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# PRACTICA N° 1 DE MATEMATICA

1. Si − < , resolver | − |<3x
+
Solución
Prop. |a|<b →-a < b < a

S1: x є < -∞;3]

− +5 −5
< 3x <
+1 +1

− + −
< 3x ˄ 3x <
+ +

− +5 −
- 3x < 0 3 − <0
+1 +

− +5−3 ( +1) ( + )− +
<0 <0
+1 +

−3 2−4 +5 + − +
<0 <0
+1 +
3 2+4 −5 Fórmula: =− ±√ −
> 0 ; x= -1
+1

− ±√ −
Fórmula: =

X

X X

X

X X1 = ˄
X
3

X ^ X S3: ∅

5>} B = {x <-2.S: < . Sean los conjuntos: − S = {x ∈ R/ ∈ [-3.2]} T = {x R/ ( )∈ <-4.4]} C {x∈∈R/ D=={x R/xx∈∉AB → ↔xx∈∈CA} Determinar x∉(A→B) ↓ X ∈ {C∩(B → D)} Solución: A: -3≤ x-2 <5 Determinar x∉(A→B) ↓ X ∈ {C∩(B → D)} -1≤ x <7 ~(~(A→B) ^ ~[C∩ (B → D)] B: (~A∪B) ˄ ~[C∩(~B∪D)] -(~A∪B) ˄ [~C v ~(~B v D) (~A∪B) ˄ [~C v (B^ ~D)] (A’∪B) ∩ [C’ ∪ (B∩D’)] R ∩ ∅ ∪∅ C: ∅ (B∪A)∪(B∩A)’ [-∞. +∞>)∪ R 3. -1>∪[7. Dados los conjuntos: A = {x ∈ R/ (x-2) ∈ [-3. +∞> D: A’∪C (<-∞. S • C.2>} M = {x ∈ R/ (4x-1) ∈ [-2. 3] 2.1>∪[7.8> ∪ <-∞.1] .S: S1∩S2∩S3 C.1]} P = {x ∈ R/ (2x-3) ∈ <-4.

2>} M = {x ∈ R/ (4x-1) ∈ [-2. Determinar: A-[(B∪ ∩ )] A= {x ∈ R/x ∈ S→ x ∈ T} B= {x ∈ R/x ∈ M↔ x ∈ P} C= {x ∈ R/ x ∈ S v x ∉ P} D= {x ∈ R/ x ∉ T ∆ x ∈ M} − S = {x ∈ R/ ∈ [-3. : ÷ −5 −2 < ⟦ 2 ⟧<0 +2 .5>} extensión el conjunto: A = { −6 < − 5 < 5 … … … … … … 3< 2+ 2 < 27 … … … … … .1] T= P= T= P= T= P= T= Determinar: A-[(B ] A= {x R/x S→ x T} B= {x R/x M↔ x P} A= → B= ↔ A= → B= (M→ )v (P→ ) A=S v T B= (M´U P) U (P´U M) A= ⦋−3. 2]} S= .7 > U ⦋−1.7 C= R 4. M= −2≤ 4 − 1 ≤ 2 S= −6≤ −3 M= −1≤ 4 ≤ 3 S= −3≤ <7 M= T = {x R/ ( ) <-4. Determinar por | |/ x <.14 > C= {x R/ x S v x P} D= {x R/ x T x M} C=X v X P D= C=S U P´ C= ⦋-3. 14 > B=⦋ ⦋ ⦌ A=⦋−3. 1.1] P = {x R/ (2x-3) <-4.

− ] ∪ [ .6) ( 2 + 0x + 3) ≥ 0 (x .S: < −∞.1) (x .2) (x + 3) (x .2) ( 2 + x . Resolver las inecuaciones en R: a) X6-2x5-4x4+14x3-33x2+60x-36 ≤0 1 -2 -4 14 -33 60 -36 ↓ 1 -1 -5 9 -24 36 1 -1 -5 9 -24 36 0 ↓ 2 2 -6 6 -36 1 1 -3 3 -18 0 4+ 3− 3 2+ 3 − 18 ≥ 0 2 x -6 2 0x 3 0 2 (x . ∞+> .1) (x . ⟧ ^ ⟦ ⟧ < ⟦0⟧ ⟧ ⟦ ⟧ < −1 < −1 : 6.2) ( 2 + 3) ≥ 0 C.

6 7 -13 -4 4 0 6 4+ 7 3− 13 2− 4 +4≤0 6 2 X -2 2 X -2 2 ( + 2)( − 1)(6 2+ − 2)( 2+ − 2) ≤ 0 ( + 2)( − 1)(2 − 1)(3 + 2) ≤ 0 ( + 2)2 − 2)2(2 − 1)(3 + 2) ≤ 0 C. ⁄ ] c) ( − ) ( − ) Solución: ≤0 −2 C.0]∪<2.S: [− ⁄ .S: [-3.5] − + +√ + − d) √ ≥ x-9 √ + √ − − − ≤ (X-18)(X+1) ≤ . b) 6x6+13x5-18x4-31x3+26x2+12x-8≤0 6 13 -18 -31 26 12 -8 -2 ↓ -12 -2 40 -18 -16 8 6 1 -20 9 8 -4 0 1 ↓ 6 7 -13 -4 4 .

