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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Excecutive Summary......................................................................................i
Foreword........................................................................................................ii
Table Of Contents..........................................................................................iii
Chapter I Introduction

A. Rationalization The Importance of Critical Journal Review..............1


B. Purpose of Critical Journal Review....................................................1
C. Benefits of Critical Journal Review ...................................................1
D. Identity of Articles and Journals Reviewed .......................................1

Chapter II Summary Of Articles Contents

A. Introduction........................................................................................2
B. Content Description...........................................................................2-5

Chapter III Discussion /Analysis

A. Journal Content Discussion................................................................6


B. The advantages and disadvantages of article content.........................6

Chapter IV Closing

A. Conclusion..........................................................................................7
B. Suggestion..........................................................................................7

BIBLIOGRAPHY.........................................................................................7
EXCECUTIVE SUMMARY

Statistics is an important branch of mathematical applications, which began to


develop in Indonesia around the 1950s. The beginning of Statistics is only related to a method
of how people present facts and figures on the situation of economic development, the issue
of the country's population, and the employment data that exist in a country; even in the
narrow sense people assume that statistics are identical to Tables, Graphs or the like. The
above understanding is more concrete if we call Statistics, such as Population Statistics,
Agricultural Statistics, Production Statistics, Economic Statistics, Logistics Statistics, Trade
& Commerce Statsitik, Tourism Statistics, and others.
Statistics is a science as well as a method that studies the ways to collect data to
further be descriptive and processed, then analyzed in order to make conclusions, in order to
determine the decisions to be taken based on the data held. There are two kinds of statistics,
namely descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics describe and
analyze data by calculating or processing at least one sample statistic, by arranging a number
of graphs and tables, and by comparing the results obtained with other data. Inferential
statistics, for example, perform hypothesis testing, predict future observations, or create a
regression model, interpret the results by using statistical tools, experience, general
knowledge, and a general understanding of the process being studied.
Based on the scope of the discussion descriptive statistics include:
1. Distribution of frequency and its parts such as:
a. Distributed graph (histogram, frequency polygon, and ogif);
b. Central value sizes (average, median, mode, quartiles and so on);
c. Size of dispersion (range, average deviation, variation, standard deviation, and part of it);
d. Curse and tilt curve
2. Index number
3.Times series / time series or periodically
4. Correlation and simple regression
Descriptive statistics can be expressed by frequency, mode, and diversity

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FOREWORD

Praise gratitude authors say for the presence of God Almighty Who has given his
grace and grace so that authors can complete the task Critical journal Statistics review
entitled Statistics descriptive.
The purpose of the author completes this task is to fulfill the task of the course
"STATISTICS DESCRIPTIVE".
The author realizes that the task of Critical journal review is not spared from errors and
shortcomings, therefore the authors are expecting criticism and suggestions that are
constructive for the improvement of this Critical journal review.
Finally, the authors hope that Critical journal review can be useful for the wider
community, especially students who want to make this task as a reference.

Medan , 04 April 2018


Author

(TIRA KRISTY PANE )

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

A. Rationalization The Importance of Critical Journal Review

Critical journal review is an activity to review a journal in order to know and


understand what is presented in a journal that focuses on the evaluation (explanation,
interpretation and analysis) about the advantages and weaknesses, what is interesting, and
how the journal can change the perception and way of thinking and into consideration
whether from the knowledge gained to increase understanding of a particular field of study.
In addition, critical journal reviews can also train our ability to analyze and evaluate
the discussion presented by the author. So it becomes a valuable input for other creative
authorship process.

B. Purpose of Critical Journal Review


1. To fulfill the tasks in leadership courses.
2. Improving students' ability to summarize, analyze, and compare and critique the
journal.
3. Strengthen the reader's understanding of the importance of descriptive statistics in
life.

C. Benefits of Critical Journal Review


1. As a reference how to perfect a jounal and search for relevant reading sources.
2. Make me as a writer and student more honed in criticizing a journal.
3. To increase knowledge of descriptive statistics.

