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SECTION C-1

UNITIZED SYSTEM MULLION AT TYPICAL ZONE


BS EN 1999 - 1 - 1 : 2007 Eurocode 9 - Design of Aluminum Structures : General Structural Rules

C-1.1 DESIGN PARAMETERS

LY
ON
LE
MP
SA

Drawing Number: MBH-FIB-AR-DDR-00-FA-8013


Lm := 3800.00mm Unsupported length of mullion

Lem := 0.20 ( 3165.00mm) = 633.00 mm Laterally unsupported length of mullion


Note: Anti-buckling clips are located at every 1/5 points

a := 170.00mm Location of support from expansion joint

tl := 1300.00mm Panel width at left of mullion

tr := 1300.00mm Panel width at right of mullion

tw := 0.5 tl + 0.5 tr = 1300.00 mm Tributary width of mullion


C-1.2 PROPERTIES OF ALUMINUM MULLION
Reference: Design criteria
Alloy  "6063" Aluminum alloy

Temper  "T6" Aluminum temper

Ea := 70000MPa Modulus of elasticity


Referenc e: Section 3.2.5 of BS EN 1999-1-1: 2007

fo = 160.00 MPa Characteristic value of 0.2% proof strength


Referenc e: Table 3.2b of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

fu = 195.00 MPa Characteristic value of ultimate tensile strength

LY
Referenc e: Table 3.2b of BS EN 1999-1-1: 2007

C-1.3 SECTION PROPERTIES OF MALE MULLION

Area: 1427.69

ON
Perimeter: 1035.77
Bounding box: X: -51.87 -- 16.53
Y: -89.05 -- 85.95
Centroid: X: 0.00
Y: 0.00
Moments of inertia: X: 4982134.26
Y: 391441.08
Product of inertia: XY: 126106.68
LE
Radii of gyration: X: 59.07
Y: 16.56
Principal moments and X-Y directions about centroid:
I: 4985595.81 along [1.00 0.03]
J: 387979.53 along [-0.03 1.00]
MP

2
Am := 1427.69mm Cross section area

4
Ixm := 498.21cm Moment of inertia about the strong axis
SA

4
Iym := 39.14cm Moment of inertia about the weak axis

cym := 89.05mm Distance of extreme fiber from strong axis

cxm := 51.87mm Distance of extreme fiber from weak axis

Ixm
3
Wel.xm := = 55.95 cm Elastic section modulus about the strong axis
cym

Iym
3
Wel.ym := = 7.55 cm Elastic section modulus about the weak axis
cxm

r ym := 16.56mm Radius of gyration about the weak axis


Area: 713.85
Plastic neutral axis

Area: 713.85

LY
cy1m := 44.38mm

cy2m := 60.47mm
ON
Lower region centroid distance from plastic neutral axis

Upper region centroid distance from plastic neutral axis


LE
2
0.50 Am = 713.85 mm Half cross section area of mullion

( ) 3
Wpl.xm := 0.5 Am cy1m + cy2m = 74.85 cm Plastic section modulus about the strong axis

C-1.4 SECTION PROPERTIES OF FEMALE MULLION


MP

Area: 1476.54
Perimeter: 981.46
Bounding box: X: -14.08 -- 28.42
Y: -88.11 -- 86.89
SA

Centroid: X: 0.00
Y: 0.00
Moments of inertia: X: 5260626.70
Y: 214517.33
Product of inertia: XY: 50211.71
Radii of gyration: X: 59.69
Y: 12.05
Principal moments and X-Y directions about centroid:
I: 5261126.28 along [1.00 0.01]
J: 214017.74 along [-0.01 1.00]
2
Af := 1476.54mm Cross section area

