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Safety

Management
India
March 2018
sm.britsafe.org

Fall arrest
Falling from height is one of the
biggest causes of deaths at work.
Can a new inquiry make a difference?
— 22, 24, 26, 28

News Feature Feature Feature


Indian companies win British Safety Council View from the top: Mates in Mind: talking
Sword of Honour for publishes literature Thameslink’s director sessions are saving
safety excellence review on future risk on leadership lives in construction
—04 —12 —16 —30
60th International
Safety Awards
Gala Dinner

Friday 27 April 2018


Grosvenor House Hotel The British Safety Council's
Park Lane, London Gala Dinner is an excellent
opportunity to celebrate
The health and safety event of the year our organisation’s success
Book your tickets now and join the best in health and safety. It is a
and brightest of our industry. brilliant night and is a great
way of rewarding the team for
A great opportunity to network with over a year’s worth of hard work
800 people from the industry. Whether Sara Williams
you are looking for a team celebration, an Assistant OEF Engineer
Magnox Ltd
opportunity to entertain clients or just a
great night out in London this is the most
prestigious event in the industry calendar.

Book now at www.britsafe.in/galadinner


Individual and group tickets available.

2017 winners include:


Larsen and Toubro Limited
Honeywell Technology Solutions
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
Cairn India Limited
Jindal Steel & Power Limited

Media partner:

Safety
Management
The British Safety Council magazine

MAE176
Contents

Viewpoint Indian businesses win prestigious British Safety Council partners with
Sword of Honour awards – 4 UAE Ministry of Education – 8
3 People and profit

News

6 Tata Steel UK fined £1.4m –


inspector interview
7  E x chief coroner leads event on
what happens after a fatality
10 Mental health training rolled out
by British Safety Council Simon Blanchflower, director at Network Rail’s Thameslink, shares
12 British Safety Council publishes lessons on leadership and thriving under pressure – 16
literature review on future risk

Opinion

14  Louise Ward: designing a


better future
15  Simon Oliff: fighting stress

Features

22 Fall protection made easier


24 Dust in construction: the need
for fitted PPE
26 The right steps: new standard
for ladders
28 Together against falls
30 Mental health in construction:
the conversation has begun

Regulars Pedicabs in London: a ricketey ride One step at a time: SMEs


– 34 environmental management – 37
41 Events
4 4 Products and services
46 Questions and answers
4 8 Info update

Editor Iris Cepero


E iris.cepero@britsafe.org
Deputy editor Thomas Tevlin
E tom.tevlin@britsafe.org
Photograph: iStock/Roger Utting Photography Photograph: iStock/Monkey Business Images
News & features Belinda Liversedge
E belinda.liversedge@britsafe.org

Graphics & design Dean Papadopoullos


E publications@britsafe.org
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2 Safety Management March 2018


Viewpoint

People and profit

The collapse of the construction With Carillion though, there is indicator of an organisation’s health.
and services giant Carillion something more than financial worries People must be at the heart of any
was extensively covered in the to be considered. There is the sense business model; and the better people
news at the start of the year. For of betrayal that will undoubtedly arise think and feel about their workplace, the
most commentators, Carillion’s from the discovery that the company more likely it is that the business will be
liquidation was about how a you thought you worked for, is not successful. Investing in people’s welfare
superficially successful company what it seems. It is one thing to work is something that the British Safety
could accrue such large debts for a company that honestly ‘fails’ to Council has always believed. It’s very
or dwelt on the politics of how survive in a competitive and tough disappointing that not everyone seems
the government kept awarding market. It is another to believe that to get the message.
Carillion contracts to deliver your company might have brought —
public services when it had destruction upon itself. Mike Robinson FCA
already issued a profit warning. To commentators, some of Carillion’s Chief executive
problems are not that surprising, with British Safety Council
If the impact on workers was ongoing questions about blacklisting
considered at all, it was linked to practices, the quality of employee
Carillion’s failure to maintain its relations or how it treated its suppliers Follow the British Safety
pension schemes, though again this and contractors. To many workers Council on Twitter:
was framed more in terms of political though, it will be a shock. @britsafe
consequence than concern for the There are still nearly 20,000 Carillion
workers directly affected. Yet the most workers whose fate is uncertain, as well
immediate impact of the collapse will as the many contractors who rely on
be on the thousands of workers who them. The Official Receiver has still not
might lose their jobs, those suppliers set a date for an auction of Carillion’s
and contractors who rely on Carillion assets, and the process to transfer
for work – including those connected to contracts could take months. Given that
schools, hospital and prisons – and who evidence shows that the fear of losing
will all now be fearing for the future as your job is more damaging to your
pensions are threatened. health than the event itself, it is hard to
Of course, financial worries imagine how difficult this must be for all
are not isolated to this case. The concerned. But even if Carillion is lost,
Chartered Institute of Personnel and it must now do the right thing by its
Development’s (CIPD) survey Financial workers to ease their fears.
Well-being: The employee view (2017) Part of the liquidation process must
found that 19% of respondents are include supporting workers to assess
losing sleep at night because they are vulnerabilities and provide support. Its
worried about money; more are making leadership team must step up to ensure
uninformed financial decisions, and that workers don’t feel driven to self-
even more face barriers to managing destructive behaviour in order to ‘prove’
their finances, including lack of time themselves to be ‘good’ employees
and difficulty in understanding financial and save their job. If there has been a
products and services. breakdown in trust, leaders must
Top of the CIPD’s suggestion is for redouble their efforts to repair it.
employers to spend time in assessing With worrying ripples
the financial needs of their workforce. extending to other companies
Those who are picking up the pieces of that have grown in tandem with
Carillion should look at factors that can the growth of public contracts,
impact on these needs, including the we can see again that the
age of the workers, their salaries, their quality of these employee
employment status, whether they have relationships – and crucially
children or financial obligations. The people’s safety, health
worse thing will be to simply walk away. and wellbeing – is a strong

March 2018 Safety Management 3


— header
Page
News
India

The top news from the health,


safety and environmental British Safety Council (India):
management sector. britsafe.in

A number of the winning Indian businesses were presented with their Sword of Honour awards at a ceremony at Drapers’ Hall in the City of London.

Indian companies win Mike Robinson, chief executive of


the British Safety Council, said: “On

prestigious British Safety behalf of the trustees and staff of


the British Safety Council, I would

Council Sword of Honour


like to congratulate the winning
Indian businesses and their staff for

awards for excellent health


their commitment to keeping their
workplaces and workers safe
and healthy.
and safety management “The Sword of Honour is a prestigious
award, recognising excellence in the
A number of Indian businesses have adjudication panel a proven track management of health and safety
won the British Safety Council’s record of excellence and a culture of risks, and can only be attained through
prestigious Sword of Honour award best practice for managing risks to sustained effort and a commitment to
workers’ health and safety, that runs continuous improvement at every level
for exemplary management of risks
throughout the business – from the of an organisation.
to workers’ health and safety.
shopfloor to the boardroom. “The winning Indian businesses are
The 12 winning Indian companies
exemplars of best practice in health
were among just 57 organisations from
and safety and all have inspirational
around the world that were awarded a
stories to tell about their journey
Sword of Honour in 2017. Now in their
The winning Indian businesses towards achieving these accolades.
38th consecutive year, the Sword of
are exemplars of best practice “The more we can do to promote
Honour awards recognise and celebrate
in health and safety these awards and learn from the
commitment to excellent health and winners, the more we can do to protect
safety management standards by workers everywhere and achieve our
businesses around the globe. vision that no-one should be injured or
The winning Indian business sites The winning Indian business sites made ill at work.”
had achieved the maximum five are listed opposite. Many of the Alongside the Sword of Honour, the
stars in the British Safety Council’s winners were formally presented with British Safety Council runs the annual
independent Five Star Occupational their Sword of Honour award at a Globe of Honour awards to recognise
Health and Safety audit in the period 1 presentation ceremony held at Drapers’ and celebrate exemplary management
August 2016 – 31 July 2017. They had Hall in the City of London in England in of environmental risks by businesses
also demonstrated to an independent November 2017 (see pictures right). around the world.

4 Safety Management March 2018


Newsheader
Page India

The Globe of Honour awards are open


to business sites that achieve the Indian winners of Larsen & Toubro Limited,
maximum five star rating in the British Construction Division, Buildings &
Safety Council’s independent Five Star the 2017 Sword of Factories IC, Commercial Buildings
Environmental Audit. To be awarded Honour awards & Airports SBG (North)
a Globe of Honour, an organisation
Asian Paints Limited Larsen & Toubro Limited,
must also be able to demonstrate to an
independent adjudication panel that they Embassy Manyata Business Construction Division, Buildings
have a proven track record of excellence Park Bangalore & Factories IC, Wipro IT SEZ
in environmental management that Embassy TechVillage Bangalore Project, Bengaluru
runs throughout the business. Embassy TechZone Pune Mumbai International Airport
Lanco Anpara Power Limited Pvt Ltd
For more information on the Lanco Amarkantak Power Ltd Reliance Industries Ltd – MCT
Sword of Honour and Globe of Larsen & Toubro Limited, Haldia Terminal
Honour awards go to: Vedanta Limited (Unit – Sterlite
Construction Division, Buildings &
britsafe.in
Factories IC, Commercial Buildings Copper), Vedanta Limited (Unit –
T +91 99301 35626
& Airports SBG (East) Thermal Power Division)
E customer.service@britsafe.in

Asian Paints Limited. Embassy Manyata Business Park Bangalore. Embassy TechVillage Bangalore.

Embassy TechZone Pune. Lanco won two Sword of Honour awards. Larsen & Toubro Limited won three Sword of
Honour awards.

Mumbai International Airport Pvt Ltd. Reliance Industries Ltd – MCT Haldia Terminal. Vedanta Limited (Unit – Sterlite Copper),
Vedanta Limited (Unit – Thermal Power Division).

Join the debate Council member business in India? Would you like
to be featured in Safety Management India? Please
What are the important occupational health and safety
contact us:
and environmental management issues facing India?
Please send us your opinions and letters. E publications@britsafe.org
Are you an HSE practitioner or a British Safety @britsafe

March 2018 Safety Management 5


News
Page header

Thomas Standerline (right) was crushed to death in the ‘collector cage’ of the crane (main picture). Photographs: HSE and victim’s family

Tata Steel ignored warning the crane. Had they told them they would
have stopped operating it,” she said.

signs that led to crane crush “The gate at the bottom of the ladder
to the collector cage was also open,”
she said, meaning it did not provide an
Repeat offender Tata Steel UK has moving up and down – collecting slabs effective barrier to access.
been fined £1.4m for the death of a and doing work. Judge Jeremy Richardson QC added
26-year-old maintenance electrician, “When Mr Standerline climbed into in his sentencing remarks that there
who was fatally crushed after an the cage there was only a 10cm gap had been two previous incidents in
overhead crane trapped him in the between the top of the cage he was in the Slab Yard in 2008 and 2010. “They
cage he was working in. and the bottom of the cage above. The should, taken together, have alerted the
Kingston-upon-Hull Crown Court basket only came up to his waist when company to serious safety deficiencies
heard how Thomas Standerline, an he stood up. So the top crane ran over in that location.”
employee with Tata Steel, had been him and it crushed him.” Specialist inspectors had also visited
working at the company’s Scunthorpe The judgment read to court shows only months before the incident and
plant in the Slab Yard on the day of the that Tata’s chief failure was in not told Tata there was a need for effective
incident on 23 April 2010. isolating the overhead (No 1) crane. isolation and a better Permit to Work
Two cranes in the yard were used to system, but their advice was ignored.
transport large items of hot metal for Judge Richardson recalled Tata’s
cooling. The cranes ran off electrical poor safety record including its £1.5m
conductor rails, known as ‘bus bars’, The bottom crane was isolated, fine in 2017 for guarding injuries
and it was Mr Standerline’s job to but the top crane was still and called it ‘shameful’: “The list of
check and repair them. moving up and down previous convictions is not one of
Kirsty Storer, the principal HSE which any company, still less this
inspector on the case, told Safety defendant company, should be proud.
Management: “The collector cage It is shameful. I believe the defendant
on both cranes were there to allow Storer explained that the crane drivers company now appreciates it is shameful
maintenance people to go up and worked for contractor company Harsco for it to have conducted itself as it did.”
inspect the shoes (collectors) that go Metals Group. Tata Steel UK Limited of Millbank,
onto the electrical bus bars and check But Tata was in charge of the crane London, pleaded guilty to breaching
their condition.” maintenance work and therefore “had section 2 and section 3 of the Health and
Mr Standerline climbed into the sole responsibility” for the incident. Safety at Work Act 1974 and was fined
cage to check the power supply for the “They failed to implement their £1.4 million with costs of £140,000.
bottom ‘semi goliath’ crane. procedures,” she said. Harsco Metals Group, operator of the
“The bottom crane was isolated, but “Tata didn’t liaise with the drivers to crane that killed Thomas, was acquitted
the top crane was still operating and tell them they needed to stop operating of safety offences at trial in 2017.

6 Safety Management March 2018


News

From left to right: Kate Maynard, Andrew Katzen, both partners at Hickman & Rose, Sir Peter Thornton QC, ex chief coroner, and Louise Ward,
director of policy, standards and communications at the British Safety Council.

Investigating a workplace Philip White, head of operational


strategy at HSE, explained how HSE

fatality event held in London would be involved at the scene.


