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Name: ___________________________________ Date: ____________________

Yr. & Section: _____________________________ Score: ____________________


3rd Quarter- 1st Summative Test
Module I. The Particle Nature of Matter

I. Fill in the Blanks. Write the correct answer on the space provided before the number.
___________________1. Anything that occupies space and has mass.
___________________2. States of matter where particles are arranged in a fixed proportion.
___________________3. States of matter that has indefinite shape but has definite volume.
___________________4. States of matter where particles are not arranged and far apart from each other.
___________________5. It is a condition where at certain temperature a substance of liquid turns into solid.
___________________6. Point at which the substance at certain temperature a liquid will turn into gas.
___________________7. Point at which the substance at certain temperature a solid will turn into gas.
___________________8. Change in matter where the appearance can be changed but not its identity.
___________________9. Properties of matter that can be observed without chemically changing the property.
___________________10. Properties of matter that describe how a substance interacts with other substances.

II. Classification of Matter. Classify each sample as element, compound, homogeneous and heterogeneous
mixture.
___________________1. Lead ______________________11. Raisin Bread
___________________2. Pure Water ______________________12. Soil
___________________3. Gatorade ______________________13. Sugar
___________________4. Hydrogen Peroxide ______________________14. Gold
___________________5. Salt ______________________15. Ceasar Salad
___________________6. Sand ______________________16. Egg Pie
___________________7. Tacos ______________________17. Calcium
___________________8. Chocolate Chip Cookie ______________________18. Salt water
___________________9. Evaporated Milk mixed with hot water ______________________19. Potassium
___________________10. Carbon Dioxide ______________________20. Cloud

III. Changes in Matter. Indicate with a PC and CC which type of change is taking place.

__________1. Hammering wood together ___________11. Crushing a can


__________2. Melting ice ___________12. Growing plants
__________3. Bleaching your hair ___________13. Frying an egg
__________4. Mixing oil and water ___________14. Mixing salt and vinegar
__________5. Fireworks ___________15. Decaying plants
__________6. Crushing ice ___________16. Boiling water
__________7. Squeeze oranges for juice ___________17. Boiled camote
__________8. Bending of metal ___________18. Food color dropped into water
__________9. Heat changes water to steam ___________19. Baking soda reacts to vinegar
__________10. Grass grows ___________20. A tire is inflated

IV. Properties of Matter. Indicate with a PP and CP which type of property is taking place.

__________1. Density ___________11. Reacts with air


__________2. Odor ___________12. Luster
__________3. Boiling point ___________13. Hardness
__________4. Reacts with water ___________14. Melting point
__________5. Taste ___________15. Combustion
__________6. Solubility ___________16. Flammability
__________7. Color red ___________17. Ductility
__________8. Texture ___________18. Volume
__________9. Weight ___________19. Failure to react
__________10. Tendency to corrode ___________20. Shape
UNIT 3. Module 2. ATOMS: INSIDE OUT

The substances that exist on Earth consist of matter which has both mass and volume. The measure of mass
contained in matter is mainly due to atoms that compose it. These are considered as the fundamental particles
with which every known matter is made of. These particles have unique physical and chemical properties which
cannot be divided further. 'Democritus', the Greek philosopher called these as atomos or something that could
not be divided further.

Atoms - are the basic building blocks of ordinary matter. Atoms can join together to form molecules, which in
turn form most of the objects around you. Atoms are composed of particles called protons, electrons and
neutron.

Dalton’s Atomic Theory (1808)


 All matter is made up of atoms.
 Atoms are indivisible (cannot be broken down into smaller pieces)
 All atoms of a given element are exactly alike in size, mass and shape.
 Atoms of different elements can combine in simple whole number ratios to form compounds.
 Atoms are simply just rearranged in chemical reactions.

Three Fundamental Subatomic Particles of an Atom


1. Proton
 These are positively charged and are considered to be one of fundamental atomic constituents.
 The mass of proton is about 1 amu or atomic mass unit.
 These are found in central region of the atom or nucleus along with the neutrons.
 The chemical character and identity both depend upon the proton number and hence is equivalent to
the atomic number.
 The placing of elements and the order in which the elements are arranged in a periodic table depend
upon the number of proton the element has in its nucleus.
2. Electron

 The mass of electron is about 1/ 1800 amu and carry a single unit of negative charge.
 Electrons revolve in specific regions of the atom better known as energy levels.
 The number of electrons that these energy levels could hold is eight as maximum and two as minimum.
 Unlike the protons and neutrons, these do not consist of any smaller particles and are considered as
elementary particle.
 For every electrical phenomenon it’s the absence or presence of electrons or their transition through the
substance which causes the incident.