4
Ixf := 526.06cm Moment of inertia about the strong axis

4
Iyf := 21.45cm Moment of inertia about the weak axis

cyf := 88.11mm Distance of extreme fiber from strong axis

cxf := 28.42mm Distance of extreme fiber from weak axis

LY
Ixf
3
Wel.xf := = 59.70 cm Elastic section modulus about the strong axis
cyf

Iyf
3
Wel.yf := = 7.55 cm Elastic section modulus about the weak axis
cxf

r yf := 12.05mm

ON
Radius of gyration about the weak axis
LE
MP

Area: 738.27
Area: 738.27
SA

cy1f := 62.13mm Lower region centroid distance from plastic neutral axis

cy2f := 44.24mm Upper region centroid distance from plastic neutral axis

2
0.50 Af = 738.27 mm Half cross section area of mullion

( ) 3
Wpl.xf := 0.5 Af cy1f + cy2f = 78.53 cm Plastic section modulus
C-1.5 COMBINED SECTION PROPERTIES OF UNITIZED MULLION

2
At := Am + Af = 2904.23 mm Total cross section area

4
Itx := Ixm + Ixf = 1024.27 cm Total moment of inertia about the strong axis

4
Ity := Iym + Iyf = 60.59  cm Total moment of inertia about the weak axis

Ixm
LSxm := = 0.49 Load share factor for male mullion
Itx

LY
Ixf
LSxf := = 0.51 Load share factor for female mullion
Itx

C-1.6 MOMENT RESISTANCE FOR LOCAL BUCKLING

ON
250MPa
εm := = 1.25 Slenderness limit coefficient for moment resistance
fo Referenc e: Table 6.2 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

γM1 := 1.10 Partial safety factor for ultimate limit state


Referenc e: Table 6.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

γM2 := 1.25 Partial safety factor for ultimate limit state


Referenc e: Table 6.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007
LE
Limiting Slenderness Ratio
Referenc e: Table 6.2 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

β1i := 11ε m = 13.75 Limit for internal element class 1 section

β2i := 16ε m = 20.00 Limit for internal element class 2 section


MP

β3i := 22 ε m = 27.50 Limit for internal element class 3 section

β1o := 3ε m = 3.75 Limit for outstand element class 1 section

β2o := 4.5ε m = 5.63 Limit for outstand element class 2 section


SA

β3o := 6ε m = 7.50 Limit for outstand element class 3 section

C-1.6.1 Local Buckling Resistance of Male Mullion about the Strong Axis

NOTE:
No. = element number
Type = "O" for outstand, "I" for internal
Stress = "C" for uniform compression, "F" for stress gradient
b = length of element
t = thickness of element
yc = extreme fiber of element under compression (for element under stress gradient)
yo = other extreme fiber of element (for element under stress gradient)
η = stress gradient coefficient (Figure 6.2 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007)
β = slenderness ratio of element (ηb/t)
Slenderness Ratio of Male Mullion Elements (Strong Axis Bending)
Referenc e: Section 6.1.4.3 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

No. Type Stress b t yo yc yo / yc η β


1 O C 25.70 2.50 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 10.28
2 O C 21.40 3.90 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 5.49
3 I C 11.40 3.90 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 2.92
4 O C 33.00 2.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 16.50
5 I C 12.80 2.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 6.40
6 I C 11.40 2.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 5.70
7 I C 22.80 5.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 4.56
8 I F 111.30 3.00 29.25 -82.05 -0.36 0.59 21.89

LY
9 I F 107.30 2.20 27.25 -80.05 -0.34 0.59 28.78
10 I F 43.00 3.00 -31.25 -74.25 0.42 0.83 11.90
11 I F 41.00 2.00 -33.25 -74.75 0.44 0.83 17.02

Element's Designation

ON
2
1
3 8
9
LE

4 5
MP

10

11

7
SA

Male Mullion Elements Classification (Strong Axis Bending)


Referenc e: Section 6.1.4.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

No. Type β β1 β2 β3 Class


1 O 10.28 3.75 5.63 7.50 4
2 O 5.49 3.75 5.63 7.50 2
3 I 2.92 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
4 O 16.50 3.75 5.63 7.50 4
5 I 6.40 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
6 I 5.70 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
7 I 4.56 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
8 I 21.89 13.75 20.00 27.50 3
9 I 28.78 13.75 20.00 27.50 4
10 I 11.90 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
11 I 17.02 13.75 20.00 27.50 2
Male Mullion Class 4 Elements Effective Thickness (Strong Axis Bending)
Referenc e: Section 6.1.5 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