Police will lead the initial stages of
investigation to consider if there’s
“Deaths in the workplace: Coroners’ may sometimes seem like it.” enough evidence for a manslaughter
and police investigations”, a seminar Louise Ward, director of policy, charge. “When it’s decided that
was jointly presented by the British standards and communications at the gross negligence is not involved, the
Safety Council and solicitors British Safety Council gave advice for matter will be passed on to HSE,” he
Hickman & Rose last month. handling the crisis at the scene. She said. However, HSE will always work
The event, held on February 8, said we can learn from the emergency alongside the police from the start, as
looked at how the pieces of the puzzle services: “They say the best thing to evidence might be used by either party.
fit following a workplace fatality, do is to drill – have a really simple set He added that as an ex inspector, he
examining the role of coroner, police of requirements and to rehearse those often helped to advise the police on the
and HSE as well as how to prepare repeatedly.” A plan should set out a investigation strategy especially if the
for a crisis. The scenario given was a core command structure and roles and police officer had no experience of a
member of the public killed by a tipper responsibilities for key people. workplace fatality.
truck in a road site. Kate Maynard, partner at Hickman
Sir Peter Thornton QC, chief coroner & Rose, discussed civil claims that
from 2012 to 2016, emphasised the the family of the bereaved may bring
importance of the inquest. He said it is An inquest is not a criminal against an employer. “A claim can
for the family to be given answers as court, although for witnesses it be very expensive if there is a large
to cause of death and not to apportion may sometimes seem like it.” dependency claim,” she said.
blame. “It is a record kept for all time,” The event concluded with sobering
he said, and the chance to learn lessons: words from Sir Peter before delegates
“If it came out in evidence that the descended to drinks: “The family of
tipper driver had not got sufficient Andrew Katzen, partner at Hickman & the deceased will be very keen to find
training, the coroner could write to the Rose, said police will be first on site, someone at fault, if not someone, then
[training provider] company, copying gathering evidence and questioning. even better, an organisation. They will
in HSE. Saving lives in the future is an “Witnesses will be asked to read, feel strongly and rightly so – their loved
important part of this process,” he said. agree and sign statements.” However, one has been taken away from them
However, he also gave advice people are often in a state of shock and it’s very important for coroners, for
for witnesses or representatives of and not therefore equipped to deal investigators and lawyers to understand
organisations attending inquests. “If with this. “The site controller you the strength of that feeling.
you have given a witness statement at have appointed can legitimately ask “It’s not all about the money,
the scene make sure you read it again if people being questioned are in a fit sometimes the money is about a symbol
and take it with you,” he said. “Keep state and if not, tell the police of those of recognition, but often not more than
calm and steady, take your time, don’t concerns and ask if an account can that. It’s about finding answers which
answer questions at length. This is not a be given shortly afterwards, ie, the lead to blaming somebody else. That is
criminal court, although for witnesses it following day,” he advised. something we should all recognise.”

March 2018 Safety Management 7


News
Page header

expertise, which we share internationally.


“We hope that by working closely with
the Ministry of Education and other
academic bodies in the United Arab
Emirates, we will play an important role
in helping future generations gain an
understanding of the benefits of the
effective management of health, safety
and environmental risks for society
and businesses.”
H.E. Eng. Abdul Rahman Al Hammadi,
Undersecretary for Inspection & Support
Services at the Ministry of Education,
United Arab Emirates, said: “We are
pleased to strengthen and develop
The Ministry of Education of the United Arab Emirates and the British Safety Council have signed
a Memorandum of Understanding as part of plans to update the UAE’s national curriculum. further our existing relationship
with the British Safety Council, who
is an important strategic partner in
UAE partners with British our efforts to achieve excellence in
education, training, capacity building

Safety Council to update and professional development of our


staff and students in the field of health,

national safety curriculum safety and environmental management.


“The Memorandum of Understanding
is a foundation for our future plans
British The British Safety Council curriculum incorporating updated HSE to develop tailored qualifications for
Safety
Council has signed a Memorandum information. the education sector that meet our
News
of Understanding with the Mike Robinson, chief executive of needs and our expectations. We would
Ministry of Education of the United the British Safety Council, said: “We are also wish to ensure that the EHS
Arab Emirates, which is planning delighted to enter into partnership with Directorate of the Ministry of Education
to update the national curriculum, the United Arab Emirates’ Ministry of participates successfully in the British
including health, safety and Education to help it update the UAE’s Safety Council’s annual Five Star
environmental (HSE) management national curriculum and incorporate the Occupational Health and Safety audit
information. latest health, safety and environmental and international awards.
Signed in early February, the management knowledge and “We also look forward to working
partnership will see the British Safety international best practice information. together with the British Safety
Council sharing its health and safety “This relationship is an expression Council on developing joint seminars,
expertise and working closely with of the United Arab Emirates Ministry of conferences and campaigns to raise
educational bodies in the United Arab Education’s confidence in our health, awareness of the importance of health
Emirates, who will deliver the new national safety and environmental management and safety culture.”

Think tank takes they earn enough to maintain a decent captured the public’s imagination in
standard of living, with a third of the recent years. People who find work on
new stance on workforce considering themselves to be platforms often struggle to make ends
insecure work ‘just about managing’. meet as they go from job to job, with
43 per cent do not have anyone in no sick pay and no entitlement to the
Economic insecurity is not confined
to gig workers, but is a problem their household who they could depend national living wage.
‘across the labour market’, a new on to support them financially in the “But our new research reveals that
think tank set up to explore trends in event of hardship. economic insecurity now stretches
work has argued. Around 28 per cent of workers feel
right throughout our labour market.
The Future Work Centre, part of the less secure in their jobs than they did
“From retail workers to warehouse
Royal Society for the encouragement five years ago.
operatives, and from care workers to
of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, The findings were published in the
cleaners, we are beginning to uncover
which is headed up by Matthew Taylor, report Striving, Thriving or Just About
the hidden millions who are chronically
made the statement after its survey of Surviving, the first from the centre,
broke year in, year out”, he added.
2,000 workers revealed widespread which was launched on 25 January.
problems of economic insecurity. Brhmie Balaram, the report’s author
Its key findings included that more and senior researcher at the RSA, Future Work Centre’s report at:
than a quarter of workers do not feel said: “The gig economy has rightly t inyurl.com/y9xxwyhs

8 Safety Management March 2018


News

New trustees previously worked for Goldman Sachs.


He managed the website development
John Pearce
Appointed as trustee

to help for Friends of the Earth, which provides


an adequate snapshot as to what
in October 2008. John
has a B.Sc. (Hons.)

develop
‘Friends of the Earth’ is all about. in Computer Science
from the University of London and an
Matthew Speight

direction
MBA from the Open University. He has
Matthew currently
over 16 years’ experience working in
works as a support
IT, particularly in technology strategy
centre retail director
and innovation. He currently works
British The British Safety Council with Co-op Retail. He
Safety as an enterprise architect focusing on
Council has appointed four new manages the retail risks and health
News business/IT alignment. He has worked
members of the Board and safety for food, as well as for
for a variety of companies including
of Trustees, who, together with operational and legislative changes.
telecoms, equipment suppliers, oil/gas
the new chair Lawrence Waterman, He is people-oriented and passionate
exploration and financial information
will provide strategic direction about workers’ wellbeing.
providers. He is also deputy chair of
to achieve the British Safety Council’s
Continuing trustees the East London Advanced Technology
vision that no one should be injured
Training charity (ELATT).
or made ill at work. Lawrence started Ronke Adeagbo
his new role in November 2017, while Appointed as a trustee Adrian Wild
the four new members joined in in October 2013. Appointed as a trustee
January 2018. Ronke is a chartered in November 2013.
We also take the opportunity to accountant with Adrian has broad
publish the entire team of trustees, over 20 years’ experience and is a knowledge of both
including those who will bring fellow of the Association of Chartered service and manufacturing sectors. He
continuity to the work. Certified Accountants (ACCA). has a special interest in management
Ronke was formerly finance director systems, leading him to work with
Ian Crook
at YMCA London and director of the British Standards Institution for
Ian is a chartered
corporate services at Crossways, with several years. Since 2003 he chose to
management
responsibilities for finance, facilities focus his career on the application of
accountant by
management, health and safety, HR, workable health and safety processes.
profession and has
ICT and administration. She is currently After a period within the Highways
held director positions in various
financial controller at Public and Agency Traffic Officer service, he
companies for the last 15 years. He
Commercial Services Union. joined a national epilepsy charity and
has extensive experience in the field
provided health and safety advice for
of financial planning as well as being Paul Cottam their operations within a large rural
commercially focused, with experience Appointed as a trustee campus in Surrey. In 2014 he started
in areas of IT and business performance in March 2009. Paul is his own consultancy practice working
improvement. Being a Trustee for a a registered chartered predominantly with the education
local childcare charity, he understands engineer, with over and care sectors. He is particularly
the duties and responsibilities that the 20 years’ experience in the technical interested in health and safety training
trustee position requires.
support services sector. Recent roles and spends much of his time working
Samantha Peters include UK and Ireland managing with young people who have just
Samantha is an director of a leading energy and technical started their working careers.
experienced executive, facilities management organisation,
Philip White
working primarily having previously held various senior
Appointed as a trustee
in the field of health director positions in the technical and
in August 2017. Philip
and wellbeing, and more recently as energy support services sector.
has over 30 years’
chief executive of the General Optical
Mark Hardy experience working in
Council, the UK wide regulator for
Appointed as a trustee a regulatory environment. He originally
optical professionals and businesses.
in August 2012. joined the Health and Safety Executive
She is currently on sabbatical, doing
Mark qualified as a (HSE) as a factory inspector. He spent
a PhD on altruism at Bath University.
solicitor in 1976 and a period working in the Department
Samantha has a strong track record in
spent 16 years in private practice in for Work and Pensions to head up the
organisational development and change
Jersey and London, before moving Health and Safety Sponsorship Team,
within the public and voluntary sector.
into the pharmaceutical industry. advising government ministers on
Simon Phillips In his role as company secretary of health and safety at work policy and the
Simon has recently the pharmaceutical company UCB work of the HSE. More recently he was
been promoted as chief Celltech, Mark has dealt with insurance HSE’s chief inspector of construction
technology officer at matters and is a trustee of several before taking up his current role as head
Friends of the Earth and benefit pension schemes. of HSE’s Operational Strategy Division.

March 2018 Safety Management 9


News
Page header

Improving worker
health and wellbeing
brings business
benefits, Mike
Robinson tells Middle
East conference
British There is a strong business
Safety
Council case for effectively managing
News
risks to workers’ health and
wellbeing, the British Safety Council’s
chief executive Mike Robinson
told delegates at the recent Global
HSE International Conference and
Exhibition in Kuwait.
Delivering a keynote address on day
two of the conference, Mike Robinson
Photograph: iStock/Tom Merton said: “While the business case for
managing safety is well documented

Mental health training


and understood, the case for managing
health and wellbeing is just as

portfolio rolled out by British


compelling, but the progress is not as
strong. Health conditions are much more
difficult to define and manage. That’s
Safety Council why businesses need to adopt a holistic
approach to promoting wellbeing and
the resilience of their staff.
British The British Safety Council designed to give managers the skills
Safety “Progress in relation to health and
Council has completed the roll-out and confidence to listen to and talk
News wellbeing can only be made when
of its mental health training with someone who needs to share a
organisations move beyond the need
portfolio with the launch of two problem regarding their mental health.
to comply with regulations and inspire
courses for managers and mental The third stage is the newly employees to engage in wellbeing –
health ‘first aiders’. available two-day Mental Health First this will benefit them personally as well
The mental health training Aid course, which teaches people as their companies.”
programme is designed to help how to identify, understand and help He added: “Organisations will only be
everyone at work start talking about someone who may be experiencing sustainable if they look after their people
mental health and support colleagues a mental health issue. Developed by and help them look after themselves.
and others who may be experiencing
Mental Health First Aid England, the Let’s use what we’ve learnt over the years
mental ill health. The courses are
course aims to provide students with from managing safety and apply it to
also designed to help end the stigma
the knowledge and understanding to managing health and wellbeing.”
that can stop people from disclosing
spot the symptoms of common mental The Global HSE 2018 International
and seeking help for a mental health
health issues and help colleagues Conference and Exhibition brought
problem and to support employers
with a mental health issue receive together a wide range of stakeholders
in creating a positive mental health
the support they need to recover or from various parts of the world to build
culture in their business.
manage their symptoms. partnerships and share knowledge in the
The first course is ‘Start the
Mike Robinson, chief executive field of health, safety and environmental
Conversation’, a 45-minute session
of the British Safety Council, said: management. The event was hosted by
designed to get employees thinking
“These practical courses will support Kuwait Petroleum Corporation.
and talking about mental wellbeing. As
well as aiming to help end the stigma the development of a positive mental
around mental health so workers feel health culture in any organisation,
more comfortable talking about their regardless of its size and budget.
feelings, the session aims to help “By learning how to start and
people to spot the signs that someone engage in open conversations about
else needs help and understand what mental health we could help to save
to do and say in those situations. someone’s life one day.”
The second stage is the newly
launched ‘Manage the Conversation’
workshop for line managers and More details at:
supervisors. This three-hour course is britsafe.org Mike Robinson spoke about worker health.

