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Propiedades del tubo de

Acero.

Sistema métrico.
d = Diámetro nominal.
N = Número de cédula.
Dex = Diámetro exterior en milímetros.
Din = Diámetro interior en milímetros.
e = Espesor de pared en milímetros.
P/L = Peso del tubo por unidad de longitud en Kg/m.
d
N Dex Din e P/L
mm pulg
40 6.83 1.73 0.37
3 0.125 10.29
80 5.46 2.41 0.47
40 9.25 2.24 0.63
6 0.25 13.72
80 7.67 3.02 0.8
40 12.57 3.26 0.85
10 0.375 17.1
80 7.67 3.2 1.1
40 15.8 2.77 1.27
13 0.5 80 21.3 13.87 3.73 1.62
160 11.84 4.75 1.95
40 20.93 2.87 1.68
19 0.75 80 26.7 18.85 3.91 2.21
160 15.6 5.54 2.89
40 26.65 3.38 2.5
25 1 80 33.4 24.31 4.55 3.23
160 20.7 6.35 4.25
40 36.05 3.56 3.4
32 1.25 80 42.2 32.46 4.85 4.47
160 29.46 6.35 5.62
40 40.89 3.68 4.05
38 1.5 80 48.3 38.1 5.08 5.42
160 33.99 7.14 7.24
40 52.5 3.91 5.45
51 2 80 60.3 49.25 5.54 7.5
160 42.9 8.71 11.1
40 62.71 5.16 8.64
64 2.5 80 73 59 7.01 11.43
160 53.98 9.53 14.9
40 77.93 5.49 11.29
76 3 80 88.9 73.66 7.62 15.35
160 66.7 11.1 21.31
40 92.12 5.74 13.57
89 3.5 101.6
80 85.45 8.08 18.63
40 102.3 6.02 16.09
102 4 80 114.3 97.1 8.56 22.35
160 87.33 13.49 33.67
40 128.19 6.65 21.9
127 5 80 141.3 122.25 9.53 30.99
160 109.55 15.9 49.17
d
N Dex Din e P/L
mm pulg
40 154.05 7.11 28.31
152 6 80 168.3 146.33 11 42.16
160 131.8 18.24 67.5
40 202.72 8.18 42.6
60 198.45 10.31 53.2
80 193.67 12.7 64.7
203 8 100 219.1 188.95 15.06 75.8
120 182.6 18.24 90.4
140 177.82 20.62 101
160 173.05 23.01 111.3
40 254.51 9.27 60.3
60 247.65 12.7 81.6
250 10 273
80 242.88 15.06 96
160 215.9 28.53 172.8
20 311.15 6.35 49.8
30 307.09 8.38 65.3
305 12 323.8
60 295.53 14.27 109.1
160 257.2 33.32 239.9
10 342.9 6.35 54.8
20 339.75 7.92 68.1
356 14 355.6
30 336.55 9.52 81.3
40 333.4 11.1 94.3
10 393.7 6.35 62.7
406 16 30 404 387.35 9.52 93.3
40 381 12.7 123.4
10 444.5 6.35 70.6
457 18 30 475.2 435 11.1 122.2
40 428.65 14.27 156.4
10 495.3 6.35 68.7
508 20 20 508 488.88 9.52 117.1
30 482.6 12.7 156.4
10 596.9 6.35 94.6
610 24 20 609.6 590.55 9.52 141.1
30 581.05 14.27 210.1
10 746.15 7.92 147.5
762 30 20 762 736.6 12.7 235.4
30 730.25 15.87 293.5
Propiedades del tubo de
Acero.

Sistema inglés.
d = Diámetro nominal.
N = Número de cédula.
Dex = Diámetro exterior en pulgadas.
Din = Diámetro interior en pulgadas.
e = Espesor de pared en pulgadas.