No. Type t β Class C1 C2 ρc t eff


1 O 2.50 10.28 4 10 24 0.86 2.15
2 O 3.90 5.49 2 10 24 1.00 3.90
3 I 3.90 2.92 1 32 220 1.00 3.90
4 O 2.00 16.50 4 10 24 0.62 1.24
5 I 2.00 6.40 1 32 220 1.00 2.00
6 I 2.00 5.70 1 32 220 1.00 2.00
7 I 5.00 4.56 1 32 220 1.00 5.00
8 I 3.00 21.89 3 32 220 1.00 3.00

LY
9 I 2.20 28.78 4 32 220 0.97 2.14
10 I 3.00 11.90 1 32 220 1.00 3.00
11 I 2.00 17.02 2 32 220 1.00 2.00

Effective Section Properties of Male Mullion

Area:
Perimeter:
Bounding box:

Centroid:
1385.35

ON
1035.89
X: -52.77 -- 15.63
Y: -89.01 -- 85.99
X: 0.00
Y: 0.00
Moments of inertia: X: 4890366.65
LE
Y: 341906.45
Product of inertia: XY: 127215.78
Radii of gyration: X: 59.41
Y: 15.71
Principal moments and X-Y directions about centroid:
I: 4893921.97 along [1.00 0.03]
MP

J: 338351.13 along [-0.03 1.00]

4
Ixm.eff := 489.04cm Moment of inertia about strong axis of effective section
SA

4
Iym.eff := 34.16cm Moment of inertia about weak axis of effective section

cym.eff := 89.01mm Extreme fiber distance of effective section

Ixm.eff
3
Weff.xm := = 54.94  cm Effective elastic section modulus about strong axis
cym.eff

Moment Resistance of Male Mullion due to Local buckling (Strong Axis Bending)

Weff.xm  fo
Mu.Rdm := = 7.99 kN m Moment resistance for local buckling
γM1
C-1.6.2 Local Buckling Resistance of Female Mullion about the Strong Axis
NOTE:
No. = element number
Type = "O" for outstand, "I" for internal
Stress = "C" for uniform compression, "F" for stress gradient
b = length of element
t = thickness of element
yc = extreme fiber of element under compression (for element under stress gradient)
yo = other extreme fiber of element (for element under stress gradient)
η = stress gradient coefficient (Figure 6.2 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007)
β = slenderness ratio of element (ηb/t)

LY
Slenderness Ratio of Female Mullion Elements (Strong Axis Bending)
Referenc e: Section 6.1.4.3 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

No. Type Stress b t yo yc yo / yc η β


1 I C 11.40 5.90 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 1.93
2 O C 25.40 5.90 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 4.31

ON
3 I C 11.40 2.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 5.70
4 I C 14.30 2.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 7.15
5 I C 22.80 5.00 N/A N/A N/A 1.00 4.56
6 I F 112.30 3.00 32.36 -79.94 -0.40 0.58 21.71
7 I F 111.30 2.20 31.86 -79.44 -0.40 0.58 29.34
8 I F 40.00 3.00 -34.36 -74.36 0.46 0.83 11.07
9 I F 37.30 2.00 -37.06 -74.36 0.50 0.85 15.85

Element's Designation
LE

1 2
6
MP

7
SA

3 4 8

5
Male Mullion Elements Classification (Strong Axis Bending)
Referenc e: Section 6.1.4.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

No. Type β β1 β2 β3 Class


1 I 1.93 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
2 O 4.31 3.75 5.63 7.50 2
3 I 5.70 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
4 I 7.15 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
5 I 4.56 13.75 20.00 27.50 1
6 I 21.71 13.75 20.00 27.50 3
7 I 29.34 13.75 20.00 27.50 4
8 I 11.07 13.75 20.00 27.50 1

LY
9 I 15.85 13.75 20.00 27.50 2

Male Mullion Class 4 Elements Effective Thickness (Strong Axis Bending)


