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Reg. No.

Regulations 2008

Fourth Semester

( Common to PTEC 2251 Electronics Circuits-II for B.E.(Part -Time) Third

Semester ECE - Regulations 2009)

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m Maximum: 100 marks

Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

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1. What i s ‘return ratio’ of a feedback ampliﬁer?

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2. Draw the block diagram of voltage shunt feedback ampliﬁer and write the

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expressions for its input and output resistances.

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3. State the essential conditions for maintaining oscillations.

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4. A tuned collector oscillator in a radio receiver has a ﬁxed inductance of 60 µH and

has to be tunable over the frequency band of 400 KHz to 1200 KHz. Find the

range of variable capacitor to be used.

100pF. Find the resonant frequency.

9. Draw the equivalent circuit of a pulse transformer. Name the various elements in

it.

10. Sketch and deﬁne the ‘displacement error’ of a voltage sweep waveform.

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Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) (i) Draw the block diagram of feedback ampliﬁer and discuss the eﬀect of

negative feedback with respect to closed loop gain, bandwidth and

distortion. (10)

(ii) An ampliﬁer has a mid band gain of 125 and a bandwidth 250 kHz. If

4% negative feedback is introduced, ﬁnd the new bandwidth and gain. If

the bandwidth is to be restricted to 1 MHz, ﬁnd the feedback ratio. (6)

OR

11. (b) (i) With a neat circuit diagram, explain which type of feedback is employed

in a BJT-emitter follower and obtain the expressions for AV , AI , Ri & R0 .

(8)

(ii) The voltage shunt feedback ampliﬁer has the following values of circuit

parameters. Rs = 600Ω, hie = 5kΩ, hf e = 80, RL = 2kΩ, RB = 40kΩ.

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Calculate Av , Rif , Avf , Rof and Rof . (8)

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12. (a) (i) Draw the circuit of Wein bridge oscillator using BJT. Show that the gain

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of the ampliﬁer must be atleast 3 for the oscillation to occur. (10)

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(ii) In a certain oscillator circuit, the gain of the ampliﬁer is

−16 × 10

jω

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and

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the feedback factor of the feedback network is

[2 × 108 + jω]2

. Verify

the Barkhausen criterion for the sustained oscillations. Also ﬁnd the

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frequency at which the circuit will oscillate. (6)

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OR

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12. (b) (i) With the help of neat circuit diagrams, explain the operation of the

following oscillators. Also explain how the frequency is found out i n each

case.

(1) Clapp oscillator (6)

(2) Miller crystal oscillator (6)

(ii) The equivalent circuit of a crystal has the values of L = 0.7 H, C =

0.01 pF, R = 1000 Ω and Cm = 2 pF. Calculate Series resonant frequency,

Parallel resonant frequency and Quality factor of the crystal. (4)

13. (a) (i) Draw the equivalent circuit of a single-tuned ampliﬁer and derive the

expression for the gain as a function of frequency.

(8)

2 55332

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(ii) The drain circuit of a FET tuned radio frequency ampliﬁer has a 100 pF

capacitor placed i n parallel with an inductor L, whose unloaded Q-factor

is 100. If the frequency of resonance is 1 MHz and the transistor output

resistance is 20 kΩ, calculate the loaded Q-factor, inductance and loaded

bandwidth. (8)

OR

13. (b) (i) Draw the circuit of class C tuned ampliﬁer and explain its operation with

relevant waveforms. (8)

(ii) Explain, with necessary circuits, (1) Hazeltine neutralization and (2) Coil

neutralization. (8)

14. (a) (i) Describe the response of low pass RC circuit for step and square wave

input. Sketch the circuits and wave forms. (6)

(ii) Explain, with suitable circuit and wave forms, the operation of positive

and negative clampers. (6)

(iii) Explain how RC circuit is used as diﬀerentiator. (4)

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14. (b) (i) Draw the circuit of a Schmitt trigger. Explain its operation with

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necessary wave forms and hysteresis diagram. Obtain the expressions for

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LTP and UTP.

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(ii) Discuss, with necessary diagrams, the working of a self-biased bistable

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(8)

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multivibrator which uses transistors. (8)

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15. (a) With necessary circuit diagram, equivalent circuit, equations and wave-form

diagrams, explain the working of

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(1) Monostable blocking oscillator with base timing.

(2) Monostable blocking oscillator with emitter timing.

OR

(8)

(8)

15. (b) (i) Design a UJT relaxation oscillator to generate a saw tooth wave form at

a frequency of 500 Hz. Assume the supply voltage VBB = 20 V, VP = 2.9

V, VV = 1.118 V, IP = 1.6 mA and IV = 3.5 mA. State further

assumptions made, if any. Sketch the circuit designed. (8)

(ii) Sketch a current time base circuit and explain its working with the help

of relevant waveforms. (8)

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