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NO SUGGESTED ANSWER MARK

(S)
1(a) M(g) t10 Period, T (s) T2 (s2)
50 5.9 0.59 0.348
100 7.7 0.77 0.593
150 8.6 0.86 0.740
200 10.0 1.00 1.000
250 10.8 1.08 1.166
300 11.5 1.15 1.323
350 12.4 1.24 1.538
400 13.0 1.30 1.690

Consistent 2 OR 3 d.p J3
- all correct 3m
-14 correct 2m
-12 correct 1m
-others 0m
1(b) Plot graph T2 against M
(i) correct axes, appropriate scales and moren than ½ graph paper (1m)
(ii) correct axes with labels and unit (1m)
(iii) 8 points plotted correctly (2m), 7 points plotted correctly (1m),
others (0m) J6
(iv) calculate and plot centriod correctly: centroid point (225g, 1.050 s2)
(1m)
(v) straight line passes through centroid and positive y-intercept (1m)

1(c) Gradient, m = y2 – y1
x2 – x1
= (1.60 -0.46) s2 G1
(375 – 65) x 10-3 kg
= 3.68 s2 kg-1 (decimal must be consistent) JU1

1(d) Rearrange : T2 = 42 (M + ms)


k 3
2 2 2
T = 4 M + 4 ms
k 3k
spring constant k :
m = 42 R1
k
k = 10.73 kg s-2 GJU1
1(e) From graph: c = 0.22 s2 K1
c = 42ms
3k
0.22 = 42 ms
3(10.73)
ms = 0.18 kg RGJU1
TOTAL 15
marks
2(a) Rate of change of velocity J1

(b)
v (m s-1)

20 -
(i) Label-1

t ( s) Pattern-
0 0 1
Label axes (symbol & unit)
Value : 20, 0, –20  D1
–20 Shape (straight line with
negative gradient)  D1

(ii)

At maximum height, v = 0 m s–1


K1

R1
G1
JU1
(c)

(i)
R1
G1
JU1

(ii) Time flight,T=2t R1

G1

JU1
(iii) R1

GJU1
TOTAL 15
marks
3(a) (i) In a closed system, total momentum is conserved J2
(a) (ii) Elastic colision Inelastic colision
Total Kinetic energy is conserved Total Kinetic energy is not conserved J1
Total momentum is conserved Total momentum is conserved J1

(b) (i) mb = 10 g = 10 x 10-3 kg, vb = 280 ms-1


mg = 3 kg, u = 0 ms-1, vg = ?

(mb + mg)u = mbvb + mgvg R1


0 = (10 x 10-3)(280) + (3)(vg)
vg = –0.93 ms-1 GJU1

(b) (ii) K.Ei = ½ (mb + mg) u2 R1


= ½ (10 x 10-3 + 3.0) (0)2
=0J GJU1
K.Ef = ½ mb vb2 + ½ mg vg2
= ½ (10 x 10-3) (280)2 + ½ (3.0) (-0.93)2
= 393.30 J GJU1
K.Ei  K.Ef ===> inelastic colision K1

(c) (i) m = 1200 kg, t = 15 s, u = 0 ms-1, v = 25 ms-1


W = E = Kf –Ki
R1
= ½ (1200) (25)2 – ½ (1200) (0)2
= 3.75 x 105 J GJ1

P = W = 3.75 x 105
t 15
RGJU1
= 2.5 x 104 W
(c) (ii)  = Eout x 100 R1
Ein
75 = 3.75 x 105 x 100
Ein
Ein = 5.0 x 105 J GJU1
TOTAL 15
marks
4(a) Its direction is always changing and thus its velocity is not constant. J1
Yes, its accelerating. J1
(b) (i)
N

Label & Arrow 3


fS All correct-3

2 correct-2

1 correct-0
W

(ii)

K1
R1

G1

JU1
(c)

