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TEST CODE 02138010
MAY/JUNE 2012
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION
PHYSICS
Unit 1- Paper 01
90 minutes

( 22 MAY2012 (a.m.) )

READ THE FOLLOWING lNSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY~

l. This test consists of 45 items. You will have 90 minutes to answer them.

2. In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer shee!.

3. Do not be concerned that the answer sheet provides spaces for more answers than there are
items in this test.

I
4. Each iten1 in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item
you are about to answer and decide which choice is best.

5. On your answer sheet, find the number which corresponds to your item and shade the space
having the same letter as the answer you have chosen. Look at the sample item below.

Sample Item

Which of the following lists one scalar quantity


and one vector quantity?

(A) Mass : temperature Sample Answer


(B) Momentum : pressure
(C) Force : velocity
. (D) Potential energy : volt

The best answer to this item is "Momentum : pressure", so answer space (B) has been shaded.
6. If you want to change your answer, be sure to erase it completely before you fill in your new
choice.
7. When you are told to begin, tum the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can.
If you cannot answer an item, go Oii to the next one. Your may return to this item later. Your
score will be the total number of correct answers.

--
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8. You may do any rough work in this booklet.
9. Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale.
-=
~

-- 10. You may use a silent, non-programn1able calculator to answer items.

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DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.
Copyright © 2011 Caribbean Examinations Council

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IJST OF PHYSICAl, CONSTANTS

Universal gravitational constant G 6.67 x 10- 11 N m2 kg·2

Acceleration due to gravity ·- g 9.81 m s·2

1 Atmosphere Atm 1.00 x 105 N m·2

Boltzmann's constant k :::: 1.38 X 10"23 J K- 1 .

Density of water 1.00 x 103 kg m·)

Specific heat capacity ofwater = 4200 J kg· 1 K- 1

Specific latent heat of vaporization of water 2.26 X 106 J kg· I

Avogadro's number NA 6.02 x 1023 per mole

Molar gas constant R 8.31 J K·' mol·'

Stefan-Boltzmann constant cr 5.67 x I0-8 W m·2 K 4

Speed of light in vacuum c 3.0 x 108 m s· 1


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1. · Which of the quantities below are dimension- 4. Which of the following is NOT an S.I. base
less? unit?

1. Relative density (A) g


II. Force (B) K
III. Length (C) m
IV. Refractive index -(D) s

(A) I and II only


(B) I and IV only 5. A signal station soWids its hom and flashes
(C) II and III only a light to warn an·approaching·ship. The
(D) II and IV only · ship hears the sound 10 seconds after the
flash is seen. If the speed of sound in air
is 340 rn s-1, how far away from the signal
.2. In determining the density ofa cube, a student ·station is the ship? ·
records the following measurements:
(A) 34m
Length of side, I= 3.0 ± 0.1 em . (B) 340m
(C) 3400m
·Mass of cube, m =12.5 ± O.j g (D) 34000m

The student then uses the equation p = .~


. . .
. _·
6 Which of the following is NOT an equation
for uniformly accelerated motion?
to determine the density of the cube. The
percentage error in the calculated value of p
is (A) v 2 = u 2 + 2at

(B) · v =u+ at
(A) 0.6%
(B) 7%
(C) 14%
(C) s = ut + Ji at2
·(D) 40 o/o
(D) s= Yz (u + v) t

Item 3 refers to the following quantities


.
. with their base units. ; .

