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DESIGN OF HELICAL GEARS-U.S.

APPLICATION: Milling machine driven by an electric motor


Example Problem 10-3
Initial Input Data: Factors in Design Analysis:
Input Power: P= 3.47 hp Alignment Factor, Km =1.0+Cpf +Cma If F<1.0 If F>1.0 F/DP = 1.56
Input Speed: nP = 400 rpm Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf = 0.131 0.149 [0.50 < F/DP < 2.00]
Transverse Diametral Pitch, P d : Pd = 9.66 Enter: C pf = 0.149 Figure 9-16
Number of Pinion Teeth: NP = 15 Type of gearing: Open Commer. Precision Ex. Prec.
Desired Output Speed: nG = 133.33 rpm Mesh Alignment Factor, Cma = 0.287 0.165 0.098 0.062
Computed number of gear teeth: 45.0 Enter: C ma = 0.165 Figure 9-17
Enter: Chosen No. of Gear Teeth: NG = 45 Alignment Factor: K m = 1.31 [Computed]
Computed data: Overload Factor: K o = 1.50 Table 9-7
Actual Output Speed: nG = 133.3 rpm Size Factor: K s = 1.00 Table 9-8: Use 1.00 if P d >= 5
Gear Ratio: m G = 3.00 Pinion Rim Thickness Factor: K BP = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Pinion: DP = 1.553 in Gear Rim Thickness Factor: K BG = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Gear: DG = 4.658 in Dynamic Factor: Kv = 1.14 [Computed: See Fig. 9-20] For Kv :
Center Distance: C= 3.106 in Service Factor: SF = 1.00 Use 1.00 if no unusual conditions B = 0.7314
Pitch Line Speed: vt = 163 ft/min C = 65.04
Transmitted Load: Wt = 704 lb Reliability Factor: K R = 1.00 Table 9-11 Use 1.00 for R = .99
Enter: Design Life: 10000 hours See Table 9-12
Secondary Input Data: Pinion - Number of load cycles: NP = 2.4E+08 Guidelines: YN , ZN
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Transverse pressure angle: φ t = 20.647 deg Gear - Number of load cycles: NG = 8.0E+07 10 cycles >107 <107
Helix angle: ψ = 15.0 deg Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NP = 0.96 1.00 0.96 Fig. 9-22
Axial Pitch: p x = 1.2137 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NG = 0.98 1.00 0.98 Fig. 9-22
Min. Face Width (2 x Axial Pitch): F min = 2.427 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NP = 0.93 1.00 0.93 Fig. 9-24
Enter: Face Width: F = 2.427 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NG = 0.95 1.00 0.95 Fig. 9-24 Through Hardened
Enter: Elastic Coefficient: Cp = 2300 Table 9-10 Stress Analysis: Bending Grade 1 Steel
Enter: Quality Number: A v = 10 Table 9-3 Pinion: Required s at = 12,887 psi See Fig. 9-11 or HB 1 Fig. 9-11
REF: NP, NG = 15 45 Gear: Required s at = 13,926 psi Table 9-5 HB 15 Fig. 9-11
Enter: Bending Geometry Factors: Stress Analysis: Pitting
Pinion: J P = 0.508 Fig 10-5,6,7 Pinion: Required s ac = 109,580 psi See Fig. 9-12 or HB 250 Fig. 9-12
Gear: J G = 0.461 Fig 10-5,6,7 Gear: Required s ac = 106,846 psi Table 9-5 HB 241 Fig. 9-12
Enter: Pitting Geometry Factor: I = 0.214 Tab. 10-1,2 Specify materials, alloy and heat treatment, for most severe requirement.
REF: mG = 3.00 One possible material specification: Steel pinion and gear: Carburized, Grade 1
Axial Force: W x = 189 lb Pinion requires HRC 58 min.: SAE 4320 SOQT 450; HRC 59; Carburized
Radial Force: Wr = 265 lb Gear requires HRC 58 min.: SAE 4320 SOQT 450; HRC 59; Carburized

Computed stresses without modifying factors for reliability and life:


Computed bending stress no. = s t = 12,393 psi pinion
Computed bending stress no. = s t = 13,657 psi gear
Computed contact stress no. = s c = 0 psi pinion
Computed contact stress no. = s c = 0 psi gear
   
DESIGN OF HELICAL GEARS-U.S. APPLICATION: Milling machine driven by an electric motor
Example Problem 10-3
Initial Input Data: Factors in Design Analysis:
Input Power: P= 20 hp Alignment Factor, Km =1.0+Cpf +Cma If F<1.0 If F>1.0 F/DP = 1.01
Input Speed: nP = 550 rpm Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf = 0.076 0.107 [0.50 < F/DP < 2.00]
Transverse Diametral Pitch, P d : Pd = 3.464 Enter: C pf = 0.107 Figure 9-16
Number of Pinion Teeth: NP = 12 Type of gearing: Open Commer. Precision Ex. Prec.
Desired Output Speed: nG = 146.6 rpm Mesh Alignment Factor, Cma = 0.305 0.181 0.111 0.073
Computed number of gear teeth: 45.0 Enter: C ma = 0.181 Figure 9-17
Enter: Chosen No. of Gear Teeth: NG = 45 Alignment Factor: K m = 1.29 [Computed]
Computed data: Overload Factor: K o = 1.25 Table 9-7
Actual Output Speed: nG = 146.7 rpm Size Factor: K s = 1.15 Table 9-8: Use 1.00 if P d >= 5
Gear Ratio: m G = 3.75 Pinion Rim Thickness Factor: K BP = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Pinion: DP = 3.464 in Gear Rim Thickness Factor: K BG = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Gear: DG = 12.991 in Dynamic Factor: Kv = 1.14 [Computed: See Fig. 9-20] For Kv :
Center Distance: C= 8.227 in Service Factor: SF = 1.00 Use 1.00 if no unusual conditions B = 0.5202
Pitch Line Speed: vt = 499 ft/min C = 76.87
Transmitted Load: Wt = 1323 lb Reliability Factor: K R = 1.00 Table 9-11 Use 1.00 for R = .99
Enter: Design Life: 10000 hours See Table 9-12
Secondary Input Data: Pinion - Number of load cycles: NP = 3.3E+08 Guidelines: YN , ZN
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Transverse pressure angle: φ t = 28.30 deg Gear - Number of load cycles: NG = 8.8E+07 10 cycles >107 <107
Helix angle: ψ = 30.0 deg Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NP = 0.96 1.00 0.96 Fig. 9-22
Axial Pitch: p x = 1.5708 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NG = 0.98 1.00 0.98 Fig. 9-22
Min. Face Width (2 x Axial Pitch): F min = 3.142 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NP = 0.92 1.00 0.92 Fig. 9-24
Enter: Face Width: F = 3.500 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NG = 0.95 1.00 0.95 Fig. 9-24 Through Hardened
Enter: Elastic Coefficient: Cp = 2300 Table 9-10 Stress Analysis: Bending Grade 1 Steel
Enter: Quality Number: A v = 8 Table 9-3 Pinion: Required s at = 5,171 psi See Fig. 9-11 or HB -99 Fig. 9-11
REF: NP, NG = 12 45 Gear: Required s at = 5,143 psi Table 9-5 HB -99 Fig. 9-11
Enter: Bending Geometry Factors: Stress Analysis: Pitting
Pinion: J P = 0.560 Fig 10-5,6,7 Pinion: Required s ac = 78,527 psi See Fig. 9-12 or HB 153 Fig. 9-12
Gear: J G = 0.550 Fig 10-5,6,7 Gear: Required s ac = 76,176 psi Table 9-5 HB 146 Fig. 9-12
Enter: Pitting Geometry Factor: I = 0.233 Tab. 10-1,2 Specify materials, alloy and heat treatment, for most severe requirement.
REF: mG = 3.75
Axial Force: W x = 764 lb AISI 1040 COLD DRAWN
Radial Force: Wr = 712 lb