10 Safety Management March 2018


— Page header
Elsewhere

A quick wander through the


world of health, safety and Follow us on:
environmental management. britishsafetycouncil
@britsafe
sm.britsafe.org

Best of the web Twitter

Sleep on it Protect yourself


Thousands of workers
March brings a flurry of free help in
directly employed by
managing your personal protection
Carillion, and the much greater
equipment needs, with three live
number of those working in its
webinars on the subject. Devised by
supply chain, must be under
the PPE specialists at 3M, the first
extreme mental stress, says
in the series is metal fabrication and
Lawrence Waterman in FT @
finishing, followed by construction
FinancialTimes tinyurl.com/
and finally, PPE in metal casting
ycgfkq95
and forging. An hour long, they are
essential viewing for anyone who has
to provide effective protection and
training against the hazards in their Female tipper truck driver
work environments. crushed to death after
Leicestershire skip hire firm
failed to segregate pedestrians
Phothograph: iStock/PeopleImages tinyurl.com/yczj9u3s and vehicles, court hears
Everyone feels better with a good Head first tinyurl.com/ya8lgkgs #waste
night’s sleep, but what of the reverse? The NHS has launched Head First, a #safety #transport
Problems with getting enough rest new web resource designed to improve
can be debilitating, with side effects the resilience and mental wellness of its
ranging from poor cognitive skills, emergency service staff. But while it’s
While the
depression to being more prone to aimed at the 91 per cent of ambulance
business
injury. Great then that Business in the staff who have experienced mental
case for managing
Community (BITC) and Public Health health issues, it’s also worth having a
safety is well
England (PHE) is waking us up to the look for general tips on sustaining or
documented, the
issue, with a new sleep and recovery improving mental health. In addition,
case for managing
toolkit designed for employers to new resources from NHS wellbeing,
health and wellbeing is not
help their workers with proactive from building a wellbeing programme
widely understood, says Mike
and positive steps on getting enough for your organisation to posters on
Robinson, CEO @BritSafe
restorative rest. reasons to get fit, are helpful too.
@GlobalHSE2018 in Kuwait

tinyurl.com/ybhg3sgs tinyurl.com/y92w4m99

Required reading

Health tips Gaining on pain Building bridges


What do Ruby Wax, Will Self and Ian Back pain can be beaten, says Bridget The Humber Bridge, near Kingston upon
Rankin all have in common? Apart Leathley for HSW. But rather than Hull, is the first major suspension bridge
from being writers, they have all focusing on loads and lifts, she to use hollow reinforced concrete
contributed to the Guardian’s ‘How to discusses the evidence for holistic towers, each standing 155.5m high
live well’ series. These meditations from treatments, including therapy and yoga, and it is the UK’s longest single-span
individuals on keeping mentally and as effective tools. This is because pain is suspension bridge. In this detailed
physically healthy give another spin on as much related to how we think, as to case study in IOSH magazine, head of
the issues, from the benefits of walks what we do, with new research showing infrastructure Andrew Arundel talks
and how work can keep you feeling the links between perception of risk about working round high wind speeds
young, to what makes a good diet and and the experience of it. Accentuate the and 24/7 traffic flow to maintain the
how to manage poor moods. positive and watch the pain disappear. grade 1 structure.

March 2018 Safety Management 11


Feature

particular need to make sure they have


the right policies to ensure work is
safe, healthy and rewarding.
The state of our children’s and
workers’ mental health in the UK
continues to be a concern, and there
is strong evidence to show that good
work makes for healthier and more
productive workers. New technology
can do a lot to help by giving workers
more tools for self-determination,
and enable older people to stay fitter
for longer. We urge businesses,
trade unions and others to share
their experience of good work and
work design as the UK government
implements its Industrial Strategy.

Build resilience for the future


The ability of workers to cope with the
mental pressure of a changing world of
work, including increased collaboration
between workers and intelligent
machines and robotics, is going to be
a key attribute in the future. Worker
health and wellbeing demands it and,
at a macro level, if we are to have a
sustainable and productive economy,
then we must do more to help workers
build their resilience.
Government needs to look at
Work in the future will involve more collaboration between workers and intelligent machines. incentives – such as tax breaks – for
Photograph: iStock/zoranm employers to introduce health and
wellbeing programmes, schools should

Good work for all, include resilience and wellbeing in their


curricula and employers should test

today and tomorrow


innovative approaches and wellbeing
programmes in consultation with
workers and trade unions.

Ensure education is relevant and


The British Safety Council has produced a forward-thinking
new literature review on how changes to the There is a risk that changes to the
world of work could leave ‘educators’
way we work are likely to change risks to our behind. If we create a more insecure

health, safety and wellbeing in the future. and inexperienced workforce – who
are therefore more likely to suffer
injury or ill-health –risk education
Produced in collaboration with and potentially disruptive change before work along with induction and
research team RobertsonCooper, to how we live and work. It also training at work will become even
Future risk: Impact of work on makes five recommendations for more important.
health, safety and wellbeing government, business, trade unions Schools and training bodies need
has highlighted that research and educators to ensure that we will to focus on both soft skills such as
linking emerging risks to rapid be better prepared to face any health, collaboration, creativity and leadership
technological and demographic safety and wellbeing risks that are – workers can take these skills with
change needs to improve likely follow these changes. them as they change jobs, these skills
significantly if society is going to are less prone to automation and will
respond effectively to maintain Promote good work and better- boost resilience – and skills associated
people’s safety, health and quality jobs with new technology, such as working
wellbeing in the future. Though change is inevitable, how we in collaboration with intelligent
The literature review has confirmed respond to the changing world of work machines and robots.
that we are living through fundamental is not. Government and businesses in Occupational safety and health

12 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

professionals, as well as safety between employers and workers applications of nanomaterials and the
representatives and HR professionals, become more diffuse – where people impact on mental and physical health
should include in their development in the ‘gig’ economy are often not of insecurity or working as co-bots,
such training, with a larger emphasis classified as workers– businesses would contribute to a more coherent
on how to reduce ‘stressors’ and might increasingly avoid the costs view of current and future risks to
promote wellbeing and resilience. of sickness absence or employer’s worker health, safety and wellbeing.
What’s key to the ability to do this is liability insurance. Government should
adaptability; educators are required do more through its industrial strategy
to have a fexible mind-set focused on to enable gig-workers to take certain
supporting individuals, from school basic social protections and rights
education through to workforce with them, wherever they work. Good
development, to thrive in an ever- work must be for all.
changing environment.
Extend the understanding
Keep the regulatory system of future risks
up-to-date The report has highlighted some of
Changes to the world of work presents the sweeping changes to work we are
challenges for how our legal and facing. It is vital that determining the
regulatory systems operate. With risks of the future is a key priority for
working networks, including those the research community and people
between humans and machines, practitioners. Existing research strongly
sometimes operating across borders, indicates that there needs to be a
there is a question about where greater emphasis on soft skills such
ownership of the risk lies. as leadership, communication and
This leads us to a question about innovation to face these future risks.
liability when things go wrong. The However, research on the risks of
cost of ill health remains high, with new technologies, new materials and
PwC research estimating in 2013 that new ways of working is quite thin in
sickness absence costs UK businesses places. For example, research into Future Risk report available at:
an estimated £29bn. As contracts the risks associated with real-world britsafe.org/futurerisk-report

Future of Work Early bird offer ends


Friday 6 April

and Risk
Member £125 +VAT
(Full price £155 +VAT)
Non-member £145 +VAT
South West Conference. (Full price £180 +VAT)
Thursday 24 May, Group discounts available
Bristol Marriott Hotel City Centre
Book now at:
www.britsafe.org/
New technologies, changing forms of employment southwestconf
and an ageing workforce are radically changing
work and the workplace. Some are calling it the 4th Contact us:
industrial revolution and it will have a major impact on T +44 (0)20 3510 3510
E events@britsafe.org
the health, safety and wellbeing of workers. The British
www.britsafe.org/events
Safety Council is hosting leading commentators and
/britishsafetycouncil
thought-leaders to set out the nature of these changes @britsafe
and what can be done to keep workers healthy and /company/british-safety-council
our economy productive, now and in the future. MAE180

March 2018 Safety Management 13



Opinion

Designing a
better future
If someone came to you and told increasingly diverse range of situations. I believe that health and safety
you that they would like to engage There is no doubt that our lives, our practitioners have a key role to play in
in an activity that involved sliding jobs and our workplaces are changing helping businesses to adopt this more
down a long, steep, undulating at a much faster pace than ever before. forward-thinking approach. Our role
ice slope with tight bends, while In a recently published research has moved on from one of policing
sat on a metal tray with skate report Future Risk. Impact of work on compliance to one of facilitating
blades attached to the bottom, helath, safety and wellbeing the British effective risk management. This places
reaching speeds of over 80mph, Safety Council has considered how these us right at the heart of what is currently
what would you say? changes might impact on people, and set being heralded as the fourth industrial
out areas for consideration and action by revolution, and offers us the opportunity
What about launching themselves
employers, regulators and government. to really get involved in shaping the future.
down a steep hill and over the edge
During 2017 Matthew Taylor, chief So be brave! Think big and embrace
of a sheer drop wearing long flexible
executive of the Royal Society of the opportunity to design a better
plastic strips on their feet, aiming to
Arts, was invited by the government future for everybody.
glide distances of over 200m at high
to undertake a review into modern —
speed, and then land on their feet and
working practices. The report identified Louise Ward
slide down a steep snow-covered hill Director of policy, communications
that the legal and regulatory regimes
until it levels out? and standards
do not adequately reflect the nature
Or even propelling a metal tube British Safety Council
of modern work, and that this has
on skates from the top of a steep ice
resulted in a number of loopholes and
shoot, then jumping in with three other
grey areas that have the potential to
people and sliding down, round a series
adversely impact people working in
of tight bends and gradient changes
some areas of the economy.
reaching speeds of over 80mph, until
In February the government
coming to a rest on a snow-covered hill
published its response to the review
at the bottom (provided there hasn’t
and, acknowledging these issues, has
been a crash before that!)?
launched a series of consultations to help
As a safety professional it would be
scope the changes necessary to promote
easy to refuse such requests, without
fairness, safety, security and wellbeing
giving them much detailed thought,
for all workers in the modern economy.
on the basis of the hazard alone. And
At the moment it feels very much
yet, the Winter Olympics just finished
as though society is struggling to keep
in Pyeongchang, South Korea, with
pace with the changes being driven by
athletes achieving new records despite
economic progress and technological
the hazard profile of these and other
innovation. To address this, a change
activities, and serious incidents are
in approach is required. Rather than
actually relatively unusual.
waiting for change to occur and then
Needless risk taking, or excellent reacting to address the resulting
risk management? issues, we need to take a longer-
Looking at archive material and images term view, look forward and take the Follow the British Safety
from the early winter games is quite opportunity to design for the future. Council on Twitter:
alarming, but in modern times winter Application of the basic principles @BritSafe
sports have attracted huge investment, of risk management will allow us to
which is driving significant innovation anticipate potential issues, and adapt
in control measures and protection. our plans to design these out before Future Risk. Impact of work on
The key is achieving a balance they even occur. This will be much helath, safety and wellbeing
that facilitates activity while also more effective from a business point of report available at:
minimising the likelihood of harm. view, and will help to foster a culture britsafe.org/futurerisk-report
As health and safety practitioners of engagement to sustain and support Good Work: The Taylor Review
we are being called upon to apply efficiency and positive mental health of Modern Working Practices at:
our risk management expertise in an among workers. tinyurl.com/y7bax3t3 practices

14 Safety Management March 2018


PageOpinion
header

Fighting stress is more


than campaigns
and rules; something preventing them at work (8%). A study carried by job
from getting on with everyday tasks. site CV Library in the manufacturing
Simon Without an embedded health and sector found that 69.7% workers cite
Olliff safety culture with leadership, drive workplace stress as a key cause of
and support from all senior members their disrupted sleep. Sleep deprivation
of staff, the isolation and pressure then affects an employee’s ability to
the health and safety manager could stay focused, complete tasks, and deal
feel is overwhelming. If health and with challenging issues. Stress really
safety successes aren’t recognised, is a condition that impacts a sufferer’s
any perceived failures will be viewed entire life.
harshly. If the business fundamentally The HSE’s ‘Go Home Healthy’
shies away from accepting any failures, campaign launched last September
health and safety professionals will demonstrates how the regulator is driving
Manging director be put under even more pressure to forward to help reduce the problem.
Banyard Solutions make the numbers work despite the The initiative centres on an employer’s
workforce not being engaged in the obligation to ensure employees go
concept. Unless the company is in a home healthy from work, with work-
highly regulated industry or simply related stress one of the key focuses.
prioritises compliance, new health Employers have a legal duty to
and safety programmes with costs protect workers from stress by doing
attached are likely to be considered an a risk assessment and acting on it.
unnecessary expense. Although companies with fewer than
As occupational health, safety,
HSE reported 526,000 workers five employees don’t have to write down
and wellbeing have become more
suffering from work-related stress, the findings, it’s useful to do this so it
interlinked, the role of the health
depression and anxiety in 2016/17, can be reviewed later on. For the rest
and safety manager has changed of organisations, the risk assessment
painting a worrying picture. But if the
and now has a wider level of must be recorded and any paperwork
role of the health and safety manager is
responsibility. A good professional produced should help communicate
undervalued, how will they be able to
focuses on reducing near misses, and manage the risks. The management
effectively communicate the dangers of
incidents and risks, and training standards identify and manage six areas
work-related stress to the boardroom
the workforce accordingly. All too of work design, which can affect stress
and really implement change?
often this work is underappreciated levels, including demands, control,
by the staff and often at boardroom Work–related stress
support, relationships, role and change.
level too. In October last year, the government Mental health support should always be
It’s perhaps unsurprising that this published a report assessing the offered, and employers made
position carries with it a great deal detrimental effects of mental health aware of stress management and
of stress. If the boardroom doesn’t issues, including stress. Thriving at resources available.
advocate an effective corporate Work stated that 300,000 people in In 2016/17, stress accounted for
governance system where health and the UK suffering from mental health 40% of work related ill health and 49%
safety is treated as a strategic issue lose their jobs annually, with estimated of working days lost, so employers
and an essential cost, the health and costs to the UK economy between £74- must listen to the health and safety
safety professional immediately has £99 billion a year. Government spend professional if they are discussing the
a problem, with potentially damaging for the day to day running of the entire issue. If appreciation towards their role
consequences. It will likely result in NHS in 2017/18 is forecasted to be goes up, employers will be more likely
a health and safety situation where £108 billion. Mental health is costing to listen. If it doesn’t, implementing new
people don’t follow the rules, with the nation unprecedented amounts of processes and campaigns will continue
a relaxed ‘It’s not going to happen pain and money. to be an uphill battle.
here’ attitude, and where it may not According to the hSE stats, causes
be deemed essential to report on of workplace stress are varied, but
incidents. Junior members of staff are main causes include workload (44%), Go Home Healthy campaign at:
likely to view health and safety as a lack of support (14%), violence, hse.gov.uk/gohomehealthy/
burden, with unnecessary paperwork threats or bullying (13%) or changes index.htm