7. lfp is the momentum of an object ofmass,m, .

the~ the ~xpression


2
P: kg m-3 P . has the same unit as
Q: kg m s-2 m
R: kg 2 m-3 s- 1 (A) energy
(B) force
3. . does --!::::..
Wh at quantity PO represent? (C) irripulse
R (D) acceleration
(A) Distance
(B) Speed·
(C) Acceleration
(D) Force
.I

i I

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1
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02138010/CAPE 2012
l
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8. Which of the following pairs of conditions 11. A car with mass, m, moves round a circular
is true for an inelastic collision? road of radius, r; at a constant speed, v.
Which of the following statements is/are
true?
Kinetic Energy Momentum
I. Its velocity changes and the
(A) Conserved Conserved magnitude of t~e acceleration is
(B) Not conserved Conserved v2

(C) Conserved Not conserved r


{D) Not conserved Not conserved II.· There is no resultant ·force on the
car since its speed is constant.
III. The resultant force on the car is
9. Which of the following equations gives the outwards from the centre and
correct relationship between impulse and
.,
mv-
momentum? equals - - ·
r

(A) Impulse = momentum


(A) I only
(B) Impulse = rate of change
of momentum (B) II only
(C) III only
(C) Impulse = change in momentum
(D) Impulse = (momentum)2 (D) I and II only

12. When a small steel ball bearing falls


10. A force of 200 N acts on a trolley of mass
through glycerine it quickly reaches a
2 kg causing it to move off from rest and
terminal velocity. This happens because
reach a speed of 14 m s- 1• The rate of
change of momentum of the trolley is the

28 kg m s-2 (A) viscous drag reduces to zero


(A)
(B) 100 kg m s-2 (B) upthrust on
the ball bearing equals
the viscous drag
(C) 200 kg m s-2
(C) weight of the ball bearing equals
(D) 2 800 kg m s-2
the upthrust acting on it
(D) viscous drag increases as the
velocity of the ball bearing
increases
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13. A body falls from a cliff 80 m above the 16. The displacement of a particle undergoing
ground. If it loses 25% of its energy simple harmonic motion is given by
overcoming friction, what is its velocity on
ii?pact with the ground? [g = 9.8 N kg- 1] x = 8 sin 0.4 1t t

(A) 19.8 m s- 1 The frequency of oscillation of the particle


(B) 28.0 m s- 1 lS
(C) 34.3 m s- 1
(D) 39.6 m s- 1 (A) 0.2 Hz
(B) 0.4 Hz
(C) 5Hz
14. A van has mass, m. The van's engine has a (D) 8Hz
maximum power output ofP. The LEAST
time for the van to be accelerated froni rest
to a speed, v, is 17. A pendulum is held at its highest point and
then released. A suitable graph to show one ·
cycle of this motion is
(A)
2P
Velocity

mv (A)
(B)
p

mP
(C)
v
Velocity
2P
(D) 2
mv (B)

15. If m is the mass of an object and E its


kinetic energy, then its linear momentum
lS

(A) m.fi Velocity

(B) (C)

(C)

(D) . ..f2mE Velocity

(D)

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02138010/CAPE 2012 <
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oo · - - .. ~ ....... ___ ...................., __ ,..................._._.._., _ _,..0• ----··P~ ....-.. -~------·-··--····-···-~ '00 ,,._.,,.,,-~-·-- -.·r·--·· .. o•,·•~ .... '"' ·~-

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-6-

18. Which of the· following graphs represents 20. Which ofthe following events is associated
a body undergoing critical damping? with transverse waves but NOT longitudinal
(A) Amplitude waves?

(A) Reflection·
(B) Refraction
{C) Interference
(D) Polarisation

(B) Amplitude 21. What is the phase difference between the


two points labelled A and B on the graph
below?
D
Time
X

(C) Amplitude

(A) 3tr dians


-ra
4

Time (B) 37r d"tans


-ra
2

(C) 1tr d"1ans


-ra
(D) Amplitude 4
(D) 37rradians

Item 22 refers to the following displacement-


position graph which represents a stationary
wave at two different instants of time.

