snake. 3. What was Archceopteryx ?
PART D 4. What is ‘ice age’ ?
1. Give an account of insects and insect products of 5. What is dating of fossils ?
commercial importance. 6. What is the significance of seymouria ?
2. What are the nutritive values of fishes. 7. What is Mac Author’s law ?
3. Give a detailed account on setting up an aquarium 8. What is precambrian period ?
and maintaining the same. PART C
4. Write an essay on insect pests of stored products 1. What is abiogenesis ?
and household goods. 2. Give an account of Urey-Miller hypothesis.
ORIGIN OF LIFE 3. What is the evolutionary significance of fossils?
PART A 4. Give an account of the significant events of the
1. Resistant spores led to origin of life earth named Palaeozoic era.
a) protozoans b) cosmozoa 5. Give an account of various epochs included in
c) viruses d) bacteria Cenozoic era.
2. The proposal that living forms are animated forms PART D
of non-living matter was provided by 1. Give an account of the Mesozoic era.
a) Empedocles b) Thales 2. What is mass extinetion ? Provide the causes for
c) Lamarck d) Aristotle such extinctions.
3. The protocell model was formed of 3. Write on fossils and methods of fossilization.
a) coacervates b) proteins
c) ozone d) methane
4. Mesozoic era is commonly refered to as

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