March 2018 Safety Management 15


Feature

If some leaders direct at a


comfortable distance from the
project they are working on, Simon
Blanchflower is not that person.
When we meet Simon, major
programme director of Network
Rail’s Thameslink Programme to talk
about the qualities of leadership, it is
not in a towering skyscraper, but in
an office in the midst of the action.
From it we can hear the rumbling
and screeching of rail tracks, the
sounds of a nine-year project coming
to life. The immersive setting of
part of the new Thameslink line is
a good metaphor for his style of
leadership, which is all about leading
from within and empowering the
community and is what we are here
to discover more about.
The Thameslink Programme is a £7
billion government-funded scheme to
upgrade and expand the rail network
to connect passengers to a wider
range of stations to the north and to
the south of London. It has three key
benefits; improved connections, more
reliable journeys (eventually trains
will run every 2-3 minutes like the
tube), and newer, better trains. “It’s
very much about increased capacity,
increased journey opportunity, which
itself has a socioeconomic benefit
with which the government’s business
case is predicated. In a nutshell it’s
transforming rail travel in London,”
says Simon.
As major programme director, Simon
Positive thinking: Simon Blanchflower, director of the Network Rail’s Thameslink programme. is responsible for railway infrastructure
works, which make up £5 billion of the
total cost. Network Rail is the project

Leading
management organisation, and its
supply chain directly delivers the works.
Simon’s job is to lead the team which

from within
oversees that supply chain (10 directly
contracted companies, with 100s more
in the wider supply chain), as well as to
lead the health and safety, engineering
and other functional teams. He also has
Belinda Liversedge
overall accountability for the delivery
of the scheme, and manages the
relationships with the stakeholders,
From May, more trains will run quicker including the train operating companies,

and right through the heart of London, and crucially, he manages the
relationship with the Department for
as a result of Network Rail’s Thameslink Transport, the ultimate client.
It is a huge undertaking. Yet when
programme. Its director, Simon we meet Simon he seems relaxed,
Blanchflower, talks to Safety Management focused, and looks incredibly well for
someone who has just come to the end
about leading such a complex project. of a project of this scale. Work started

16 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

in 2008 and has involved major feats and encouraging individuals’ growth and Social cohesion
of engineering, not least rebuilding the good work. It shows he has seemingly Simon’s focus on community is not
182-year-old London Bridge station less interest in the status of leadership, just a job, but stems from voluntary
that debuted new platforms, entrance being more motivated by the benefits he experience in helping communities
and massive concourse (larger than can bring through it. and is a driving passion. He is
the pitch at Wembley stadium, it can longstanding chair of governors at the
Empowered to change
accommodate 96 million passengers local primary school where he lives
He speaks of an early piece of work,
a year, doubling previous capacity) in Kensington & Chelsea. “I thrive in
which was to change the safety
this January. “We’re well into 90% terms of what I contribute back into the
culture to make it about giving others
complete now, it’s the last few little local community that I’m part of. My
confidence and engagement in the
bits,” he says modestly. These include Christian faith is part of that in terms
programme. To do this, Network
new shops and a traffic management of what I do within the church, but it’s
Rail employed a consultancy to run
system that will complete the journey also a motivation in terms of wanting
workshops and interviews with
to making the station world class to drive for a greater level of social
operatives and managers to find out
and help to manage the reliability of cohesion within the community I’m
what their feelings were on safety.
the trains approaching the centre of part of,” he explains. His local church
“It came out that it was very much a
London. But we’re here to look back on where he is on the leadership team
directing culture, so that people did
the more challenging past few years of was one of the disaster relief centres
things because they were told to do
the project, to find out the approaches for the victims of the Grenfell tragedy.
things, rather than necessarily because
Simon took to leading the project, the The experience has been upsetting and
they felt empowered to change.”
qualities he personally has brought not one he wishes to talk about, but
Introducing a safety culture
to the leadership role and how it has must only serve to cement this sense of
improvement plan has redressed this
influenced the approach to safety. responsibility, we imagine.
balance and in particular helped the
Integrity success of the company’s focus on Believing the best
Simon’s answer to our key question; investigating near misses with the His leadership style is a reflection of
what makes good leadership, is same rigour as they would an actual his strong values and beliefs, but also
revealing. “Integrity is really important in incident. People need to feel they can we discover, of a striving personality.
terms of the way I operate. I would hope speak out and report a problem if they He has a tremendous belief in the best
there is an alignment between what I see it, he says. “It’s reliant upon having possible outcomes and in the capacity
say and what I do, because integrity is the right safety culture for people to of people to do well. Simon explains to
ultimately about that alignment,” he says actually be willing to report those us how children at the school where he
first. But he quickly moves on to his role incidents in the first place, rather than is a governor are among the 10 per cent
in relation to the community he leads sweep them under the carpet.” most deprived people in the country.

The aerial image shows the scale of the redevelopment at London Bridge station, with a construction site as long as the Shard is tall.
Photograph: Network Rail’s Thameslink

March 2018 Safety Management 17


Feature

London Bridge’s new concourse and five new platforms open to the public on 2 January this year, marking the completion of more than five years of
work and £1bn of investment. Photograph: Network Rail

Yet the Sunday Times recently ranked Under pressure So, yes, there is pressure, and I have
the school 15th best in the country. But the role comes with a certain degree to be very clear in terms of how we
“You might come from a particular of added pressure on the delivery side will deliver things and when it’s safe to
background, but that doesn’t need to of the work to be done. In December deliver them.”
affect your educational attainment. 2017, MPs launched an inquiry looking It’s all about planning for each stage
And, therefore, our expectation is that into why the completion of the project of operation he says. “We carry out
every child at our school will achieve had been pushed back to 2019, a year reviews before all of our infrastructure
national standards or beyond by the later than planned. The Department work to make sure that we’re ready to
for Transport announced the delay of go, that everything is in place, we’ve
time that they leave it. And they do.”
full service rollout after it emerged that got confidence around the preparation
His powers of positive thinking
acquisition of new trains had not been and planning. I wouldn’t give the go
must be invaluable in a safety context
completed and that there were problems ahead for something to happen if I
because he wants the best for
with Thameslink’s integration with the wasn’t confident it wasn’t properly
people’s safety and is unwavering
wider UK train network. planned and ready to be executed.”
in his commitment that this can be The delay does not include the On cue, the trains we can see out of
attained. “I believe that I can send infrastructure side of it – which has the window are part of the early phase
everybody home safe every day. I succeeded in remaining on schedule of service roll out. Drivers are currently
think if we can’t have that continual – but the delivery of services impacts practising the route on the line that
focus and belief then I think we’re on his work. “Every additional bit runs between Blackfriars and London
letting our staff down. We’ve got to of infrastructure capability I bring Bridge, but, from May, 18 trains will run
continue to strive with the belief that in provides greater resilience to the per hour through the centre of London,
every injury is preventable.” timetable, greater operational reliability. gearing up to 24 by the end of 2019. It

18 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

Top things to know


about Thameslink
The Thameslink Programme is a
multifaceted project to transform
rail travel through central London.
Highlights of the work in addition to
London Bridge include:

Borough Viaduct
Building a new viaduct over
The new twin track viaduct waiting to be moved
into position across Borough High Street. Borough Market, increasing the
number of trains that can travel
through London Bridge station to
Charing Cross and the north. The
72m-long bridge took seven hours
to move it into place, travelling at
an average of 7mm per second
using specialist machinery before
being lowered into place.

The Bermondsey Dive Under


This is the major new junction on
Remains of a roman bath show what life may the approach to London Bridge,
have been like in ‘Londinium’ 2,000 years ago. similar to a motorway flyover or
underpass. Railway lines can ‘fly’
over the top of other lines, allowing
more trains to run.

Blackfriars station
At Blackfriars, a £500m
redevelopment has included
extending platforms onto Blackfriars
Railway Bridge to accommodate
longer trains. New entrance and
ticket hall built at Bankside.
Trains passing the worksite on the approach to
London Bridge. Farringdon station
Major refurbishment at Farringdon.
must be music to his ears and perhaps effective than others [when it comes to From 2018 connections with
a reason he seems invigorated. safety]. But I don’t think it’s all science.” Thameslink and Crossrail will take
We suspect that his healthy Thameslink Programme will make a passengers directly to Gatwick,
appearance must also stem from huge difference to commuters when Heathrow and Luton and to St
something more than work success it opens this spring, allowing quicker Pancras International.
however, and we are right. Simon is and more comfortable journeys right
a keen fitness enthusiast. “I’m busy through the heart of London and Roman ruins
at work and I do challenge myself connecting new destinations into Two books (a third being
physically sporting wise.” He cycles to London. It’s a complex project that written) detail the extraordinary
work and last year he did the London has required structured thinking and archaeological discoveries
Marathon, Ride Prudential and Scottish achieving the seemingly impossible, Thameslink found digging among
Islands Peaks Race, a sailing and including keeping London Bridge open London’s ancient foundations.
running event. This year he is doing for the duration of all the construction Finds include a Roman bath house
an ultra-duathlon. But he does not say work. No surprise then that the specific at Borough Market; believed to be
whether or not this is the key to good leadership qualities it takes to run such
one of the biggest Roman findings
resilience at work, declining to make a project are organisation, endurance
in London on the south of the
such neat lines of deduction perhaps. and belief that nothing is too tall an
Thames. The footings of a 14th
Earlier for example, he tells us that you order. As a project that will be about
century wall to Blackfriars friary
can use structured ways to change connecting communities, it’s also a
and traces of a roman dock at the
safety for the better, but that this good fit that the leader of the project
confluence of the Thames and Fleet
does not mean they will always work is someone for whom community is so
were also uncovered.
completely: “Some things will be more central to his life.

March 2018 Safety Management 19


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in India to keep their employees healthy
and safe. Let us help you to do the same.