Displacement
19. Which of the following statements
concerning sound and light waves is
correct?
Position
(A) Both sound and light waves in air
are longitudinal.
(B) Both sound and light waves in air
are transverse. 22. What does the distance PQ represent?
(C) Sound waves in air are transverse
and light waves are longirudinal. (A) Half the velocity
(D) Sound waves in air are longin1dinal (B) Half the period
and light waves are transverse. (C) Half the wavelength
(D) Half the amplitude
- 7-

23. The intensity of soun<l 1s directly 27. In a double slit experiment using a
proportional to the monochromatic light source of wavelength
400 nm, the distance between the bright
(A) amplitude ofthe oscilh1tion fringes was found to be 8.0 mm. If the
(B) wavelength of the oscillation screen is 5 m from the double slit, what is
(C) square of the wavelength of the the slit separation?
oscillation
(D) square of the amplitude of the (A) 0.001 mm
oscillation (B) 0.25 mrn
(C) 1 mm
(D) 250 mm
24. Two sources are said to be coherent

(A) when they have the same frequency


28. What is the ratio of the intensity of two
(B) only when they have a phase
sounds if one is 8.0 dB louder than the
difference of zero
other?
(C) when they can undergo
superposition
(A) 0.63
(D) when they have a constant phase
(B) 6.3
difference between them
(C) 80
(D) 108
25. After investigating the refraction of water
waves in a ripple tank, a student draws the
following conclusions. 29. The power of a lens of foca1length 15 em
is
I. When refraction occurs, the wave
length of the waves changes. (A) 0.067 D
II. Refraction is caused by a change (B) 0.67D
in the speed of the wave. (C) 6.7D
III. When the waves are incident along (D) 67D
the normal, a change of frequency
occurs.
30. If an object is placed 10 em in front of
Which of the above conclusions is/are a converging lens of focal length 30 em,
correct? where is the image forrned?

(A) I only (A) 10 em behind the lens


(B) I and II only (B) 30 em in front of the lens
(C) II and III only (C) Between 10 em and 30 em behind
(D) I, II and III the lens
(D) Between 10 ern and 30 em in front
ofthe lens
26. As light travelling in air enters a medium
its speed changes to 2.4 x 108 m s- 1• The
refractive index of the medium is

(A) 0.60
(B) 0.80
(C) 1.25
(D) 1.50

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


02138010/CAPE 2012

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.
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.
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. ..

-8-

31. Which of the thermometers listed below 34. In an electrical method for determining
could possibly measure temperatures the specific heat capacity of a metal, the
between 73 K and 1473 K? following readings were obtained:

(A) Thermocouple Mass ofmetal 2kg


(B) Alcohol-in-glass Supply voltage 240V
(C) Mercury-in-glass Current 3A
(D) ·Constant volume oxygen ther- Time for which heat is supplied 200 s
mometer Temperature rise of metal lOK

What is the specific heat capacity of the


32. Temperatures on the empirical centigrade metal?
scale are determined by the formula,
240x3x6 Jkg. 1K_ 1
(A)
B= Xo-Xo .X 100 °C 2xl0x200
Xtoo -xo

where x is a physical property that 2xl0x200 Jkg. 1K_ 1


varies with temperature. What is x for a . (B)
240x3x60
thermocouple?

(A) e.m.f. 2x10x200 Jk _,K_ 1


(C)
(B) Volume· 240x3 g
(C) Length·
(D) Resistance 240x3x200 Jk _1K_ 1
(D)
2xl0 g

33. Which of the following statements is/are


true about temperature?
35. On a hot day, you feel cool when you
I. Whilst a substance is melting its perspire because the
temperature remains constant.
II. The temperature at the triple point (A) perspiration is wet and you feel
of a substance has a constant cooler when you get wet
value. (B) molecules in the air absorb the
IlL The boiling point of a liquid does perspiration from your skin
not depend on the pressure of the (C) day is so hot that you feel cooler
surroundings. when compared to the heat of the
day
(A) · I only (D) perspiration takes heat energy from
(B) I and II only your skin to help it evaporate
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III
- 9-

