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c I (:)2010 U1 P1

CAPE.,;Physics

I . :..

1. Which of the quantities below are 4. The molar mass of aluminium is rp g:and its

dimensionless? density is 2700 kg m.J. The nl).rnper of

.aluminium atoms in a piece of al~ujn with

I. 1

Rela:tive density a volume of LO m 3 is approximate!~ I

.. I i ':\

IL Force I i'

(C) 6 x 1027

(A) I and II only (D) 6 x 1028

(B) II and III only

(C) I and IV only

(D) II and IV only 5. If the average velocity of a particle is zero,

then the distance it has travelled .

records the following measurements: (B) cannot be zero 1·

(C) is negative . i' :'~ ii .

Length of side, l = 3.0 ± 0.1 cm (D) may or may not be zero

Mass Of cube, m = 12.5 ± 0.5g

m l ,'.

The student then uses the equation p = - 6. A tennis ball is given a horizontal!vrlOfity of

. l' 8 mis when it is hit at a height L8:m'above

to deteqnine the density of the cube. The the ground. It is in the air for , ~.· ·.I

IS (A) 0.37 s

0.61 s

I1

'i1

i

I

(B) ; ,i

.l

(A) 0.6% (C) 2.98 s

(B) 7% (D) 8.89 s

(C) 14%

(D) 40%

base units shown

P: kg m.,

Q: kg ms.z

R: kg 2 m.J s·'

R

(A) Distance .

(B) Speed

J

(C) Acceleration

(D) Force

I

'

''

.. ,

.,

-4- ·,

Item 7 refers to the following information. Two identical masses are attached by a string, which

passes over a frictionless pulley.

:> '

·, L '

'i 1:

1'

j

l

'"

1.:1 Which pair of graphs below represents the acceleration of Body P and the acceleration of Body Q?

a a

(A) Q

p

time time

\, i

ji i a a

II

i' I

' 11 Q

p

• 1< [: l'(B)

';·

,,

l:t: time time

1

1

I

a a

Q

I p

\(C)

time time

a a

p Q

,, {D)

1-------.. time

.. ,

.. ,

.A man of mass 50 kg stands on a.':~:.i,

-5-

true for an inelastic collision? scale (balance) in an elevator. If~e el '. at or

accelerates upwards to 2 m s·'. What is the

reading on the scale? ·

Kinetic Energy Momentum

(C) 490N

(C) conserved not conserved

(D) 590N I

(D) not conserved not conserved

I .:

11. Which of the statements belbw·l3EST

I ' ;

describes the motion of a geqstat~opary

9. Which of the following equations gives the

satellite? ' . ·

correct relationship between impulse and

momentum?

(A) It moves with the same velocity as

~ "' . ·:.\

I the earth. :, ,f,f JI

(A) • [mpulse=momentum

(B) Its geographical location\c]!J.~s as

(B) Impulse= rate ofchange

of momentum the earth rotates. : ,\ ~! ,

(C) Its acceleration is zero. ' ; · ' ;

(C) Iinpulse =change in momentum

(D) Impulse=(momentum)'

(D) 6

Its angular velocity is equal . that

of the earth. · •

12. A man with a parachute jumps from a plane. He opens his parachute after 2.5 se<0onds. Which of the

graphs below BEST represents how his vertical acceleration a, could vary with time t, during the first 6

seconds ofhis fall?

(A) a (B) a

I 2 3 4 5 6 t I 2 3 4 5 6

(C) a (D) a

I 2 3 4 5 6 t

.. ,

.,

-6-

3. A body falls from a cliff 80 m above the 16. When a particle oscillates in a straight line

ground. If it loses 25% of its energy with simple harmonic motion, the period of

overcoming friction, what is its velocity on the oscillation is

impact with the ground? [g = 9.8 N kg· 1]

(A) directly proportional to the

1

(A) 19.8 m s· displacement ofthe particle from

(B) 28.0 m s· 1 the origin

(C) 34.3 m s· 1 (B) directly proportional to the

(D) 39.6 m s· 1 acceleration of the particle

(C) independent of the frequency of

oscillation

If mis the mass of an object and E its kinetic (D) independent of the amplitude of

energy, then its linear momentum is oscillation I

'

simple harmonic motion is given by

(B)

x = 8sin 0.47l't

(A) 0.2Hz

(B) 0.4Hz

(C) 5Hz

(D) 8Hz

15. A student of weight 500 N is planning a trip

up to the peak of Blue Mountain. From her

, starting point, this will involve an increase in

, . altitude of 1800 m, She buys "high calorie"

.:' energy bars which contain 1000 kJ ofenergy.

1 Assuming her body to be 10 % efficient, how

\ , many bars will she need to eat for the

r necessary gain in altitude?

