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Technical guide for contractors

Reversible air to water heat pump

SupraEco A SAO-2/SAO-2 HT

SAO 60-2 | 80-2 | 110-2 | 140-2


SAO 90-2 HT | 150-2 HT

Output range from 6 kW to 13 kW


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2 | Table of Contents

Table of Contents

3.5.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21


1 Junkersair to water heat pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.5.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
1.1 Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.6 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact
1.2 Product overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 unit ACB ..., wall mounted gas condensing
boiler, SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, buffer cylinder
PSW ...-5 and 2 mixed heating/cooling
2 Basic principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
2.1 Operating principle of heat pumps . . . . . . . 8
3.6.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.2 Efficiency, coefficient of performance
3.6.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
and seasonal performance factor . . . . . . 10
3.6.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.2.1 Efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.7 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT,
2.2.2 Coefficient of performance . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
CombiModule ACM 185 solar, PSW ...-5
2.2.3 Example for calculating the coefficient of
buffer cylinder, solar DHW heating,
performance based on the temperature
1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/
differential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
cooling circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
2.2.4 Comparison of COPs for various heat
3.7.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
pumps according to DIN-EN 14511 . . . . . 11
3.7.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.2.5 Comparison of different heat pumps
3.7.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
according to DIN-EN 14825 . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.8 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT,
2.2.6 Seasonal performance factor . . . . . . . . . . 11
CombiModule ACM 185 solar, solar
2.2.7 Expenditure factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed
2.2.8 Consequences for system planning . . . . . 11
heating/cooling circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
3.8.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3 System examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.8.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.1 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, 3.8.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
CombiModule ACM 185, buffer cylinders 3.9 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT,
PSW ...-5 and 2 mixed heating/cooling compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 buffer
circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 cylinder, DHW cylinder SW ...-1, 1 non-mixed
3.1.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 heating/cooling circuit and swimming pool
3.1.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
3.1.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.9.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.2 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, 3.9.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
CombiModule ACM 185 and 1 non-mixed 3.9.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit . . . . 14 3.10 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact
3.2.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 S solar buffer cylinder,
3.2.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FWST-2 freshwater station, solar DHW
3.2.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 heating with heating support and 2 mixed
3.3 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, heating circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 buffer 3.10.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
cylinder, SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, 3.10.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating circuit . 16 3.10.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.3.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.11 Cerapur ZSB ...-4, SupraEco A SAO ...-2/
3.3.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACB ..., PSW ...-
3.3.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 5 S solar buffer cylinder, FWST-2 freshwater
3.4 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, station, solar DHW heating and heating
compact unit ACE ..., SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, support and 2 mixed heating circuits . . . .34
1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling 3.11.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.11.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.4.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.11.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.4.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.12 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact
3.4.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 S solar buffer cylinder,
3.5 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact FWST-2 freshwater station and 2 mixed
unit ACB ..., wall mounted gas condensing heating circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
boiler, SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, 1 non-mixed 3.12.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit . . . . 20 3.12.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3.5.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.12.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

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3.13 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, 4.3.4 Additional output for blocking times
compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 buffer imposed by the energy supplier . . . . . . . 54
cylinder, SWE ...-5 solar DHW heating, 4.4 Design for cooling mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
solar DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed 4.5 Design of heat pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
heating/cooling circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 4.5.1 Mode of operation with single energy
3.13.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
3.13.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 4.5.2 Dual-fuel mode of operation . . . . . . . . . . 58
3.13.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 4.5.3 Heat Insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
3.14 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact 4.5.4 Expansion vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
unit ACE ..., SWE ...-5 solar DHW cylinder, 4.6 Swimming pool heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
solar DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 4.7 Setting up the SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT
1 mixed heating/cooling circuit . . . . . . . . 41 air to water heat pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.14.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 4.7.1 Installation location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.14.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 4.7.2 Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
3.14.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 4.7.3 Set-up of the foundation with drainage . . 67
3.15 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, 4.7.4 Condensate hose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
compact unit ACB ..., Cerapur ZSB ...-4, 4.7.5 Earthwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
SWE ...-5 solar DHW cylinder, solar DHW 4.7.6 Electrical connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed 4.7.7 Air discharge and air intake side . . . . . . . 68
heating/cooling circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 4.7.8 Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
3.15.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 4.7.9 Pipe connections to the heating
3.15.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
3.15.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 4.7.10 Heating water connection . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
3.16 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, 4.8 Setup of heat pump compact unit
compact unit ACE ..., P ...-5 S buffer cylinder, (ACE/ACB/ACM/ACM-solar) . . . . . . . . . . 71
FWST-2 freshwater station, 1 non-mixed 4.9 Sound insulation requirements . . . . . . . . 71
and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit . . . . . 46 4.9.1 Technical principles of sound and
3.16.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
3.16.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 4.9.2 Limits for sound emissions inside and
3.16.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 outside buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
3.17 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, 4.9.3 Influence of installation location on the
compact unit ACB ..., Cerapur ZSB ...-4, P ...- sound and vibration emissions of heat
5 S buffer cylinder, FWST-2 freshwater pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
station, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed 4.10 Water treatment and characteristics –
heating/cooling circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 avoiding damage to DHW heating
3.17.1 Area of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
3.17.2 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 4.11 Annual refrigerant inspection obligation . 75
3.17.3 Function description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 4.12 Determining the DHW heating demand . . 76
4.12.1 Definition of small and large systems . . . 76
4.12.2 Requirement for potable water heater . . . 76
4 Planning and design of heat pumps . . . . . . . . . 51 4.12.3 DHW circulation lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
4.1 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.2 Heating system minimum volume and
operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 5 Heat pump system components . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
4.2.1 Only underfloor heating circuit without 5.1 SupraEco SAO ...-2 heat pump . . . . . . . . . 77
buffer cylinder, without mixer . . . . . . . . . 52 5.1.1 Scope of delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
4.2.2 Only the radiator circuit without a buffer 5.1.2 Appliance overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
cylinder or mixer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 5.1.3 Dimensions and connections . . . . . . . . . . 79
4.2.3 Heating system with one non-mixed 5.1.4 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
heating circuit and one mixed heating 5.1.5 Product data for energy consumption
circuit without buffer cylinder . . . . . . . . . 52 SupraEco A SAO ...-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
4.2.4 Only mixed heating (also applies to 5.1.6 Output curves SAO ...-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
heating circuits with fan convectors) . . . . 52 5.2 SupraEco SAO ...-2 HT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.3 Determining the building heat load 5.2.1 Scope of delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
(heat energy demand) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 5.2.2 Appliance overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.3.1 Existing buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 5.2.3 Dimensions and connections . . . . . . . . . . 90
4.3.2 New buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 5.2.4 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
4.3.3 Additional output for DHW heating . . . . . 53 5.2.5 Product data for energy consumption
SupraEco A SAO ...-2 HT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

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5.2.6 Output curves SAO ...-2 HT . . . . . . . . . . . . 93


5.3 ACB/ACE/ACM/ACM-solar heat pump 6 Function modules for expansion of
compact unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 control system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
5.3.1 Scope of delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 6.1 MM100 heating circuit module . . . . . . . 131
5.3.2 Appliance overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 6.2 MM200 mixer module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
5.3.3 Dimensions and connections . . . . . . . . . . 98 6.3 Solar module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
5.3.4 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 6.3.1 MS 100 solar module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
5.4 Operating range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 6.3.2 MS 200 solar module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
5.5 Power connection SAO ...-2 . . . . . . . . . . 106 6.4 Swimming pool module MP 100 . . . . . . 143
5.5.1 1-phase SAO 60-2/ SAO 80-2 heat pump
and 3-phase integral electric booster
7 DHW heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
7.1 Information on cylinders for heat pumps 145
5.5.2 3-phase SAO 110-2/ SAO 140-2 heat
7.1.1 Heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
pump and 3-phase integral electric
7.1.2 Flow limiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
booster heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
7.1.3 Thermal disinfection (circuit) . . . . . . . . 145
5.5.3 Wiring diagram for installation module,
7.1.4 DHW circulation pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
integral electric booster heater . . . . . . . 108
7.1.5 Cylinder sizing in single-family homes . . 146
5.5.4 CAN-BUS and EMS – overview . . . . . . . . 109
7.1.6 Cylinder sizing in apartment buildings . 146
5.5.5 Heat pump compact unit with mixer
7.2 DHW cylinders SW 290-1,
for dual-fuel operation – overview
SW 370-1, SW 400-1 and SW 450-1 . . . .146
CAN-BUS and EMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
7.2.1 Description and scope of delivery . . . . . 146
5.5.6 1-phase heat pump and external booster
7.2.2 Physical and connection dimensions . . . 147
heater (heater rod) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
7.2.3 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
5.5.7 3-phase heat pump and external booster
7.3 Dual-fuel cylinder SWE 400-5 solar
heater (heater rod) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
and SWE 500-5 solar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
5.5.8 Wiring diagram for installation module
7.3.1 Description and scope of delivery . . . . . 150
for dual-fuel heat pump compact unit . . 113
7.3.2 Physical and connection dimensions . . . 150
5.5.9 Wiring diagram for installation module,
7.3.3 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
start/stop of external booster heater . . 114
7.3.4 Product data for energy consumption SWE
5.5.10 Wiring diagram for heat pump compact
400-5 solar C/ SWE 500-5 solar C and SWE
unit, alarm for external booster heater . 115
400-5 solar B/ SWE 500-5 solar B . . . . .152
5.6 SAO ...-2 HT power connection . . . . . . . . 116
5.6.1 1-phase SAO 90-2 HT heat pump and
3-phase integral electric booster heater 116 8 Buffer cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
5.6.2 3-phase SAO 150-2 HT heat pump and 8.1 Buffer cylinder PSWK 50 . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
3-phase integral electric booster heater 117 8.1.1 Equipment overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
5.6.3 Wiring diagram for installation module, 8.1.2 Physical and connection dimensions . . . 154
integral electric booster heater ACE . . . 118 8.1.3 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
5.6.4 Alternative installation 3-way valve . . . . . 119 8.2 PSW 120/200/300/500-5 buffer cylinder 155
5.6.5 CAN-BUS and EMS – overview . . . . . . . . 120 8.3 Buffer cylinder PSW 750/1000-5 S solar 158
5.6.6 Indoor unit for dual-fuel operation – 8.4 Freshwater stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
overview CAN-BUS and EMS . . . . . . . . . 121 8.4.1 Dimensions and specifications for
5.6.7 Heat pump and external booster heater freshwater station FWST-2 . . . . . . . . . . .160
(wall mounted boiler) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 8.4.2 Dimensions and specifications for
5.6.8 Wiring diagram for installation module TF 27-3 freshwater station . . . . . . . . . . .162
for dual-fuel indoor unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
5.6.9 Wiring diagram for installation module,
start/stop of wall mounted boiler . . . . . 124 9 Bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
5.6.10 Wiring diagram for indoor unit, alarm
for floor standing boiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
10 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
5.7 Heat pump management . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
10.1 Regulations and standards . . . . . . . . . . 167
5.7.1 Control system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
10.2 Energy efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
5.7.2 HPC 400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
10.3 Safety precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
5.7.3 PV function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
10.3.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
5.7.4 Smart grid function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
10.3.2 Information on DHW cylinders for
5.7.5 App function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
heat pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
5.8 CR 10/CR 10 H remote control . . . . . . . . 130
10.4 Required trades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
10.5 Conversion tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171

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10.5.1 Energy units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 171


10.5.2 Units of demand . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 171
10.6 Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 171
10.7 Energy content of various fuels ....... 171
10.8 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 172
10.9 Declaration of Conformity . . . . ....... 174
10.10 Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 176

Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

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6 | Junkersair to water heat pumps

1 Junkersair to water heat pumps


1.1 Features and benefits Tested quality
Germany is one of the leading nations in climate Junkers air to water heat pumps satisfy the quality
protection. The obligations ensuing from the Kyoto requirements of the EHPA quality seal and guarantee
Protocol have been met. efficient annual performance figures.
However, this is no reason to rest on our laurels. We are
still a long way from achieving the medium-term climate
targets. The choice of heating system, therefore, is also
a decisive factor in reaching these goals. Industry
studies are expecting the heat pump to benefit over the
long term.
Particularly in modernisation projects, the air to water
heat pump is setting a positive tone thanks to flexible
installation options and increasingly efficient
appliances.
Reassuringly safe
• Junkers air to water heat pumps satisfy the Bosch
quality requirements for outstanding functionality and
service life.
• The appliances are inspected and tested at the
factory. 6 720 817 675-47.1T

• Hotline for all questions Fig. 1 EHPA quality seal


• Security of a well established brand: spare parts and
service, also 15 years time Subsidies
• 5-year system warranty • Those who invest in new heating technology save
valuable heating energy year after year. You can also
Highly ecological benefit from grants or development loans for
• When the heat pump is in operation, roughly 75 % of environmentally-friendly heating systems.
the heat energy is regenerative, and when using • An overview of the financial advantages and
“green energy” (wind, water, solar energy) rhis value potentials can be found at: www.junkers.com.
amounts up to 100 %.
• No emissions during operation Seasonal performance factor and sound level
• Highly rated by the German Energy Savings Order calculators (online applications)
(EneV). • The efficiency of Junkers SupraEco A heat pumps can
be determined using the seasonal performance factor
Fully independent and future-proof calculator (JAZ calculator).
• Independently of oil and gas • The sound level calculator can be used to calculate
• Unaffected by price development of oil and gas the noise emissions in rooms requiring protection
• CO2 savings (significant emission zones) on neighbouring sites or
the required distance from the heat pump.
Extremely economical
• Calculators offered by the Federal Heat Pump
• Up to 50 % lower operating costs compared to oil or
Association (BWP) can be found at:
gas
www.waermepumpe.de.
• Low-maintenance, long-lasting technology with
sealed unvented circuits 1.2 Product overview
• Exceptionally low running costs; no costs e.g. for There are 6 output ratings to choose from:
burner maintenance, filter change and flue gas • SupraEco ASAO 60-2
inspector • SupraEco ASAO 80-2
• fireplaceNo investment in boiler room and fireplace • SupraEco ASAO 90-2 HT
required
• SupraEco ASAO 110-2
• No (financial) expenditure for drilling, which is for
• SupraEco ASAO 140-2
example required with liquid to water heat pumps
• SupraEco ASAO 150-2 HT
and water to water heat pumps.
Every power rating is available in 4 equipment versions:
Straightforward and unproblematic • ACE: Single energy source
• No approval by environmental protection agencies is • ACB: Dual-fuel
required
• ACM: Single energy source with integrated domestic
• No particular requirements in relation to plot size hot water cylinder
• The foundation for the outdoor unit must be laid and • ACM solar: Single energy source with integrated solar
a trench for the supply lines must be excavated on- domestic hot water cylinder
site.

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Junkersair to water heat pumps | 7

Type Energy efficiency Energy efficiency Type Energy efficiency


at 55 °C at 35 °C at 55 °C
ACE: Single energy source ACM: Single energy source with integrated domestic
SupraEco A hot water cylinder
SAO 60-2 ACE SupraEco A

SupraEco A
SAO 60-2 ACM A
SAO 80-2 ACE SupraEco A

SupraEco A
SAO 80-2 ACM A
SAO 110-2 ACE SupraEco A

SupraEco A
SAO 110-2 ACM A
SAO 140-2 ACE SupraEco A

SupraEco A
SAO 140-2 ACM A
SAO 90-2 HT SupraEco A
ACE SAO 90-2 HT
ACM
A
SupraEco A
SAO 150-2 HT SupraEco A
ACE SAO 150-2 HT
ACM
A
ACB: Dual-fuel operation
SupraEco A ACM solar: Single energy source with integrated
SAO 60-2 ACB solar domestic hot water cylinder
SupraEco A
SupraEco A
SAO 80-2 ACB
SAO 60-2
ACM solar
A
SupraEco A
SupraEco A
SAO 110-2 ACB
SAO 80-2
ACM solar
A
SupraEco A SupraEco A
SAO 140-2 ACB SAO 110-2
ACM solar
A
SupraEco A SupraEco A
SAO 90-2 HT
ACB
SAO 140-2
ACM solar
A
SupraEco A SupraEco A
SAO 150-2 HT
ACB
SAO 90-2 HT
ACM solar
A
Table 1 SAO 60-2 ... 140-2 ACE, SAO 90-2 ... 150-2 HT SupraEco A
ACE, SAO 60-2 ...140-2 ACB and SAO 90-2 ...
150-2 HT ACB
SAO 150-2 HT
ACM solar
A
Table 2 SAO 60-2 ... 140-2 ACM, SAO 90-2 ... 150-2 HT
ACM, SAO 60-2 ... 140-2 ACM solar and
SAO 90-2 ... 150-2 HT ACM solar

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8 | Basic principles

2 Basic principles
2.1 Operating principle of heat pumps Heating with ambient heat
Around a quarter of the total energy consumption in A heat pump allows ambient heat from the earth, air or
Germany is accounted for private households. Around groundwater to be used for heating and DHW heating.
three quarters of the energy in one household is used to
Operating principle
heat rooms. Bearing this in mind, it is clear where
Heat pumps operate according to the tried-and-tested
measures to save energy and reduce CO2 emissions can
and trusted “fridge principle”. A fridge absorbs the heat
make a real difference. It follows therefore that thermal
from the food being cooled and transfers it to the
insulation, e.g. better insulation, modern windows and
ambient air at the back of the fridge. A heat pump
an economical, environmentally-friendly heating system
absorbs heat from the environment and transfers it to
can achieve good results.
the heating system.
5 6 This process utilises the fact that heat always flows from
4 the “heat source” to the “heat sink” (from hot to cold) in
3 the same way as a river always flows downhill (from the
2 “source” to the “destination”).
The heat pump utilises (as does the fridge) the natural
flow direction from hot to cold in a sealed unvented
refrigerant circuit by means of an evaporator,
compressor, condenser and expansion valve. During this
process, the heat pump “pumps” heat from the
environment to a higher temperature level which can be
used for heating.
1 6 720 645 211-33.2T
The evaporator [1] contains a liquid working medium
Fig. 2 Energy consumption in private households with an extremely low boiling point (also referred to as
[1] Heating 78 % a refrigerant). The refrigerant has a lower temperature
[2] Domestic hot water 11 % than the heat source (e.g. earth, water, air) and a low
[3] Other appliances 4,5 % pressure. The heat therefore flows from the heat source
[4] Cooling, freezing 3 % to the refrigerant. The refrigerant then heats up to its
[5] Washing, cooking, washing up boiling point, evaporates and is drawn in by the
[6] Light 1 % compressor.
A heat pump draws most of the heat energy it produces An inverter supplies power to the compressor [2] and
from the environment and only a small part is supplied controls it. The compressor speed is therefore always
as work energy. The efficiency of the heat pump adapted to the requirements. When the compressor
(coefficient of performance) is between 3 and 6, and starts, a high starting torque with a simultaneous low
between 3 and 4.5 in case of an air to water heat pump. starting current is ensured. The compressor compresses
Heat pumps are therefore ideal for energy-efficient and the evaporated (gaseous) refrigerant to a high pressure.
environmentally-friendly heating. The temperature of the gaseous refrigerant increases
further. The drive energy of the compressor is also
converted to heat which is transferred to the refrigerant.
1 2 The temperature of the refrigerant therefore gets higher
and higher until it exceeds the temperature required by
the heating system for heating and DHW heating. Once
the refrigerant has reached a specific pressure and
temperature, it flows onwards to the condenser.
In the condenser[3] the hot, gaseous refrigerant
transfers the heat absorbed from the environment (heat
5 source) and from the drive energy of the compressor to
the colder heating system (heat sink). During this
process its temperature falls below the condensation
point and it reverts to liquid. The refrigerant which is
now liquid but still under high pressure flows to the
4 3 6 720 811 620-26.2T expansion valve.
Fig. 3 Temperature flow, air to water heat pump The two electronically-actuated expansion valves [4]
(example) ensure that the refrigerant is depressurised back to its
[1] Air 0 °C initial pressure before it flows back to the evaporator
[2] Air –5 °C and absorbs heat from the environment once again.
[3] Heating flow 35 °C
[4] Heating return 28 °C
[5] Drive power

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Basic principles | 9

Schematic diagram showing the operating principle of a heat pump system

75 % 100 %
25 %

+2 °C 1 –2 °C +27 °C +35 °C
2 3
0 °C 88 °C

–4,5 °C 50 °C
4
4
6 720 811 620-04.2T

Fig. 4 Schematic diagram showing the refrigerant circuit in a heat pump system (example)
[1] Evaporator
[2] Compressor
[3] Condenser
[4] Expansion valve

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10 | Basic principles

2.2 Efficiency, coefficient of performance and seasonal performance factor


2.2.1 Efficiency 2.2.3 Example for calculating the coefficient of
The efficiency () is the ratio between the available performance based on the temperature
output and the consumed power. Under ideal differential
circumstances, the efficiency is 1. Technical processes The coefficient of performance is to be established for a
always involve some losses, hence the efficiency of heat pump supplying an underfloor heating system with
technical equipment is always below 1 ( < 1). a flow temperature of 35 °C and radiator heating system
with a flow temperature of 50 °C when the temperature
· of the heat source is 0 °C.
QN
 = ---------
-
P el Underfloor heating (1)
• T = 35 °C = (273 + 35) K = 308 K
F. 1 Formula for calculating the efficiency • T0 = 0 °C = (273 + 0) K = 273 K
 Efficiency • T = T – T0 = (308 – 273) K = 35 K
QN Transferred available output Calculation in accordance with formula 2:
Pel Supplied electrical output
Heat pumps draw a large proportion of the energy they T 308 K
 = 0,5  --------- = 0,5  -------------------- = 4,4
deliver from the environment. This portion of energy is T 35 K
not regarded as supplied energy, as it is free of charge.
If the efficiency is calculated under these conditions, it Radiator heating system (2)
would be > 1. As this would not be correct technically, • T = 50 °C = (273 + 50) K = 323 K
the coefficient of performance (COP) was introduced for • T0 = 0 °C = (273 + 0) K = 273 K
air to water heat pumps in order to describe the ratio • T = T – T0 = (323 – 273) K = 50 K
between available energy to consumed energy (in this Calculation in accordance with formula 2:
case the mere work energy). The coefficient of
performance for heat pumps lies between 3 and 6. T 323 K
 = 0,5  --------- = 0,5  -------------------- = 3,2
2.2.2 Coefficient of performance T 50 K
The coefficient of performance , also referred to as
COP, is a measured or calculated parameter for heat The example shows a 36 % higher
pumps under specified operating conditions, similar to coefficient of performance for the
the standardised fuel consumption for vehicles. underfloor heating system compared to the
radiator heating system.
The coefficient of performance  describes the ratio
The following rule of thumb is derived from
between the available heating energy to the electrical
this:
power consumed by the compressor.
1 °C less temperature rise = 2,5 % higher
The coefficient of performance that can be achieved by coefficient of performance
a heat pump depends on the difference in temperature
between the heat source and heat sink.
The following rule of thumb applies when calculating the COP
coefficient of performance in modern appliances based 9
on the temperature differential: 1 ΔT = 35 K, ε = 4,4
8
2 ΔT = 50 K, ε = 3,2
7
T T + T
 = 0,5  ------------------- = 0,5  ------------------------0- 6
T – T0 T
5
1
F. 2 Formula for calculating the coefficient of 4
performance based on temperature 2
3
T Absolute temperature of heat sink in K 2
T0 Absolute temperature of heat source in K
1
The following formula applies when performing the
0
calculation based on the ratio between the heat output 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
and the electrical power consumption: ΔT [K]
6 720 645 211-41.2K
·
QH Fig. 5 Coefficients of performance in accordance with
 = COP = ---------
-
P el example calculation
COP Coefficient of performance 
F. 3 Formula for calculating the coefficient of
T Temperature differential
performance based on electrical power
consumption
Pel Electrical power consumption in kW
QH Heat demand in kW

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Basic principles | 11

2.2.4 Comparison of COPs for various heat pumps VDI directive 4650 provides a method that makes it possible
according to DIN-EN 14511 to convert the coefficients of performance from test bench
DIN-EN 14511 specifies the conditions for determining measurements to the seasonal performance factor for real
the coefficient of performance, e.g. the type of heat operation under actual operating conditions.
source and the temperature of its heat transfer medium, The seasonal performance factor can be roughly calculated.
for the purpose of carrying out rough comparisons Thereby the type of heat pump and various correction
between different heat pumps. factors for the operating conditions are taken into account.
In the meantime, software-supported simulation
Brine1)/water2) Water to1)water2) Air to1)water2)
calculations can be used to calculate precise values.
[°C] [°C] [°C]
The following is a highly simplified method for
B0/W35 W10/W35 A7/W35
calculating the seasonal performance factor:
B0/W45 W10/W45 A2/W35
·
B5/W45 W15/W45 A-7/W35 Q wp
 = -------------
-
Table 3 Comparison of heat pumps according to W el
DIN-EN 14511 F. 4 Formula for calculating the seasonal performance
1) Heat source and temperature of heat transfer medium factor
2) Heat sink and appliance outlet temperature (heating flow)
 Seasonal performance factor
Qwp Quantity of heat produced by the heat pump
A Air system during a year in kWh
B Brine Wel Quantity of electrical energy used by the heat
W Water pump system in a year in kWh
In addition to the power consumption of the
2.2.7 Expenditure factor
compressor, the coefficient of performance according to
DIN-EN 14511 also takes the drive output of auxiliary In order to be able to energetically assess different
gensets, the proportional pump output of the brine heating technologies, also for heat pumps the so-called
pump or water pump, or the proportional fan output for expenditure factors e according to DIN V 4701-10, which
air to water heat pumps, into account. are used today, should be introduced.
Significant differences in coefficients of performance The expenditure factor for heat generation (eg) specifies
are also obtained in practise by differentiating between how much non-renewable energy a system requires in
appliances with a built-in pump and appliances without order to perform its function. In the case of a heat pump,
a built-in pump. It therefore only makes sense to directly the expenditure factor for heat generation is the inverse
compare heat pumps of the same type. of the seasonal performance factor:

The coefficients of performance specified 1 W el


e g = ---- = -------------
· -
for Junkers heat pumps (, COP) are based  Q wp
on the refrigerant circuit (without
proportional pump output) and also on the F. 5 Formula for calculating the expenditure factor for
calculation method of DIN-EN 14511 for heat generation
appliances with built-in pump.
 Seasonal performance factor
eg Expenditure factor for heat generation of the
2.2.5 Comparison of different heat pumps heat pump
according to DIN-EN 14825 Qwp Quantity of heat produced by the heat pump
DlN EN 14825, among other things, takes heat pumps system during a year in kWh
with electrically-powered compressors for heating and Wel Quantity of electrical energy consumed by the
cooling of rooms into account. The requirements for heat pump system during a year in kWh
testing and measuring the output under partial load
conditions and for calculating the seasonal coefficient of 2.2.8 Consequences for system planning
performance for heating and cooling are defined in this When planning the system, the coefficient of performance
standard (heating: SCOP = Seasonal Coefficient of and associated seasonal performance factor can be
Performance; cooling: SEER = Seasonal Energy positively influenced by skilfully selecting the appropriate
Efficiency Ratio). This is important in order to be able to heat source and heat distribution system:
make representative comparisons between modulating The smaller the difference between the flow
heat pumps during changing seasonal conditions. temperature and heat source temperature, the more
favourable the coefficient of performance will be.
2.2.6 Seasonal performance factor
The best coefficient of performance is obtained with the
As the coefficient of performance only provides a
heat source at high temperatures and the heat
snapshot which reflects the specific conditions that
distribution system at low flow temperatures.
apply in each case, the performance factor is stated in
Low flow temperatures are particularly easy to achieve
addition. This is normally stated as the seasonal
with area heating systems.
performance factor  and reflects the ratio between the
useful heat in total produced by the heat pump system When planning the system, a balance needs to be found
throughout the year and the electrical energy consumed between an effective mode of operation of the heat
by the system in the same period. pump system and the investment costs, i.e. the
expenditure required to design the system.

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12 | System examples

3 System examples
3.1 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, CombiModule ACM 185, buffer cylinders PSW ...-5 and
2 mixed heating/cooling circuits

CR 10 H CR 10 H
SEC 20 MM 100 MM 100 HPC 400
3 5 4 5 4 3
1 2

MC1 MC1
T T T T

TC1 TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1 M VC1

MK2

B
T1 PW2

VC0 M A
AB

T0

400V AC 400 /230 V AC

PSWK 50 ACM ..-185 SAO 60-2 / SAO 60-2 HT 6 720 810 669-01.3T

Fig. 6 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
[4] In the station or on the wall heat pump
[5] On the wall TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
ACM 185 Compact unit T0 Flow temperature sensor
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor T1 Outside temperature sensor
HPC 400 User interface VC0 Diverter valve
MC1 Temperature limiter VC1 3-way mixer
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5 Buffer cylinder
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO...-2/ SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SAO...-2 HT

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System examples | 13

3.1.1 Area of application DHW operation


• Single-family home • The DHW cylinder integrated into the compact unit
• Two-family home ACM is heated by the heat pump and supplies the
connected draw-off points with domestic hot water.
3.1.2 System components
• If the temperature at the cylinder temperature sensor
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A SAO ...- (in the ACM) falls below the set value, the compressor
2/SAO ...-2 HT starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
• Compact unit ACM with HPC 400 user interface temperature is reached.
• Bypass between flow and return via the valve VC0 • The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
• Buffer cylinder PSW ...-5 heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
• 2 mixed heating/cooling circuits, each with a CR 10 H as high as the temperature at the cylinder
remote control temperature sensor (TW1, integrated into the ACM).
This measure prevents the buffer cylinder from
3.1.3 Function description
cooling down when the heat pump starts and allows
Heat pump the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are
Cooling mode
operated from a single energy source, the heat
• The SupraEco SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump with
required for the heating system is generated by the
the PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder is suitable only for
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric
passive cooling through wall, underfloor or ceiling
booster heater integrated into the heat pump
heating, since this buffer is not designed to operate
compact unit ACM.
below the dew point.
Control and user interface • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
into the heat pump compact unit ACM and cannot be The minimum permissible flow temperature is
removed. calculated based on the room temperature and air
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ humidity.
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. • An energised contact for switching between heating
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
quantity measurement system. contact.
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and • A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
required to establish the connection with the heat undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating routing.
circuit module are connected to one another via a • Active cooling below the dew point is possible only
EMS-2-BUS cable. with a buffer cylinder equipped with diffusion-
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote resistant insulation.
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the Pumps
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
Heating mode output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The heat for heating circuit 1 is adjusted via the VC1 • The pump in the compact unit ACM is controlled via a
mixer with reference to the set temperature. A TC1 0...10 V signal.
flow temperature sensor is required to control the
Terminals
mixer.
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
• The heat for heating circuit 2 is likewise adjusted via
installation module:
the dedicated VC1 mixer with reference to the set
– the T0 and T1 temperature sensors, and the MK2
temperature. A TC1 flow temperature sensor is
condensation point sensor,
required to control the mixer.
– the external VC0 diverter valve
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect – the PW2 DHW circulation pump.
an underfloor heating system. • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit modules:
– components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the respective
heating/cooling circuit.

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14 | System examples

3.2 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, CombiModule ACM 185 and 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed
heating/cooling circuit
SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
3 5 5 4 3
2

MC1
T T T T

TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1

MK2

T1 PW2

T0

400V AC 400 /230 V AC

ACM ..-185 SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 602-01.4T

Fig. 7 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station
[4] In the station or on the wall Observe the requirements for operation
[5] On the wall without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
ACM 185 Compact unit
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor
HPC 400 User interface
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO...-2/
SAO...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
T0 Flow temperature sensor
T1 Outside temperature sensor
VC1 3-way mixer

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System examples | 15

3.2.1 Area of application DHW operation


• Single-family home • The DHW cylinder integrated into the compact unit
• Two-family home ACM is heated by the heat pump and supplies the
connected draw-off points with domestic hot water.
3.2.2 System components
• If the temperature at the cylinder temperature sensor
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A SAO ...- (in the ACM) falls below the set value, the compressor
2/SAO ...-2 HT starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
• Compact unit ACM with HPC 400 user interface temperature is reached.
• Bypass between flow and return • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
each with a CR 10 H remote control temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
3.2.3 Function description temperature at the DHW temperature sensor (in the
ACM). During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
Heat pump bypass of the safety assembly. The domestic hot
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are water diverter valve (in the ACM) then switches to
operated from a single energy source, the heat DHW operation and the heating circuit pumps are
required for the heating system is generated by the switched on again. This function allows the heat
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric pump to operate more efficiently.
booster heater integrated into the heat pump
Cooling mode
compact unit ACM.
• To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
Control and user interface remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated The minimum permissible flow temperature is
into the heat pump compact unit ACM and cannot be calculated based on the room temperature and air
removed. humidity.
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ • An energised contact for switching between heating
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat contact.
quantity measurement system. • A MK2 condensation point sensor is required at the
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and flow to the cooling circuits to prevent undercutting of
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is the dew point. Several condensation point sensors
required to establish the connection with the heat may be required, depending on the pipe routing.
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. • Cooling via an SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating requires the potentiometer default setting to be
circuit module are connected to one another via a retained.
EMS-2-BUS cable.
Pumps
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
• The pump in the compact unit ACM is controlled via a
Heating mode 0...10 V signal.
• A bypass (included in the ACM scope of delivery) is
Terminals
required between flow and return to separate the
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
generator and consumer circuits in order to guarantee
installation module:
the minimum flow rate at low take-off in the heating
circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can be used – the T0 and T1 temperature sensors, and the MK2
( Fig. 6). condensation point sensor,
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the – the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
dedicated VC1 mixer with reference to the set heating circuit pump of the 1st heating/cooling
temperature. A TC1 flow temperature sensor is circuit.
required to control the mixer. • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can also be circuit module:
installed at each heating circuit to protect an – components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating/
underfloor heating system. cooling circuit.

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16 | System examples

3.3 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder, SW ... -1
DHW cylinder, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating circuit
HPC 400 SEC 20 CR 10 CR 10 MM 100
3 3 5 5 4
2

MC1
T T T T

TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1

PW2 B
T1
VC0 M A
AB

B
VW1
M
A 400 V AC
TW1
AB
T0

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 PSWK 50 ACE ... SAO 60-2 / SAO 60-2 HT 6 720 810 605-01.3T

Fig. 8 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station VC0 Diverter value, flow short circuit
[4] In the station or on the wall VC1 3-way mixer
[5] On the wall VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster
heater
CR 10 Remote control
HPC 400 User interface
MC1 Temperature limiter
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5 Buffer cylinder
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO...-2/
SAO...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
SW ...-1 DHW cylinder
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
T0 Flow temperature sensor
T1 Outside temperature sensor

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System examples | 17

3.3.1 Area of application • The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
• Single-family home heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
• Two-family home as high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder
temperature sensor. This measure prevents the DHW
3.3.2 System components cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A SAO ...- starts and allows the heat pump to operate more
2/SAO ...-2 HT efficiently.
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface
Pumps
• Bypass between flow and return via VC0
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
• Buffer cylinder PSW ...-5
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
• DHW cylinderSW ...-1
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating circuit, each with a
• The pump in the compact unit ACE is controlled via a
CR 10 remote control
0...10 V signal.
3.3.3 Function description
Terminals
Heat pump • The following are connected to the SEC 20
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are installation module:
operated from a single energy source, the heat – the T0 and T1 temperature sensors, and the MK2
required for the heating system is generated by the condensation point sensor,
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric – the external VW1 diverter valve,
booster heater integrated into the heat pump – the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
compact unit ACE. heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit.
Control and user interface • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated circuit module:
into the compact unit ACE and cannot be removed. – components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating circuit.
circuits and the DHW heating.
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat
quantity measurement system.
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is
required to establish the connection with the heat
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating
circuit module are connected to one another via a
EMS-2-BUS cable.
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
Heating mode
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
the mixer.
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect
an underfloor heating system.
DHW operation
• The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump
and supplies the connected draw-off points with
domestic hot water.
• If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
temperature is reached.

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18 | System examples

3.4 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, 1 non-mixed
and 1 mixed heating/cooling system
HPC 400 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100
3 3 5 5 4
2

MC1
T T T T

TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1

PW2
T0 T1

B
VW1
M
A 400 V AC
TW1
AB MK2

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 603-01.3T

Fig. 9 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station VC1 3-way mixer
[4] In the station or on the wall VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
[5] On the wall
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster Observe the requirements for operation
heater without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
CR 10 Remote control
HPC 400 User interface
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO...-2/
SAO...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
SW ...-1 DHW cylinder
TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
T0 Flow temperature sensor
T1 Outside temperature sensor

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System examples | 19

3.4.1 Area of application DHW operation


• Single-family home • The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump
• Two-family home and supplies the connected draw-off points with
domestic hot water.
3.4.2 System components
• If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface temperature is reached.
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
return ( chapter 9) circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
• DHW cylinderSW ...-1 temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, temperature at the TW1 DHW temperature sensor.
each with a CR 10 H remote control During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
bypass of the safety assembly. The VW1 diverter valve
3.4.3 Function description
then switches to DHW operation and the heating
Heat pump circuit pumps are switched on again. This function
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
operated from a single energy source, the heat
Cooling mode
required for the heating system is generated by the
• When the cooling function is active, only a CR 10 may
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric
be used, not a CR 10 H remote control with air
booster heater integrated into the heat pump
humidity sensor. Otherwise, the cooling mode would
compact unit ACE.
be constantly interrupted by the air humidity sensor
Control and user interface of the remote control.
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 or CR
into the compact unit ACE and cannot be removed. 10 H remote control with air humidity sensor is
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating required. The minimum permissible flow temperature
circuits and the DHW heating. is calculated based on the room temperature and air
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat humidity.
quantity measurement system. • All pipes and connections must be suitably insulated
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and to prevent condensation in case of active cooling.
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is • An energised contact for switching between heating
required to establish the connection with the heat and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. contact.
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating • A MK2 condensation point sensor is required at the
circuit module are connected to one another via a flow to the cooling circuits to prevent undercutting of
EMS-2-BUS cable. the dew point. Several condensation point sensors
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote may be required, depending on the pipe routing.
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the • Cooling via an SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity requires the potentiometer default setting to be
sensor for monitoring the dew point. retained.

