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ANCHORBOLT(318-08)

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Program Description:

"Anchor Bolt(318-08).xls" is a MS-Excel spreadsheet workbook for the analysis of anchor bolt anchorage per

ACI 318-08, Appendix D. The spreadsheet is designed to find the embedment strength of a determined anchor

bolt or bolts within certain concrete parameters. Tables and figures have been given adjacent to the required

data cells in an attempt to self contain the calculations within the worksheet. The spreadsheet is protected

but with no password required.

2. Strength Design of Anchorage to Concrete by Ronald A. Cook

Doc This documentation sheet

Anchorage Embedment Strength per ACI 318-08 Appendix D (ver.1.4)

Tension Reinf. Anchor Reinforcement per ACI 318-08 Section D.5.2.9 (ver.1.1)

Shear Reinf. Anchor Reinforcement per ACI 318-08 Section D.6.2.9 (ver.1.0)

REVISIONS

Anchorage: REVISION 1.5 - Revised "Anchorage" worksheet from reviewing comments.

Tension Reinf.: REVISION 1.1 - (1/19/2015). Revised minimum embed length to reflect hook length.

1. This spreadsheet program is intended to analyze and design the embedment of various anchors.

Shear and tension strength is calculated per Appendix D of ACI 318.

2. This program assumes that the anchor strength is not governed by ductile yielding of the anchored steel

which would cause significant redistribution of anchor forces and that the attachment that distributes the

loads to the anchors is sufficiently stiff.

3. The required strength is calculated from the applicable load combinations in Section 9.2.

4. This spreadsheet, as well as the provisions of Appendix D, do not apply to the design of anchors in hinge

zones of concrete structures under seismic loads.

5. Post-installed anchors shall be verified for suitability for use in concrete demonstrated by the ACI 355.2

prequalification tests when installed for use in regions of moderate or high seismic risk, or for structrures

assigned to intermediate or high seismic performance or design catefories.

6. If a ACI 355.2 product evaluation report is used, this program does not account for alternative factors and needs

to be calculated by user.

7. In TENSION REINF. spreadsheet, the edge distance is not in the program's parameters. User must be mindful

that the maximum distance between the anchor and anchor reinforcement must be less than or equal to 0.5 x hef

AND (ED - bc). The latter is not restricted and must be checked by the user.

8. In TENSION REINF. spreadsheet, if the edge distance is less than 1.5 x hef, containment steel such as stirrups

must be used.

9. This program contains numerous “comment boxes” which contain a wide variety of information including

explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a “comment box”

is denoted by a “red triangle” in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the

desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

Program Theory and Operation: The top left of the spreadsheet screen allows for input of required

information in lightly yellow highlighted boxes. Information required includes the following:

Anchorage Spreadsheet:

Input:

1. Loads:

a. Nua (Ultimate Factored Tensile Load) in kips

b. Vua (Ultimate Factored Shear Load) in kips

2. f Factor Conditions :

a. Steel Element

b. Reinforcement Surfaces

c. Anchor Type

d. Installment Category (Post-installed Anchor only)

e. Cracking from service loads

f. Anchor location

g. Concrete Type

3. Specific Tension and Shear Strength Variables: Each section contains the necessary input variables and

attempts to be self contained.

Output:

1. Steel strength of anchor in tension: (SEC D.5.1)

Nsa = nAse,Vfuta

Ncb = Anc Yed,NYc,NYcp,NNb Single Anchor

Anco

Anco

Npn = Yc,PNp

Np = Abrg8f'c The pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud or bolt

Np = 0.9f'cehda The pullout strength in tension of a single hooked bolt

Nsb = 160ca1Abrg1/2f'c1/2 Single Anchor

Nsbg = (1 + s/6ca1)Nsb Hooked Anchor

Vsa = nAse,Vfuta For cast-in headed stud anchors

Vsa = 0.6nAse,Vfuta For cast-in headed bolt & hooked bolt anchors

Vsa = 0.6nAse,Vfuta For post-installed anchors

Vcb = Avc Yed,VYc,VYh,VVb Single Anchor

Avco

Avco

7. Concrete Pryout strength of anchor in shear: (SEC D.6.3)

Vcp = kcpNcb Single Anchor

if Vua < 0.2fVn fNn > NUA

if Nua < 0.2fNn fVn > VUA

if Nua > 0.2fNn & Vua > 0.2fVn NUA + VUA <

ΦNn ΦVn

TENSION REINF. Spreadsheet:

Input:

1. Req'd Anchor Reinf. Strength, N: The required anchor reinforcement strength must be equal or larger than

the anchor bolt steel strength, ΦNsa, if anchor design includes earthquake forces for structures assigned

with Seismic Design Category is C,D,E, or F. (ACI Section D3.3)

2. Number of Vert. Reinf., Nr: Number of vertical steel reinforcement bars to resist vertical forces.

3. Estimated Embedment, hef: User's current embedment design of anchor bolts (w/o tension breakout strength

per ACI 318-08 Section D.5.2)

4. Anchor Reinforcement Size: Size of steel rebar from #3 to #14.

5. Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy: in units of ksi

6. Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c: in units of ksi

7. Lightweight Concrete: If the concrete is lightweight, then "Yes".

8. Epoxy Coated Bars: If bars are epoxy coated, then "Yes".

9. Ratio: As(required)/As(provided): Per Section 12.2.5, the development length may be shortened if the ratio is less

than one. (N/A for Chapter 21 design)

10. Seismic Design per Chapter 21: If anchors are located in structure assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D,

E, or F. (Sect. D3.3), then "Yes".

11. Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs: The minimum center-to-center bar spacing between parallel bars in a layer

MUST BE >= 2*db and >= 1". For walls and slabs, maximum center-to-center bar spacing MUST BE <=

3*wall or slab thickness and <= 18".

12. Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc: Minimum clear cover per Section 7.7.

13. Bolt-Reinf. Distance, d: The bolt-reinforcement distance should be the less than or equal to the maximum

(edge distance - bc) and 0.5hef.

Output:

1. Required Development Length, Ld:

Ld = ((fy*1000)/(f'c*1000)^(1/2)*yt*ye/(l*20))*db*As/As(prov) (Section 12.2.2)

hef,min = Ld+bc+0.7*d

hef,prov = per embedment entered (See input #3)

3. Required Anchor Reinforcement Size:

As,min = N/(0.75*fy) (Section D.5.2.9)

As,prov = per size and number entered (See input #2 & 4)

SHEAR REINF. Spreadsheet:

Input:

1. Req'd Anchor Reinf. Strength, V: The required anchor reinforcement strength must be equal or larger than the

anchor bolt steel strength,ΦVsa, if anchor design includes earthquake forces for structures assigned with

Seismic Design Category is C,D,E, or F. (ACI Section D3.3)

2. Anchor Reinforcement Size: Size of steel rebar from #3 to #14.

3. Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy: in units of ksi

4. Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c: in units of ksi

5. Lightweight Concrete: Enter whether the concrete is lightweight or normal weight concrete.

6. Lightweight Concrete: If the concrete is lightweight, then "Yes".

7. Epoxy Coated Bars: If bars are epoxy coated, then "Yes".

development length, then "Yes" (Section 12.2.4(a))

8. Ratio: As(required)/As(provided): Per Section 12.2.5, the development length may be shortened if the ratio is less

than one. (N/A for Chapter 21 design)

9. Seismic Design per Chapter 21: If anchors are located in structure assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D,

E, or F. (Sect. D3.3), then "Yes".

10. Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs: The minimum center-to-center bar spacing between parallel bars in a layer

MUST BE >= 2*db and >= 1". For walls and slabs, maximum center-to-center bar spacing MUST BE <=

3*wall or slab thickness and <= 18".

11. Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc: Minimum clear cover per Section 7.7.

Output:

1. Required Development Length, Ld:

Ld = ((fy*1000)/(f'c*1000)^(1/2)*yt*ye/(l*20))*db*As/As(prov) (Section 12.2.2)

As,min = V/(0.75*fy) (Section D.5.2.9)

As,prov = per size and number entered (See input #2 & 4)

1.2

or larger than

es assigned

eakout strength

gn Category C, D,

MUST BE <=

he maximum

ction 12.2.2)

ection 21.7.5)

or larger than the

ssigned with

n Category C, D,

MUST BE <=

ction 12.2.2)

ection 21.7.5)

ACI318-08 APPENDIX D - ANCHORING TO CONCRETE

FOR

XYZ Baseplate

Loads: (Per Applicable Loads Combinations in Sect. 9.2; load applications that are

Nua = 34 k Ultimate Factored Tensile Load (kips)

Vua = 18 k Ultimate Factored Shear Load (kips)

f Factor Conditions:

proportioned to tie prism into the structural member?

