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MCQ of Basic Electrical


1.The terminals across the source are .......... if a current source is to be neglected.

Open-circuited
b) Short-circuited
c) Replaced by a capacitor
d) Replaced by a source resistance

2.An active element in a circuit is

Current source
b) Resistance
c) Inductance
d) Capacitance

3. A bilateral element is

a) Resistor
b) Inductor
c) Capacitor
All of these

4.The circuit having same properties in either direction is called

Bilateral circuit
b) Unilateral circuit
c) Irreversible circuit
d) Reversible circuit

5. Kirchhoff’s laws are valid for


a) Liner circuits only
b) Passive time-invariant circuits
c) Non-linear circuits only
Both linear and non-liner circuits

6. Kirchhoff’s laws are not applicable to circuits with

Distributed parameters
b) Lumped parameters
c) Passive elements
d) Non-liner resistances

7. Kirchhoff’s current law is applicable only to

a) Electric circuits
b) Electronic circuits
Junctions in a network
d) Closed loops in a network

8. Kirchhoff’s voltage law is concerned with

a) IR drop
b) Battery emfs
Both (a) and (b)
d) None of these

9. According to Kirchhoff’s voltage law, the algebraic sum of all IR drops and emfs in any
closed loop of a network is always

a) Negative
b) Positive
Zero
d) Determined by emfs of the batteries

10. The algebraic sign of an IR drop primarily depends upon the

Direction of flow of current


b) Battery connections
c) Magnitude of current flowing trough it
d) Value of resistance

MCQ of Basic Electrical page-


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11. Maxwell circulating current theorem

Utilizes Kirchhoff’s voltage law


b) Utilizes Kirchhoff’s current law
c) Is a network reduction method
d) Is confined to single loop circuits

12. The insulation on a current carrying conductor is provided to prevent

a) Current leakage
Shock
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of these

13. EMF of a zinc-carbon cell is about

a) 1.2 V
1.5 V
c) 1.75 V
d) 2.2 V

14. The emf of primary cell depends upon the

a) Physical dimensions of cell


b) Nature of electrolyte
c) Both (a) and (c)
None of these

15. The internal voltage drop of a voltage source


a) Is independent of load current supplied
Depends upon internal resistance of the source
c) Does not influence the terminal voltage
d) Does affect the emf of the source

16. A voltage source of emf E volts and internal resistance r ohms will supply, on short circuit, a
current of

E/r amperes
b) zero
c) Infinite
d) E× r amperes

17. When two batteries of unequal voltages are connected in parallel, the emf of the combination
will be equal to the

Emf of the large battery


b) Emf of the small battery
c) Average of the emf of two batteries
d) None of these

18. At the center of a current carrying single turn circular loop, magnetic field is

B = μl/2R
b) μl/(.2 πR)
c) B = μl/(4πR^2 )
d) None of these

19. The magnitude of force acting on current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field is
independent of

a) Flux density.
b) Length of the conductor.
Cross-sectional area of the conductor.
d) Current flowing through the conductor.

20. The direction of mechanical force experienced on a current carrying conductor placed in a
magnetic field is determined by
Fleming’s left-hand rule.
b) Fleming’s right-hand rule.
c) Helix rule.
d) Corkscrew rule.

21.In Fleming’s left-hand rule thumb always represents direction of

a) Current flow
b) Induced emf
c) Magnetic field
Mechanical force

22. If a current carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, the mechanical force
experienced on the conductor is determined by

a) Simple product
b) Dot product
Cross product
d) Any of these

23. The force experienced by a current carrying conductor lying parallel to a magnetic field is

Zero
b) B І 𝑙
c) B І 𝑙 sin⁡θ
d) B І 𝑙 cos⁡θ

24. An electric field is parallel but opposite to a magnetic field. Electrons with some initial
velocity enter the region of the fields at an angle θ along the direction of the electric field. The
electron path will be

a) Straight
Helical
c) Circular
d) Elliptical

25. The field at any point on the axis of a current carrying coil will be
a) Perpendicular to the axis.
Parallel to the axis.
c) At an angle of 45° with the axis.
d) Zero.

