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2.A turbojet engine operating at a Mach number of 0.8 and the altitude is 10Km has the following data.

Calorific value of the fuel is 42,899 kJ/Kg. thrust force is 50 kN, mass flow rate of air is 45 kg/s,

mass flow rate of fuel is 2.65 kg/s. determine the specific thrust, thrust specific fuel consumption, jet

velocity, thermal efficiency, propulsion efficiency and overall efficiency. Assuming the exit pressure is

equal to ambient pressure.

3. Write the equations to calculate propulsion efficiency and thermal efficiency of an aircraft.

4.A turbojet aircraft flies at 875 Kmph at an attitude of 10,000 m above mean sea level. Calculate i) air

flow rate through the engine, ii) thrust, iii) specific thrust, iv) specific impulse v) thrust power and TSFC

from the following data: Diameter of the air at inlet section = 0.75m Diameter of jet pipe at exit = 0.5m

Velocity of the gases at the exit of the jet pipe = 500m/s Pressure at the exit of the jet pipe = 0.30 bar Air

to fuel ratio = 40

5.Explain the principle of operation of a turbojet engine and state its advantages and disadvantage.

6. A rocket engine has the following data. Combustion chamber pressure is 38 bar, combustion chamber

temperature is 3500 K, oxidizer flow rate is 41.67 Kg/s, mixture ratio is 5, and the properties of exhaust

gases are Cp/Cv = 1.3 and R = 0.287 kJ/KgK. The expansion takes place to the ambient pressure of 0.0582

bar. Calculate the nozzle throat area, thrust, thrust coefficient, exit velocity of the exhaust and

maximum possible exhaust velocity.

7. Explain briefly about the propellant feed system of a liquid propellant rocket engine with suitable

schematic sketches.

8. A rocket has the following data: propellant flow rate = 5 Kg/s, Nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm, Nozzle

exit pressure = 1.02 bar, Ambient pressure = 1.013 bar, Thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar, Thrust = 7 KN.

Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and the specific propellant

consumption. Recalculate the values of thrust and specific impulse for an altitude where the ambient

pressure is 10 m bar.

9. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a gas pressure feed system used in liquid propellant rocket

engines

10. The effective jet velocity from a rocket is 2700 m/s. The forwared flight velocity is 1350 m/s and the

propellant consumption is 78.6 kg/s. Calculate: thrust, Thrust power and propulsion efficiency.

11. A long pipe of 0.0254 m diameter has a mean coefficient of friction of 0.003. Air enters the pipe at a

mach number of 2.5, stagnation temperature 310 K and static pressure 0.507 bar. Determine for a

section at which the mach number reaches 1.2: i) Static pressure and temperature, ii) Stagnation

pressure and temperature, iii) Velocity of air, iv) Distance of this section from the inlet and v) mass flow

rate of air.

12. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a gas pressure feed system used in liquid propellant rocket

engines.

13.A turbojet propels an aircraft at a speed of 900 km/hr, while taking 3000 kg of air per minute. The

isentropic enthalpy drop in the nozzle is 200 kJ/kg and the nozzle efficiency is 90%.The air-fuel ratio is 85

and the combustion efficiency is 95%. The calorific value of the fuel is 42,000 kJ/Kg. Calculate: i) The

propulsion power, ii) Thrust power, iii) Thermal efficiency and iv) Propulsion efficiency.

14. Explain with a neat sketch the principle of operation of a ramjet engine and state its advantages and

disadvantages.

15. The diameter of the propeller of an aircraft is 2.5m; it flies at a speed of 500 km/hr at an altitude of

8000 m. For a flight to jet speed ratio of 0.75, determine: the flow rate of air through the propeller,

thrust produced, specific thrust, specific impulse and thrust power.

16. Explain with a neat sketch the principle of operation of a turbojet engine and state its advantages

and disadvantages.

18. The effective jet velocity from a rocket is 2700 m/s. The forward flight velocity is 1350 m/s and the

propellant consumption is 78.6 kg/s. calculate: Thrust, Thrust power and Propulsive efficiency

19. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a turbo pump feed system used in liquid propellant rocket.