P/L = Peso del tubo por unidad de longitud en lb/pie.
d
N Dex Din e P/L
mm pulg
40 0.269 0.068 0.24
3 0.125 0.405
80 0.215 0.095 0.31
40 0.364 0.088 0.42
6 0.25 0.54
80 0.302 0.119 0.54
40 0.493 0.091 0.57
10 0.375 0.675
80 0.423 0.126 0.74
40 0.622 0.109 0.85
13 0.5 80 0.84 0.556 0.147 1.09
160 0.466 0.187 1.31
40 0.824 0.113 1.13
19 0.75 80 1.05 0.742 0.154 1.48
160 0.614 0.218 1.94
40 1.049 0.133 1.68
25 1 80 1.315 0.957 0.179 2.17
160 0.815 0.25 2.85
40 1.38 0.14 2.28
32 1.25 80 1.66 1.278 0.191 3
160 1.16 0.25 3.77
40 1.61 0.145 2.72
38 1.5 80 1.9 1.5 0.2 3.64
160 1.338 0.281 4.86
40 2.067 0.154 3.66
51 2 80 2.375 1.939 0.218 5.03
160 1.689 0.343 7.45
40 2.469 0.203 5.8
64 2.5 80 2.875 2.323 0.276 7.67
160 2.125 0.375 10
40 3.068 0.216 7.58
76 3 80 3.5 2.9 0.3 10.3
160 2.626 0.437 14.3
40 3.54 0.226 9.11
89 3.5 4
80 3.364 0.318 12.5
40 4.026 0.237 10.8
102 4 80 4.5 3.826 0.337 15
160 3.438 0.531 22.6
40 5.047 0.258 14.7
127 5 80 5.563 4.813 0.375 20.8
160 4.313 0.625 33
d
N Dex Din e P/L
mm pulg
40 6.065 0.28 19
152 6 80 6.625 5.761 0.432 28.6
160 5.189 0.718 45.3
40 7.981 0.322 28.6
60 7.813 0.406 35.7
80 7.625 0.5 43.4
203 8 100 8.625 7.439 0.593 50.9
120 7.189 0.718 60.7
140 7.001 0.812 67.8
160 6.813 0.906 74.7
40 10.02 0.365 40.5
60 9.75 0.5 54.8
250 10 10.75
80 9.564 0.593 64.4
160 8.5 0.125 115.8
20 12.25 0.25 33.4
30 12.09 0.375 43.8
305 12 12.75
60 11.631 0.5 73.1
160 10.126 0.312 160.8
10 13.5 0.25 36.8
20 13.376 0.312 45.7
356 14 14
30 13.25 0.375 54.6
40 13 0.5 63.3
10 15.5 0.25 42.1
406 16 30 16 15.25 0.375 62.6
40 15 0.5 82.86
10 17.5 0.25 47.4
457 18 30 18 17.25 0.375 82
40 17 0.5 105
10 19.5 0.25 52.8
508 20 20 20 19.25 0.375 78.6
30 19 0.5 105
10 23.5 0.25 63.5
610 24 20 24 23.25 0.375 94.7
30 23 0.5 141
10 29.25 0.375 99
762 30 20 30 29 0.5 158
30 28.75 0.625 197
Factor de fricción para
tubo de acero y tubo liso.
Tubo liso Tubo acero Nre Tubo liso Tubo acero
Nre
f f f f
2000 0.012397 0.014343 16000 0.007044 0.008027
2200 0.012049 0.013918 18000 0.006835 0.007809
2400 0.011757 0.013544 20000 0.006655 0.007622
2600 0.011495 0.013212 22000 0.006497 0.00746
2800 0.011258 0.012914 24000 0.006357 0.007318
3000 0.011043 0.012645 26000 0.006231 0.007192
3200 0.010846 0.012401 28000 0.006118 0.007079
3400 0.010664 0.012177 30000 0.006015 0.006977
3600 0.010496 0.011971 32000 0.005921 0.006884
3800 0.01034 0.011781 34000 0.005834 0.006799
4000 0.010195 0.011604 36000 0.005754 0.00672
4200 0.010059 0.01144 38000 0.005679 0.006648
4400 0.009931 0.011286 40000 0.005609 0.006581
4600 0.00981 0.011142 42000 0.005544 0.006518
4800 0.009696 0.011007 44000 0.005483 0.00646
5000 0.009589 0.010879 46000 0.005425 0.006405
5200 0.009487 0.010759 48000 0.005371 0.006354
5400 0.009389 0.010644 50000 0.005319 0.006305
5600 0.009297 0.010536 52000 0.00527 0.006259
5800 0.009209 0.010433 54000 0.005224 0.006216
6000 0.009125 0.010335 56000 0.005179 0.006175
6200 0.009044 0.010242 58000 0.005137 0.006136