18] + >0 X∈ R √ − ≥0 ^ 0<√ + X(X-2) ≥ 0 + >0 X∈ R X∈ <-∞. 0] U [2. +∞> C. 18] ( − )( − ) ( + ) ( + )( + ) D2) ( + + )( − )( √ − ) ≥ 0 Solución: ( +4)( −4)( −3)( +1)( +8) 2 ≥ 0 ( +8)( +1)( −1) ( +4)( −4) 2 ≥ 0 ( −1) C.-4]∪<0.10> (|x+1|-5 > 0 ^ 7-|3-x|≥ 0) .1>∪[4.S: <-1.S: <-∞. 0] U [2. X∈[-1.+∞> e) (|x+1|-5 ≥ 0 ^ 7-|3-x| > 0) v (|x+1|-5 > 0 ^ 7-|3-x|≥ 0) (|x+1|-5 ≥ 0 ^ 7-|3-x| > 0) |x+1|≥ 5 |3-x|< 7 x+1 ≥ 5 v x+1 ≤ -5 -7 < 3-x < 7 x≥4 x ≤ -6 7 > x-3 > -7 -4 < x < 10 Sol1: [4.

10] E2) 2 3 5 ( + 9 + 8)( − 64)( √ + 1) 2 (12 − )( − 9 − 10)( + 1)( + 3) ≥ 0 ( + 8)( + 1)( − 1) 2 (12 − )( − 10)( + 1)( + 1)( + 3) ≥ 0 ( + 8)( + 1)( − 1) 2 ( − 12)( − 10)( + 1)( + 3) ≥ 0 ( + 8)( − 1) 2 = 12 = 10 = −1 = −3 = −8 =1 x=0 C. 1 > ⦋10. |x+1|-5 > 0 ^ 7-|3-x| ≥ 0 |x+1| > 5 |3-x|≤ 7 X+1 >5 v x+1 < -5 -7 ≤ x-3 ≤ 7 X>4 x < -6 10 ≥ x ≥ -4 -4 ≤ x ≤ 10 C.S: [4.S: <-∞. −1⦌ < 0.S: S1∪S2 C. +∞> Sol2: <4. 10] • C. -6> ∪ <4.S: < −∝: −8 > ⦋−3. 12⦌ f) √(4 + 5)( + 1)-√( + 1)( − 1) = √(2 − 1)( + 1) 2 2 ( √(4 + 5)( + 1) − √( + 1)( − 1) = √( (2 − 1)( + 1) .

(4 + 5) − 2√( − 1)(4 + 5) + ( − 1) = (2 − 1) 4 + 5 + − 1 − 2√( − 1)(4 + 5) = 2 − 1 3 + 5 = 2√( − 1)(4 + 5) = 2 − 1 (3 − 5)2 = √(2( − 1)(4 + 5))2 9 2+ 30 + 25 = 4( − 1)(4 + 5) 9 2+ 30 + 25 = 16 2+ 4 − 20 0 = 7 2 − 26 − 45 ↓ ↓ 7 +9=9 − 5 = −35 −26 0 = (7 + 9)( − 5) 7 +9=0 . : = F2) Solución: |x-4|+|1-x|≤ 7 x-4=0 1-x=0 x=4 x=1 x<1 1≤x<4 x≥4 1 4 Para: x<1 Para: 1≤x<4 Para: x≥4 |x-4|+|1-x|≤ 7 |x-4|+|1-x|≤ 7 |x-4|+|1-x|≤ 7 -x+4+1-x ≤ 7 -x+4+1-x ≤ 7 x-4-1+x ≤ 7 -2x+5 ≤ 7 -2x+4 ≤ 7 2x-5 ≤ 7 . −5=0 = . =5 .

S: [4. 0] ^ U C.2+ 4 − 4 X=0 2 2-X+4 ≥ 0 X= -3 ∀ ∈ [-3.6] • C.S: [1.6] C.1>∪[1. 6] X<1 X≥1 1 √ √√ -X≥0 ^ X+3 ≥ 0 ^ -2X+7 ≥ 0 X≤0^ X ≥ -3 ^ 2X-7 ≤ 0 ^ X ≤ 7/2 X ∈ ∪ = [-3. 0] ) ≤0 2−2 −3 2+ √ 2−8 +12 1 −= 0 +4=0 2 + |( − 2)( − 2)| + 1 − |( − 3)( + 1)| 2− 4 +4| + 1+ 4 = 0 2 +| .S: [-1.4>∪[4.S: [-3.S: 1≤x<4 ^ x ≥ -3/2 C. x ≥ -1 -3/2 ≤ x x≤6 C.S: [1.S: [-3.S: x<1 ^ x ≥ -1 C.S: [-1.1> C.S: x≥4 ^ x ≤ 6 C. 0] √ 0 ≤ − ( + 3) ≤ (− + 2)2 − ( + 3) ≥ 0 ^ -X(X+3) ≤(− + 2)2 X(X+3) ≤ 0 X(X+3) ≥ −(− + 2)2 2 + 3 ≥ -( 2 + 4 + 4) 2+ 3 ≥ . 0] ^ ∀ ∈ C.4> C.

