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All units written in this colour are for lower – mid intermediate levels
All units written in this colour are for mid intermediate to upper intermediate levels
All units written in this colour are for upper intermediate to advanced levels
Prepositions of time Prepositions of place Indirect Questions Have you got? Present Continuous for the future Modal verbs
2 3 6 7 8 10
Used to + infinitive False Friends (English / Spanish) False Friends (Spanish / English) An A to Z of Idioms and Slang Phrasal Verb Glossary The most common irregular verbs
13 19 22 25 43 58
Prepositions of time
There are three main prepositions of time in English: at, on and in
1. We use at to talk about a specific time or age :
At six o´clock ( 6 a.m./ p.m.) At midnight (12 a.m.) At the age of 16 At quarter past three At midday
2. We use on to talk about a specific day or date:
On the 25th December On the 16th May On Sunday mornings On Monday
3. We use in to talk about a period of time:
In spring / summer / autumn / winter In January / February 3
In the morning, the afternoon, the evening (BUT, at night) In 1990, 2001 etc Important!! We do not use at/on /in before this /last / every /next: i.e. They are having a meeting this morning (not in this morning) He visits his client every Monday (not on every Monday)
Activity A: Choose the correct preposition (at / on / in) and put in the gap*
______8th September _____ Sunday _____Sunday 1st May _____1987 ____ December
____Christmas Day ____ the morning ___ Thursday morning ___ the weekend ____ winter
___the end of the day ___ night ____ Friday night ____ March 19th ____ Tuesday
see the end of this unit for the answers
Prepositions of place
AT We use at when we talk about an address / location or a certain point:
I work at the office in Joseph Victor Street, not Dillon Street The bank is at the end of the street I´ll meet you at the restaurant 4
You can leave your luggage at reception
We use on when we talk about an address but we give Orly the street nme and not the building number: I work on Park Street The bank / restaurant is on Rooney Street.
We use in when we talk about a town, a village, a city, a country or a room:
I live in Madrid She works in Austria but lives in Switzerland The meeting is in the main conference room
Important!! We can use at or in to talk about a building: in means inside only at means inside, in the grounds or just outside
It´s too cold to wait here outside, I´ll meet you in the restaurant We´re meeting at the restaurant tonight.
a conference. home.) a Business trip. the airport. 1998. Spain. Christmas Day the weekend (U.K. noon.S.S.Review of Prepositions of time and place For time On In At Monday.) January. Manchester.). a restaurant At Answers to activity A On 8th September On Sunday On Sunday 1st May In 1987 In December On Christmas Day in the morning On Thursday morning On / at the weekend in winter At the end of the day at night On Friday night On March 19th On Tuesday 6 . the office. night. the weekend (U. 12th July. summer. a meeting A meeting.) vacation (U. Christmas For place On In Holiday (U. half an hour 10 o´clock.K. the morning. the hospital (you are a patient).
Can / could you tell me…?. We use direct questions to ask for specific information and can be open (more than one possible answer) or closed (yes/no) ended questions. are usually asking for knowledge. Indirect questions usually start with: Do you know…?. Two examples include: • • Where are you from? (open ended) Are you from Madrid? (closed) Indirect questions. etc) in the question. or Do you remember…? • • • Do you know where Angela is? Do you remember where we went? Could you tell me what the time is? Notice that there is usually one adverb (when. It is very important to understand this question style as it is very common in English. especially for being formal or polite. memory or the ability to give information. here. there. where. however. These are very helpful when asking for or confirming information. 7 .Indirect Questions There are two types of questions in English: direct questions and indirect questions.
Make sure you pay attention to the noun you use. family. please? Do you remember how we met? Do you remember what I told you yesterday? Do you remember when we had dinner? Have you got…? You are probably familiar with the question. • • • • • • • • Do you know where the pharmacy is? Do you know how much this pen costs? Can you tell me where the theater is? Can you tell me how much I have to pay? Could you tell me who the author of this book is. a job etc) however. “Do you have…?” which indicates posession of something (time.Also notice that in these questions the verb comes AFTER the NOUN. “Have you got…?” uses have as an auxiliary verb and got to define posession. but can be used anywhere. in British English than American English. 8 . there is also another option you can use that is more colloquial. You can only use this expression in the PRESENT TENSE.
I haven´t got any. appointments. I haven´t. sorry. If it´s a countable noun make sure you use the article “a” or “an” in the singular form and “any” in the plural form. we´ve got many rooms available. dinners and important social events. They´re meeting next week. Have you got a magazine? No. The present continuous demonstrates certainty and planning for things such as: meetings. Yes. Have you got any stamps? Yes. urgently. I´ve got lots.• • If it´s an uncountable noun you should use ANY before the noun. I lost it. Have you got a room available? Yes. Sorry! Using the Present Continous for future When you make a planned arrangement in your schedule and you have confirmation it will happen.m. flights. Have you got the time. I´m sorry I haven´t got one. Have you got an envelope? I need to send this letter. please? No. I haven´t got any! Have you got a lighter? No. 9 . I would like to make a reservation for next week. Here are some examples to help you: Have you got any brothers or sisters? Yes. I´ve got 2 brothers and a sister. I´m working on Monday She´s coming here at 9:45 a. Have you got any pictures? No. you should use the present continuous. Hello. I do. I really want to see what she looks like.
later. or diary entry) For example: I´m going to have dinner with my parents after I see you. 10 . They´re going to visit us next month. tomorrow. The most common one is : What are you doing…? Followed by a specific time in the future such as after. What are you doing after your class? What are you doing later? What are you doing tomorrow night? What are you doing after lunch? *Notice how the contractions are used with the verb TO BE IMPORTANT: Going to + infinitive is also used to talk about the future. etc.I´m seeing the doctor this morning. I´m flying to London on Monday I´m going to charity dinner next month. The only difference is that there is no concrete confirmation ( such as a plane ticket. tonight. I´m going to call her to confirm. Questions can also be made using this format.
you can´t I have to take someone to the airport. (formal) May / May not • Possibility (approx 50 %) 11 .Modal Verbs Modal verbs are extremely common and are always used before the main verb to add. possibility. Could / Could not / couldn´t / *to be able to • Ability in the past We couldn´t go on holiday in the end as we had to repair the house. (*This is the most grammatically correct use of the modal in the past but the majority of native speakers will rarely use this. please? Yes. It is more colloquial) • Permission or requests in the present (formal and polite contexts) Could I have a glass of water. please? No. ability. Could you give me a moment. emphasis. Can you play any musical instruments? • Permission or requests Can I use your car tonight.. of course you can. We *weren´t able to go on holiday………. impossibility. please? I´ll try to connect you. necessity and advice. Most will prefer couldn´t for the past. Can / cannot / can´t • Ability I can play the guitar and the piano. doubt.