   
DESIGN OF HELICAL GEARS-U.S. APPLICATION: Milling machine driven by an electric motor
Example Problem 10-3
Initial Input Data: Factors in Design Analysis:
Input Power: P= 20 hp Alignment Factor, Km =1.0+Cpf +Cma If F<1.0 If F>1.0 F/DP = 0.76
Input Speed: nP = 550 rpm Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf = 0.051 0.082 [0.50 < F/DP < 2.00]
Transverse Diametral Pitch, P d : Pd = 3.464 Enter: C pf = 0.082 Figure 9-16
Number of Pinion Teeth: NP = 16 Type of gearing: Open Commer. Precision Ex. Prec.
Desired Output Speed: nG = 146.6 rpm Mesh Alignment Factor, Cma = 0.305 0.181 0.111 0.073
Computed number of gear teeth: 60.0 Enter: C ma = 0.181 Figure 9-17
Enter: Chosen No. of Gear Teeth: NG = 60 Alignment Factor: K m = 1.26 [Computed]
Computed data: Overload Factor: K o = 1.25 Table 9-7
Actual Output Speed: nG = 146.7 rpm Size Factor: K s = 1.05 Table 9-8: Use 1.00 if P d >= 5
Gear Ratio: m G = 3.75 Pinion Rim Thickness Factor: K BP = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Pinion: DP = 4.619 in Gear Rim Thickness Factor: K BG = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Gear: DG = 17.321 in Dynamic Factor: Kv = 1.16 [Computed: See Fig. 9-20] For Kv :
Center Distance: C= 10.970 in Service Factor: SF = 1.00 Use 1.00 if no unusual conditions B = 0.5202
Pitch Line Speed: vt = 665 ft/min C = 76.87
Transmitted Load: Wt = 992 lb Reliability Factor: K R = 1.00 Table 9-11 Use 1.00 for R = .99
Enter: Design Life: 10000 hours See Table 9-12
Secondary Input Data: Pinion - Number of load cycles: NP = 3.3E+08 Guidelines: YN , ZN
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Transverse pressure angle: φ t = 28.30 deg Gear - Number of load cycles: NG = 8.8E+07 10 cycles >107 <107
Helix angle: ψ = 30.0 deg Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NP = 0.96 1.00 0.96 Fig. 9-22
Axial Pitch: p x = 1.5708 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NG = 0.98 1.00 0.98 Fig. 9-22
Min. Face Width (2 x Axial Pitch): F min = 3.142 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NP = 0.92 1.00 0.92 Fig. 9-24
Enter: Face Width: F = 3.500 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NG = 0.95 1.00 0.95 Fig. 9-24 Through Hardened
Enter: Elastic Coefficient: Cp = 2300 Table 9-10 Stress Analysis: Bending Grade 1 Steel
Enter: Quality Number: A v = 8 Table 9-3 Pinion: Required s at = 3,337 psi See Fig. 9-11 or HB -122 Fig. 9-11
REF: NP, NG = 16 60 Gear: Required s at = 3,339 psi Table 9-5 HB -122 Fig. 9-11
Enter: Bending Geometry Factors: Stress Analysis: Pitting
Pinion: J P = 0.593 Fig 10-5,6,7 Pinion: Required s ac = 56,220 psi See Fig. 9-12 or HB 84 Fig. 9-12
Gear: J G = 0.579 Fig 10-5,6,7 Gear: Required s ac = 54,537 psi Table 9-5 HB 79 Fig. 9-12
Enter: Pitting Geometry Factor: I = 0.233 Tab. 10-1,2 Specify materials, alloy and heat treatment, for most severe requirement.
REF: mG = 3.75
Axial Force: W x = 573 lb AISI 1020
Radial Force: Wr = 534 lb

