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# A Complete Guide to Pipe Sizes and Pipe

## Schedule – Free Pocket Chart

Standardization of wrought steel Pipe schedule and pipe sizes begin with mass
production era. At that time pipes are available in only three sizes standard weight
(STD), extra-strong (XS), and double extra-strong (XXS), based on the iron pipe size
(IPS) system. Height

With modernizing of various industries and use of pipe in different pressure and
temperature condition these three sizes are not sufficient to meet the requirement.
This will result in the concept of the schedule number that combines wall thickness and
diameter of the pipe.

In current practice, pipe size defines with two sets of number 1) Pipe bore/nominal
diameter and 2) Pipe schedule which is nothing but wall thickness of the pipe.

## What is Nominal Pipe Size?

Nominal pipe size (NPS) is the number that defines the size of the pipe. For example,
when you say 6” pipe, the 6” is the nominal size of that pipe. It also depends on the
size of the pipe. For pipe sizes, NPS 14 and above Outside Diameter is same as NPS. To
understand this concept, you have to learn the way pipes are manufactured.

Manufacturing of NPS 1/8 (DN 6) to NPS 12 (DN 300) pipe is based on fixed outside
diameter (OD). So, any increase in wall thickness decrease the inside diameter (ID) of
the pipe and this ID of the pipe is approximately equal to the Nominal Size.

## Manufacturing of NPS 14 (DN350) and above pipe OD is corresponding to the Nominal

Size of a pipe. With below example, you have more clarity of the concept.

## For NPS 2 Schedule 40 pipe

2.375 60.3 0.154 3.91 2.067 52.5

## 14 350 0.438 11.13 13.124 333.3

From the above table, you can see that for NPS 2, Pipe ID is near to pipe NPS and for
NPS 14 pipe OD is same as NPS.
You can easily convert inch dimension to mm by multiplying it with 25.4 and rounding
as follow;

## 1. Outside diameter above 16 inches rounded to nearest 1 mm

2. Outside diameter 16 inches and below rounded to nearest 0.1 mm
3. Pipe wall thickness are rounded to nearest 0.01 mm

## What is Pipe NB (Nominal Bore)?

NPS is frequently referred as an NB (Nominal Bore). As such, there is no difference
between NB and NPS. NB is also an American way to refer pipe dimensions. I have also
seen that when pipe dimensions are shown in mm (DN) people refer pipe sizes in NB.
So when someone says 25nb pipe or 50nb pipe basically they are talking about DN.

## What is DN (Diameter Nominal) Pipe Sizes?

DN or Diameter Nominal is International designation (SI or Matric Designator) and also
a European equivalent of NPS to show pipe sizes. Here, you have to note that DN shows
pipe sizes differently than NPS.

2” pipe is simply mentioned as DN 50. You can get any NPS to DN by multiplying it with
25. Check the below table for easy understanding. There is no change in other
dimensions when you use DN.

Nominal Pipe Size Diameter Nominal Nominal Pipe Size Diameter Nominal

1/8 6 20 500
1/4 8 22 550

3/8 10 24 600

1/2 15 26 650

3/4 20 28 700

1 25 30 750

1¼ 32 32 800

1½ 40 36 900

2 50 40 1000

2½ 65 42 1050
3 80 44 1100

3½ 90 48 1200

4 100 52 1300

5 125 56 1400

6 150 60 1500

8 200 64 1600

10 250 68 1700

12 300 72 1800

14 350 76 1900
16 400 80 2000

## 18 450 Based on ASME B36.10

From this table, you can see that initially pipe size increase by ¼ than ½ and then by
1”. Form 6” to 42”, it increases by 2” step and after that in 4”.

## What is Pipe Schedule?

Pipe schedule is the way pipe wall thickness are mentioned. To simplify the ordering of
the pipe ASME committee has developed Schedule Number which is based on modified
Barlow’s wall thickness formula.

## Definition of Schedule Number: The schedule number indicates approximate value of

the expression 1000 x P/S where P is the service pressure and S is the allowable stress,
both expressed in pounds per square inch.