I was so tired at work today. it is most likely they will NOT do the action) • Possibility (approx 50%) I think I might be getting a cold. (probably won´t) Must / Must not / mustn´t (Strong obligation) • Necessity ( this is from the speaker´s perspective. that Versace jacket must have cost you fortune! It´s beautiful! 12 . I might go to this party tonight but I´m not sure. Must be (deduction) • He must be rich. I see him drive three different Ferraris every week.I may not be here tomorrow as my wife is quite ill. of course. I don´t feel so well. I may get up early tomorrow but I´ll see how I feel. Wow. I really must go to the gym I´ve put on a lot of weight recently. Might / might not (Usually when someone uses this modal for plans and activities. internal) I must go to bed early tonight. • Positive suggestion You must go and see that film from Martin Scorsese. • Permission (very formal and polite) May I use the telephone? Yes. Must have + past participle ( past deduction) It must have rained in the night there are puddles everywhere.e. i.
used in films with the same meaning as will) We shall conquer this land and take what is rightfully ours ! • Offers 13 . • *A colloquial form of must from the speaker. I´ve got to go to the dentist tomorrow *Most native speakers will use this form Should or ought to / should not / shouldn´t • Good ideas / a strong opinion (speaker wants to influence) I think that you should phone work to tell them you will be late (this is a good idea) You should / ought to see the doctor about your cough (strong opinion) You shouldn´t go tomorrow you know it´ll be very loud and crowded. (usually with ´have got to´) I´ve got to apologise to her.e. i.Have to (Strong obligation) • Necessity (this is usually from an external authority. I feel awful.Limited usage for I and we (This is quite old fashioned. • Should have / should not have (past regret) I should have spoken to him before the interview for more advice (the person DID NOT speak to him) I shouldn´t have said that! (the person said something which they regret) Shall . You have to be 18 to drink in that bar. legal/ government) You have to be at least 18 to watch this film.
with negative consequences if the person (subject / object) does not do something. 14 . You had better keep quiet or else they will find us! Used to + infinitive… for past actions or habits ♦ Phil doesn´t play football much these days. BUT not any more) When something used to happen = this was common in the past. he prefers going to the gym.Shall I make you some coffee? Yes. please that would be perfect! • Suggestions Shall we go? It´s getting late Which film shall we see? I fancy a horror film! Had better • Used as a very high level importance suggestion / threat. ♦ But he used to play football all the time. ♦ He used to play every day at school and he used to play on weekends as well. but no longer happens. I´d better get up otherwise I´ll be late for work again You´d better study for the exam this year otherwise you´ll have to repeat a year. ♦ (He used to play a lot = in the past.
Important! # 1 You cannot say used to for something in the present tense. we use did (you) use to + infinitive…. She used to be a drug addict but she has changed completely since she had help. (stopped) Now I don’t smoke at all. We also say ‘used to’ for things that were true but that are not true in the present. I never knew! 15 . try something like : I usually go to the cinema at the weekends OR I normally go to the cinema at the weekends OR I watch movies in the evenings quite often When asking a question. It used to be a clothes boutique.? Did Did Did Did you you you you use use use use to to to to listen to heavy metal music? I can´t believe it! drive a Ferrari? How exciting! play the piano when you were a young boy? smoke a lot? Wow. I used to like really loud rock music but now I prefer classical symphonies. I used to hate mushrooms but now I eat them with everything. A lot of people confuse used to with usually So. Ryan used to go out a lot but now he has a family so he doesn’t go out any more. This shop is now a coffee bar.I used to smoke a lot but I gave up.
Compare what Ed said 5 years ago and what he says today. Many of my friends moved away. I don´t speak Spanish I like Geography at school I feel very unmotivated I was in love with my girlfriend Today I prefer going to the gym Tequila is delicious. write some sentences describing how Ed has changed. please complete the following test. Important! # 2 Do not confuse I used to + infinitive with I am used to + gerund. I have no problem with this. Now. I don´t study. I live in Madrid now. I feel really motivated. So. (next page) 16 . although not well. I´m used to walking to work = I walk to work now. I speak Spanish. as I work. You must use used to / didn´t use to in the first part of the sentence. I have been doing this for some time. to practise. The meanings are completely different!* *For example : I used to walk to work = in the past but not these days. I love having beers with friends. I don´t like football any more. 5 years ago I go running in the park a lot I don´t like tequila I don´t drink beer I like playing football all the time I have many friends I live in Hampton. these days. My girlfriend and I split up.
but but but but but but but but but but I prefer going to the gym 17 .(see the next page for answers) 1. 6. I didn´t use to…. 9. 5. I used to go running in the park 2. 7. 3. 8. 4. 10.
I don´t study anymore I feel really motivated. my girlfriend and I split up. many of my friends have moved away I live in Madrid now I speak Spanish. I used to go running in the park 2. I didn´t use to speak Spanish 8. I used to have many friends 6. I love having beers with friends I don´t like football any more. I didn´t use to like tequila 3. although not well. I used feel very unmotivated 10. these days. I didn´t use to drink beer 4. Answers: 1. 18 . I used to be in love but but but but but but but but but but I don´t go running any more now I think tequila is delicious now. I used to like Geography at school 9. I used to like playing football 5. I used to live in Hampton 7.
Content Despite not winning the game he was content with his overall performance. Curse Hugo thought he was cursed as his huge wealth only brought him bad luck. Collar It was so hot outside when he left the office that he decided to loosen his collar and tie. Tarjeta ¿Le gustaría pagar por tarjeta o en efectivo? Intento El atleta consiguió su meta en su tercer intento. Too many carbohydrates will make you constipated and tired. Alfombra Es mas común tener alfombra en el suelo en países fríos. 19 . Satisfecho Estuvo satisfecho con su actuación en general aunque no ganase el partido. Agenda The boss was glad his secretary organised his agenda as he was incredibly busy. Constipated A balanced diet with fibre is essential for good health. Programa del Dia El jefe estaba contento que su secretaria había organizado su agenda ya que estaba muy ocupado. Estadio El estadio estaba lleno a su capacidad de 80.False Friends Common English words and their equivalent Spanish translations Advise The doctor advised me to rest in bed for a few days. Cuello (de camisa) Hacia tanto calor cuando salió de la oficina que decidió soltarse el cuello y la corbata. Te sentirás estreñida y cansada con demasiados carbohidratos. Aconsejar El medicó me aconsejó reposo por unos días. Discusión Estuvo llorando después de haber tenido una discusión con su novio. Argument She was crying after having an argument with her boyfriend. Intended We intended to reach Barcelona by noon. Conservatory After winning the lottery he decided to add a conservatory onto the house.000 fans. Invernadero Decidió añadir un invernadero en su casa después de ganar la lotería. Card “Would you like to pay with your card or in cash?” Attempt The athlete achieved his target on his third attempt. Previsto Teníamos previsto llegar a Barcelona a mediodía. Carpet It´s more common to have carpet on the floor in colder countries. Arena The arena was filled to its capacity of 80. Cigar He likes to relax in his study and smoke a Cuban cigar in the evenings. Puro Le gusta relajarse en su despacho y fumar puros Cubanos por las tardes. Maldición Hugo pensó que estaba maldecido ya que su gran fortuna solo le traía mala suerte. Estreñido Una comida equilibrada con fibra es esencial para una buena salud.000 fans.