Heating mode Pumps


• A bypass is required between flow and return to • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
separate the generator and consumer circuits in order the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
to guarantee the minimum flow rate at low take-off in output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
the heating circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can • The pump in the compact unit ACE is controlled via a
be used ( Fig. 8). 0...10 V signal.
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
Terminals
dedicated VC1 mixer with reference to the set
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
temperature. A TC1 flow temperature sensor is
installation module:
required to control the mixer.
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
theMK2 condensation point sensor,
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect
an underfloor heating system. – the external VW1 diverter valve,
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit.
• The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit module:
– components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating
circuit.

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20 | System examples

3.5 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACB ..., wall mounted gas condensing boiler,
SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit

HT 4 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400


1 3 5 5 4 3
R 2

MC1
T T T T

TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1

PW2
T0 T1

B
M
A
TW1 VW1 AB MK2

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 ZSB...-4 ACB ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 606-01.3T

Fig. 10 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[1] In the heat source TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
[3] In the station T0 Flow temperature sensor
[4] In the station or on the wall T1 Outside temperature sensor
[5] On the wall VC1 3-way mixer
ACB ... Compact unit with mixing valve VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor ZSB ...-4 Cerapur wall mounted gas condensing
HPC 400 User interface boiler
HT 4 Control for wall mounted gas
condensing boiler Observe the requirements for operation
MC1 Temperature limiter without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
SW ...-1 DHW cylinder
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor

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System examples | 21

3.5.1 Area of application Heating mode


• Single-family home • A bypass is required between flow and return to
• Two-family home separate the generator and consumer circuits in order
to guarantee the minimum flow rate at low take-off in
3.5.2 System components the heating circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A also be used.
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT • The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
• Compact unit ACB with HPC 400 user interface dedicated VC1 mixer with reference to the set
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and temperature. A TC1 flow temperature sensor is
return ( chapter 9) required to control the mixer.
• ZSB ...-4 Cerapurwall mounted gas condensing boiler • A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
• DHW cylinderSW ...-1 in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, an underfloor heating system.
each with a CR 10 H remote control
DHW operation
3.5.3 Function description • The DHW heating is achieved via the heat pump and,
where necessary, via the second heat source.
Heat pump/wall mounted gas condensing boiler
• The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump
• With dual-fuel mode of operation, the heating energy
and supplies the connected draw-off points with
is produced by two different heat sources. The base-
domestic hot water.
load output is provided by the air to water heat pump.
The peak load is covered by the wall mounted gas • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
condensing boiler. This can be activated parallel or sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
alternative to the heat pump. starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
temperature is reached.
• The 3-way mixing valve in the heat pump compact unit
ACB ensures that the second heat source (or low loss • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
header) is passed by heating water only if necessary circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
and that the required heat is added to the heating temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
water. temperature at the TW1 DHW temperature sensor.
During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
• If the second heat source is not equipped with its own
bypass of the safety assembly. The VW1 diverter valve
heating pump, a low loss header and parallel buffer
then switches to DHW operation and the heating
cylinder must not be used.
circuit pumps are switched on again. This function
Control and user interface allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated • The wall mounted gas condensing boiler is used for
into the heat pump compact unit ACB and cannot be thermal disinfection of the DHW.
removed. • To protect against excessive return temperatures/
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating thermal circulation, a non-return valve is required
circuits and the DHW heating. between DHW cylinder and heat pump compact unit
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat ACB.
quantity measurement system.
Cooling mode
• The second heat source is switched on and off by the
• Cooling mode in dual-fuel systems is permitted only if
HPC 400 user interface via a relay (230 VAC, on-site).
the fan convectors are designed for operation above
The relay is connected to the “On/Off temperature
the dew point, and also only in combination with
controller” terminal of the second heat source.
humidity sensors.
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and
• The heat pump compact unit ACB and all pipes and
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is
connections must be suitably insulated to protect
required to establish the connection with the heat
against condensation.
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
• To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating
remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
circuit module are connected to one another via a
The minimum permissible flow temperature is
EMS-2-BUS cable.
calculated based on the room temperature and air
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote humidity.
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
• An energised contact for switching between heating
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
contact.
• A MK2 condensation point sensor is required at the
flow to the cooling circuits to prevent undercutting of
the dew point. Several condensation point sensors
may be required, depending on the pipe routing.
• Cooling via an SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump
requires the potentiometer default setting to be
retained.

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22 | System examples

Pumps
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The pump in the compact unit ACB is controlled via a
0...10 V signal.
Terminals
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
installation module:
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
theMK2 condensation point sensor,
– the external VW1 diverter valve,
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit,
– the wall mounted gas condensing boiler.
• The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit module:
– components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating
circuit.

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System examples | 23

3.6 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACB ..., wall mounted gas condensing boiler,
SW ... -1 DHW cylinder, buffer cylinder PSW ...-5 and 2 mixed heating/cooling circuits
CR 10 H CR 10 H
HT 4 SEC 20 MM 100 MM 100 HPC 400
1 3 5 4 5 4 3
R 1 2

MC1 MC1
T T T T

TC1 TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1 M VC1

B
PW2
VC0 M A T1
AB

T0
MK2
B
M
A
TW1 VW1
AB MK2

400 /230 V AC

PSW...-5 SW ...-1 ZSB...-4 ACB ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT


6 720 810 670-01.3T

Fig. 11 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[1] In the heat source TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
[3] In the station TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
[4] In the station or on the wall T0 Flow temperature sensor
[5] On the wall T1 Outside temperature sensor EV
ACB ... Compact unit with mixing valve TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor VC0 Diverter value, flow short circuit
HPC 400 User interface VC1 3-way mixer
HT 4 Control for wall mounted gas VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
condensing boiler ZSB ...-4 Cerapur wall mounted gas condensing
MC1 Temperature limiter boiler
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5 Buffer cylinder
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
SW ...-1 DHW cylinder

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24 | System examples

3.6.1 Area of application Heating mode


• Single-family home • The heat for the 1st heating circuit is adjusted via the
• Two-family home VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
flow temperature sensor TC1 is required to control
3.6.2 System components the mixer.
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A • The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT dedicated VC1 mixer with reference to the set
• Compact unit ACB with HPC 400 user interface temperature. A TC1 flow temperature sensor is
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and required to control the mixer.
return via VC0diverter valve. • A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
• ZSB ...-4 Cerapurwall mounted gas condensing boiler in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect
• DHW cylinderSW ...-1 an underfloor heating system.
• Buffer cylinder PSW ...-5
DHW operation
• 2 mixed heating/cooling circuits, each with a remote
• The DHW heating is achieved via the heat pump and,
control CR 10 H
where necessary, via the second heat source.
3.6.3 Function description • The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump
and supplies the connected draw-off points with
Heat pump/wall mounted gas condensing boiler
domestic hot water.
• With dual-fuel mode of operation, the heating energy
• If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
is produced by two different heat sources. The base-
sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
load output is provided by the air to water heat pump.
starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
The peak load is covered by the wall mounted gas
temperature is reached.
condensing boiler. This can be activated parallel or
alternative to the heat pump. • The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
• The 3-way mixing valve in the heat pump compact unit
as high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder
ACB ensures that the second heat source (or low loss
temperature sensor. This measure prevents the DHW
header) is passed by heating water only if necessary
cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump
and that the required heat is added to the heating
starts and allows the heat pump to operate more
water.
efficiently.
• If the second heat source is not equipped with its own
• The wall mounted gas condensing boiler is used for
heating pump, a low loss header and parallel buffer
thermal disinfection of the DHW.
cylinder must not be used.
• To protect against excessive return temperatures/
Control and user interface thermal circulation, a non-return valve is required
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated between DHW cylinder and heat pump compact unit
into the heat pump compact unit ACB and cannot be ACB.
removed.
Cooling mode
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating
• The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco heat pump with
circuits and the DHW heating.
the PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder is suitable only for
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat
passive cooling through wall, underfloor or ceiling
quantity measurement system.
heating, since this buffer is not designed to operate
• The second heat source is switched on and off by the below the dew point.
HPC 400 user interface via a relay (230 VAC, on-site).
• To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
The relay is connected to the “On/Off temperature
remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
controller” terminal of the second heat source.
The minimum permissible flow temperature is
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and calculated based on the room temperature and air
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is humidity.
required to establish the connection with the heat
• The heat pump compact unit ACB and all pipes and
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
connections must be suitably insulated to protect
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating against condensation (min. 13 mm).
circuit module are connected to one another via a
• An energised contact for switching between heating
EMS-2-BUS cable.
and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote contact.
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
• A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
routing.

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System examples | 25

Pumps
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The pump in the compact unit ACB is controlled via a
0...10 V signal.
Terminals
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
installation module:
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
theMK2 condensation point sensor,
– the external VC0 and VW1 diverter valves,
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump,
– the wall mounted gas condensing boiler.
• The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit modules:
– components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the respective
heating/cooling circuit.

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26 | System examples

3.7 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, CombiModule ACM 185 solar, PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder, solar
DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
MS100 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
4 3 5 5 4 3
1 2

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1
AGS
PS1 PC1 PC1
M VC1

MK2

T
PW2
T1
VC0 M
WWKG

T0

TS2
400V AC 400 /230 V AC

PSWK 50 ACM ..-185 solar SAO 60-2 / SAO 60-2 HT 6 720 810 610-01.3T

Fig. 12 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station TS1 Collector temperature sensor
[4] In the station or on the wall TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
[5] On the wall T0 Flow temperature sensor
ACM 185 ... Compact unit T1 Outside temperature sensor
AGS Solar station VC0 Diverter valve
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor VC1 3-way mixer
HPC 400 User interface WWKG DHW comfort group
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal
systems
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5 Buffer cylinder
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor

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System examples | 27

3.7.1 Area of application • The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
• Single-family home heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
• Two-family home as high as the temperature at the cylinder
temperature sensor (in the ACM). This measure
3.7.2 System components prevents the buffer cylinder from cooling down when
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A the heat pump starts and allows the heat pump to
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT operate more efficiently.
• Compact unit ACM-solar with user interfaceHPC 400 • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
• Bypass between flow and return via VC0diverter valve compact unit ACM-solar measures 0.8 m² and is
• Buffer cylinder PSW ...-5 therefore suitable for 2-3 flat-plate collectors.
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating
Cooling mode
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit,
• The SupraEco SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump with
each with a CR 10 H remote control
the PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder is suitable only for
3.7.3 Function description passive cooling through wall, underfloor or ceiling
heating, since this buffer is not designed to operate
Heat pump below the dew point.
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
operated from a single energy source, the heat remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
required for the heating system is generated by the The minimum permissible flow temperature is
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric calculated based on the room temperature and air
booster heater integrated into the heat pump humidity.
compact unit ACM-solar.
• An energised contact for switching between heating
Control and user interface and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated contact.
into the heat pump compact unit ACM and cannot be • A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
removed. required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat routing.
quantity measurement system. • Active cooling below the dew point is possible only
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and with a buffer cylinder equipped with diffusion-
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is resistant insulation.
required to establish the connection with the heat Pumps
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
circuit module are connected to one another via a output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is • The pump in the compact unit ACM-solar is controlled
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20 via a 0...10 V signal.
installation module.
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote Terminals
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the • The following are connected to the SEC 20
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity installation module:
sensor for monitoring the dew point. – the T0 and T1 temperature sensors, and the MK2
condensation point sensor,
Heating mode
– the external VC0 and VW1 diverter valves,
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit.
TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
the mixer. • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit module:
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect – components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating
an underfloor heating system. circuit.
• The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
DHW operation/solar module:
• The DHW cylinder integrated into the compact unit – the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
ACM-solar is heated by the heat pump, heats the – the PS1 pump.
connected solar collectors and supplies the
connected draw-off points with domestic hot water.
• If the temperature at the cylinder temperature sensor
(in the ACM-solar) falls below the set value, the
compressor starts. The DHW heating runs until the set
stop temperature is reached.

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28 | System examples

3.8 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, CombiModule ACM 185 solar, solar DHW heating,
1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
MS100 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
4 3 5 5 4 3
1 2

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1
AGS
PS1 PC1 PC1
M VC1

MK2

T
PW2
T1

T0 WWKG

TS2
400V AC 400 /230 V AC

ACM ..-185 solar SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 609-01.4T

Fig. 13 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
[4] In the station or on the wall T0 Flow temperature sensor
[5] On the wall T1 Outside temperature sensor
ACM 185 ... Compact unit WWKG DHW comfort group
AGS Solar station
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor Observe the requirements for operation
HPC 400 User interface without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal
systems
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
TS1 Collector temperature sensor

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System examples | 29

3.8.1 Area of application DHW operation/solar


• Single-family home • The DHW cylinder integrated into the compact unit
• Two-family home ACM-solar is heated by the heat pump, heats the
connected solar collectors and supplies the
3.8.2 System components connected draw-off points with domestic hot water.
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A • If the temperature at the cylinder temperature sensor
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT (in the ACM-solar) falls below the set value, the
• Compact unit ACM-solar with user interfaceHPC 400 compressor starts. The DHW heating runs until the set
• Bypass between flow and return stop temperature is reached.
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
each with a CR 10 H remote control temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
temperature at the DHW temperature sensor (in the
3.8.3 Function description
ACM-solar). During this time, the flow rate circulates
Heat pump via the bypass of the safety assembly. The domestic
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are hot water diverter valve (in the ACM-solar) then
operated from a single energy source, the heat switches to DHW operation and the heating circuit
required for the heating system is generated by the pumps are switched on again. This function allows the
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric heat pump to operate more efficiently.
booster heater integrated into the heat pump • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
compact unit ACM-solar. compact unit ACM-solar measures 0.8 m² and is
therefore suitable for 2-3 flat-plate collectors.
Control and user interface
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated Cooling mode
into the heat pump compact unit ACE and cannot be • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
removed. remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ The minimum permissible flow temperature is
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. calculated based on the room temperature and air
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat humidity.
quantity measurement system. • An energised contact for switching between heating
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is contact.
required to establish the connection with the heat • A MK2 condensation point sensor is required at the
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. flow to the cooling circuits to prevent undercutting of
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating the dew point. Several condensation point sensors
circuit module are connected to one another via a may be required, depending on the pipe routing.
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is • Cooling via an SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20 requires the potentiometer default setting to be
installation module. retained.
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote Pumps
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
Heating mode • The pump in the compact unit ACM-solar is controlled
• A bypass (included in the ACM solar scope of delivery) via a 0...10 V signal.
is required between flow and return to separate the
Terminals
generator and consumer circuits in order to guarantee
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
the minimum flow rate at low take-off in the heating
installation module:
circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can be used
( Fig. 12). – the T0 and T1 temperature sensors, and the MK2
condensation point sensor,
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
dedicated VC1 mixer with reference to the set – the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
temperature. A TC1 flow temperature sensor is heating circuit pump of the 1st heating/cooling
required to control the mixer. circuit.
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can also be • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
installed at each heating circuit to protect an circuit module:
underfloor heating system. – components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating/
cooling circuit.
• The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
module:
– the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
– the PS1 pump.

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30 | System examples

3.9 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder, DHW cylinder
SW ...-1, 1 non-mixed heating/cooling circuit and swimming pool heating
HPC 400 SEC 20 CR 10H MP 100
3 3 5 5
.

MC1
Pool
TC1

T T

PC1

VC1
M

PW2 B
T1
VC0 M A
AB
VW1 B
A M

AB
400 V AC
TW1

T0 MK2

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 PSWK 50 ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 811 433-01.2T

Fig. 14 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station VC0 Diverter value, flow short circuit
[5] On the wall VC1 3-way mixer
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
heater
CR 10 H Remote control
HPC 400 User interface
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor
MP 100 Swimming pool module
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
Pool Pool
PSW ...-5 Buffer cylinder
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
SW ...-1 DHW cylinder
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
T0 Flow temperature sensor
T1 Outside temperature sensor

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System examples | 31

3.9.1 Area of application heating, since this buffer is not designed to operate
• Single-family home below the dew point.
• To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
3.9.2 System components
remote control with air humidity sensor is required. The
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A minimum permissible flow temperature is calculated
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT based on the room temperature and air humidity.
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface • An energised contact for switching between heating
• Buffer cylinder PSW ...-5 and cooling mode is made available via the PK2 contact.
• DHW cylinderSW ...-1 • A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
• Swimming pool heating required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
• 1 non-mixed heating/cooling circuit with a CR 10 H undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
remote control point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
routing.
3.9.3 Function description
• Active cooling below the dew point is possible only
Heat pump with a buffer cylinder equipped with diffusion-
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are resistant insulation.
operated from a single energy source, the heat
Swimming pool operation
required for the heating system is generated by the
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric • The swimming pool activation is via the MP 100
booster heater integrated into the heat pump module. The module is used to determine the
compact unit ACE. swimming pool temperature and activate the VC1
mixer as required by the heat pump.
Control and user interface • The MP 100 module scope of delivery includes the
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated TC1 swimming pool sensor, which has to be installed
into the heat pump compact unit ACM and cannot be at a suitable swimming pool position. The swimming
removed. pool control sends a heat request to the MP 100
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the heating module and via the MC1 contact to the heat pump. At
circuit and the DHW heating. the same time, the swimming pool control must send
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat a request to the swimming pool pump. The heat pump
quantity measurement system. control uses the heating and DHW demand request to
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and assess whether the swimming pool heat exchanger
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is can additionally be supplied with heat.
required to establish the connection with the heat • Via the swimming pool control, no voltage must be
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. applied to contacts 14, 15 of the MP 100 swimming
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MP 100 pool module.
swimming pool module are connected to one another • DHW/heating mode has priority over swimming pool
via a EMS-2-BUS cable. mode. The design of the heat exchanger for the
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote swimming pool must be adapted to the performance
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the and to the flow rate of the heat pump. We recommend
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity a temperature spread in the swimming pool heat
sensor for monitoring the dew point. exchanger of max. 10 K.
• Parallel heating and swimming pool operation is
Heating mode guaranteed by the VC1 mixing valve.
• The buffer cylinder supplies the non-mixed heating
circuit with heat. Pumps
• HE pumps can be connected to SEC 20 without
DHW operation isolating relay. Maximum load at relay output: 2 A,
• The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump cos  > 0.4.
and supplies the connected draw-off points with • The pump in the compact unit ACE upstream of the
domestic hot water. separating buffer cylinder is controlled via a 0...10 V
• If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature signal.
sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop Terminals
temperature is reached. • The following are connected to the SEC 20
• The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW installation module:
heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is as – the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder theMK2 condensation point sensor,
temperature sensor. This measure prevents the DHW – the external VC0 and VW1 diverter valves,
cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump starts – the PW2 DHW circulation pump.
and allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently. • The following are connected to the MP 100 swimming
Cooling mode pool module:
• The SupraEco SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump with – components TC1, VC1 and MC1 of the swimming
the PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder is suitable only for pool heating system.
passive cooling through wall, underfloor or ceiling

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32 | System examples

3.10 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 S solar buffer cylinder,
FWST-2 freshwater station, solar DHW heating with heating support and 2 mixed heating
circuits

C FWST MS100 SEC 20 CR 10 MM 100 CR 10 MM 100 HPC 400


3 4 3 5 4 5 4 3
9 1 1 2

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1 TC1
AGS
PS1 PC1 PC1
M VC1 M VC1

T1

TW1
PW2 A
AB 400 V AC
B M
T0 M
AB VW1
VC0 B
A A
M
AB
TS2 VW1
B
400 /230 V AC

FWST-2 PSW ...-5 S-solar ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 671-01.3T

Fig. 15 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
[4] In the station or on the wall heat pump
[5] On the wall TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster TS1 Collector temperature sensor
heater TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
AGS Solar station TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
C-FWST Control of freshwater station T0 Flow temperature sensor
CR 10 Remote control T1 Outside temperature sensor
FWST-2 Fresh water station VC0 Diverter valve
HPC 400 User interface VC1 3-way mixer
MC1 Temperature limiter VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal
systems
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5... Dual-fuel buffer cylinder
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump

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System examples | 33

3.10.1 Area of application • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature


• Single-family home sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
• Two-family home starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
temperature is reached.
3.10.2 System components • The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT as high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface temperature sensor. This measure prevents the DHW
• PSW ...-5 S solar dual-fuel buffer cylinder cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump
• Fresh water station FWST-2 starts and allows the heat pump to operate more
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating efficiently.
• 2 mixed heating circuits, each with a remote control • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
CR 10 PSW 750-5 S solar measures 2.2 m² and is therefore
suitable for 4-5 flat-plate collectors. The surface of the
3.10.3 Function description solar heat exchanger of the PSW 1000-5 S solar
Heat pump measures 2.6 m² and is therefore suitable for 5-6 flat-
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are plate collectors.
operated from a single energy source, the heat Cooling mode
required for the heating system is generated by the • The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump when combined
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric with a PSW ...-5 S solar cylinder is not suitable for
booster heater integrated into the heat pump cooling via fan convectors or area heating.
compact unit ACE.
Pumps
Control and user interface
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
into the compact unit ACE and cannot be removed. output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating • The pump in the compact unit ACE upstream of the
circuits and the DHW heating. separating buffer cylinder is controlled via a 0...10 V
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat signal.
quantity measurement system.
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and Terminals
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is • The following are connected to the SEC 20
required to establish the connection with the heat installation module:
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. – the T0, T1 and TW1 temperature sensors,
• The controller module in the FWST-2 freshwater – the external VW1 diverter valves (parallel to
station controls the freshwater station independently terminal 53 and N),
and is not connected to the EMS-2-BUS cable of – theVC0 diverter valve
HPC 400. • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating circuit modules:
circuit module are connected to one another via a – components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the respective
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is heating circuit.
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20 • The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
installation module. module:
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote – the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
control CR 10. – the PS1 pump.
Heating mode • The following are connected to the fresh water station
• The heat for the two heating circuits is adjusted via FWST-2:
the VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. – the PW2 DHW circulation pump.
A TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control Notice for the freshwater station
the mixer.
• The DHW temperature must be at least 5 K lower than
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can also be the set cylinder temperature.
installed at each heating circuit to protect an Recommended value: 50 °C.
underfloor heating system.
• To ensure efficient heat pump operation, unnecessary
DHW operation/solar circulation runs must be avoided.
• The DHW is heated via the FWST-2 freshwater station Recommended circulation runtime after a demand
with integrated controller. request: 3 minutes (after the mixer tap is opened).
• The draw-off rate is up to 22 l/min with a DHW
temperature of 45 °C and a buffer temperature of
60 °C.
• A DHW circulation pump can be connected to the
FWST-2.

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34 | System examples

3.11 Cerapur ZSB ...-4, SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACB ..., PSW ...-5 S solar
buffer cylinder, FWST-2 freshwater station, solar DHW heating and heating support and 2 mixed
heating circuits
C FWST MS 100 SEC 20 CR 10 MM 100 CR 10 MM 100 HPC 400 HT 4
3 4 3 5 4 5 4 3 1
9 1 1 2
R

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1 TC1
AGS
PC1 PC1
PS1
M VC1 M VC1

T1

TW1
PW2 A
B M AB
B M AB
T0 VC0 A VW1
A
AB
B M
TS2
VW1

400 /230 V AC

FWST-2 PSW ...-5 S-solar ACB ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT ZSB...-4
6 720 810 600-01.2T

Fig. 16 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station SAO ...-2/
[4] In the station or on the wall SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
[5] On the wall SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
ACB ... Compact unit with mixing valve heat pump
AGS Solar station TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
C-FWST Control of freshwater station TS1 Collector temperature sensor
CR 10 Remote control TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
FWST-2 Fresh water station TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
HPC 400 User interface T0 Flow temperature sensor
HT 4 Control for wall mounted gas T1 Outside temperature sensor
condensing boiler VC0 Diverter valve
MC1 Temperature limiter VC1 3-way mixer
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
circuits ZSB ...-4 Cerapur wall mounted gas condensing
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal boiler
systems
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5... Dual-fuel buffer cylinder
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump

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System examples | 35

3.11.1 Area of application Heating mode


• Single-family home • The heat for the two heating circuits is adjusted via
• Two-family home the VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature.
A TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
3.11.2 System components the mixer.
• ZSB ...-4 Cerapurwall mounted gas condensing boiler • A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can also be
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A installed at each heating circuit to protect an
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT underfloor heating system.
• Compact unit ACE ... with user interfaceHPC 400 • To protect the heat pump compact unit ACB from
• PSW ...-5 S solar dual-fuel buffer cylinder excessively high return temperatures, a non-return
• Fresh water station FWST-2 valve must be installed in the return between PSW ...-
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating 5 S solar cylinder and ACB.
• 2 mixed heating circuits, each with a CR 10 remote
DHW operation/solar
control
• The DHW is heated via the FWST-2 freshwater station
3.11.3 Function description with integrated controller.
• The draw-off rate is up to 22 l/min with a DHW
Heat pump/wall mounted gas condensing boiler
temperature of 45 °C and a buffer temperature of
• With dual-fuel mode of operation, the heating energy
60 °C.
is produced by two different heat sources. The base-
• A DHW circulation pump can be connected to the
load output is provided by the air to water heat pump.
FWST-2.
The peak load is covered by the wall mounted gas
condensing boiler. This can be activated parallel or • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
alternative to the heat pump. sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
• The 3-way mixing valve in the heat pump compact unit
temperature is reached.
ACB ensures that the second heat source (or low loss
header) is passed by heating water only if necessary • The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
and that the required heat is added to the heating heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
water. as high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder
temperature sensor. This measure prevents the DHW
• If the second heat source is not equipped with its own
cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump
heating pump, a low loss header and parallel buffer
starts and allows the heat pump to operate more
cylinder must not be used.
efficiently.
Control and user interface • The boiler is used for thermal disinfection of the DHW.
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
into the heat pump compact unit ACB and cannot be PSW 750-5 S solar measures 2.2 m² and is therefore
removed. suitable for 4-5 flat-plate collectors. The surface of the
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating solar heat exchanger of the PSW 1000-5 S solar
circuits and the DHW heating. measures 2.6 m² and is therefore suitable for 5-6 flat-
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat plate collectors.
quantity measurement system.
Cooling mode
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and
• The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump when combined
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is
with a PSW ...-5 S solar cylinder is not suitable for
required to establish the connection with the heat
cooling via fan convectors or area heating.
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
• The controller module in the FWST-2 freshwater Pumps
station controls the freshwater station independently • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
and is not connected to the EMS-2-BUS cable of the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
HPC 400. output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The second heat source is switched on and off by the • The pump in the compact unit ACB upstream of the
HPC 400 user interface via a relay (230 VAC, on-site). separating buffer cylinder is controlled via a 0...10 V
The relay is connected to the “On/Off temperature signal.
controller” terminal of the second heat source.
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating
circuit module are connected to one another via a
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20
installation module.
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote
control CR 10.

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36 | System examples

Terminals
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
installation module:
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperature sensors,
– the external VW1 diverter valves (parallel to
terminal 53 and N),
– the VC0diverter valve,
– the wall mounted gas condensing boiler.
• The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit modules:
– components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the respective
heating circuit.
• The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
module:
– the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
– the PS1 pump.
• The following are connected to the fresh water station
FWST-2:
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump.
Notice for the freshwater station
• The DHW temperature must be at least 5 K lower than
the set cylinder temperature.
Recommended value: 50 °C.
• To ensure efficient heat pump operation, unnecessary
circulation runs must be avoided.
Recommended circulation runtime after a demand
request: 3 minutes (after the mixer tap is opened).

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System examples | 37

3.12 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 S solar buffer cylinder,
FWST-2 freshwater station and 2 mixed heating circuits
C FWST SEC 20 MM 100 MM 100 HPC 400
3 3 4 4 3
9 1 2

MC1
T T T T

TC1 TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1 M VC1

T1

X
VC0
TW1
PW2 A
B M AB B AB
400 V AC
A M VW1
T0 A AB
B M
VW1
TS2

X 400 /230 V AC

FWST-2 PSW ...-5 S-solar ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 672-01.3T

Fig. 17 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station VC0 Diverter valve
[4] In the station or on the wall VC1 3-way mixer
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
heater X Hydraulic connection option for second
C-FWST Control of freshwater station heat source (e.g. stove)
FWST-2 Fresh water station
HPC 400 User interface Observe the requirements for operation
MC1 Temperature limiter without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
circuits
PC1 Pump for heating circuit
PSW ...-5... Dual-fuel buffer cylinder
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, bottom
TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
T0 Flow temperature sensor
T1 Outside temperature sensor

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38 | System examples

3.12.1 Area of application DHW operation/solar


• Single-family home • The DHW is heated via the FWST-2 freshwater station
• Two-family home with integrated controller.
• The draw-off rate is up to 22 l/min with a DHW
3.12.2 System components
temperature of 45 °C and a buffer temperature of
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A 60 °C.
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT
• A DHW circulation pump can be connected to the
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface FWST-2.
• P ...-5 Sbuffer cylinder • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
• Fresh water station FWST-21 sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
• 2 heating circuits with mixer starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
3.12.3 Function description temperature is reached.
• The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
Heat pump heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are as high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder
operated from a single energy source, the heat temperature sensor. This measure prevents the DHW
required for the heating system is generated by the cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric starts and allows the heat pump to operate more
booster heater integrated into the heat pump efficiently.
compact unit ACE. Additionally, a second heat source
can be connected (solar system; water-carrying Cooling mode
stove). The generated heat is used for both DHW • The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump when combined
heating and also central heating backup. with a PSW ...-5 S solar cylinder is not suitable for
cooling via fan convectors or area heating.
Control and user interface
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated Pumps
into the compact unit ACE and cannot be removed. • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat • The pump in the compact unit ACE upstream of the
quantity measurement system. separating buffer cylinder is controlled via a 0...10 V
signal.
• The controller module in the FWST-2 freshwater
station controls the freshwater station independently Terminals
and is not connected to the EMS-2-BUS cable of • The following are connected to the SEC 20
HPC 400. installation module:
• The second heat source is connected directly to the – the T0, T1 and TW1 temperature sensors,
PSW …-5 S solar buffer cylinder and is not controlled – the external VW1 diverter valves (parallel to
via HPC 400. terminal 53 and N),
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and – the diverter valve VCO
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
required to establish the connection with the heat circuit modules:
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
– components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the respective
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating heating circuit.
circuit module are connected to one another via a
• The following are connected to the fresh water station
EMS-2-BUS cable.
FWST-2:
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump.
control CR 10.
Notice for the freshwater station
Heating mode
• The DHW temperature must be at least 5 K lower than
• The heat for the two heating circuits is adjusted via
the set cylinder temperature.
the VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature.
Recommended value: 50 °C.
A TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
• To ensure efficient heat pump operation, unnecessary
the mixer.
circulation runs must be avoided.
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can also be
Recommended circulation runtime after a demand
installed at each heating circuit to protect an
request: 3 minutes (after the mixer tap is opened).
underfloor heating system.
• To protect the heat pump compact unit ACE from
excessively high return temperatures, a non-return
valve must be installed in both flow and return
between PSW ...-5 S solar cylinder and ACE.

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System examples | 39

3.13 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder, SWE ...-
5 solar DHW heating, solar DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
MS100 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
4 3 5 5 4 3
1 2

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1
AGS
PS1 PC1 PC1
M VC1

T PW2
WWKG

B
T1
VC0 M A
AB

TW1 VW1 B
M
A 400 V AC

AB
MK2
TS2 T0

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 solar PSWK 50 ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 612-01.3T

Fig. 18 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station SWE ...-5 solar Dual-fuel DHW cylinder
[4] In the station or on the wall TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
[5] On the wall TS1 Collector temperature sensor
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
heater TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
AGS Solar station T0 Flow temperature sensor
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor T1 Outside temperature sensor
HPC 400 User interface VC0 Diverter valve
MC1 Temperature limiter VC1 3-way mixer
MK2 Condensation point sensor VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling WWKG DHW comfort group
circuits
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal
systems
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PSW ...-5 Buffer cylinder
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump

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40 | System examples

3.13.1 Area of application as high as the temperature at the TW1 cylinder


• Single-family home temperature sensor. This measure prevents the buffer
• Two-family home cylinder from cooling down when the heat pump
starts and allows the heat pump to operate more
3.13.2 System components efficiently.
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT SWE 400-5 solar measures 1.3 m² and is therefore
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface suitable for 3-4 flat-plate collectors. The surface of the
• Buffer cylinder PSW ...-5 solar heat exchanger of the SWE 500-5 solar
• SWE ...-5 solar dual-fuel DHW cylinder measures 1.8 m² and is therefore suitable for 4-5 flat-
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating plate collectors.
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, Cooling mode
each with a CR 10 H remote control
• The SupraEco SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump with
3.13.3 Function description the PSW ...-5 buffer cylinder is suitable only for
passive cooling through wall, underfloor or ceiling
Heat pump heating, since this buffer is not designed to operate
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are below the dew point.
operated from a single energy source, the heat • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
required for the heating system is generated by the remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric The minimum permissible flow temperature is
booster heater integrated into the heat pump calculated based on the room temperature and air
compact unit ACE. humidity.
Control and user interface • An energised contact for switching between heating
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
into the heat pump compact unit ACE and cannot be contact.
removed. • A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
quantity measurement system. routing.
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and • Active cooling below the dew point is possible only
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is with a buffer cylinder equipped with diffusion-
required to establish the connection with the heat resistant insulation.
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply. Pumps
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
circuit module are connected to one another via a the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20 • The pump in the compact unit ACE upstream of the
installation module. separating buffer cylinder is controlled via a 0...10 V
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote signal.
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity Terminals
sensor for monitoring the dew point. • The following are connected to the SEC 20
installation module:
Heating mode
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the theMK2 condensation point sensor,
VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
– the external VW1 diverter valve,
TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
– the VC0diverter valve,
the mixer.
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit.
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect
an underfloor heating system. • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit module:
DHW operation/solar – components TC1, PC1, MC1 and VC1 of the 2nd
• The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump heating circuit.
and supplies the connected draw-off points with • The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
domestic hot water. module:
• If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature – the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
sensor falls below the set value, the compressor – the PS1 pump.
starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
temperature is reached.
• The VC0 diverter valve runs the flow during DHW
heating in short circuit until the flow temperature is

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System examples | 41

3.14 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., SWE ...-5 solar DHW cylinder, solar
DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
MS100 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
4 3 5 5 4 3
1 2

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1
AGS
PS1 PC1 PC1
M VC1

T PW2
WWKG

T0 T1

TW1 VW1 B
M
A 400 V AC

AB
MK2
TS2

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 solar ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT 6 720 810 611-01.4T

Fig. 19 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station TS1 Collector temperature sensor
[4] In the station or on the wall TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
[5] On the wall TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster T0 Flow temperature sensor
heater T1 Outside temperature sensor
AGS Solar station VC1 3-way mixer
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor VW1 Domestic hot water diverter valve
HPC 400 User interface WWKG DHW comfort group
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor Observe the requirements for operation
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
circuits
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal
systems
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
SWE ...-5 solar Dual-fuel DHW cylinder

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42 | System examples

3.14.1 Area of application • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature


• Single-family home sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
• Two-family home starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
temperature is reached.
3.14.2 System components • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface temperature at the TW1 DHW temperature sensor.
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
return ( chapter 9) bypass of the safety assembly. The VW1 diverter valve
• SWE ...-5 solar dual-fuel DHW cylinder then switches to DHW operation and the heating
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating circuit pumps are switched on again. This function
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
each with a CR 10 H remote control • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
SWE 400-5 solar measures 1.3 m² and is therefore
3.14.3 Function description suitable for 3-4 flat-plate collectors. The surface of the
Heat pump solar heat exchanger of the SWE 500-5 solar
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are measures 1.8 m² and is therefore suitable for 4-5 flat-
operated from a single energy source, the heat plate collectors.
required for the heating system is generated by the Cooling mode
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
booster heater integrated into the heat pump remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
compact unit ACE. The minimum permissible flow temperature is
Control and user interface calculated based on the room temperature and air
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated humidity.
into the heat pump compact unit ACE and cannot be • All pipes and connections must be suitably insulated
removed. to prevent condensation in case of active cooling.
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ • An energised contact for switching between heating
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat contact.
quantity measurement system. • A MK2 condensation point sensor is required at the
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and flow to the cooling circuits to prevent undercutting of
compact unit, 0.75 mm2) is required to establish the dew point. Several condensation point sensors
the connection with the heat pump (outdoor), in may be required, depending on the pipe routing.
addition to the power supply. • Cooling via an SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating requires the potentiometer default setting to be
circuit module are connected to one another via a retained.
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is Pumps
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20 • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
installation module. the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the • The pump in the compact unit ACE upstream of the
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity bypass is controlled via a 0...10 V signal.
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
Terminals
Heating mode
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
• A bypass is required between flow and return to installation module:
separate the generator and consumer circuits in order
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
to guarantee the minimum flow rate at low take-off in
theMK2 condensation point sensor,
the heating circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can
– the external VW1 diverter valve,
be used ( Fig. 18).
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit.
VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
the mixer. circuit module:
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed – components TC1, PC1, MC1 and VC1 of the 2nd
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect heating circuit.
an underfloor heating system. • The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
module:
DHW operation/solar – the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
• The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump – the PS1 pump.
and supplies the connected draw-off points with
domestic hot water.

