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Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com).

BOOK REVIEWS

process control, theory and application, is generalized for the SISO systems. Chapter 2

Jean-Pierre Corriou, Springer, London, U.K., introduces the concept of the linear feedback

2004, xx + 752 pp, ISBN 1-85233-776-1 control. A brief discussion of the general hard-

ware components in a typical PID feedback

The contents of the book Process Control, Theory control loop is discussed. The eﬀect of the various

and Application written by Professor Jean-Pierre modes of a PID controller on the closed loop

Corriou of Ecole Nationale Superieur des Industries performance for ﬁrst- and second-order systems is

Chimiques Nancy, France truly reﬂects its title. The demonstrated. Stability analysis is expanded in

book covers all the relevant topics in the control Chapter 3 both in the s-domain and in the in the

theory and contains a wide range of application time domain. The direct method of Lyapunov is

topics. The book is organized in 6 parts. Parts I, II, introduced. Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-locus

III and some sections of Parts IV and V are diagram and a brief description of the stability in

appropriate for an undergraduate course in che-

the frequency domain are discussed. Chapter 4

mical process control. The rest of the book deals

deals with the detail design criteria of the PID

with the topics suitable for a rich graduate course

controllers, internal model controllers, pole place-

in control theory. The book covers all the concepts

ment, and linear quadratic control. A pH control

of process control necessary for academicians and

system is discussed in detail as an example. The

industrial practitioners. The concepts are clearly

frequency analysis, ﬁrst introduced in Chapter 3,

described to the extent necessary for easy compre-

is expanded in Chapter 5 and the Bode and

hension and implementation of the topics. The

Nyquist stability criteria are used as guidelines to

book is replete with a host of very relevant and

useful examples. The entire simulation examples design SISO feedback control systems. Some

are carried out in MATLAB. The only addition frequently occurring dynamic behaviours in che-

that would make the book ideal as an under- mical processes such as dead time and inverse

graduate and graduate textbook is a set of response are discussed in Chapter 6 and the

problems at the end of each chapter. methods to compensate for them are described.

Part I of the book introduces the basic concepts Alternative control algorithms such as cascade

in the chemical process modelling and control. control, selective control, split-range control and

Chapter 1 deals with the single-input single- feedforward control and its realizability are also

output (SISO) systems and the dynamic modelling discussed in this chapter. Chapter 7 introduces the

of such processes from a control engineer’s concepts of observability and controllability in the

viewpoint. First principle approach is used to state space domain.

develop models for typical chemical processes in Part II of the book deals with the multivariable

the state space domain. The chemical processes control and multi-input multi-output (MIMO)

considered are lumped-parameter processes, systems. Initially modelling of MIMO systems

staged processes, and distributed parameter sys- using the transfer function matrix is introduced

tems. The concepts of the degrees of freedom and and then Gershgorian circles, Niederlinski

stability are discussed. Reduction of the models to index, singular value decomposition and relative

linearized models and their transformation into gain array are used for the analysis and design

the Laplace domain are clearly demonstrated. The of the decouplers for the control of such systems.

transfer function model is introduced next with an The concept of robustness of multivariable

explanation of the eﬀect and signiﬁcance of systems is concisely and elegantly covered in the

system poles and zeros. The response of linear frequency domain and applied to a distillation

ﬁrst- and second-order systems is discussed in column. The discrete internal model control

detail and the concept of the state space modelling (IMC) is presented for multivariable systems.

Received

Copyright # 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Revised

636 BOOK REVIEWS

Part III of the book is concerned with the multiple reference and partial reference model is

discrete-time process identiﬁcation techniques. A discussed and applied to a chemical reactor. The

detail account of the Fourier transform in contin- concept of model predictive control (MPC),

uous and discrete modes is presented. The concept widely accepted in the chemical industry, and its

of sampling and the choice of the sampling period, predecessors the dynamic matrix control (DMC),

and ﬁltering are introduced. The discretization of the quadratic dynamic matrix control (QDMC) in

continuous models to discrete models using the the state space domain are covered in Chapter 16.

z-transform is covered. Preliminary properties of Nonlinear QDMC is introduced. The detail

the z-transform and inverse z-transform are dis- description of a ﬂuid catalytic cracking process

cussed. Non-parametric and parametric identiﬁca- is presented and its model predictive control

tion principles are discussed in Chapter 10. Both simulation is elegantly discussed.

one-step and p-step prediction methodologies are Part V deals with the concept of nonlinear

introduced. Time series analysis of autoregressive control. Initially the nonlinear geometric control

moving average exogeneous (ARMAX) systems is is discussed and the concepts of the relative

discussed in Chapter 11. Parameter estimation in degree, zero dynamics and some notions of

the state space domain is introduced and the diﬀerential geometry are discussed. The principles

discrete Kalman ﬁlter is introduced. Linearization of feedback linearization, input–output lineariza-

of nonlinear models in the context of linear tion, and globally linearizing control are de-

parameter estimation theory is discussed and the scribed. The concepts are discussed in the

least squares method, weighted least squares context of both the monovariable and multi-

method, the maximum likelihood method, and variable systems. In Chapter 18, the concept of

the instrumental variable method are discussed. state observers is described. The principal com-

Recursive parameter estimation techniques includ- ponent analysis and the partial least squares are

ing the least squares, the generalized least squares, discussed. The various types of observers such as

the maximum likelihood, and the instrumental Luenberger, extended Kalman ﬁlter, globally

variable methods are derived in Chapter 12. The linearizing and high-gain observers are described.

robustness and validation of each technique is Part VI applies the concepts introduced in the

clearly demonstrated and a couple of examples are book to a selection of well-chosen chemical pro-

included to illustrate the highlights of each cesses with a wide variety of dynamic behaviours.

technique. This set of case studies is truly a very useful asset

Part IV of the book deals with the discrete-time for both the academicians and practicing control

control. The discrete SISO pole-placement engineers in industry. The nonlinear control of a

controller is described and its relation with the chemical reactor with state estimation and of a

state feedback controller is elucidated in Chapter biological reactor is discussed in Chapter 19. The

13. Digital PID and IMC are described and the dynamic modelling of a distillation column is

concept of adaptive controllers is introduced. presented in Chapter 20. Various control algo-

Chapter 14 deals with the optimal control. The rithms including a SISO feedback controller, a

variational method is ﬁrst introduced. Weierstrass dual decoupling controller, the model predictive

and Hamilton–Jacobi conditions are described control and the nonlinear control are applied for

and the maximum principle of Pontryagin is the control of a distillation column. And ﬁnally in

introduced. Several examples are used to illustrate Chapter 21, the dynamic models of a series of

the application of the optimal control concepts chemical processes used as benchmark examples

and the numerical issues are discussed. The in the process control literature are presented.

dynamic programming is described and the linear

quadratic control is revisited. At the close of this SOHRAB ROHANI

chapter the discrete version of the linear quadratic Chair of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering,

control is presented. Chapter 15 presents an The University of Western Ontario,

exquisite treatment of the generalized predictive London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B9

control (GPC), considers an illustrative example

E-mail: Rohani@eng.uwo.ca

and explores the relationship between the GPC

and the pole placement control. The GPC with (DOI: 10.1002/rnc.1006)

Copyright # 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control 2005; 15:635–643

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