Referenc e: Section 6.1.5 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

No. Type t β Class C1 C2 ρc t eff

ON
1 I 5.90 1.93 1 32 220 1.00 5.90
2 O 5.90 4.31 2 10 24 1.00 5.90
3 I 2.00 5.70 1 32 220 1.00 2.00
4 I 2.00 7.15 1 32 220 1.00 2.00
5 I 5.00 4.56 1 32 220 1.00 5.00
6 I 3.00 21.71 3 32 220 1.00 3.00
7 I 2.20 29.34 4 32 220 0.96 2.12
8 I 3.00 11.07 1 32 220 1.00 3.00
9 I 2.00 15.85 2 32 220 1.00 2.00
LE
Effective Section Properties of Female Mullion

Area: 1372.24
Perimeter: 947.43
MP

Bounding box: X: -13.48 -- 32.52


Y: -89.00 -- 85.99
Centroid: X: 0.00
Y: 0.00
Moments of inertia: X: 4931840.91
Y: 206371.18
SA

Product of inertia: XY: 16648.15


Radii of gyration: X: 59.95
Y: 12.26
Principal moments and X-Y directions about centroid:
I: 4931899.56 along [1.00 0.00]
J: 206312.53 along [0.00 1.00]

4
Ixf.eff := 493.18cm Moment of inertia about strong axis of effective section

4
Iyf.eff := 20.64cm Moment of inertia about weak axis of effective section

cyf.eff := 89.00mm Extreme fiber distance of effective section


Ixf.eff
3
Weff.xf := = 55.41  cm Effective elastic section modulus about strong axis
cyf.eff

Moment Resistance of Female Mullion due to Local buckling (Strong Axis Bending)

Weff.xf fo
Mu.Rdf := = 8.06 kN m Moment resistance for local buckling
γM1

LY
C-1.7 MOMENT RESISTANCE FOR LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING

Reference: Section 4.5.6 of BS 8118-1:1991


Note: BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 has no provision for elastic critical moment of unsymmetrical section which is necessary for
lateral-torsional buckling analysis. Thus, conservative approach of BS 8118-1:1991 was used (not applying elastic critical
moment), see Appendix B-5

ON
C-1.7.1 Lateral Torsional Buckling Resistance of Male Mullion

γm := 1.20 Material factor for aluminum


Referenc e: Table 3.3 of BS8118-1:1991

Lem
λsm := = 38.22 Lateral torsional buckling slenderness
r ym
LE
γm Mu.Rdm
p1m := = 171.41 MPa Intercept stress
Wel.xm

λsm p1m
λam :=  = 0.60 Buckling stress parameters
MP

π Ea Referenc e: Appendix K of BS8118-1:1991

λ1s := 0.60

cas := 0.10

 1 - cas λ1s 
SA

cas
φm := 0.50  1 + +  = 1.88
 λam
λam
2 
 

 1 
Nam := φm  1 - 1-  = 1.00
 2
λam  φm
2
 

psm := Nam p1m = 171.35 MPa Buckling stress

Wel.xm psm
Mb.Rdm := = 7.99 kN m Factored moment resistance to lateral torsional buckling
γm
C-1.7.2 Lateral Torsional Buckling Resistance of Female Mullion

γm = 1.20 Material factor for aluminum


Referenc e: Table 3.3 of BS8118-1:1991

Lem
λsf := = 52.53 Lateral torsional buckling slenderness
r yf

γm Mu.Rdf
p1f := = 162.00 MPa Intercept stress
Wel.xf

LY
λsf p1f
λaf :=  = 0.80 Buckling stress parameters
π Ea Referenc e: Appendix K of BS8118-1:1991

λ1s = 0.60

cas = 0.10


φf := 0.50   1 +


cas
λaf
+
1 - cas λ1s 

λaf
2
 = 1.29


ON
LE
 1 
Naf := φf  1 - 1-  = 0.95
 2 2
λaf  φf
 

psf := Naf p1f = 153.84 MPa Buckling stress


MP

Wel.xf psf
Mb.Rdf := = 7.65  kN m Factored moment resistance to lateral torsional buckling
γm