6400 0.008967 0.010152 60000 0.005097 0.006098
6600 0.008893 0.010067 62000 0.005058 0.006063
6800 0.008821 0.009985 64000 0.005021 0.006029
7000 0.008753 0.009907 66000 0.004986 0.005996
7200 0.008687 0.009831 68000 0.004952 0.005965
7400 0.008623 0.009759 70000 0.004919 0.005935
7600 0.008562 0.009689 72000 0.004887 0.005907
7800 0.008502 0.009622 74000 0.004857 0.005879
8000 0.008445 0.009557 76000 0.004828 0.005853
8200 0.00839 0.009495 78000 0.004799 0.005827
8400 0.008336 0.009434 80000 0.004772 0.005803
8600 0.008284 0.009376 82000 0.004745 0.005779
8800 0.008234 0.009319 84000 0.00472 0.005756
9000 0.008185 0.009265 86000 0.004695 0.005734
9200 0.008137 0.009212 88000 0.00467 0.005712
9400 0.008091 0.00916 90000 0.004647 0.005691
9600 0.008046 0.009111 92000 0.004624 0.005671
9800 0.008002 0.009062 94000 0.004602 0.005652
10000 0.00796 0.009015 96000 0.004581 0.005633
12000 0.007588 0.008609 98000 0.00456 0.005614
14000 0.00729 0.008288 100000 0.004539 0.005597
Tubo liso Tubo de acero Tubo liso Tubo de acero
Nre Nre
f f f f
120000 0.004361 0.005442 980000 0.002912 0.004304
140000 0.004219 0.00532 1000000 0.002902 0.004297
160000 0.004101 0.005221 1200000 0.002817 0.004238
180000 0.004001 0.005138 1400000 0.002749 0.004192
200000 0.003915 0.005067 1600000 0.002692 0.004154
220000 0.003839 0.005005 1800000 0.002645 0.004122
240000 0.003772 0.004951 2000000 0.002603 0.004095
260000 0.003712 0.004903 2200000 0.002567 0.004072
280000 0.003658 0.00486 2400000 0.002535 0.004051
300000 0.003609 0.004821 2600000 0.002506 0.004033
320000 0.003564 0.004786 2800000 0.00248 0.004017
340000 0.003522 0.004754 3000000 0.002457 0.004002
360000 0.003483 0.004724 3200000 0.002435 0.003989
380000 0.003448 0.004697 3400000 0.002415 0.003976
400000 0.003414 0.004671 3600000 0.002397 0.003965
420000 0.003383 0.004647 3800000 0.00238 0.003955
440000 0.003354 0.004625 4000000 0.002364 0.003945
460000 0.003326 0.004604 4200001 0.002349 0.003936
480000 0.0033 0.004585 4400001 0.002335 0.003927
500000 0.003276 0.004566 4600001 0.002322 0.003919
520000 0.003252 0.004549 4800001 0.002309 0.003912
540000 0.00323 0.004532 5000001 0.002297 0.003905
560000 0.003209 0.004517 5200001 0.002286 0.003898
580000 0.003189 0.004502 5400001 0.002276 0.003892
600000 0.003169 0.004488 5600001 0.002265 0.003886
620000 0.003151 0.004474 5800001 0.002256 0.003881
640000 0.003133 0.004461 6000001 0.002247 0.003875
660000 0.003116 0.004449 6200001 0.002238 0.00387
680000 0.0031 0.004437 6400001 0.002229 0.003865
700000 0.003084 0.004426 6600001 0.002221 0.00386
720000 0.003069 0.004415 6800001 0.002213 0.003856
740000 0.003054 0.004404
760000 0.00304 0.004394
780000 0.003027 0.004384
800000 0.003014 0.004375
820000 0.003001 0.004366
840000 0.002989 0.004357
860000 0.002977 0.004349
880000 0.002965 0.004341
900000 0.002954 0.004333
920000 0.002943 0.004325
940000 0.002932 0.004318
960000 0.002922 0.004311
Factor Re √f contra f, para
tubo de acero y tubo liso.
Régimen laminar.

