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THERMOCOUPLE

CABLES

then the EMF value will depend solely on the temperature of the Measuring (or hot) Junction. The phenomenon described above is fundamental to understand the thermoelectricity and its applications to measurement of temperature it’s called See beck Effect. Let’s consider two materials. the other extremity. Extension and Compensating cables Extension and compensating cables shall have temperature-EMF characteristics similar to the thermocouple with which they should be connected to transfer signals from the Measuring (or hot) Junction to the Reference (or cold) Junction. Extension cables comprise conductors with the same nominal composition as the corresponding thermocouple. the extremity at which the thermo elements are joined is called Measuring (or hot) Junction. an electromotive force (emf) is generated by the temperature gradient. If the temperature of the Reference (or cold) Junction. Elements A and B that make up a thermocouple are denominated Thermo elements. In the configuration of a thermocouple. The EMF value depends on the type of material and the temperature gradient. In each one an electromotive force will result. generically denominated A and B. which is what creates the sensor known as thermocouple or thermoelectric couple. which causes a redistribution of the electrons through the conductor. In case of a homogeneous material the EMF value depends solely on the difference of temperature between the extremities.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES THERMOELECTRICITY When a metallic conductor is exposed to a difference of temperature between the two extremities. compensating cables comprise conductors with different nominal composition but same temperature – EMF characteristics as the corresponding thermocouple. exposed to the same difference of temperature between their extremities. is fixed at 0°C. SOUTHERN CABLE . The EMF value depends on the material and the temperature gradient.

0 mm2 1.8 mm Ø 1.3 mm2 1.02 mm Ø 1.13 mm Ø 1.29 mm Ø 1.8 mm2 1.5 mm2 Thermocouple IEC 60584 0.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Table 1 : Table 2 : Loop Resistance at 20°C (nominal value in Ω/km) Conductor material Conductor Size 0.5 mm2 0.38 mm Ø Solid Ω/km J JX 1257 769 628 483 418 T TX 1044 639 522 402 348 E EX 2493 155 1246 958 831 K KX 2039 1248 1020 785 680 K KCB 1044 639 522 402 348 K KCA 1298 794 649 499 433 SOUTHERN CABLE .

Extension cables are marked with an “X“ behind the identification letter for the thermocouple. Extension cables therefore are subject to the same accuracy limits as the thermocouples. “KX“ means that the cable is an extension cable / insulated thermocouple wire for the thermocouple type K (NiCr-Ni). The following criteria must be taken into consideration when selecting the appropriate material: chemical and mechanical resistance against the ambient conditions. Many special designs are available upon request. of the same material as the thermocouple itself. Connecting cables are divided into compensating cables and extension cables. Extension cables are connecting cables with conductors made of thermocouple material. screening etc. insulation resistance. These can again be divided into solid and stranded conductors. outside diameter. flexibility. For example. temperature range. Compensating cables are marked with a “C“ behind the identification letter for the thermocouple. Apart from that there is a large number of cable types available as compensating cables or extension cables as well as those with more than two inner conductors. Compensation cables are connecting cables with conductors made of materials which only in a limited temperature range have the same thermoelectric properties as the thermocouple itself.e. For example.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES In most cases thermocouples are connected to other processing instruments by connecting cables. SOUTHERN CABLE . most of them on a short term basis. i. The insulation of the conductors as well as of the sheaths can be made of a variety of materials. “KC“ means that the cable is a compensating cable for the thermocouple type K.

individual and/or overall static screen. Halogen-free.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc. to EN 50288-7 Common Types 300 V Extension and Compensating Cable Solid conductor pairs. Fire resistance. Flame Common Types flame retardant types retardant types 300 V 300 V 500V PVC or PVCw or PE or XLPE PE or XLPE (70°C) (105°C) (70°C) (90°C) (70°C) (90°C) Insulated/PVC-sheathed Insulated/LSOH-sheathed Non. Non- Armoured Armoured Armoured Armoured SOUTHERN CABLE .