##  P is the service pressure in (psi)

 S is the allowable stress in (psi)

## So, what does schedule 40 means?

Schedule 40 is nothing but a pipe thickness designator. In simple word you can say that
for given material, schedule 40 pipe can withstand a certain amount of pressure.

## Now, can you tell me which is thicker schedule 40 or 80 pipe?

Schedule 80 pipe is thicker than schedule 40 pipe. Look at the above formula of
schedule number, allowable stress for material at given temperature is fixed. That
means with an increase in service pressure schedule number will increase which is pipe
wall thickness designator.

## Pipe Schedule for Stainless Steel Pipe

Cost of stainless steel pipe is much higher than carbon steel pipe. Due to corrosion
resistance properties of stainless steel, advancement of high alloy stainless steel and
fusion welding less thickness pipe can be work satisfactorily without fear of early
failure.

To reduces the cost of material ASME has introduced different schedule number for
stainless steel pipe and fittings. Under ASME B36.19 Schedule no with “S” suffix is
introduced for SS pipe. Example- 10S

## Standard Pipe Schedule as per ASME B36.10 and

B36.19

For Carbon Steel and Wrought iron Pipe as per 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160,

## ASME B36.10 STD, XS, XXS

For Stainless Steel Pipe as per ASME B36.19 5S, 10S, 40S, 80S

STD (Standard) and Schedule 40 has same thickness up to NPS 10 (DN 250)

Above NPS 10 STD have a wall thickness of 3/8 in. (9.53 mm)

## NPS Chart (Inch)

A B C D E F G H I J K

## 4 1/4 0.54 0.065 0.065 0.088 0.088 0

A B C D E F G H I J K

## 15 4 4.5 0.083 0.083 0.12 0.12 0.188 0.237 0.237 0

A B C D E F G H I J K

## 26 24 24 0.218 0.218 0.25 0.25 0.375 0.562 0.688 0.375 0

A B C D E F G H I J K

27 26 26 0.312 0.5 0

## 32 36 36 0.312 0.5 0.625 0.75 0

33 38 38 0

34 40 40 0

35 42 42 0

36 44 44 0

37 46 46 0
A B C D E F G H I J K

38 48 48 0

## 41 ASME B36.19M-2004: Stainless Steel Pipe (For 5S,10S,40S and 80S)

42 Don't get confused between 3 1/2 inch nominal with 3.5 inch OD, 4" nominal with 4.000" OD

## NPS Chart (SI Unit – MM)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N

## 4 8 13.7 1.65 1.65 2.24 2.24 2.24 3.02 3.02

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N

## 5 10 17.1 1.65 1.65 1.85 2.31 2.31 2.31 3.2 3.2

6 15 21.3 1.65 1.65 2.11 2.11 2.41 2.77 2.77 2.77 3.73 3.73

7 20 26.7 1.65 1.65 2.11 2.11 2.41 2.87 2.87 2.87 3.91 3.91

8 25 33.4 1.65 1.65 2.77 2.77 2.9 3.38 3.38 3.38 4.55 4.55

9 32 42.2 1.65 1.65 2.77 2.77 2.97 3.56 3.56 3.56 4.85 4.85

10 40 48.3 1.65 1.65 2.77 2.77 3.18 3.68 3.68 3.68 5.08 5.08

11 50 60.3 1.65 1.65 2.77 2.77 3.18 3.91 3.91 3.91 5.54 5.54

12 65 73 2.11 2.11 3.05 3.05 4.78 5.16 5.16 5.16 7.01 7.01

13 80 88.9 2.11 2.11 3.05 3.05 4.78 5.49 5.49 5.49 7.62 7.62

14 90 101.6 2.11 2.11 3.05 3.05 4.78 5.74 5.74 5.74 8.08 8.08

15 100 114.3 2.11 2.11 3.05 3.05 4.78 6.02 6.02 6.02 8.56 8.56
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N