Find out more at www.britsafe.in

No-one should be injured or made ill at work. MC181


Feature

Constant changes to materials, designs and the built environment call for a continuous product innovation. Photograph: MSA Safety

Highly
A tall order
There is no doubt that worksites are
complex, and with many health and

engineered
safety considerations, it is imperative
that fall protection is a priority.
From the harshest of construction
environments to the highest

simplicity
telecomms tower or the smallest
and deepest mine, there are a lot of
variables to consider. This is why
it’s important to constantly develop
more effective solutions to meet ever
Taking the complexity out of fall protection changing demands.
This is no mean feat. With new
designs and modern substrates, fall
Andrew Pass protection systems need the agility to
Global engineering manager for fall protection engineered systems perform when working on different,
MSA Safety often lighter and more flexible,
materials. Product innovation means
Although health and safety has been personal cost can’t be quantified, being able to re-engineer products
given far greater priority over recent but the cost to the UK economy and systems to meet these needs
years, workplace injuries are still is over £5 billion annually. It’s a while still maximising performance.
a concern. The Health and Safety stark reminder of the importance Leaving nothing to chance
Executive (HSE) report 2016/17 of getting fall protection measures The basic rule underpinning fall
saw an estimated 609,000 injuries properly in place – both from the protection is that nothing is left to
and 137 deaths. Falls from height perspective of keeping people safe chance. That means that every new
accounted for 7 per cent of non-fatal while they work and protecting product or link in a fall protection
injuries reported under RIDDOR. The reputation and resilience. system must comply with stringent

March 2018 Safety Management 21


Feature

regulations, to ensure maximum safety. minutes on location. This meets a In many ways, everything we do is
When structural materials change, so real user need that can only be fully about taking the complex and making
too do the forces at play if someone understood by experiencing the it simple. Precision engineering,
falls. Fall protection technology needs environment first hand. sophisticated enough to do the work
to continuously change to reflect these We take a lot of inspiration from for you: innovation, learning from other
altered circumstances. other industries. Take automotive industries and pushing the boundaries.
It’s not just different materials that for example: in Formula One racing, And of course, testing above and
need to be accounted for, it’s also safety is paramount. And race cars are beyond the latest standards.
changing working practices. A good built with the most intricate, detailed When it comes to fall protection,
example of this is the transmission engineering you can imagine and you, ongoing evolution is imperative.
tower. In the past, workers had to of course, can’t see that detail in the Materials, designs and the built
physically climb the structures to final car. Fall protection is the same, it is environment change constantly and
maintain them. Today, maintenance developed around the most advanced this calls for a continuous cycle of
departments investigate and utilise engineering, yet customers ultimately newer and better products. All of
mobile elevated work platforms get a simple, easy-to-use product. these have engineered simplicity
(MEWPs) where appropriate, which at their heart – simplicity of use,
Setting the standard, looking ahead
need completely different fall simplicity of choice, simplicity of
Fall protection standards are evolving
protection solutions. peace of mind. It’s what gets workers
at pace and MSA is involved in keeping
Simplicity that inspires confidence that impetus going. Our UK Centre of safely home to their families every
As these new solutions evolve, Excellence and the Global strength of night. And it’s our message to the
it naturally means that more and the MSA brand help us lead the way industry – get your engineering right,
more systems are being used for in terms of developmental and batch and everything else will fall into place.
fall protection. This can lead to performance testing. Even products We believe that success in fall
confusion when selecting an effective launched 20 years ago still exceed protection is all about engineering
combination of products. Plus there the standards and test requirements integrity and engineered simplicity is
is the increased risk associated with required today. fundamental to success.
choosing non-compatible products. For
this reason, MSA’s skilled engineers
create solutions that, while meeting
complex needs, are still simple to
understand and use.
When developing new products, it
is important to look for simplification
by ensuring individual elements
(harnesses, lifelines, helmets etc) work
seamlessly together, and also with other
products. This simple ‘ecosystem’ is
both easy to use and understand and
provides one of the highest levels of
protection available.
It’s only by truly understanding
the engineering complexities of fall
protection needs that you can design a
purposeful solution.

Designed to meet a need


Our specialist engineers work closely
with our customers in order to
appreciate the detailed needs of the
application rather than starting from
the perspective of providing a solution
that is in search of a problem.
To ensure we deliver truly great
products, we have engineers
dedicated to specific industries, for
example offshore wind farms. If you
have a Self-Retracting Lifeline out
at sea, how do you reduce the time
and cost needed for the repairs? The
solution we found was to engineer Precision engineering helps to improve the simplicity of working at height products.
products that can be serviced in 15 Photograph: MSA Safety

22 Safety Management March 2018


Complex Worksites.
Simplified Fall Protection Solutions.

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MSAsafety.com/fallprotection 0800 066 2222 | info.GB@MSAsafety.com | MSAsafety.com
Feature

Not just a handful


of dust
Matthew Judson
Director respiratory and technical support
JSP

Despite a significant reduction


in injuries to construction
workers in recent years,
construction dust is still a big
threat to their health, leading to
too many avoidable cases
of respiratory disease.
The latest UK statistics show that
there were an estimated 18,000
annual new cases of breathing or lung
problems caused, or made worse by
work in 2017, plus 41,000 new and
long-standing cases among those who
worked in 2016, and 147,000 among
those who have ever worked.
Added to these awful statistics, there
are 12,000 deaths due to lung disease
each year linked to past exposures
to agents such as isocyanates, flour,
cleaning products, wood dusts and
enzymes in the workplace.
Lung diseases such as cancer and Proper face-fit testing of respiratory equipment is key. Photograph: JSP
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD) are often fatal. Deaths from
so, unfortunately, this cannot be called The daily reassurance given by built-in
mesothelioma, caused by asbestos
a thing of the past. fit test check systems has led to a move
past exposure, are still running at an away from the use of disposable masks
annual rate of 2,500, a figure that is Control measures and solutions
towards this type of protection, which
not predicted to fall before 2020. Effective control measures need to be
secures a correct fit and ensures there is
In addition, there has been no put in place and followed. Fortunately,
no inward leakage around the mask seal.
change in the estimated rate of annual there are numerous respiratory No doubt these innovations
new cases of occupational asthma protection products readily available have brought a vast improvement
seen by specialist chest physicians that, if correctly worn, ensure that this in workplace health and safety
over the last 10 years. state of affairs need not continue. worldwide. Yet despite this, the
New, more intuitive, integrated construction dust issue hasn’t gone
The risks
Construction dust is a long-latency and comfortable safety products are away. There is still a lot of work to
hazard. Building sites suffer from being constantly innovated. These new be done to make building sites safer
high levels of pollution from cutting, products have added features offering places to spend the working day.
grinding and sanding materials such as not only instantaneous protection, but Good manufacturers are not giving
concrete, sand, silica, tiles and wood. also taking into account the effects of up in their quest to raise awareness and
These create airborne dusts, particles cumulative exposure in the future. educate workers about these risks and
and aerosols that, when regularly Proper face-fit testing of respiratory available solutions.
inhaled over a prolonged period of equipment is key. For example, daily face
time, damage health. fit checking systems enable wearers to Stats on occupational lung
Yet many workers, even if they are quickly and simply check their mask is disease in GB 2017 at:
aware of the risks, are still ignoring the adjusted to fit them at any point during hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/
dangers of inhaling this harmful dust, the working day. respiratory-diseases.pdf

24 Safety Management March 2018


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For further information go to:

March 2018 Safety Management 25


Feature

The right
steps
Falls from height continue to be
one of the causes of fatal and non-
faltal accidents in the Uk each year;
and ladders are involved in a good
number of the those occurrences.
So, what should be done to ensure
safety when working at height?
Russell Stuart
Marketing manager
Zarges

Photograph: Zarges

26 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

Firstly, it is important to check people’s lives are at stake. Companies


the equipment. You need to should always prioritise a safer
ensure that you have both the working environment for staff. A small
necessary equipment, and that investment now in the latest safety
it is in good condition before standards may save far greater costs
starting any work at height. It is long-term, should an accident happen.
recommended that ladders are Use the right tool for the job
subject to a pre-use check, as A quality ladder is characterised most
well as more detailed inspection importantly by its durability. This
at least once every three months. concerns both the design and material.
For example, ladders should be built of
In order to ensure the equipment is
material that can be used in workshops
safe, companies should ask their safety
that might use corrosive chemicals
officer to perform a risk assessment
in production, and be durable so that
as soon as possible. Effective safety
they can perform safely in all weather
management requires an individual
conditions for work outdoors.
risk assessment to take into account
Environmental influences such as
various factors before carrying out a
ice, snow and mud should also be taken
task involving ladders. These factors
into account as they might strongly
include the purpose of use and duration
of the activity. impair a ladder’s slip resistance. Even
For example, it makes a difference in covered indoor areas, machine oil,
whether the task involves quickly water or other material can quickly lead
replacing a light bulb compared to to dangerous and slippery conditions.
standing at great heights for hours This is especially true when working
while carrying out extensive work. If on, or in the immediate vicinity of,
the task requires great dexterity or equipment such as milling and drilling
strength, it may make sense to use a machines, where oil is used as a
scaffold or a platform ladder instead of coolant – the risk of an accident can be
a conventional ladder. Ease of setting- mitigated with a ladder that is specially
up and dismantling should also be designed for the situation.
considered, alongside looking for a low These are some tips to help ensure
weight and transportable solution. companies are doing everything
possible to reduce the risks of working
Out with the old
at height:
As of the 1 January 2018, the European
• Regularly inspect ladders: it is
Committee for Standardisation
recommended that ladders are
published new standards, EN 131-1
subject to a pre-use check, as well
and 2. The new standard includes a
as detailed inspection at least once
‘Professional’ and ‘Non-Professional’
every three months
category. In the UK, the current
• Take note of the inspector’s
standard BS 2027 Class 1 (ladders
qualification: an inspection is
for heavy duty and industrial use) has
considered legally compliant only
been withdrawn and replaced with the
EN 131 Professional rating. Under the when it is performed by a certified
new standard, all leaning ladders that in-house safety officer or a trained
are three metres or longer must be employee of a specialist company
equipped with a stabiliser • Perform retrofitting: access systems
bar at the base to ensure stability. can be retrofitted to comply with
These standards have been brought regulations. For example, a stabiliser
in with the intention of reducing base can be added to a leaning
ladder-related incidents. ladder in accordance with EN 131-1
EN 131-1 and 2 does not prohibit • Safety first: in addition to annual
the continued use of current ladders. inspections, companies should
However, as ladders are ubiquitous always keep an eye on the safety of
within industrial and trade skills, it is their ladders and access systems.
essential they are reviewed regularly to Specialist companies and
ensure they are still functioning safely. manufacturers offer relevant advice,
Ultimately, EN 131-1 and 2 are instructions and information to ensure
intended to improve safety, so no ladders are being used safely in the
compromises should be made when work environment.

March 2018 Safety Management 27


Feature

Fall arrest safety net. Photograph: AIF

All together
The submissions received so far, and
currently under consideration, include
comments about the primary reasons

against falls
for falls, the appropriateness of the
existing regulations, the additional
measures considered necessary to
prevent falls, the case for enhanced falls
reporting and the role of innovation, in
particular, the use of digital technology,
A newly formed All Party Parliamentary in improving height safety.

Group (APPG) into working at height will Peter Bennett, managing director
of PASMA and chair of the Access
produce a report and recommendations Industry Forum, says: “PASMA and the
AIF are delighted to be championing
aimed at reducing the number of deaths the work of this new parliamentary
and serious injuries resulting from falls group. We look forward to seeing its
recommendations on how the number
from height in UK workplaces. of people and families affected by falls
from height can be further reduced.
Chris Kendall of the Access Industry Forum (AIF), We want everyone who works at height
Chair the APPG is chaired by the Member to return home safely every day.”
AIF Marketing and Communications of Parliament for Glasgow Central, The Ladder Association thinks
Committee Alison Thewliss, and brings together the changes to BS EN 131, the single
concerned MPs from across the political British and European product standard
Considered by many to be
spectrum to examine the effectiveness covering all types of portable ladders,
one of the most significant
of the existing regulations. are “the most extensive review
developments in the work at
Alison comments: “That 18% of the and update since ladders were first
height sector in recent times,
people who died at work in 2016/17 did introduced”. The changes are designed
the group is currently considering
evidence submissions from so as a result of a fall from height is a
interested stakeholders. shocking statistic. The APPG inquiry
is intended to investigate the reasons AIF members: ATLAS, BSIF, EPF,
Sponsored by PASMA, the not-
FASET, IPAF, IRATA, Ladder
for-profit organisation dedicated to for this and to ensure that the current
Association, NASC, PASMA,
advancing safety in the mobile access regulations are sufficient to keep
SAEMA, WAHSA
tower industry, and with the support people safe.”

28 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

to improve the safety of ladders and to guidance is broader in scope to reflect produced a selection of 3D virtual
make buying the right ladders much a significant increase in the number mobile elevating work platforms
simpler and more straightforward. of TG20 compliant scaffolds, changes (MEWPs) and mast climbing work
The changes include improved to scaffolding good practice and platforms (MCWPs) and made them
stability together with enhanced test innovation across the industry. It is available for free download from
requirements designed to augment available from the NASC website. the UK-based National Building
strength, rigidity and durability. The Confederation will also be Information Modelling (BIM) library.
Following these changes there are highlighting the need for all trades BIM is increasingly recognised and
now only two classes of ladder: ‘non- to undertake a systematic risk used around the world by architects
professional’ for domestic users only and assessment and produce a thorough and project managers when designing
‘professional’ for use in the workplace. method statement when selecting and new buildings and considering
According to the Ladder Association using scaffolding. how they will be constructed and
(LA), businesses should consider The Rope Access Manager/Rope maintained. So far IPAF has had
updating their purchasing policies Access Safety Supervisor course is the four virtual models accepted by the
library: MCWP, Vertical Lift; Mobile
now to be ready to specify EN 131 latest development from IRATA – the
Boom – Telescopic and Mobile Boom –
‘professional’ ladders to the new international association dedicated
Articulated. Three more models are in
standard when existing ladders to rope access. A brand new course
development.
need to be replaced, or when new aimed at providing technicians and
The AIF is the forum for the principal
ones are needed. A free, eight-page rope access managers with specific
trade associations and federations
guide explaining the changes and supervisory and management skills will
involved in work at height. Each
implications for specifiers, buyers and be launched later this year.
organisation represents a different
users is available from the LA website. To become an IRATA qualified rope
sector of the access industry and
The National Access & Scaffolding access manager, candidates must have
fosters and supports codes of good
Confederation (NASC) is a founder previously qualified as an IRATA Level 3
practice, equipment standards,
member of the AIF and throughout rope access technician. Eligibility for the
training, education and knowledge.
2018 will be headlining its flagship rope access safety supervisor course is
guidance SG4:15 Preventing Falls in specified on the IRATA website.
Scaffolding Operations. Described For its part, IPAF, the International More information at:
as ‘evolution not revolution’, the Powered Access Federation, has accessindustryforum.org.uk

sm.britsafe.org

Read Safety Management online


for daily news and prosecutions. MPO135

March 2018 Safety Management 29


Feature

There is still a fear about mentioning stress and mental health because they are taboo subjects. Photograph: iStock/kali9

The conversation
Construction has some highly stressful
challenges – whether it be ‘tough’
clients, a culture of confrontation,

has begun
low margins, penalties in the supply
chain and potentially bankrupting
delays in payments. The need for
closer collaboration among project
participants and the adoption of new

Mates in Mind is trying to change the way ways of scheduling work can also be
met with resistance.
the construction industry talks about mental Stigma and discrimination remain
health. Its executive director, Joscelyne a barrier to people getting timely
support. According to the Health
Shaw, talks about its progress and the and Safety Executive (HSE) data in
benefits of adhering to the programme. 2014, the lack of staff awareness and
expertise or specialist support are
making psychological risks, including
A survey of 3,400 construction More significantly, almost three mental health, harder to address by
workers released by specialist quarters of respondents felt that around a quarter of all organisations
recruiter Randstad in September employers do not recognise the early across all industries, including
2017 found that 34% of respondents signs of mental health problems. construction.
had experienced a mental health Mental ill health is complex, There has been significant effort
condition in the previous 12 months. sensitive and personal, and in work, made in improving safety on site,
in many respects, even more so. but the statistics show that there is
still work to be done in respect of
Mental health in construction

73%
addressing occupational health. In
The number of people affected by 2016/17 there were 0.5 million working
mental health issues in the construction days lost due to work-related stress,
of workers feel their employers
industry may explain why many people depression or anxiety (new and long-
do not recognise the early signs
are able to immediate relate: they know standing). Poor mental health affects
of mental health problems
of or about someone directly. people of all ages.