Item 36 refers to a compo_site conductor 37. A contractor builds an office window of


with materials of thermal conductivities, k, height 150 em and width 200 em with
k/2, k/3, which has insulated sides. Heat is a glass pane of thickness 0.5 em. The
transferred through it from left to right as temperature difference across the glass is
shown in the diagram below. Each material 15 K and the thermal conductivity of the
has the same thickness. glass is 0.65W m- 1 K- 1• Calculate the heat
energy per second conducted through the
.,.__ Insulation window.
Q
. (A) 1.63 kW
.,.__ Insulation (B) 5.85 kW
(C) 163 w
36. Which of the following diagrams BEST (D) 585W
describes the temperature gradient of the
composite wall?
38. · Covering a bowl of hot soup with a plate
reduces heat loss by

(A) I." conduction


II. convection
Ill. evaporation

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III
tl
tl ·- -~~---+---""!
(B)
t3 -+--t-----"''icc---+

(C)
. tl +----"'1<:--t----t
t3+--+--~~-+
t4

(D) tl
tl
t3
t4

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02138010/CAPE 2012
...
- 10-

39. Which graph BEST represents pressure 'P' of a gas as a function of its mass when the gas is
pumped into a container of fixed volume and the temperature remains constant?

(A)
p p
(C)

Mass

(B) p (D) p

Mass Mass

40. The total kinetic energy of n moles of a 41. What is the total pressure on the base of a
monatomic gas at temperature T is given container of cross-sectional area 5.0 m 2 if
by the equation it is filled with ethylene glycol of density
1120 kg m-3 up to a depth of3.0 m?
(A) Ek = nRT
[Atm. press= 1.0 x 105 Pa]
1
(B) E=
k 2 kT (A) 3.3 x 104 Pa
(B) 6.7 x 104 Pa
(C) 1.0 x 105 Pa
3 (D) 1.33 x 105 Pa
(C) E=
k
nk:T
2

3
(D) E=
k
nRT
2
- 11 -

42. Two identical springs hang side by side (in Item 44 refers to the following graph.
parallel) and are connected to a loadof7.5
N. They each experience an extension of Stress
2.5 em. What is the force constant of ONE
of the springs?

44. The graph above is MOST likely to apply


to

(A) steel
(A) 1.5 Nm-1 (B) glass fibre
(B) 30 Nm-• (C) an elastic band
(C) 150 Nm- 1 (D) polythene sheet
(D) 300Nm- 1
Item 45 refers to the following diagram.
43. A 5 kg mass hangs from a uniform steel
F(N)
wire· and the resulting stress in the wire
is cr. Hanging a 10 kg mass from a steel
wire of twice the diameter would result in
a stress of
60
(A) cr/2
(B) cr 30
(C) 2cr
(D) 4cr

1 2 e(mm)

45. The figure above shows the force-extension


graph of a wire. How rr.tUch work is done
in stretching the wire from an extension of
1 mm to2 mm?

(A) 0.015 J
(B) 0.030 J
(C) 0.045 J
(D) 0.060 J

ENDOFTEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

02138010/CAPE 2012

' I
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- 12-
44.~ Two ide~tical sp1ings are hung side by side Ite1n 45 refers to the follo·wing diagran1.
(in parall~l) and they are connected to a load
9f7 .5 N. :They each experience an extension
6f2.5 crri. What is the force constant of one FIN
9fthe sp9ngs?

..
I

i
I'
I
30 .I

i 45. The figure above shows the force-extension


I i 1.5 Nm·• graph of a wire. How tnuch work is done in.
i'
i'I· 30Nm·1 stretching the wire from an extension of 1 rnm.
rboNm· 1 to2mm?
I; 300Nm· 1
! (A) 0.015 J
(B) 0.030J
!
(q 0.0451
j, (D) 0.060 J
,.
:

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I:· i
I~ I ;
If.
i·IF ~ou ~H BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, cHECK YOUR woRK oN THIS TEST.
i . ~

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