Fingir Fingio estar herido pero el jugador no le toco. Educated Una Buena Educación It was obvious from listening to him speak in Es obvío al escucharle hablar en publíco que tiene public that he is well educated. Library I’m going to the library to study for my exams. una buena educación. Increíble ¡Esta obra es increíble! Volveré a verla otra vez. textil Hoy en día. Notice If you are coming to stay please give me good notice so I can make a bed in the spare room. Repugnancia El niño mostro su repugnancia al oler la manzana podrida. Éxito El secreto de su éxito fue trabajar duro y tener buena previsión. Parcel Audrey ordered some new clothes from an online shop and three days later she got the parcel.Discussion It was a very positive discussion for all employees. Al years. Tela. Eventually. Conversación Fue una conversación muy positiva para todos los empleados. but the player did not touch him. Pretend He pretended he was injured. Paquete Audrey hizo un pedido de ropa nueva de una tienda online y 3 días más tarde recibio el paquete. Aviso Si vas a venir a quedarte por favor avísame bien para que haga una cama en la habitación libre. del accidente. Disgust The boy showed his disgust when smelling the rotten apple. Particular She has a particular taste for vintage clothes. Success The secret of his success was hard work and great foresight. Especial Tiene un gusto especial para la ropa vintage. it took her 5 but she managed final tardó 5 pero consiguió terminarlo! to finish it! Exit Salida To get to my house you have to take the third exit Tienes que tomar la terceda salida hacia el towards the airport aeropuerto para llegar a mi casa. Embarrassed Avergonzado He was extremely embarrassed when his trousers Estuvo muy avergonzado cuando se le cayeron los fell down! pantalones! Eventually Finalmente/ al final She thought the research would only take her 2 Pensó que su investigación tardaría solo 2 años. 20 . Biblioteca Me voy a la biblioteca a estudiar para mis examenes. Divert Desviar After the accident the police diverted the traffic La policía desvío el trafíco hacia otra ruta después along another route. Fabrics Nowadays. Terrific This play is terrific! I’m going to see it again. fashion designers use all kinds of fabrics to create new and interesting clothes. los diseñadores de moda usan todo tipo de telas para crear ropa nueva e interesante.
Darse cuenta No me di cuenta que era tu padre pero tiene sentido ahora porque tienes su aspecto. Realize I didn´t realize he was your father. Firma ¿Me puedes dar tu firma para confirmar que has recibido este paquete? Pala Nunca llevo a los niños a la playa sin su cubo y pala. Spectacles (old fashioned ) My Grandfather couldn’t see a thing without his spectacles. Me suena Su nombre me suena. Attend It is essential that you attend the meeting tomorrow. Rope When we were young we made a swing with some rope and a piece of large wood. but it makes sense now because you have his looks. 21 .Preservative This organic food tastes wonderful! It must be because it contains no preservatives.30 a. Asistir a Es esencial que asistas la reunión mañana. Familiar Her name is familiar. Conservante !Está comida organíca sabe de maravillas! Tiene que ser porque no contiene conservantes. Conform The standards of hygiene in the restaurant did not conform to Government regulations. Gafas Mi abuelo no podía ver nada sin sus gafas. Comprensivo My padre no es muy comprensivo cuando le digo que tengo que levantarme a las 6:30 para trabajar. Cuerda.m. soga Cuando eramos niños hicimos un columpio con cuerda y un trozo grande de madera. Signature Can you give me your signature to confirm you have received this parcel? Spade I never take the kids to the beach without their bucket and spade. Remove Please. Quitar Por favor quiten toda la pintura de las paredes. remove all the paint from the walls. Sensible Be sensible and take an umbrella with you when you’re in London in December. Sympathetic My father is not very sympathetic when I tell him I have to get up for work at 6. Sensato Sé sensato y coge un paraguas cuando estés en Londres en Diciembre. Cumplir con Los niveles de higiene en el restaurante no cumplían con las regulaciones del gobierno.
Letter I received a letter from my grandmother. Intentar Las niñas intentaran llegar a la hora. 22 . Animar Tenemos que animarla antes de la competición. Necklace I love your natural pearl necklace! Planner We couldn’t find her planner among so many papers. Carta Recibí una carta de mi abuela. Casualidad Me encontré con una amiga del colegio por casualidad. Cheer We have to cheer her up before the competition. Disgusto Vas a tener un disgusto cuando te enteres donde estuvo. Actualizar Debemos de actualizar todos los ordenadores Constipado Estoy constipado desde hace mas de dos semanas. Coincidence I ran into a friend from school by coincidence. Collar ¡Me encanta tu collar de perlas naturales! Agenda No pudimos encontrar su agenda entre tantos papeles. Easily This bottle opens easily.False Friends Common Spanish words and their equivalent English translations Spanish Avisar Te aviso que habrá mucho trafíco por la ciudad. Fácilmente Esta botella se abre fácilmente. Preservatives This brand uses a lot of preservatives on its products. Conservante Esta marca usa muchos conservantes en sus productos. Upset You will get upset when you find out where she was. Traducción ¿Podrías hacer una traducción del inglés al castellano? Trasladar La oficina central se va a trasladar a las afueras de la ciudad. Firmar Hay que firmar este documento antes del fin de año. English Warn I’m warning you that there is going to be a lot of traffic in the city. Translation Would you do an English‐ Spanish translation? Move The main office will move to the outskirts of the city Update We should update all the computers Sick I’ve been sick for more than 2 weeks. Try The girls will try to get there on time. Sign This document must be signed before the end of the year.
Símpatico Todos los alumnos de esta clase son símpaticos Surtido Comprame un surtido de chocolates y bonbones. Informe Entrégame el informe lo más pronto posible. Compromiso Tengo un compromiso y no lo voy a romper Convenio Tenemos un convenio de 5 años. Convertirse (no religioso) El quiere convertirse en el hombre más poderoso del mundo. Advisable It’s advisable for you to go to class 2 days a week Become He wants to become the most powerful man in the world. Gorgeous Not only does this coat keep you warm but it is also gorgeous! Commit People have to commit to helping those who are in need. Comercial (n) El comercial se encarga de todos los pedidos. Agreement We have a 5 year agreement 23 . Safe There are some countries that are not very safe Sure Are you sure that this is the number? Sales Sales are a good opportunity to buy things at a good price. Nice All of the students in this class are nice Assortment Buy me an assortment of chocolate and candy Still You can’t be still not even for a minute! To have available I have the best beauty products available in Spain. Availability What’s the availability of flights to Paris? News Have you heard the news about the accident? Sue They have been sued for negligence and abuse. Salesperson The salesperson is in charge of all the orders. Precioso ¡Este abrigo no solo tapa contra el frio.Seguro Hay algunos países que no están muy seguros. Disponibilidad ¿Qué disponibilidad hay de vuelos para Paris? Noticias ¿Has oído las noticias sobre el accidente? Demandar (legal) Han sido demandados por negligencia y abuso. Report Hand me the report as soon as possible. Recurrir Recurriré esta sancción con todos los medios possible. Reparación La reparación del coche solo se puede hacer mañana. Convenir Te conviene ir a clase por lo menos 2 días a la semana. Quieto ¡No puedes estar quieto ni siquiera un minuto! Disponer Dispongo de los mejores productos de belleza en España. Appeal I will appeal this sanction with all possible means. Commitment I made a commitment and I’m not going to break it. Seguro ¿Estas seguro de que este es el numero? Rebajas Las rebajas son una buena oportunidad de comprar cosas a buen precio Rebate Ella rebatió sus argumentos. Refute She refuted his arguments. pero también es precioso! Comprometer La gente tiene que comprometerse a ayudar los más necesitados. Repair The repairs on the car can only be done tomorrow.