30 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

Earlier in 2017, the Office of National • The Health and Safety at Work campaigns; it is about behaviour and
Statistics (ONS) released a report on Act 1974 ensures employers are instilling a culture of wellbeing. It is
data on suicide rates in England and responsible for the wellbeing of their therefore important to consider how
Wales for the period 2011-2015, which workforce and places a duty of care this is then incorporated into safety
showed that the rate among low-skilled on employers to take measures to culture and people management, and is
male construction workers was 3.7 control risks. This act also considers not tackled in isolation.
times above the national average. the health of employees returning
Mates in Mind: an approach to
Furthermore, the rate among building to work after an illness or length of
support and signpost
finishing trades, including plasterers, absence, to ensure that employees’
Championed by the Health in
painters and decorators, was twice health is not made worse by the
Construction Leadership Group with
the national average. The statistics work environment.
the support of the British Safety
highlight that talking about suicide is There is increasing evidence too in Council, Mates in Mind was born
still highly stigmatised. respect of the benefit of investing because of the growing understanding
Work-related stress may not in health and wellbeing – it’s not of mental health issues in the
only have an impact upon work just in terms of realising the cost of construction industry, and a desire to
performance and personal lives, absenteeism but also the presenteeism change that awareness into action.
but also physically, causing poor or lost productivity associated with While we cannot create an overnight
health such as high blood pressure, employees affected by health problems cultural shift, we can agree to act on
stomach ulcers and increased risk of who are still coming into work. health, and that includes mental health.
heart attack. It can also result in drug In 2017, the Centre for Mental
and alcohol abuse. Therefore, while Health has put the overall cost of
addressing other occupational health not addressing mental health at
issues, it is important to consider the approximately £1,300 per worker –
association with mental health.
One thing everyone has in
comprising the costs of staff turnover, common is their determination
A clear business case reduced productivity at work and
to deliver and their passion
There is a clear case for considering the sickness absence. According to
for the industry, whether they
mental wellbeing of workers, including Thriving at Work: a review of mental
show it or not
from a legal perspective, where it can health and employers. An independent
Mates in Mind fundraiser
be included as part of the larger topic of review of mental health and employers
health and safety at work. Specifically: by Lord Dennis Stevenson and Paul
• The Management of Health and Safety Farme, published in October 2017, over
at Work Regulations 1999 require half of the cost to business is in relation
employers to assess work-related to presenteeism. The initial unveiling was in January
risks, including stress. It also states It is often that dogged determination 2017 at the second Health in
that employers should undertake to get the job done can result in Construction summit. After a
risk assessments for all employees ‘poor’ practice – whether from a successful pilot across six leading
and take steps to prevent health safety perspective or in terms of construction firms/projects: Balfour
and safety risks and continuously mental wellbeing – and illustrates that Beatty, Careys, VolkerWessels UK,
monitor health and wellbeing mental health is more than awareness Wilmott Dixon, Heathrow and Tideway,
Mates in Mind rolled out to the entire
sector in September 2017.
The programme aims to raise
awareness, address the stigma of
poor mental health and improve
positive mental wellbeing in the UK
construction industry.
Importantly, based on the
experience during the pilot phase
in the first half of 2017, Mates in
Mind offers a flexible and joined-up
approach that articulates a practical
programme, providing a platform that
empowers people and organisations to

46%
of all women surveyed by
Randstad said they were dealing
Some organisations recognise they have in some way already begun their conversation about
with poor mental health conditions
mental health. Photograph: iStock/Cineberg

March 2018 Safety Management 31


Feature

address the issue. Simultaneously, this a ‘Train the trainer’ course to allow
approach recognises that businesses for flexible and independent delivery January 2018: National
will have different priorities and drivers. within the organisation. This course
The objective is to provide clear contextualises the issues in a way
Counselling Society
information to employers on available everyone can understand and engage, partners with Mates
support and guidance to them as well and accordingly, extends to support line in Mind
as to their workforce, working across managers and supervisors. It includes
The National Counselling
the entire sector, including supply established training on mental health
chains, industry and trade bodies. Society (NCS) believe it is vital for
first aid.
construction workers to not only talk
In many instances, Mates in Mind is
about their mental health openly but
enabling organisations to recognise that
they have in some way already begun to also have access to affordable
As a supporting partner of their conversation, and it is just a case of counselling and information when
Mates in Mind we have trained taking the next step. Without question they are at home or working away.
the first 25 ambassadors for the there is still a fear about mentioning It will offer those involved with
programme and they’ve now ‘stress’ and ‘mental health’ because the Mates in Mind programme the
started the roll out of ‘Start the they’re taboo subjects and there is a following:
Conversation’. This year will see concern about people going off work. • A free assessment, this will either
continued progress to meet our But the situation is now changing as be over the phone, online or face
initial goal of communicating businesses recognise the moral case as to face
the mental fitness and wellbeing well as the business case. It is therefore • Up to eight counselling sessions
message to our first thousand important to look at the investment that at a fixed rate of £30 per session.
staff. A positive culture of organisations can make.
Recognising the complexity of the
openness and support is already
construction sector and considering
evident within the business The Good Day at
factors such as the scope of work,
David White
the supply chain, investment costs Work Annual Report
Group Health Safety and Sustainability
director
and responsibilities, Mates in Mind for 2014/2015 focused
provides an efficient and effective
Galliford Try on mental health
framework for all organisations to take
steps in a consistent and coordinated and wellbeing in
manner. It is a balance recognising that the workplace
The framework can apply to all every day matters. discovered that:
organisations, from those with no Since rolling out in September 2017,
• 1 in 4 people will experience
provision or policy around mental Mates in Mind has been supported by
a mental health problem in
health through to those with the most eight Business Champions: Balfour any year – poor mental health
established programmes. No one Beatty, eight2O, Galliford Try, RSE affects anyone
element of Mates in Mind is compulsory Group, Mineral Products Association, • 9 out of 10 people who
and the team work with organisations Sellafield Ltd, Tarmac and Tideway. experience mental health
to help create an appropriate model and In an industry with more than two problems say they face stigma
approach for them. million workers, it is essential to work and discrimination as a result
In the first instance, organisations collaboratively with businesses across • Stigma is a huge challenge in the
should create more awareness and the sector, trade bodies and associations workplace; 40% of employers
understanding issues about mental as well as mental health charities in order view workers with mental health
health, primarily through on-site action to be as impactful as we can. problems as a ‘significant risk’
and an awareness and education Partners like Samaritans, the • 8 in 10 employers have no mental
programme. But it is not about siloed Lighthouse Club and the National health policy
approaches, rather engendering a Counselling Society will be able to see • Stress has forced 1 in 5 workers
joined-up approach to awareness and – through their engagement and service to call in sick; 90% did not feel
education: the subject is sensitive and provisions – the extent people are more able to tell their boss the real
often personal. confident in looking for assistance. reason why.
This approximation to awareness and By joining Mates in Mind,
training includes the development of organisations have access to the
the ‘Start the conversation’ awareness

2/3
support, information and communication
course, aimed at construction workers. and a growing peer network.
It is aptly titled, as it gets workers to
start thinking and talking about mental of construction workers surveyed
health in work with a colleague in a by Randstad said they do not feel
More info at:
facilitated way that helps to normalise there are sufficient outlets to
matesinmind.org
the issue. It is also supported with discuss mental health conditions
T +44 (0)20 3510 5018

32 Safety Management March 2018


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March 2018 Safety Management 33


Feature

A rickety
ride
Pedicabs and rickshaws bring much
pleasure to city sightseers. Yet as
vehicles, thanks to a legal loophole,
they are not subject to safety laws.
Should we be concerned?

Pedicabs are the only form of public transport in London to be unregulated. Photograph: iStock/Roger Utting

Paul Scully causes problems for businesses, as they falling out of a pedicab in Edinburgh back
MP for Sutton and Cheam block highways, harass customers in 2010 shows that it is very possible. Of
and cause serious risk to visitors course, accidents can happen whatever
In London, 1,400 of these rickshaws
and workers. regime exists, but even the most basic
seek to attract tourists with their
There have been a few pedicab- checks will reduce the likelihood.
brightly coloured covers and music
related accidents in London. One man The other main concern with
playing. Many cabbies, local residents told the Evening Standard in 2016 how unregulated pedicabs is the lack of
and businesses want them banned or he had been knocked out and left with protection for passengers when it
controlled. Either way, they remain a broken cheekbone after being hit comes to fares. In 2016, an undercover
the only form of public transport in by a rickshaw, whose driver allegedly filmmaker revealed examples of
London to be unregulated. spat in the face of a member of staff in rickshaw drivers boasting about
As a result, there is no requirement Covent Garden before pedalling away charging three Chinese tourists £350
for insurance, fares are not fixed or in a midnight hit and run. each for a 35-minute ride, and charging
consistent, and neither vehicle condition Fortunately, there have been no £200-£300 to go the half mile from
nor driver quality is assessed. The deaths in the capital so far, though the Oxford Circus to Piccadilly Circus.
behaviour of some pedicab operators fact that an off-duty soldier died after Through a 10-minute rule motion in

34 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

bicycles, passenger safety concerns


and fare transparency. New York
and Rome failed in their attempts to
introduce a blanket ban, but San Diego
successfully introduced comprehensive
regulation. San Diego City Council voted
to strengthen regulations on pedicab
operators following the death of a
tourist in an accident. Pedicab operators
there are required by law to display
fares openly, and numbers are capped
in high-traffic areas. They are banned
from using metered parking spaces
and drivers are required to carry proof
of insurance and ensure that seatbelts
are worn. Operators with criminal
convictions are banned.
London is a global city with a positive
international reputation. Some 20 million
people come to our capital every year.
It vies with Bangkok each year to be the
most visited city on the planet. Although
London has so much to offer visitors,
we should not take our tourism industry
for granted. Making sure that visitors
have a wonderful experience, feel safe,
get value for money and have a great
time is vital to keeping those figures up
and ensuring that people share positive
stories about their trips with their friends
and keep coming back.
My bill would enable TfL to develop
a regulation system but does not
prescribe what that system should be.
However, there is every indication that
TfL will conduct a background check
of the driver and a safety inspection of
vehicles, which are usually bought or
rented from a few providers. There is
also indication of placing a cap on fares
or rates charged and set out sensible
rules as to where and how drivers can
park and tout for business.
This will allow Transport for London
Parliament, I have proposed the primary hackney carriages under section 4 of the to give consumers, whether they
legislation required to allow the Mayor Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869, are Londoners or visitors, protection
to introduce sensible regulations, a in every part of England and Wales, against excessive fares and safety
move supported by many businesses apart from London. In the capital, a legal protection through driver and vehicle
and residents’ groups who have come anomaly means that they are treated as checks, and to give others, including
together to form the Regulate Pedicabs stage carriages, which are not subject pedestrians, local businesses and
Coalition. These are: London MPs from all to the same arrangement. The leading nearby residents, some peace
parties, Westminster council, Transport court case about pedicabs in London through reasonable and proportionate
for London and the Department for reached the opposite conclusion to case regulation. Londoners are pressing
Transport. With this support, I hope law relating to the rest of England and for this small but significant change.
that I am pushing against an open door, Wales when looking at clarifying the Parliament needs to listen and respond.
but legislating is never straightforward. position of this mode of transport.
The fact that London is the only part Many cities across the world have
Pedicabs (London) Bill 2017-19
of the country where pedicabs are not looked to regulate pedicabs. Despite
will have its second reading
regulated demonstrates the complication. different contexts, several themes
debate on 16 March 2018
Pedicabs are considered to be recur, such as pedicabs’ legal status as

March 2018 Safety Management 35


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36 Safety Management March 2018



Feature

One step
at a time
Dr Keith Whitehead
British Safety Council

Implementing an environmental
management system does not
need to be a daunting task for
small and medium entreprises.
A phased approach is possible.