   
DESIGN OF HELICAL GEARS-U.S. APPLICATION: Milling machine driven by an electric motor
Example Problem 10-3
Initial Input Data: Factors in Design Analysis:
Input Power: P= 20 hp Alignment Factor, Km =1.0+Cpf +Cma If F<1.0 If F>1.0 F/DP = 0.61
Input Speed: nP = 550 rpm Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf = 0.036 0.067 [0.50 < F/DP < 2.00]
Transverse Diametral Pitch, P d : Pd = 3.464 Enter: C pf = 0.067 Figure 9-16
Number of Pinion Teeth: NP = 20 Type of gearing: Open Commer. Precision Ex. Prec.
Desired Output Speed: nG = 146.6 rpm Mesh Alignment Factor, Cma = 0.305 0.181 0.111 0.073
Computed number of gear teeth: 75.0 Enter: C ma = 0.181 Figure 9-17
Enter: Chosen No. of Gear Teeth: NG = 75 Alignment Factor: K m = 1.25 [Computed]
Computed data: Overload Factor: K o = 1.25 Table 9-7
Actual Output Speed: nG = 146.7 rpm Size Factor: K s = 1.05 Table 9-8: Use 1.00 if P d >= 5
Gear Ratio: m G = 3.75 Pinion Rim Thickness Factor: K BP = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Pinion: DP = 5.774 in Gear Rim Thickness Factor: K BG = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Gear: DG = 21.651 in Dynamic Factor: Kv = 1.18 [Computed: See Fig. 9-20] For Kv :
Center Distance: C= 13.712 in Service Factor: SF = 1.00 Use 1.00 if no unusual conditions B = 0.5202
Pitch Line Speed: vt = 831 ft/min C = 76.87
Transmitted Load: Wt = 794 lb Reliability Factor: K R = 1.00 Table 9-11 Use 1.00 for R = .99
Enter: Design Life: 10000 hours See Table 9-12
Secondary Input Data: Pinion - Number of load cycles: NP = 3.3E+08 Guidelines: YN , ZN
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Transverse pressure angle: φ t = 28.30 deg Gear - Number of load cycles: NG = 8.8E+07 10 cycles >107 <107
Helix angle: ψ = 30.0 deg Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NP = 0.96 1.00 0.96 Fig. 9-22
Axial Pitch: p x = 1.5708 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NG = 0.98 1.00 0.98 Fig. 9-22
Min. Face Width (2 x Axial Pitch): F min = 3.142 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NP = 0.92 1.00 0.92 Fig. 9-24
Enter: Face Width: F = 3.500 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NG = 0.95 1.00 0.95 Fig. 9-24 Through Hardened
Enter: Elastic Coefficient: Cp = 2300 Table 9-10 Stress Analysis: Bending Grade 1 Steel
Enter: Quality Number: A v = 8 Table 9-3 Pinion: Required s at = 2,647 psi See Fig. 9-11 or HB -131 Fig. 9-11
REF: NP, NG = 20 75 Gear: Required s at = 2,629 psi Table 9-5 HB -132 Fig. 9-11
Enter: Bending Geometry Factors: Stress Analysis: Pitting
Pinion: J P = 0.600 Fig 10-5,6,7 Pinion: Required s ac = 44,561 psi See Fig. 9-12 or HB 48 Fig. 9-12
Gear: J G = 0.590 Fig 10-5,6,7 Gear: Required s ac = 43,226 psi Table 9-5 HB 44 Fig. 9-12
Enter: Pitting Geometry Factor: I = 0.238 Tab. 10-1,2 Specify materials, alloy and heat treatment, for most severe requirement.
REF: mG = 3.75
Axial Force: W x = 458 lb AISI 1020
Radial Force: Wr = 427 lb
Contact Ratio-Spur Gears

Input Data:
No. of teeth - Pinion = 16
No. of teeth - Gear = 64
Diametral pitch = 6
Pressure angle = 20 degrees
Computed Results:
Outside radius - Pinion = 1.500 in
Base radius - Pinion = 1.253 in
Outside radius - Gear = 5.500 in
Base radius - Gear = 5.012 in
Center distance = 6.667 in
Circular pitch = p = 0.524 in