Sensitive She’s a very sensitive girl. Aprobar Tienes que aprobar todas tus materias. Folder The folders are next to the computer. To See He will see you if you need it. Pasar Vamos a pasar 5 días en las montañas. Suceso Los sucesos de anoche fueron desafortunantes. Presumir Le gusta presumir del dinero que tiene. It’s better not to It’s better not to go to this meeting. Discutir Estuvieron discutiendo toda la noche. Answer Can you answer all the questions? Resort to We have to resort to other methods if we want results. To pass You have to pass all your subjects. Realizar Realizaron todas sus metas en poco tiempo. Carpeta Las carpetas están al lado del ordenador. To show off He likes to show off the money he has. To achieve They achieved their goals in little time. Profitar (positivo) Vamos a profitar de la nieve que hay para esquiar. 24 . Spend We are going to spend 5 days in the mountains. Guardar ¿Donde guardas tus camisas planchadas? Atentado Hubo un atentado violento contra el alcalde. Atender El te va a atender si lo necesitas. Incident Last night´s incidents were unfortunate. Contestar ¿Puedes contestar todas las preguntas? Recurrir Hay que recurrir a otros metodos si queremos resultados. Argue They were arguing all night. Keep Where do you keep your ironed shirts? attack There was a violent attack against the mayor. Make the most of We´re going to make the most of the snow there is to ski.Convenir No conviene ir a esta reunión. Sensible Es una chica muy sensible.
That's great!" • and then some: and much more besides. etc "Somebody said you aced the test. "Yes. Dave. almost too late." • as easy as pie: very easy. Just sitting around and waiting is making me antsy. embarrassing (and probably untrue) things about someone. impatient and tired of waiting.An A to Z of Idioms and Slang A • ace: make an "A" on a test. I finished it at the eleventh hour. homework assignment." 25 . B • bad-mouth: say unkind. Why is he bad-mouthing me?" B: "He's probably jealous of your success.000." • at the eleventh hour: at the last minute. A: "Bob said the test was difficult. but I thought it was a piece of cake. "I hope Katy calls soon. That exam was as easy as pie. I got the work done in time. project. unflattering. A: "I'd guess your new computer cost about $2. " B: " And then some because I also bought extra RAM and VRAM." • be a piece of cake: be very easy. A: "I don't believe what Bob said." • antsy: restless.
"I'm really tired." • beat: exhausted.• be all ears: be eager to hear what someone has to say. I'm beat!" • beat around the bush: evade an issue. "No. I'm all ears!" • be broke: be without money." • be fed up with (with someone or something): be out of patience (with someone or something). "Stop beating around the bush! Just tell me if you want to come!" • Beats me: I have no idea. I've been on the go all week long. A: "I just got an e-mail message from our old friend Sally. "Bill. "The new company has been up and running since December 1995. be ready to use ." • be on the road: be travelling." • be up and running: (for a technological process) be operational. I'm completely broke until payday." B: "Tell me what she said. you're too careless. not being direct enough. A: "What time's the party?" B: " It beats me!" 26 . "You won't be able to contact me tomorrow because I'll be on the road. "This has been a long day. very tired (adj. I can't lend you ten pounds. be very tired of someone or something. I'm fed up with apologizing for your mistakes!" • be on the go: be very busy (going from one thing or project to another).).
A: "I'm really tired of working. He blew his top!" • the bottom line: the most essential information." • blow one's top: become extremely angry. inflexible. "Don't say anything to Bob unless you want the whole office to know. "Don't be so bull-headed." B: "Just be patient." • Break a leg!: Good luck! "I understand you have a job interview tomorrow. The weekend will be here before long." • bite off more than one can chew: take responsibility for more than one can manage. Break a leg!" • bug: annoy. I think I bit off more than I could chew!" • blabbermouth: a very talkative person--especially one who says things that should be kept secret. A: "Was your father upset when you came home at 3 AM?" B: "He was more than upset. The bottom line was that the XYZ Company isn't for sale. "I'm trying to concentrate! Don't bug me!" • bull-headed: stubborn. Bob's quite a blabbermouth. "The meeting lasted many hours. "I'm really behind with my project.• before long: soon. Why can't you admit that others' opinions are just as good as yours?" 27 . bother.
so has the same meaning as chill (out) 28 . "I'm not ready for the test tomorrow. Were you having "I can't make heads or tails problems with your computer?" • *chill (out): to relax or calm down I´m going to chill out tonight and sleep. This time I only finished by the skin of my teeth. Why don't you call it a day?" • can't make heads or tails of something: can't understand something at all. very late at night. "I'll have to start earlier the next time. of your e-mail. "It's late and you've achieved a lot.• a bundle: a lot of money." B: "It should be." • bushed: very tired. A: "Your new car is really nice. I was out til late last night. It cost me a bundle!" • burn the midnight oil: study/work all night or until very." C • call it a day: stop work for the day. • chillax (Very new in the English language . I guess I'll have to burn the the midnight oil. find something confusing and illogical. exhausted. "I'm going to lie down for a while." • by the skin of one's teeth: barely succeed in doing something. I'm really bushed.-) This new and cool expression is a combination of chill + relax .
chop chop. The train leaves in an hour. D • Don't count your chickens until (before) they hatch (they've hatched). be very expensive." 29 . I think I should take a crash course in French to help me get by when I´m there. A: "Your new car is really nice. Just cool it!" / chill out • cost (someone) an arm and a leg: cost a lot." B: "Don't count your chickens until they hatch!" • down in the dumps: depressed. A: I'm sure that I'm going to win a lot of money in Las Vegas.(*As above) I´m so tired I´m going to stay in and chillax tonight. pack your bag. "Sidney did well on the test because he crammed for it.: Don't assume that something will happen until it has happened. "You're a real couch potato. "blue. to give a lot of I´m going to France next year. • Chop chop : hurry up Come on." B: "It should be. • crash course: short course designed knowledge/information in a very short time. Jay. You need to get more exercise!" • cram: try to learn as much as possible in a very short time. • Cool it / chill out: calm down or relax "There's no need to be so upset. It cost (me) an arm and a leg!" • couch potato: someone who spends too much time watching TV.
" • Ear candy : popular and commercial music that is easy to listen to but intellectually unchallenging. "Jan is certainly an eager beaver." • fire someone: dismiss someone from a job because of poor performance. isn´t it? • eat humble pie : to make a humble apology and accept humiliation The Mayor of New York had to eat his humble pie when admitting to his sordid activities. "Joe should have finished his project a week ago. Why is he dragging his feet?" E • an eager beaver: a person who is always willing to volunteer or do extra work. but I feel kind of down in the dumps. "That story's pretty far-fetched.A: "Is something wrong?" B: "Not really." • for ages / for beards: for a very long time." 30 . the company will fire you. difficult to believe. she's the first to say she'll help. Nobody's going to believe it. F • far-fetched: difficult to accept. "Where's Marie? I haven't seen her for ages for beards." • drag one's feet: delay. I guess that song´s OK but it´s just ear candy really. Any time there's work to be done. "If you continue to be late for work. take longer than necessary to do something.
but it's getting on my nerves. make someone upset. effort." • get lost!: go away "I wish he'd get lost and stop bothering me. They say some very funny things." • get one's wires crossed: be confused or mistaken about something. I don't get it. Don't we have one?" B: "No. 31 . "Yes. "I know you like that song. "Sorry. "I really get a kick out of listening to children talk. Can you play something else?" • get a move / wriggle on: hurry "If you don't want to be late." • get out of hand: become out of control. What do you mean?" • get a kick out of something: find something amusing / exciting. but it'll look nice again with a little elbow grease. "Look at the time! I'd better get going!" • get it: understand something (often negative). I guess Bill got his wires crossed. become badly managed.• elbow grease: hard work. I don't want to talk to him!" • get on one's nerves: irritate someone. A: "Bill said there was a meeting this morning. the car is pretty dirty. The meeting's tomorrow." G • get going: leave. you'd better get a move / wriggle on.