26.The magnetic flux inside the exciting coil

Is the same as on its outer surface.


b) Is zero.
c) Is greater than that on its outside surface.
d) Is lower than that on its outside surface.

27. If the two conductors carry current in opposite directions there will be

a) A force of attraction between the two conductors.


A force of repulsion between the two conductors.
c) No force between them.
d) None of these

28. If a straight conductor of circular cross-section carries a current, them

a) No force acts on the conductor at any point.


b) An axial force acts on the conductor tending to increase its length.
A radial force acts towards the axis tending to reduce its cross-section.
d) A radial force acts away from the axis tending to increase its cross-section.

29. mmf of the magnetic circuit is analogous to

a) Current
Emf
c) Resistance
d) Power

30. Unit of reluctance of magnetic circuit is

a) AT/m
b) Webers/m
AT/weber
d) H/m.

31. Property of a material which opposes the production of magnetic flux in it is called

a) mmf
reluctance
c) permeance
d) Permittivity

32. Unit of mmf is

AT
b) Weber/ampere
c) Henry
d) AT/m

33. Conductance is analogous to

a) Reluctance
b) M.m.f
Permeance
d) Inductance

34. An air gap is usually inserted in magnetic circuits to

Prevent saturation.
b) Increase in mmf.
c) Increase in flux.
d) Increase in inductance.

35. Permeability is reciprocal of

Reluctivity
b) Susceptibility
c) Permittivity
d) Conductivity
36. The magnetic reluctance of a magnetic circuit decreases with

a) Decrease in cross-sectional area.


Increase in cross-sectional area.
c) Increase in length of the magnetic path.
d) Decrease in relative permeability of the magnetic material of the circuit.

37. A ring-shaped coil with fixed number of turns of it carries a current of certain magnitude. If
an iron core is threaded into the coil without any change in coil dimensions, the magnetic
induction density will

Increase
b) Reduce
c) remain unaffected
d) unpredictable

38. The ratio of total flux (flux in the iron path) to useful flux (flux in the air gap) is called

a) utilization factor
b) fringing factor
leakage factor
d) depreciation factor

39. According to Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, an emf is induced in a conductor


whenever it

a) lies in a magnetic field.


b) Lies perpendicular to the magnetic field.
Cuts the magnetic flux.
d) Moves parallel to the direction of magnetic field.

40. “In all cases of electromagnetic induction, an induced voltage will cause a current to flow in
a closed circuit in such a direction that the magnetic field which is caused by that current will
oppose the change that produces the current”, is the original statement of

Lenz’s law.
b) Faraday’s law of magnetic induction.
c) Fleming’s law of induction.
d) Ampere’s law.

41. The emf induced in a coil due to relative motion of a magnet is independent of

Coil resistance
b) Magnet not visible
c) Number of coil turns.
d) Pole strength of the magnet.

42. When a single turn coil rotates in a uniform magnetic field, at uniform speed the induced emf
will be

Alternating
b) Steady
c) Pulsating
d) None of these

43. Principle of dynamically induced emf is used in a

a) Choke
b) Transformer
Generator
d) Thermo-couple

44. The direction of dynamically induced emf in a conductor can be determined by

a) Fleming’s left-hand rule.


Fleming’s right-hand rule.
c) Helix rule.
d) Corkscrew rule.

45. Principle of statically induced emf is used in

Transformer
b) Motor
c) Generator
d) Battery

46. Magnitude of statically induced emf depends on the

a) Coil resistance
b) Flux magnitude
Rate of change of flux
d) None of these

47. The property of a coil by which a counter emf is induced in it, when the current through the
coil changes, is called

Self inductance
b) Mutual inductance
c) Capacitance
d) None of these

48. If in an iron cored coil the iron core is removed so as to make the air-cored coil, the
inductance of the coil will be

a) More
Less
c) The same
d) None of these

49. Lower the self-inductance of a coil

a) More will be the weber-turns.


b) More will be the emf induced.
c) Lesser the flux produced by it.
Smaller the delay in establishing steady current through it.

50. When an electric current is passed through a bucket full of water, lot of bubbling is there.
The electric current is

a) Ac.
Dc.
c) Pulsating
d) None of these