Headed Bolt Anchor Type NOTE: Hooks bolts are typically not a good design practice.

indicates no cracking at service load levels? (YES = No Cracking Anticipated)

Yes Anchors are located in structure assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E, or F. (Sect. D3.3)

User must verify that anchors are designed to meet D3.3.4 or satisfy D3.3.5 or D3.3.6

Normalweight Concrete Type

Ase, N = 1.23 in 2

Effective Cross Sectional Area of Anchor

futa = 58 ksi Specified Tensile strength of anchor steel

fy = 36 ksi Specified Yield strength of anchor steel

fNs = 160.52 k > Nu = 34.00 k

3 Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in tension: (SEC D.5.2)

Ncb = Anc Yed,NYc,NYcp,NNb Single Anchor (D-4)

Anco

Anco

Anc = 1267.5 in2 Projected concrete failure area of anchor or group of anchors. See RD.6.2.1(b)

hef = 12 in Effective anchor embedment depth

ca,min = 11.5 in The smallest edge distance

ca,max = 200 in The largest edge distance

f'c= 4000 psi

e'N = 0 in Eccentricity of Normal Force on a group of anchor. See Figure RD.5.2.4

Edges = 1 Number of Edges surrounding anchor or group of anchors. See Figure RD.5.2.4 Commentary

cac = 12 in Critical edge distance required to develop the basic concrete breakout strength of a post

installed anchor in uncracked concrete w/o supplementary reinforcement to control splitting.

Anco = 9hef2 Projected area of the failure surface of a single anchor remote from edges for ca,min

of 1.5hef or greater

Yec,N = 1 <1 Modification factor for eccentrically loaded anchor groups

2e'N

( 1+ )

3hef

Yed,N = 1 if Cmin > 1.5hef Modification factor for edge effects

= 0.7 + 0.3 cmin if Cmin < 1.5hef Modification factor for edge effects

1.5 hef

Yc,N = 1.25 for Cast-in anchors in uncracked section

Ycp,N = 1.00 for Post-installed anchors in uncracked section w/o supplemental reinforcement

Nb = kclf'c1/2hef3/2 Basic concrete breakout strength

k = 24 for cast-in anchor

Nb = 16lf'c h 1/2

ef

5/3 Alternative concrete breakout strength for 11in < hef < 25in.

Yec,N = 1.00

Yed,N = 0.89

Yc,N = 1.25

Ycp,N = 1.00

Nb = 63.70 k

Ncb g = 69.44 k

fNcb = 39.06 k > Nu = 34.00 k

4 Pullout strength of anchor in tension: (SEC D.5.3)

Abrg = 2.24 in2 See Table 1.

eh= 3.0 in Distance from the inner surface of the shaft to the outer tip of the bolt. 3da<eh<4.5da

da= 1.0 in Outside diameter of anchor or shaft diameter

Np = Abrg8f'c The pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud or bolt (D-15)

NOTE: Hooks bolts not preferred due to the oil used in bending hook which neglects friction.

Yc,P = 1.40 f = 0.75

Np = 100.35 Assume that the force is shared evenly w/ other bolts, if multiple anchors.

fNp g = 56.45 k > Nu = 8.50 k

Single Anchor: (SEC D.5.4)

Ca2 = 6 in Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in direction

orthogonal to C = Ca1 See Commentary Figure 1.

Nsb = 37.86 k

fNsb = 21.30 k < Nu = 34.00 k

Multiple Anchors:

Nsbg = (1 + s/6ca1)Nsb (D-18)

fNsbg = 38.34 k > Nu = 34.00 k

6 Steel strength of anchor in shear: (SEC D.6.1)

Vsa = 0.6nAse,Vfuta For cast-in headed bolt & hooked bolt anchors (D-20)

Vsa = 0.6nAse,Vfuta For post-installed anchors (D-20)

Ase,V= 1.23 in^2 Effective cross-sectional area of expansion or undercut anchor sleeve,

if sleeve is within shear plane.

fVsa = 83.47 k > Vu = 18.00 k

Avco

Avco

Avc = 498 in2 Projected concrete failure area on an anchor or group of anchors. See Figure 4 Commentary

Ca1* = 11.5 in Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in one direction.See Commentary

e'v = 0 in Eccentricity of shear force on a group of anchors. See Figure 5 Commentary

le = 12 in Load bearing length of anchor for shear. See Table 2 Commentary.

da = 1.5 in Outside diameter of anchor or shaft diameter of headed stud, headed bolt, or hooked bolt.

ha = 12 in Thickness of member in which an anchor is anchored, parallel to anchor axis.