" • go with the flow / be water my friend : take things as they come. hard-working person. Can you give me a hand?" • give someone a hand (2): applaud (to show respect or appreciation for someone/something). "I know it's a hassle filling in this form. "What a great performance by the young artist. Let's give him a hand!" • a (real) go-getter: a (very) ambitious. A: "I'm going to Las Vegas. He's definitely a real go-getter. Rogers needs it urgently." • give someone a hand (1): help someone. "I'm really hungry. I don't have any get up and go."Your absences are getting out of hand. but Mr. "There's no need to worry. something troublesome that interrupts one's normal routine. "I can't do this alone. Everything will be OK if you just go with the flow / be water my friend. "John finished before anyone else. 32 . Would you like to grab a bite with me?" H • hassle (noun): a troublesome situation." • grab a bite: get something to eat. I know I'll win a lot of money!" B: "Get real! You'll probably lose a lot of money!" • get up and go: energy/ motivation "I'm really tired." • Get real!: Be realistic! / Don't be naive. You'd better do something quickly to improve the situation if you want to keep your job. Bob.
" • hit the hay / hit the sack/ crash out: go to bed. She's pretty hard-headed.¨ 33 . I have my hands full at the moment." • hassle (verb): annoy. I might get this finished on time!" • have one's hands full: be extremely busy (stressed)." B: "I have no hard feelings toward him." • inside out: with the inner part on the outside and the outer part on the inside. • hit the books: study." I • In over one's head: in a situation that is too difficult for one to manage. I know that he had stronger qualifications. A: "I'm sorry that Jim got the job instead of you. bitter feelings. but I've got to hit the books. "I don't think Julie will change her mind.• No hard feelings: anger. unwilling to change. interrupt one's normal routine. inflexible. A: "I´m afraid I can´t help this afternoon." • hard-headed: stubborn. go to sleep. "It's late. "If you'd stop hassling me. animosity. "Could you help me? I'm in over my head. I´ve read it about 50 times. so I´m going to hit the hay/ sack/ crash out. "I wish I could go to the movies. "Why are you wearing your tee shirt inside out?" ¨ I know this book inside out. bother. I just can't handle things alone. OR when you are very knowledgable about something.
She won't even say hello. "Remember to keep an eye on the time." B: "You're jumping to conclusions.• in the black: profitable. A: "Laura just doesn't like me. sending e34 . he said. not showing a financial loss. Actually." B: "Chuck jumped the gun. calling." • junk mail: unsolicited mail (usually advertisements for something you're not interested in). "What did you do to increase profit and eliminate losses? We've been in the black for two months in a row." • To keep it up: to continue doing something (well). 'I'm bringing the cake to your party." • Keep / stay in touch (with someone): remain informed (about someone) / in contact (with someone) by writing. We've been in the red for two months in a row." K • keep an eye on: check something regularly. "Keep up the good work as you might get promoted. I hope you like it!" • jump to conclusions: decide something too quickly and without thinking about it or considering all the facts. "We have to do something to increase profit and decrease losses. showing a financial loss. We have to leave at 4:30." • in the red: unprofitable. A: "How did Marsha know about the party? It was supposed to be a surprise. Without thinking." J • jump the gun: do something before it's time to do it. she's very shy. "I didn't have any letters today--only junk mail.
" • live and let live: don't unnecessarily make things difficult. but let sleeping dogs lie. I know you really hoped you would get it." • keep one's fingers crossed: hope for the best." L • a let-down: a disappointment. I´m actually 26" • a know-(it)-all: someone who acts as if he/she knows everything--as if no one can tell him/her anything that he/she doesn't already know. "I'm not going to criticize Alice's family just because their habits are a little strange.mail. get drunk and have fun." • Let sleeping dogs lie. 35 .: Don't cause problems by doing something when it isn't necessary. do as you wish and let others do as they wish. "I was kidding when I said I was 21. "It must've been quite a let-down not to be chosen for that job. but I won't know until tomorrow. you'll only make things worse. I'm keeping my fingers crossed!" • To kid (verb): playfully say something that isn't true. My motto is 'live and let live. "Don't try to make any suggestions to Bob. "I know that what Julie said made you angry.'" • To have it large : to go out with friends in the city. on a regular basis. "I haven't seen Frank for two years but we keep (stay) in touch by e-mail. etc. He's a know-(it)-all and won't pay attention to anything you say. A: "How did you do on the test?" B: "I think I passed. If you say or do anything. something that's very disappointing.
José !: Absolutely not! (a strong "no")." • No way. we'll go without you. There's really nothing to worry about." B: "Sometimes? All the time! He's nuts!" O • on the dot: exactly at a given time. If you're late." N • nosh: snack. You're making a "Calm down. "If your tea´s cold. A: "Someone said you cheated on the test. 36 . "We're leaving at 9:00 on the dot. he's too macho to do that. "Her husband would never do the housework." • (on the) cutting edge: using the most recent technology. M • macho: super masculine / masculine to an extreme (in appearance and behaviour). A: "Stuart says some really strange things sometimes. Did you?" B: "No way. "There's plenty in the refrigerator if you want something to nosh on. just nuke it for about a minute. mountain out of a molehill." • make a mountain out of a molehill: make something seem much more important than it really is. José !" • nuke: heat in a microwave.¨I´m going to have it large tonight to celebrate my graduation." • nuts: crazy.
A: "Wow! Carl has done some really amazing things!" B: "Don't believe everything he tells you. He was probably pulling your leg.): rather. "I went to bed really early last night. Are you sure you can afford it?" • pull someone's leg: tease someone by trying to make her/him believe something that's exaggerated or untrue. I was pooped!" • pretty (adv. "That went over my head."The university's computer lab is (on the) cutting edge. It has all the latest hardware and software. Ï´m out on the lash / piss tonight with the boys. I have quite a few errands that 37 . Could you explain it again. club etc) and successfully attract someone of the opposite sex ¨You can always tell when Phil is on the pull because he dresses so well." Q • quite a few: several. Will you boys pack it in? I´m sick of your arguing." • On the lash / piss: to go out and have lots of alcoholic drinks. "I don't think I can meet you after work. somewhat. numerous. : to go to a place (bar. "That car's pretty expensive. • (go) over one's head: too difficult or complicated for someone to understand. • pooped: very tired. • On the pull. please?¨ P • Pack it in : to tell someone to stop doing something that annoys you. exhausted.