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System examples | 43

3.15 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACB ..., Cerapur ZSB ...-4, SWE ...-5 solar DHW
cylinder, solar DHW heating, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
MS100 HT 4 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
4 1 3 5 5 4 3
1 R 2

TS1

MC1
T T T T

TC1
AGS
PS1 PC1 PC1
M VC1

T PW2
WWKG

T0 T1

TW1 B
M
A
VW1 AB MK2
TS2

400 /230 V AC

SW ...-1 solar ZSB...-4 ACB ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT


6 720 810 667-01.3T

Fig. 20 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[1] In the heat source SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
[3] In the station heat pump
[4] In the station or on the wall SWE ...-5 solar Dual-fuel DHW cylinder
[5] On the wall TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
ACB ... Compact unit with mixing valve TS1 Collector temperature sensor
AGS Solar station TS2 Cylinder temperature sensor, solar
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
HPC 400 User interface T0 Flow temperature sensor
HT 4 Control for wall mounted gas T1 Outside temperature sensor
condensing boiler VW1 Domestic hot water diverter valve
MC1 Temperature limiter WWKG DHW comfort group
MK2 Condensation point sensor ZSB ...-4 Cerapur wall mounted gas condensing
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling boiler
circuits
MS 100 Module for simple solar thermal Observe the requirements for operation
systems without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
PS1 Solar pump
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump

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44 | System examples

3.15.1 Area of application Heating mode


• Single-family home • A bypass is required between flow and return to
• Two-family home separate the generator and consumer circuits in order
to guarantee the minimum flow rate at low take-off in
3.15.2 System components the heating circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A also be used.
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT • The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
• Compact unit ACB with HPC 400 user interface VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
return ( chapter 9) the mixer.
• SWE ...-5 solar dual-fuel DHW cylinder • A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed
• Solar thermal system for DHW heating in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, an underfloor heating system.
each with a CR 10 H remote control
DHW operation/solar
3.15.3 Function description • The external DHW cylinder is heated by the heat pump
and supplies the connected draw-off points with
Heat pump
domestic hot water.
• With dual-fuel mode of operation, the heating energy
• If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
is produced by two different heat sources. The base-
sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
load output is provided by the air to water heat pump.
starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
The peak load is covered by the wall mounted gas
temperature is reached.
condensing boiler. This can be activated parallel or
alternative to the heat pump. • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
• The 3-way mixing valve in the heat pump compact unit
temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
ACB ensures that the second heat source (or low loss
temperature at the TW1 DHW temperature sensor.
header) is passed by heating water only if necessary
During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
and that the required heat is added to the heating
bypass of the safety assembly. The VW1 diverter valve
water.
then switches to DHW operation and the heating
• If the second heat source is not equipped with its own
circuit pumps are switched on again. This function
heating pump, a low loss header and parallel buffer
allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
cylinder must not be used.
• The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
Control and user interface SWE 400-5 solar measures 1.3 m² and is therefore
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated suitable for 3-4 flat-plate collectors. The surface of the
into the heat pump compact unit ACE and cannot be solar heat exchanger of the SWE 500-5 solar
removed. measures 1.8 m² and is therefore suitable for 4-5 flat-
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ plate collectors.
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. Cooling mode
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat • Cooling mode in dual-fuel systems is permitted only if
quantity measurement system. the fan convectors are designed for operation above
• The second heat source is switched on and off by the the dew point, and also only in combination with
HPC 400 user interface via a relay (230 VAC, on-site). humidity sensors (accessory).
The relay is connected to the “On/Off temperature • The heat pump compact unit ACB and all pipes and
controller” terminal of the second heat source. connections must be suitably insulated to protect
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating against condensation (min. 13 mm).
circuit module are connected to one another via a • To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20 The minimum permissible flow temperature is
installation module. calculated based on the room temperature and air
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and humidity.
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is • All pipes and connections must be suitably insulated
required to establish the connection with the heat to prevent condensation in case of active cooling.
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
• An energised contact for switching between heating
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
circuit module are connected to one another via a contact.
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is
• A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20
required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
installation module.
undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the routing.
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
• Cooling via an SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
requires the potentiometer default setting to be
retained.

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System examples | 45

Pumps
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The pump in the compact unit ACB upstream of the
bypass is controlled via a 0...10 V signal.
Terminals
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
installation module:
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
theMK2 condensation point sensor,
– the external VW1 diverter valve,
– the PW2 DHW circulation pump and the PC1
heating circuit pump of the 1st heating circuit,
– the wall mounted gas condensing boiler.
• The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit module:
– components TC1, PC1, MC1 and VC1 of the 2nd
heating circuit.
• The following are connected to the MS 100 solar
module:
– the TS1 and TS2 temperature sensors,
– the PS1 pump.

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46 | System examples

3.16 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACE ..., P ...-5 S buffer cylinder, FWST-2
freshwater station, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
C FWST SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
3 3 5 5 4 3
9 2

MC1
T T T T

TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1

T0 T1

PW2 VW1 B
M
A 400 V AC
TW1 AB
MK2

400 /230 V AC

FWST-2 P...-5 S ACE ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT


6 720 810 607-01.4T

Fig. 21 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[3] In the station T0 Flow temperature sensor
[4] In the station or on the wall T1 Outside temperature sensor
[5] On the wall VC1 3-way mixer
ACE ... Compact unit with electric booster VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
heater
C-FWST Control of freshwater station The P …-5 S buffer cylinder is used only for
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor DHW heating via FWST-2 freshwater station.
FWST-2 Fresh water station No buffer cylinder present for the heating
HPC 400 User interface system.
MC1 Temperature limiter
MK2 Condensation point sensor
Observe the requirements for operation
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling
without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
P ...-5 S Buffer cylinder (domestic hot water)
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the
heat pump
TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor

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System examples | 47

3.16.1 Area of application • A DHW circulation pump can be connected to the


• Single-family home FWST-2.
• Two-family home • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
3.16.2 System components starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A temperature is reached.
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
• Compact unit ACE with HPC 400 user interface circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
return ( chapter 9) temperature at the TW1 DHW temperature sensor.
• P ...-5 Sbuffer cylinder During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
• Fresh water station FWST-2 bypass of the safety assembly. The VW1 diverter valve
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, then switches to DHW operation and the heating
each with a CR 10 remote control circuit pumps are switched on again. This function
allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
3.16.3 Function description
Cooling mode
Heat pump
• To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
• Where systems with air to water heat pumps are remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
operated from a single energy source, the heat The minimum permissible flow temperature is
required for the heating system is generated by the calculated based on the room temperature and air
heat pump and also - if required - by the electric humidity.
booster heater integrated into the heat pump
• All pipes and connections must be suitably insulated
compact unit ACE.
to prevent condensation in case of active cooling.
Control and user interface • An energised contact for switching between heating
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated and cooling mode is made available via the PK2
into the heat pump compact unit ACE and cannot be contact.
removed. • A MK2 condensation point sensor is required at the
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating/ flow to the cooling circuits to prevent undercutting of
cooling circuits and the DHW heating. the dew point. Several condensation point sensors
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat may be required, depending on the pipe routing.
quantity measurement system. Pumps
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and • HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
compact unit, 0.75 mm2) is required to establish the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
the connection with the heat pump (outdoor), in output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
addition to the power supply.
• The pump in the compact unit ACE upstream of the
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating bypass is controlled via a 0...10 V signal.
circuit module are connected to one another via a
EMS-2-BUS cable. Terminals
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote • The following are connected to the SEC 20
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the installation module:
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity – the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
sensor for monitoring the dew point. theMK2 condensation point sensor,
– the external VW1 diverter valve,
Heating mode
– the PC1 heating circuit pump of the 1st heating
• A bypass is required between flow and return to
circuit.
separate the generator and consumer circuits in order
to guarantee the minimum flow rate at low take-off in • The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
the heating circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can circuit module:
also be used. – components TC1, PC1 and MC1 of the 2nd heating
• The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the circuit.
VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A • The following are connected to the fresh water station
TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control FWST-2:
the mixer. – the PW2 DHW circulation pump.
• A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can be installed Notice for the freshwater station
in addition to each heating/cooling circuit to protect • The DHW temperature must be at least 5 K lower than
an underfloor heating system. the set cylinder temperature.
DHW operation/solar Recommended value: 50 °C.
• The DHW is heated via the FWST-2 freshwater station • To ensure efficient heat pump operation, unnecessary
with integrated controller. circulation runs must be avoided.
• The draw-off rate is up to 22 l/min with a DHW Recommended circulation runtime after a demand
temperature of 45 °C and a buffer temperature of request: 3 minutes (after the mixer tap is opened).
60 °C.

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48 | System examples

3.17 SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, compact unit ACB ..., Cerapur ZSB ...-4, P ...-5 S buffer
cylinder, FWST-2 freshwater station, 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit
C FWST HT 4 SEC 20 CR 10 H CR 10 H MM 100 HPC 400
3 1 3 5 5 4 3
9 R 2

MC1
T T T T

TC1

PC1 PC1
M VC1

T0 T1

B
PW2
M
A
TW1 VW1
AB MK2

400 /230 V AC

FWST-2 P...-5 S ZSB...-4 ACB ... SAO ...-2 / SAO ...-2 HT


6 720 810 608-01.3T

Fig. 22 System schematics with control (non-binding schematic diagram)


Module position:
[1] In the heat source heat pump
[3] In the station TC1 Mixer temperature sensor
[4] In the station or on the wall TW1 Cylinder temperature sensor
[5] On the wall T0 Flow temperature sensor
ACB ... Compact unit with 3-way mixing valve T1 Outside temperature sensor
C-FWST Control of freshwater station VC1 3-way mixer
CR 10 H Remote control with humidity sensor VW1 Diverter valve, DHW heating
FWST-2 Fresh water station ZSB ...-4 Cerapur wall mounted gas condensing
HPC 400 User interface boiler
HT 4 Control for wall mounted gas
condensing boiler The P …-5 S buffer cylinder is used only for
MC1 Temperature limiter DHW heating via FWST-2 freshwater station.
MK2 Condensation point sensor No buffer cylinder present for the heating
MM 100 Module for mixed heating/cooling system.
circuits
PC1 Heating/cooling circuit pump
Observe the requirements for operation
P ...-5 S Buffer cylinder
without buffer cylinder ( Chapter 9).
PW2 DHW circulation pump
SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT SupraEco A air to water heat pump
SEC 20 Installation module integrated into the

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System examples | 49

3.17.1 Area of application Heating mode


• Single-family home • A bypass is required between flow and return to
• Two-family home separate the generator and consumer circuits in order
to guarantee the minimum flow rate at low take-off in
3.17.2 System components the heating circuit. Alternatively, a buffer cylinder can
• Reversible air to water heat pump SupraEco A also be used.
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT • The heat for the 2nd heating circuit is adjusted via the
• Compact unit ACB with HPC 400 user interface VC1 mixer with reference to the set temperature. A
• Bypass provided by the customer between flow and TC1 flow temperature sensor is required to control
return ( chapter 9) the mixer.
• PSW ...-5 S buffer cylinder • A MC1 underfloor temperature limiter can also be
• Fresh water station FWST-2 installed at each heating circuit to protect an
• 1 non-mixed and 1 mixed heating/cooling circuit, underfloor heating system.
each with a CR 10 H remote control
DHW operation/freshwater station
3.17.3 Function description • The DHW is heated via the FWST-2 freshwater station
with integrated controller.
Heat pump/wall mounted gas condensing boiler
• The draw-off rate is up to 22 l/min with a DHW
• With dual-fuel mode of operation, the heating energy
temperature of 45 °C and a buffer temperature of
is produced by two different heat sources. The base-
60 °C.
load output is provided by the air to water heat pump.
The peak load is covered by the wall mounted gas • A DHW circulation pump can be connected to the
condensing boiler. This can be activated parallel or FWST-2.
alternative to the heat pump. • If the temperature at the TW1 cylinder temperature
• The 3-way mixing valve in the heat pump compact unit sensor falls below the set value, the compressor
ACB ensures that the second heat source (or low loss starts. The DHW heating runs until the set stop
header) is passed by heating water only if necessary temperature is reached.
and that the required heat is added to the heating • During the start phase of DHW heating, the heating
water. circuit pumps are deactivated until the flow
• If the second heat source is not equipped with its own temperature of the heat pump is higher than the
heating pump, a low loss header and parallel buffer temperature at the TW1 DHW temperature sensor.
cylinder must not be used. During this time, the flow rate circulates via the
bypass of the safety assembly. The VW1 diverter valve
Control and user interface then switches to DHW operation and the heating
• The HPC 400 user interface is permanently integrated circuit pumps are switched on again. This function
into the heat pump compact unit ACB and cannot be allows the heat pump to operate more efficiently.
removed. • The boiler is used for thermal disinfection of the DHW.
• The HPC 400 user interface controls the two heating • The surface of the solar heat exchanger of the
circuits and the DHW heating. PSW 750-5 S solar measures 2.2 m² and is therefore
• The HPC 400 user interface has an integrated heat suitable for 4-5 flat-plate collectors. The surface of the
quantity measurement system. solar heat exchanger of the PSW 1000-5 S solar
• A control cable (CAN-BUS between heat pump and measures 2.6 m² and is therefore suitable for 5-6 flat-
compact unit, cable cross section 0.75 mm2) is plate collectors.
required to establish the connection with the heat
Cooling mode
pump (outdoor), in addition to the power supply.
• Cooling mode in dual-fuel systems is permitted only
• The controller module in the FWST-2 freshwater
for operation above the dew point, and also only in
station controls the freshwater station independently
combination with humidity sensors (accessory).
and is not connected to the EMS-2-BUS cable of
• The heat pump compact unit ACB and all pipes and
HPC 400.
connections must be suitably insulated to protect
• The second heat source is switched on and off by the
against condensation (min. 13 mm).
HPC 400 user interface via a relay (230 VAC, on-site).
• To be able to start the cooling mode, the CR 10 H
The relay is connected to the “On/Off temperature
remote control with air humidity sensor is required.
controller” terminal of the second heat source.
The minimum permissible flow temperature is
• The HPC 400 user interface and the MM 100 heating
calculated based on the room temperature and air
circuit module are connected to one another via a
humidity.
EMS-2-BUS cable. The MS 100 solar module is
• An energised contact as signal (230 V AC) for
connected via a EMS-2-BUS cable to the SEC 20
switching between heating and cooling mode is made
installation module.
available via the PK2 contact.
• Pure heating circuits can be equipped with a remote
• A MK2 condensation point sensor (accessory) is
control CR 10. Heating/cooling circuits require the
required at the flow to the cooling circuits to prevent
CR 10 H remote control with integrated air humidity
undercutting of the dew point. Several condensation
sensor for monitoring the dew point.
point sensors may be required, depending on the pipe
routing.

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50 | System examples

Pumps
• HE pumps can be connected without isolating relay to
the SEC 20 and MM 100. Maximum load at relay
output: 2 A, cos  > 0.4.
• The pump in the compact unit ACB upstream of the
bypass is controlled via a 0...10 V signal.
Terminals
• The following are connected to the SEC 20
installation module:
– the T0, T1 and TW1 temperatures sensors and
theMK2 condensation point sensor,
– the external VW1 diverter valve,
– the PC1 heating circuit pump of the 1st heating
circuit,
– the wall mounted gas condensing boiler.
• The following are connected to the MM 100 heating
circuit module:
– components TC1, PC1, VC1 and MC1 of the 2nd
heating circuit.
• The following are connected to the fresh water station
FWST-2:
– the DHW circulation pump PW2 for operation via
demand message.
Alternatively, a DHW circulation pump can be
connected to the SEC 20. A time program can then
be set in the HPC 400.
Notice for the freshwater station
• The DHW temperature must be at least 5 K lower than
the set cylinder temperature.
Recommended value: 50 °C.
• To ensure efficient heat pump operation, unnecessary
circulation runs must be avoided.
Recommended circulation runtime after a demand
request: 3 minutes (after the mixer tap is opened).

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 51

4 Planning and design of heat pumps


4.1 Procedure
The steps required to plan and design a heating system
containing a heat pump are shown in tab. 4. You can find
a detailed description in the following chapters.

Calculating the energy demand

calculated using...
Heating DIN-EN 12831 or rule of thumb

calculated using...
Cooling Table 8, VDI 2078 or rule of thumb

calculated using...
Domestic Hot DIN 4708 or rule of thumb

Design and selection of heat pump

Mode of operation

single energy source dual mode


(SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACE/... ACM/ (SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACB)
... ACM-solar)

Blocking times,

Appliance selection

Planning examples (selection of system hydraulics)

System types

without integrated DHW heating with integrated DHW heating


(SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACE / ACB) (SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACM / ACM-solar)

1. Heating circuit can be controlled using 1. Heating circuit can be controlled using

2nd heating circuit can be controlled via 2nd heating circuit can be controlled via

DHW heating possible via additional 3-way valve DHW heating via integrated 190 litre DHW
and DHW cylinder cylinder (SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACM)

with immersion heater (SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACE) solar DHW heating via integrated 184 l DHW
cylinder with solar heat exchanger
(SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT )
with dual-fuel mixer (SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACB)

Integration of a boiler Integration of solid fuel boiler via buffer


cylinder possible

Table 4 Planning and designing a heating system containing a heat pump

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52 | Planning and design of heat pumps

4.2 Heating system minimum volume and Special feature


operation If both heating zones have different operating times,
each heating zone must independently ensure that the
To avoid multiple start/stop cycles, heating pump functions. Make sure that at least 4
incomplete defrosting or unnecessary radiator valves of the non-mixed heating circuit are
alarms, a sufficient amount of energy stored completely open and at least 22 m2 floor surface is
in the system is required. Energy is stored in available for the mixed heating circuit. In this case, we
the heating system water volume, as well as recommend remote controls for the reference rooms of
in the system components (radiators) and in both heating circuits so that the measured temperature
the concrete foundation (under floor can be taken into consideration when calculating the
heating system). flow temperature.
In certain circumstances, the electric booster heater
Since the requirements vary for different heat pump may be activated to ensure complete thawing.
installations and heating systems, no general minimum
volume is stated. Please refer to the following If both heating zones have identical operating times, the
prerequisites for all heat pump sizes instead: heating circuit with a mixture does not require a
minimum area because the 4 radiators with a constant
4.2.1 Only underfloor heating circuit without buffer through-flow ensure the operation of the heat pumps. A
cylinder, without mixer remote control is recommended in the area of the open
For the heat pumps and thawing function to work, at radiators so that the heat pump automatically adjusts
least 22 m2 heatable floor area must be available. the flow temperature.
Furthermore, a remote control must be installed in the
4.2.4 Only mixed heating (also applies to heating
largest room (reference room). The room temperature
circuits with fan convectors)
measured by the remote control is used to calculate the
flow temperature (principle: weather-compensated To ensure that there is enough energy for defrosting, use
control with room temperature compensation). All zone a buffer cylinder with at least 50 litres.
valves of the reference room must be completely open.
In certain circumstances, the electric booster heater
may be activated to ensure complete thawing. That
depends on the available floor space.
4.2.2 Only the radiator circuit without a buffer
cylinder or mixer
For the heat pumps and thawing function to work
properly, there must be at least 4 radiators with an
output of at least 500 W. Make sure that the thermostats
of these radiators are completely open. If this condition
can be met within a residence, we recommend a remote
control for this reference room so that the measured
room temperature can be used to calculate the flow
temperature.
In certain circumstances, the electric booster heater
may be activated to ensure complete thawing. That
depends on the available floor space.
4.2.3 Heating system with one non-mixed heating
circuit and one mixed heating circuit without
buffer cylinder
For the heat pumps and thawing function to work
properly, the non-mixed heating circuit must have at
least 4 radiators, each with an output of at least 500 W.
Make sure that the thermostats of these radiators are
completely open.
In certain circumstances, the electric booster heater
may be activated to ensure complete thawing. That
depends on the available floor space.

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 53

4.3 Determining the building heat load (heat energy demand)


The heat energy demand is precisely calculated to 4.3.2 New buildings
DIN-EN 12831 and must be determined by the The required output for heating a residential unit or
contractor for new builds in accordance with DIN. house can be roughly estimated based on the area to be
Approximate methods are described below that are heated and the specific heat demand. The specific
suitable for obtaining rough estimates, but cannot be heating output demand depends on the building's
used as a substitute for a detailed calculation based on thermal insulation (Tab. 6).
individual criteria.
Type of building insulation Specific heat energy
4.3.1 Existing buildings demand q
When replacing an existing heating system, the heat load [W/m2]
can be estimated based on the fuel consumption of the Insulation to EnEV 2002 40...60
old heating system.
Insulation to EnEV 2009 30...35
For gas heating systems: KfW efficiency house 100
KfW efficiency house 70 15...30
3
· Power consumption / m /a Ultra-low energy building 10
Q / kW = ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3
250 / m a kW Table 6 Specific heat energy demand

F. 6 The heating output demand Q is calculated from the


heated area A and the specific heating output demand q
For oil heating systems: as follows:

· Power consumption / l/a · 2 ·


Q / kW = ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q / W = A/ m  q / W/m 2
250 / l/a kW
F. 8
F. 7
Example
How great is the heat load for a house with 150 m2 area
To compensate for extremely cold or hot to be heated and thermal insulation to EnEV 2009?
years, the average fuel consumption over
several years must be determined. For insulation to EnEV 2009, Tab. 6 lists a specific heat
load of 30 W/m2. Using formula 8 the heat energy
demand is calculated as follows:
Example:
30,000 litres of fuel oil were needed over the past
· 2 2
10 years to heat a house. How great is the heat load? Q = 150 m  30 W/m = 4500 W = 4,5 kW
The average fuel oil consumption per year is as follows:

Power consumption 30000 Litres 4.3.3 Additional output for DHW heating
----------------------------------------------------------------------- = -------------------------------------------- = 3000 l/a
Period 10 Years If the heat pump is also to be used for DHW heating, the
required additional output must be taken into account
during the design phase.
Using formula 6 the heat energy demand is calculated as The required heating output for DHW heating depends
follows: primarily on the DHW demand. This is based on the
number of persons in the household and the required
· 3000 l/a = 12 kW DHW convenience. In normal residential units, a per-
Q = ---------------------------------------
-
250 l/ a kW person consumption of 30 to 100 litres of domestic hot
water at a temperature of 45 °C is assumed.
The heat load can also be calculated as shown in To be on the safe side during system planning and meet
chapter 4.3.2. The reference values for the specific heat increased consumer requirements for convenience, a
demand are then as follows: heating output of 200 W per person is used.

Type of building insulation Specific heat energy Example:


demand q How great is the additional heating output for a four-
[W/m2] person household with a DHW demand of 50 litres per
Insulation to German Thermal 60...100 person and day?
Insulation Ordinance The additional heating output per person is 0.2 kW. In a
(WSchVO) 1982 four-person household the additional heating output is
Insulation to German Thermal 40...60 therefore calculated as follows:
Insulation Ordinance
(WSchVO) 1995 ·
Q WW = 4  0,2 kW = 0,8 kW
Table 5 Specific heat energy demand
F. 9

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54 | Planning and design of heat pumps

4.3.4 Additional output for blocking times imposed


by the energy supplier
Many energy suppliers (in Germany "EVU") offer
favourable electricity tariffs to promote the installation
of heat pumps. In return for more favourable prices,
energy suppliers impose blocking times for operation of
the heat pumps, e.g. during peak periods in the supply
network.
Operation using single heat source and single energy
source
When operating using a single heat source and a single
energy source, the heat pump must be have a higher
rating in order to be able to cover the required heat
demand throughout the day despite the blocking times.
Theoretically, the factor f for the rating of the heat pump
is calculated as follows:

24 h
f = -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
24 h – Blocking time per day in hours

F. 10
However, the additional power required tends to be less
in practise as all rooms are never heated at once and the
lowest outside temperatures are seldom reached.
The following sizing has proven to be suitable in
practise:
Sum of blocking times Additional output
per day [h] as a percentage of the
heat energy demand [%]
2 5
4 10
6 15
Table 7
It is therefore sufficient to choose a heat pump with a
rating between approx. 5 % (2 blocking hours) and 15 %
(6 blocking hours) higher.
Dual-fuel operation
In the case of dual-energy operation, the blocking times
do not generally cause any problems because the
second heat appliance starts up if necessary.

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 55

4.4 Design for cooling mode Two different operating modes are available for cooling:
SupraEco A SAO-2 HT are reversible heat pumps. The • Cooling above the dew point,
heat pumps can also be used for cooling by reversing the e.g. cooling using an underfloor heating system:
direction of the heat pump circuit process (reversible For operation above the dew point (can be adjusted
mode of operation). The cooling can be carried out via an up to +5 °C) e.g for cooling using the underfloor
underfloor heating system or a cooling convector. heating system, condensation point sensors (up to 5)
In order to be able to start the cooling mode, a CR 10 H must be installed in the most critical areas where
remote control with air humidity sensor is required. condensate can be discharged. These switch the heat
pump off directly when condensate forms in order to
NOTICE: prevent damage to the house. In addition, a buffer
cylinder with vapour diffusion resistant insulation
To protect against corrosion:
must be used.
▶ All pipes and connections must be - or -
appropriately insulated. • Cooling below the dew point,
e.g. cooling with fan convectors:
An energised contact for switching between heating and when operating below the dew point, the entire
cooling mode is made available via the contact PK2 heating system and buffer cylinder must be vapour
(terminal 55 and N of the SEC 20installation module of diffusion resistant.
the HPC 400 user interface). Accumulating condensate, e.g. in fan convectors,
To control the cooling, a MK2 condensation point sensor must be removed.
is required at the flow to the heating circuits. A CR 10 H room temperature-dependent controller must
If a buffer cylinder is used, this must be equipped with be used for cooling:
suitable diffusion-resistant insulation. • in weather-compensated cooling mode with room
Additionally, systems with buffer cylinder require a VC0 influence or room temperature-dependent cooling
diverter valve in order to bring the heat pump flow up to mode via an underfloor heating circuit,
the required flow temperature. A installed components, • when cooling via a cooling convector.
e.g. pipes, pumps, must be equipped with vapour
cooling with an underfloor heating system
diffusion resistant thermal insulation. The indoor units
An underfloor heating system can be used to heat and
of the SupraEco A SAO-2 HT ACE/ACM/ACM are
also cool rooms.
equipped with vapour diffusion resistant thermal
insulation as standard at the factory. In cooling mode, the surface temperature of the
underfloor heating system must not exceed 20 °C. To
The SupraEco A SAO-2 HTACB indoor units ensure that criteria in relation to comfort are complied
do not have vapour diffusion resistant with and to avoid the formation of dew water, the
thermally insulation as standard and are surface temperature limits must be observed.
therefore not suitable for cooling below the A condensation point sensor must be installed, e.g. in
dew point. the flow of the underfloor heating system, in order to
Cooling via radiators is not permitted. record the dew point. This can prevent condensate
The cooling mode is controlled by the 1st formation, also during short-term weather fluctuations.
heating circuit (T0 flow temperature sensor The minimum flow temperature when cooling with an
and CR 10 H room temperature-dependent underfloor heating system and minimum surface
controller with air humidity sensor). Cooling temperature depend on the climatic relationships in the
using the 2nd heating circuit only is room in each case (air temperature and relative
therefore not possible. The Block cooling in humidity). These must be taken into account during the
heating circuit 1 function also blocks the planning.
cooling mode in heating circuit 2.
When using a CR 10 H room temperature-dependent
controller (with humidity sensor) in the reference room
for the heating circuit to be cooled, no additional
condensation point sensor is required.

To prevent the risk of slipping:


Do not cool underfloor heating circuits in
damp rooms (e.g. bathroom and kitchen).

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56 | Planning and design of heat pumps

Cooling load calculation


According to VDI 2078, the cooling load can be precisely calculated. In order to roughly calculate the cooling load
(based on VDI 2078), the following standard form can be used.
Pre-printed form for rough calculation of the cooling load of a room (based on VDI 2078)
Address Description of room
Name: Length: Area:
Street number: Width: Volume:
Location: Height: Use:
1 Solar exposure through windows and outside doors
Levelling Unprotected window Solar protection degradation co-
efficient
Single Double Thermo- Internal Awning External Specific Window Window
glazed glazed pane blind blind cooling load surface surface
[W/m2] [W/m2] glazed [W/m2] [m2] [m2]
[W/m ]2

North 65 60 35 × 0.7 × 0.3 × 0.15


Northeast 80 70 40
East 310 280 155
Southeast 270 240 135
South 350 300 165
Southwest 310 280 155
West 320 290 160
Northwest 250 240 135
Roof window 500 380 220
Total
2 walls, floor, ceiling excluding window and door openings already accounted for
External wall Levelling
Sunny Shady Spec. cooling Area Cooling
[W/m2] [W/m2] load [W/m2] [m2] load [W]
North, East 12 12
South 30 17
West 35 17
Internal wall of non air-conditioned rooms 10
Floor of non air-conditioned rooms 10
Ceiling Of non air-
conditioned room Not insulated Insulated
[W/m2] [W/m2] [W/m2]
Flat roof Pitched Flat roof Pitched
roof roof
10 60 50 30 25
Total
3 electrical appliances that are in operation
Connected load Degradation coefficient Cooling load
[W] [W]
Lighting 0.75
Computer 0.75
Machines 0.75
Total
4 Heat produced by persons
Qty Specific cooling load Cooling load
[W/person] [W]
Not physically active up to light work 120
Total
5 Total cooling loads
Total from 1: Total from 2: Total from 3: Total from 4: Total cooling load
[W]
+ + + =
Table 8

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 57

4.5 Design of heat pump energy demand for the building and DHW heating. In
Heat pumps are normally designed for the following the event of demand peaks the shortfall is covered by
modes of operation: an electric booster heater.
• Mode of operation with single heat source: • Duel-fuel mode of operation:
The heat pump satisfies the entire heat energy The majority of the heat energy demand for the
demand for the building and for DHW heating (less building and DHW heating is satisfied by the heat
usual for air to water heat pumps). pump. In the event of demand peaks, the shortfall is
• Mode of operation with single energy source: met by an additional heat source (oil, gas, electric
The heat pump satisfies the majority of the heat booster heater).

4.5.1 Mode of operation with single energy source


The mode of operation using a single energy source and the DHW heating, depending on the requirements.
always takes into account that peak outputs are not To do this, the required power in each case must be
covered exclusively by the heat pump, but also with the contributed in stages (up to 9 kW).
assistance of an immersion heater. We recommend the It is important to configure the heat pump so the share
heat pump be configured so that the dual-fuel of direct electrical energy supplied is as low as possible.
switchover point at dual-fuel parallel or single energy If the rating of the heat pump is significantly too low, the
source mode of operation is at −5 °C. At this dual-fuel share of energy provided by the immersion heater will be
switchover point, the heat pump achieves a share of undesirably high and will lead to increased electricity
heating energy coverage in accordance with DIN 4701 costs.
Part 10 of approx. 98 %. The immersion heater must
then only contribute 2 %. This supports both the heating

Dual-fuel switchover –10 –9 –8 –7 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5


point Biv [°C]
Output share  0.77 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.54 0.50 0.46 0.42 0.38 0.35 0.31 0.27 0.23 0.19
Share of coverage H.a 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.93 0.90 0.87 0.83 0.77 0.70 0.61
at dual-fuel parallel
operation
Share of coverage H.a 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.94 0.93 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.78 0.71 0.64 0.55 0.46 0.37 0.28 0.19
with dual-fuel alternating
operation
Table 9 Excerpt from DIN 4701 Part 10
Example:
What should the output of the heat pump be (operation The total heat energy demand for heating and DHW
A2/35) in a building with a living area of 150 m2, 30 W/ heating is:
m2 specific heat energy demand, a standard external
temperature of –12 °C, four persons with 50 litres DHW
demand per day and four hours blocking time by energy Q HL = Q H + Q WW
supplier each day?
Using formula 8 the heat energy demand is calculated as
follows: Q HL = 4500 W + 800 W = 5300 W

2 2
Q H = 150 m  30 W/m = 4500 W = 4,5 kW
To provide the additional output required as a result of
blocking times, the heat energy demand 4.3.4 to be
covered by the heat pump must be increased by roughly
The additional output required to prepare DHW is 200 W 10 % with a blocking time of four hours ( Table 7):
per person per day. In a four-person household the
additional output is therefore calculated as follows: Q WP = 1,1  Q HL

F. 11
Q WW = 4  200 W = 800 W

Q WP = 1,1  5300 W = 5830 W

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58 | Planning and design of heat pumps

4.5.2 Dual-fuel mode of operation


The dual-fuel mode of operation always requires a In Germany, we recommend the following dual-fuel
second heat source, e.g. an oil boiler or a wall mounted switchover points:
gas boiler.
Normal outside Dual-fuel switchover
The dual-fuel switchover point refers to the outside temperature points
temperature up to which the heat pump covers the [°C] [°C]
calculated heat energy demand without the assistance
–16 -4...-7
of a second heat source.
–12 -3...-6
Definition of the dual-fuel switchover point is crucial for
–10 -2...-5
the configuration of a heat pump. The outside
temperatures in Germany depend on the local climatic Table 10 Dual-fuel switchover points to DIN-EN 12831
conditions. However, as the outside temperature only
falls below –5 °C for roughly 20 days a year on average, The dual-fuel switchover point can also be
a parallel heating system, e.g. an electric booster heater, set at lower temperatures for houses with
is only required for a few days a year to support the heat low heat energy demands ( fig. 25).
pump.

.
Q [kW]
22

20

4
18

16
3

14

12

10
2

8 1

0
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20
T [°C]
6 720 811 620-10.2T

Fig. 23 Dual-fuel switchover point, heat pump output curves for heat pumps SAO ...-2 at 55 °C flow temperature
(schematic illustration)
Q Heating output demand
T Outside temperature
[1] Output curve SAO 60-2
[2] Output curve SAO 80-2
[3] Output curve SAO 110-2
[4] Output curve SAO 140-2

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 59

.
Q [kW]
22

20

18

16
4
14

12 3
10
2
8
1
6

0
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20
T [°C]
6 720 811 620-09.2T

Fig. 24 Dual-fuel switchover point, heat pump output curves for heat pumps SAO ...-2 at 45 °C flow temperature
(schematic illustration)
Q Heating output demand
T Outside temperature
[1] Output curve SAO 60-2
[2] Output curve SAO 80-2
[3] Output curve SAO 110-2
[4] Output curve SAO 140-2

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60 | Planning and design of heat pumps

.
Q [kW]
22

20

18

16

14 4

12 3

10 D C
2
8
1
6

2 A

0
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20
B T [°C]
6 720 811 620-02.2T

Fig. 25 Dual-fuel switchover point, heat pump output curves for heat pumps SAO ...-2 at 35 °C flow temperature
(schematic illustration)
Q Heating output demand
T Outside temperature
[A] Building characteristic curve
[B] Standard outside temperature
[C] Dual-fuel switchover point of the selected heat
pump (SAO 80-2)
[D] Required output of second heat source at normal
temperature
[1] Output curve SAO 60-2
[2] Output curve SAO 80-2
[3] Output curve SAO 110-2
[4] Output curve SAO 140-2

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 61

.
Q [kW]
10
1
8
2 3
6

0
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20
T [°C]
6 720 818 101-01.1T

Fig. 26 Output curve of the SAO 90-2 HT heat pump at 35/45/55 °C flow temperature (schematic illustration)
Q Heating output demand
T Outside temperature
[1] Max. W55
[2] Max. W45
[3] Max. W35
.
Q [kW]
8

7 1

0
-20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
T [°C]
6 720 818 101-02.1T

Fig. 27 DHW output curve of the SAO 90-2 HT heat pump


Q DHW output demand
T Outside temperature
[1] Max. W55

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62 | Planning and design of heat pumps

.
Q [kW]
22

20

18
1
16
2 3
14

12

10

0
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20
T [°C]
6 720 818 101-03.1T

Fig. 28 Output curve of the SAO 150-2 HT heat pump at 35/45/55 °C flow temperature (schematic illustration)
Q Heating output demand
T Outside temperature
[1] Max. W55
[2] Max. W45
[3] Max. W35

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 63

.
Q [kW]
16

14 1

12

10

0
-20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
T [°C]
6 720 818 101-04.1T

Fig. 29 DHW output curve of the SAO 90-2 HT heat pump


Q DHW output demand Example ( fig. 25)
T Outside temperature Total output demand (output + output demand for DHW
[1] Max. W55 heating) × Blocking time = total output demand at
standard design point
For temperatures higher than -7 °C, fig. 25
·
shows the heating output curves for the Q req = 12 kW
heat pumps in operation with 100 % output.
F. 12 Required total output demand, heat pump
Output curves:
The selected heat pump has an output of 7.3 kW at the
•  section 5.1.6, page 86 standard design point. The additional output to be
The heat energy demand in the temperature range to the supplied by electric heater rods (single energy source)
right of the dual-fuel switchover point can be satisfied or a second heat source (dual-fuel) is calculated as
exclusively by the heat pump. The additional output follows:
required is represented by the line between the curves
in the temperature range to the left of the dual-fuel · · ·
switchover points. Q add = Q req – Q WP(–16 °C) = 12 kW – 7,3 kW = 4,7 kW
To select a suitable heat pump, the building F. 13 Output required in addition to heat pump
characteristic curve [A] is superimposed on the output
curves in figure 25. It can quite simply be a straight line As a rule, the additional heat output amounts to approx.
between the required output determined at the 50 % to 60 % of the required output. Although the
standard design point (in the example –12 °C, 12 kW) output share of the electric booster heater is relatively
and an output of 0 kW at 20 °C. large, the share of energy provided is only approx. 2 % to
If the intersection of the building characteristic curve 5 % of the annual heating energy.
with an output curve is near the envisaged dual-fuel The determined dual-fuel switchover point is ‒4.5 °C.
switchover point, the corresponding heat pump can be
used; the SAO 80-2 heat pump was selected in the 4.5.3 Heat Insulation
example. All heat and cold-carrying lines must be sufficiently
thermally insulated according to the applicable
The additional output requirement is the distance
standards.
between the output curve and the building
characteristic curve at the standard design point, and is
satisfied by electric heater rods or a floor standing
boiler.

