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MINISTRY OF WORKS AND TRANSPORT

MT. ELGON LABOUR BASED TRAINING CENTRE

DESIGN REVIEW REPORT


OF KAZWAMA– KYALUSAKA ROAD, NAKASONGOLA DISTRICT
Contents
1.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Location of the site ............................................................................................................................. 1
2.0 Review process........................................................................................................................................ 1
2.1 Condition survey ................................................................................................................................. 2
2.2 Topographical survey .......................................................................................................................... 2
2.3 Dynamic Cone penetration ................................................................................................................. 2
2.4 Traffic Counts ...................................................................................................................................... 2
2.5 Material Tests ..................................................................................................................................... 4
3.0 Design Review ......................................................................................................................................... 4
4.0 Drawings, strip maps and BOQs.............................................................................................................. 5

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1.0 Background
In 2014, Mt. Elgon Labor-based Training Centre conducted the first phase of training of staff from 18
districts and 18 local constructors in Low Cost Sealing for Low volume roads. The second phase of
training which comprise selection, design and implementation of the trial section with the low cost
technology in the district is ongoing. The district staff as part of the assignment selected and designed
the roads. However, before implementation commences, the designs must be reviewed by the Centre.
Accordingly, I was assigned to review the designs of Nakasongola Districts. This document presents the
report of the design review.

1.1 Location of the site


The site is located about 21 km east of Nakasongola. The road starts at Kazwama and connects to
Kyalusaka at the landing site. The location of the site is shown on the map below.

Figure 1: Map showing the location of the site

2.0 Review process


The review process involved conduction of a number of activities as outlined below:

 Condition survey;
 Topological survey;
 Dynamic Cone penetration;

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 Traffic Survey; and
 Material testing

2.1 Condition survey


Condition survey was conducted by walking along the road, making observation and recording the
observation using forms. The data captured was used to feed into the strip map which is attached.

2.2 Topographical survey


This was conducted to establish the profile and cross sections of the road using a dumpy level. Levels
were taken at 20 m interval along the centerline and cross sections at every 100m. The profile of the
road was plotted as presented on the strip maps. The cross sections are also attached.

2.3 Dynamic Cone penetration


This was conducted to establish the strength of the pavement layers. Tests were taken at 50m interval
staggered at the Centre, left wheel path and right wheel path. The results of the tests are presented in
table 1 and table 2.

2.4 Traffic Counts


Traffic counts were done for 12 hours and 7 consecutive days. This was done to establish the current
traffic levels using the road. It was done by tallying the different classes of vehicles passing a particular
point in both directions. The results of the traffic count are presented in table 3.

Table 1: DCP Summary

UK DCP V3.1
Tests Summary Report
Project Name: Kazwama Road, nakasongola

Test Details Upper Layers Test Layers Pavement Strength


No. Test Date Chainage Location Offset Surface Type Surface Base Type Base Sub-base Subgrade SN SNP
(km) (m) Moisture Thickness Thickness CBR (%)
(mm) (mm)
1 15-May-18 0.000 Carriageway -- Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 56 33 0.24 2.35
2 15-May-18 0.100 Carriageway 1.50 Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 31 50 0.11 2.32
3 15-May-18 0.200 Carriageway 1.50 Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 298 37 1.32 2.98
4 15-May-18 0.300 Carriageway 1.50 Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 205 34 0.60 2.52
5 15-May-18 0.400 Carriageway -- Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 249 38 1.12 2.96
6 15-May-18 0.500 Carriageway 1.50 Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 248 22 1.04 2.66
7 15-May-18 0.600 Carriageway -- Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 275 17 1.11 2.52
8 15-May-18 0.700 Carriageway 1.50 Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 233 5 0.82 1.49
9 15-May-18 0.800 Carriageway -- Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 38 50 0.14 2.37
10 15-May-18 0.900 Carriageway 1.50 Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 240 18 1.02 2.56
11 15-May-18 1.000 Carriageway -- Unpaved 0.71 (Moderate) -- -- 203 19 0.89 2.54

Report Date: 15-May-2018 Page 1 of 1


Table 2: DCP Section Properties

UK DCP V3.1
DCP Section Properties Report
Project Name: Kazwama Road, nakasongola
Number of Tests: 11 Location: All Tests