Contact ratio = 1.647 ok, mayor a 1.2


   
DESIGN OF SPUR GEARS
APPLICATION: Conveyor con motor Factors in Design Analysis:
Alternate Design: Hevy - Duty Conveyor Alignment Factor, Km =1.0+Cpf +Cma If F<1.0 If F>1.0 0.75
Initial Input Data: Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf = 0.050 0.056 [0.50 < F/DP < 2.00]
Overload Factor: Ko = 1.50 Table 9-7 Enter: C pf = 0.056 Figure 9-16
Transmitted Power: P= 16 hp Type of gearing: Open Commer. Precision Ex. Prec.
Design Power P des = 24 hp Mesh Alignment Factor, Cma = 0.272 0.150 0.086 0.053
Diametral Pitch: Pd = 8 Fig. 9-24 Enter: C ma = 0.150 Figure 9-17
Input Speed: nP = 2400 rpm Alignment Factor: Km = 1.21 [Computed]
Number of Pinion Teeth: NP = 16 Size Factor: K s = 1.00 Table 9-8: Use 1.00 if P d >= 5
Desired Output Speed: nG = 600 rpm Pinion Rim Thickness Factor: K BP = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Computed number of gear teeth: 64.0 Gear Rim Thickness Factor: K BG = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Enter: Chosen No. of Gear Teeth: NG = 64 Service Factor: SF = 1.00 Use 1.00 if no unusual conditions
Computed data: Reliability Factor: K R = 1.25 Table 9-11 Use 1.00 for R = .99
Actual Output Speed: nG = 600.0 rpm Enter: Design Life: 20000 hours See Table 9-8
Gear Ratio: mG = 4.00 Pinion - Number of load cycles: NP = 2.9E+09 Guidelines: YN , ZN
Pitch Diameter - Pinion: DP = 2.000 in Gear - Number of load cycles: NG = 7.2E+08 107 cycles >107 <107
Pitch Diameter - Gear: DG = 8.000 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NP = 0.92 1.00 0.92 Fig. 9-22
Center Distance: C= 5.000 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NG = 0.94 1.00 0.94 Fig. 9-22
Pitch Line Speed: vt = 1257 ft/min Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NP = 0.88 1.00 0.88 Fig. 9-23
Transmitted Load: Wt = 420 lb Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NG = 0.91 1.00 0.91 Fig. 9-23
Secondary Input Data: Stress Analysis: Bending
Min Nom Max Pinion: Required s at = 28,056 psi See Fig. 9-11 or
Face Width Guidelines (in): 1.000 1.500 2.000 Gear: Required s at = 18,710 psi Table 9-5
Enter: Face Width: F= 1.500 in Stress Analysis: Pitting
Ratio: Face width/pinion diameter: F/DP = 0.75 Pinion: Required s ac = 191,419 psi See Fig. 9-12 or
Recommended range of ratio: 0.50 < F/DP < 2.00 Gear: Required s ac = 185,412 psi Table 9-5
Enter: Elastic Coefficient: Cp = 2300 Table 9-10 Required hardness of pinion HB: 504 Equations in Fig. 9-12-Grade 1
Enter: Quality Number: A v = 10 Table 9-3 Required hardness of gear HB: 485 Equations in Fig. 9-12-Grade 1
Dynamic Factor: K v = 1.37 Table 9-9 Specify materials, alloy and heat treatment, for most severe requirement.
[Factors for computing K v :] B = 0.731 C = 65.04 AISI 4130 con tratamiento termico
Reference: N P = 16 N G = 64 AISI solo sin tratamiento no funciona
Bending Geometry Factor-Pinion: J P = 0.270 Fig. 9-15
Bending Geometry Factor-Gear: J G = 0.395 Fig. 9-15
Reference: m G = 4.00
Enter: Pitting Geometry Factor: I = 0.102 Fig. 9-21
   
 

DESIGN OF HELICAL GEARS-U.S. APPLICATION: Milling machine driven by an electric motor