D. Identity of Articles and Journals Reviewed


1. Journal Name : Descriptive Statistics
2. Author Article : Leni Masnidar Nasution
3. Publishers : STAI
4. City rises : Lubuk Pakam
5. ISSN Number : 1829-8419
6. Site Address
http://jurnalhikmah.staisumateramedan.ac.id/index.php/hikmah/article/download/8/11
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CHAPTER II SUMMARY OF ARTICLES CONTENTS

A. Introduction

The word statistics comes from the Latin, ie status which means state or state matters
relating to the constitution. The notion of this statistic then develop according to the
development epoch, as follows.
1. Statistics is a set of numbers for explain something, both the numbers are still random as
well as numbers already arranged in a table
2. Statistics are a set of ways and rules on the collection, processing, analysis, and
interpretation of data composed of the numbers.
3. Statistics is a set of numbers that explain the properties of the data or result of observation /
research.
For more details can be concluded that statistics is a studying science about the ins and
outs of data that is about collection, processing, interpretation and the withdrawal of
conclusions from that data shaped figures. There are three main things that are contained in
statisktik, namely: Data, Treatment from data, in the form of collection, processing /
analysis, interpretation and withdrawal conclusion, and Figures.

B. Content Description

Hasan (2004: 185) explains: Analysis Descriptive is a form analysis of research data to
test generalization research results based on one sample. This descriptive analysis is
conducted by testing the descriptive hypothesis. Results the analysis is whether the research
hypothesis can be generalized or not. If the null hypothesis (H0) is accepted, meaning the
result research can be generalized. Analysis This descriptive uses one variable or more but
independent, therefore this analysis is not in the form of comparison or relationships.
Furthermore Hasan (2001: 7) explains: Descriptive statistics or deductive statistics is part of
the study statistics how to collect data and presenting the data so young is understood.
Descriptive statistics are only related with regard to deciphering or giving descriptions of data
or state or phenomenon. In words Descriptive statistics serve to explain circumstances,
symptoms, or problems.

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Drawing conclusions on statistics descriptive (if any) is only directed at existing data
set. Based on the scope of discussion descriptive statistics includes:
1. Distribution of frequency and its parts as :
a. Distribution graph (histogram, polygon frequency, and ogif);
b. The size of the central value (average, median,mode, quartile and so on);
c. Size of dispersion (range, deviation average, variation, deviation raw, and partly);
d. Curse and tilt curve
2. Index number.
3. Times series / time series or periodic.
4. Correlation and simple regression.
Suryoatmono (2004: 18) states: Descriptive Statistics is a statistic using data in a group
to explain or draw conclusions about the group alone
1. Location Size: mode, mean, median, etc.
2. Size of Variability: variance, deviation standard, range, etc.
3. Shape Size: skewness, kurtosis, plotcrib
Pangestu Subagyo (2003: 1) states: Referred to as descriptive statistics is the statistical
part about data collection, presentation, determination statistical values, diagramming or
image of something, here the data which is presented in more form easy to understand or
read. Sudjana (1996: 7) explains: Phase statistics which only attempt to describe or flow
through the given group without making or drawing conclusions about more populations or
groupsbig is called descriptive statistics. Population and Sample In statistics are always
related with data. Data are facts that trustworthy truth. Collection facts that constitute this
data can in whole or in part. Whole of all the facts studied were called as a population, while
if of all facts that are considered to be entirely representative referred to as samples. Samples
should be taken representing the entire population under study, therefore the sample selection
should be cultivated in such a way that the sampleit can show a picture of the situation the
entire population, the number of samples do nottoo little and determine it in a manner random
or arbitrary.
Statistics Statistical data can be collected by using a systematic procedure. Data collection
can be distinguished based on its characteristics, namely:

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1. Based on the type of collection method, divided into:
a. Observation (observation), that is the way data collection by plunging and look directly
into the field against the object under study (population). This observation is also called
research field.
b. The literature search, that is the way data collection by using part or all of that data has
been there. This method is also called indirect observation.
c. The use of questionnaires (questionnaires), ie how to collect data by using questionnaire /
questionnaire or a list of entries against that object researched (population)
d. Interview (interview), that is the way direct data collection hold a question and answer to
the object under study or to an intermediary who knows the problem from the object under
study.
2. Based on the amount of data taken, divided into:
a. Census, that is how data is collected by taking an element or members of the population as
a whole to be investigated. Data obtained of the census results are called parameters or actual
data (true value).
b. Sampling, that is how to collect data by taking a portion of elements or members of the
population for investigated. Data obtained from sampling is called statistic or data estimate .
Data that has been collected (data raw) then processed. Data processing is a process for
obtaining data summary of raw data by using way or formula. Data amount (total), average ,
percentage and so on. In order for data that has been processed easy read and understood by
others, necessary presented in a certain form. Function presentation of data, among others:
1. Show the progress of a situation.
2. Make a comparison on a time.
Presentation of data can be done within form :
1. Data table, ie presentation of data in the set of collated numbers by a certain category
within a list. In the table, the data are arranged alphabetically, geographically, by magnitude
numbers, historically or by classes which is prevalent. Based on the settings data, the table is
divided into several types, namely:
a. The frequency table, which is a table shows or loads event or frequency of a events.
b. Table classification, which is a table show or load grouping data. This type can be shared
again into two, namely the classification table single and table classification double.