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64 | Planning and design of heat pumps

4.5.4 Expansion vessel 4.6 Swimming pool heating


The SupraEco A The following components are required to transfer the
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACE/ACM/ACM solar heat pump output of the heat pump:
compact units are equipped with an expansion vessel. • Plate heat exchanger:
The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT B heat pump compact units The transfer rate of the plate heat exchanger must be
do not have an integral expansion vessel. adapted to the output and maximum flow
temperature of the heat pump. The exchanger
Heat pump Volume of the
requires between approx. 5 and 7 times the surface
expansion vessel
area of a boiler system with a design temperature of
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACE 10 l 90 °C flow temperature.
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACM/ 14 l • EMS 2 pool module MP 100:
ACM-solar A swimming pool heating system can be controlled via
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACB – this module.
Table 11 Volumes of the integrated expansion vessels • Swimming pool thermostat:
The request is sent to the heat pump via a swimming
With heating systems with a large water volume pool thermostat
(systems with buffer cylinders; refurbishment of old • Swimming pool filter
systems) the installation of an additional (on-site) • Filter pump
expansion vessel must be verified.
• Swimming pool charging pump
The plate heat exchanger is connected parallel to the
heating circuit and the DHW heating. The thermostat
ensures that the swimming pool charging pump and
filter system are switched on. It must be ensured that
the secondary pump of the swimming pool circuit is
running when the swimming pool requires heat to
ensure the energy generated can also be transferred.
Furthermore, the filter must not be backflushed during
the heat-up phase. Therefore, the backflush must be
capable of being locked.

The pressure drop of the swimming pool


heat exchanger must be observed when
sizing the pipework.

MP100

MC1
Pool

TC1

VC1

6 720 811 620-06.2T

Fig. 30 Example showing a swimming pool system


Key to fig. 30 and 31:
M Mixing valve motor
MC1 Temperature switch in assigned heating circuit
MP 100 Swimming pool module
Pool Pool
TC1 Swimming pool temperature sensor
VC1 Swimming pool diverter valve

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 65

4.7 Setting up the SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT air to


MP100 24V water heat pump
4 5 6
OC1 MD1
2
3 7
8 As a basic rule, the constructional
1 2 3 1 2
1
0 10
9
circumstances and resultant installation
options of the SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-
2 HT heat pump and the ACB/ACE/ACM/
120/230 V AC 24V ACM solar compact units must always be
120/230VAC 120/230VAC VC1 MC1 PC1 T0 TC1 BUS BUS checked before planning the system.
N L N L N 43 44 15 16 N 63 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

4.7.1 Installation location


4 Sound pressure level reductions can be achieved using
constructional measures.
230 V AC

230 V AC

43 44

N The installation location must meet the following


1 2
requirements:
BUS

BUS
M

• The outdoor unit must be accessible from all sides.


VC1 MC1 TC1
6 720 811 620-07.1O
• The clearance from the outdoor unit to walls, paths,
terraces, etc. must not be less than the minimum
Fig. 31 Electrical wiring of a swimming pool system
dimensions.

≥ 1200

≥ 6000

≥ 2000 ≥ 2000

≥ 400

6 720 818 101-06.1T

Fig. 32 Minimum wall clearances of SAO ...-2 in mm

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66 | Planning and design of heat pumps

≥800

6 720 810 160-10.1I


≥ 2000
Fig. 34 Avoid setting up in locations surrounded by walls

The regulations of the “Technical directive


≥ 500 ≥ 1000 on noise abatement in Germany” (TA Lärm)
and the regulations of the relevant regional
building code must be complied with.
≥ 500
4.7.2 Base
• The heat pump must always be installed and
6 720 818 101-05.1T anchored on a permanently fixed, level, smooth and
horizontal surface.
Fig. 33 Minimum wall clearances of SAO ...-2 HT in mm
• The heat pump must be set up horizontally in full
• The clearance from the heat pump to walls, paths, contact with the base.
terraces etc. should be at least 6 m (2 m) for SAO-2
(SAO-2 HT).
• The installation of a sink is not permitted as the cold
air moves downwards which means that a air short
circuit occurs on the intake side instead of a change
of air.
• Ideally, heat pumps should be set up so the discharge
is towards the road as rooms requiring protection are A
rarely on the side of the building facing the road.
• Do not install with the discharge side immediately
next to neighbours (terrace, balcony, etc.). A
• Do not install with the discharge side towards the
prevailing wind direction.
• When setting up, the heat pump should be anchored B B B
to the floor to protect against strong winds.
• When setting up in a windswept area, measures must
be taken on-site to prevent the wind affecting the fan
6 720 810 160-11.1I
speed. Hedges, fences, walls (taking the minimum
clearances into account) for example can provide Fig. 35 Conditions for the base
protection against the wind. [A] Only for SAO ...-2: Fastening with 4 M10 × 120 mm
• Observe wind loads. (not included in the scope of delivery)
• Do not install in the corners of rooms or in recesses, [B] Level base with sufficient load bearing capacity,
as this can lead to sound reflections and intensify e.g. concrete foundations
noise pollution. Blowing directly at house or garage
walls must therefore be avoided as well. The SAO ...-2 HT heat pumps can be set-up
• Do not install directly next to or below bedroom on a load bearing and flat base. Adjustable
windows. feet and fixing screws are not required.
• Avoid setting up in locations surrounded by walls.

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 67

4.7.3 Set-up of the foundation with drainage


Heat pump A B
The SupraEco A SAO-2 HTheat pump is placed on a
SAO 60-2 510 mm 630 mm
stable base, e.g. a cast foundation. The foundation must
SAO 80-2
have a lead-through for pipes and cables. The pipes must
be insulated. SAO 110-2 680 mm 700 mm
SAO 140-2
Table 12 Foundation clearances and lengths

≥200

2
1

B
5 4 3

≤90
≤150
1 1 6 A
6 720 811 620-29.2O

Fig. 37 Position of foundations and pipes (SAO ...-2)


A Distance between foundations
2
B Length of foundations
≥ 90 cm

[1] Outdor unit


[2] Concrete foundations
[3] Condensate tube
[4] Electrical cables
3 [5] Flow and return line
[5] Cover hood for INPA installation package

1 2
4
3
B A

4
C

6 720 810 161-10.2O 5


Fig. 36 Condensate pipe in gravel bed (SAO ...-2)
6
[1] Concrete foundations
[2] Gravel 300 mm 6 720 818 101-09.1T
[3] Condensate tube 40 mm
Fig. 38 Condensate pipe in a gravel bed (SAO ...-2 HT)
[4] Gravel bed
The following clearances must be respected to ensure A 100 mm
that the INPA installation package and the cover hood for B 300 mm
the INPA can be assembled without a problem. C Frost depth
[1] Flow heating
[2] Return heating
[3] Foundation
[4] Condensate pipe
[5] Condensate tube
[6] Gravel bed

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68 | Planning and design of heat pumps

4.7.4 Condensate hose In addition to the power supply, the heat pump
Condensate is produced when carrying out the (outdoor) and compact unit (indoor) are also equipped
necessary de-icing and defrosting of the evaporator. As with a signal line so the HPC 400 controller can
up to 10 l/h of condensate may be produced during any communicate with the outdoor unit. This signal line or
one defrosting operation, the condensate must be safely bus connection line must contain at least 2 × 2 wire
discharged into the drainage material or to the pairs with a cross-section of 0.75 mm2 and must be
connection to the building drainage system. screened. The shielding is connected on both sides in
• The condensate must be discharged via a suitable the HPC 400 to the "PE" terminal.
drain pipe with a diameter of at least 50 mm which is The BUS connecting lead must be installed in a suitable
not exposed to frost. If water-permeable layers are conduit. The power supply and BUS connection line
installed, it is normally sufficient to route the pipe to must be routed separately.
a depth of 90 cm in a gravel bed.
4.7.7 Air discharge and air intake side
• Discharge into the sewer system is only permitted via
• The air intake and discharge side must be clear.
a siphon which should also be accessible at all times
• The heat pump should not be set up with the air
for maintenance.
discharge side (loud side of the appliance) facing
• A sufficient gradient must exist in order to do this.
towards the house.
To prevent freezing of the condensate hose, an electric • The air discharged from the heat pump is roughly 5 K
heating cable can be installed. It is only switched on in colder in the exit area than the ambient temperature.
defrosting mode at freezing outside temperatures and This area is therefore susceptible to premature ice
continues heating for up to 30 minutes (adjustable) after formation.
the defrosting operation has finished. The air must therefore not be discharged directly at
4.7.5 Earthwork walls, terraces and pavements.
Earthwork is necessary in order to construct the plinth • Installation of the discharge and intake side below or
for the heat pump. directly in the vicinity of bedrooms or other rooms
requiring protection should be avoided.
Construction measures are also required to install the
• If the outlet on the discharge or intake side is in a
insulated heating pipes and to establish the electrical
corner of the house, between two house walls or in a
connections between the heat pump and the inside of
recess, sound may be reflected and the sound
the building.
pressure level may increase.
4.7.6 Electrical connection • Attachment of air ducts, baffles or sheet metal panels
SupraEco A Power supply Circuit breaker is not permitted.
SAO 60-2 1~/N/PE, 1-phase, C16 4.7.8 Sound
SAO 80-2 230 V/50 Hz • To avoid noise bridges, the base of the heat pump
SAO 110-2 3~/N/PE, 3-phase, C16 must be sealed along its entire perimeter.
SAO 140-2 400 V/50 Hz • To prevent air short circuits and increased sound
SAO 90-2 HT 1~/N/PE, 1-phase, C20 pressure levels due to reflection of noise, do not set
230 V/50 Hz up the heat pump in recesses, corners where two
SAO 150-2 HT 3~/N/PE, 3-phase, C16 walls meet or between two walls.
400 V/50 Hz For details on sound and sound propagation  page 71.
Table 13 Power supply to the heat pumps 4.7.9 Pipe connections to the heating connection
The cable cross-section depends on the cable length and • The heat pump is connected to the heating system
is therefore determined by the electrician on-site. inside the building preferably with insulated district
heating pipes. ( description of accessories).
The SupraEco A SAO-2 HT heat pump is an item of
• To protect against frost, the pipes should be installed
electrical equipment in protection class 1 and is
roughly 20 cm below the frost penetration depth.
permanently connected to the power supply. Therefore,
• The heat pump can be connected from the side or
operation via a circuit breaker is not necessary. If a
from below. The connections are located at the rear
circuit breaker is required, either due to the technical
of the heat pump and should be covered by a cover
connection conditions of the regional utility company or
hood (accessory). All lines around the cover should be
by the customer, an AC/DC sensitive circuit breaker
professionally thermally insulated to prevent cooling.
must be installed in the outdoor unit to protect the
The flexible pipes in the INPA installation package
special electronics.
have proven very useful for this purpose.
The distance between the outdoor and
indoor unit must not exceed 30 m.

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 69

4.7.10 Heating water connection


The following minimum heating water flows must be The pressure losses and minimum pipe
observed for sizing the pipe between compact unit and cross-sections are stated in the
heat pump, especially for de-icing the evaporator: specifications.

SupraEco A Heating Minimum heating


water water flow [l/h]
connection
SAO 60-2 R 1 AG 1150
SAO 80-2
SAO 110-2 R 1 AG 2000
SAO 140-2
SAO 90-2 HT CU 28 mm –
SAO 150-2 HT
Table 14 Minimum heating water rate for SAO ...-2/
SAO ...-2 HT pipes
Hydraulic and electrical connections between heat pump (outdoor) and compact unit (indoor)

min. 900

400

1 3

6 5 6 720 811 619-30.1O

Fig. 39 Passage (dimensions in mm)


[1] Main connection
1-phase: SAO 60-2, SAO 80-2, SAO 90-2 HT
3-phase: SAO 110-2, SAO 140-2, SAO 150-2 HT
[2] CAN-BUS-LYCHY cable (TP) 2 × 2 × 0.75 mm2 or
equivalent
[3] Additional 230-V cable
[4] Protective pipe for CAN-BUS (minimum distance
100 mm to voltage-carrying cables)
[5] Gasket for flow and return pipe
[6] Flow and return

Pipes and connecting leads are installed in a


passage between house and foundation.
The distance between the outdoor and
indoor unit must not exceed 30 m.

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70 | Planning and design of heat pumps

A B C D T1 E
400 V AC
230 V AC
8 9 10 11
1 2
3
12b
6 7
12c

13

4 5 12a

6 720 818 101-10.1T

Fig. 40 Overview of cables

No. Designation Minimum cable cross-


section
A Sub-distribution board for house –
B Inverter –
C CR 10/CR 10 H remote control –
D ACE/ACB/ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit –
E SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT air to water heat pump –
T1 Outside temperature sensor –
[1] Energy supplier blocking signal 2 2 × 0.40...0.75 mm2
[2] Control unit ready signal 2 2 × 0.40...0.75 mm2
[3] Additional 230-V cable1) 3 × 1.5 mm2
[4] 400 V AC for ACE/ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit 5 × 2.5 mm2
[5] 230 V AC for heat pump compact unit ACB 3 × 1.5 mm2
[6] Activation of PV function 2 × 0.40 ... 0.75 mm2
[7] CAN-BUS cable; e.g. LIYCY (TP) screened or H05 W-... < 100 m: 2 × 2 × 0.50 mm2
> 100 m: 2 × 2 × 0.75 mm2
[8] Cable to flow temperature sensor T0 2 × 0.40...0.75 mm2
[9] Cable to cylinder temperature sensor TW1 2 × 0.40...0.75 mm2
[10] Cable to MK2 condensation point sensor 2 × 0.40...0.75 mm2
[11] Cable to outside temperature sensor T1 2 × 0.40...0.75 mm2
[12a] 230 V AC for heat pumps SAO 60-2, SAO 80-2 and SAO 90-2 HT 3 × 1.5 mm2
[12b] 400 V AC for heat pumps SAO 110-2, SAO 140-2 and SAO 150-2 HT 5 × 2.5 mm2
[12c] 230 V AC for heat pumps SAO 90-2 HT and SAO 150-2 HT 3 × 1.5 mm2
[13] CAN-BUS cable; e.g. LIYCY (TP) screened 2 × 2 × 0.75 mm2
Table 15 Key to Fig. 40
1) Only when using the energy supplier blocking signal must an additional 230-V cable must be routed to the indoor unit for the control
system to remain continuously in operation, despite the energy supplier block.

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 71

4.8 Setup of heat pump compact unit (ACE/ increase of 10 dB is required to perceive a sound as
ACB/ACM/ACM-solar) being twice as loud.

As a basic rule, the constructional Sound propagation outdoors


circumstances and corresponding As described above, the sound power dissipates over an
installation options of the SupraEco A increasing area and a growing distance, so that the
SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT indoor and outdoor resulting sound pressure level is reduced at greater
unit must be checked in every case before distances ( fig. 41).
planning the system.
N

The installation location must be frost-free and dry. 10 m

The compact units of SupraEco A/ACE/ACB are installed 5m

on the wall. The wall must have a sufficient load bearing 1m


capacity and be sufficiently stable for the compact unit
W O
in terms of its structure and characteristics.
The heat pump compact units with integrated DHW
cylinders ofSupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT ACM/
ACM-solar are designed for floor-standing installation.
The load-bearing capacity of the floor must be sufficient.
The weight of the compact unit with DHW cylinder must S
A [dB]
be taken into account if the indoor unit is to be installed,
40
e.g. on the first floor or on a wooden beam ceiling. Have
the load-bearing capacity checked by a structural
engineer beforehand if in doubt.
35 1

4.9 Sound insulation requirements 30

4.9.1 Technical principles of sound and terminology


25
Whether heat pumps, cars or aeroplanes, everything that
makes a noise generates sound waves. The air around 2
the source of the sound produces vibrations which 20
spread out in the form of a pressure wave. This pressure
wave becomes audible for us when it causes the 15
eardrum to vibrate.
To measure airborne noise, the technical terms sound 10
pressure and sound power are used:
• The sound power or sound power level is a typical 5
measurement of the source of the sound. It can only
be calculated from measurements taken at a defined 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
distance from the source of the sound. It describes
B [m]
the total sound energy (change in air pressure) that is 6 720 811 620-08.2T
delivered to all directions.
Fig. 41 Reduction in sound pressure level with increasing
If we consider the total sound power emitted and
distance to the heat pump
relate this to the surface area of the building envelope
at a certain distance, the value will always remain A Reduction in sound pressure level
constant. B Distance to sound source
The sound power level can be used to compare the N North
acoustic properties of different appliances. O East
• The sound pressure describes the change in air S South
pressure caused by the air starting to vibrate as a W West
result of the noise source. The greater the change in [1] Without reflection
air pressure, the louder the sound is perceived to be. [2] Partial reflection
The sound pressure level measurement always Furthermore, at a certain point, the value for the sound
depends on the distance from the sound source. The pressure level is dependent on the sound propagation.
sound pressure level is the technical measurement
that is definitive for adherence to the immissions The following environmental conditions influence the
requirements of TA-Lärm, for example. sound propagation:
• The sound radiation from sources of sound is • Diffraction caused by solid obstacles, such as
measured and stated in decibels (dB). This is a scale buildings, walls or landforms
of reference on which 0 dB approximately represents • Reflections from reverberative surfaces such as
the threshold of hearing. Doubling the decibel level, plastered walls or glass facades of buildings, or
e.g. with a second sound source that has the same asphalt and stone surfaces
sound radiation, equates to an increase of
approximately 3 dB. For average human hearing, an

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72 | Planning and design of heat pumps

• Reduction in sound propagation with sound-


absorbing surfaces, such as freshly fallen snow, bark
mulch, or similar.
• Amplification or attenuation from air humidity and air
temperature, or the prevailing wind direction.
Approximate determination of sound pressure level
based on the sound power level
In order to assess the installation location of the heat Q=4
pump from an acoustic standpoint, the anticipated
sound pressure levels at rooms requiring protection
must be estimated arithmetically. These sound pressure
levels are calculated based on the sound power level of 6 720 648 967-15.1il

the appliance, the installation situation (rectification


factor Q) and the corresponding distance to the heat Fig. 43 Heat pump or air inlet/outlet (with indoor
pump using the formula 14: installation) on a house wall,
emission in the quarter-space (Q = 4);
Image source: “Sound Manual” of Federal Heat
L Aeq = L WAeq + 10  log  -------------------------
Q 
-
 2 Pump Association (BWP).
4r
F. 14
L Aeq (10 m) = 61 dB(A) + 10  log  ----------------------------------------------
-
4
LAeq Sound pressure level at the receiver  2
LWAeq Sound power level at the sound source 4    (10 m)
Q Rectification factor (takes the physical emission
conditions at the sound source into account,
e.g. house walls)
r Distance between receiver and sound source L Aeq (10 m) = 36 dB(A)
Examples:
The purpose of the following examples of typical
installation situations of heat pumps is to illustrate the
calculation of the sound pressure level. The initial values
are a sound power level of 61 dB(A) and a distance of
10 m between the heat pump and building.

Q=8

Q=2

6 720 648 967-16.1il

Fig. 44 Heat pump or air inlet/outlet (with indoor


installation) on a house wall with re-entrant
6 720 811 620-25.1O facade corner, emission in the eighth-space (Q =
8);
Fig. 42 Freestanding outdoor installation of the heat
Image source: “Sound Manual” of Federal Heat
pump, emission in the half-space (Q = 2);
Pump Association (BWP).
Image source: “Sound Manual” of Federal Heat
Pump Association (BWP).
L Aeq (10 m) = 61 dB(A) + 10  log  ----------------------------------------------
-
8
 2
4    (10 m)
L Aeq (10 m) = 61 dB(A) + 10  log  -----------------------------------------------
2
 2
4    (10 m)

L Aeq (10 m) = 39 dB(A)


L Aeq (10 m) = 33 dB(A)

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 73

The following table makes the approximate calculation easier:


Rectification Sound pressure level LP [dB(A)] based on the sound power level LWAeq measured at the
factor Q appliance/outlet at a distance from the sound source [m]
Clearance 1 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 15
2 –8 –14 –20 –22 –23.5 –26 –28 –29.5 –31.5
4 –5 –11 –17 –19 –20.5 –23 –25 –26.5 –28.5
6 –2 –8 –14 –16 –17.5 –20 –22 –23.5 –25.5
Table 16 Calculation of the sound pressure level based on the sound power level

4.9.2 Limits for sound emissions inside and outside buildings


In Germany, the "Technical Guide on Noise Control" (TA- Outside buildings
Lärm) regulates the calculation and assessment of noise When installing heat pumps outside buildings, observe
immissions using standard values. Noise immissions are the following standard immissions values:
evaluated in section 6 of the TA-Lärm. The operator of
Area/building Immissions
the system that causes the noise is responsible for
limits
adhering to the immissions limits.
[dB(A)]
Individual sound peaks may briefly exceed the
immissions limits as follows: Industrial area 70
• Daytime (06:00 h–22:00 h): by < 30 dB(A) Commercial area Day 60
• Nighttime (22:00 h–06:00 h): by < 20 dB(A) Night 50
Town centres, village areas Day 60
The definitive sound immissions are to be calculated 0.5
and mixed use areas Night 45
m away from the middle of the open window (outside
the building) of the room that requires protection and is General residential areas Day 55
most affected by the noise. and small residential Night 40
estates
The following limits are decisive:
Residential areas only Day 50
Inside buildings Night 35
The standard emission values for the rating level of Spa areas, hospitals and Day 45
external rooms requiring protection from noise nursing homes Night 35
transferred inside buildings or structure-borne noise
Table 18 Standard immissions values outside buildings
transmission are:
Rooms requiring protection Immissions 4.9.3 Influence of installation location on the sound
limits and vibration emissions of heat pumps
The sound and vibration emissions of heat pumps can be
[dB(A)]
significantly reduced by choosing a suitable installation
• Living rooms and Day 35 location ( chapter 4.7).
bedrooms Night 25
• Children's room
• Workrooms/offices
• Classrooms/
seminar rooms
Table 17 Standard emission values inside buildings
When setting up heat pumps within buildings, so-called
“rooms requiring protection” (according to DIN 4109)
must be taken into account.

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74 | Planning and design of heat pumps

4.10 Water treatment and characteristics – avoiding damage to DHW heating systems
Chapter 3.4.2 of VDI 2035 contains guide values for the Complete demineralisation
fill and top-up water. The risk of scale formation in DHW With complete demineralisation, not only the hardness
heating systems is limited due to the smaller quantity of constituents, such as lime, but also the corrosive agents,
earth alkali and hydrogen carbonate ions when such as chloride, are removed from the fill and top-up
compared to potable water heating systems. However, water. The fill water used in the system must have a
experience in practise has shown that under certain conductivity of 10 mS/cm. Completely demineralised
conditions damage can occur as a result of scale water with this conductivity can be provided by so-called
formation. mixed-bed cartridges as well as by osmosis systems.
These conditions are: After filling with fully demineralised water, a low mineral
• Total DHW heating system output mode of operation in the sense of VDI 2035 is
• Specific system volume established in the heating water after heating mode has
been active for several months. When operating in low-
• Fill and top-up water
mineral mode, the heating water has reached an ideal
• Type and design of heat source
state. The heating water is free from all substances that
The following recommended values for the fill and top- cause hardness, all corrosion agents have been removed
up water must be observed in order to avoid scale and the conductivity is at an extremely low level.
formation:
Summary
Total heating Total Total hardness We recommend the following for SupraEco A SAO ...-2/
output earth alkalis SAO ...-2 HT heat pumps:
[kW] [mol/m3] [ °dH] • No water treatment required with < 16.8 dH and total
50 No No fill and top-up water quantity < three times the system
requirements1) requirements1) volume and < 20 l/kW system volume 
>50...200 2.0 11.2 • If the above general conditions are exceeded  water
>200...600 1.5 8.4 treatment required
Recommendation: use fully demineralised fill and top-
>600 < 0.02 < 0.11
up water. By filling the system with fully-
Table 19 demineralised water, a low-mineral mode of
1) In systems with circulating water heaters and immersion operation can be achieved and corrosion agents
heaters, the recommended value for the total earth alkalis is minimised.
3.0 mol/m3, equivalent to 16.8 d °
Alternative:
Softening of the fill water, if one of the recommended
The recommended values are based on many years of
values described in VDI 2035 is exceeded. The material-
practical experience and the assumption that
specific requirements of the duel-fuel heat source/
• throughout the service life of the system the total fill system of systems with dual-fuel heat sources must be
and top-up quantity is never more than three times observed.
the nominal volume of the heating system
• the specific system volume is < 20 l/kW output
• all measures for avoiding corrosion on the water side
have been carried out according to VDI 2035 sheet 2.
As air to water heat pumps always contain an immersion
heater
, systems with a rating of < 50 kW must be softened, or
another measure taken as described in Section 4, if:
• the total earth alkali content according to the analysis
of the fill and top-up water is higher than the
recommended value
and/or
• greater fill and top-up water quantities are
anticipated
and/or
• the specific system volume is > 20 l/kW output.

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Planning and design of heat pumps | 75

4.11 Annual refrigerant inspection obligation


Inspection obligation on the cooling circuit for air to The Junkers air to water heat pumps are filled with
water heat pumps Refrigerant R-410A.
Regular hydrostatic inspections are specified in The global warming potential of 1 kg R-410A
accordance with the F-Gases Regulation (valid from corresponds to 2088 kg CO2-equivalent.
01.01.2015). These are based on the CO2-equivalent of
An annual refrigerant inspection obligation exists from
the used coolant type.
10 tons of CO2-equivalent.
Calculation of the CO2-equivalent total (example: SAO 60-2)
Refrigerant charge CO2-equivalent CO2-equivalent total

1.75 kg x 2.088 t/kg = 3.650 t

Table 20 Calculation of the CO2-equivalent total (example: SAO 60-2)

Specifications for the inspection obligation on the cooling circuit


Type Completion of Refrigerant charge CO2-equivalent R-410A CO2-equivalent total Inspection
the [kg] [t] [t] obligation
refrigerant
circuit
SAO-2
SAO 60-2 Hermetic 1.75 2.088 3.65 None
SAO 80-2 Hermetic 2.35 2.088 4.91 None
SAO 110-2 Hermetic 3.3 2.088 6.89 None
SAO 140-2 Hermetic 4.0 2.088 8.35 None
SAO-2 HT
SAO 90-2 HT Hermetic 4.2 2.088 8.77 None
SAO 150-2 HT Hermetic 5.5 2.088 11.481) 1x annual
Table 21 Calculation of the CO2-equivalent total (example)
1) An annual refrigerant inspection obligation exists from 10 tons of CO2-equivalent.

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76 | Heat pump system components

4.12 Determining the DHW heating demand


All SupraEco A air to water heat pumps are suitable for 5 Heat pump system components
DHW heating. Enamel-coated DHW cylinders with The air to water heat pumps are a combination of a SAO
straight-tube heat exchanger are used. The DHW ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT outdoor unit and a compact unit
cylinder should also be selected with the output of the installed indoors.
heat pump in mind to ensure the output of the heat
The heat pump compact units have four equipment
pump can be transferred.
versions:
4.12.1 Definition of small and large systems • ACE = single energy source, with 9 kW heater rod;
The DHW heating in residential buildings is designed • ACB = dual-fuel operation, with 3-way mixer for
according to DIN 4708. hydraulic connection of external heat sources up to
DVGW defines system sizes in its code of practise W551: 28 kW
• Small systems are classed as all systems in single or • ACM = compact unit with integral 190-litre DHW
two-family homes, irrespective of the capacity of the cylinder, with 9 kW heater rod;
potable water heater and capacity of the pipework. • ACM-solar = compact unit with integral 184-litre DHW
• Buildings in which a cylinder with a capacity of < 400 cylinder and solar heat exchanger, with 9 kW heater
litres is installed and where every pipe has a capacity rod.
of < 3 litres between the potable water heater outlet The designation for the equipment version is appended
and draw-off point. In this case, the DHW circulation to the product designation; e.g. SupraEco A SAO 60-
line is not taken into consideration 2 ACE.
• Large systems are DHW heating systems with cylinder
Properties
capacities > 400 litres and pipe capacities of more
The following components are already integrated into
than 3 litres, e.g. in hotels, residential homes for the
indoor units:
elderly, camping sites or hospitals.
• HE pump
4.12.2 Requirement for potable water heater • HPC 400 heat pump controls
Local instantaneous potable water heater • Mounting option for a EMS-2-module (e.g. MM 100 via
Local instantaneous potable water heaters can be used accessories)
with no further measures required, providing the output • Expansion vessel (ACE: 10 litre, ACM/ACM-solar:
volume downstream of the instantaneous potable water 14 litre)
heater does not exceed 3 litres. • Immersion heater 9 kW (not for SAO ...-2/SAO ...-
2 HT ACB heat pumps)
Potable water storage heaters, central instantaneous
potable water heaters, combi systems and primary Possible combinations
store systems The SupraEco A SAO-2 HT heat pump is designed for
It must be possible to maintain a temperature of > 60 °C outdoor installation and for connecting to a ACM 8/14,
at the DHW outlet of the potable water heater during ACM 8/14 solar, ACE 8/14 or ACB 8/14 heat pump
normal operation. The same applies for central compact unit installed indoors. Table 6 shows the
instantaneous potable water heaters with a volume of possible combinations.
> 3 litres. SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT
Preheating stages / preheating cylinder 60-2 80-2 90-2 110-2 140-2 150-2
DHW heating systems must be designed so the entire HT HT
water content of the preheating stage can be heated to ACB 8 + + + – – –
> 60 °C once a day. ACB 14 – – – + + +
4.12.3 DHW circulation lines ACE 8 + + + – – –
Circulation systems must be installed in small systems ACE 14 – – – + + +
with pipeline capacities < 3 liters between outlet of ACM 8 + + + – – –
DHW heater and draw-off point, and also in large ACM 14 – – – + + +
systems. DHW circulation lines and pumps must be sized
ACM solar 8 + + + – – –
to ensure the DHW temperature in the circulating DHW
system does not fall more than 5 K below the ACM solar 14 – – – + + +
temperature of the cylinder outlet. Floor and/or Table 22 Selection table for heat pump compact unit and
individual lines with a water capacity < 3 litres can be heat pump
built without DHW circulation line. + can be combined; – cannot be combined

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Heat pump system components | 77

5.1 SupraEco SAO ...-2 heat pump


5.1.1 Scope of delivery

1 2 3

6 720 807 773-02.2T

Fig. 45 Scope of delivery of SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT heat pump


[1] Heat pump
[2] Adjustable feet
[3] Cover, side panel and motor cover blower

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78 | Heat pump system components

5.1.2 Appliance overview

6 5 4
6 720 809 169-013.3T

Fig. 46 Components of the heat pump


[1] Electronic expansion valve VR0
[2] Electronic expansion valve VR1
[3] 4-way valve
[4] Pressure switch/pressure sensor
[5] Compressor
[6] Transformer

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Heat pump system components | 79

5.1.3 Dimensions and connections


Heat pump SAO 60-2 / SAO 80-2

1371
404,5

352
75,5

99,2

835,7

6 720 809 169-12.4T

Fig. 47 Dimensions and connections for SAO 60-2 / SAO 80-2, rear
Designation of connections  fig. 51

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80 | Heat pump system components

930
478,25

440
583

10
,5

510

6 720 809 169-23.1I

Fig. 48 Dimensions of SAO 60-2 / SAO 80-2, view from above

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Heat pump system components | 81

Heat pump SAO 110-2 / SAO 140-2

1692
380
400,5

72

132

976
6 720 809 169-18.3T

Fig. 49 Dimensions and connections for SAO 110-2 / SAO 140-2, rear
Designation of connections  fig. 51

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82 | Heat pump system components

1122

523,6
656

548

10
,5

680

6 720 809 169-24.1I

Fig. 50 Dimensions of SAO 110-2 / SAO 140-2, view from above

3 1

<50V 230V
/
400V

2
6 720 809 169-10.5T

Fig. 51 Heat pump connections. Applies for all sizes.


