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# BALANCING CHEMICAL EQUATIONS

Algebraic Method
____ 𝐹𝑒𝐶𝑙3 + ____ 𝑁𝑎𝑂𝐻 → ____ 𝐹𝑒(𝑂𝐻)3 + ____ 𝑁𝑎𝐶𝑙
First step, group each compound by the variable they belong.
____ 𝐹𝑒𝐶𝑙3 + ____ 𝑁𝑎𝑂𝐻 → ____ 𝐹𝑒(𝑂𝐻)3 + ____ 𝑁𝑎𝐶𝑙
a b c d

Second step, use stoichiometry, compare each element from the REACTANT side to the PRODUCTS side.
Note: The number of atoms vary on each the compounds

____ 𝐹𝑒𝐶𝑙3 + ____ 𝑁𝑎𝑂𝐻 → ____ 𝐹𝑒(𝑂𝐻)3 + ____ 𝑁𝑎𝐶𝑙
a b c d

Fe- a = c equation (1)

Na- b = d equation (2)

Cl – 3a = d equation (3)

O- b = 3c equation (4)

H- b = 3c equation (5)

Third step, list down all the variables used to group each compound and assign 1 on any of the variable, for this
case, it could be a, b, c or d. but with the equations formulated above it’s (a) has the more easier equation than
any other variable
a=1
b=
c=
d=
Fourth step, substitute the value of (a) to equation (1). To get the remaining values for each of the variable we
must substitute each variable’s value we got from solving.

Using equation (1) With the results, we can conclude that:
a=c
c=1 a=1

Using equation (3) b=3

3a = d c= 1
d = 3 (1)
d=3 d= 3

Using equation (2)

b=d
b=3

SO, THE FINAL EQUATION IS: 𝟏 𝐹𝑒𝐶𝑙3 + 𝟑 𝑁𝑎𝑂𝐻 → 𝟏 𝐹𝑒(𝑂𝐻)3 + 𝟑 𝑁𝑎𝐶𝑙

CHECKING 𝟏

𝐹𝑒𝐶𝑙3 + 𝟑 𝑁𝑎𝑂𝐻 → 𝟏 𝐹𝑒(𝑂𝐻)3 + 𝟑 𝑁𝑎𝐶𝑙

Fe- 1 Fe- 1
Cl- 3 Cl- 3
Na- 3 Na- 3
O- 3 O- 3
H- 3 H- 3

PHYSICAL SCIENCE – GRADE 11 MODULE (ACLC DAVAO) Prepared by:
Joshua O. Dingding

11 mol of O2 44.99 g = 31.34 mol of C3 H8 is fully consumed is 1.98 g O2 RATIOS OF REACTANTS.98 g 1 mol of C3H8 = 44.11 mol while the required O2 if 0.7 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O 5 mole of O2 Reaction not possible because the given O2 is 0.99 g 1 mol of H2O = 18. 1 C3H8 : 5 O2 or 5 O2 : 1 C3H8 C3H8 + 5 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O 1 C3 H8 5 O2 5 O2 1 C3 H8 Letting C3H8 as the LIMITING REACTANT: (Use the ratios shown on the previous page that would cancel out C3 H8 and leave out O2) 0.01 g O = 15.10 g C3 H8 31. determine the limiting reactant and excess reactant C3H8 : O2 : 1 mol of C3 H8 1 mol of O2 14.44 g of.01 g a.44 g Using the Periodic Table of Elements Atomic Masses of each element: C = 12. Balance the equation.01 g H = 8 x 1.8 g of C3H8 and 3. list all the given values from the problem above. PHYSICAL SCIENCE – GRADE 11 MODULE (ACLC DAVAO) Prepared by: Joshua O.DETERMINING THE LIMITING REACTANT AND EXCESS REACTANT Given the following reaction: C3H8 + O2 → CO2 + H2 O a) If you start with 14.08 g O = 2 x 15.02 g 1 mol of O2 = 31.03 g CO2 .8 g C3H8 x = 0.98 g H2 O .44 g of O2.) If you start with 14.34 mol of C3 H8 3.34 C3H8 + 1.99 g = 15. C = 1 x 12.99 g = 31.8 g of C3H8 and 3. determine the limiting reactant and excess reactant b) Determine the number of moles of CO2 produced c) Determine the number of grams of H2O produced d) Determine the number of grams of excess reagent left First step.01 g = 12. C3H8 = 14.99 g O2 . C3H8 + 5 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O Second step. Dingding . C3H8 .01 g H = 1.10 g 1 mol of CO2 = 43.01 g = 36.8g O2 = 3. get the molecular mass of each compound from the chemical equation.O = 2 x 15.7 mol of O2.99 g Third step.98 g O = 1 x 15.44 g O2 x = 0.34 mole of C3 H8 x = 1.01 g = 2. H = 2 x 1. C = 3 x 12.7 mole of O2 → 1 mole of C3 H8 0.01 g = 8.

Then take its ratio from the balanced chemical equation.58 g of H2O 5 O2 1 H2 O d.066 mol of CO2 5 O2 c.22 mole of C3H8 → 5 moles of O2 C3H8 is 0. ∴ LIMITING REACTANT IS: O2 EXCESS REACTANT IS: C3H8 b.97 g of C3H8 REQUIRED 5 moles of O2 1 mole of C3H8 3.97 g = 2.47 g EXCESS (LEFTOVER) PHYSICAL SCIENCE – GRADE 11 MODULE (ACLC DAVAO) Prepared by: Joshua O.11 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O 1 mole of C3H8 Reaction is possible because the given 0. Then take its ratio from the balanced chemical equation.) Determine the number of grams of H2O produced Use the number of moles of the LIMITING REACTANT which is 0.22 mol of C3H8. C3 H 8 + 5 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O 4 H2O 18. Dingding .11 O2.10 g of C3H8 0.11 mole of O2 x = 0.11 mole of O2 x x = 0.11O2 x x = 1.) Determine the number of grams of excess reagent left 1 mole of C3H8 44. Same with CO2 take its ratio.44 g – 0. C3 H 8 + 5 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O 3 CO2 0.34 mol while the required C3H8 if 0.11 O2.11O2 x = 0.Letting O2 as the LIMITING REACTANT: (Use the ratios shown on the previous page that would cancel out O2 and leave out C3H8) C3H8 + 0. Same with H2O take its ratio and after that multiply the molar mass ratio of H2O to convert result to grams.) Determine the number of moles of CO2 produced Use the number of moles of the LIMITING REACTANT which is 0.11 mol of O2 is fully consumed is 0.01 g H2O 0.