Experiment 1 Topic Purpose

Sample report

: Volumetric analysis – Acid Base : To determine the exact concentration of a mineral acid, HXO4, and to determine the relative atomic mass of the element X

Materials : KA 1 is a mineral acid, HXO4. KA 2 is a solution containing 1.70 g of OH− ions per dm3. Phenolphthalein as indicator. Procedure : (a) 25.0 cm3 of KA 2 is pipetted into a titration flask. (b) Two or three drops of phenolphthalein indicator is added and this solution is titrated with KA1 (c) Record your readings in the table below. (d) The titration is repeated to achieve accurate results. Results :

Titration Final reading/cm3 Initial reading/cm3 Volume of KA 1/cm3

Rough 25.00 0.00 25.00

Accurate 1 24.90 0.00 24.90 2 25.00 0.00 25.00 3 24.80 0.00 24.90

(i) 25.0 cm3 of KA 2 required 24.90 cm3 of KA 1 for a complete reaction.

(ii) Calculate your average titre value showing the suitable titre values that you use. Average titre value =

24.90 + 25.00 + 24.80 3 3 = 24.90 cm

Questions : (c) Calculate the concentration, in mol dm-3, of solution KA 2. Concentration of KA 2 = 1.70 g 1 dm 3 1.70 g (16 + 1) = 1 dm 3 1.70 g (17) = 1 dm 3 = 0.1 mol dm-3

(d) Write a balanced ionic equation for the reaction between solution KA 1 and solution KA 2. H+ + OHH2O

(e) Calculate the concentration, in mol dm-3, of mineral acid HXO4 in solution KA 1. 1 mole of HXO4 gives 1 mole of H+ Let the concentration of HXO4 = ma Using the formula

ma va a = mb vb b while ma = concentration of HXO4 (Acid) mb = concentration of KA 2 (Alkali) va = volume of HXO4 vb = volume of KA 1 a=1 b=1

ma × (24.90) 1 = 0.1 × 25.0 1 ma = 0.10 mol dm -3 ∴ Concentration of HXO4 is 0.10 mol dm -3 .
Therefore,

(f) If the concentration of mineral acid HXO4 in solution KA 2 is 20.1 g dm-3, calculate the relative molecular mass of HXO4.

Given concentration of HXO4 = 20.1 g dm-3 Let Mr of HXO4 = A 20.1 g dm −3 = 0.10 mol dm −3 A A = 201 g dm −3 Hence, relative molecular mass of HXO4 is 201 g dm −3 (g) Using the answer to (f), determine the relative atomic mass of element X.
Mr of HXO4 = 201 Let Ar of X = x

Then, 1 + x + 4(16) = 201 x = 136 Hence, relative molecular mass of element X is 136 g dm −3 (h) Suggest an identity for element X. Let the oxidation number of X = y Since the oxidation number of HXO4 = 0
(+1) + (y) + (-2 x 4) = 0 y = +7 Therefore, X is an element from Group 17 (Halogen) From (g), Ar of X is 136. ∴ X is an iodine atom, I Conclusion : 1. The concentration of HXO4 acid is 0.10 mol dm -3 2. The relative atomic mass of X is 136 g dm −3

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