" • read someone's mind: know what someone is thinking. bother or annoy someone. weak." • rain or shine: (describing something scheduled) no matter what the weather is. in July. You need some R and R. I doubt that businessman will get away with those horrible crimes if the QC has anything to do with it.I have to do." B: "Hey. "We're leaving tomorrow. "All my little brother says is 'Why?' Usually I'm patient with him. • Quaff (verb) : to enjoy an alcoholic drink I must say." • To feel a bit queezy : feel dizzy This heat in Madrid. but sometimes all his questions rub me (up) the wrong way. "I think you're working too hard. • A QC : Queens Councel : a senior barrister appointed on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor. did you read my mind?" • rub someone (up) the wrong way: irritate someone. makes me really queezy. 38 . rain or shine. A: "I bet you're thinking of what you're going to have for dinner. Dave. fatigued. R • R and R: rest and relaxation (a vacation / break). I do like to quaff a nice Rioja with some good cheese." • run-down: (1) not well.
not particularly good." • Step on it!: Hurry up! "Step on it! The taxi will be here at any time and you're not even dressed!" T • take it easy: relax. It's state of the art."Are you eating regularly and getting enough sleep? You look run-down. He's very computer-savvy. "The job that you're offering me sounds really good. talk to Jim." • run-down: (2) in poor condition." • so-so: fair. A: "How're you doing?" B: "So-so. All the buildings look really run-down. but I'd like to sleep on it before giving you my final decision. "If you're having problems with your hard disk. I'm just going to take it easy." • tell a white lie: say something that isn't true in order not to hurt or offend someone." S • savvy: knowledgeable about something . "The company is very proud of the equipment in its computer room. but I've also been worse. "This must be a poor neighborhood. I've been better. " • sleep on it: take at least a day to think about something before making a decision." • state of the art: using the latest technology. "I don't have any special vacation plans. 39 . needing repair.
"Chris can practice the piano until hell freezes over. U • under the weather: ill. unwell. but he'll never play well because he's tone-deaf. disloyal. A: Do you think Charlie will donate any money to the activities fund? B: No way! He's too tight-fisted! • a tightwad / tight –arse : someone who is very frugal and unwilling to spend money unnecessarily. 40 . I told a white lie and said it was good. but he's two-faced. "Question number three is a tough / tricky one. He says nice things to me when we're together. unwilling to spend money unnecessarily. so he decided not to go to work. no matter how long or how often it's done. "I thought he was my friend.Do you know the answer?" • tight-fisted: very frugal." • Tough / tricky: difficult. but I knew that she made it because she wanted to please me. "Ted was feeling under the weather yesterday. so when she asked if I liked it. someone who pretends to be a friend but isn't." • until hell freezes over: forever." Note: This expression is used to describe something that will not change. but makes jokes about me when we aren't. sick. A: Will Charlie donate any money to the activities fund? B: Absolutely not! He's a real tightwad / tight – arse !" two-faced: deceitful."The cake that Susan made tasted terrible.
" Note: This expression is used in the same way as "until hell freezes over. but I won't change my mind. What's up?" • a white lie: a lie that is told to avoid offending someone or hurting his / her feelings. Telling white lies to my kids is the only way to avoid some difficult truths . "Put the glasses upside down in the dishwasher. 41 . • wishy-washy: uncommitted/ indirect/without an opinion of one's own. "Don't include Fred as part of the bargaining team. Dave." • with bells on: very eagerly." • upside down: with the bottom part on top and the top part on bottom." W • To waste away : when something has not been used for a while / has no use to anyone Why doesn´t anyone use that computer? It´s just wasting away in the spare room. Tell us how you really feel. "Don't be so wishy-washy. they'll fill with water and you'll have to dry them by hand. "You can talk until you're blue in the face. He's just started working here and is still too wet behind the ears. with the feeling that one will have a very good time. If you don't do that. • What's up?: American English = How are you ? What's happening? "Hi. • wet behind the ears: inexperienced and naive.• until you're blue in the face: forever.
in fantasy ( as seen in Spielberg´s Indiana Jones 3) Well. 42 . A: "Why does the boss think Arnold is so intelligent?" B: "Because Arnold is a yes-man.A: "Are you going to Sandra's party?" B: "I'll be there with bells on!" X • X. • Xerox (verb. The warehouse was seized by police and a large number of X –rated films were confiscated. He agrees with everything the boss says!" • You don't say!: Really? / Is that really true? (often sarcastic) A: "Have you heard the news? Jessica got married!" B: "You don't say!" • You've got to be kidding!: You can't be serious! / You must be joking A: "Did you know that Bob quit his job?" B: "You've got to be kidding!" • yucky: terrible. distasteful. pronounced zeerox) This is actually a brand name of the photocopying machine : American English : to photocopy. As soon as I´ve xeroxed these documents I´m going home. • X marks the spot : when the ´X´ indicates the location of something on a map. ´X´ marks the spot so I guess we´ll have to dig under the library to find the hidden tomb. Y • a yes-man: someone who tries to get approval by agreeing with everyone. usu. language / images.e.rated : pornographic or indecent / usually a film or music with a highly gratuitous content. i. very unpleasant.
A: "How much money do you have?" B: "Zilch. so zip your lip!" • catch some Zs (pronounced zeds) : to go to bed ¨Wow. "Have you tried the cookies that Jonathan baked? They're yummy!" Z • zilch: nothing. • Zap 1. I didn´t realise the time. I´m going to go and catch some Zs. unknowingly zapped their own troops in the early morning raid.(verb): to cook / warm up food in a microwave. "What I told you is really important. promise not to tell what has just been said. Phrasal Verb Glossary Learning phrasal verbs in English is tricky and often frustrating. however. I'm broke until payday. 43 ."Don't eat the soup at the cafeteria." • Zip your lip!: keep something secret. (verb) to destroy or obliterate The stealth bomber. it´s late. It is essential. as English natives will rarely use anything else. This coffee´s gone cold I´m going to zap it! • Zap 2. It's yucky!" • yummy: delicious. that you try and learn as many possible meanings and their uses.
Look for 3. Turn out 13. i.e. Put on 8. Get on a bus 15. Give away 18. Work out 14. Look back Mirar Buscar Cuidar Cuidar Recoger Probar Ponerse Investigar Sacar Llamar *Recuperar / compensar Salir Salir Subir Bajar Hablar mas alto Regalar ¡Ojo! ¡Cuidado! Buscar Mirar atrás 44 . them etc. Try on 7. Call up 11. Look into 9. us. Take out (rubbish/ garbage) 10. please ask your teacher to explain to you. Look at 2. For example: I picked the TV up and put it on the shelf OR I picked up the TV and put it on the shelf. 1. Pick up 6. Take care of 5. Make up 12. Get off a bus 16.I hope the following lists and audio commentaries will help you to understand better. him. Speak up 17. Look out / watch out 19. Look up a word 20. Important: Phrasal verbs are separable with a direct object BUT NOT a single object pronoun. BUT I picked him up from school NEVER I picked up him from school. If you have any further doubts. The object pronoun must always go in the middle of the verb and preposition. Look after 4. her.
Can you do it now. They´ve had a lot of problems recently but I´m sure they´ll work it out. please? ” 7. After all the stress of organizing the wedding it turned out really well and all the guests said they had a wonderful day. Can we possibly make it up next week? (recover) I know I wasn´t there for your 30th birthday. 13. I´ve decided I have to look after myself better by eating more fruit and going to the gym twice a week. 6. Make sure you put on a thick jacket! It´s cold and windy outside. It´s your turn to take the rubbish out. There were so many people trying to get on the bus this morning. Anderson to determine if he could be a suspect. I´m looking at the holiday photos. Could you take care of the kids for 5 minutes while I go and get some milk? 5. 8. *I´m sorry I missed your class. 4. 45 . It was so cramped and dangerous. but don´t worry I´ll make it up to you! (compensate) 12. They´re great! We all look so happy. 2. Police will be looking into the background of Mr. Do you know if anyone has a spare room? 3. 14. I need to look for other accommodation next September. “Can I try these shirts on.Examples: 1. I went to pick up my dry cleaning and trousers and then the books I had ordered. please? 10. Call him up and tell him to come over and watch the match with us! 11. 9.