[1] Condensate tube connection
[2] Primary circuit inlet
(return from compact unit) DN25
[3] Primary circuit outlet
(flow to compact unit) DN25

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Heat pump system components | 83

5.1.4 Specifications
1-phase Unit SAO 60-2 SAO 80-2
Operation air/water
Modulation range for A+2/W351) kW 2...6 3...8
Output at A+7/W352) kW 2.96 3.32
COP at A+7/W351) – 4.84 4.88
Output at A-7/W352) kW 6.18 8.43
COP at A-7/W351) – 2.82 2.95
Output at A+2/W352) kW 3.90 5.05
COP at A+2/W351) – 4.13 4.29
Cooling capacity with A35/W7 kW 4.83 6.32
EER with A35/W71) – 3.12 2.90
Cooling capacity with A35/W18 kW 6.71 9.25
EER with A35/W181) – 3.65 3.64
Electrical details
Power supply – 230 V 1N AC, 50 Hz 230 V 1N AC, 50 Hz
IP rating – IP X4 IP X4
Fuse rating for supplying the heat pump via the building A 16 16
connection3)
Maximum power consumption kW 3.2 3.6
Starting current A 2 2
Power consumption with 100 % compressor operation A 13.8 15.8
Phase shift cos  – 0.97 0.96
Heating system
Nominal flow rate m3/h 1.19 1.55
Internal pressure reduction kPa 7.8 10.5
Air and noise generation
Maximum fan motor output (DC transformer) W 180 180
Maximum air flow m3/h 4500 4500
Sound pressure level at a distance of 1 m4) dB(A) 40 40
Sound power level4) dB(A) 53 56
Sound power level "Silent mode" 4) dB(A) 50 53
Maximum sound pressure level at a distance of 1 m dB(A) 52 52
Maximum sound power level dB(A) 65 65
General details1)
Refrigerant5) – R410A R410A
Refrigerant charge kg 1.75 2.35
Maximum temperature of flow, heat pump only °C 62 62
Dimensions (W x H x D) mm 930 x 1370 x 440 930 x 1370 x 440
Weight kg 71 75
Table 23 Heat pump
1) Performance data in accordance with EN 14511
2) Output in accordance with EN 14825
3) Fuse class gL or C
4) Sound power level in accordance with EN 12102 (40% A7/W55)
5) GWP100 = 1980

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84 | Heat pump system components

3-phase Unit SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2


Operation air/water
Modulation range for A +2/W351) kW 5.5...11 5.5...14
Output at A +7/W352) kW 5.11 4.80
COP at A +7/W351) – 4.90 4.82
Output at A-7W352) kW 10.99 12.45
COP at A-7/W351) – 2.85 2.55
Output at A +2/W352) kW 7.11 7.42
COP at A +2/W351) – 4.05 4.03
Cooling capacity with A35/W7 kW 8.86 10.17
EER with A35/W71) – 2.72 2.91
Cooling capacity with A35/W18 kW 11.12 11.92
EER with A35/W181) – 3.23 3.28
Electrical details
Power supply – 400 V 3N AC, 50 Hz 400 V 3N AC, 50 Hz
IP rating – IP X4 IP X4
Fuse rating3) A 13 13
Maximum power consumption kW 7.2 7.2
Starting current A 2 2
Power consumption with 100 % compressor operation A 11.2 11.2
Phase shift cos  – 0.98 0.97
Heating system
Nominal flow rate m3/h 2.23 2.92
Internal pressure reduction kPa 15.8 22.9
Air and noise generation
Maximum fan motor output (DC transformer) W 280 280
Maximum air flow m3/h 7300 7300
Sound pressure level at a distance of 1 m4) dB(A) 40 40
Sound power level4) dB(A) 55 53
Sound power level "Silent mode" 4) dB(A) 52 50
Maximum sound pressure level at a distance of 1 m dB(A) 53 54
Maximum sound power level dB(A) 67 68
General details
Refrigerant5) – R410A R410A
Refrigerant charge kg 3.3 4.0
Maximum temperature of flow, heat pump only °C 62 62
Dimensions (W x H x D) mm 1200 x 1680 x 580 1200 x 1680 x 580
Weight kg 130 132
Table 24 Heat pump
1) Performance data in accordance with EN 14511
2) Output in accordance with EN 14825
3) Fuse class gL or C
4) Sound power level in accordance with EN 12102 (40% A7/W55)
5) GWP100 = 1980

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5.1.5 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2


SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACE
SupraEco A Unit SAO 60-2 SAO 80-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2
ACE 8 ACE 8 ACE 14 ACE 14
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central – A++ A++ A++ A++
heating1)
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 5 6 9 10
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under % 145 143 143 145
average climatic conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 53 56 55 53
Table 25 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACE
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACB


SupraEco A Unit SAO 60-2 SAO 80-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2
ACB 8 ACB 8 ACB 14 ACB 14
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central – A++ A++ A++ A++
heating1)
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 5 6 9 10
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under % 145 143 143 145
average climatic conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 53 56 55 53
Table 26 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACB
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACM


SupraEco A Unit SAO 60-2 SAO 80-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2
ACM 8 ACM 8 ACM 14 ACM 14
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central – A++ A++ A++ A++
heating1)
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 5 6 9 10
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under % 145 143 143 145
average climatic conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 53 56 55 53
Class for water heating energy efficiency – A A A A
DHW heating energy efficiency under average climatic % 97 97 89 89
conditions
Load profile – L L L L
Table 27 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACB
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACM-solar


SupraEco A Unit SAO 60-2 SAO 80-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2
ACM-solar 8 ACM-solar 8 ACM-solar 14 ACM-solar 14
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central – A++ A++ A++ A++
heating1)
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 5 6 9 10
Table 28 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACB

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86 | Heat pump system components

SupraEco A Unit SAO 60-2 SAO 80-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2
ACM-solar 8 ACM-solar 8 ACM-solar 14 ACM-solar 14
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating % 145 143 143 145
under average climatic conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 53 56 55 53
Class for water heating energy efficiency – A A A A
DHW heating energy efficiency under average % 97 97 89 89
climatic conditions
Load profile – L L L L
Table 28 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACB
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

5.1.6 Output curves SAO ...-2


PH [kW]
Output curves SupraEco A SAO 60-2 12

COP 10
6
8
1 2 3
5

4
1 2 3 6

4
3
2
2
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15
1
6 720 818 101-13.1T TWQ [°C]
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 Fig. 54 Heat output (PH) SupraEco A SAO 60-2
TWQ [°C]
6 720 818 101-11.1T [1] 35 °C
Fig. 52 Coefficient of performance (COP) SupraEco A [2] 45 °C
SAO 60-2 [3] 55 °C
[1] 35 °C PH Heating capacity
[2] 45 °C TWQ Temperature of heat source
[3] 55 °C
Δp [bar]
COP Coefficient of performance 0,9
TWQ Temperature of heat source 0,8
0,7
PE [kW] 0,6
12 0,5 ΔpHW
0,4
10
0,3
8 0,2
0,1
6
0,0
1 2 3 0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0
4
6 720 644 794-59.2T
VHW [m³/h]
2
Fig. 55 Residual head SupraEco A SAO 60-2
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 p Pressure drop
6 720 818 101-12.1T TWQ [°C] pHW Residual head
Fig. 53 Power consumption (PE) SupraEco A SAO 60-2 VHW Heating water flow rate

[1] 35 °C
[2] 45 °C
[3] 55 °C
PE Power consumption
TWQ Temperature of heat source

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Output curves SupraEco A SAO 80-2


Δp [bar]
COP 0,9
6 0,8
0,7
5
0,6
4
1 2 3 ΔpHW
0,5
0,4
3
0,3
0,2
2
0,1
1 0,0
0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0
0 VHW [m³/h]
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 6 720 644 794-63.2T
TWQ [°C]
6 720 818 101-14.1T Fig. 59 Residual head SupraEco A SAO 80-2
Fig. 56 Coefficient of performance (COP) SupraEco A p Pressure drop
SAO 80-2 pHW Residual head
[1] 35 °C VHW Heating water flow rate
[2] 45 °C Output curves SupraEco A SAO 110-2
[3] 55 °C
COP
COP Coefficient of performance 6
TWQ Temperature of heat source
5

PE [kW]
4
1 2 3
12

3
10

8 2

1
6
1 2 3 0
4 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15
TWQ [°C]
6 720 818 101-17.1T
2
Fig. 60 Coefficient of performance (COP) SupraEco A
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 SAO 110-2
6 720 818 101-15.1T TWQ [°C]
[1] 35 °C
Fig. 57 Power consumption (PE) SupraEco A SAO 80-2 [2] 45 °C
[1] 35 °C [3] 55 °C
[2] 45 °C COP Coefficient of performance
[3] 55 °C TWQ Temperature of heat source
PE Power consumption
TWQ Temperature of heat source PE [kW]
12

PH [kW] 10
12
8
10 1 2 3
6
8

6
1 2 3 4

2
4
0
2 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15
6 720 818 101-18.1T TWQ [°C]
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 Fig. 61 Power consumption (PE) SupraEco A SAO 110-2
6 720 818 101-16.1T TWQ [°C]
[1] 35 °C
Fig. 58 Heat output (PH) SupraEco A SAO 80-2 [2] 45 °C
[1] 35 °C [3] 55 °C
[2] 45 °C PE Power consumption
[3] 55 °C TWQ Temperature of heat source
PH Heating capacity
TWQ Temperature of heat source

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88 | Heat pump system components

PH [kW] PE [kW]
12 12

10 10

8
1 2 3 8
1 2 3
6 6

4 4

2 2

0 0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15
6 720 818 101-19.1T TWQ [°C] 6 720 818 101-21.1T TWQ [°C]

Fig. 62 Heat output (PH) SupraEco A SAO 110-2 Fig. 65 Power consumption (PE) SupraEco A SAO 140-2
[1] 35 °C [1] 35 °C
[2] 45 °C [2] 45 °C
[3] 55 °C [3] 55 °C
PH Heating capacity PE Power consumption
TWQ Temperature of heat source TWQ Temperature of heat source

Δp [bar] PH [kW]
0,9 14

0,8 1 2 3
12
0,7
0,6 10
0,5 ΔpHW
8
0,4
0,3
6
0,2
0,1 4
0,0
0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0 2

6 720 644 794-67.2T


VHW [m³/h]
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15
Fig. 63 Residual head SupraEco A SAO 110-2 6 720 818 101-22.1T TWQ [°C]
p Pressure drop Fig. 66 Heat output (PH) SupraEco A SAO 140-2
pHW Residual head
VHW Heating water flow rate [1] 35 °C
[2] 45 °C
Output curves SupraEco A SAO 140-2 [3] 55 °C
COP PH Heating capacity
6 TWQ Temperature of heat source
5
Δp [bar]
4
1 2 3 0,9
0,8
3 0,7
0,6
2
0,5 ΔpHW
1 0,4
0,3
0
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 0,2
TWQ [°C] 0,1
6 720 818 101-20.1T
0,0
Fig. 64 Coefficient of performance (COP) SupraEco A 0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0

SAO 140-2 6 720 644 794-71.2T


VHW [m³/h]

[1] 35 °C Fig. 67 Residual head SupraEco A SAO 140-2


[2] 45 °C
p Pressure drop
[3] 55 °C
pHW Residual head
COP Coefficient of performance VHW Heating water flow rate
TWQ Temperature of heat source

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Heat pump system components | 89

5.2 SupraEco SAO ...-2 HT


5.2.1 Scope of delivery

6 720 818 101-23.1T

Fig. 68 Scope of delivery of SAO ...-2 HT heat pump


[1] SAO 90/150-2 HT heat pump
[2] Installation manual
5.2.2 Appliance overview

5
6

6 720 818 101-24.1T

Fig. 69 SAO ...-2 HT heat pump components


[1] Collector
[2] Condenser
[3] 4-way valve
[4] Inverter-controlled Copeland scroll compressor
with injection
[5] Preheater
[6] Dry filter
[7] Expansion valve, injection valve

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90 | Heat pump system components

5.2.3 Dimensions and connections

410

490
100

70

1160

1270 593

2 3
4 5 6
900

82
157

100 176
6 720 818 101-25.1T

Fig. 70 Dimensions and connections SAO 90-2 HT

410

1
490
100

70

1380

1490 593

2 3
1045

4 5 6
82
157

100 176
6 720 818 101-26.1T

Fig. 71 Dimensions and connections SAO 150-2 HT


Key to fig. 70 and fig. 71:
[1] Condensate pipe [4] Return from the heating system
[2] Air inlet [5] Flow to heating system
[3] Air outlet [6] Draining/drain

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Unit SAO 90-2 HT SAO 150-2 HT


Heating flow [5]
Connection type Plug-in connection Plug-in connection
Diameter mm 28 28
Heating return [4]
Connection type Plug-in connection Plug-in connection
Diameter mm 28 28
Draining/drain [6] mm 22 22
Table 29 Connection dimensions and types
5.2.4 Specifications
Unit SAO 90-2 HT SAO 150-2 HT
Operation air/water
Modulation range for A+2/W351) kW 3.1...7.1 4.59...13.6
Output at A+7/W352) kW 4.3 7.9
COP at A+7/W351) – 4.55 5.1
Output at A-7/W352) kW 6.9 12.9
COP at A-7/W351) – 2.83 2.94
Output at A+2/W352) kW 4.2 8.4
COP at A+2/W351) – 3.9 4.14
Cooling capacity with A35/W7 kW 3.2 7.5
EER with A35/W71) – 2.72 2.91
Cooling capacity with A35/W18 kW 11.12 11.92
EER with A35/W181) – 2.8 3
Electrical details
Power supply – 230 V 1N AC, 50 Hz 400 V 3N AC, 50 Hz
IP rating – IP14B IP14B
Fuse rating3) A 20 16
Maximum power consumption4) kW 3.5 6
Starting current A 7 5
Power consumption with 100 % compressor operation A – –
Phase shift cos  – – –
Heating system
Nominal flow rate m3/h – –
Internal pressure reduction kPa 6 11
Air and noise generation
Maximum fan motor output (DC transformer) W – –
Maximum air flow m3/h 2300 4000
Sound pressure level at a distance of 1 m5) dB(A) 42 43
Sound power level4) dB(A) 55 56
Sound power level "Silent mode" 5) dB(A) 52 53
Maximum sound pressure level at a distance of 1 m dB(A) 52 53
Maximum sound power level dB(A) 66 68
General details
Refrigerant (GWP100 = 1980) – R410A R410A
Refrigerant charge kg 4.2 5.5
Maximum temperature of flow, heat pump only °C 65 65
Dimensions (W x H x D) mm 1270 x 900 x 593 1490 x 1045 x 593
Weight kg 140 175
Table 30 Heat pump
1) Performance data in accordance with EN 14511
2) Output in accordance with EN 14825
3) Fuse class C
4) EN 14511 at A-7/W55 + fan
5) Sound power level in accordance with EN 12102

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92 | Heat pump system components

5.2.5 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 HT


SupraEco A SAO ...-2 HT ACE
SupraEco A Unit SAO 90-2 HT SAO 150-2 HT
ACE ACE
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central heating1) – A++ A++
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 8 15
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under average climatic % 127 144
conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 55 56
Table 31 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACE
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

SupraEco A SAO ...-2 HT ACB


SupraEco A Unit SAO 90-2 HT SAO 150-2 HT
ACB ACB
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central heating1) – A++ A++
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 8 15
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under average climatic % 127 144
conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 55 56
Table 32 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACE
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

SupraEco A SAO ...-2 HT ACM


SupraEco A Unit SAO 90-2 HT SAO 150-2 HT
ACM ACM
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central heating1) – A++ A++
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 8 15
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under average climatic % 127 144
conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 55 56
Class for water heating energy efficiency – A A
Water heating energy efficiency under average climatic conditions % 97 89
Load profile – L L
Table 33 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACE
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

SupraEco A SAO ...-2 HT ACM-solar


SupraEco A Unit SAO 90-2 HT SAO 150-2 HT
ACM-solar ACM-solar
EU directives for energy efficiency
Class for seasonal energy efficiency for central heating1) – A++ A++
Rated output under average climatic conditions1) kW 8 15
Seasonal energy efficiency for central heating under average climatic % 127 144
conditions1)
Sound power level outdoors dB (A) 55 56
Class for water heating energy efficiency – A A
Water heating energy efficiency under average climatic conditions % 97 89
Load profile – L L
Table 34 Product data for energy consumption SupraEco A SAO ...-2 ACE
1) at 55 °C flow temperature

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5.2.6 Output curves SAO ...-2 HT


Output curves SupraEco A SAO 90-2 HT
Δp [bar]
COP 0,9
7 0,8

6 0,7
0,6
5
1 2 0,5 ΔpHW
4 0,4
0,3
3
0,2
2 0,1

1 0,0
0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0
0 TWQ [°C] 6 720 644 794-63.2T
VHW [m³/h]
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10
6 720 818 101-28.1T
Fig. 75 Residual head SupraEco A SAO 90-2 HT
Fig. 72 Coefficient of performance (COP) SupraEco A
SAO 90-2 HT p Pressure drop
pHW Residual head
[1] 35 °C VHW Heating water flow rate
[2] 55 °C
Output curves SupraEco A SAO 150-2 HT
COP Coefficient of performance
TWQ Temperature of heat source COP
7

PE [kW] 6
7
5
6 1 2
4
5
1 2 3
4
2
3
1
2
0 TWQ [°C]
1 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10
6 720 818 101-31.1T

0 TWQ [°C]
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 Fig. 76 Coefficient of performance (COP) SupraEco A
6 720 818 101-29.1T
SAO 150-2 HT
Fig. 73 Power consumption (PE) SupraEco A SAO 90-2 HT [1] 35 °C
[1] 35 °C [2] 55 °C
[2] 55 °C COP Coefficient of performance
PE Power consumption TWQ Temperature of heat source
TWQ Temperature of heat source
PE [kW]
7
PH [kW]
8 6

7 5
6
1 2 1 2
4
5
3
4
2
3

2 1

1 0 TWQ [°C]
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10
0 6 720 818 101-32.1T
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10
TWQ [°C]
6 720 818 101-30.1T Fig. 77 Power consumption (PE) SupraEco A SAO 150-2
Fig. 74 Heat output (PH) SupraEco A SAO 90-2 HT HT

[1] 35 °C [1] 35 °C
[2] 55 °C [2] 55 °C

PH Heating capacity PE Power consumption


TWQ Temperature of heat source TWQ Temperature of heat source

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94 | Heat pump system components

PH [kW]
14
13
12
11
10
9
8 1 2
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 TWQ [°C]
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10
6 720 818 101-33.1T

Fig. 78 Heat output (PH) SupraEco A SAO 150-2 HT


[1] 35 °C
[2] 55 °C
PH Heating capacity
TWQ Temperature of heat source

Δp [bar]
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5 ΔpHW
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,0
0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0

6 720 644 794-71.2T


VHW [m³/h]

Fig. 79 Residual head SupraEco A 150-2 HT


p Pressure drop
pHW Residual head
VHW Heating water flow rate

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5.3 ACB/ACE/ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit


5.3.1 Scope of delivery

12 6

7
11
8
10
9

6 720 809 064-01.4T

Fig. 80 Scope of delivery, ACB/ACE heat pump compact unit with wall-mounted installation
[1] Indoor unit (example)
[2] Installation instructions, operating instructions
and installation information
[3] Instructions for wall-mounted installation
[4] Cable bushings
[5] Particle filter with strainer
[6] Jumpers for 1-phase installation (with E model)
[7] Appliance for wall-mounted installation1)
[8] Flow temperature sensor (T0)
[9] Outside temperature sensor (T1)
[10] DHW temperature sensor (TW1)
[11] Screws for wall-mounted installation
[12] Connector for connection to the main PCB

1) If the indoor unit is mounted on an unstable wall (e.g.


plasterboard partition wall), an additional beam or board is
required to strengthen the bracket.

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96 | Heat pump system components

1 2

6 3

6 720 809 156-01.3T

Fig. 81 Scope of delivery of the ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit


[1] Heat pump compact unit
[2] Adjustable feet
[3] Operating instructions
[4] Individual parts of safety assembly
with integrated bypass
[5] Installation manual
[6] Outside temperature sensor (T1)

1 2 3 4

9 8 7 6 5
6 720 818 101-41.1T

Fig. 82 Installed safety assembly


[1] Particle filter, connection G1, female thread [8] Heating return
(SC1) [9] Bypass
[2] Pressure relief valve (FC1)
[3] Automatic air vent valve (VL1)
[4] Flow temperature sensor FV (T0)
[5] Connection of heating system pump (PC1),
1.5" female thread (40R)
[6] Heating flow
[7] Pressure gauge (GC1)

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5.3.2 Appliance overview Compact unit ACE


Compact unit ACB

5
4
1 1

2
3
4

2 3

6 720 809 064-14.2 6 720 809 064-10.2T

Fig. 83 Components of the compact unit with mixer Fig. 85 Components of the compact unit
[1] Installation module with electric booster heater
[2] Primary circuit pump [1] Installation module
[3] Mixer [2] Resetting the overheat protection
[4] Automatic air vent valve (VL1) [3] Primary circuit pump
[4] Electric booster heater
1 [5] Automatic air vent valve (VL1)

1
10 2
3 8
9 2
8 7 3

7 6 5 4
6 720 818 101-42.1T

Fig. 84 Pipework connections ACB (view from below) 6 5 4


6 720 818 101-43.1T
[1] Return from the heating system
[2] Cable bushings for sensors, CAN-BUS and EMS- Fig. 86 Pipework connections ACE (view from below)
BUS [1] Return from the heating system
[3] Cable bushing for power input [2] Cable feed for sensor, CAN-BUS and EMS-BUS
[4] Primary circuit from heat pump [3] Cable bushing for power input
[5] Return to boiler [4] Primary pump inlet from heat pump
[6] Flow from boiler [5] Primary pump outlet to heat pump
[7] Flow to heating system [6] Flow to heating system
[8] Overpressure discharge of the pressure relief valve [7] Overpressure discharge of the pressure relief valve
[9] Primary circuit to heat pump [8] Manometer
[10] Manometer

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98 | Heat pump system components

ACM/ACM-solar compact unit 5.3.3 Dimensions and connections


ACE/ACB heat pump compact unit

14

13 1

50 50
2
12

11 3

550
10

5
9
800
8
6

6 720 811 620-03.1O

Fig. 87 Components of the compact unit


6 720 810 154-10.2I
[1] Terminals
[2] Contactor K1, K2, K3 Fig. 88 Minimum clearances for heat pump compact unit
[3] HE pump with wall-mounted installation
[4] Hot water outlet
[5] Cold water inlet Mount the heat pump compact unit high
[6] Solar connection, flow (ACM-solar only) enough so that the remote control is easy to
[7] Solar connection, return (ACM-solar only) use. In addition, take into account pipes and
[8] Heat pump return connections below the heat pump compact
[9] Heat pump flow unit.
[10] Internal cylinder with insulation
[11] Boiler fill & drain valve
[12] Resetting the overheat protection
[13] Control box
[14] Safety assembly with bypass

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6 720 809 064-12.1I


Fig. 89 Heat pump compact unit ACB,
dimensions in mm (viewed from below) Fig. 91 Heat pump compact unit ACE,
dimensions in mm (viewed from below)
1
1

10 2
8 2
3
9 7 3
8

7 6 5 4
6 720 818 101-42.1T 6 5 4
Fig. 90 Heat pump compact unit ACB, 6 720 818 101-43.1T

connections (viewed from below) Fig. 92 Heat pump compact unit ACE, connections
(viewed from below)
[1] Return from the heating system (Rp 1)
[2] Cable bushings for sensors, CAN-BUS and EMS- [1] Return from the heating system (Rp 1)
BUS [2] Cable feed for sensor, CAN-BUS and
[3] Cable bushing for power input EMS-BUS
[4] Primary circuit from heat pump (R 1) [3] Cable bushing for power input
[5] Return to external booster heater (R 1) [4] Primary pump inlet from heat pump (R 1)
[6] Flow from external booster heater (R1) [5] Primary pump outlet to heat pump (R 1)
[7] Flow to heating system (R 1) [6] Flow to heating system (R 1)
[8] Overpressure discharge from pressure relief valve [7] Overpressure discharge from pressure relief valve
(Ø 32 mm) (Ø 32 mm)
[9] Primary circuit to heat pump (Rp 1) [8] Manometer
[10] Manometer

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100 | Heat pump system components

ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit


304
1800

600 6 720 809 156-09.4I

Fig. 93 Dimensions of ACM /ACM-solar (dimensions n


mm)
>
_ 400

>
_ 800
6 720 809 156-06.1I

Fig. 94 Minimum clearances of ACM /ACM-solar


A minimum clearance of 50 mm is required between the
sides of the heat pump module and other fixed
installations (walls, washbasins, etc.). Preferably install
the unit in front of an external wall or an insulated
partition.

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Heat pump system components | 101

600

430 91
107 60
57

26
132
268
81

421
50
660

65
51

161 49 90 134 6 720 809 156-11.2I

Fig. 95 Clearances of ACM/ACM-solar, view from above (dimensions in mm)

1 2 3 4 5

<50V 230V
/
400V

6
11
7
10

6 720 818 101-44.1T

Fig. 96 Connections on ACM/ACM solar


[1] Cable conduit for CAN-BUS and sensor [6] Primary circuit outlet (to heat pump)
[2] Return to solar thermal system [7] Primary circuit inlet (from heat pump)
(only with ACM-solar) [8] Cold water connection
[3] Flow from solar thermal system [9] DHW connection
(only with ACM-solar) [10] Cable feed to IP module
[4] Flow to heating system [11] Return from the heating system
[5] Cable conduit for electrical connection

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102 | Heat pump system components

5.3.4 Specifications
Compact unit ACB Unit ACB 8 ACB 14
Electrical details
Power supply V 230~1) 230~1)
Recommended fuse rating2) A 10 10
Connected load kW 0.5 0.5
Heating system
Type of connection (heating flow, heat – 1" male thread 1" male thread
pump and booster heater flow and return)
Type of connection (heating return) – 1" female thread 1" female thread
Maximum operating pressure bar 3 3
Expansion vessel – Not integrated Not integrated
3) 3)
Available residual head for pipes and –
components between the indoor and
outdoor unit
Minimum flow (on defrosting) m3/h 1.15 2.02
Pump type – Grundfos UPM2 25-75 PWM Grundfos UPM GEO 25-85 PWM
General information
IP rating – IPX1 IPX1
Dimensions (W x D x H) mm 485 × 386 × 700 485 × 386 × 700
Weight kg 30 30
Table 35 Heat pump compact unit ACB with mixer for external booster heater
1) 1N AC, 50 Hz,
2) Fuse characteristic gL/C
3) Depending on connected heat pump

Output DT heat Nominal Maximum Maximum pipe length PEX for Ø indoor
heat pump medium flow Pressure 15 mm 18 mm 26 mm 33 mm
reduction1)
[kW] [K] [m3/h] [mbar] [m] [m] [m] [m]
6 5 120 550 7 16 30 –
8 5 1.6 400 4 10 30 –
11 90 560 – 7 30 30
14 bar 3 180 – – 7 30
Table 36 Pipe dimensions and maximum pipe lengths (single length) for connecting the compact unit (indoor) to the heat
pump (outdoor)
1) for pipes and components between the indoor (heat pump module) and outdoor unit (heat pump)

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Heat pump system components | 103

Compact unit ACE Unit ACE 8 ACE 14


Electrical details
Power supply V 2301)/4002) 4002)
Recommended fuse rating3) A 501)/162) 162)
Electric booster heater kW 3/6/9 3/6/9
Heating system
Type of connection (heating flow and heat – 1" male thread 1" male thread
pump flow and return)
Type of connection (heating return) – 1" female thread 1" female thread
Maximum operating pressure bar 3 3
Minimum operating pressure bar 0.54) 0.54)
Expansion vessel I 10 10
5) 5)
Available residual head for pipes and –
components between the indoor and
outdoor unit
Minimum flow (on defrosting) m³/h 1.15 2.02
Pump type – Grundfos UPM2 25-75 PWM Grundfos UPM GEO 25-85 PWM
General information
IP rating – IP X1 IP X1
Dimensions (W x D x H) mm 485 × 386 × 700 485 × 386 × 700
Weight kg 35 35
Table 37 Heat pump compact unit ACE with electric booster heater
1) 1N AC, 50 Hz
2) 3N AC, 50 Hz
3) Fuse characteristic gL/C
4) Pressure dependent on expansion vessel pressure
5) Depending on connected heat pump

Output DT heat Nominal Maximum Maximum pipe length PEX for Ø indoor
heat pump medium flow Pressure 15 mm 18 mm 26 mm 33 mm
reduction1)
[kW] [K] [m3/h] [mbar] [m] [m] [m] [m]
6 5 120 550 7 16 30 –
8 5 1.6 400 4 10 30 –
11 90 560 – 7 30 30
14 bar 3 180 – – 7 30
Table 38 Pipe dimensions and maximum pipe lengths (single length) for connecting the compact unit (indoor) to the heat
pump (outdoor)
1) for pipes and components between the indoor (heat pump module) and outdoor unit (heat pump)

ACM/ACM-solar compact unit Unit ACM 8 ACM-solar 8 ACM 14 ACM-solar 14


Electrical details
Power supply V 2301)/4002) 4002)
Recommended fuse rating A 501)/162) 252)
Electric booster heater in stages kW 3/6/9 3/6/9
Heating system
Connection3) – Cu 28 Cu 28
Maximum operating pressure bar 3 3
Minimum operating pressure bar 0.5 0.5
Expansion vessel I 14 14
4) 4)
Residual head of available pressure –
Minimum flow m³/h 1.30 2.12
Pump type – Grundfos UPM2 25-75 PWM Wilo Stratos Para 25/1-11 PWM
Table 39 ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit

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104 | Heat pump system components

ACM/ACM-solar compact unit Unit ACM 8 ACM-solar 8 ACM 14 ACM-solar 14


Maximum flow temperature °C 85 85
(booster heater)
DHW system
Volume of DHW cylinder I 190 184 190 184
Material – Stainless steel 1.4521 Stainless steel 1.4521
Surface area of the heat exchanger
– heating m2 1.94 1.94 1.94 1.94
– solar m2 – 0.78 – 0.78
Pipe diameter of the heat exchanger
– heater mm Ø 25 × 0.8 Ø 25 × 0.8 Ø 25 × 0.8 Ø 25 × 0.8
– solar mm – Ø 22 × 0.8 – Ø 22 × 0.8
Draw-off rate (42 °C draw-off I 225 225
temperature, 20 litre/min)
Reheating period with cylinder heat input
– 5.2 kW5) (with SAO 60-2) min 115 111 115 111
– 7.2 kW5) (with SAO 80-2) min 83 80 83 80
– 7.1 kW5) (with SAO 90-2 HT) min 84 81 84 81
– 13.9 kW5) (with SAO 150-2 HT) min 43 42 43 42
– 11 kW5) (with SAO 110-2) min 54 53 54 53
– 10.8 kW5) (with SAO 140-2) min 55 53 55 53
Maximum operating pressure in the DHW bar 10 10
circuit
General information
Volume of DHW cylinder I 190 184 190 184
Maximum operating pressure in the DHW bar 10 10
circuit
Material – Stainless steel 1.4521 Stainless steel 1.4521
IP rating – IP X1 IP X1
Dimensions (W x D x H) mm 600 × 660 × 1800 600 × 660 × 1800
Weight kg 120 125 120 125
Table 39 ACM/ACM-solar heat pump compact unit
1) 1N ~ 50 Hz
2) 3N ~ 50 Hz
3) See connections at the safety assembly
4) Depending on connected heat pump
5) At A-7/W55: Cylinder temperature 55 °C, cold water temperature 10 °C

Output DT heat Nominal Maximum Maximum pipe length PEX for Ø indoor
heat pump medium flow Pressure 15 mm 18 mm 26 mm 33 mm
reduction1)
[kW] [K] [m3/h] [mbar] [m] [m] [m] [m]
6 5 120 550 7 16 30 –
8 5 1.6 400 4 10 30 –
11 90 560 – 7 30 30
14 bar 3 180 – – 7 30
Table 40 Pipe dimensions and maximum pipe lengths (single length) for connecting the compact unit (indoor) to the heat
pump (outdoor)
1) for pipes and components between the indoor (heat pump module) and outdoor unit (heat pump)

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5.4 Operating range


T1 [°C]

60

55

50

45

35

30

25
20

15

10
-30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
6 720 818 101-35.1T T2 [°C]
Fig. 97 Heat pump SAO ...-2 without booster heater
T1 Maximum flow temperature
T2 Outside temperature

T1 [°C]

65

60

55

50

45

35

30

25
20

15

10
-30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
6 720 818 101 34.1T T2 [°C]
Fig. 98 SAO ...-2 HT heat pump without booster heater
T1 Maximum flow temperature
T2 Outside temperature

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5.5 Power connection SAO ...-2


5.5.1 1-phase SAO 60-2/ SAO 80-2 heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater

1
3

4 5

6
7

9 10

11 12
2 14
13

15

18

16 17
6 720 809 064-26.3T

Fig. 99 1-phase SAO 60-2/ SAO 80-2 heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater
[1] Heat pump compact unit [17] Mains voltage for 1-phase heat pump
[2] Heat pump 230 V ~ 1N
[3] Differential pressure switch [18] Mains voltage for accessories 230 V ~ 1N
[4] Overheat protection Factory connection
[5] Installation module in the heat pump compact unit Connected during installation/
[6] Accessories accessories
[7] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS
[8] Mains voltage for 1-phase heat pump 1-phase heat pump must always be
230 V ~1N connected to a 3-phase compact unit in
[9] I/O-module for heat pump accordance with the wiring diagram.
[10] Inverter
[11] Heating element 3x 1 kW (3x 53)
[12] Heating element 3x 2 kW (3x 27) Maximum output of electric booster heater
[13] Electric booster heater 9 kW when operated in tandem with compressor:
[14] Compressor 6 kW.K3 does not switch with compressor
[15] Terminals operation.
[16] Mains voltage 400 V ~ 3N

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5.5.2 3-phase SAO 110-2/ SAO 140-2 heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater

1
3

4
5

6 8
7

10 11

12 13
2 15
14

16

18

17
6 720 809 064-27.3T

Fig. 100 3-phase SAO 110-2/ SAO 140-2 heat pump and integral electric booster heater
[1] Heat pump compact unit [15] Compressor
[2] Heat pump [16] Terminals
[3] Differential pressure switch [17] Mains voltage 400 V ~ 3N
[4] Overheat protection [18] Mains voltage for accessories 230 V ~ 1N
[5] Installation module in the heat pump compact unit Factory connection
[6] Accessories Connected during installation/
[7] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS accessories
[8] Fuse box (power supply
400 V ~ 3N)
[9] Mains voltage 400 V ~ 3N
[10] I/O-module for heat pump
[11] Inverter
[12] Heating element 3x 1 kW (3x 53)
[13] Heating element 3x 2 kW (3x 27)
[14] Electric booster heater 9 kW

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5.5.3 Wiring diagram for installation module, integral electric booster heater

F50
3

1
2

6 720 809 064-28.4T

Fig. 101 Wiring diagram for installation module


[1] CAN-BUS for heat pump (I/O-module) PW2 DHW circulation pump
[2] FE, alarm of pressure switch or electric booster T0 Flow temperature sensor
heater, 230-V input T1 Outside temperature sensor
[3] Operating voltage, 230 V ~ 1N TW1 Hot water temperature sensor
EE1 Electric booster heater, stage 1 TC0 Temperature sensor for heat transfer medium
EE2 Electric booster heater, stage 2 return
EE3 Electric booster heater, stage 3 TC1 Temperature sensor for heat transfer medium
EW1 Start signal for electric booster heater in the flow
DHW cylinder (external), 230-V output VC0 3-way valve, primary circuit
F50 Fuse (6.3 A) VW1 3-way valve, heating/DHW
I1 External input 1 Factory connection
I2 External input 2 Connected during installation/
I3 External input 3 accessories
I4 External input 4
MK2 Humidity sensor Maximum load at relay output: 2 A,
PC0 Pump, primary circuit (PWM signal) cos > 0.4. In case of a higher load, install
PC0 Pump, primary circuit (230 V ~ 1N) an intermediate relay.
PC1 Pump, heating system
PK2 Pump, cooling/fan convector

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5.5.4 CAN-BUS and EMS – overview

1 2

6 7 3

6 720 809 064-24.5T

Fig. 102 CAN-/EMS-BUS electric booster heater – overview


[1] Heat pump compact unit
(ACB/ACE/ACM/ACM-solar)
[2] SAO ...-2 heat pump
[3] IP module
[4] Modules, e.g.. MM 100 or MS 100
[5] Room controller (accessory)
[6] ACE/ACM/ACM-solar 8
[7] ACE/ACM/ACM-solar 14
Factory connection
Connected during installation/
accessories

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5.5.5 Heat pump compact unit with mixer for dual-fuel operation – overview CAN-BUS and EMS

P = 2 EWP 6 kW 1N~
P = 3 EWP 8 kW 1N~
P = 6 EWP 11 kW 3N~
P = 5 EWP 14 kW 3N~

A = 0 Standard

6 7

4
5

6 720 810 933-11.1I

Fig. 103 Heat pump compact unit ACB with mixer for dual-fuel operation – overview CAN/EMS-BUS
[1] Heat pump compact unit [6] Encoding switch position for ACB 8 compact unit
[2] Outdoor unit of heat pumps SAO 60-2 and SAO 80-2
P = 2: SAO 60-2, 230 V ~ 1N [7] Encoding switch position for ACB 14 compact unit
P = 3: SAO 80-2, 230 V 1N of heat pumps SAO 110-2 and SAO 140-2
P = 6: SAO 110-2, 400 V ~ 3N Factory connection
P = 5: SAO 140-2, 400 V ~ 3N Connected during installation/
A = 0: Standard accessories
[3] IP module
[4] Modules, e.g.. MM 100 or MS 100
[5] Room temperature-dependent controller CR 10 or
CR 10 H (accessory)

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5.5.6 1-phase heat pump and external booster heater (heater rod)

3 4

5
6

8
9
12

10
11
2
6 720 809 064-18.3T

Fig. 104 Heat pump compact unit with external booster heater - overview
[1] Heat pump compact unit
[2] Heat pump
[3] Accessory modules
[4] Installation module
[5] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS
[6] Fuse box (power supply
230 V ~ 1N)
[7] Mains voltage 230 V ~ 1N (heat pump)
[8] I/O-module for heat pump
[9] Inverter
[10] Compressor
[11] Mains voltage 230 V ~ 1N
[12] Terminals

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5.5.7 3-phase heat pump and external booster heater (heater rod)

3 4

5
6

8
9
12

10
11
2
6 720 809 064-19.3T

Fig. 105 Heat pump compact unit with external booster heater - overview
[1] Heat pump compact unit (ACB)
[2] Heat pump
[3] Accessory modules
[4] Installation module
[5] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS
[6] Fuse box (power supply
400 V ~ 3N)
[7] Mains voltage 400 V ~ 3N (heat pump)
[8] I/O-module for heat pump
[9] Inverter
[10] Compressor
[11] Mains voltage 230 V ~ 1N
[12] Terminals

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5.5.8 Wiring diagram for installation module for dual-fuel heat pump compact unit

F50
3

1
2

6 720 809 064-20.5T

Fig. 106 Wiring diagram for installation module


[1] CAN-BUS to heat pump (CUHP-I/O) PC0 Pump, primary circuit (PWM signal)
[2] FMO, alarm for external heat source, PC0 Pump, primary circuit (230 V ~ 1N)
230-V input PC1 Pump, heating system
[3] Operating voltage, 230 V ~ 1N PK2 Relay output for cooling mode,
I1 External input 1 230 V/cooling pump
I2 External input 2 PW2 DHW circulation pump
I3 External input 3 VC0 3-way valve, primary circuit
I4 External input 4 VW1 3-way valve, heating/DHW
MK2 Humidity sensor EM0 External heat source, start/stop
T0 Flow temperature sensor VM0 Mixer for external heat source (open/close)
T1 Outside temperature sensor Factory connection
TW1 Hot water temperature sensor Connected during installation/
TC0 Temperature sensor for primary circuit return accessories
TC1 Temperature sensor for primary circuit flow
EW1 Start signal for electric booster heater in the Maximum load at relay output: 2 A,
DHW cylinder (external), 230-V output cos > 0.4. In case of a higher load, install
F50 Fuse, 6.3 A an intermediate relay.
EM0 External heat source, 0...10-V activation

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5.5.9 Wiring diagram for installation module, start/stop of external booster heater

1
3

6 720 809 064-21.4T

Fig. 107 Wiring diagram for installation module, start/stop


[1] 230-V output ~ 1N
[2] Electric floor standing boiler/heater rod
[3] Oil boiler
[4] Wall mounted gas condensing boiler
[5] EM0 Start/stop
[5a] Maximum load at relay output: 2 A, cos > 0.4
[5b] In case of a higher load at the relay output,
install an intermediate relay

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5.5.10 Wiring diagram for heat pump compact unit, alarm for external booster heater

4
1

6 720 809 064-22.4T

Fig. 108 Wiring diagram for installation module, alarm for external booster heater
[1a] 230-V input ~ 1N
[1b] Alternative connection If a 230-V alarm signal ~ from the external
[2] Electric floor standing boiler/heater rod heat source is applied:
[3] Oil boiler ▶ Remove cable between terminal 61 and
[4] Wall mounted gas condensing boiler 64. Do not remove the jumper if it is not
possible to report an alarm signal from
If an alarm signal with a power supply the external heat source.
< 230 V ~ from the external heat source is ▶ Connect 230-V alarm signal ~ from the
applied: external heat source [1a] to connection
▶ Connect alarm signal from the external terminal 64.
heat source in accordance with [1b].