C-1.8 GOVERNING MOMENT RESISTANCE OF MULLION


SA

(
MRdm := min Mu.Rdm , Mb.Rdm = 7.99 kN m ) Governing moment resistance of male mullion

(
MRdf := min Mu.Rdf , Mb.Rdf = 7.65 kN m ) Governing moment resistance of female mullion

C-1.9 SHEAR RESISTANCE OF MULLION


Reference: Section 6.2.6 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-3)

εm = 1.25 Slenderness limit coefficient

βs := 39 εm = 48.75 Shear slenderness limit


C-1.9.1 Male Mullion Shear Resistance

Elementm := 9 Element number considered

hwm := 107.3mm Depth of web

twm := 2.20mm Thickness of web

hwm
βvm := = 48.77 Slenderness ratio of web
twm

LY
Classm := "Non-slender" if βvm  βs Web classification

"Slender" otherwise

Classm = "Slender"

ON
fo
λwm := 0.35  βvm = 0.82 Slenderness parameter
Ea Referenc e: Section 6.7.4.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

ρvm := 1.00 Shear buckling factor


Referenc e: Figure 6.28 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

ρvm hwm twm fo


VRdm := = 19.82  kN Shear resistance
3 γM1 Referenc e: Section 6.7.4.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007
LE
C-1.9.2 Female Mullion Shear Resistance

Elementf := 9 Element number considered


MP

hwf := 111.30mm Depth of web

twf := 2.20mm Thickness of web

hwf
βvf := = 50.59 Slenderness ratio of web
twf
SA

Classf := "Non-slender" if βvf  βs Web classification

"Slender" otherwise

Classf = "Slender"

fo
λwf := 0.35 βvf = 0.85 Slenderness parameter
Ea Referenc e: Section 6.7.4.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

ρvf := 0.98 Shear buckling factor


Referenc e: Figure 6.28 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007

ρvf hwf twf fo


VRdf := = 20.15 kN Shear resistance
3 γM1 Referenc e: Section 6.7.4.1 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007
C-1.10 TENSION RESISTANCE OF MULLION
Reference: Section 6.2.3 of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-4)

Am fo
NRdm := = 207.66 kN Tension resistance of male mullion
γM1

Af fo
NRdf := = 214.77 kN Tension resistance of female mullion
γM1

C-1.11 APPLIED LOADS

LY
Load Factor for Ultimate Limit States - Static Equilibrium
Referenc e: Table A1.2 (A) of BS EN 1999-1-1:2007 (see Appendix B-6)

γG.j.sup := 1.35 Load factor for unfavorable permanent actions

ON
γG.j.inf := 0.90 Load factor for favorable permanent actions

γQ := 1.50 Load factor for variable actions

Wind Load

q := 4.50kPa Design wind pressure


Referenc e: Wind Tunnel Test (see Appendix C)
LE
N
wwl := q tw = 5.85 Uniformly distributed load due to wind load
mm

Dead Load
Note: Dead load of transom and other component are applied in STAAD analysis, increasing self-weight by 10%
MP

kg kN
γg := 2500  g = 24.52  Unit weight of glass
3 3
m m

tg := 12.00mm + 6.00mm = 18.00  mm Glass thickness


Referenc e: Section B-1

N
SA

wdl := tg tw γg = 0.57 Dead load due to glass


mm

Load Combination

LCs = DL + WL Load combination for serviceability design

LCu = 1.35DL + 1.5WL Load combination for limit state design


C-1.12 DESIGN CHECK

LY
ON
LE
MP

Moment diagram Shear diagram Axial diagram


NOTE: See Appendix D-1 for full analysis report

C-1.12.1 Design Check for Bending Moment


SA

Mmax := 13.10kN m Maximum ultimate bending moment

Male Mullion Bending Moment Check

Mmax.m := LSxm Mmax = 6.37  kN m Maximum ultimate moment shared by male mullion

MRdm = 7.99 kN m Governing moment resistance of male mullion


Referenc e: Section C-1.8

Comparing:
6.37 < 7.99
Since the maximum ultimate moment is less than the moment resistance,
Thus, the male mullion is adequate in bendig moment.
Female Mullion Bending Moment Check

Mmax.f := LSxf Mmax = 6.73  kN m Maximum ultimate moment shared by female mullion

MRdf = 7.65 kN m Governing moment resistance of female mullion


Referenc e: Section C-1.8

Comparing:
6.73 < 7.65
Since the maximum ultimate moment is less than the moment resistance,
Thus, the female mullion is adequate in bendig moment.