I

I (A) 1

I

!

I

I (B)

, (C)

9

90

1~) 900

GO ON TO Tf:l\ENEXT PAGE

...

·1

-7-

Item 18 refers to the following diagram. 20. Which of the following events is as.sociated

with transverse waves but NOT )ongitudinal

/String waves?

ii

'

(A) Interference

(B) Polarisation

(C) Reflection

A

(D) Refraction

p B t ·i

Driver c I

I

'[

·I

_j

i!

D

21.

I, 1i

Sound waves with a frequencx <if . 00 Hz

18. The diagram shows a Barton pendulum travel through a medium with' a! s~. ~~.ed o. f

400 m s· 1• What is the phase difJfirence

system used to demonstrate resonance.

between two points which are 3 m apart in

Which pendulum would swing with the

the direction of the wave?

GREATEST amplitude when the driver 0 is

pulle9 aside and released? Jr

(A) -rads

4

Item 19· refers to the diagram below which Jr

shows a snapshot of a rope as a transverse (B) -rads

wave passes along it from left to right. 2

i:·

2 -!i'

'' ·1

(C) -Jr rads

3

I

(;:

:.: I

(D) Jr rads

directions ofthe motion ofpoints X, Y and Z 22. 4 '

·The following ~placement-po~i~o1 g.raph

on the rope? represents a stationary wave at two ~erent

instants oftime. I1 ": '. .,

x y z Displacement · '' ' j

(B) .J.. t .J.. Position

(C) t t t

(D) ---+ ~ ---+ What does the distance PQ reprbse.iiit?

i .

i

(A) Halfthe velocity

(B) Half the period I

I

'

(C) Half the wavelength

(D) Halfthe amplitude

-+ft )

1·

.. ,

I: - 8-

A wave of amplitude 10 cm has intensity I,. 26. As light travelling in air enters a medium its

Another similar wave has an amplitude of speed changes to 2.4 x 1O" m s· 1• The 31

5 cm and intensity I,. What is the value of refractive index of the medium is

-?

11

. (A) 0.60

12 .

(B) 0.80

(C) 1.25

(A) 2 (D) 1.50

(B) 4

(C) 20

(D) 50 27. For a double slit interference pattern using!

light, the separation of fringes will increase

if

Item 24 refers to the following graph which

shows a stationary wave on a string. I. Blue light is used instead of red,

i'

II. The screen is moved away from the 38.

I

Amj ).titude

J,

slits. ·

III. The slits are brought closer togetl1er..

i, r R

(A) I only

' I\ J p

Distance

(B)

(C)

I and II only

II and III only

I

(D) I, II and III

antinode exist? 28. An object is placed3 cm in frontofadiverging

lens of focal length 5 cm. Where will the

image be found?

(A) Ponly

(B) Qonly (A) About 2 cm in front of the lens 39.

!(C) Sonly

· (D) PandRonly (B) About 2 cm behind the lens

25. ·.Two light sources are said to be coherent. 2

The waves from them must therefore have

I .

(D) About -cm behmd the lens

the same frequency and a constant 2

';'

.l !! '(B) the same amplitude and a constant

I

!' +I

\ \

phase difference

\ -~. (C) the same wavelength and no phase

' difference

.,, I ~D) the same velocity and a constant path

difference

1

!

I

I

i

\,

I

02138010/CAPE2010

.. ,

.,

:I.

'

- 9-

! : .

29. Which pf the following statements regarding Item 32 refers to the following g~ap!p..

lenses rs/are correct? i

'

Length/cm '

l. A converging lens always forms an

34.0 - - - - - -

image biggerthan the object.

I'

IL An object placed in front of a

converging lens can form a virtnal

IIllage.

Ill. A diverging lens can form a real

image of an object placed in front 2.0

ofit.

0 100 Temp/°C

(A) !only I !

(B) Uoniy 32. The graph show's how the lel\i.gth of the

(C) I and Ill only mercury in a thermometer chan~~siwith

(D) _ ll and III only temperature. The temperatfr~· :"1hich

corresponds to a length of I 0.0 qm 1s :

I ,

from the eye. The normal near point is (B) 20°c

25 cm from the eye. The focal length of the (C) 25°C

lens needed to ·correct this defect is (D) 30°C

' 1

I : :.

(A) 5cm ; • 'I

(B) 25cm 33. .

What is the name 'I ·~·fheat

given to the amblint

(C) 30cm energy needed to chitnge I kg bi w ·.ter at

(D) 150cm I 00 °C into steam at I 00 °C? . ..