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5.6 SAO ...-2 HT power connection


5.6.1 1-phase SAO 90-2 HT heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater

1
3

4
5

6
7

9 10
2
11

12

15

14
13
6 720 816 509-01.2T

Fig. 109 1-phase SAO 90-2 HT heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater
[1] Indoor unit [15] Mains voltage for accessories 230 V ~ 1N
[2] Heat pump Factory connection
[3] Differential pressure switch Connected during installation/
[4] Overheat protection accessories
[5] Installation module in the indoor unit
[6] Accessories 1-phase heat pump must always be
[7] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS connected to a 3-phase indoor unit in
[8] Mains voltage for 1-phase heat pump accordance with the wiring diagram.
230 V ~ 1N
[9] Heating element 3x 1 kW (3x 53)
[10] Heating element 3x 2 kW (3x 27) Maximum output of electric booster heater
[11] Electric booster heater 9 kW when operated in tandem with compressor:
[12] Terminals 6 kW.K3 does not switch with compressor
[13] Mains voltage 400 V ~ 3N operation.
[14] Mains voltage for 1-phase heat pump
230 V ~ 1N

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5.6.2 3-phase SAO 150-2 HT heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater

1
3

4
5

6
7

8 9
2
10

11

13

12
6 720 816 509-02.2T

Fig. 110 3-phase SAO 150-2 HT heat pump and 3-phase integral electric booster heater
[1] Indoor unit
[2] Heat pump
[3] Differential pressure switch
[4] Overheat protection
[5] Installation module in the indoor unit
[6] Accessories
[7] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS
[8] Heating element 3x 1 kW (3x 53)
[9] Heating element 3x 2 kW (3x 27)
[10] Electric booster heater 9 kW
[11] Terminals
[12] Mains voltage 400 V ~ 3N
[13] Mains voltage for accessories 230 V ~ 1N

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5.6.3 Wiring diagram for installation module, integral electric booster heater ACE

1
2

6 720 810 942-02.4T

Fig. 111 Wiring diagram for installation module


[1] CAN-BUS for heat pump (I/O-module) PK2 Pump, cooling/fan convector
[2] FE, alarm of pressure switch or electric booster PW2 DHW DHW circulation pump
heater, 230-V input T0 Flow temperature sensor
[3] Operating voltage, 230 V ~ 1N T1 Outside temperature sensor
Buzzer Warning buzzer TC0 Temperature sensor for heat transfer medium
EE1 Electric booster heater, stage 1 return
EE2 Electric booster heater, stage 2 TC1 Temperature sensor for heat transfer medium
EE3 Electric booster heater, stage 3 flow
EM0 External heat source, 0...10-V activation TW1 Hot water temperature sensor
EW1 Start signal for electric booster heater in the VC0 3-way valve, circulation 230-V output
DHW cylinder (external), 230-V output VW1 3-way valve, heating/DHW
I1 External input 1 Factory connection
I2 External input 2 Connected during installation/
I3 External input 3 accessories
I4 External input 4 (Smart Grid)
MK2 Humidity sensor Maximum load at relay output PK2: 2 A,
PC0 Heating pump cos  > 0.4. In case of a higher load, install
PC0 PWM signal an intermediate relay.
PC1 Pump, heating system

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5.6.4 Alternative installation 3-way valve

1 2
6 720 813 343-23.2T

Fig. 112 Alternative installation 3-way valve


[1] Motor for 3-way valve. Adjustable for S1/S2.
[2] A 2-pole relay is required (not in scope of delivery)
for the [1] 3-way valve

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5.6.5 CAN-BUS and EMS – overview

5
4

7
6

6 720 816 509-03.2T

Fig. 113 CAN-/EMS-BUS electric booster heater – overview


[1] Indoor unit
[2] SAO ...-2 HT outdoor unit
[3] User interface
[4] Default setting for indoor unit ACE 8:
A = 0, P = 1
default setting for indoor unit ACE 14:
A = 0, P = B
[5] Installation module
[6] IP module
[7] Modules, e.g. MMH or MS 100
[8] Room temperature-dependent controller CR 10
or CR 10 H (accessory)
Factory connection
Connected during installation/
accessories

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5.6.6 Indoor unit for dual-fuel operation – overview CAN-BUS and EMS

5
4

7
6

6 720 816 509-03.2T

Fig. 114 Indoor unit for dual-fuel operation – overview CAN/EMS-BUS


[1] Indoor unit
[2] SAO ...-2 HT outdoor unit
[3] User interface
[4] Default setting for indoor unit ACB 8:
A = 0, P = 3
default setting for indoor unit ACB 14:
A = 0, P = C
[5] Installation module
[6] IP module
[7] Modules, e.g. MMH or MS 100
[8] Room temperature-dependent controller CR 10
or CR 10 H (accessory)
Factory connection
Connected during installation/
accessories

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5.6.7 Heat pump and external booster heater (wall mounted boiler)

3 4

7
6 720 816 509-06.2T

Fig. 115 Indoor unit with external booster heater – overview


[1] Indoor unit
[2] SAO ...-2 HT outdoor unit
[3] Accessory modules
[4] Installation module
[5] 12 V DC and CAN-BUS
[6] Terminals
[7] Mains voltage 230 V ~ 1N
Factory connection
Connected during installation/
accessories

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5.6.8 Wiring diagram for installation module for dual-fuel indoor unit

1
2

6 720 810 942-03.4T

Fig. 116 Wiring diagram for installation module


[1] CAN-BUS and 12 V DC for heat pump PW2 DHW DHW circulation pump
(CUHP-I/O) T0 Flow temperature sensor
[2] FMO, alarm for external heat source, T1 Outside temperature sensor
230-V input TC0 Temperature sensor for heat transfer medium
[3] Operating voltage, 230 V ~ 1N return
Buzzer Warning buzzer TC1 Temperature sensor for heat transfer medium
EM0 External heat source, start/stop flow
EM0 External heat source, 0...10-V activation TW1 Hot water temperature sensor
EW1 Start signal for electric booster heater in the VC0 3-way valve, circulation 230-V output
DHW cylinder (external), 230-V output VM0 Mixer for external heat source (open/close)
I1 External input 1 VW1 3-way valve, heating/DHW
I2 External input 2 * See fig. 117
I3 External input 3 ** See fig. 118
I4 External input 4 (Smart Grid) Factory connection
MK2 Condensation point sensor Connected during installation/
PC0 Heating pump, PWM signal accessories
PC0 Heating pump
PC1 Pump, heating system Maximum load at relay output: 2 A,
PK2 Relay output for cooling mode, 230 V/cooling cos> 0.4. In case of a higher load, install
circulation pump an intermediate relay.

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5.6.9 Wiring diagram for installation module, start/stop of wall mounted boiler

1
3

6 720 809 064-21.4T

Fig. 117 Wiring diagram for installation module, start/stop


[1] 230-V output ~ 1N
[2] Electric heater rod
[3] Oil boiler
[4] Wall mounted gas condensing boiler
[5] EM0 Start/stop
[5a] Maximum load at relay output: 2 A, cos > 0.4
[5b] In case of a higher load at the relay output:
Install an intermediate relay

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5.6.10 Wiring diagram for indoor unit, alarm for floor standing boiler

4
1

6 720 809 064-22.4T

Fig. 118 Wiring diagram for installation module, alarm for floor standing boiler
[1a] 230-V input ~ 1N
[1b] Alternative connection If a 230-V alarm signal ~ 1N from the external
[2] Electric heater rod heat source is applied:
[3] Oil boiler ▶ Remove cable between terminals 61 and
[4] Wall mounted gas condensing boiler 64. Do not remove the jumper if it is not
possible to report an alarm signal from
If an alarm signal with a power supply the external heat source.
< 230 V ~ 1N from the external heat source ▶ Connect 230-V alarm signal from the
is applied: external heat source according to [1a]
▶ Connect alarm signal from the external to terminal 64.
heat source in accordance with [1b].

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5.7 Heat pump management


5.7.1 Control system

5 6
4

>

>
EMS 2 BUS

>
>

>

>

>
7 8 9 10 11

1 2

12 13
6 720 818 101-37.1T

Fig. 119 Control system SupraEco A SAO-2/-2 HT


[1] SupraEco A SAO...-2/ SAO...-2 HT
[2] ACM/ACM solar
[3] ACB/ACE
[4] HPC 400 User interface
[5] CR 10: Remote control for HPC 400 (heating
circuits)
[6] CR 10 H: Remote control for HPC 400 (heating
and cooling circuits)
[7] MP 100: Swimming pool module (from 06/2016)
[8] MM100: Mixer module
[9] MS 100: Basic solar thermal system
[10] MS 200: Complex solar thermal systems
[11] MB LAN 2: Internet interface (integrated into
2 and 3)
[12] Apps: Heating control
[13] Gateway KNX 10: Module for connecting Junkers
heating system to KNX comfort system

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5.7.2 HPC 400


HCP 400 Usage
The HPC 400 user interface is integrated into the ACE/ACB/ACM/ACM-solar heat pump
compact unit makes it easy to operate the heat pump.
HPC 400 communicates with the system components via EMS 2 – BUS.
The HPC 400 permits the following main control types, and can be individually set for
each heating circuit.
• Weather-compensated:
The room temperature is controlled based on the outside temperature.
• Weather-compensated with the influence of the room temperature:
The room temperature is controlled based on the outside temperature and the
measured room temperature. The user interface influences the flow temperature
based on the measured and required room temperature.
Properties and functions
• 2-wire bus technology.
• Intuitive menu guidance with graphic display and plain text display.
• Control of up to 4 heating/cooling circuits (one non-mixed heating/cooling circuit at
the heat pump, 2nd – 4th heating/cooling circuit with heating circuit module
MM 100)
• User-programmable “Favourites” menu. The most important functions to the user
can be saved in the favourites menu.
• Easy-to-use commissioning menu
• Extensive diagnostics menu
• Control for a basic solar system (with MS 100 solar module)
• Control for a complex solar system (with MS 200 solar module)
• Integral SolarInside-ControlUnit for solar module MS 100/200
• Swimming pool control (with MP 100)
• Remote controls CR 10 or CR 10 H can be used
• Plain text display of fault codes
• Operating mode based on a time program or optimised. In optimised operation,
automatic mode (the heating system time program) is not active and the home is
heated constantly to the temperature set for optimised operation.
• Holiday function with date entry
• Thermal disinfection
• Screed drying
• Room temperature hook-up
• Optimised heating curves
• Remote management via the integrated Internet interface with JunkersHome
Operation after a power failure
No settings are lost in the event of a power failure or if the heat source is shut down
for a period of time. When the power supply is restored, the user interface resumes
operation. The settings for the time of day and the date might have to be made again.
No other new settings are required.
Table 41

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128 | Heat pump system components

5.7.3 PV function 5.7.4 Smart grid function


The SupraEco A SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT AC is suitable for The smart grid function can be used in a similar manner
linking to a photovoltaic system. To enable this PV to the PV function. It makes sense for the energy
function, it must be activated beforehand in the HPC 400 provider to be able to switch electrical loads on and off
user interface and an electrical connection established in the intelligent electricity network (smart grid). This
between the inverter of the PV system and the heat limits network loads and fluctuations on the one hand
pump. The inverter of the PV system is connected to the and gives the end customer benefits on the other due to
heat pump via a potential-free switching output with the the more favourable electricity tariffs. The heat pump
I3 input via terminals 17 and 18. As soon as the PV can therefore be switched off during peak periods (e.g.
system has a certain electrical output (to be defined for midday) and switched back on during the off-peak
each system), the inverter issues the start enable for the periods (e.g. late evening). To use the smart grid
heat pump. The PV output required to operate the heat function, a dual electrical connection must be
pump must be present for a defined time (e.g. 10 established between the switchgear unit of the energy
minutes) before a start enable is issued. The start enable supplier in the meter cabinet and the I1 and I4 inputs.
on the other hand should ideally persist for a fixed The energy supplier switching unit issues the start
period of at least roughly 20 minutes. enable signal for the heat pump, or switches the
A heating system with a buffer cylinder and mixed compressor and/or the electric booster heater off, via
heating circuits is recommended for optimum use of the these two control cables. The smart grid function is
PV output. activated in the HPC 400 user interface by configuring
the I1 input for the energy supplier shutdown (energy
When the PV function is active, PV current can be used
supplier blocking time 1/2/3). The external input I4 is
as follows for heating and DHW:
then automatically configured for using the smart grid
• For heating, the current set room temperature is function.
increased via an offset (0 … 5 K).
When the active smart grid function is active, favourable
• For DHW, the operating mode switches from “DHW-
tariffs PV current can be used as follows for heating and
reduced” to “DHW”. Therefore, the higher set
DHW:
temperature, which is set in “DHW” mode, applies.
• For heating, the current set room temperature is
When the PV function is activated, the DHW cylinder is increased via an offset (0 … 5 K).
first heated to the set temperature for“DHW” mode. As
• For DHW, the operating mode switches from “DHW-
soon as this temperature is reached, the system
reduced” to “DHW”. Therefore, the higher set
switches to the heating mode with the higher set room
temperature, which is set in “DHW” mode, applies.
temperature. Once the higher set room temperature is
reached, the heat pump switches off, even if an enable When the smart grid function is activated, the DHW
still exists for the inverter. The integral electric booster cylinder is first heated to the set temperature for“DHW”
heater is activated when PV mode is deactivated, e.g. if mode. As soon as this temperature is reached, the
the heat pump output is insufficient at very low outside system switches to the heating mode with the higher set
temperatures. The energy supplier blocking signal has room temperature.
the highest priority and stops the compressor and/or Once the higher set room temperature is reached, the
electric booster heater immediately, even if a start heat pump shuts off, even if a more favourable tariff is
enable exists for the inverter. still offered. The energy supplier blocking signal has the
highest priority and stops the compressor and/or
electric booster heater immediately, a more favourable
tariff is offered.

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Heat pump system components | 129

5.7.5 App function


The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT is equipped with an integral
IP interface as standard. This allows the heating system
to be operated intuitively in a local WLAN network and
via the internet using the the EasyControl app. The
system user can also operate and monitor the system
remotely when out and about from mobile end devices
(with Android & iOS) via the JunkersHome app. Junkers
multiHome is available for heating contractors.
The following functions are available to the system user
in the JunkersHome app:
• Checking and changing system parameters (e.g.
operating mode changeover, set temperatures for day
and night, timers for all heating circuits)
• Display of fault codes and service messages
The JunkersHome app is available free of charge from
the Apple app store and Google Play.

6 720 818 318-10.2T

Fig. 120 MB LAN 2 with the JunkersHome app

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130 | Heat pump system components

5.8 CR 10/CR 10 H remote control


CR 10/CR 10 H Usage
• CR 10 with integral room temperature sensor, can be used as a remote control for
heating circuits (heating only)
• CR 10 H with integral room temperature and air humidity sensor, can be used as
remote control for heating and cooling circuits
Communication with the HPC 400 user interface is via EMS 2 – BUS.
Properties and functions
• 2-wire bus technology
• When using a time program:
Setting the room temperature in the current switching phase (up to the next
switching time)
• In optimised mode (recommended):
24 h setting for room temperature
• Error display
• For non-mixed and for mixed heating circuits
Fitting
• Wall-mounted installation
Scope of delivery
• CR 10 remote control or CR 10 H remote control
• Installation material
• Technical documentation
Table 42
Specifications • Not directly in the sun
Unit CR 10/CR 10 H • Not in the path of direct heat radiation from electrical
appliances or similar
Dimensions (W × H × D) mm 80 × 80 × 23
Rated voltage V DC 10...24
600 1000
Rated current mA 4/5...6
BUS interface – EMS 2
Control range °C 5...30
Protection class – III
750

IP rating – IP20
1200

Table 43 Specifications of CR 10 remote control


Positioning the remote control
With room temperature-dependent control, the heating
system or the heating circuit is regulated subject to the
temperature in a reference room.
▶ Installing the remote control for the room
temperature-dependent control in the reference room
( fig. 121).
The reference room must be as representative as
possible of the entire home. Heat sources (e.g. solar
exposure or an open fireplace) affect the control
functions. This means it may become too cold in rooms
without heat sources.
Position of the room temperature sensor
The room temperature sensor is integrated in the casing
of the CR 10/CR 10 H remote control. The remote
6 720 645 407-03.1O
control must be installed in the reference room in such
a way that negative influences are avoided: Fig. 121 Position of the CR 10/CR 10 H remote control in
• Not on an outside wall the reference room (dimensions in mm)
• Not close to windows or doors
• Not at thermal bridges
• Not in “dead” spots
• Not above radiators

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6 Function modules for expansion of control system


6.1 MM100 heating circuit module Properties and functions
• Simple heating circuit encoding.
MM100 • Suitable for HE pumps.
• Commissioning and operation via the HPC 400 user
interface.
MC1 • Encoded and colour-coded plug.
• Suitable for connecting a HE pump (e.g. as a heating
TC1 circuit quick installation set (HSM)).
• Operating and fault indications via LED.
PC1 • Option to connect and monitor a temperature limiter
for an underfloor heating circuit (contact thermostat,
VC1
e.g. TB1).
• Connection of a condensation point sensor (MD1) for
6 720 811 619-04.2T
the cooling circuit.

Fig. 122 MM 100 heating circuit module Fitting


• Wall-mounted installation, standard rail installation or
MM100 Heating circuit module for integration in the heat pump compact units (ACE,
MC1 Temperature monitor for underfloor heating ACB, ACM and ACM-solar)
system
TC1 Flow temperature sensor Scope of delivery
PC1 Heating circuit pump • Module MM 100
VC1 Mixer • A flow temperature sensor, mixed heating circuit TC1
Usage • Installation material
The MM 100 heating circuit module can be used for a • Technical documentation
mixed heating circuit or a mixed heating/cooling circuit
with PC1 pump, VC1 mixer, TC1 flow temperature
sensor and temperature monitor for underfloor heating
MC1
For the dew point in the cooling circuit, MK2
condensation point sensors are connected to the
CU PCB.

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132 | Function modules for expansion of control system

Wiring chart
0...10 Address coding switch
MM100 24V position 0 – delivered condition (no function)
4 5 6 position 1...4 – heating circuit 1...4
3 7 OC1 MD1
2 8 position 5...10 – no function
1 2 3 1 2
1
0 10
9
BUS EMS 2 BUS system
MC1 Connection for underfloor heating circuit
temperature limiter
120/230 V AC 24V PC1 Connection for heating circuit pump (HE pump
120/230VAC 120/230VAC VC1 MC1 PC1 T0 TC1 BUS BUS permitted, observe maximum peak current)
N L N L N 43 44 15 16 N 63 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 T0 Not assigned (connected to the heat pump)
TC1 Connection for mixer temperature sensor
N L N L N
4
N L
VC1 Connection for servomotor 3-way mixer
(terminal 43: Mixer open/more heat supplied to
43 44
the swimming pool)
N N L
Terminal 44: Mixer closed/less heat supplied to
M
M the swimming pool)
230 V AC 230 V AC VC1 PC1 TC1 BUS BUS 230 V ACMains voltage

6 720 811 619-05.2T

Fig. 123 Wiring diagram for heating circuit module


MM 100
Specifications
Unit MM 100
Dimensions (W × H × D) mm 151 × 184 × 61
Maximum cross-section:
- 230 V terminal mm2 2.5
- extra-low voltage terminal mm2 1.5
Rated voltages:
- BUS (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Module rated voltage V AC/Hz 230/50
- User interface (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Pumps and mixers V AC/Hz 230/50
Fuse (T) V/A 230/5
BUS interface – EMS 2
Maximum permissible overall bus length m 300
Power consumption Standby W <1
Maximum output:
- PC1 W 400
- VC1 W 100
Maximum peak current PC1 A/s 40
Temperature sensor measuring range
- Lower tolerance limit °C < –10
- Display range °C 0...100
- Upper tolerance limit °C > 125
Maximum permissible cable length for each temperature sensor m 100
Permissible ambient temperature
- MM 100 °C 0...60
- Temperature sensor °C 5...95
IP rating for wall-mounted installation – IP44
IP rating for installation in heat source with CR 10 – Depending on heat source
Table 44 Specifications for heating circuit module MM 100

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Function modules for expansion of control system | 133

6.2 MM200 mixer module – The connected mixing valve motor is monitored
and run automatically for a short period after
24 hours of downtime. This prevents the mixer
from seizing up.
If no MM100heating circuit modules are installed,
irrespective of the number of other BUS participants, a
maximum of 3 or 5 MM200 are permitted in one system
depending on which user interface is installed.
2 MM100 heating circuit modules replace one MM200
heating circuit module in a system. For example, in a
system with 4 heating circuits and one cylinder charging
circuit (usually behind the low loss header), 2 MM200
heating circuit modules and one MM100 heating circuit
MM 200
module are installed.
In the delivered condition, the coding switch is in
position 0. The module will only be registered in the user
interface if the coding switch is in a valid position for the
heating circuit or cylinder primary circuit.
MC2 The module communicates via an EMS2 interface with
other EMS2-enabled BUS nodes.
• The module must only be connected to user
interfaces with a EMS2 BUS interface.
TC2 • The functional scope depends on the user interface
installed. Detailed information about user interfaces
PC1 PC2
can be found in the catalogue and technical guides
T0 VC2 and on the manufacturer's website.
Functions in combination with a heat pump or other
heat source
6 720 818 101-40.1T Function
Fig. 124 MM200 heating circuit module 4 mixed heating circuits or mixed  
MM200 Heating circuit module 8 non-mixed heating non-mixed2)  
MC2 Temperature monitor for underfloor heating circuits1)
system Hydraulic connection low loss – 
TC2 Flow temperature sensor of multiple heating circuits header
T0 System sensor Buffer cylinder  
PC1 Heating circuit pump
Flow temperature sensor – system (on T0)  
PC2 Heating circuit pump
(e.g. at a the low loss header)
VC2 Mixer
Heating circuit functions Heating  
Usage Constant – 
The MM200 heating circuit module can be used: heating
• For activating 2 of the following circuits: circuit3)
– Heating/cooling circuit with heating circuit pump Cooling  –
(with/without mixing valve motor) Dew point monitor for the heating circuit  –
– Cylinder primary circuit with separate cylinder function Cooling
primary pump and (optional) DHW circulation
External signal for heat requirement, – 
pump
heating pump on/off for constant heating
• For detecting the following signals: circuit
– Flow temperature in the assigned heating circuit or
Cylinder primary circuit 1 or 24) – 
the temperature of the DHW cylinder
DHW circulation pump – 
– Temperature at a low loss header (optional)
– Control signal from a temperature switch in the Table 45 Functions of module in combination with a heat
assigned heating circuit (optional for an unmixed pump ( ) or other heat source ( )
heating circuit). 1) Not possible with all user interfaces.
– Control signal from a dew point monitor in the 2) Max. one non-mixed heating circuit recommended
assigned cooling circuit 3) For constant flow temperature, e.g. pool or hot air heating.
• As anti-seizing function: 4) DHW cylinder downstream of low loss header.
– The connected pump is monitored and exercised
for a short while after 24 hours of downtime. This Fitting
prevents the pump from seizing. • Wall-mounted installation or standard rail installation

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134 | Function modules for expansion of control system

Scope of delivery • Installation material


• Module MM200 • Technical documentation
• Jumper for connection to MC1/MC2 if there is no
Wiring chart
temperature switch in the assigned non-mixed
This overview indicates which system parts can be
heating circuit
connected. The components identified with * in the
• Installation set flow temperature sensor
system are possible alternatives.

MM 200
4 5 6 4 5 6
3 7 3 7
2 8 1) 2 8 1)
1 9 1 9
0 10 0 10
I II

120/230 V AC ≤ 24V
PC1 VC1 PC2 TC1 OC1 MD1
N L N 43 44 N L 1 2 1 2 3 1 2

120/230 V AC ≤ 24V
120/230VAC 120/230VAC MC1 MC2 VC2 TC2 T0 OC2 MD2 BUS BUS BUS
N L N L N L IN L IN N 74 75 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

2) 2)
4 4

43 44 74 75

N L N N L L IN L IN N

M M
M M %-rel %-rel

2) 2)
PC1* VC1* PC2* 230 V AC 230 V AC MC1 MC2 VC2* TC2* T0 MD2* BUS BUS BUS TC1* MD1*
PW1* PW2* PW3* PW4* TW2* IC2* TW1* IC1* 6 720 810 983-02.2O

Fig. 125 Wiring diagram for heating circuit module MM200


Terminal designations:
230 V AC Mains voltage connection T0 Connection for temperature sensor at
BUS Connection to BUS system EMS 2 the low loss header or buffer cylinder
MC1/MC2 High limit thermostat TC1/TC2 Connection for heating circuit
MD1/MD2 Volt-free contact temperature sensor or cylinder
OC1/OC2 No function temperature sensor
PC1/PC2 Connection to pump VC1/VC2 Connection for mixing valve motor or
DHW circulation pump
System components:
230 V AC Mains voltage T1 Temperature sensor at buffer cylinder
BT Buffer cylinder (connection to heat pump)
BUS EMS 2 BUS system TC1/TC2 Flow temperature sensor in assigned
CON EMS 2 User interface heating circuit
HS... Heat source (e.g. condensing TW1/TW2 Cylinder temperature sensor in
appliance, floor standing boiler, heat assigned DHW system
pump) VC1/VC2 Mixing valve motor in assigned mixed
MC1/MC2 Temperature switch or jumper heating circuit
IC1/IC2 Switching contact for external heat
requirement 1) Depending on the user interface
MD1/MD2 Dew point monitor installed, maximum 4 or 8. All coding
MM 100 MM 100 heating circuit module switches must be set differently.
MM 200 MM 200 heating circuit module 2) Connect earth lead to corresponding
PC1/PC2 Heating pump in the assigned heating terminal ( ).
circuit
PW1/PW3 Cylinder primary pump in assigned
cylinder charging circuit
PW2/PW4 DHW circulation pump in assigned DHW
system
T0 Flow temperature sensor to the low
loss header (optional)

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Specifications
Unit MM 200
Dimensions (W × H × D) mm 246 × 184 × 61
Maximum cross-section:
- 230 V terminal mm2 2.5
- extra-low voltage terminal mm2 1.5
Rated voltages:
- BUS (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Module rated voltage V AC/Hz 230/50
- User interface (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Pumps and mixers V AC/Hz 230/50
Fuse (T) V/A 230/5 AT
BUS interface – EMS 2
Maximum permissible overall bus length m 300
Power consumption Standby W <1
Maximum output (per connection):
– PC1/PC2 W 400
– VC1/VC2 W 100
Maximum peak current PC1 A/s 40
Temperature sensor measuring range
- Lower tolerance limit °C < –10
- Display range °C 0...100
- Upper tolerance limit °C > 125
Maximum permissible cable length for each temperature sensor m 100
Permissible ambient temperature °C 0...60
IP rating for wall-mounted installation – IP44
IP rating for installation in heat source with – Depending on heat source
Table 46 Specifications for heating circuit module MM 200

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136 | Function modules for expansion of control system

6.3 Solar module


6.3.1 MS 100 solar module

6 720 647 922-28.1O

Fig. 130 Therm.dis./daily heat-up(K)


Thermal disinfection to avoid legionella

6 720 811 619-06.1O V


Fig. 126 MS 100 solar module 6 720 647 922-35.1O

Fig. 131 Heat meter (L)


Notes regarding electrical connections can Selecting the heat meter enables the yield
be found in the installation instructions. calculation to be activated.
• One MS 100 module at the most per system.
• Internal communication with the SEC 20 installation
Usage
module is via EMS 2 data BUS.
• The MS 100 solar module is a control module for a
basic solar system. Functions and properties
• Suitable for HE pumps.
• Commissioning and operation via the HPC 400 user
interface.
• Operating and fault indications via LED.
• Encoded and colour-coded plug.
• Determination of solar yield based on system yield
6 720 647 922-17.1O
parameters (calculated) or using a WMZ kit (flow rate
Fig. 127 Solar thermal system (1) measurement and capture of flow and return
Basic solar thermal system temperature).
• Adding functions to the solar thermal system forms • Integral SolarInside-ControlUnit. Solar optimisation
the required solar system. Not all functions can be for DHW heating and heating mode.
combined with each other. • Vacuum tubes function (“pump anti-seize”).
Interfaces
• 3 temperature sensor inputs.
• 1 output PWM/0...10 V.
• 2 pump outputs 230 V.
• 1 connection to BUS system EMS 2.
6 720 647 922-22.1O • 1 flow rate input (WMZ kit).
Fig. 128 Ext heat exchanger cyl 1(E) Fitting
External heat exchanger for solar system • Wall-mounted installation, standard rail installation
at cylinder 1 possible.
Scope of delivery
• MS 100 solar module.
• 1 collector temperature sensor TS1
(NTC 20 K, Ø 6 mm).
• One TS2 cylinder temperature sensor
6 720 647 922-26.1O (NTC 12 K, Ø 6 mm).
Fig. 129 Transfer system(I) • Installation material.
Transfer system with solar-heated • Technical documentation.
pre-heating cylinder for DHW heating

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Wiring chart

≤ 24 V
IS1 OS1
1 2 3 4 1 2 3
MS 100

VS1, 120/230 V AC ≤ 24 V
PS2, PS3
120/230VAC120/230VAC VS1, PS2, PS3 PS1 TS1 TS2 TS3 BUS
N 74 75 N L N L N 74 75 N 63 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

N L N L N L
1 2 3
PWM
M M M V 0-10V

PS5* 230 VAC 230 VAC PS6* PS1 TS1 TS2 TS6* BUS WM1 TS13 PS1
PS9* TS12* 6 720 810 985-01.1O

Fig. 132 Terminals for the MS 100 solar module


230 V~ Mains voltage connection
BUS BUS system connection
IS1 Connection for heat meter (Input Solar)
Terminal assignment: 1 – earth (water meter
and temperature sensor); 2 – flow rate (water
meter); 3 – temperature (temperature sensor);
4 – 5 VDC (power supply for vortex sensors)
MS 100 Module for standard solar thermal systems
OS1 Connection for pump speed control (PWM or
0...10 V) (Output Solar)
terminal assignment: 1 – earth; 2 – PWM/
0...10-V output; 3 – PWM input (optional)
PS1...3 Connection to pump (Pump Solar)
PS1 Solar circuit pump for collector array 1
PS5 Cylinder primary pump when using an external
heat exchanger
PS6 Cylinder transfer pump for transfer system
without heat exchanger (and thermal
disinfection)
PS9 Thermal disinfection pump
TS1...3 Connection to temperature sensor
(Temperature sensor Solar)
TS1 Temperature sensor for collector array 1
TS2 Cylinder 1 bottom temperature sensor
TS6 Heat exchanger temperature sensor
TS12 Temperature sensor in flow to solar collector
(heat meter)
TS13 Temperature sensor in return from solar
collector (heat meter)
VS1 Connection to 3-way valve or 3-way mixing
valve (Valve Solar)
WM1 Water meter

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138 | Function modules for expansion of control system

Specifications
Unit MS 100
Dimensions (W × H × D) mm 151 × 184 × 61
Maximum cross-section
- 230 V terminal mm2 2.5
- LV terminal mm2 1.5
Rated voltages
- BUS (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Module rated voltage V AC/Hz 230/50
- User interface (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Pumps and mixers V AC/Hz 230/50
Modulation of solar HE pump – Via PWM signal or 0 ...10 V
Fuse (T) V/A 230/5
BUS interface – EMS 2
Maximum permissible overall bus length m 300
Power consumption Standby W <1
Maximum output per connection (PS1; VS1/PS2/PS3) W 250 1)
Maximum peak current (PS1; VS1/PS2/PS3) A/s 40
Cylinder temperature sensor measuring range
- Lower tolerance limit °C < –10
- Display range °C 0...100
- Upper tolerance limit °C > 125
Collector temperature sensor measuring range
- Lower tolerance limit °C < –35
- Display range °C –30...200
- Upper tolerance limit °C > 230
Maximum permissible cable length for each temperature sensor m 100
Permissible ambient temperatures °C 0...60
IP rating – IP44
Table 47 Technical data for MS 100 solar module
1) 2 connections to which loads up to 400 W can optionally be applied. Do not exceed the maximum permissible total current of 5 A.

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6.3.2 MS 200 solar module

6 720 647 922-22.1O

Fig. 137 Ext heat exchanger cyl 1(E)


External heat exchanger for solar system
at cylinder 1

6 720 811 619-07.1O

Fig. 133 MS 200 solar module, operation via HPC 400


system user interface

Notes regarding electrical connections can 6 720 647 922-23.1O


be found in the installation instructions.
Fig. 138 Ext heat exchanger cyl 2(F)
External heat exchanger for solar system at
cylinder 2
Usage
• Control module for more complex solar systems for
DHW heating central heating backup.

6 720 647 922-17.1O


6 720 647 922-23.1O

Fig. 134 Solar thermal system (1) Fig. 139 2nd coll. array(G))
Basic solar thermal system 2. Collector array (e.g. east/west orientation)

6 720 647 922-26.1O

Fig. 140 Transfer system(I)


6 720 647 922-19.1O
Transfer system with solar-heated
pre-heating cylinder for DHW heating
Fig. 135 Cylinder 2 with valve (B)
2nd cylinder with priority/secondary control
via 3-way valve

6 720 647 922-27.1O

Fig. 141 Transfer system with HE(J)


Transfer system with buffer cylinder

6 720 647 922-20.1O

Fig. 136 Cylinder 2 with pump (C)


2nd cylinder with priority/secondary control
via 2nd pump

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140 | Function modules for expansion of control system

6 720 647 922-28.1O

Fig. 142 Therm.dis./daily heat-up(K)


Thermal disinfection to avoid legionella
6 720 647 922-21.2O

Fig. 147 Ext heat exchanger cyl 3 (Q)


External heat exchanger for solar system at
cylinder 3
• One MS 200 module at the most per system.
V • Internal communication with the SEC 20 installation
6 720 647 922-35.1O
module is via EMS 2 data BUS.
Fig. 143 Heat meter (L)
Functions and properties
Selecting the heat meter enables the yield
• Suitable for HE pumps.
calculation to be activated.
• Commissioning and operation via the HPC 400 user
interface.
• Operating and fault indications via LED.
• Encoded and colour-coded plug.
• Determination of solar yield based on system yield
parameters (calculated) or using a WMZ kit (flow rate
measurement and capture of flow and return
temperature).
• Integral SolarInside-ControlUnit. Solar optimisation
6 720 647 922-29.1O for DHW heating and heating mode.
Fig. 144 Temp differential controller (R) • Vacuum tubes function (“pump anti-seize”).
Freely-configurable temperature differential Interfaces
controller (only available when the MS 200 is
• 8 temperature sensor inputs.
combined with the MS 100)
• 2 outputs PWM/0...10 V.
• 3 pump outputs 230 V.
• 2 outputs diverter valve or 3-way valve.
• 2 connections to EMS 2 bus system.
• 2 inputs flow rate capture (WMZ kit).
Fitting
• Wall-mounted installation.
Standard rail installation possible.
6 720 807 456-03.1O Scope of delivery
Fig. 145 Cylinder 3 with valve (N) • MS 200 solar module.
3 cylinders with priority/secondary control via 3- • One collector temperature sensor TS1
way valves (NTC 20 K, Ø 6 mm).
• One TS2 cylinder temperature sensor
(NTC 12 K, Ø 6 mm).
• Installation material.
• Technical documentation.

6 720 647 922-21.2O

Fig. 146 Pool (P)


Swimming pool function

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Wiring chart

VS1,
PS2, PS3
MS 200
N 74 75
120/230 V AC ≤ 24 V
PS5 VS2 PS4 TS4 TS5 TS6 TS7 TS8 IS2 OS2
4 N 63 N 43 44 N 63 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3

74 75

VS3*
120/230 V AC ≤ 24 V
120/230VAC 120/230VAC VS1/PS2/PS3 PS1 TS1 TS2 TS3 IS1 OS1 BUS BUS
N L N L N 74 75 N 63 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 1 2 1 2

N L N L N L N L N L
1 2 3 1 2 3

PWM PWM
M M M M M
0-10V 0-10V
PS5 VS2 PS3 230 V AC 230 V AC VS1* PS1 TS1 TS2 TS3 TS13 PS1 BUS BUS TS4 TS5 TS6 TS7 TS8 TS12 PS3

V
WM1 6 720 807 456-24.2O

Fig. 148 Terminals for the MS 200 solar module


230 V~Mains voltage connection TS14 Heat source temperature sensor
BUS EMS 2 BUS system (temperature differential controller)
PS1 Solar circuit pump for collector array 1
PS3 Cylinder primary pump for 2nd cylinder with TS15 Heat sink temperature sensor
pump (temperature differential controller)
PS4 Solar circuit pump for collector array 2 TS16 Pool and cylinder 3 bottom temperature sensor
PS5 Cylinder primary pump when using an external VS1 3-way valve for central heating backup ( )
heat exchanger VS2 3-way valve for 2nd cylinder with valve
PS6 Cylinder transfer pump for transfer system VS3 3-way mixer for return temperature control ( )
without heat exchanger (and thermal VS4 3-way valve for 3nd cylinder with valve
disinfection) WM1 Water meter
PS7 Cylinder transfer pump for transfer system with
heat exchanger
PS9 Thermal disinfection pump
PS10 Pump for active collector cooling
MS100 Module for standard solar thermal systems
MS200 Module for extended solar thermal systems
TS1 Temperature sensor for collector array 1
TS2 Cylinder 1 bottom temperature sensor
TS3 Cylinder 1 middle temperature sensor
TS4 Temperature sensor for heating return to the
cylinder
TS5 Pool and cylinder 2 bottom temperature sensor
TS6 Heat exchanger temperature sensor
TS7 Temperature sensor for collector array 2
TS8 Temperature sensor for heating return from the
cylinder
TS9 Cylinder 3 top temperature sensor; connection
only to MS200 if the module is installed in a BUS
system without a heat source
TS10 Cylinder 1 top temperature sensor
TS11 Cylinder 3 bottom temperature sensor
TS12 Temperature sensor in flow to solar collector
(heat meter)
TS13 Temperature sensor in solar collector return
(heat meter)

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142 | Function modules for expansion of control system

Specifications
Specifications Unit MS 200
Dimensions (W × H × D) mm 246 × 184 × 61
Maximum cross-section
- 230 V terminal mm2 2.5
- LV terminal mm2 1.5
Rated voltages:
- BUS (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Module rated voltage V AC/Hz 230/50
- User interface (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Pumps and mixers V AC/Hz 230/50
Modulation of solar HE pump – Via PWM signal or 0 ...10 V
Fuse (T) V/A 230/5
BUS interface – EMS 2
Maximum permissible overall bus length m 300
Power consumption Standby W <1
Maximum output per connection W 250 1)
(PS1; PS4; PS5; VS1/PS2/PS3; VS2)
Maximum peak current (PS1; PS4; PS5; VS1/PS2/PS3; VS2) A/s 40
Cylinder temperature sensor measuring range
- Lower tolerance limit °C < –10
- Display range °C 0...100
- Upper tolerance limit °C > 125
Collector temperature sensor measuring range:
–- Lower tolerance limit °C < –35
- Display range °C – 30...200
–- Upper tolerance limit °C > 230
Maximum permissible cable length for each temperature sensor m 100
Permissible ambient temperatures °C 0...60
IP rating – IP44
Table 48 Technical data for MS 200 solar module
1) 2 connections to which loads up to 400 W can optionally be applied. Do not exceed the maximum permissible total current of 5 A.

