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Chloe Whitaker

Mr. Miles Pre-AP English 10H

Deforestation Research Project

17 January 2018

Deforestation Research Project

Citation:

Cesareo, Kerry. “Deforestation.” World Wildlife Fund, WebMD,

https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/deforestation. Accessed 16 January 2018.

Summary: Editorial Article #1

In this article, written by Kerry Cesareo, from the organization World Wildlife Fund, she explains what

the concept “deforestation” can entail-- fires, clear-cutting for agriculture, ranching and development,

logging for timber, and degradation due to climate change. Cesareo also describes the causes, impacts,

and what her program is currently doing to prevent the idea of deforestation. Her organization believes

that this idea can occur quickly, such as when a fire occurs, possibly in slash/burn agriculture, and

gradually as a result of forest degradation and climate change. Throughout this article, she gives a

variety of facts and information detailing about places, such as Brazil, where deforestation exists more

heavily, and places like Sumatra’s province of Riau, where natural forests are being monitored to avoid

this issue. Deforestation increases greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, disrupts water cycles and

livelihoods, and increases soil erosion.

Solution:

World Wildlife Fund is working to manage the remaining forests around the world,

increasing reforestation efforts, and maintaining the integrity of the protected areas. This
organization is trying to create something bigger, trying to unite a group to work together to end

this concept called deforestation. While simultaneously trying to unite others, World Wildlife

Fund is trying to stop illegal logging, promote sustainable bioenergy, and offsetting carbon

emissions from forests. They explain that half of the trees that are illegally removed are used for

fuel, and this is one major reason they stress sustainable bioenergy, to overall bring down the

climate change that is such a big negative result of deforestation.

Citation:

N/A. “Deforestation.” National Geographic, Jan. 2007,

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/deforestation/. Accessed 16

January 2018.

Summary: Scientific Article #1

This article of National Geographic stresses the fact that the biggest driver of

deforestation is agriculture. Farmers cut down trees and forests to make more room to grow their

crops or for their grazing livestock. In most situations, small farmers will use slash and burn

agriculture by cutting down acres of trees and burning them to make more room for their crops.

This article also explains the effects of deforestation. Eighty percent of Earth’s land animals and

plants live in forests, and they are unable to live through deforestation, therefore deforestation

can have a negative impact causing a decline in populations. National Geographic touches on the

fact that climate change and greenhouse gases increase when deforestation occurs. Trees are

necessary to live for humans due to resources and climate change, and they are also necessary for

all the animals/creatures who use those trees as a habitat.

Solution:
Another solution to this problem is to first, manage the forests we still have left before we

begin to recover the forests we’ve lost. They say that we should work to maintain and watch

these forests to avoid this problem of deforestation from ruining all that we have left. This article

goes into detail about how we should manage our forest resources by eliminating clear-cutting to

maintain the life forms and trees that make up these well-needed forests. They also go on to

explain that the number of trees getting cut down should be balanced to the number of trees that

get replanted. The number of new trees being planted each year is growing, but their total is still

not equal to the trees being cut down. They stress the importance of shutting down illegal

logging to end deforestation.

Citation:

Vidal, John. “We Are Destroying Rainforests So Quickly They May Be Gone In 100 Years.” The

Guardian, 23 Jan 2017, https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-

network/2017/jan/23/destroying-rainforests-quickly-gone-100-years-deforestation.

Accessed 16 January 2018.

Summary: Editorial Article #2

This article emphasized more of the effects of deforestation on climate change and their

opinion on the future if we continue destroying our forests along with our resources. “As fast as

the trees go, the chance of slowing or reversing climate change becomes slimmer,” says The

Guardian. This article also happens to touch on levels of the economy in regards to deforestation

in tropical areas of the world. It explains that deforestation happens to occur most commonly in

tropical regions, but it so happens to be that countries with tropical rainforests are some of the

poorest in the world. Throughout the article, it gives real examples of wealthier countries
offering to help pay and support the lower income countries to end deforestation and restore the

world’s resources. This article also says: “In addition, a new UN-backed mechanism called Redd

(reduced emission from deforestation and forest degradation) has been initiated that involves rich

countries paying countries to protect forests and the carbon stored within them.”

Solution:

In regards to the specific talked about throughout this article, a solution to deforestation

would be to support and come together as a people. Not only a group of people in a country, but

rather as a world. Recently, our world has been experiencing violence and countless issues. The

solution is simple, world peace, yet in our day, with the hatred and issues we face, the solution

seems near impossible. Collaboration of one people, one group, one world could truly solve all

problems we face, but specifically deforestation and climate change. Wealthier countries need to

help and poor countries need to accept their help as well as cooperate. “Protecting the forests

now depends on rich governments not ducking their responsibilities and playing their part,”

explains The Guardian.

Citation:

Bradford, Alina. “Deforestation: Facts, Causes, & Effects.” Live Science, 2015, https://www.

livescience.com/27692-deforestation.html. Accessed 16 January 2018.

Summary: Scientific Article #2

This article claims deforestation to be the “permanent destruction of forests.” They share

many fascinating statistics such as that about half of the world’s tropical forests have been

cleared due to deforestation and also that it has increased dramatically within the last 50 years.

Location plays a big role in how many trees are cut down depending on how badly a resource is
in demand and how many crops a farmer needs to grow. The most common causes of

deforestation are to be used as fuel, for housing space, to harvest timber for paper/homes etc., to

create ingredients in high demand, or to make room for cattle ranching. This article, similar to

the others, talked about climate change as well. It explained that as we lose more forests to

deforestation, greenhouse gases increase due to the fact that trees take in those gases, keeping

our air and ozone layer clean with oxygen only. It then goes on to explain that deforestation has

other effects as well such as loss of species, water cycle, soil erosion, and life quality.

Solution:

This article makes very valid points when it comes to correct solutions of deforestation

and climate change, which go hand in hand. We can replant all the trees that have ever been cut

down, and though it would help a lot, it would not fix all of the problems. We have emitted too

much carbon dioxide throughout the years from fossil fuels and other things for the trees to be

able to take in at once. It is still a necessity to watch ourselves when it comes to pollution and

helping the Earth. Michael Daley, a professor of environmental science at Lasell College, said,

“Unfortunately, we have already diminished the population of many species to such an extreme

that they might not recover, even with a massive reforestation effort.” We, as a population, need

to be better if we want to keep Earth as our home in the future, so this is a valid point because

reforestation, alone, cannot save us from the problem of deforestation.