LY
C-1.12.3 Design Check for Shear

Vmax := 16.67kN Maximum ultimate shear

Male Mullion Shear Check

ON
Vmax.m := LSxm Vmax = 8.11  kN Maximum ultimate shear shared by male mullion

VRdm = 19.82 kN Shear resistance of male mullion


Referenc e: Section C-1.9.1

Comparing:
8.11 < 19.82
Since the maximum ultimate shear is less than the shear resistance,
Thus, the male mullion is adequate in shear.
LE
Female Mullion Bending Moment Check

Vmax.f := LSxf Vmax = 8.56  kN Maximum ultimate shear shared by female mullion
MP

VRdf = 20.15  kN Tension resistance of female mullion


Referenc e: Section C-1.9.2

Comparing:
8.56 < 20.15
Since the maximum ultimate shear is less than the shear resistance,
Thus, the female mullion is adequate in shear.

C-1.12.3 Design Check for Tension


SA

Nmax := 3.17kN Maximum ultimate tension

Male Mullion Tension Check

Nmax.m := LSxm Nmax = 1.54 kN Maximum ultimate tension shared by male mullion

NRdm = 207.66 kN Tension resistance of male mullion


Referenc e: Section C-1.10

Comparing:
1.54 < 207.66
Since the maximum ultimate tension is less than the tension resistance,
Thus, the male mullion is adequate in tension.
Female Mullion Tension Check

Nmax.f := LSxf Nmax = 1.63 kN Maximum ultimate tension shared by female mullion

NRdf = 214.77 kN Tension resistance of female mullion


Referenc e: Section C-1.10

Comparing:
1.63 < 214.77
Since the maximum ultimate tension is less than the tension resistance,
Thus, the female mullion is adequate in tension.

C-1.13 DEFLECTION

LY
Deflection Diagram

NOTE: See Appendix D-1 for full analysis report

ON
LE
MP
SA

δmax := 16.52mm Maximum deflection

Lm = 3.80 m Unsupported length of mullion

Lm
δallow := + 5mm = 17.67  mm Allowable deflection of mullion
300 Referenc e: Design crit eria

Comparing:
16.52 < 17.67
Since the maximum deflection is less than the allowable deflection,
Thus, the mullion is adequate in deflection.
Job No Sheet No Rev
APPENDIX D-1 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF 1
UNITIZED MULLION Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

Job Information
Engineer Checked Approved

Name: WLS
Date: 26-OCT-17

LY
Structure Type SPACE FRAME

Number of Nodes 10 Highest Node 30


Number of Elements 9 Highest Beam 28

Number of Basic Load Cases 2

ON
Number of Combination Load Cases 2

Included in this printout are data for:


All The Whole Structure

Included in this printout are results for load cases:


Type L/C Name

Primary 1 DL
LE
Primary 2 WL
Combination 3 DL+WL
Combination 4 1.35DL+1.5WL
MP

3630.00mm

170.00mm

3630.00mm

170.00mm

3630.00mm
SA

170.00mm

3630.00mm

170.00mm

3630.00mm
Y
X
Z Load 1

DIMENSIONS

Print Time/Date: 26/10/2017 22:30 STAAD.Pro for Windows 20.07.04.12 Print Run 1 of 8
Job No Sheet No Rev
2
Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

R1

R1

LY
R1

R1

R1

R1

ON
R1

R1

R1
Y
X
Z Load 1

PROPERTIES
LE
Section Properties
Prop Section Area Iyy Izz J Material
(cm2) (cm4) (cm4) (cm4)
1 Prismatic General 29.042 60.590 1.02E+3 1.000 ALUMINUM
MP

