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Atividade Avaliativa de Língua Estrangeira Moderna ONE – Inglês.

NOME:____________________________________________________________ Nº: _______________

The Big Bang 14.The Big Bang is a model because:

a) it gives a conclusive explanation for the formation
The Big Bang Model is a theory that tries to explain the of galaxies with stars and planets.
evolution of the universe. According to this theory, at b) it explains why hydrogen and helium combine.
some time between ten and twenty billion years ago, all c) astronomers use it to find time zero.
matter and energy were compressed into a small ball d) it tries to explain the formation of the universe.
only a few kilometers in diameter. It was, in effect, one
atom that contained all the components of the entire 15.The sentence that best summarizes the text is:
universe in the form of pure energy. a) the Big Bang theory does not explain the evolution
Then, at a moment in the time that astronomers refer to of the universe.
as t = 0 (t equals zero), the ball exploded, hurling b) According to the Big Bang Theory, an explosion
energy into space. Expansion occurred. As the energy caused the formation of the
cooled, most of it became matter in the form of protons, universe.
neutrons, and electrons. These original particles c) the universe is made of hydrogen and helium.
combined to form hydrogen and helium, and continued d) the universe is more than ten billion years old.
to expand. This expansion of matter formed galaxies
with stars and planets.
16.Fill in the blanks with these words from the text.
Responda Verdadeiro ou Falso: cooled - hurling - particles - occurred - components -
entire - pure - became - a few - refer to
1.( ) The universe was formed due to a big explosion.
2.( ) It is not possible for energy to became matter. 1.Oxygen and hydrogen are the .............. of water
3.( ) t= 0 happened between 10 and 20 billion years ago. 2.Scientists say that our planet .............. very cold
4.( ) At t= 0 there was only energy compressed into a during the glacial era
ball. 3.The explosion in the laboratory destroyed the
4.( ) Hydrogen and helium appeared after the Big Bang. ............... building
4.The sun in continuously ................. its rays to our
1: Certo. planet
2: Errado. 5.The explosion of the H-bomb over Hiroshima
3: Certo. .................. in 1945
4: Certo. 6.Scientists .................... this theory as the Big Bang
5: Certo. 7.Her soup ................ while she was talking on the
11.The text states that galaxies were formed: 8.There are ................. other theories about the origin
a) ten billion years ago. of the universe
b) fifteen billion years ago. 9.That fountain is a source of ................... water
c) as a result of the expansion of matter. 10.Water is formed by two ................... of hydrogen
d) twenty billion year ago. and one of oxygen

12.The text implies that:

a) Energy and matter are the same thing. 11. c (" some time between ten and twenty billion
b) Protons, neutrons, and electrons are not matter. years ago..." - foi entre (between) 10 e 20 bilhões de
c) energy can be transformed into matter. anos, então não tem nenhuma resposta que prove
d) galaxies stopped expanding when energy cooled. isso. A única resposta possível é a C)

13.The name Big Bang describes: 12. c ("As the energy cooled, most of it became
a) the explosion of a ball of compressed energy. matter in the form of protons, neutrons, and
b) matter in the form of neutrons, protons, and electrons." - a maior parte da energia se
electrons. transformou em matéria.)
c) the combination of hydrogen and helium to form
galaxies. 14. d ("The Big Bang Model is a theory that tries to
d) the hurling of energy into space. explain..." - como é uma teoria, não é explanação
conclusiva, é apenas uma tentativa de explicar)
15. b

16. 1 - components / 2 - became (tornou-se) / 3 -

entire (inteira, toda a) / 4 - hurling (emitindo,
lançando) / 5 - occurred (ocorreu, aconteceu) / 6 -
refer to (se referem a) / 7 - cooled (esfriou) / 8 - a
few (algumas, umas poucas) / 9 - pure (pura) / 10 -
particles (partículas, partes)