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CONFIDENTIAL

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

SET A

MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE

FINAL EXAMINATION

JULY 2017 SEMESTER

(MECHANICAL)

DURATION : 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

Please use the answer booklet provided.

Question 1

(a) The life in hours of a thermocouple used in a furnace is known to be approximately normally

distributed, with sample standard deviation s 20 hours. A random sample of 15 thermocouples

resulted in the following data:

553, 552, 567, 579, 550, 541, 537, 553, 552, 546, 538, 553, 581, 539, 529

[2 marks]

ii. Construct a 95% confidence interval on the mean life of thermocouple.

[4 marks]

iii. Test at 5% level of significance to support the claim that mean life of thermocouple

exceeds 540 hours.

[8 marks]

(b) A microbiologist wishes to determine whether there is any difference in the time it takes to make

yoghurt from two different starter; lactobacillus acidophilus (A) and bulgarius (B). Seven batches

of yoghurt were made with each of starters. Table 1 below shows the time taken, in hours, to

make each batch.

Table 1: The time takes to make yoghurt

Starter A 6.8 6.3 7.4 6.1 8.2 7.3 6.9

Starter B 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.5 6.9 6.3 6.7

Assuming that both sets of times may be considered to be random samples from normal

populations with same variance.

i. Test the hypothesis that the mean time taken to make yoghurt is the same for both

starters.

[8 marks]

ii. Calculate a 99% confidence interval for the difference mean of the time taken for two

starters.

[3 Marks]

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 2

(a) A name brand household washing machine is sold in five different colors, and a market

researcher wishes to study the popularity of the various colors. The frequencies given in the

Table 2 are observed from a random sample of 300 recent sales. Test the hypothesis that all

five colors are equally popular at 5% significance level.

Table 2: Frequencies of sales.

Colors avocado tan red blue white

Frequencies 88 65 52 40 55

[9 marks]

(b) i. Describe two (2) assumptions for use of analysis of variance (ANOVA)

[4 marks]

ii. Table 3 shows an experiment conducted by Sheldon (1960, Industrial and Engineering

Chemistry) which was performed at a pulp mill. The performance of a paper manufacturing

can be assessed based on the pulp brightness as measured by a reflectance meter. Each

of 4 operators (A, B, C and D) made 5 batches of pulp and the reflectance of paper from

each batch was measured. The goal of the experiment was to see if there was any

difference between the papers resulting from pulp made by each operator.

Table 3: The pulp brightness

Operators

A B C D

59.8 59.8 60.7 61.0

60.0 60.2 60.7 60.8

Brightness 60.8 60.4 60.5 60.6

60.8 59.9 60.9 60.5

59.8 60.0 60.3 60.5

Total 301.2 300.3 303.1 303.4

x 2

ij 72966.240

Using a 5% significance level, test the hypothesis if the mean reflectance equal for paper

coming from each different operator.

[12 marks]

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 3

It is believed that the annual repair cost, y for a car is related to its age, x . A sample of 10 cars revealed

the results in the Table 4.

Age (year) 2 3 1 7 6 8 4 1 2 5

Repair cost (RM) 72 99 65 138 170 140 114 83 101 110

Given: xy 4903

(a) Sketch a scatter diagram and determine the type of relationship between the repair cost and the

age of the car.

[4 marks]

[12 marks]

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

[2 marks]

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 4

(a) The effective life (in hours) of batteries is compared by material type (1, 2 or 3) and operating

temperature: Low (5˚C), Medium (20˚C) or High (45˚C). Twelve batteries are randomly selected

from each material type and are then randomly allocated to each temperature level. Figure 1

shows the MINITAB output obtained from data that have been collected:

Source DF SS MS F P

temperature 2 9578.0 B 3.61 0.127

material A 2228.7 1114.33 0.84 0.496

Error 4 C 1327.33

Total 8 17116.0

Figure 1

[2 marks]

[6 marks]

iii. Determine whether there is any difference in mean life of the batteries for different

temperature at 5% significance level.

[5 marks]

(b) An engineer is interested in the effect of cutting speed, metal hardness and cutting angle on the

life (in hours) of a cutting tool. Two levels of each factor are chosen, and two replicates of a 23

factorial design are run. The Minitab output is shown in Figure 2:

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

Constant 412.31 12.38 33.31 0.000

Speed 19.87 9.94 12.38 0.80 0.445

Hardness 85.88 42.94 12.38 3.47 0.008

Angle 70.13 35.06 12.38 2.83 0.022

Speed*Hardness -12.88 -6.44 12.38 -0.52 0.617

Speed*Angle -117.63 -58.81 12.38 -4.75 0.001

Hardness*Angle -22.63 -11.31 12.38 -0.91 0.388

Speed*Hardness*Angle -36.38 -18.19 12.38 -1.47 0.180

Main Effects 3 50748 50748 16916 6.90 0.013

2-Way Interactions 3 58053 58053 19351 7.89 0.009

3-Way Interactions 1 5293 5293 5293 2.16 0.180

Residual Error 8 19615 19615 2452

Pure Error 8 19616 19616 2452

Total 15 133709

Main Effects Plot (data means) for life Interaction Plot (data means) for life

-1 1 -1 1

Speed Hardness

460 500

Speed

-1

440

1

420 400

Speed

400

300

380

Mean of life

500

Hardness

-1

-1 1 -1 1 1

400

Angle H ar dness

460

440

300

420

400

A ngle

380

-1 1

Figure 2

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

iii. Determine which main effects, if any, are signiﬁcant at 5% significance level.

[2 marks]

iv. Test the interactions effect between cutting speed and angle using 1% significance level.

[5 marks]

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

APPENDIX

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

JULY 2017 CONFIDENTIAL

APPENDIX

Document No : UniKL MFI_SD_AC41(b)

Revision No: 03

Effective Date: 01 March 2016

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