x = 2 (− +| |− )( +| |− ) J2) < ( −| |+ ) . −3] ∪ [2. x = 1 ˄ x < -1 Caso 1: x = 1 Para: -1 ≤ x < 3 2− 2 + 5 = 2− 2 −3 ∅^−1≤ <3 Caso 2: ∅ Para: x ≥ 3 −2 +5= 2− 2 −3 ∅˄x≥3 Caso 3: ∅ Por lo tanto: Cs1 U Cs2 U Cs3 X =1U∅U∅ Cstotal: x = 1 U x = 6 .√ −| |− * =0 * <0 * ≥0 Para < 0 = ( + 3)( − 2) ≥ 0 X = -3 X = 2 =< −∞. : = 3 . x= 2 x = 1 . +∞ > . = −1 0= 2− 8 + 12 x= 6 .

−3] ∪ < 2. +∞> √10 − | − 1| 10−|x-1|> 0 | −1|< 10 -10 < x-1 < 10 -10 < x-1 ^ x-1 < 10 X>9 x < 11 Sol2: <-9.S: [0.S: CS1 ∩CS2 2+ 8 + 12 ≥ 0 C. ( 2 + +1)( 2 − −2) ( 2 + +2) >0 (x + 1) (x . 11> C. +∞ > ∩ S1: < −∞.S1: S1∩S2 . : < −∞. 4] − 2−12 ≤ 8 − 12 2− ≤ 8 C.2) > 0 X = -1 X= 2 . -6] v [-2. +∞> Sol1: [0. −3] +√ − | |+ √ + +√ −| + ) +√ −| − | | ≥0 +√ − | |+ + ≥0 ^ −| + |≥ +√ −| − | 2− 8| | + 12 ≥ 0 | + 1| ≤ 5 2+ 12 ≥ 8| | | | X+1 ≥ 0 ^ -5 ≤ X+1 ≤ 5 X≥ -1 -6 ≤ X ≤ 4 C. 2] ∪ [6. 2] (x+6)(x+2) ≥ 0 Sol1: <-∞.S2: [-1.

S: <-∞. > : < −√ . ≠√ │ − │− < ˄ − > │ − │− < < -3< − < │ │<√ − <− < −√ < < √ < < :< . 11> ) | |−⟦ ⟧≥ 0 Solución: ⟦ | | 2x < 2|x| + 1 2|x|+1 > 2x 2|x<| > 2x-1 |x| > X> v x<-( ) 0> -x x< 0 > -1 0< S1: ɸ 4x-1 < 0 S2: x< 1/4 C. ¼> C.S1: [0. √ ) √ − ≤0 Solución: . 2] ∪ [6.S: ɸ <-∞.S: S1 S2 C. ¼> │ │ ) < ││ ││ │ │ < │ │ │ │ < . C.

: [− .S: [0.| |−4 √ √2 − 2 2 3 ≤0 √− − √2− 4 3 − 4 4√ − 3√2− ≤0 ≤0 ^ Imaginarias X≥0 ^ 2− >0 X∈[0.− ] ∪ [ .b. se obtuvo C.2> C. ∞+ > ( + )( − − ) ( − )( − ) ≥ ( + 9)( − 12)( − 4) ≤ 0 = −9 = 12 =4 :< ∞−. ] [ . √ √2− ≤0 3 2 −| |.d>. > . Determinar a.+∞> X∈<-∞.c.d.b]∪[c.2> ≥ m) Al resolver el sistema de inecuaciones: { ( + )( . > . ( − )≥ ( − )≥ ( − )( + ) ≥ = = =− : [− .S = − + [a. − ] ∪< .

: −9] [−10. . . Si el auto fue vendido en S/. 2800. ] . . ¿Cuál fue el precio máximo al por mayor? Pv= Pc+G Pv = \$2800 2800 = Pc G= 30% Pc Pc=\$ 2153. [ . [ .84 . .d: . ] 7.b. DETERMINAR: a. = o) (⟦ ⟧ − ⟦ ⟧ − ) ⟦ ⟧ − ≥ ∆= (−1)2 − 4(1)(−15) ⟦ ⟧2 ≥ 32 ∆= 1 + 70 ⟦ ⟧≥3 ∆= 71 ≥3 ∆> = ≥ ⟦ ⟧ ⟦ ⟧ : ∈ [− . El margen de ganancia para un auto usado era al menos 30% de su precio actual al por mayor.c. ∪ ] ∪[10. =[ . = (−10)(−9)(10)(12) . 12] ] .