-0.570 kN/m

-0.570
-0.570 kN/m
kN/m
SA

-0.570
-0.570 kN/m
kN/m

-0.570
-0.570 kN/m
kN/m

-0.570
-0.570 kN/m
kN/m

Y
X
Z Load 1

DEAD LOAD

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Job No Sheet No Rev
3
Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

5.850 kN/m

5.850
5.850 kN/m
kN/m

LY
5.850
5.850 kN/m
kN/m

5.850
5.850 kN/m

ON
kN/m

5.850
5.850 kN/m
kN/m

Y
X
Z Load 2

WIND LOAD
LE
Basic Load Cases
Number Name

1 DL
2 WL
MP

Combination Load Cases


Comb. Combination L/C Name Primary Primary L/C Name Factor

3 DL+WL 1 DL 1.00
2 WL 1.00
SA

4 1.35DL+1.5WL 1 DL 1.35
2 WL 1.50

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Job No Sheet No Rev
4
Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

Max: 14.45 kNm

LY
Max: -2.83 kNm

Max: 13.04 kNm

Max: -2.70 kNm

ON
Max: 13.10 kNm

Max: -2.71 kNm

Max: 13.10 kNm

Max: -2.71 kNm

Max: 13.10 kNm


Y
LE
X Load 4Bending
: Z
Z Moment - kNm

MOMENT DIAGRAM (1.35DL+1.5WL)


MP
SA

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Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

Max: -15.93 kN

LY
Max: 17.42 kN
Max: -16.71 kN

Max: 16.64 kN
Max: -16.67 kN

Max: -16.67 kN

ON
Max: 16.67 kN

Max: 16.67 kN
Max: -16.67 kN

Y
LE
X Load 4 : Shear Y
Z Force - kN

SHEAR DIAGRAM (1.35DL+1.5WL)


MP
SA

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Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

-3.17 kN

LY
-3.17
0 kNkN
0.15 kN -3.17 kN

-3.17
0 kNkN
0.15 kN -3.17 kN

ON
-3.17
0 kNkN
0.15

-3.17
0 kNkN
0.15
kN -3.17 kN

kN -3.17 kN

Y
LE
X Load 4 : Axial Force
Z Force - kN
-3.17
0 kN kN

AXIAL DIAGRAM (1.35DL+1.5WL)


MP
SA

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Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

Max: 17.56 mm

LY
Max: 2.13 mm

Max: 15.34 mm

Max: 2.16 mm

ON
Max: 15.45 mm

Max: 2.15 mm

Max: 15.39 mm

Max: 2.26 mm

Max: 16.52 mm
Y
LE
X Load 3 : Displacement
Z Displacement - mm

DEFLECTION (DL+WL)
MP
SA

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Job No Sheet No Rev
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Part
Software licensed to HP
Job Title UNITIZED MULLION Ref

By WLS Date26-OCT-17 Chd

Client File UNITIZED MULLION.std Date/Time 26-Oct-2017 22:27

X = -10.62 kN
Y = 2.35 kN
Z = 0.00 kN
MX = FREE
MY = 0.00 kNm
MZ = FREE
X = -22.75 kN
Y = 2.46 kN
Z = 0.00 kN
MX = FREE

LY
MY = 0.00 kNm
MZ = FREE

X = -22.21 kN
Y = 2.46 kN
Z = 0.00 kN
MX = FREE
MY = 0.00 kNm
MZ = FREE
X = -22.23 kN
Y = 2.46 kN

ON
Z = 0.00 kN
MX = FREE
MY = 0.00 kNm
MZ = FREE

X = -22.23 kN
Y = 2.46 kN
Z = 0.00 kN
MX = FREE
MY = 0.00 kNm
MZ = FREE
X = -10.12 kN
Y = FREE
Z = 0.00 kN
Y MX = FREE
X MY = 0.00 kNm
Z Load 3
MZ = FREE
LE

REACTIONS (DL+WL)
MP
SA

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