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c. Contingency table, which is table show or load data according to the details. If the row
section of the table contains m rows and the column part of the table contains n line then got
contingency table sized m x n.
d. Table of correlation, ie tables that shows or loads correlation (relationship) between the
data presented.
2. Graph data or data diagram, ie presentation of data in the form of pictures.
The data graph is actually presentation of data visually from table. The data graphic is
differentiated over several types, namely:
a. The pictogram, that is the graph of the data using images or symbols of the data itself by
scale certain.
b. Bar graph or beam, ie graph the data is rectangular the same width and equipped with scale
or size according to the data concerned. Bar chart can be single graph, multiple or multiple
components.
c. Line graph, ie graph data form line, obtained from several segments lines connecting the
dots on the number. Two lines are used which intersect and mutual perpendicular (cross axis
system). On a horizontal line (X axis) placed numbers of its nature fixed (such as year and
size measure). On the vertical line (Y axis) placed numbers of its nature changeable (such as
price, cost and amount).
d. The circle graph, the data graph in the form of a circle that has been shared be juring-juring
in accordance with the data. Part of the whole data stated in percent. There are two ways to
create circle graph, that is:
1) Divide the circumference of the circle according to existing data.
2) Divide the circle by virgin by using protractor.
e. Kartogram or statistical map, ie graph of the data in the form of a map showing population
density, bulk rain, agricultural products, mining products, etc.

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CHAPTER III DISCUSSION / ANALYSIS

A. Journal Content Discussion

In the article reviewed According to Hasan (2004: 185), Analysis Descriptive is a form
of analysis of data to test generalization of research results based on one sample.
In the article of descriptive statistics to see the distribution of data patterns studied
Descriptive statistics are statistical methods that can be used in the collection and
presentation of data to generate useful information. Descriptive statistics are not to search for
the relationship of the influence of one variable with other variables, but it is a tool to see the
portrait of the condition being investigated / observed.
in a simple statistical analysis article for decision making, Descriptive statistics are
methods related to the collection and presentation of a data cluster so as to provide useful
information
Based on the three articles, it can be concluded that descriptive statistics is to describe
and analyze data by calculating or processing at least one sample statistic, by arranging a
number of graphs and tables, and by comparing the results obtained with other data.

B. The advantages and disadvantages of article content

1. From the aspect of the scope of article content:

Scope of the scope of the article is less extensive, the article only discusses some
material only about descriptive statistics.

2. From the grammar aspect, the article is

The language used in the article is not so convoluted that it is easy to understand.

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CHAPTER IV CLOSING

A. Conclusion
Descriptive statistics is a statistical section of data collection, presentation,
determination of statistical values, making diagrams or drawings of something, here the data
is presented in a more easily understood form or be read. The type of statistical techniques
used to test descriptive hypotheses should be according to the type of data or variable based
on the measurement scale, ie nominal, ordinal, or interval / ratio.

B. Suggestion
In terms of aspects of the scope of the article should be improved again so that the
journal can be a relevant reference source.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Hasan, Iqbal, (2001). Pokok-Pokok Materi Statistik 1 (Statistik Deskriptif). Jakarta : PT Bumi
Aksara
Hasan, Iqbal, (2004). Analisa Data Penelitian dengan Statistik. Jakarta : PT Bumi Aksara
Subagyo, Pangestu, (2003). Statistik Deskriptif. Yogyakarta : BPFE-Yogyakarta
Sudjana, (1996). Metode Statistika. Bandung: Penerbit Tarsito Bandung
Suryoatmono, Bambang, (2007). Kursus Statistika Dasar. (online):
http://home.unpar.ac.id/~suryoatm/Kursus%20Statistika%20Dasar.PDF