Photograph: iStock/lukbar

March 2018 Safety Management 37


Feature

Small and medium-sized environmental management and more done in a phased stage. The path to
enterprises (SMEs) contribute voluntary schemes and initiatives that implementing ISO 14001 is set out in
a significant part of many would reduce costs and improve the a British Guidance Standard called BS
countries’ economic output. organisations’ wider environmental 8555:2016, which helps organisations,
Consequently, their individual footprint. To make matters more and especially SMEs, build an
acute, many suppliers are now asking environmental management system
and cumulative activities
environmental and sustainability (EMS) in five phases.
result in an estimated 70% of
questions in tender documents that This guidance standard, updated
all environmental impact of
SMEs often struggle to answer due from the 2003 version in 2016 to align
businesses both in the UK to a lack of structured approach to with ISO 14001:2015, is now used
and globally. environmental management. worldwide to help SMEs implement a
Under pressure from various groups Many SMEs opt to try and structured environmental management
of stakeholders such as customers, implement ISO 14001:2015 from the system in more manageable chunks.
governments and local communities, outset and this can be a daunting task. Achievement of all phases is
SMEs are increasingly acknowledging Barriers to implementation include lack equivalent to ISO 14001:2015.
the responsibility they have to improve of resources, both human and financial, Moreover, the same approach can
their environmental performance. knowledge and a perception that be utilised for those organisations
Some are recognising that the environmental impact is small small or wishing to implement or transit to ISO
environment is a management issue insignificant for an SME. 45001:2017 because of the high-level
and not just a matter of compliance. However, any company can
structure relationship between all ISO
However, many see this as a burden, implement a system to help manage
management systems.
which is exacerbated by the fact that their responsibilities. To recognise and
environmental management is often assist companies that wish to do so, Phase 1 – Leadership, context and
delegated to the health and safety the British Standards Institution has commitment
representatives as an add on to their developed guidance. Consists of seven stages and is
core roles. This leads to a significant Like any business programme centred around getting started on
pressure on them to juggle the legal breaking down the implementation of the road to an EMS. This phase is
requirements of health, safety and any management system should be underpinned by top management

Simple steps, like recycling, only require a will to be done. Photograph: iStock/Monkey Business Images

38 Safety Management March 2018


Feature

be able to show this in a structured


manner. During this phase roles
and responsibilities are also further
defined to align with the above and the
environmental policy finalised.

Phase 4 – Implement the EMS


Phase four consists of seven stages
and is akin to the doing stage of a
management system. Operational
controls are identified and
accompanying procedures written
as well as value chain controls. The
latter relate to any control that different
organisations in the supply chain can
exert over the activities of the chain,
including suppliers and clients, for
example. Emergency preparedness
and response plans are written,
dependent on the type and nature of the
organisation but also in relation to health
and safety and business continuity.
During this phase it is important
that any staff and outsourced
Individual and organisational impact on the environment is not just a question of compliance. operations undergo some form of
awareness activities, as part of a
involvement from the outset. They will defines compliance obligations as wider communication programme.
need to demonstrate that they actively “legal requirements that an organisation In other words: what, when and why
engage in, and undertake, key EMS has to comply with and other we are communicating environmental
management system activities. requirements that an organisation has information and to whom. All
It is not sufficient for them to to or chooses to comply with”. In the documented information should be
simply ensure these activities occur; note it further states: “Compliance managed, stored and retrievable under
they must get actively involved in the obligations can arise from mandatory a document control system.
operation and make sure that the EMS requirements, such as applicable Phase Five – Check and update
is not a separate and discrete activity. laws and regulations, or voluntary Phase five consists of four stages and
The establishment of a signed commitments, such as organisational centres around the checking part of
environmental policy is key at this and industry standards, contractual the management cycle. We need to
stage, setting out the general direction relationships, codes of practice and establish internal audit programmes so
and showing commitment, compatible agreements with community groups that we can assess how the system is
with the context and strategic direction or non-governmental organisations.” operating and be able to raise and to
of the organisation. Once identified, the organisation needs correct any non-conformities. During
The EMS should eventually integrate to evaluate and manage compliance this phase it is necessary to carry
into the organisation’s business obligations defined by mandatory and/ out a management review on how
process and be aligned with any or voluntary requirements. the system has performed and any
growth of the company. At this first changes needed. This will allow the
Phase 3 – Plan and develop the EMS
phase it is important to communicate business to show how the EMS has
Phase three consists of seven stages but
the importance of the EMS and its improved and show its environmental
mainly involves determining significant
requirements through engaging, performance.
environmental aspects, identifying key
directing and supporting people by When all five phases are complete
risks and opportunities and setting
developing awareness and identifying the organisation has a system that is
SMART objectives and targets.
competency needs. compatible to ISO 14001:2015 and is
To make sure these are ultimately
We also need to identify what data ready for an assessment of certification
achieved, the organisation will have
is needed, for example, in energy, should the organisation wish to have
to put in place a system to monitor,
waste, water and other raw material external accreditation.However, there is
measure, analyse and evaluate
use, depending on the organisation’s no requirement for this.
environmental performance. Again,
activities and its key impacts and spend. In conclusion, if your organisation
depending on the size and nature of
Phase 2 – Ensure compliance the organisation, any system can be wants to implement a structured
Phase two consists of three stages simple or much more complex. But management system but feel it is a
and involves identifying all applicable ultimately, the ethos of continual daunting task, then it is recommended
compliance obligations. ISO 14001:2015 improvement means that it must to consider this phased approach.

March 2018 Safety Management 39


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— header
Page
Events calendar

The British Safety Council is


running a free conference at
the Health & Safety Event at the
NEC Birmingham on 10-12 April.

Event round-up

Free seminars
at the NEC
Health &
Safety Event

The health and safety challenges


associated with a rapidly changing
Visitors to the free Health & Safety Event will also gain access to two co-located exhibitions.
world of work and the growing
importance of workforce wellbeing
wellbeing and performance at work. He changing work patterns. Sean Elson,
are just some of the subjects
will also provide tips on how to integrate partner at Pinsent Masons, will chair a
to be explored at the British
this into a worker wellbeing programme. panel discussion exploring some of the
Safety Council’s conference at
Rob Pugh, senior auditor at the key themes arising from the report.
the free Health & Safety Event in
British Safety Council, will close the first The second day will end with a talk
Birmingham on 10-12 April.
day with a presentation on preparing by Kevin Hard, development director at
The British Safety Council is the
for the transition to the new ISO safety culture and employee engagement
exhibition’s official education partner
45001 international health and safety consultancy RyderMarsh OCAID, on
and has arranged for experts to provide
management standard. Rob will explore establishing an engagement culture for
insight and commentary on a variety of
some of the key requirements of the new health, safety and welfare at work.
emerging trends around managing risks
standard and outline the differences from Day three
to workers’ health, safety and wellbeing.
Delegates visiting the Birmingham NEC the OHSAS 18001 standard. The final day will begin with Keith
event will also have free access to a Day two Scott, director of resident safety at
host of additional educational talks from The second day will kick off with a talk Camden Council, explaining how
other show partners, and two co-located by David Snowball, HSE’s director of the local authority is making a step
exhibitions – The Fire Safety Event and change in its approach to the safety
regulation, on the changing face of health
The Facilities Event. of residents following the Grenfell
and safety regulation. In light of the
Tower fire. Keith will discuss the work
Day one changing nature of work and risk, David
the council is undertaking and how
The first day of the British Safety will explore how regulation might need
it is engaging with other LAs and
Council conference will begin with to change in the future in order to remain
housing authorities to drive a national
a legal update from Chris Green, a effective and proportionate while also
conversation about the safety of
partner at Weightmans law firm. Chris maintaining the UK’s world class health
residents in multi-occupied buildings.
will review some recent health and and safety performance.
Pinsent Masons will also deliver a
safety prosecutions and consider how On day two, the law firm Pinsent
presentation on how an organisation
these might affect key legal principles Masons and the British Safety Council
can prepare for and deal with the
around the application of regulations will be jointly launching a new thought
investigation and inquest process
and sentencing guidelines. leadership paper featuring expert following a work-related fatality.
Mark Davies, director at consultancy opinion on how health and safety in
7Futures, will explain how a balanced the manufacturing industry could be
approach to nutrition, rest, work and affected by emerging trends such Register at:
relaxation can improve both personal as automation, nanotechnology and britsafe.org/events


March 2018 Safety Management 41


Events calendar

March-October 9 April – free event 10-11 April – free event

ISO 45001 Striving for Excellence Striving for Excellence


p

Workshops/Audit and Conference, Bahrain Conference, Dubai


Legislative Updates, The British Safety Council’s third
various locations annual conference in Dubai will focus
on how businesses in the Middle East
A series of workshops from the
can achieve excellent standards of
British Safety Council exploring the
health and safety management.
new international health and safety
The free-to-attend conference
management standard ISO 45001, the
will run from 09:30-14:15 on both
benefits of health and safety auditing
Tuesday 10 April and Wednesday
and updates on the latest trends in
11 April. Both days will feature the
health and safety legislation. same programme and speakers,
The events will be split into offering delegates a choice of dates
morning and afternoon sessions, to attend. The full programme is:
with the option to attend either Photograph: iStock/JohnnyGreig
• Introduction and welcome –
or both. The morning Audit and Lawrence Waterman OBE,
The British Safety Council’s
Legislative Updates will explore chairman of the British Safety
inaugural conference in Bahrain will
the benefits of health and safety Council
explore how organisations in the
auditing and the various auditing • ISO 45001 update and looking
Middle East and nearby regions can
products available from the British to the future – David Parr, head
achieve the very highest standards
Safety Council. They will also provide of health and safety management. of audit and technical services,
an update on health and safety The free-to-attend half-day British Safety Council
legislative trends and the impact of conference will feature expert • Process safety management – Ian
the revised sentencing guidelines. speakers, case studies and thought Travers, director and principal
The afternoon ISO 45001 leadership sessions designed to help consultant, Ian Travers Ltd
workshops will include details on organisations prepare for the health • Fire safety management – Keith
how to prepare for the transition and safety challenges ahead. Sillitoe, health and safety advisor,
to the new standard and the The full programme is: British Safety Council
significant changes from the • ISO 45001 update and looking • The path to HSEQ excellence –
OHSAS 18001 standard. The to the future – David Parr, head local speaker to be confirmed
workshops will also examine and of audit and technical services, • Speaker panel Q&A session –
review each of the ten clauses British Safety Council chaired by Mike Robinson,
and various sub clauses of the • Process safety management – Ian chief executive of the British
new standard. Travers, director and principal Safety Council.
The workshops will take place consultant, Ian Travers Ltd The conference will take place at
• Fire safety management – Keith the Shangri-La Hotel in Dubai, and
on 20 March (London); 26 April
Sillitoe, health and safety advisor, includes a networking lunch.
(Birmingham); 21 June (Glasgow);
British Safety Council Places are limited to two guests
20 September (Manchester) and 11
• The path to HSEQ excellence per organisation, and are subject
October (London). The events are
– Hafedh Al-Qassab, general to availability.
open to both British Safety Council
manager refining, Bahrain
members and non-members.
Petroleum Company (Bapco)
The Audit and Legislative Update Book your place at:
• Speaker panel Q&A session –
morning sessions are free-to-attend britsafe.org/events
chaired by Mike Robinson,
for British Safety Council members. chief executive of the British
The fee for the ISO 45001 afternoon Safety Council. 10-12 April – free event
workshop is £60.00 + VAT for The conference will take place from
British Safety Council members. 09:30-14:00 at the InterContinental The Health & Safety
For non-members, delegate Regency Hotel in Manama, Bahrain,
fees apply to both sessions, with and includes a networking lunch.
Event, Birmingham
a sliding price scale depending Places are limited to two guests Free exhibition featuring a
on attendance in the morning, per organisation, and are subject conference programme organised
afternoon or both. to availability. by the British Safety Council.