Example Problem 10-3
Initial Input Data: Factors in Design Analysis:
Input Power: P= 16 hp Alignment Factor, Km =1.0+Cpf +Cma If F<1.0 If F>1.0 F/DP = 1.17
Input Speed: nP = 600 rpm Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf = 0.092 0.140 [0.50 < F/DP < 2.00]
Transverse Diametral Pitch, P d : Pd = 4.83 Enter: C pf = 0.140 Figure 9-16
Number of Pinion Teeth: NP = 20 Type of gearing: Open Commer. Precision Ex. Prec.
Desired Output Speed: nG = 120 rpm Mesh Alignment Factor, Cma = 0.326 0.201 0.127 0.086
Computed number of gear teeth: 100.0 Enter: C ma = 0.201 Figure 9-17
Enter: Chosen No. of Gear Teeth: NG = 100 Alignment Factor: Km = 1.34 [Computed]
Computed data: Overload Factor: K o = 1.50 Table 9-7
Actual Output Speed: nG = 120.0 rpm Size Factor: K s = 1.00 Table 9-8: Use 1.00 if P d >= 5
Gear Ratio: m G = 5.00 Pinion Rim Thickness Factor: K BP = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Pinion: DP = 4.141 in Gear Rim Thickness Factor: K BG = 1.00 Fig. 9-18: Use 1.00 if solid blank
Pitch Diameter - Gear: DG = 20.704 in Dynamic Factor: Kv = 1.27 [Computed: See Fig. 9-20] For Kv :
Center Distance: C= 12.422 in Service Factor: SF = 1.00 Use 1.00 if no unusual conditions B = 0.7314
Pitch Line Speed: vt = 650 ft/min C = 65.04
Transmitted Load: Wt = 812 lb Reliability Factor: K R = 1.25 Table 9-11 Use 1.00 for R = .99
Enter: Design Life: 20000 hours See Table 9-12
Secondary Input Data: Pinion - Number of load cycles: NP = 7.2E+08 Guidelines: YN , ZN
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Transverse pressure angle: φ t = 20.65 deg Gear - Number of load cycles: NG = 1.4E+08 10 cycles >107 <107
Helix angle: ψ = 15.0 deg Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NP = 0.94 1.00 0.94 Fig. 9-22
Axial Pitch: p x = 2.4274 in Bending Stress Cycle Factor: Y NG = 0.97 1.00 0.97 Fig. 9-22
Min. Face Width (2 x Axial Pitch): F min = 4.855 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NP = 0.91 1.00 0.91 Fig. 9-24
Enter: Face Width: F= 4.855 in Pitting Stress Cycle Factor: Z NG = 0.94 1.00 0.94 Fig. 9-24 Through Hardened
Enter: Elastic Coefficient: Cp = 2300 Table 9-10 Stress Analysis: Bending Grade 1 Steel
Enter: Quality Number: A v = 10 Table 9-3 Pinion: Required s at = 5,488 psi See Fig. 9-11 or HB -95 Fig. 9-11
REF: NP, NG = 20 100 Gear: Required s at = 4,581 psi Table 9-5 HB -106 Fig. 9-11
Enter: Bending Geometry Factors: Stress Analysis: Pitting
Pinion: J P = 0.500 Fig 10-5,6,7 Pinion: Required s ac = 68,602 psi See Fig. 9-12 or HB 123 Fig. 9-12
Gear: J G = 0.582 Fig 10-5,6,7 Gear: Required s ac = 66,109 psi Table 9-5 HB 115 Fig. 9-12
Enter: Pitting Geometry Factor: I = 0.221 Tab. 10-1,2 Specify materials, alloy and heat treatment, for most severe requirement.
REF: mG = 5.00 One possible material specification: Steel pinion and gear: Carburized, Grade 1
Axial Force: W x = 218 lb Pinion requires HRC 58 min.: SAE 4320 SOQT 450; HRC 59; Carburized
Radial Force: Wr = 306 lb Gear requires HRC 58 min.: SAE 4320 SOQT 450; HRC 59; Carburized

Computed stresses without modifying factors for reliability and life:


Computed bending stress no. = s t = 4,140 psi pinion
Computed bending stress no. = s t = 3,557 psi gear
Computed contact stress no. = s c = 0 psi pinion
Computed contact stress no. = s c = 0 psi gear