39. Keep thinking of your new future and be positive. Sorry. When you have made your decision don´t look back. Superjet were giving away free flights to try and attract new customers. 40. 36. They always play football round here! 19. 18. 38. 30. 26. 27. 28. 22. 24. I could barely get off the bus trying to struggle through the passengers. 21. 31. 35. 37. 23. I can hardly hear you! 17. could you speak up a bit. 20. 16. 34. I can never remember the meaning of ´sympathetic´ in English. I´m going to look it up now. Watch out for the kids playing in the road. 29. 25. 32. 33.15. Put out Blow out Turn off / switch off Turn on (radio / TV) Turn up (volume) Turn down Show up / turn up Call of Take off Look over Go on to Take over for Bump into Run out of To make up (an excuse) Wake up Let down Leave out Break through Put away Apagar Apagar Apagar Poner Subir el volumen Bajar el volumen Presentarse Cancelar Quitarse Repasar Pasar Reemplazarse Encontrarse (casualmente) Quedarse sin Inventar Despertar Defraudas Omitir Atravesar guardar 46 .
I bumped into an old university friend in the city yesterday. turn on the TV. Turn it up a bit. 23. Mister Ferguson will take over for her as he has a considerable amount of experience. 35. the match has already started! 25. No one showed up / turned up last week for classes. I think they went on a business trip. He hasn´t changed a bit in 10 years. 27. 29. This is my favourite Metallica song. 32. I still don´t understand it. please. 33. To save energy. 31. Don´t forget to blow the candles out before you leave. 22. it´s important to switch all lights off in the house when you leave. I´m going to look over this grammar again before my class tomorrow. 30. Can you put the light out now. The first thing I do when I get home is take my shoes and tie off and fall on the couch. The last thing I need in this house is a fire. 34. I always run out of milk on Sundays. can you turn it down now. The kids drink so much during the week. 24.m.30 a. When you´ve done that exercise just go on to the next one. please. She discovered he had had an affair so she called the wedding off. 47 . I´m trying to study these phrasal verbs. 36. I love weekends because I don´t have to wake up at 6. He always makes up stupid excuses why he doesn´t do his homework. OK. 26. Quick. 28.Examples: 21. I want to go to sleep.
56. If he lets me down again he´ll soon know I am not happy with his attitude. 43. It just isn´t needed and he might be offended. 60. 51. 39. 59. I´m going to look over this bill to see exactly how much I owe. Give out Look over Get to Get over Get away Break down (car) Break down (figures) Turn around Turn into Blow up (balloon / tyre) Blow up (a building) Pick out Let out Sign up Settle down Lie down Sit up Pass away Pass out Pass through Distribuir Revisar Llegar Superar Alejarse Averirse Desglosar Darse la vuelta Convertirse Inflar Volar Eligir Dejar escapar Apuntarse Calmarse Tumbarse Incorporate Fallecer Quedarse sin sentido atrevesar 41. 52. the soldiers broke through the barrier and attacked the enemy. 55. 43. I usually put the food away in the fridge as soon as I get home from shopping. 46. Finally. When I was 15. 57. 48. 40. 58. 42. 53. 44. 49. I would leave out that last comment at the end of that email. I used to give out leaflets to earn some extra money on weekends. 45. 47. 38. 41. 54. He let me down last week and again this week. 50. 42. What time did you get to Rome after all the delays? 48 .37.
got married and had kids. 46. please. He finally settled down. 59. It was my birthday and my mum said I could pick out any t. I need to send a clear copy to Brussels. I really need to lose some weight before summer. I decided to pass through Burgos and see the cathedral. 60. in the night. 48. I´m sorry I´m late. The prisoner persuaded the warden to let him out. My car broke down on the motorway and I had to wait for help.44. Can you break the figures of the invoice down. I love to get away from the city on weekends and go the mountains. 45. It was difficult. The mother told her children to sit up at the table when eating their dinner. 47. 57. 52. 56. 49 . Everyone got killed. 54. I´m going to sign up at the gym. It took me a couple of years to get over my last relationship. I need to lie down for a while. 53. peacefully. 55. This heat is making me feel dizzy.shirt I wanted. In Thriller. 50. I think I passed out from the shock and pain. To get to the post office you have to turn around and go the opposite way. Can you help me blow up these balloons for the kids party? 51. Michael Jackson turns into a werewolf. 49. He lives in the centre of Madrid now. I hit my head quite badly. On my way to San Sebastian. My Grandmother had suffered for a long time but passed away. 58. The terrorists blew the building up.
71. 65.61. especially pints. I´m going out until late tonight so don´t wait up. We had so much fun. 64. 63. You drink very quickly. 66. I can´t keep up with you. 69. 78. He talked me out of doing the marathon as I hadn´t done enough training. 68. 79. Have you ever talked someone into running a marathon? 66. 70. 72. 67. 76. He had a lot of work to do to catch up with the peloton. 80. 65. 73. You are not welcome here! 62. The cyclist had started badly. Stay away Show off Drop out Stay up Talk into Talk out of Mix up Fall behind Keep up Catch up Fall into water Fall out of a tree Lean on Hear out Help up Help out Run over Run away Hang up Get rid of No acercarse Presumir Dejar quedarse levantado Convencer Convencer de lo contrario Liarse Quedarse atras Seguir el ritmo Alcanzarse Caerse al agua Caerse del arból Apoyar Escucharse hasta el final Ayudar a levantarse Echarse una mano Atropellar Huir Colgar Deshacerse de 61. 62. The game was yesterday not today. You have obviously mixed up the dates. I dropped out of college when I was 16 and started working with my father. I fell into the water laughing. 64. 68. 50 . 77. 69. 70. Did you see him yesterday? He was showing off with a new girlfriend and a red Ferrari. 74. I was sick as a child for ten months. 63. 75. 67. Stay away from here young Jedi. I fell behind at school and had to repeat a year. 71.
73. Take apart 92. An old man fell over in the street and passers by were helping him up. Take after 88. Write down 93. He was so embarrassed about what happened that he didn´t bring the subject up. When people call me to sell me a product I usually hang up on them. Turn down 84. it´s broken. The driver was drunk and he ran over a pedestrian. 80. 78. He was convicted and sent to jail. Take up space 97. Get on / along Sacar Sacar lo mejor Rechazar Elaborar Rellenar Parecerse (fisicamente) Parecerse (forma de ser) Devolver Descolgar Derribar Desmontar Apuntar Rebajar Asumir Asumir control Ocupar espacio Absorberarse tiempo Seguir Bajar Llevarse bien con alguien 81. Bring up a subject 82. Knock down (a building) 91. Take back 89. Draw up 85. Did you ever consider running away when you were a child? 79. Go on talking 99. Take down 90. Fill in / out a form 86. 76. I had had the shoes for ages and I didn´t like them any more. I decided to get rid of them. Look like 87. He was so angry with me he didn´t hear me out. Bring out the best in…… 83. Don´t lean on that table. Go down 100. I still had to explain what really happened. 75. 81. Have you ever helped a friend out when moving home? 77. I used to climb trees when I was a kid but then I fell out of a tree and I lost my confidence. Take off 5% 94. 74. Take on responsibility 95. Take up time 98. Take over 96.72. 51 .