20. A rocket has the following data: propellant flow rate 5.0 kg/s, nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm; nozzle

exit pressure = 1.02 bar; ambient pressure = 1.013 bar; thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar; thrust = 7 kN.

Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and the specific propellant

consumption.

21. Calculate the thrust, specific impulse propulsive efficiency, thermal and overall efficiencies of a

rocket engine from the following data: Effective jet velocity = 1250 m/s Flight to jet speed ratio = 0.8

Oxidizer flow rate = 3.5 kg/s Fuel flow rate = 1 kg/s Heat of reaction of exhaust gases = 2500 kJ/kg.

22. A rocket nozzle has an exit area ratio 3:1 with isentropic expansion. What will be the thrust per unit

area of exit and specific impulse if the combustion chamber temperature is 2973 K and pressure is 20

bar. Assume atm. pressure is 1 bar and R=0.287kJ/kg K and γ =1.3.

23. A turbo jet engine propels an aircraft at a Mach number of 0.8 in level flight at an altitude of 10 km

The data for the engine is given below: Stagnation temperature at the turbine inlet =1200 K Stagnation

temperature rise through the compressor = 175 K Calorific value of the fuel = 43 MJ/Kg

Compressor efficiency = 0.75 Combustion chamber efficiency = 0.975 Turbine efficiency =0.81

Mechanical efficiency of the power transmission between turbine and compressor =0.98

Exhaust nozzle efficiency =0.97 Specific impulse =25 seconds

24. Calculate the orbital and escape velocities of a rocket at mean sea level and an altitude of 300 km

from the following data: Radius of earth at mean sea level = 6341.6Km Acceleration due to gravity at

mean sea level = 9.809 m/s²

25. Explain the principle of operation of a turbojet engine and state its advantages and disadvantages.

26. Explain the working principle of turbofan engine and turbojet engine with a neat sketch.

27. A turbojet engine, flying at an altitude, receives air at 0.6 bar and 255K and it is compressed

through a compression ratio of 8, with an isentropic efficiency of 80%. Fuel with heating value of 40

MJ/kg is used to raise the temperature to 1200 K before entering the turbine with isentropic

efficiency of 95%. The mechanical transmission efficiency is 97%. A convergent nozzle with an exit

area of 0.5 m2 is used to produce a gas jet. Determine the jet velocity, thrust, and specific fuel

consumption.

28. An aircraft flies at 90 Km/hr. One of its turbojet engines takes in 40 kg/s of air and expands the

gases to the ambient pressure .The air –fuel ratio is 50 and the lower calorific value of the fuel is 43

MJ/Kg. For maximum thrust power, determine: (a)jet velocity (b) thrust (c) specific thrust (d) thrust

power (e) propulsive, thermal and overall efficiencies and (f) TSFC

29. An aircraft propeller flies at a speed of 440 Km/hr. The diameter of the propeller is 4.1 m and the

speed ratio is 0.8. The ambient conditions of air at the flight altitude are T = 255K and P = 0.55 bar.

Find the following: i) Thrust ii) Thrust Power iii) Propulsive efficiency.

30. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a gas pressure feed system used in liquid Propellant

rocket engines.

31. Draw the sketch of a pulse jet engine. Write down its main advantages and disadvantages.

32. Calculate the thrust, specific impulse propulsive efficiency, thermal and overall efficiencies of a

rocket engine from the following data:

Effective jet velocity = 1250 m/s

Flight to jet speed ratio = 0.8

Oxidizer flow rate = 3.5 kg/s

Fuel flow rate = 1 kg/s

Heat of reaction of = 2500 kJ/kg.

exhaust gases

33. What are the advantages and disadvantages of liquid propellants compared to solid Propellants?

34. A rocket has the following data: propellant flow rate 5.0 kg/s, nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm;

nozzle exit pressure = 1.02 bar; ambient pressure = 1.013 bar; thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar;

thrust = 7 kN. Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and

the specific propellant consumption.

35. Why the composite materials are used in aircraft. Explain in detail.

36. What are the aircraft structural components made of composite materials?

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