3. Neutron

 Neutrons has a mass of 1.0 amu with neutral charge.


 The neutron has a half-life of about 11 minutes.
 The atomic nuclei of all elements except Hydrogen contain neutron (the isotopic forms of deuterium and
tritium have neutron in their nucleus).
 The isotopic forms of all elements depend upon the neutron number in their respective atoms.
 Elements having same proton number but different neutron number in their nucleus constitute the
isotopic forms. Example: Hydrogen 1 has one proton and no neutron, Hydrogen 2 or Deuterium has
one proton and one neutron, Hydrogen 3 or Tritium has one proton and two neutrons.

Some Important Concepts:

Atomic Number – the number of protons that are in a given atom. Atoms of the same element always
have the same atomic number. Elements are arranged in the order of increasing atomic number on the
Periodic Table.

Mass Number - the number of protons + the number of neutrons in a given atom of an element.

Average Atomic Mass – the weighted average of all of the isotopes of a given element. This is what is
found on the Periodic Table.
UNIT 3. Module 2. ATOMS: INSIDE OUT

The substances that exist on Earth consist of matter which has both mass and volume. The measure of mass
contained in matter is mainly due to atoms that compose it. These are considered as the fundamental particles
with which every known matter is made of. These particles have unique physical and chemical properties which
cannot be divided further. 'Democritus', the Greek philosopher called these as atomos or something that could
not be divided further.

Atoms - are the basic building blocks of ordinary matter. Atoms can join together to form molecules, which in
turn form most of the objects around you. Atoms are composed of particles called protons, electrons and
neutron.

Dalton’s Atomic Theory (1808)


 All matter is made up of atoms.
 Atoms are indivisible (cannot be broken down into smaller pieces)
 All atoms of a given element are exactly alike in size, mass and shape.
 Atoms of different elements can combine in simple whole number ratios to form compounds.
 Atoms are simply just rearranged in chemical reactions.

Three Fundamental Subatomic Particles of an Atom


1. Proton
Proton consists of particles called quarks and when some basic types of quarks bind together we see the creation
of protons. These particles along with electrons and neutrons are created right after the creation of universe as
the primordial gas temperature reduced.
Characteristics of protons:
 The mass of proton is about 1 amu or atomic mass unit.
 These are positively charged and are considered to be one of fundamental atomic constituents.
 These are found in central region of the atom or nucleus along with the neutrons.
 The chemical character and identity both depend upon the proton number and hence is equivalent to
the atomic number.
 The placing of elements and the order in which the elements are arranged in a periodic table depend
upon the number of proton the element has in its nucleus.
Electron
This is the first elementary particle, leptons, which was clearly identified and is also the lightest of the elementary
particle. Electron is one of those few particles which do not decay into other particles. These particles are
responsible for the nuclear reaction that takes place in the core of Sun and the resultant heat. For every element
of the Universe the central nucleus is surrounded by the electron cloud. The chemical properties and the
difference in such properties that exists between elements are all due to the electron number present in the atom
as these particles are either lost or gained for any chemical change to take place.
Characteristics of electrons:

 The mass of electron is about 1/ 1800 amu and carry a single unit of negative charge.
 Electrons revolve in specific regions of the atom better known as energy levels.
 The number of electrons that these energy levels could hold is eight as maximum and two as minimum.
 Unlike the protons and neutrons, these do not consist of any smaller particles and are considered as
elementary particle.
 For every electrical phenomenon it’s the absence or presence of electrons or their transition through the
substance which causes the incident.

Neutron
Neutrons are considered to be very stable particle and could remain or maintain status for infinite time period.
Unlike the electrons neutrons undergo decay most spontaneous and produce protons and electrons.

Characteristics of neutron:

 Neutrons has a mass of 1.0 amu with neutral charge.


 The neutron has a half-life of about 11 minutes.
 The atomic nuclei of all elements except Hydrogen contain neutron (the isotopic forms of deuterium and
tritium have neutron in their nucleus).
 The isotopic forms of all elements depend upon the neutron number in their respective atoms.
 Elements having same proton number but different neutron number in their nucleus constitute the
isotopic forms. Example: Hydrogen 1 has one proton and no neutron, Hydrogen 2 or Deuterium has
one proton and one neutron, Hydrogen 3 or Tritium has one proton and two neutrons.

Some Important Concepts:

Atomic Number – the number of protons that are in a given atom. Atoms of the same element always
have the same atomic number. Elements are arranged in the order of increasing atomic number on the
Periodic Table.

Mass Number - the number of protons + the number of neutrons in a given atom of an element.

Average Atomic Mass – the weighted average of all of the isotopes of a given element. This is what is
found on the Periodic Table.