Book your place at: Book your place at: To register go to:
britsafe.org/events britsafe.org/events britsafe.org/events

42 Safety Management March 2018


Events calendar

27 April 24 May 12-13 September – free event

60th International Future of Work and Health & Safety


Safety Awards Gala Risk Conference, Scotland, Glasgow
Dinner, London Bristol Free to attend health and safety
exhibition at the SEC Glasgow
This one-day British Safety
featuring a full conference
Council conference will explore
programme organised by the British
the changing nature of work and
Safety Council.
the positive and negative impacts
As the event’s official education
this might have on workers’ health, partner, the British Safety Council
safety and wellbeing. will be arranging for experts to
The conference will draw on the deliver free presentations on topical
findings of the newly published issues around the management of
British Safety Council literature risks to occupational health, safety
review, Future risk: Impact of work and welfare. The full programme will
on health, safety and wellbeing. be announced in due course.
The report, drawn up by British Safety Council staff will
A black tie Gala Dinner celebrating RobertsonCooper, explores be on hand in the exhibition hall to
the achievements of the winners how developments such as new explain the benefits of our full range
of the 2018 International Safety technology, changing forms of health, safety and environmental
Awards, who will be publicly of employment and an ageing products and services for
announced on 12 March. workforce could affect the health, businesses and individuals.
The Gala Dinner will take place at
safety and wellbeing of workers (see
the famous Grosvenor House Hotel
p21 for more details).
in London’s Mayfair on 27 April For more information see:
The conference will bring
and will bring together hundreds britsafe.org/events
together leading commentators
of individuals and businesses from
and thought leaders to review these
around the globe. The compère
changes and what can be done 9-10 October – free event
will be the Reverend Richard Coles,
to keep workers healthy and our
Church of England priest and former
contestant on the hit BBC1 television
economy productive, now and in Health & Safety
show Strictly Come Dancing. the future. North, Manchester
The evening is open both to the Topics to be covered include
winners of the International Safety emerging risks; technology Free to attend health and
Awards and any organisation or transformation; the changing safety exhibition at EventCity
individual wishing to celebrate nature of employment; the future in Manchester featuring a full
commitment to good health and of regulation; thriving at work; conference programme organised
safety practice and network with and potential shifts in the political by the British Safety Council.
like-minded people and businesses. landscape around the management The British Safety Council will
The Gala Dinner will feature the of future risks to workers’ health, arrange for experts to deliver free
formal presentation of the awards, safety and welfare. talks on a variety of legal, policy
the official awards presentation The conference will take place at and best practice issues around the
photographs, a three-course fine the Bristol Marriott City Centre Hotel management of health and safety
dining experience and a night of live risks at work. British Safety Council
from 09:30-15:30.
entertainment and dancing. staff will be available to explain the
The winners of the Sector Awards Early bird offer benefits of our health, safety and
for outstanding sites and businesses Delegates who book their places by environmental products and services.
within the 2018 International Safety midnight on Friday 6 April will enjoy
Awards; the 2018 Health and Safety a special booking rate of £125.00
For more information see:
Champion and Young Health and + VAT for British Safety Council
britsafe.org/events
Safety champion; and the new members and £145.00 + VAT for
Employee Wellbeing Initiative non-members. After this, places
and Health and Safety Innovation cost £155.00 + VAT for British Safety
awards, will also be announced and Council members and £180.00 + Attendance may attract continuing
professional development credits.
presented on the night. VAT for non-members.

Full details of all British Safety


Book your place at: Book your place at:
Council events can be found at:
britsafe.org/isa2018 britsafe.org/events
britsafe.org/events

March 2018 Safety Management 43



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Traditional respirator fit testing manufacturer HAIX to keep their feet dry,
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to perform a particle count. If there Mid Boots from HAIX for his team in
are insufficient particles in the air, the 2016. Following 10 months of wear,
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Safety systems designed both to
generate salt fog to create the particles the boots waterproof and reported the
significantly speed up and cut the
needed to complete the test. fit and comfort of this style as good or
cost of working at height have won
However, Quantifit instead uses very good. Overall, 90% said the boots
investment from well-known business
controlled negative pressure (CNP) with were better or significantly better than
tycoons after featuring on the BBC
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his Stronghold and Sashmate systems
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in an episode aired on 28 January 2018.
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Stronghold is a mobile anchor point
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and barrier system that avoids the need
Quantifit’s use of CNP with air also the boot’s weight was good or very
for costly scaffolding or other forms of
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external access equipment. Lightweight
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44 Safety Management March 2018


Products and services

Hear this Take 5 – working at height


JSP has expanded its Sonis range of
ear defenders with the introduction of Higher and higher Step up
four ‘extra visibility’ models designed
to make the wearer easier to see in
poor lighting conditions or potentially
hazardous environments, such as
construction, highways and aviation.
The High Visibility ear defenders
offer a wide spread of noise
attenuation, with SNR (single number
rating) values between 27 and 37.
This makes it easier to select the An aluminium stepladder featuring
appropriate model to match the user’s treads and a platform with the highest
noise protection requirements, while anti-slip rating has been launched by
the SNR of 37 is the market-leading Zarges. The R13:
noise attenuation for an ear defender. • Is lightweight and sturdy
The defenders’ headband has a • Has a platform measuring 300mm
reflective branded outer layer and by 250mm
bright colour coded caps to aid wearer • Features wear-resistant stiles
visibility. The cups can also be coloured • Complies with the new European
to meet a corporate identity and standard for ladders, EN 131-1 and 2.
printed with a company logo.

Access equipment hire specialist


Facelift has expanded its fleet of
zarges.com/uk
mobile elevated work platforms with
the introduction of 10 self-propelled Game on
vertical masts suitable for use inside
UTN Training has trained employees
buildings and in narrow areas such as
from the Hampshire distribution centre
warehouses and supermarkets. The
of retailer Game on the safe operation
Dingli AMWP 11.5-8100 masts:
of mobile elevating work platforms.
• Are battery-powered and fume-free
UTN’s IPAF MEWP Operator training:
• Fit through a standard doorway
• Consists of theory and practical
• Have a working height of 11.2m.
jsp.co.uk training to enable operators to
manoeuvre, drive and position
facelift.co.uk MEWPs safely and proficiently
Clean up • Can be delivered either at a
Arco has published a catalogue customer’s own premises (subject
featuring its full range of cleaning
Don’t fall for it to site requirements) or at one of
and hygiene products for removing Honeywell has launched a range of UTN’s depots throughout the UK.
self-retracting lifelines (SRLs) that
contamination and germs from
protect the wearer from injury in the
surfaces such as floors and walls.
event of them falling over an edge, utntraining.co.uk
The 128-page catalogue lists the
such as the edge of a roof. The Miller
latest cleaning and hygiene products,
both from Arco’s own range and
Falcon Edge SRL series: Reach for the stars
• Features a galvanised steel or
leading specialist brands. New lines A truck-mounted height-extendable
stainless steel cable lifeline that
include easy-to-use mobile pressure work platform from hire company
remains intact if the wearer falls
washers from Nilfisk; and Snap N’ Dose Wilson Access has been used to safely
over an edge
Pro, a range of safe and sustainable inspect the floodlights at Wakefield
• Can support user weights of up to
dosing chemicals from Diversey, which Trinity Wildcats rugby stadium in West
136kg
are environmentally friendly by design. Yorkshire. The Palfinger truck mount:
• Is available in cable lengths
Arco also offers customers a free, • Provided access to the floodlights
ranging from 6-18m
on-site service, providing advice about • Features an integrated shock- from the car park and street via
potential skin problems caused by absorber that can be mounted its extendable boom, avoiding the
cleaning chemicals and recommending overhead, horizontally or vertically. need to drive onto the pitch.
the correct cleaning products to use.

honeywellsafety.com wilsonaccess.co.uk
arco.co.uk/catrequest

March 2018 Safety Management 45


— header
Page
Questions & answers

Our experts answer


questions on the use of Subscribe to the information
leaning ladders and the health and advice package for access
and safety law poster. to our adviceline:
T 0870 163 0023
E information@britsafe.org

? What guidelines are available on the selection and use of


leaning ladders ? What are the rules
regarding displaying the
‘health and safety law’ poster

the appropriate choice of equipment.


However, as a general guide, HSE says if By law, all UK employers must either
the task will involve staying up a leaning display a copy of HSE’s approved
ladder or stepladder for more than 30 ‘Health and safety law: What you
minutes at a time, employers should need to know’ poster, or provide
consider using alternative equipment. each worker with a copy of the
Also, ladders should only be used in equivalent leaflet or pocket card.
situations where they can be deployed The poster outlines essential UK
safely – for example, where they will be health and safety laws and provides
level and stable, and where they can be workers with information on the key
secured, where necessary. steps employers must take to protect
HSE’s guidance on ladders includes their health, safety and welfare at work.
a variety of tips for their safe use. For It also sets out workers’ own legal
Photograph: iStock/Spiderstock
leaning ladders, this includes: responsibilities to act in a safe fashion
HSE says ladders can be a sensible • Only carrying light materials and tools and without posing risks to others.
and practical option for low-risk, • Never overreaching – the worker’s
If an employer decides to use the
short-duration tasks – providing belt buckle area (navel) should stay
poster it must be displayed on all
the employer’s risk assessment for within the stiles
business premises and in locations
work at height shows they are an • Placing the ladder at a 75° angle (i.e.
where workers can easily read it. The
appropriate choice, the correct type one unit out for every four units up)
poster contains optional boxes where
of ladder is used and workers are • Never working off the top three rungs
details of any worker health and safety
competent in their use. • Ensuring the ladder extends at least
representatives and other health and
Specifically, the Work at Height 1m above the work position
safety contacts can be added, though
Regulations 2005 state ladders can • Maintaining three points of contact
there is no legal requirement to do so.
be used for work at height when a (i.e. a hand and two feet) when
In 2009 a new version of the poster
risk assessment has shown the use of climbing and wherever possible
was launched, and employers were
equipment offering a higher level of fall at the work position
protection is not justified because of • Resting the ladder against a required to replace their old posters
the low risk and short duration of use; strong surface. with the new edition by 5 April 2014.
or there are existing workplace features Leaning ladders should, where it is The poster was redesigned to make
which cannot be altered. reasonably practicable, be secured to it more readable and engaging. The
Therefore, employers should firstly prevent them slipping. previous duty to add the contact details
assess the risks associated with work Ways of achieving this include tying of the relevant enforcing authority and
at height – taking into account factors both of the ladder’s stiles to a suitable Employment Medical Advisory Service
such as the height of the task; its point; or, if this is not practical, using an to the poster was also scrapped and
duration and frequency; the condition effective ladder stability device. If in turn instead, the poster now directs readers
of the surface being worked on; and this proves impractical, the ladder should to HSE’s website.
the possible impact of any weather be securely wedged – for example, The poster can be purchased from
conditions on workers’ safety. They against a wall – or, as a last resort, the HSE and copies of the leaflet and
should then organise and plan the work ladder could be ‘footed’ by a colleague pocket card can either be purchased in
so it is carried out safely by competent placing a strong foot on the lower rung printed packs or freely downloaded.
people, using the most suitable and holding it firmly with both hands.
equipment for the task and situation.
HSE says the duration of the work For details see:
should not be the deciding factor More guidance is at: hse.gov.uk/pubns/books/
when considering whether a ladder is hse.gov.uk/work-at-height lawposter.htm

46 Safety Management March 2018


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Reach your clients
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— header
Page
Info update

The latest health & safety advice,


information and resources, HSE publications are
including a health and safety available from:
‘stand down’ event for the hse.gov.uk
construction industry.

Construction ‘stand- “beneficial changes” around some key document and website, participating
health, safety and welfare issues over the firms are expected to sign up to “realistic
down’ event in April coming year, and to discuss their plans and deliverable” commitments around
for improvement in these areas with all both mental health and plant safety.
workers during a dedicated ‘stand-down’ However, it is “up to each
session during normal working time. organisation to decide what...
The initiative was developed by commitments it will make”, and while
a group of leading construction the organisers hope companies will
contractors and customers with make a commitment in both categories,
financial support from the Construction it recognises “this may not be relevant
Industry Training Board (CITB). for every organisation”.
According to the organisers, the 2017 They add: “The model has been
event saw more than 60,000 workers developed with flexibility to allow each
at more than 1,000 sites, offices and organisation to decide on commitments
production facilities in the construction that are aligned with the nature of their
infrastructure sector stop work for business, their individual priorities and
“focussed discussions” on issues such risks, and their current level of maturity
Free resources have been made in relation to each of the topic areas.”
as mental health, fatigue, plant safety
available to allow employers in the UK’s However, the organisers stress that
and respiratory hazards.
construction, maintenance and related any ‘stand down’ event or discussion
For 2018, the initiative has been
industries to take part in this year’s ‘Stop. should take place during normal working
extended to target the entire UK
Make a Change’ occupational health, time, rather than during rest breaks.
construction and maintenance industry –
safety and wellbeing initiative. As well as the briefing document, the
including designers, consultants, material
First carried out in April 2017, resources include a draft commitments
suppliers and product manufacturers. It
‘Stop. Make A Change’ encourages form, and links to guidance materials
will now focus on just two issues, mental
all companies in the construction on mental health and plant safety
health and the safe movement of plant.
from organisations such as the CITB’s
industry to stop work to allow all The campaign will also take place
Fairness, Inclusion and Respect in
employees, contractors and suppliers across a two-week period from 16-27
construction campaign, HSE, Mates in
to discuss some of the key health, April, rather than a single day as before,
Mind and Network Rail.
safety and wellbeing challenges after some participating organisations
facing the sector and how they can be reported difficulties in standing down
overcome. Participating companies their entire workforce at once. The campaign is at:
are also expected to commit to making According to the campaign’s briefing s topmakeachange.co.uk

Excavator guidance New guidance on the safe use of The second guide provides advice on
excavators for lifting operations the safe use of suction and vacuum
and suction and vacuum excavator excavators, a relatively new technology
plant in the construction and allied that uses pressure from a fan or pump
industries have been published by the to loosen and excavate soil from the
Construction Plant-hire Association. ground and transfer it into a hopper.
Developed by the Strategic Forum This booklet covers topics such as the
Plant Safety Group with the support selection and operation of the machines,
of HSE and others, the revised ‘Lifting dealing with blockages and the clean-
Operations With 180⁰ and 360⁰ up procedures to follow if hazardous
Excavators’ Good Practice Guide explains materials – particularly asbestos-based
the precautions to follow when using materials – are drawn into the machine.
360⁰ tracked and wheeled excavators
and 180⁰ excavators/backhoe loaders to The guides can be found at:
lift suspended loads, rather than using cpa.uk.net/savepublications
lifting equipment such as cranes. cpa.uk.net/sfpsgpublications

48 Safety Management March 2018


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