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6.4 Swimming pool module MP 100 • Internal communication with the SEC 20 installation
module is via EMS 2 data BUS.
MP100 Functions and properties
With a heat requirement, the swimming pool is heated
Pool MC1 so that the temperature for the heating at the T0 sensor
(in the buffer or at the bypass) is always reached
TC1 anyway. (Overcapacity at performance in SWB).
Additional functions and properties:
• Suitable for HE pumps.
• Commissioning and operation via the HPC 400 user
interface.
VC1 • Encoded and colour-coded plug.
• Operating and fault indications via LED.
6 720 811 619-08.2T • Parallel operation of swimming pool heating and
cooling mode is not possible. Swimming pool heating
Fig. 149 Swimming pool module MP 100
can start only when the cooling requirement has been
MC1 External cleaning system of swimming pool satisfied.
control system
Fitting
TC1 Swimming pool temperature sensor
VC1 Mixer • Wall-mounted installation.
Standard rail installation possible.
Usage
Scope of delivery
The MP 100 is a control module for a swimming pool
heating circuit. • Swimming pool module MP 100.
• Integrated behind the diverter valve for VW1 DHW and • Installation material.
theVC0 bypass valve. • Technical documentation.
• One MP 100 module at the most per system. Required accessories
• Swimming pool temperature sensor TC1.
Wiring chart

MP 100 24V
4 5 6
3 7 OC1 MD1
2 8
1 9
1 2 3 1 2
0 10

120/230 V AC 24V
120/230VAC 120/230VAC VC1 MC1 PC1 T0 TC1 BUS BUS
N L N L N 43 44 15 16 N 63 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

43 44

1 2
M

230 V AC 230 V AC VC1 MC1 TC1 BUS BUS


6 720 811 619-09.1O

Fig. 150 Terminals for the MP 100 swimming pool module


Terminal designations:
230 V~ Mains voltage connection
BUS Connection of EMS 2/EMS plus BUS system VC1 Connection for mixing valve motor:
MC1 External cleaning system of swimming pool Terminal 43: mixer open
control system (more heat supplied to swimming pool)
TC1 Connection for swimming pool temperature Terminal 44: mixer closed
sensor (less heat supplied to swimming pool)

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144 | Function modules for expansion of control system

Specifications Unit MP 100


Dimensions (W × H × D) mm 151 × 184 × 61
Maximum cross-section:
- 230 V terminal mm2 2.5
- extra-low voltage terminal mm2 1.5
Rated voltages
- BUS (reverse polarity protected) V DC 15
- Rated voltage of module V AC/Hz 230/50
- User interface (reverse polarity protected) DC 15
- Mixer V AC/Hz 230/50
Fuse (T) V/A 230/5
BUS interface – EMS 2/EMS plus
Power consumption on standby W <1
Maximum output per connection (VC1) W 100
Temperature sensor measuring range:
- Lower tolerance limit °C < –10
- Display range °C 0 ... 100
- Upper tolerance limit °C > 125
Permissible ambient temperature °C 0 ... 60
IP rating:
– With installation in heat source – IP 44
– With wall-mounted installation – Determined by the IP rating of
the heat source
Protection class – I
Table 49

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DHW heating | 145

Time control
7 DHW heating According to the Energy Savings Ordinance in Germany
(EnEV), DHW circulation systems must be equipped with
7.1 Information on cylinders for heat pumps automatic equipment to shut down DHW circulation
7.1.1 Heat exchanger pumps and be insulated against heat loss in accordance
Depending on the system, the flow temperature of heat with accepted technical rules. The temperature
pumps is lower than with conventional heating systems difference between the DHW outlet and the point of
(gas, oil). To compensate for this, the DHW cylinders are entry into the circulation loop must not be more than 5 K
equipped with special large-surface heat exchangers. ( Fig. 151). Size the piping to DIN 1988-3 or DVGW
Code of Practice W 553. DHW circulation systems are
Output losses are to be expected over time with a water prescribed for large systems in accordance with the
hardness of > 3 °dH due to the formation of limescale on DVGW Code of PractiseW 551.
the surfaces of the heat exchangers.
▶ Carry out maintenance in accordance with the
installation instructions on a regular basis.
WW ZL
7.1.2 Flow limiter
To make the best use of the cylinder capacity and to 20
prevent premature mixing of the cylinder content, we
recommend restricting the cold water inlet to the SW ... 15.2
cylinder on-site to the following flow rate:
Memory Flow rate
[l/min]
SW 290-1 15 VSP
SG
SW 370-1 18 ϑ GT3X
SW 400-1, SW 450-1 20 Z 10
48
Table 50
RSP BWAG 15.3
We also recommend that the cross-section of the cold
water connection is approx. 0.5...0.7 metre upstream of 15.4 15.2 22 21
the cylinder is widened to the internal diameter of the KW
connector.
E 15.1
7.1.3 Thermal disinfection (circuit) 6 720 611 662-02.1O

According to the DVGW Code of Practice W 551, thermal


disinfection is not required for private single or two- Fig. 151 Diagram of a DHW circulation line
family homes, as long as they are not leased. BWAG DHW expansion vessel (recommendation)
Nonetheless, a regular thermal disinfection run can be E Drain
programmed using the control software (e.g. every GT3X Cylinder temperature sensor, heat pump
7 days). KW Cold water connection
RSP Cylinder return
7.1.4 DHW circulation pipe SG Safety assembly to DIN 1988
A return pipe to the DHW cylinder must be installed as SW... Cylinder for heat pump
close as possible to the draw-off points. The DHW then VSP Cylinder flow
circulates around that loop. When a DHW draw-off point WW DHW connection
is opened, hot water is immediately available for the end Z DHW circulation connection
customer. ZL DHW circulation pipe
In large buildings (apartment blocks, hotels, etc.), 10 Safety valve
installation of a DHW circulation loop is also worth 15.1 Test valve
considering from the point of view of water loss. Where 15.2 Non-return component
draw-off points are a long distance from the cylinder, it 15.3 Pressure gauge connector
not only takes a long time for the water to run hot if there 15.4 Shut-off valve
is no circulation loop, a large amount of water also goes 20 DHW circulation pump provided by the
to waste. customer
▶ When connecting a recirculation line: 21 Shut-off valve (on-site)
Install a DHW circulation pump approved for drinking 22 Pressure reducer (if required, accessory)
water and a suitable non-return valve. 48 Dewatering point
▶ If no DHW circulation line is connected:
Seal and insulate the connection. The DHW circulation pump and the
connected plastic pipes must be suitable for
Important notice (DIN 1988): temperatures over 60 °C.
▶ Do not exceed a flow speed of 0.5 m/s in
the DHW circulation line.

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146 | DHW heating

7.2 DHW cylinders SW 290-1,


Circulation is permitted with consideration
SW 370-1, SW 400-1 and SW 450-1
for the cool-down losses only if a time- and/
or temperature-dependent DHW circulation 7.2.1 Description and scope of delivery
pump is provided. The high-grade SW ...-1 DHW cylinders are available in
the 290, 370, 400 and 450 litre versions. Used in
7.1.5 Cylinder sizing in single-family homes conjunction with Junkers heat pumps, they are the ideal
An output of 0.2 kW for DHW heating per person is way to meet individual requirements regarding the daily
normally calculated. This is based on the assumption DHW demand.
that one person uses a maximum of 100 litres of DHW at
a temperature of 45 °C. Use cylinders SW 290-1, SW 370-1,
It is therefore important to take the maximum SW 400-1 and SW 450-1 only for heating
anticipated number of persons into account. Habits potable water.
involving a high amount of water consumption (such as
the operation of whirlpools) must also be factored into
the calculation.
If the DHW is not to be heated in the design point (e.g.
in the middle of winter) using the heat pump, the energy
demand for the DHW heating must not be added to the
central heating heat load.
7.1.6 Cylinder sizing in apartment buildings
Calculating the demand factor for residential buildings
The demand factor can be determined by means of the
“Junkers DHW Design - Version 2014” sizing software
( www.junkers.com).
A temperature of 60 °C is prescribed at the DHW outlet
cylinder according to the DVGW W 551 Code of Practice
for 3 or more dwelling units with a cylinder volume of
> 400 litres or a pipe content of > 3 litres between the
DHW cylinder outlet and draw-off point.

Fig. 152
Equipment level
• Enamelled steel container
• Protective anode against corrosion
• White film covering
• Plain tube heat exchanger in the form of a double coil,
sized for flow temperature TV = 55 °C
• Separate cylinder temperature sensor (12 k) is
included with the ACB/ACE indoor unit.
• Thermometers
• Removable cylinder flange

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DHW heating | 147

Benefits and the thermal stratification in the upper cylinder


• Designed for use with Junkers heat pumps section. This characteristic is due to the system design
• Four different sizes and cannot be prevented.
• Very efficient insulation The built-in thermometer displays the prevailing
temperature in the upper section of the container. Due
Function description to the natural thermal stratification inside the container,
When DHW is being drawn off, the temperature in the the set cylinder temperature should be interpreted
top of the cylinder drops by approx. 8 °C to 10 °C before simply as an average value. The temperature indicator
the heat pump reheats the cylinder. and the switching point of the cylinder temperature
If several short draw-off events follow each other, there control are not, therefore, identical.
can be an overshooting of the set cylinder temperature
7.2.2 Physical and connection dimensions

WW
MA R1

T
700
B
VSP B
H6

Rp 11/4
A
H5

A
ZL
H4

Rp 3/4
H3
H2
H1

R SP
Rp 11/4
55

KW/E
220

R1

25 6 720 811 619-31.1O

Fig. 153 Physical and connection dimensions for the SW 290-1 DHW cylinder ... SW 450-1 (Dimensions in mm)
A Sensor well for cylinder temperature sensor When replacing the protective anode, ensure a distance
(delivered condition: cylinder temperature of 400 mm from the ceiling. Use a chain anode with a
sensor in sensor well A) metallic connection to the cylinder.
B Sensor pocket for cylinder temperature sensor
200

special applications)
E Drain
KW Cold water inlet (R 1)
MA Magnesium anode 100
RSP Cylinder return (Rp 1¼)
T Sensor well with thermometer for
temperature display 100
VSP Cylinder flow (Rp 1¼)
WW DHW outlet (R 1)
ZL DHW circulation connection (Rp ¾)

H1 H2 H3 H4 H5 H6
600

SW 290-1 544 644 784 829 1226 1294


SW 370-1 665 791 964 1009 1523 1591
SW 400-1 1081 1241 1415 1459 1811 1921
SW 450-1 855 945 1189 1234 1853 1921
6 720 614 229-02.3T
Table 51
Fig. 154 Recommended minimum wall clearances [mm]

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148 | DHW heating

7.2.3 Specifications
Cylinder type Unit SW 290-1 SW 370-1 SW 400-1 SW 450-1
Heat exchanger (heating coil)
Number of windings – 2 × 12 2 × 16 2 × 26 2 × 21
Heating water capacity I 22 29.0 47.5 38.5
Heating surface m2 3.2 4.2 7.0 5.6
Maximum heating water temperature °C 110 110 110 110
Maximum operating pressure inside the heating coil bar 10 10 10 10
Maximum heating output at TV = 55 °C and TSp = 45 °C kW 11.0 14.0 23.0 23.0
Maximum continuous output at TV = 60 °C and TSp = 45 °C
(maximum cylinder heat input) l/h 216 320 514 514
Included heating water quantity l/h 1000 1500 2500 2000
Maximum performance factor NL1) according to DIN 4708 – 2.3 3.0 3.7 3.7
at TV = 60 °C (maximum cylinder heating load)
Minimum heat-up time of TK = 10 °C to TSp = 57 °C
with TV = 60 °C at:
- 22 kW cylinder heat input min – – 73 78
- 11 kW cylinder heat input min 116 128 – –
Tank capacity
Available capacity I 277 352 399 433
Usable DHW volume2) TSp = 57 °C and
- TZ = 45 °C l 296 360 418 454
- TZ = 40 °C l 375 470 530 578
Maximum flow rate l/min 15 18 20 20
Maximum operating pressure for water bar 10 10 10 10
Safety valve (accessory) DN 20 20 20 20
Further details
Standby energy consumption (24 h) according to DIN 4753 kWh/d 2.1 2.6 3.0 3.0
part 82)
Weight (empty, excl. packaging) kg 137 145 200 180
Part number – 7 719 003 7 719 003 7 747 029 7 719 003
059 060 401 061
Table 52
1) The performance factor NL corresponds to the number of residential units to be supplied, each with 3.5 occupants, one standard bath
tub and two further draw-off points. NL as determined to DIN 4708 at TSp = 57 °C, TZ = 45 °C, TK = 10 °C and at maximum heating
capacity. With reduced cylinder heat input and lower heating water quantity, NL decreases accordingly.
2) Excluding distribution losses outside the cylinder.

TK Domestic cold water inlet temperature


TSp Temperature of the cylinder
TV Supply temperature
TZ DHW outlet temperature

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DHW heating | 149

Pressure drop of the indirect coil in bar Continuous hot water output:
The constant outputs shown refer to the following
[mbar]
parameters:
400 • a flow temperature of 60 °C
• a domestic hot water temperature of 45 °C
• a cold water inlet temperature of 10 °C
• maximum heat input (heat source input at least the
200 same as the cylinder output).
A reduction of the stated heating water quantity or
cylinder heat input will result in a reduction of the
constant output as well as the performance factor (NL).
100
Possible combinations of heat pump/DHW cylinder
80
1 SW 290-1 SW 370-1 SW 400-1
60 SW 450-1
2 SAO 60-2 + – –
40 SAO 80-2 + + –
3 SAO 90-2 HT + + –
SAO 110-2 + + +
4 SAO 140-2 + + +
20 SAO 150-2 HT + + +
Table 53 Combination options;
+ possible; – not possible

10
0,6 0,8 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0
6 720 617 571 - 01.2O V [m3/h]
Fig. 155
[1] SW 290-1
[2] SW 370-1
[3] SW 400-1
[4] SW 450-1
p Pressure drop
V Heating water flow rate

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150 | DHW heating

7.3 Dual-fuel cylinder SWE 400-5 solar and SWE 500-5 solar
7.3.1 Description and scope of delivery Equipment level
The high-grade solar cylinder for heat pumps SWE ... -5 • Enamelled steel container
solar are available in 400 and 500 litre versions. The are • Protective anode against corrosion
the ideal solution for the simple connection of thermal • White film covering
solar systems or a stove into the DHW heating. • Thermal insulation from fleece
• Top smooth tube heat exchanger
• Bottom smooth tube heat exchanger
• Cylinder temperature sensor in sensor pockets with
power cable for connection to Junkers heat pumps
• Removable cylinder flange

Optionally, a ESH 6 or ESH 9 electric


booster heater with an output of 6 and 9 kW
respectively can be integrated into the solar
cylinder.

Benefits
• Designed for use with Junkers heat pumps
• 2 different sizes
• Very efficient insulation
Specifications  tab. 56, page 152.
Function description
When DHW is being drawn off, the temperature in the
top of the cylinder drops by approx. 8 °C to 10 °C before
the heat pump reheats the cylinder.
If several short draw-off events follow each other, there
can be an overshooting of the set cylinder temperature
and the thermal stratification in the upper cylinder
section. This characteristic is due to the system design
6 720 818 101-36.1T
and cannot be prevented.
Fig. 156 SWE 400/500-5 solar DHW cylinder
7.3.2 Physical and connection dimensions

R 1¼
19

R 1¼
H

HAB

R1
HVS2

19
HRS2
HEZ

R1
HVS1
HEK/EL
HRS1

6 720 818 318-05.1T

Fig. 157 Connection dimensions and other dimensions for the solar cylinder SWE 400-5/SWE 500-5 solar (dimensions in
mm)

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Cylinder type Unit SWE 400-5 SWE 400-5 SWE 500-5 SWE 500-5
solar C solar B solar C solar B
Dimensions
Diameter Ø D mm 780 850 780 850
Height H mm 1624 1624 1920 1920
Cold water inlet/drain HEK/EL mm 131 131 131 131
Cylinder flow on solar side HVS1 mm 731 731 731 731
Cylinder return on solar side HRS1 mm 274 274 274 274
Cylinder return HRS2 mm 818 818 818 818
Cylinder flow HVS2 mm 1571 1571 1571 1571
DHW circulation inlet HEZ mm 1128 1128 1128 1128
DHW outlet HAB mm 1731 1731 1731 1731
Clearance for feet A1/A2 mm 450/520 450/520 450/520 450/520
Table 54 Dimensions for SWE 400-5 solar and SWE 500-5 solar

Anode replacement:
▶ When replacing the anode, install either
an insulated rod anode or a chain anode.

Possible combinations of heat pump/DHW cylinder:

Heat pump DHW cylinder


SWE 400-5 solar SWE 500-5 solar
SAO 60-2 + –
SAO 80-2 + –
SAO 110-2 + +
SAO 140-2 + +
SAO 90-2 HT + –
SAO 150-2 HT + +
Table 55 Combination options83
+ possible; – not possible
Wall clearances
≥ 500

≥ 400 ≥ 100
6 720 618 697-11.2O

Fig. 158 Recommended minimum wall clearances


(measurements in mm)

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152 | DHW heating

7.3.3 Specifications
Cylinder type Unit SWE 400-5 SWE 400-5 SWE 500-5 SWE 500-5
solar C solar B solar C solar B
Heat exchanger (heating coil)
Capacity of heat pump heat exchanger (top) I 18 18 27 27
Heating surface of heat pump heat exchanger (top) m2 3.3 3.3 5.1 5.1
Capacity of solar system heat exchanger (bottom) I 9.5 9.5 13.2 13.2
Heating surface of solar system heat exchanger m2 1.3 1.3 1.8 1.8
(bottom)
Maximum heating water temperature °C 160 160 160 160
Maximum operating pressure for heating coils bar 16 16 16 16
Maximum performance factor NL1) according to DIN – 2.8 3.4
4708
at TV = 60 °C (maximum cylinder heating load)
Tank capacity
Available capacity I 378 378 489 489
Standby reservoir I 180 180 254 254
Maximum operating pressure for water bar 10 10 10 10
Further details
Standby energy consumption (24 h) according to DIN kWh/d 2.5 1.78 2.64 1.92
4753 part 82)
Weight (empty, excl. packaging) kg 190 197.5 268 237.5
Table 56 Specifications SWE 400-5 solar and SWE 500-5 solar
1) The performance factor NL corresponds to the number of residential units to be supplied, each with 3.5 occupants, one standard bath
tub and two further draw-off points. NL as determined to DIN 4708 at TSp = 57 °C, TZ = 45 °C, TK = 10 °C and at maximum heating
capacity. With reduced cylinder heat input and lower heating water quantity, NL decreases accordingly.
2) Excluding distribution losses outside the cylinder

TK Domestic cold water inlet temperature


TSp Temperature of the cylinder
TV Supply temperature
TZ DHW outlet temperature
7.3.4 Product data for energy consumption SWE 400-5 solar C/ SWE 500-5 solar C and SWE 400-5 solar B/
SWE 500-5 solar B
DHW cylinder Unit SWE 400-5 solar C SWE 500-5 solar C
EU directives for energy efficiency for 65 mm thermal insulation1)
Energy efficiency class – C C
Standing loss W 99 110
Storage volume I 378 489
Table 57 Product data for energy consumption SWE 400-5 solar C and SWE 500-5 solar C
1) 65 mm rigid foam

DHW cylinder Unit SWE 400-5 solar B SWE 500-5 solar B


EU directives for energy efficiency for 100 mm thermal insulation1)
Energy efficiency class – B B
Standing loss W 74 80
Storage volume I 378 489
Table 58 Product data for energy consumption SWE 400-5 solar B/ SWE 500-5 solar B
1) 100 mm rigid foam + non-woven polyester

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Buffer cylinder | 153

8 Buffer cylinder
Buffer cylinders may only be filled with heating water
and operated in sealed heating systems. Any other use is
considered inappropriate. Junkers does not accept any
liability for damage resulting from improper use.
Under certain conditions, a bypass can be installed
instead of a buffer cylinder ( chapter 9).
We recommend that all 0.5...0.7 metre inflowing
connections in the buffer upstream of the connectors
are widened to the internal diameter of the connector.
This prevents swirling in the buffer cylinder.

Buffer cylinders must not be used in


systems with permeable pipework (e.g. in
old underfloor heating systems). This
situation requires system separation with a
plate heat exchanger. Note for sizing:
approx. 10 l/kW

When using a buffer cylinder in combination


with a DHW heating, an additional diverter
valve (VC0) must be provided ( chapter 3
system examples with buffer cylinder).

8.1 Buffer cylinder PSWK 50


8.1.1 Equipment overview
PSWK 50 buffer cylinders can be used only with
SAO 60-2 heat pumps.

6720803559-00.1Wo

Fig. 159 Buffer cylinder PSWK 50

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154 | Buffer cylinder

8.1.2 Physical and connection dimensions


540

Ø 530

6 720 801 984-59.1il

Fig. 160 Physical and connection dimensions (dim. in mm)PSWK 50


EL Drain
M1 Test point for flow temperature sensor
R1 Heat pump return
R2 Heating circuit(s) return
V1 Heat pump flow
V2 Heating circuit(s) flow
8.1.3 Specifications
Buffer cylinder Unit PSWK 50
Cylinder capacity (heating water) I 50
Flow V1, V2 inch R¾
Return R1, R2 inch R¾
Test point M1 inch R½
Maximum heating water temperature °C 95
Maximum heating water operating pressure bar 3
Weight (empty) kg 24
Total weight kg 74
Table 59

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Buffer cylinder | 155

8.2 PSW 120/200/300/500-5 buffer cylinder


Possible combinations of heat pump/buffer cylinder:

PSW
120-5 200-5 300-5 500-5
SAO 60-2 + (+) (+) (+)
SAO 80-2 + + + (+)
SAO 90-2 HT + + + (+)
SAO 110-2 (+) + + +
SAO 140-2 (+) + + +
SAO 150-2 HT (+) + + +
Table 60 Combination options;
+ possible;
(+) possible, but not recommended

6 720 811 619-13.1O

Fig. 161 PSW 120/200/300/500-5 buffer cylinder

9 10 11 9 10 11

8 1 8 1

7 2 7 2

4
M

5 5

6 4

3
120 200, 300 6 720 801 710-02.2T

Fig. 162 Overview PSW 120/200/300-5


[1] Heating system flow [6] Drain point
[2] Casing, painted sheet metal with polyurethane [7] Storage cylinder, steel
rigid foam thermal insulation [8] Flow from heat pump
[3] Heating system return [9] Plug with sensor pocket for flow temperature
[4] Return to heat pump sensor (T1)
[5] Sensor pocket for return temperature sensor (not [10] Air vent
used) [11] PS casing lid

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156 | Buffer cylinder

120 200, 300

A A
3/4

1 1
G
H

10 mm
B, E, F

B
M

F
M 10 mm
1

E
C

C
1

M
N
O
45° P
Q
L

I
K

R
J

U
T
6 720 801 710-01.2T

Fig. 163 dimensions PSW 120/200/300-5

Dimen- Unit PSW 120-5 PSW 200-5 PSW 300-5 Dimen- Unit PSW 120-5 PSW 200-5 PSW 300-5
sion sion
A mm 510 550 670 L mm 105 – –
B mm 980 1530 1495 M mm 364 – –
C mm 248 265 318 D mm 320 – –
D mm 12.5 12.5 12.5 O mm 255 – –
E mm 980 80 80 P mm 190 – –
F mm 980 1399 1355 Q mm 146 – –
G kg 53 75 87 R mm 150 – –
H kg 173 275 387 S mm 185 – –
I mm 1120 1625 1655 T mm 218 – –
J mm 440 – – U mm 130 – –
K mm 255 – –
Table 61

Buffer cylinder Unit PSW 120-5 PSW 200-5 PSW 300-5


Available capacity (total) I 120 200 300
Standby heat loss according to EN 12897; excluding kWh/24 h 1.6 1.8 1.94
distribution losses outside the buffer cylinder
Maximum heating water temperature °C 90 90 90
Maximum heating water operating pressure bar 3 3 3
Table 62 Specifications PSW 120/200/300-5

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Buffer cylinder | 157

D1
¾" D2
H1 (1½")

H2 (1½")

H
H11 (1½")

H13 (1½") 6 720 811 619-11.1O

6 720 811 619-25.1O

Fig. 164 PSW 500-5 connections Fig. 165 Dimensions PSW 500-5

Buffer cylinder Unit PSW 500-5


Diameter D1
– with thermal insulation 80 mm mm 810
– with thermal insulation 120 mm mm 890
Diameter D2 excluding thermal insulation mm 650
Height H
– with thermal insulation 80 mm mm 1785
– with thermal insulation 120 mm mm 1845
Height of connections
– H1 mm 1620
– H2 mm 1440
– H11 mm 270
– H13 mm 130
Total volume I 490
Maximum recommended flow rate through connector 1 1/2" m3/h approx. 5
Operating pressure of heating water/solar heat exchanger bar 3
Operating temperature of heating water/solar heat exchanger bar 90
Gross/net weight
– with thermal insulation 80 mm kg/kg 75/565
– with thermal insulation 120 mm kg/kg 83/573
Standby energy consumption
– with thermal insulation 80 mm kWh/24 h 3.6
– with thermal insulation 120 mm kWh/24 h 2.3
Table 63 Technical data PSW 500-5

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158 | Buffer cylinder

8.3 Buffer cylinder PSW 750/1000-5 S solar


Possible combinations of heat pump/DHW cylinder:

PSW
750-5 S solar 1000-5 S solar
SAO 60-2 – –
SAO 80-2 + –
SAO 90-2 HT + –
SAO 110-2 + +
SAO 140-2 – +
SAO 150-2 HT – +
Table 64 Combination options;
+ possible; – not possible

6 720 811 619-13.1O

Fig. 166 Buffer cylinder PSW 750/1000-5 S solar

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Buffer cylinder | 159

Dimensions and specifications for PSW 750/1000-5 S solar buffer cylinder

H1 - H13 1½"
D1
VLs/RLs 1" E = 1½"
D2
¾"
H1

H2
E H4 V1
H5 V4
H6
V2
H7

H
H8 V3
H10
VLs
V5
H12
RLs

H13 6 720 811 619-14.1O


6 720 811 619-15.2T

Fig. 167 Connections PSW 750/1000-5 S solar Fig. 168 Dimensions and volume PSW 750/1000-5 S solar

Buffer cylinder Unit PSW 750-5 S solar PSW 1000-5 S solar


Diameter D1
– with thermal insulation 80 mm mm 950 950
– with thermal insulation 120 mm mm 1030 1030
Diameter D2 excluding thermal insulation mm 790 790
Height H
– with thermal insulation 80 mm mm 1800 2230
– with thermal insulation 120 mm mm 1865 2295
Height of connections
– H1 mm 1630 2070
– H2 mm 1440 1880
– H4 mm – 1150
– H5/E (connection for immersion heater) mm 1110 1300
– H6/7 mm 950 1150
– H8 mm 830 950
– H10/Ls (solar flow) mm 710 800
– H13 mm 130 130
– RLs (solar return) mm 270 270
Volumes
– V1 (standby. l 300 445
– V2 (heating area) l 150 175
– V3 (solar area) l 300 340
– V4 (total volumes l 750 960
– V5 (solar heat exchanger) l 15 18
Surface area of the solar heat exchanger m2 2.1 2.5
Maximum recommended flow rate through connector 1 1/2" m3/h approx. 5 approx. 5
Operating pressure of heating water/solar heat exchanger bar 3/10 3/10
Operating temperature of heating water/solar heat bar 90/130 90/130
exchanger
Temperature-dependent feed flow rate: m3/h 1.5 1.5
3
Maximum 5 m /h, function successfully tested up to:
Gross/net weight
– with thermal insulation 80 mm kg/kg 158/908 209/1169
– with thermal insulation 120 mm kg/kg 166/916 222/1182
Standby energy consumption
– with thermal insulation 80 mm kWh/24h 4.5 5.7
– with thermal insulation 120 mm kWh/24h 2.7 3.3
Table 65 Specifications PSW 750/1000-5 S solar

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160 | Buffer cylinder

8.4 Freshwater stations


8.4.1 Dimensions and specifications for freshwater station FWST-2

p [mbar]
59 65 140 48 55 57
800

700

600

230 85 500
532

400
483

> 200
418

300
360
200

100

86 0
84
0 5 10 15 20 25
> 250

.
275 6 720 809 213-21.3T V [l/min]
6720809213.04-1.ST
Fig. 170 Residual pressure differential, primary side

Fig. 169 Dimensions of freshwater station (in mm) p [mbar]


700
Fresh water station Unit FWST-2
Transfer rate in the design point, kW 54 600
primary 60 °C/28 °C, secondary 500
45 °C/10 °C 400
Maximum operating temperature 300
(Tmax) 200
– primary °C 95
100
– secondary °C 80
0
Maximum operating pressure bar 3/10 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
(pmax), primary/secondary .
6 720 811 619-17.2T V [l/min]
Maximum flow rate (secondary) l/min 30
Fig. 171 Pressure drop, secondary side
Draw-off rate at
– 45 °C/buffer cylinder: 60 °C l/min 22
– 60 °C/buffer cylinder: 70 °C l/min 15
Primary flow rate (60 °C/28 °C) l/min 24
Weight (m) kg 10.5
Power supply (mains) VAC/Hz 230/50
Maximum power consumption, A 0.44
primary pump
Power consumption during
operation, primary pump W 3...45
energy efficiency index – EEI  0.2
Power draw during operation, W 3...9
DHW circulation pump
(accessory)
NL factor according to DIN 4708 – 2.7
(based on standby volume and
boiler output)
Connections for freshwater – DN 20
station (G ¾)
Table 66 Specifications for
FWST-2 freshwater station

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Buffer cylinder | 161

Temperature characteristics of the freshwater station .


VPV [l/h]
The following curves show, with reference to the
2000
maximum draw-off volume that occurs, how far the
temperature inside the buffer cylinder (standby
1800 TPV [°C]
reservoir) can be reduced in order to achieve the 1600 50 55 60
required DHW temperature. 1400 65
The maximum flow rate (secondary) is 30 l/min. 1200 70
1000 75
80
[°C] 800
600
80
400
90
85 °C 200
75
°C 0
5 10 15 20 25 . 30
70 80
°C
VZ [l/min]
6 720 811 619-19.2T
65
75 Fig. 174 Flow rate from buffer cylinder (flow) at 60 °C
°C draw-off temperature
60
70
°C TPR [°C]
55
45
65
50 °C 40
60 35
45 °C 50 TPV [°C]
55 30 55
60
40 °C 65
25 70
50 75
35 °C 20 80

30 15
10 15 20 25 30
10
1 V [l/min] 5 10 15 20 25 30
6 720 809 213-18.4T .
VZ [l/min]
Fig. 172 Temperature characteristics of the freshwater 6 720 811 619-21.2T
station Fig. 175 Flow rate to buffer cylinder (return) at 45 °C
FWST-2 draw-off temperature
DHW temperature
65 Temperature in the standby reservoir of the buffer TPR [°C]
°C
cylinder 45

Example ( Fig. 173 [1]): In order to achieve a DHW


65 TPV [°C]
40
temperature of 50 °C, a temperature of 60 °C in the 70
75
standby section is sufficient to draw off 17 l/min. 35 80
. 30
VPV [l/h]
2000
25
1800 TPV [°C]
1600 50 20
55 60
1400 65 15
1200 70
1000 75 10
80 5 10 15 20 25 30
800 .
VZ [l/min]
600 6 720 811 619-22.2T

400 Fig. 176 Flow rate from buffer cylinder (return) at 60 °C


200 draw-off temperature
0
5 10 15 20 25 30 Key to Fig. 173 to Fig. 176:
.
VZ [l/min] TPR Return temperature to buffer cylinder
6 720 811 619-19.2T TPV Flow temperature from buffer cylinder
VPV Flow rate from buffer cylinder
Fig. 173 Flow rate from buffer cylinder (flow) at 45 °C
VZ Draw-off rate
draw-off temperature

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162 | Buffer cylinder

Heat pump SAO 80-2 SAO 90-2 HT SAO 110-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2 SAO 150-2 HT
Combined with buffer cylinder Unit PSW PSW PSW PSW PSW PSW
750-5 S 750-5 S 750-5 S 1000-5 S 1000-5 S 1000-5 S
solar solar solar solar solar solar
Output at A-7/W55, EN 14511 kW 7.2 7.1 11 11 10.8 13.9
DHW area in cylinder I 300 300 300 445 445 445
Draw-off rate without reheating
at 45 °C draw-off temperature
and drawing off at:
– 10 l/min l 240 240 240 350 350 350
– 15 l/min l 220 220 220 320 320 320
Peak flow rate at 45 °C draw-off
temperature and cylinder l/min
temperature of: l/min 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
– 50 °C l/min 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
– 55 °C1) l/min 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
– 60 °C1) 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
– 65 °C1)
Time for reheating the DHW in min approx. approx. 89 approx. 58 approx. 85 approx. 87 approx. 67
the buffer cylinder by the heat 88
pump2)
Max. number of solar collectors 8 8 8 10 10 10
Table 67 Performance data FWST-2 with PSW ...-5 solar
1) Possible only with immersion heater or in dual-fuel operation
2) Assumptions: complete drawing-off of the standby volume at 15 l/min (return temperature of freshwater station then approx. 30 °C);
excluding solar yield; recharging of heat pump at rated output to 60 °C cylinder temperature;
unless the total standby volume is used, the reheating time will reduce accordingly

8.4.2 Dimensions and specifications for TF 27-3 freshwater station


Fresh water station Unit TF 27-3
450 Transfer rate in the design point kW 95
(primary 70 °C/23 °C, secondary
126 75 60 °C/10 °C)
Operating temperature (Tmax) °C +95
Operating pressure (pmax) bar 10
Maximum flow rate l/min 40
Minimum flow rate l/min 2
(secondary)
Flow rate (70 °C/23 °C)
– primary (70 °C/23 °C) l/min 29
– secondary (60 °C/10 °C) l/min 27
952

Weight kg 26
895

762

> 200 Power supply (mains) V/Hz 230~/50


PS11 primary pump – Wilo ST15/
7.5 PWM2
(EEI0.21)
BUS interface – EMS2
Maximum power consumption, A 0.70
91 PS11 primary pump
> 250

Maximum power consumption W 76


285 during operation, PS11 primary
6720812672-03.1 ST
pump
Power consumption at standby W <1
NL factor according to DIN 4708 – 9
Fig. 177 Dimensions of freshwater station TF 27-3 in mm (based on standby volume and
(wall mounting bracket shown in grey) boiler output)
Table 68 Specifications for TF 27-3 freshwater station

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Buffer cylinder | 163

Fresh water station Unit TF 27-3 Temperature characteristics of the freshwater station
Connections for freshwater DN 25 (Rp 1) The following curves show, with reference to the
station maximum draw-off volume that occurs, how far the
temperature inside the buffer cylinder (standby
Table 68 Specifications for TF 27-3 freshwater station reservoir) can be reduced in order to achieve the
required DHW temperature.
H [mbar]
The maximum flow rate per station is 40 l/min.
600
Example 1 ( Fig. 180 [1]): In order to achieve a DHW
500 temperature of 60 °C, a temperature of 65 °C in the
standby section is sufficient to draw off 22 l/min.
400
Example 2 ( Fig. 180 [2]): In order to achieve a DHW
300 temperature of 60 °C, a temperature of 70 °C in the
200 standby section is sufficient to draw off 27 l/min.
100

0 [°C]
15 20 25 30 35 40 45
V [l/min] 85 90
6 720 818 101-38.1T °C
80 °C
Fig. 178 Residual pressure, primary side 80
75 °C
H [mbar]
1000 75
70 °C

800 65 70
°C
600 60
65
°C
400 55
60
200 50 °C
55
0 45 °C
15 20 25 30 35 40 45
V [l/min] 50
40 °C
6 720 818 101-39.1T

Fig. 179 Pressure drop, secondary side 35


10 15 20 25 30 35 40
1 2 V [l/min]
6 720 803 823-39.3T

Fig. 180 Temperature characteristics of the


TF27-2 freshwater station

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164 | Buffer cylinder

.
VPV [l/h]
TPV [°C]
2000
65
1800
70

1600 75

80
1400
85
1200 90

1000

800

600

400

200

0
10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30
.
VZ [l/min]
6 720 811 619-23.2T

Fig. 181 Flow rate from buffer cylinder (flow) at 60 °C draw-off temperature

TPR [°C]
TPV [°C]
30

65 1
25

70 70
65
20 75

80

85
15
90

10
10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30
.
VZ [l/min]
6 720 811 619-24.2T