He can bring out the best in everyone. 95. I didn´t understand anything. 100. 52 . After she had her baby she gave up her dance class because it just took up too much of her time. 99. 86. I´m going to get another fine. What a bargain! They took off 25% from the original cost. The garage said they would have to take the whole engine apart to find the problem.82. Now that I am 33 I think I should take my Star Wars posters down. especially when you have little motivation. Have you ever decided to throw old clothes out because they take up too much space? 97. I hated filling in forms when I arrived in this country. He is a great motivator. 93. The problem is I love them and they cost me a lot of money. The architect drew up the ideas formally and presented the final copy to his clients. She went on talking for hours despite the fact that no one was listening to her. 83. 92. People say I look like both my Mum and my Dad. People who know me say I take after my Dad more due to my sarcastic and dry sense of humour. I try my best to get on with as many people as I can but it´s not always easy. I suppose they´re right! 87. 85. 90. 89. Oh no! I totally forgot to take the DVD back to the shop. 84. 91. 88. I usually write down things that are really important so I don´t forget them. The building was becoming too dangerous so the council decided to knock it down. 98. I decided to turn the offer down and wait until next year for another opportunity. The Deputy Director took over for his boss as his sickness was not improving. The doorbell rang so I went down the stairs to answer it. 96. Not everyone takes on the same amount of responsibility in their work. There wasn´t even a sale! 94.
110. 113. 114.45 a. 117. Sorry. Luckily. 112. 110. 118. If you don´t know the answer in the exam just go on to the net question. 116. 53 . Quick get into the car. I had to take taxis for three weeks. 109. 106. Why don´t you come over at 8? 109.t.45.it has been a clever little invention. it´s starting to rain heavily. 108. The game starts at 8. 119. 105. 104.m. Go off (bomb) Go on to Go out ( a fire) Go out of fashion Go on strike Come by / over Come in handy Get into a car Back out Back up Work it out Not work out Find out Tear up Tear down Tear off a sticker See off caer enfermo con Sonar Estallar Pasar a Apagarse (por si solo) Pasar de moda Ponerse en huelga Pasar Resultar útil Meter Volver atrás Respaldar Solucionar Fracasar Averiguar Romper Derribar Arrancar Despedir 101. 111. I don´t feel very well. Go off (alarm clock) 103. The bomb went off destroying only a few cars. Recently. 115. I know you don´t agree with me Sir but I´m afraid my boss will also back me up. 102. The post. 108. the whole transport department went on strike. The investors backed out at the last minute because of the stock crash. 107.101. 111. This style of trousers went out of fashion years ago but I still wear them because they´re so comfortable. I think I´m coming down with flu or something. How long do you think it takes for a fire to go out on its own? 106. 104. 105. 103. 102. They come in handy all the time to make quick notes. During the week my alarm clock goes off at 6. 112. no one was killed. Come down with s. 107.
We have been arguing for months but I know we can work it out because we made a commitment. Have on 128. though. Drag on 134. We are still very good friends. I tore down all my pictures of my team when they lost the World Cup. I used to tear them off and stick them everywhere. We went to see my sister off at the airport. Tell apart 131. Think up 121. She was going to Australia to live. Throw away 132. I was so disappointed. 54 . 121. I used to love collecting football stickers when I was young. Idear Consumer Vigilar Dejar de Devolver Saldar Presenter Tener puesto Señalar Posponer Distinguir Tirar Tirar No acabar Tener ganas I need to think up some ideas for my brother in law´s stag Who´s used up all the toothpaste? I need to buy some more before I go to work. 117. 115. Use up 122. You never know what a person can be like until you spend time with them and find out for yourself. party.113. Pay back 125. Feel like 120. 114. Get rid of 133. 118. Point out 129. Give up 124. Watch out for 123. 116. 120. 119. Put off 130. Hand in (documents) 127. Pay off debts 126. I read the letter she left but then I tore it up as I was so angry. We tried and it didn´t work out.
Which one´s Bill and which one´s Ben? 131. I gave up smoking three years ago. I´ve got my best suit on tonight because we´re celebrating my friends engagement. He had put on a lot of weight and had to get rid of all the clothes that were too small. 125. 127. 130. I threw the apple away as it looked brown. 123. When the weather is so nice. I feel like sitting out on a terrace every night and having a few beers. My Dad lent me some money when I graduated but I still need to pay it back. Watch out for that player. 55 . 132. 128. 134. It was the best thing I ever did. 124. Because of the bad news we thought it was best to put the wedding off until next summer. I´ve got to hand in my tax documents to the bank tomorrow. 129. 000 after they finish their studies. He´s really dangerous when attacking. 126. 133.122. I never thought it was going to end. The meeting dragged on for hours. In the UK it´s quite normal that graduates have to pay off their debts of around £ 20. I can´t tell those twins apart. He kindly pointed out that there was a mistake in the invoice.
A list of the most common irregular verbs Infinitive Be Beat Become Begin Bend Bet Bite Blow Break Bring Broadcast Build Burst Buy Catch Choose Come Cost Creep Cut Deal Dig Do Draw Drink Drive Eat Fall Feed Feel Fight Find Flee Fly Forbid Forget Forgive Freeze Get Give Go Grow Hang Have Hear Hide Hit Hold Hurt Keep Kneel Know Lay Lead Leave Lend Let Lie Past simple Was / were Beat Became Began Bent Bet Bit Blew Broke Brought Broadcast Built Burst Bought Caught Chose Came Cost Crept Cut Dealt Dug Did Drew Drank Drove Ate Fell Fed Felt Fought Found Fled Flew Forbade Forgot Forgave Froze Got Gave Went Grew Hung Had Heard Hid Hit Held Hurt Kept Knelt Knew Laid Led Left Lent Let Lay Past participle Been Beaten Become Begun Bent Bet Bitten Blown Broken Brought Broadcast Built Burst Bought Caught Chosen Come Cost Crept Cut Dealt Dug Done Drawn Drunk Driven Eaten Fallen Fed Felt Fought Found Fled Flown Forbidden Forgotten Forgiven Frozen Got/ gotten Given Gone Grown Hung Had Heard Hidden Hit Held Hurt Kept Knelt Known Laid Led Left Lent Let Lain Infinitive Light Lose Make Mean Meet Pay Put Read Ride Ring Rise Run Say See Seek Sell Send Set Sew Shake Shine Shoot Show Shrink Shut Sing Sink Sit Sleep Slide Speak Spend Split Spit Spread Spring Stand Steal Stick Sting Stink Strike Swear Sweep Swim Swing Take Teach Tear Tell Think Throw Understand Wake Wear Weep Win Write Past simple Lit Lost Made Meant Met Paid Put Read Rode Rang Rose Ran Said Saw Sought Sold Sent Set Sewed Shook Shone Shot Showed Shrank Shut Sang Sank Sat Slept Slid Spoke Spent Split Spat Spread Sprang Stood Stole Stuck Stung Stank Struck Swore Swept Swam Swang Took Taught Tore Told Thought Threw Understood Woke Wore Wept Won Wrote Past participle Lit Lost Made Meant Met Paid Put Read Ridden Rung Risen Run Said Seen Sought Sold Sent Set Sewn Shaken Shone Shot Shown/showed Shrunk Shut Sung Sunk Sat Slept Slid Spoken Spent Split Spat Spread Sprung Stood Stolen Stuck Stung Stunk Struck Sworn Swept Swum Swung Taken Taught Torn Told Thought Thrown Understood Woken Worn Wept Won Written 56 .
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