31. Which instrument is MOST suitable for (B) Specific latent heat of fusion

measuring rapidly changing temperature? (C) Specific heat capacity

(D) S pecificlatent heat ofvaporisation

(A) The resistance thermometer

(B) The mercury-in-glass thermometer

(C) The thermocouple

(D) The alcohol-in-glass thermometer

.. ,

.. ,

.,

- 10 -

i~ \In an electrical method for determining the 36. A composite conductor with materials of

i \specific heat capacity ofa metal, the fullowing thermal conductivities k, k!2, k/3 has insulated

\ Ireadings were obtained sides. Heat is transferred through it from left

r: . to right as shown in the diagram below.

,mass of metal 2 kg

\supply voltage 240 V

\current 3A

'time for which heat supplied 20 s Q

\~~~peraturerise of metal 10 °C

Each material has the same thickness. Which

ofthe following diagrams BEST describes tl1e

.tA) temperature gradient of the composite wall?

(B)

ti

{A)

I (C) t,

!' i

I ~ '·, '1 t,

•

1

.1\::

' :'.- - 'Ii

,..

,l·j~)

- ,

t.

x- x-

'j f '

1' '

. i:. f l

35:"!',:''' ,: Water

I

falls from a height of 500 m. What is

':l ; e rise in temperature ofwater at the bottom ti - - ----

''\ ·. \ · all of the energy gained is converted to t,

{B)

• ternal energy in the water?

J

t,+--+--~1.-----l

) l.17K

) 0.19K

( ) 0.24K

(b) 0.49K

ti

-- -- --

{C)

t,

t,

t.

•i i

~ 'I

I• I I

'!; f,.

I

1

(D)

ti -- -- --

t,

t,

t,

'."

..,

., .I

- II - 1

: I

37. '

A cqntractor builds an office window of 40. A gas contains N molecules. \Tpe ;~peeds of

height I 50 cm and width ZOO cm with a glass the molecu'.es are Cl'. C2 ... , P&·

f(hich of

pane ofthickhess 0.5 cm. The temperature the followmg equat10ns cap' \br··!used to

difference across the glass is I 5 K and the determine the r.m.s speed oftb.e:m . ecules?

., 'j

thermal conductivity of the glass is

0.65W m·' K· 1• Calculate the heat energy (A) ~c, +c~+ ... CN '

per second conducted through the window.

> (B) 5.85kW N

' (C) 163kW

(D) 585kW

·r

38. A small black sphere has an absolute (D) (ci'+cJ+ ..... +c~f

temperature T 1• It is hung in the centre of

an enclosure whose walls are at a higher N I:! ii '

absolute temperature T,. The net rate ofgain

of .thermal energy by the sphere is 41. What is the total pressure on, the base of a

proportional to container of cross-sectional area \P,m'. if it

'

'

is filled with ethylene gylcb~ ci~ density

. 'I "

(A) (T,)• 1120 kg m" up to a depth of3 .D µi?j

(B) (T,)' [Atrn. press~ i~o t: IO' Pa]

(C) (T2) 4 .,- (T/

(A) 3.3 x 104 Pa ,,

(D) (T2 - T/ (B) 6.7 x 104 Pa

(C) I.Ox JO' Pa

(D) 1.33 x 10' Pa

39. Avogadro's number is the number of

molecules in

Item 42 refers to the following,diagram.

(A)

(B)

(C)

one litre of gas atN.T.P.

one mole of a gas

one gram ofa gas

(..,__)- - - - - ; - - v i G-A

i.

- + - - - - - [ - - - - - ' - ,~, :

(D) one kilogram of a gas

42. The material shown has length,/, and cross-

sectional area A. When a for4 I;', is applied

to the material it causes an extension e, in the

material. Which ofthe followir\g~xpressions

can be used to determine the Yc:rnpg~odulus

of the material? · · \ ·

!

- 12 -

'•

43. Four different liquids are poured into identical measuring cylinders. The diagrams show the heights of

the liquids and their densities. Which liquid exerts the LARGEST pressure on the base ofits measuring

pylinder?

-~---

i :'

20cm

lOcm

.'

~~~ ~j,§ 40 cm

~~ 30cm

~!~}l

I i

•.;I

i: I

' I'. l rem 44 refers to the following graph. Item 45 refers to the following diagram.

· 1: ~tress FIN

.·: !

60 -----------

30 ------

1 2 e/mm

i

44. This graphisMOSTlikelyto apply to 45. The figure above shows the force-extension

graph ofa wire. How much work is done in

(A) steel stretching the wire from an extension of I mm

(B) glass fibre to2mm?

(C) an elastic band

!· (D) polythene sheet (A) 0.015 J

(B) 0.030J

~ ' j (C) 0.045 J

i''

I ~ li l (D) 0.060J

II

rf ~OU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK. ON fHIS TEST.

I ' I

f.

. \

.. ,

.. ,

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