2. on racks.30°C up to 105°C .13 mm. 1.5°C up to 50°C .02 mm.5°C up to 50°C . for direct burial » Bending radius 10 x cable Ø 3.5°C up to 50°C .8 mm. allowed for use in zone 1 and zone 2. Individual and/or Collective screen. in dry and wet locations. in conduits. armoured Technical Data Type of insulation/sheath PVC/PVC PVCw/PVCw PE/PVC XLPE/PVC Type of cabling elements Pair. 12.5°C up to 50°C 4.30°C up to 90°C » During installation . 16. 1. to EN 50288-7 Common Types 300 V Single & Multipair. trays. 1. group II (IEC 60079-14) SOUTHERN CABLE . 6.29 mm.5 x cable Ø 2. PVC-sheath » Non-Armoured » Armoured » With or without chemical protection.30°C up to 70°C . 5. Pair in Metal Foil No.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc. in dry and wet locations » Bending radius 7.30°C up to 70°C . Temperature range » During operation . Non-Armoured types SC-01 SC-02 SC-03 SC-04 » Laying Recommended for indoor and outdoor installation. in conduits. Reaction to fire » Flame propagation a) Test on single cable IEC 60332-1 b) Test on bunched cables IEC 60332-3 Application For transmission of thermoelectric voltage from measuring junction to reference junction. 20. to IEC 60584-3 / see Table 1. page ii Conductor sizes 0. 4.of cabling elements 1. 1.38 mm 1. on racks. 8. Armoured types SC-05 SC-06 SC-07 SC-08 » Laying Recommended for indoor and outdoor installation. trays. 24 Conductor material Extension or compensating material acc. 10.

THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc.75 1.29 1 x 1. EXTENSION OR COMPENSATING CABLE . . 0. to EN 50288-7 Common Types 300 V Single & Multipair. Colour see Table 1.9 mm Outer sheath PVC and PVCw resp.02 1 x 1.5 mm / 20 x 0.5 0.5 » conductor design (mm) 1 x 0.g: SOUTHERN CABLE . STANDARD . wire Ø depending on cable.6 mm plastic tape under and above screen Wrapping at least one plastic tape above cable core 2 Overall screen Aluminium/Plastic-tape over solid tinned copper drain wire 0. Screen Pair » with ind.18 mm Inner sheath -. Galvanised steel wire armouring. Individual and/or Collective screen. black Armouring -.Ø under armouring.8 1 x 1.3 1. PVC-sheath ● Non-Armoured ● Armoured ● With or without chemical protec on. RP . to IEC 60584-3 2 » cross-section (mm ) 0. 2) RATED VOLTAGE .38 Insulation materials ● Cross linked Polyethylene (XLPE) or ● Polyethylene (PE) or ● Polyvinylchloride (PVC) or ● Polyvinylchloride heat resistant PVCw 1) Cabling element » without ind. PVC and PVCw resp. LENGTH MARKING Length 1000 meter/Drum 1) Colour code of cabling elements : see Table 1 2) RP = Reduced flame propagation SOUTHERN CABLE .0 1. armoured Construction Product Type Non-Armoured Types Armoured Types Conductor Extension or compensating material acc. page ii Marking e. at least 0. Screen Pair in Metal Foil Individual screen Aluminium/Plastic-tape over solid tinned copper drain wire..13 1 x 1.

to EN 50288-7 Common Types 300 V Single & Multipair. mm 0. PVC-sheath » Non-Armoured » Armoured » With or without chemical protection. 2) ● PE / XLPE . THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc.insula on Pair max.5 Conductor resistance (Loop) max.insula on min. armoured Electrical Data at 20°C 300 V Properties Character Unit 2 Conductor sizes nom.5 0. nF/km 75 85 Pair in Metal Foil max.0 1. nF/km 115 115 Test Voltage ● Core/Core (Urms) V 1500 ● Core/Screen (Urms) V 1500 Operating voltage (Urms) max.insula on Pair max. MΩ. 2) ● PVC / PVCw . MΩ. Ω/km see Table 2. V 300 1) Values for cables with 1 element correspond to those for Pair in Metal Foi l 2) Values for cables with 2 up to 4 elements + 20% SOUTHERN CABLE . nF/km 150 160 Pair in Metal Foil max.3 1. nF/km 190 200 1).km 100 ● PE/ XLPE . page ii Insulation resistance ● PVC / PVCw .75 1. Individual and/or Collective screen.insula on min.km 5000 Mutual capacitance 1).

to EN 50288-7 Halogen-free.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc. Non- Armoured Armoured Armoured Armoured SOUTHERN CABLE . flame retardant types 300 V Extension and Compensating Cable Solid conductor pairs. Fire resistance. Halogen-free. individual and/or overall static screen. Flame Common Types flame retardant types retardant types 300 V 300 V 500V PVC or PVCw or PE or XLPE PE or XLPE (70°C) (105°C) (70°C) (90°C) (70°C) (90°C) Insulated/PVC-sheathed Insulated/LSOH-sheathed Non.