16 125 141.3 2.77 2.77 3.4 3.4 6.55 6.55 6.55 9.53 9.53

17 150 168.3 2.77 2.77 3.4 3.4 7.11 7.11 7.11 10.97 10.9

18 200 219.1 2.77 2.77 3.76 3.76 6.35 7.04 8.18 8.18 8.18 10.31 12.7 12.7

19 250 273 3.4 3.4 4.19 4.19 6.35 7.8 9.27 9.27 9.27 12.7 15.09 12.7

20 300 323.8 3.96 3.96 4.57 4.57 6.35 8.38 10.31 9.53 9.53 14.27 17.48 12.7

21 350 355.6 3.96 3.96 6.35 4.78 7.92 9.53 11.13 9.53 9.53 15.09 19.05 12.7

22 400 406.4 4.19 4.19 6.35 4.78 7.92 9.53 12.7 9.53 9.53 16.66 21.44 12.7

23 450 457 4.19 4.19 6.35 4.78 7.92 11.13 14.27 9.53 9.53 19.05 23.83 12.7

24 500 508 4.78 4.78 6.35 5.54 9.53 12.7 15.09 9.53 9.53 20.62 26.19 12.7

25 550 559 4.78 4.78 6.35 5.54 9.53 12.7 9.53 22.23 28.58

26 600 610 5.54 5.54 6.35 6.35 9.53 14.27 17.48 9.53 9.53 24.61 30.96 12.7
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N

## 37 1150 1168 9.53

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N

## Nominal Pipe Size OD Nominal Pipe Size OD

Nominal in Inch DN in mm
in Inch in mm

3/8 17.1 10 17.1

1 33.4 25 33.4

## 1.5 48.3 40 48.3

2 60.3 50 60.3

2.5 73 65 73

3 88.9 80 88.9
3.5 101.6 90 101.6

## 12 323.8 300 323.8

14 14 350 355.6

16 16 400 406.4
18 18 450 457

20 20 500 508

22 22 550 559

24 24 600 610

26 26 650 660

28 28 700 711

30 30 750 762

32 32 800 813

34 34 850 864
36 36 900 914

38 38 950 965

40 40 1000 1016

42 42 1050 1067

44 44 1100 1118

46 46 1150 1168

48 48 1200 121

You can calculate Pipe Inside Diameter (ID) with the help of Outside Diameter (OD) and
Thickness of the pipe by using formula given below.

## Dimension Tolerance for Carbon Steel and Stainless

Steel Pipe Sizes and Schedule As per ASTM
A530/A530M-12 and ASTM A999/A999M-15
Common dimension tolerances are listed in ASTM A530. However, each product has its
own requirements and when given in that specification that will govern over the A530.

Wall Thickness

## 3 to 18 incl., t/D up to 5 % incl. 22.50% 12.50%

Seamless and

Welded Pipe
3 to 18 incl., t/D > 5 % 15.00% 12.50%

## 20 and larger, welded, all t/D ratios

17.50% 12.50%
(Note-3)
20 and larger, seamless, t/D up to 5 %
22.50% 12.50%
incl.

## Forged and Bored

1/8 in.(3.2mm) Nil
Pipe

## Cast Pipe 1/6 in.(1.6mm) Nil

Inside Diameter
Nil 1⁄16 in. (1.6 mm)
for Cast Pipe

DiameterOutside

## Over 1 ½ to 4, incl 1/32 in. (0.8mm) 1/32 in. (0.8mm)

Over 4 to 8, inc 1/16 in. (1.6mm) 1/32 in. (0.8mm)

## Over 34 3/8 in. (4.8mm) 1/32 in. (0.8mm)

 Note-1: Pipe of NPS 4 (DN 100) and smaller may be weighed in lots; pipe in sizes
larger than NPS 4 (DN 100) shall be weighed separately.
 Note-2: t = Nominal wall thickness. D = Outside diameter.
 Note-3: For welded pipe, the weld area shall not be limited by the over tolerance.
 Note-4: For thin-wall pipe, the ovality in any one cross-section shall not exceed
1.5 % of the specified outside diameter.