53º
A
2.0 m 8.0 m

4.0 m
Wp
Wb
System in equilibrium  F  0 ;  A 0

Force x–component y–component Torque at A

T –T cos 53 T sin 53 T (8) sin 53 = 6.389 T

Wb 0 – 2000 N – 2000(4) sin 90


= – 8000
Wp 0 – 600 N – 600 (2) sin 90
= – 1200
FA FAx FAy 0

 A 0 K1
6.389T  8000  1200  0
T  1439.97N GJU1

F x 0
T cos 53  FAx  0
FAx  1439.97 cos 53  866.6 N RG1

F y 0
T sin 53  FAy  2000  600  0 RG1
FAy  2600  1439.97 sin 53  1449.99 N

FA  FAx 2  FAy 2 RGJU1

FA  866.62  1449.992  1689.22 N

FAy 1449.99
tan       59.13 above +x axis
FAx 866.6 RGJU1

TOTAL 15
Marks
5 (a)(i) Torque is turning effect that is caused by a force J1
5 (a)(ii) Moment of inertia is resistance to a change in its state of rest or rotational J1
motion
5 (b)(i) m = 0.75 kg, r = 30 m, F thrust = 0.80N
=Fr
= 0.80 ×30
= 24 Nm RGJU1
5 (b)(ii) I = mr2
= 0.75 ×30 = 675 kg m2 RGJU1
5 (b)(iii) F = ma
a = F = 0.80
m 0.75
= 1.07 m s-2 RG1
a=rα
α = a = 1.07 = 0.036 rad s-2 RGJU1
r 30
5(c) (i) ω = 1200 × 2
60
-1
= 40 rad s
= 125.66 rad s-1 GJU1
5(c) (ii) α = ω – ωo R1
t
= 125.66 – 0
2.5
= 50.26 rad s-1 GJU1

5(c) (iii)  = ωo t + ½ α t2
= 0 + ½ (50.26) (2.5)2
= 157.06 rad GJ1
No. of revolutions = 
2
= 157.06
2
= 25 rev GJU1
2
5(c) (iv) Kr = ½ I ω R1
= ½ (7.5×10–3) (125.66)2
= 59.21 J GJU1
5(c) (v) W = E
= ½ I ω2 – ½ I ωo2 RGJU1
= 59.21 – 0
= 59.21 J

Alternative calculation:
W = 
= (Iα)
= (7.5×10–3) (50.26) (157.06)
= 59.20 J RGJU1

TOTAL 15
marks
6(a) Simple Harmonic Motion is the periodic motion without loss of energy
in which the acceleration of the body is directly proportional to its
K1
displacement from the equilibrium position but in opposite direction

(b) m= 0.05 kg, A=0.12 m, T= 1.7 s

(i) RG1

= 0.68 N m-1 RGJU1

(ii) R1

GJU1

(iii) R1

GJU1

(iv) R1

GJU1

(v)

RGJU1

RGJU1
(vi)
@
RGJU1
E (J)
(c) Label
axis-1m

Pattern
U
graph U-
1m

K Pattern
graph K-
-0.12 E (J)
+0.12 x (m) 1m

TOTAL 15
marks
7 (a) Progressive waves Standing waves
Transmit energy from one point to Did not transmit energy
another
Each particle vibrates at the same Only particles at antinodes
amplitude vibrate at maximum amplitude (any one
Wave profile move away from source Wave profile fixed correct
Produced by disturbance of source Produced by 2 identical pair)
progressive waves propagate in J1
opposite directions
7 (b) (i) y = 0.3 sin t + 4 x
3
Amplitude = 0.3 m J1
ω = /3 = 1.03 rad s-1 J1
k = 4 = 12.57 rad m-1 J1
7 (b) (ii) T = 2 = 2 x 3 = 6 s GJU1
ω 
 = 2 = 2 x 1
k 4
= 0.5 m GJU1
7 (b)(iii) y = 0.3 sin [() (3) + 4 (0.6)] G1
3

= 0.3 sin (3.4) = -0.285 m


JU1
7(b) (iv) v= R1
T
= 0.5 G1
6
= 0.083 m s-1 JU1

7(c) (i) fn = nv/2l R1


220 = (1)(340)/2l  l = 0.773 m GJU1

7(c) (ii) D2
AN AN
N Correct
shape –
D1
Label 2
AN and 1
N – D1
TOTAL 15
marks
8(a) Hollow cylinder will stretch more. J1

From,

J1

J1
Since area for solid cylinder is greater than hollow cylinder

(b) (i) States that the mean (average) kinetic energy associated with each J1
degree of freedom of a molecule is
(ii) 5 J1

(c) p1V 1 p 2V 2 R1

T1 T2
1.013 105 (V 1) 3.5(1.013 105 )(V 2)
(i) 
(23  273.15) (4  273.15)
V1
 3.74 G JU1
V2
J1
(ii) Not safe. Because the volume at surface is 3.74 times than at the
bottom and this exceed the limit in which a human lung can expand J1
safely to twice its normal volume
(d) (i) “ The heat (Q) supplied to a system is equal to the increase J1
in the internal energy (ΔU) of the system plus the work done (W)
by the system on its surroundings”
(i) Conservation of energy J1
(e) R1

(i)
JU1

(ii)
JU1

(iii) JU1

TOTAL 15
marks