Section Start End Length (km) Tests Parameter Maximum Minimum Mean SD 10th %ile
1 0.000 1.000 1.000 11 CBR (Base) % 0 0 0 0 0
CBR (Sub-base) % 75 13 41 20 20
CBR (Subgrade) % 50 5 29 14 17
SN 1.32 0.11 0.76 0.43 0.18
SNP 2.98 1.49 2.48 0.40 2.31
Surface Thickness (mm) 0 0 0 0 --
Base Thickness (mm) 0 0 0 0 --
Sub-base Thickness (mm) 298 31 189 98 --
Pavement Thickness (mm) 298 31 189 98 --

Table 3: Traffic counts

TRAFFIC COUNT SUMMARY FORM


LIGHT GOODS
VEHICLES MEDIUM+
PASSENGER (pickups, vans, TRUCKS 2,3 HEAVY
DATE BICYCLES MOTORCYCLES CARS etc &4 AXLES BUSES
10-05-18 501 544 212 98 58 0
11-05-18 661 672 198 80 55 0
12-05-18 655 660 201 87 52 0
13-05-18 691 639 171 97 34 2
14-05-18 675 725 292 43 11 4
15-05-18 690 680 179 67 81 2
16-05-18
TOTAL 3873 3920 1253 472 291 8
ADT 646 653 209 79 49 1.333
Factored
Report Date: 15-May-2018 Page 1 of 1
ADT 858.515 868.933 277.7483333 104.6266667 64.505 1.773333333

Adopting the ESA values per vehicles as shown in the table below,

Table 4: adopted ESA values


SN Bicycle Motorcycles Passenger cars Pickups Medium trucks Buses
Total count for 0 0 0 0.15 0.7 0.73
six days

Total Daily Equivalent Standard Axle (DESA) = 62.12

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Table 5: Cumulative Equivalent Standard Axles
Design
period Traffic growth
1 2 3 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
1 22674 22674 22674 22674 22674 22674 22674 22674 22674 22674
2 45574 45801 46028 46255 46368 46481 46595 46708 46821 46935
3 68704 69391 70082 70779 71128 71479 71831 72184 72539 72894
4 92065 93453 94859 96283 97003 97727 98456 99189 99927 100670
5 115659 117995 120378 122809 124042 125287 126545 127814 129096 130391
6 139490 143029 146663 150395 152297 154225 156178 158157 160162 162192
7 163558 168563 173737 179084 181825 184610 187442 190320 193246 196220
8 187868 194609 201623 208922 212681 216515 220425 224413 228481 232629
9 212420 221174 230346 239952 244925 250014 255222 260552 266006 271587
10 237218 248272 259930 272224 278620 285189 291933 298859 305970 313271
11 262264 275911 290401 305787 313832 322122 330663 339464 348532 357874
12 287561 304103 321787 340692 350628 360902 371524 382506 393860 405599
13 313110 332859 354115 376994 389080 401621 414631 428130 442135 456665
14 338915 362190 387412 414747 429263 444375 460110 476491 493547 511305
15 364978 392107 421708 454011 471253 489268 508090 527755 548302 569770

It can be noted that using the design period of 10 years, the traffic band at any traffic growth rate less
than 6% is LV3 (0.1 – 0.3).

2.5 Material Tests


By the writing of this report, test results for materials had not been received.

3.0 Design Review


The following parameters were adopted for the design review

Design CBR range: (17% – 29%);

Subgrade class: S5

Traffic Class: (LV3);

Weinert Number N: <4

Accordingly from the design charts below, the pavement layer configuration shown in figure 2 was
established.

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Base of
150mm, CBR 65%

Sub-base of
150mm and 30% CBR

Subgrade of 17% CBR

Figure 2: Pavement Configuration

The above pavement configuration was adopted for the new design. The top most layer from the DCP
tests show a strong layer with average CBR of 41% and average thickness of 189mm; however, from
observation, a large section of the road had lost the entire gravel layer. Only a section of about 200m
had the existing gravel layer.

Awaiting results for the material tests, tentatively, a lime stabilized base has been adopted at a lime
content of 4%.

4.0 Drawings, strip maps and BOQs


Attached bellows are the drawings, strip maps and BOQ.

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