Enter Case: Case 2 Case 1: No supplementary reinforcement or edge reinforcement smaller than a No. 4 bar.

Case 2: Supplementary reinforcement of a No. 4 bar or greater between the anchor and the edge.

Case 3: Supplementary reinforcement of a No. 4 bar or greater betwwen the anchor and the edge,

and with the supplementary reinforcement enclosed withing stirrups spaced at not more than 4 in.

Continued

7

2e'v

( 1+ )

3c1

Yed,V = 1.0 if Ca2 > 1.5Ca1 Modification factor for edge effects

= 0.7 + 0.3 ca2 if Ca2 < 1.5Ca1 Modification factor for edge effects

1.5 ca1

Yed,V = 0.85

Yc,V = 1.40

Yh,V = 1.20 Yh,V = (1.5ca1 / ha) ^ 0.5 (where ha < 1.5ca1)

Avco = 288.00 in2

Vb = 18.60 k

Vcb g = 45.88 k

fVcb g = 25.81 k > Vu = 18.00 k

Kcp = 2 for hef > 2.5

Vcp g = 138.88 k

fVcp g = 78.12 k > Vua = 18.00 k

if Nua > 0.2fNn & Vua > 0.2fVn NUA VUA

+ < 1.2

ΦNn ΦVn

Version 1.5

KETCHES

Cracking Anticipated)

C, D, E, or F. (Sect. D3.3)

fy D3.3.5 or D3.3.6

OK

RD.5.2.4 Commentary

strength of a post

nt to control splitting.

m edges for ca,min

OK

olt. 3da<eh<4.5da

(D-15)

(D-16)

ok which neglects friction.

OK

(SEC D.5.4)

ection

N/A

OK

eve,

OK

Figure 4 Commentary

ction.See Commentary

aced at not more than 4 in.

OK

OK

N/A

N/A

NG

TENSION ANCHOR REINFORCEMENT

Per Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-08)

Design of Anchor Reinforcement in place of Concrete Breakout Strength

Job Name: Subject: xyz baseplate Date: 5/16/2018 3:30

Job Number: Originator: Checker:

Input Data:

Req'd Anchor Reinf. Strength, N = 35 kips

Number of Vert. Reinf., Nr = 4

Estimated Embedment, hef = 14 in.

Anchor Reinforcement Size = 4 (dia. = 0.5'')

Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 60 ksi

Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 4.0 ksi

Lightweight Concrete? No

Epoxy Coated Bars? No bs

Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) = 0.74

Seismic Design per Chapter 21? No d

Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs = 12.00 in.

Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc = 2.00 in.

Bolt-Reinf. Distance, d = 6.00 in.

DESIGN SATISFACTORY

Results: b

c

Development Length (Section 12.2 or 21.7.5):

Ld = 17.6 in.

Ldh = 7.0 in.

hef,min = 13.22 in. hef,min = Ldh+bc+0.7*d

hef,prov = 14.0 in.

d

Anchor Reinforcement Strength(Section D.5.2.9):

As,min = 0.78 in2 As,min = N/(0.75*fy)

As,prov = 0.79 in 2

Note: In situations where the edge distance, from centerline of bolts to edge of concrete, is less than 1.5 times

the embedment depth, it is recommended that containment steel, such as stirrups, be used.

Comments:

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/387340487.xlsx 24 of 26

SHEAR ANCHOR REINFORCEMENT

Per Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-08)

Design of Hairpin Anchor Reinforcement in place of Concrete Breakout Strength

Job Name: Subject: Date: 5/16/2018 3:30

Job Number: Originator: Checker:

Input Data:

Req'd Anchor Reinf. Strength, V = 9.5 kips

Anchor Reinforcement Size = 3 (dia. = 0.375'')

Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 60 ksi

Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 4.0 ksi

Lightweight Concrete? No

Epoxy Coated Bars? No

Top Bar? Yes

Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) = 0.80

Seismic Design per Chapter 21? No

Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs = 12.00 in.

Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc = 2.00 in.

DESIGN SATISFACTORY

Results:

Ld = 18.50 in.

As,min = 0.21 in2 As,min = V/(0.75*fy)

As,prov = 0.22 in2

Comments:

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/387340487.xlsx 25 of 26

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/387340487.xlsx 26 of 26

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