Fig. 182 Flow rate to buffer cylinder (return) at 60 °C draw-off temperature


Key to fig. 181 and fig. 182:
TPR Return temperature to buffer cylinder VZ Draw-off rate
TPV Flow temperature from buffer cylinder [1] DHW set temperature is not reached in this area.
VPV Flow rate from buffer cylinder

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Buffer cylinder | 165

Heat pump SAO 80-2 SAO 90-2 HT SAO 110-2 SAO 110-2 SAO 140-2 SAO 150-2 HT
combined with buffer Unit PSW 750- PSW 750-5 S PSW 750- PSW 1000- PSW 1000- PSW 1000-5 S
cylinder 5 S solar solar 5 S solar 5 S solar 5 S solar solar
Output at A-7/W55, EN 14511 kW 7.2 7.1 11 11 10.8 13.9
DHW area in cylinder I 300 300 300 445 445 445
Draw-off rate without
reheating at 45 °C draw-off l
temperature and drawing off l 240 240 240 350 350 350
at: l 220 220 220 320 320 320
– 10 l/min 200 200 200 340 340 340
– 15 l/min
–20 l/min
Peak flow rate at 45 °C draw-
off temperature and cylinder
temperature of: l/min 24 24 24 24 24 24
– 50 °C l/min 31 31 31 31 31 31
– 55 °C1) l/min 36 36 36 36 36 36
– 60 °C1) l/min 40 40 40 40 40 40
– 65 °C1)
Time for reheating the DHW min approx. approx. 104 approx. 67 approx. 99 approx. approx. 79
area in the buffer cylinder by 102 101
the heat pump2)
Maximum number of solar – 8 8 8 10 10 10
collectors
Table 69 TF 27-2 performance data with PSW ...-5 solar
1) Possible only with immersion heater or in dual-fuel operation
2) Assumptions: complete drawing-off of the standby volume at 30 l/min (return temperature of freshwater station then approx. 25 °C);
excluding solar yield; recharging of heat pump at rated output to 60 °C cylinder temperature;
unless the total standby volume is used, the reheating time will reduce accordingly

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166 | Bypass

9 Bypass
In heating systems with SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT, a bypass
can be used instead of a buffer cylinder providing all of
the following conditions are satisfied:
A B
• At least one non-mixed heating/cooling circuit exists
– With an underfloor heating surface area of >22 m2
or 4 radiators, each with 500 watt rating
– Without zone/thermostatic valves
– The room containing this heating/cooling circuit is
the reference room for the system.
– CR 10/CR/10 H remote control available in
reference room 6 720 810 933-16.2T

• The minimum flow rate is ensured by a heating circuit


with continuous through-flow with remote control (no Fig. 184 Bypass
thermostatic valves, no mixer). A Straight version
• Blocking times must not be bypassed. B U-shaped version
• The overall flow rate of the system is the same as or
less than the maximum flow rate of the SAO ...-2/ T
SAO ...-2 HT. PC1
VC1
VC2
T
A bypass integrated into the safety assembly is included
in the scope of delivery of the SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT
ACM/ACM-solar.
Bypass provided by the customer at SAO ...-2/SAO ...- 1
2 HT ACE/ACB
The bypass must be provided on site with the SAO ...-2/ 2
SAO ...-2 HT ACE/ACB variants. The following
VC3
dimensions and clearances apply in this case: 3 PC0
Dimension/clearance Value
Outer diameter D 22 mm
Length L SC1

– Straight version 200 mm


– U-shaped version 100 mm 6 720 810 933-13.2O
Maximum distance of bypass to 1.50 m
Fig. 185 Indoor unit with heating zone and bypass
indoor unit
Table 70
T
PC1
VC1
VC2
T

D 2
VC3

3 PC0

L
SC1
M
6 720 810 933-12.3T

6 720 810 933-14.2O


Fig. 183 Detailed view of bypass
Fig. 186 Indoor unit with heating circuit, DHW heating and
L Length
bypass
D Outer diameter
Key to fig. 185 and fig. 186:
[1] Bypass
[2] Flow
[3] Boiler return

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Appendix | 167

pumps with electrically driven compressors for space


10 Appendix heating and cooling - Part 3: Test procedures
• DIN-EN 14511-4
10.1 Regulations and standards Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat
Observe the latest version of the following guidelines pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
and regulations: heating and cooling - Part 4: Requirements.
• DIN VDE 0730-1 • DIN-EN 378-1
Provisions for appliances with electric drive for Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Safety and
domestic use and similar purposes, part 1: General environmental requirements – Part 1: Fundamental
Provisions requirements, classifications and selection criteria;
• DIN 4109 German version EN 378-1: 2000
Sound insulation in buildings • DIN-EN 378-2
• DIN V 4701-10 Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Safety and
Energy assessment of heating and ventilation systems environmental requirements – Part 2: Design,
- Part 10: Heating, DHW heating, Ventilation production, testing, identification and
• DIN 8900-6 documentation;
Heat pumps. Ready-to-use heating heat pumps with German versionEN 378-2: 2000
electrically driven compressor, measuring method for • DIN-EN 378-3
installed water to water, air to water and liquid to Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Safety and
water heat pumps environmental requirements – Part 3: Installation site
• DIN 8901 and personal protection;
Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Protection of German version EN 378-3: 2000
soil, ground and surface water – Safety and • DIN-EN 378-4
environmental requirements and testing Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Safety and
• DIN 8947 environmental requirements – Part 4: Operation,
Heat pumps. Ready to connect heat pump units with maintenance, repair and recovery; German version EN
electrically driven compressors for water heating – 378-4: 2000
concepts, requirements and testing • DIN-EN 1736
• DIN 8960 Refrigeration systems and heat pumps – Flexible pipe
Refrigerant. Requirements and abbreviations components, vibration absorbers and expansion
• DIN 32733 joints – Requirements, design and installation;
Safety switching devices for limiting the pressure in German version EN 1736: 2000
refrigerating plants and heat pumps – Requirements • DIN-EN 1861
and testing Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – System flow
• DIN 33830-1 diagrams and piping and instrument diagrams –
Heat pumps. Ready to connect heating absorption Layout and symbols;
heat pumps – concepts, requirements, testing, German version EN 1861: 1998
identification • Austrian Standard EN 12055
• DIN 33830-2 Liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with
Heat pumps. Ready to connect heating absorption electrically driven compressors – Cooling mode –
heat pumps – requirements for combustible gases, Definitions, testing and requirements
testing • DIN-EN 12178
• DIN 33830-3 Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Fluid level
Heat pumps. Ready to connect heating absorption indicators – Requirements, testing and identification;
heat pumps – refrigeration safety, testing German version EN 12178: 2003
• DIN 33830-4 • DIN-EN 12263
Heat pumps. Ready to connect heating absorption Refrigeration plants and heat pumps – Safety
heat pumps – performance and functional testing switching devices for limiting the pressure –
• DIN 45635-35 Requirements, testing and identification;
Measurement of noise emitted by machines. Airborne German version EN 12263: 1998
noise emission, enveloping surface method, heat • DIN-EN 12284
pump units with electrically driven compressors Refrigerating systems and heat pumps – Valves –
• DIN-EN14511-1 Requirements, testing and identification; German
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat version;
pumps with electrically driven compressors for space German version EN 12284: 2003
heating and cooling - Part 1: Terms and definitions • DIN-EN 12828
• DIN-EN 14511-2 Heating systems in buildings – Planning of DHW
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat heating systems;
pumps with electrically driven compressors for space German version EN 12828: 2003
heating and cooling - Part 2: Testing conditions • DIN-EN 12831
• DIN-EN14511-3 Heating systems in buildings – method for calculating
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat the standard heating load;
German EN 12831: 2003

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168 | Appendix

• DIN-EN 13136 • VDI 4650 Page 1


Refrigeration plants and heat pumps – Pressure-relief Calculation of heat pumps, quick method of
equipment and associated piping – Calculation calculating the seasonal expenditure factors of heat
methods; pump systems, electric heat pumps for central
German version EN 13136: 2001 heating
• DIN-EN 60335-2-40 • Law for promoting closed substance cycle waste
Safety of electrical appliances for domestic use and management and ensuring the environmentally-
for similar purposes – Part 2-40: Special requirements sound disposal of waste
for electrically operated heat pumps, air conditioning • Energy Saving Ordinance EnEV [Germany]
systems and dehumidifiers Regulation on energy saving thermal insulation and
• DIN V 4759-2 energy-saving systems engineering for buildings
Heating installations for different sources of energy; • German Renewable Energies Act – EEWärmeG
use of heat pumps including electrically operated Act on the promotion of renewable energies in the
compressors in dual-fuel heating systems heat sector
• DIN VDE 0100 • Technical rules for the Pressure Vessel Ordinance –
Installation of HV systems with rated voltages up to pressure vessels
1000 V • Regional building codes
• DIN VDE 0700 • German Federal Water Act Act regulating water
Safety of electrical appliances for domestic use and resources
similar purposes • Austria: ÖVGW directives G 1 and G 2 and regional
• DVGW Code of Practice W101-1 building regulations
Guideline for areas with drinking water protection; • Switzerland: SVGW and VKF directives, canton and
areas with groundwater protection local regulations, and part 2 of the LPG Directive
• DVGW Code of Practice W111-1
Planning, execution and interpretation of pumping
tests in water catchment
• ISO 13256-2
Liquid to air heat pumps – Testing and rating of
performance – Part 2: Water to water and liquid to
water heat pumps
• TAB
Technical connection conditions from the relevant
utility company
• TA Lärm
Technical instruction for the protection against noise
• VDI 2035 Sheet 1
Prevention of damage to DHW heating systems, scale
formation in potable water DHW heating systems
• VDI 2067 Sheet 1
Economic efficiency of building installations –
Fundamentals and cost calculation
• VDI 2067 Sheet 4
Calculating the costs of heat supply systems; DHW
supply
• VDI 2067 Page 6
Calculating the costs of heat supply systems; heat
pumps
• VDI 2081 Sheet 1 and Sheet 2
Noise generation and noise reduction in ventilation
systems
• VDI 4640 Sheet 1
Thermal use of subsoil; definitions, fundamentals,
approvals, environmental aspects
• VDI 4640 Sheet 2
Thermal use of subsoil; earth-coupled heat pump
systems
• VDI 4640 Page 3
Thermal use of subsoil; underground thermal energy
storage
• VDI 4640 Page 4
Thermal use of subsoil; direct uses

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Appendix | 169

10.2 Energy efficiency 10.3 Safety precautions


In order to meet European Union requirements, heat
10.3.1 General
sources must meet certain energy efficiency
requirements from 26 September 2015. In addition, Set-up, installation
products with a performance of up to 70 kW must be • Junkers Heat pumps must only be installed and
provided with an energy efficiency label. This product commissioned by an authorised installer.
label is attached to all affected products as standard.
Function check
• Customer recommendation: Conclude an inspection
contract for the heat pump with an authorised
contractor. The inspection should be carried out at
regular intervals in the form of a function check.
8 I II 1 Information on heating water
The quality of the heating water used must satisfy
VDI 2035. The following limit values also apply:
A++ A++ 2 Parameter Permitted value
A+
A pH value >8
B
C
Oxygen content (O2) 0.5...1 mg/l
7
D Carbon dioxide content (CO2) < 1 mg/l
E
Chloride-ion content (Cl-) < 100 mg/l
F
G Sulphate ion content (SO42-) < 100 mg/l
Table 71
In combination with floor standing boilers that have an
aluminium heat exchanger, the heating water can be
6
YZ dB
YZ kW 3 completely demineralised by mixed bed cartridges from
Junkers. During demineralisation, the pH value hovers at
around 6.5. As a result of complete demineralisation,
conductivity is at 10 μS/cm.

5 2015 811/2013
4 Please observe chapter 4.10 “Water
treatment and characteristics”.
6 720 818 052-63.1T We recommend filling the heating system
Fig. 187 Typical ErP label with fully demineralised water. Operating in
low-mineral mode minimises corrosion
[1] Device type agents.
[2] Seasonal space heating energy efficiency
[3] Rated output
10.3.2 Information on DHW cylinders for heat pumps
[4] Directive number
[5] Year Usage
[6] Sound power level The SW 290-1, SW 370-1 and SW 400-1 DHW cylinders
[7] Energy efficiency classes are to be used solely for DHW heating.
[8] Manufacturer
Heat exchanger
The products are classified based on the energy
Depending on the system, the flow temperature of heat
efficiency of the heat source. The new label on the
pumps is lower than with conventional heating systems
products also provides customers with environmental
(gas, oil). To compensate for this, the DHW cylinders are
information. The heat sources are first divided into
equipped with special large-surface heat exchangers.
various efficiency categories. We also provide the most
important product parameters in the specifications. Output losses are to be expected over time with a water
hardness of > 3 ° dH due to the formation of limescale on
The heat sources are divided into the energy classes
the surfaces of the heat exchangers.
based on the so-called central heating efficiency S.
Accordingly, the efficiency of the heat sources up to Flow limiter
70 kW are no longer shown based on seasonal To make the best use of the cylinder capacity and to
efficiency, but instead based on central heating energy prevent premature mixing of the cylinder content, we
efficiency (example: central heating efficiency up to recommend restricting the cold water inlet to the
97 % instead of seasonal efficiency up to 109 %). In the cylinder on-site to the available water quantities.
output range over 70 kW, the efficiency is shown based
on the EU Directive as a partial load efficiency.

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170 | Appendix

10.4 Required trades


A number of different trades are required to carry out
the installation of a heating system with heat pumps:
• Sizing and setup of heat pump and heating system by
the installer.
• Connection to the power grid by the electrician.
Installer
The installer acts as the general contractor to the client.
He coordinates the various trades when preparing the
heating system, assigns the work and approves the work
carried out by the trades. This means that the customer
only has one contact partner for all requests in relation
to the heating system.
The installer designs the heating system, sizes the heat
pump, heat emitters, distributors, pumps and pipework,
and installs and tests it. He brings the system into
operation and gives the customer instruction on the
functions. He also takes care of the registration of the
heat pump with the energy supplier in consultation with
the client and hands over relevant information to the
other trades.
Electrician
The electrician installs the required load and control
cables, sets up the meter mounting boards for
measurement and switching equipment, takes care of
the meter registration, establishes the electrical
connection of the entire system and hands over the data
for the electricity supplier blocking times to the installer.

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Appendix | 171

10.5 Conversion tables


10.5.1 Energy units
Unit J kWh kcal
1 J = 1 Nm = 1 Ws 1 2.778 × 10-7 2.39 × 10-4
1 kWh 3.6 × 106 1 860
1 kcal 4.187 × 103 1.163 × 10-3 1
Table 72 Conversion table, energy units
Specific thermal capacity C of water
C = 1.163 Wh/kg K
= 4187 J/kg K
= 1 kcal/kg K
10.5.2 Units of demand
Unit kJ/h W kcal/h
1 kJ/h 1 0.2778 0.239
1W 3.6 1 0.86
1 kcal/h 4.187 1.163 1
Table 73 Conversion table, units of demand

10.6 Symbols
Volume Icon Unit Volume Icon Unit
Ground M kg Enthalpy H J
Density  kg/m3 (Heating) performance; P; Q W, kW
Time t s heat flow
h Temperature T K, °C
Flow rate V m3/s Sound power LWA dB(re 1pW)
Mass flow rate m kg/s Sound pressure LPA dB(re 20Pa)
Force F D Efficiency  –
Pressure p 2
N/m , Pa, bar Coefficient of performance (COP) –
Energy; work; E; W; Q J, kWh Performance factor  –
heat (quantity) Specific thermal capacity c J/(kg·K)
Table 74 Symbols Table 74 Symbols

10.7 Energy content of various fuels


Fuel Calorific value1) Gross calorific Max. CO2 emission in relation to
value2)
Hi (Hu) Hs (Ho) Calorific value Gross calorific
value
Anthracite 8.14 kWh/kg 8.41 kWh/kg 0.350 0.339
Gas oil and kerosene (28 10.08 kWh/l 10.57 kWh/l 0.312 0.298
and 35 second oil)
Heating oil S 10.61 kWh/l 11.27 kWh/l 0.290 0.273
Natural gas L 8.87 kWh/mn3 9.76 kWh/mn3 0.200 0.182
Natural gas H 10.42 kWh/mn3 11.42 kWh/mn3 0.200 0.182
LPG (propane) 12.90 kWh/kg 14.00 kWh/kg 0.240 0.220
(ρ = 0.51 kg/l) 6.58 kWh/l 7.14 kWh/l
Table 75 Energy content of various fuels
1) The calorific value Hi (previously Hu)
The calorific value Hi (also referred to as net calorific value) is the quantity of heat released during full combustion if the water vapour
produced during combustion escapes without being used.
2) Useful heat Hs (previously Ho)
The useful heat Hs (also referred to as gross calorific value) is the quantity of heat released during complete combustion if the water
vapour produced during combustion condenses and the evaporation heat is available to use.

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10.8 Checklist

Checklist for air to water heat pumps


Send to Fax. No:
Page 1/2 Issue 07/2014

Contact partner Date

Property/building project
Name

Street/House number Post Code/Town

Phone Fax/email

Contractor
Name* Customer no.

Street/House number Post Code/Town

Phone* Fax/email*

Building data (system sizing is not possible without heat energy demand information)
Type of building
New build Existing building

Heat energy demand


according to EN 12831
Spec. heat energy demand Heated living area

Energy consumption per

annum (existing) litres fuel oil m3 gas kWh current

For refurbishment, currently installed boiler output

Construction before 1977


(spec. heat energy demand)

EnEv [Germany]
3-litre building Ultra-low energy building

Notes:

*Mandatory field must be completed


6 720 819 789-01TL

Fig. 188

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Appendix | 173

Checklist for air to water heat pumps


Send to Fax. No:
Page 2/2 Issue 07/2014

HP system
Installation location* Outdoors (monoblock SAO) Clearance from HP to building inlet (max. 30 m)
Outdoors (Split SAS...) Room height
HP design Dual fuel burner Dual fuel switchover point °C (recommendation: -5°C)

Energy supplier No from to from to


blocking times*
Yes from to from to
Additional auxiliary Electrical Oil Solar
heater*
with ACM (SAO only) with ACM solar (SAO only)
with buffer without buffer
with active cooling without active cooling

Number of (max. 4 pce.)


heating circuits*
Heating system* Underfloor heating system Radiators
Proportion Proportion
max. flow max. flow
max. return max. return

Potable water* NO DHW preparation with HP


DHW cylinder integrated into ACM (SAO only) Number of occupants
DHW cylinder opposite
Freshwater station (SAO only)

Note:

Solid fuel heat sources and solar systems for central heating backup can be integrated
only if the specifications in the planning document are observed

*Mandatory field must be completed


6 720 819 789-02TL

Fig. 189

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174 | Appendix

10.9 Declaration of Conformity

6 720 811 619-28.10

Fig. 190

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Appendix | 175

6 720 811 619-29.10

Fig. 191

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176 | Appendix

10.10 Certificate

6 720 811 619-32.1O

Fig. 192

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Glossary | 177

Glossary
Defrost management Operating voltage
Removes frost and ice from evaporators in air to water The voltage required to operate an appliance, given in
heat pumps by supplying them with heat. This is carried volts.
out automatically via the control.
Dual-fuel switchover point/Dual-fuel switchover point
Defrosting Outside temperature beyond which the second heat
If the outside temperature drops below around 5 °C, the source, e.g. immersion heater or old boiler, is switched
water contained in the air starts to settle as ice on the on in order to support the heat pump during operation
evaporator in the air to water heat pump. Thus, it is with a single energy source or in dual-fuel mode.
possible to make use of the latent heat stored in the
COP (Coefficient of Performance)
water. Air to water heat pumps which also operate at
temperatures below approx. +10 °C require a defrosting See coefficient of performance
device. Junkers heat pumps have a defrost management D-A-CH quality seal
function. The international heat pump quality seal is awarded only
Starting current to manufacturers who are members of the German
The peak current required when the appliance starts up. Federal Heat Pump Association (BWP) and the heat
pump associations in Austria and Switzerland. The
The starting current does not need to be considered by appliances must satisfy very high quality standards in
the existing inverter activation. order to receive the quality seal. The testing is carried
Performance factor out by impartial test centres. Only heat pumps that are
The performance factor indicates the ratio of heat manufactured in series are tested. The manufacturer
produced to the amount of electrical energy supplied. If must reapply for the quality seal after three years.
the performance factor is considered over the period of Sizing
a year, this is referred to as a seasonal performance Exact sizing is especially important in the case of heat
factor (JAZ). The performance factor and the output of a pump systems. If the appliance is too large, the system
heat pump depend on the temperature differential costs are often disproportionately high. Energy-efficient
between heat use and heat source. The higher the operation of the heat pump system and rational use of
temperature of the heat source and the lower the flow energy can only be ensured if it is correctly sized and its
temperature, the higher the performance factor and, mode of operation is in harmony with the demand.
therefore, the heat output. The higher the performance
factor, the lower the primary energy usage. Electrical connection
In Germany, the power consumption of a heat pump
Baking out the screed
system is invoiced according to the heat pump tariff for
One of the many benefits of the Junkers HMC 300 heat supply of energy from the low-voltage network. The
pump manager is a screed bake out program with basis for this is the Federal Tariff Order On Electricity
adjustable times and temperatures. (BTOElt). The electrical connection must be registered
Outdoor installation with the relevant energy supplier. Connection work may
Installing air to water heat pumps outdoors has the only be carried out by an authorised heating contractor.
advantage of making more room inside the house. Air VDE 0100 must be strictly observed, in addition to the
ducts and large openings in the walls are not required regulations of the relevant energy supplier. Heat pumps
and, because the air can flow freely, there is hardly any with a connected load (rated output) of more than
chance of supply air mixing with extract air. The 1.4 kW require a three-phase AC connection. The
appliances are also more easily accessible. appliance must be permanently connected. The heat
pump requires a separate meter. The number of
External wall sensor switching operations must be limited to a maximum of
This is connected to the heat pump controller and is three an hour (requirement of TAB (Office of Technology
used for weather-compensated heating mode. Assessment at the German Bundestag)). The blocking
times of the energy supplier must be taken into account
Automatic rotational direction detection
when sizing the heat pump.
The HMC 300 heat pump manager by Junkers is
equipped with automatic rotational direction detection Electric booster heater
for the compressor. In addition to the heat pump, a second heat source
exists which supports the heating of the building when
A/V ratio
the outside temperatures fall below a certain level. This
This is the ratio of the total outer surface of a
can be an immersion heater or, where the heating
building(corresponds to its enveloping surface) to the
system has been refurbished, the old boiler.
volume that is heated. This measurement is important
when calculating the energy demand of the building. The
smaller the A/V ratio (compact building structure), the
lower the energy demand for the same volume.

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178 | Glossary

Immersion heater and wall and underfloor heating systems in particular,


The SAO ...-2/SAO ...-2 HT E version comes with the can operate well with low flow and return temperatures.
immersion heater already installed in the indoor unit of They are especially well-suited to heat pump systems,
the heat pump. During operation with a single energy which have a maximum flow temperature of 55 °C.
source, the heater rod assists the heat pump on the few
Heating power
exceptionally cold days of the year. The heat pump
Low cost special tariffs (heating power) are available
controls ensure that the immersion heater is not in
from many energy suppliers for electric heat pump
operation for any longer than is necessary. The purpose
heating systems.
of the immersion heater which is used in conjunction
with DHW heating is to reheat the water for hygiene Heat load
reasons at specific intervals to above 60 °C. This is the heat demand required in addition to the heat
Expansion valve gains (solar and internal heat gains) so that a building
can be kept at a desired room temperature.
Component of the heat pump between the condenser
and the evaporator which reduces the condensing HE pumps
pressure to the evaporating pressure that corresponds HE pumps can be connected without external relays to
to the evaporating temperature. The expansion valve the HMC 300 heat pump manager.
also controls the amount of refrigerant injected, Maximum load at relay output of the pump PC1:
depending on the load on the evaporator. 2 A, cos  > 0.4. An intermediate relay must be installed
Panel heating with higher loads.
This refers to pipework laid under the screed Seasonal performance factor
(underfloor heating) or wall plaster (wall panel heating), The seasonal performance factor (JAZ) of the heat pump
through which the heating water heated by the heat states the ratio of the heating energy produced to the
appliance flows. electrical energy supplied over the annual period. The
Underfloor heating system seasonal performance factor relates to a specific
system, taking into account the size of the heating
DHW underfloor heating systems are the ideal heat
system (temperature level and differential) and must not
distribution systems for heat pump systems, because
be confused with the coefficient of performance. An
they are operated at low, energy-saving temperatures.
average temperature increase of one degree
The whole floor serves as a large heating surface. This
downgrades the seasonal performance factor by 2 to
means that these systems can manage with lower
2,5 %. It also increases the energy consumption by 2 to
heating water temperatures (around 30 °C). As the heat
2,5 %.
is distributed evenly from the floor across the whole
room, a room heated to 20 °C feels as warm as a room Seasonal expenditure factor
heated to 22 °C using a conventional system. This is the inverse of the seasonal performance factor.
Building heat load Cooling capacity
This refers to the maximum heat load of a building. It can This describes the heat flow which is removed by the
be calculated according to DIN-EN 12831. The standard evaporator in a heat pump.
heat load is calculated from the transmission heat
demand (heat loss via the enveloping surfaces) and the Compressor
ventilation heat demand for heating up the entering Component of the heat pump used to mechanically
outdoor air. This value is used to size the heating system convey and compress gases. Compression significantly
and to calculate the annual energy demand. increases the pressure and temperature of the working
fluid and refrigerant. The compressor of the SAO ...-2/
Base-load output SAO ...-2 HT is modulating and therefore adapts to the
This is the proportion of the energy output demand heat energy demand of the house.
which is determined by considering daytime and
seasonal changes with only slight fluctuations. Condensation temperature
Temperature at which the refrigerant condenses from a
Heating circuit gaseous state to a liquid state
The components of a heating system (radiator, mixing
valve, flow and return) which are hydraulically Condensate pan
connected to one another and are responsible for This collects the water that condenses in the evaporator.
distributing heat. Power consumption
Heating output This refers to the amount of electrical energy consumed
The heat output of a heat pump depends on the inlet by the appliance. It is measured in kilowatts.
temperature of the heat source (brine/water/air) and COP (coefficient of performance)
the flow temperature in the heat distribution system. It
The coefficient of performance is an instantaneous
describes the available heat output produced by the
value. It is measured under standardised laboratory
heat pump.
conditions according to European standard EN 14511.
Heating system The coefficient of performance is a test-facility value
In new buildings, low temperature systems can be used measured without auxiliary drives. The COP is obtained
as heat distribution systems. Ceiling heating systems, by dividing the output by the power drawn by the

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Glossary | 179

compressor. The coefficient of performance is always > Sound pressure level


1, because the output is always greater than the power Measured in the unit dB(A). Physical measured quantity
drawn by the compressor. A coefficient of performance of volume which depends on the distance from the
of 4 means that 4 times the amount of electrical output source of the sound.
used is produced as available heat output.
Sound power level
Manometer This physical measured quantity of volume is measured
It shows the positive pressure in bar. in the unit dB(A), and depends on the distance from the
source of the sound.
Low temperature systems
Low temperature systems, especially underfloor, wall Secondary circuit
and ceiling heating systems are particularly well-suited Refers to the water circuit between the buffer cylinder
to operation with a heat pump system. and consumer.
Efficiency Serial interface
This is the quotient of the work/heat used and the work/ Separate connection to the EDP (e.g. for remote control,
heat expended for this purpose. central control and instrumentation (ZLT))
Compression Safety valves
Used in conjunction with radial fans to indicate the “Air Safety valves protect pressure systems such as
pressure (Pa)”. compressors, pressure vessels, pipework etc. from
being destroyed by impermissibly high pressure levels.
Buffer cylinder
Cylinder for buffering of heating water in order to Blocking times
guarantee the minimum operating time of the The energy supplier is authorised in accordance with the
compressor. A minimum operating time of 10 minutes Federal Tariff Order On Electricity (BTOElt) to interrupt
must be ensured for air to water heat pumps in de-icing the operation of the heat pump continuously for up to 2
mode. Buffer cylinders increase the average operating hours, but for now longer than 6 hours in total within any
times of heat pumps and reduce cycling (frequent 24-hour period. The operating time between two
switching off and on). Immersion heaters are sometimes interruptions must not be less than the preceding
used in the buffer cylinder with systems operating with downtime period in each case. The blocking times must
a single energy source. be taken into account when sizing the heat pumps.
The buffer cylinder can be omitted when using SAO ...-2/ Dew point
SAO ...-2 HT heat pumps. A bypass between the flow and
Temperature at 100 % air humidity. If the dew point is
return is however required in this case. Certain
undercut, water vapour precipitates as defrost water
conditions must be met depending on the heating
(condensate) in or on components.
distribution system. Refer to the installation instructions
for more information. Temperature difference
Temperature differential between the inlet and outlet
Radial fan
temperature of a heat transfer medium on the heat
This delivers the air at an angle of 90 ° to the drive shaft
pump, i.e. the difference between the flow and return
of the motor.
temperatures.
Return temperature
Thermostatic valve
Temperature of the heating water which flows back from
By restricting the heating water flow to a greater or
the radiators to the heat pump.
lesser extent, the thermostatic valve adjusts the heat
Scroll compressor transfer of a radiator according to the heat demand of
Scroll compressors are quiet and reliable and most the room in question. Deviations from the desired room
commonly used in small and medium-sized systems. The temperature can be caused by heat gains from external
"scroll" of this compressor is a worm gear which sources such as lighting or solar exposure. If the room
compresses gases, e.g. refrigerant or air. The scroll temperature increases beyond the desired value due to
compressor consists of two intermeshing helical gears. solar exposure, the thermostatic valve will automatically
One circular helical gear moves in a stationary spiral. The reduce the flow rate. On the other hand, if the
helical gears are in contact during this movement. This temperature falls below the desired value, e.g. after
produces chambers of ever-decreasing size within the ventilation, the valve will open automatically. This means
windings. The refrigerant to be compressed enters these that more heating water can flow through the radiator
chambers and travels to the centre. It then exits from and the room temperature will return to the desired
here out the sides. value.

Sound insulation Transmission heat losses


This encompasses all measures which help to reduce the Heat losses caused by the dispersal of heat from heated
sound pressure level of the heat pump, e.g. sound- rooms to the outside environment through walls,
insulating casing lining, encapsulation of the window, etc.
compressors, etc. Junkers heat pumps use specially Reversing valve
developed sound insulation and are therefore among the
In order to defrost the evaporator in the heat pump, the
quietest appliances on the market.
refrigerant flow direction is changed by the reversing

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180 | Glossary

valve. This means that the evaporator becomes the Heat source system
condenser during the defrosting process. A heat source system is a mechanism which extracts
heat from a heat source (e.g. geothermal probes) and
Evaporating temperature
when transporting a heat transfer medium between the
This is the temperature of the refrigerant when it enters
heat source and the cold side of the heat pump,
the evaporator.
including all auxiliary equipment. In the case of air to
Evaporator water heat pumps, the complete heat source system is
Heat exchanger in a heat pump, in which heat is integrated in the appliance. In a single-family home, for
extracted from the heat source (air, earth, groundwater) example, the system might consist of the pipework used
by evaporating a working fluid at a low temperature and to distribute heat, the convectors or the underfloor
pressure. heating system.

Compressor Heat transfer medium


Component in a heat pump used to mechanically convey A liquid or gaseous medium used to transport heat. This
and compress gases. Compression significantly might be air or water, for example.
increases the pressure and temperature of the working DHW heating
fluid or refrigerant.
DHW heating with heating heat pump; if the house is
Condenser heated using a heat pump, this can also heat the DHW by
Heat exchanger in the heat pump, in which heat is means of a DHW priority function in the control system.
trasnferred to the consumer by condensing a working This means that DHW heating has priority over central
fluid. heating, i.e. if DHW is being heated, the heat pump will
not be used for central heating. However, this will not
Fully hermetic significantly affect the room temperature. DHW heating
Refers to the compressor, and signifies that it is using DHW heat pump. Special heat pump water heaters
completely closed and hermetically sealed. This means exist that extract heat from the ambient air to heat the
that it cannot be repaired if defective and must be potable water. The waste heat from other appliances,
replaced. e.g. freezer, can be used. One advantage of the heat
Volume flow pump water heater is that it dehumidifies and cools the
ambient air which makes cellars drier and cooler. The
Water quantity, given in m3/h; used to determine the
energy consumption of these appliances is very low.
output of the appliances, or describes the minimum
requirements for the heat pump mode of operation. DHW heater
Heat energy demand Junkers offers a range of appliances for heating water.
The different appliances are designed to suit the
This is the quantity of heat required to maintain a
different output stages of the various heat pumps. The
specified room or water temperature.
cylinders with expanded foam insulation have a capacity
Heat demand (central heating):
of 184 litres to 500 litres.
Amount needed to heat rooms etc., determined
according to EN 12831. Efficiency
Heat demand (DHW): This refers to the ratio between the energy recovered
Amount of energy or power required to heat a specified during energy conversion and the energy used. The
amount of potable water for showers, baths, use in the useful efficiency is always less than 1 in practice,
kitchen, etc. because there will always be some form of loss, e.g.
Heat pump controller waste heat.
This allows the required temperatures and times for
heating and DHW heating to be achieved with very low
operating costs. The heat pump controller has a large
backlit LCD display for visualisation of the heat pump
parameters, time-controlled reduction and increasing of
heating curves, time program for DHW heating via the
heat pump according to requirements including the
option of selective reheating using an electrical heater
rod. Easy to use input menus with integrated diagnostics
make operation and adjustments easier.
HPC 400 heat pump manager
The HPC 400 heat pump manager controls the entire
heat pump system, the DHW heating and the heating
system. An extensive range of diagnosis modules allows
the system to be displayed in simplified form via a
graphic display or diagnostic interface with connected
PC. It has a full graphic display.

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Index | 181

Index

Symbols Heat pump management


................................................................................. 136 See HMC 300
Heat pump operating modes
A Dual-fuel operating mode .......................... 57–58, 63
App function............................................................. 129 Single energy source operating mode ................... 57
Appliance overview Single heat source operating mode ....................... 57
Heat pump ............................................................. 78 Heating circuit module
Heat pump compact unit ....................................... 97 See MM100 mixer module
See MM200 mixer module
B HMC20 ..................................................................... 127
Basic room controller RC100
See user interface RC100 I
Buffer cylinders P50/120/5/200/5/300/5/500/750 W Indoor installation
Equipment overview............................................. 153 Base ....................................................................... 71
Buffer cylinders PNRZ 750/1000/5 EW Installation location ............................................... 71
Dimension ............................................ 159–160, 162
Specifications ...................................... 159–160, 162 L
Building heat load ...................................................... 53 Logatherm WPL6/8/11/14 AR heat pump
Electrical connection ........................................... 106
C Output curves ............................................ 86, 88, 93
Coefficient of performance (COP) ............................. 10
Compressor.................................................................. 8 M
Condensate ................................................................ 68 Mixer module MM100 .............................................. 131
Condenser.................................................................... 8 Mixer module MM200 .............................................. 133
Connections ............................................................... 90
COP (coefficient of performance).............................. 10 O
Cylinder sizing in apartment buildings ..................... 146 Online applications ...................................................... 6
Demand factor ..................................................... 146 Outdoor installation
Cylinder sizing in single-family homes...................... 146 Air discharge and air intake side ........................... 65
DHW circulation pipe ........................................... 145 Base ....................................................................... 65
Cylinders connected in series .................................. 136 Installation location ............................................... 65
Sound .................................................................... 65
D
DHW heating ............................................................ 145 P
Dimension .................................................................. 90 Performance factor .................................................... 11
Dimensions and connections Product data for energy consumption
Heat pump ............................................................. 79 SAO ...-2................................................................. 85
Heat pump compact unit ....................................... 98 SAO ...-2 HT ........................................................... 92
SMH400.5E, SMH500.5E ..................................... 152
E Programming unit RC100
Efficiency.................................................................... 10 Properties ............................................................ 130
Evaporator.................................................................... 8 PV function .............................................................. 128
Expansion valve ............................................................ 8
Expansion vessel ........................................................ 64 Q
Expenditure factor ..................................................... 11 Quality.......................................................................... 6
Expenditure factor for heat generation ...................... 11
R
F Refrigerant inspection obligation............................... 75
Function modules (control) Required trades ....................................................... 170
Mixer module ............................................... 131, 133
SM100 solar module ............................................ 136 S
SM200 solar module ............................................ 139 Safety precautions ................................................... 169
Scope of delivery
H Heat pump ............................................................. 77
Heat Insulation ........................................................... 63 Heat pump compact unit ....................................... 95
Heat pump SAO ...-2 HT heat pump ......................................... 89
Indoor installation.................................................. 71 Seasonal performance factor..................................... 11
Operating principle .............................................. 8–9 Seasonal performance factor calculator ...................... 6
Outdoor installation ............................................... 65 SM100 solar module ................................................ 136
Sizing ..................................................................... 57 SM200 solar module ........................................ 136, 139
SM50 solar module .................................................. 136

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182 | Index

Smart grid function .................................................. 128


Solar module ............................................................ 136
Sound ......................................................................... 65
Sound insulation .............................................. 71–73
Sound level calculator .................................................. 6
Specifications ............................................................. 91
Heat pump.............................................................. 83
Heat pump compact unit...................................... 102
Subsidies ...................................................................... 6
System examples........................................................ 12

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Notes

SupraEco A SAO-2 HT 6 720 819 789 (2016/04)


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Subject to technical modifications.


6 720 819 789 (2016/04)