page ii 2 2 2 2 2 Conductor sizes 0.75 mm . to IEC 60584-3 / see Table 1.5 mm 1. Reaction to fire » Flame propagation a) Test on single cable IEC 60332-1 b) Test on bunched cables IEC 60332-3 » Test on gases evolved during combustion: a) amount of halogen acid gas IEC 60754-1 (0%) b) degree of acidity of gases IEC 60754-2 (pH > 4. flame retardant Types 300 V Single & Multipair. 5. 20. in dry and wet locations. in conduits. 4. trays. for direct burial » Bending radius 10 x cable Ø 3. to EN 50288-7 Halogen-free. 1. 12. allowed for use in zone 1 and zone 2. Pair in Metal Foil No. 1. Non-Armoured types SC/LSOH-01 SC/LSOH-02 » Laying Recommended for indoor and outdoor installation.5°C up to 50°C . in dry and wet locations » Bending radius 7.3. trays. Temperature range » During operation . 24 Conductor material Extension or compensating material acc. 0. 1. PVC-sheath » Non-Armoured » Armoured Technical Data Type of insulation/sheath PE/LSOH XLPE/LSOH Type of cabling elements Pair.5 x cable Ø 2.30°C up to 70°C . 6. in conduits. classified areas (IEC 60079-14) SOUTHERN CABLE .3 mm . group II.of cabling elements 1. c < 10µS/mm) Measurement of smoke density IEC 61304-2 (Light transmission > 60%) Application For transmission of thermoelectric voltage from measuring junction to reference junction. on racks.0 mm . 10. Individual and/or Collective screen.5°C up to 50°C 4. on racks. 8. Armoured types SC/LSOH-03 SC/LSOH-04 » Laying Recommended for indoor and outdoor installation. THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc. 16. 2.30°C up to 70°C » During installation .5 mm .

5 » conductor design (mm) 1 x 0. Screen Pair » with ind.5 0.3 1.9 mm Outer sheath LSOH Colour black or blue for intrinsically safe systems Marking e.38 Insulation materials ● Polyethylene (PE) or ● Cross linked Polyethylene (XLPE) or 1) Cabling element » without ind.Ø under armouring.18 mm Inner sheath -. EXTENSION OR COMPENSATING CABLE . LSOH.8 1 x 1. Screen Pair in Metal Foil Individual screen Aluminium/Plastic-tape over solid tinned copper drain wire. PVC-sheath ● Non-Armoured ● Armoured Construction Product Type Non-Armoured Types Armoured Types Conductor Extension or compensating material acc.75 1.g: SOUTHERN CABLE .0 1. LSOH .13 1 x 1. 0. STANDARD .6 mm plastic tape under and above screen Wrapping at least one plastic tape above cable core 2 Overall screen Aluminium/Plastic-tape over solid tinned copper drain wire 0. Table 1 SOUTHERN CABLE .29 1 x 1. Galvanised steel wire armouring. wire Ø depending on cable. THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc. to IEC 60584-3 2 » cross-section (mm ) 0. Individual and/or Collective screen. flame retardant Types 300 V Single & Multipair. LENGTH MARKING Length 1000 meter/Drum 1) Colour code of cabling elements : see Appendix 1. at least 0.02 1 x 1. to EN 50288-7 Halogen-free.5 mm / 20 x 0. black Armouring -. RATED VOLTAGE .

5 0.75 1.insula on min.3 1. mH/km 1 Mutual capacitance 1). Ω/km see Table 2. nF/km 115 115 Test Voltage ● Core/Core (Urms) V 1500 ● Core/Screen (Urms) V 1500 Operating voltage (Urms) max. 2) ● PE / XLPE .insula on Pair max. mm 0.THERMOCOUPLE CABLES Extension and Compensating Cable acc. V 300 1) Values for cables with 1 element correspond to those for Pai r in Metal Foil 2) Values for cables with 2 up to 4 elements + 20% SOUTHERN CABLE .5 Conductor resistance (Loop) max. nF/km 75 85 Pair in Metal Foil max.0 1. page ii Insulation resistance ● PE/ XLPE . MΩ.km 5000 Inductance max. to EN 50288-7 » Non-Armoured » Armoured Electrical Data at 20°C 300 V Properties Character Unit 2 Conductor sizes nom.