Re √f f Re √f f
50 0.1024 124 0.0166
52 0.0947 126 0.0161
54 0.0878 128 0.0156
56 0.0816 130 0.0151
58 0.0761 132 0.0147
60 0.0711 134 0.0143
62 0.0666 136 0.0138
64 0.0625 138 0.0134
66 0.0588 140 0.0131
68 0.0554 142 0.0127
70 0.0522 144 0.0123
72 0.0494 146 0.012
74 0.0467 148 0.0117
76 0.0443 150 0.0114
78 0.0421 152 0.0111
80 0.04 154 0.0108
82 0.0381 156 0.0105
84 0.0363 158 0.0103
86 0.0346 160 0.01
88 0.0331 162 0.0098
90 0.0316 164 0.0095
92 0.0302 166 0.0093
94 0.029 168 0.0091
96 0.0278 170 0.0089
98 0.0267 172 0.0087
100 0.0256 174 0.0085
102 0.0246 176 0.0083
104 0.0237 178 0.0081
106 0.0228 180 0.0079
108 0.0219 182 0.0077
110 0.0212 184 0.0076
112 0.0204 186 0.0074
114 0.0197 188 0.0072
116 0.019 190 0.0071
118 0.0184 192 0.0069
120 0.0178 194 0.0068
122 0.0172 196 0.0067
198 0.0066
Régimen turbulento.

Re √f tubo liso f tubo acero f Re √f tubo liso f tubo acero f


200 0.01282 0.01536 960 0.00778 0.00898
220 0.01242 0.01481 980 0.00773 0.00893
240 0.01207 0.01433 1000 0.00769 0.00888
260 0.01176 0.01391 1200 0.00769 0.00843
280 0.01148 0.01353 1400 0.00695 0.00808
300 0.01122 0.0132 1600 0.0067 0.00779
320 0.01099 0.01289 1800 0.00647 0.00756
340 0.01077 0.01261 2000 0.00627 0.00736
360 0.01058 0.01263 2200 0.00611 0.00719
380 0.0104 0.01211 2400 0.00596 0.00705
400 0.01023 0.01191 2600 0.00583 0.00692
420 0.01007 0.01171 2800 0.00571 0.0068
440 0.00992 0.01152 3000 0.00561 0.0067
460 0.00978 0.01135 3200 0.00551 0.0066
480 0.00965 0.01119 3400 0.00542 0.00652
500 0.00952 0.01103 3600 0.00534 0.00643
520 0.00941 0.01089 3800 0.00526 0.00636
540 0.0093 0.01075 4000 0.00519 0.00629
560 0.00919 0.01063 4200 0.00512 0.00623
580 0.00909 0.01051 4400 0.00506 0.00618
600 0.00899 0.01039 4600 0.005 0.00612
620 0.0089 0.01028 4800 0.00495 0.00607
640 0.00881 0.01018 5000 0.0049 0.00602
660 0.00873 0.01008 5200 0.00485 0.00598
680 0.00865 0.00998 5400 0.0048 0.00593
700 0.00857 0.00989 5600 0.00476 0.00589
720 0.0085 0.0098 5800 0.00471 0.00586
740 0.00843 0.00972 6000 0.00468 0.00582
760 0.00835 0.00964 6200 0.00464 0.00578
780 0.00829 0.00957 6400 0.0046 0.00575
800 0.00823 0.00949 6600 0.00456 0.00572
820 0.00817 0.00942 6800 0.00453 0.00569
840 0.0081 0.00935 7000 0.0045 0.00566
860 0.00805 0.00929 7200 0.00446 0.00563
880 0.00799 0.00922 7400 0.00447 0.00561
900 0.00794 0.00916 7600 0.00441 0.00558
920 0.00788 0.0091 7800 0.00438 0.00556
940 0.00783 0.00904 8000 0.00435 0.00553
Re √f tubo liso f tubo acero f Re √f tubo liso f tubo acero f
8200 0.00443 0.00551 68000 0.00279 0.00428
8400 0.0043 0.00549 70000 0.00277 0.00428
8600 0.00428 0.00547 72000 0.00276 0.00427
8800 0.00425 0.00545 74000 0.00275 0.00426
9000 0.00435 0.00543 76000 0.00273 0.00425
9200 0.00421 0.00541 78000 0.00272 0.00424
9400 0.00418 0.00539 80000 0.00271 0.00423
9600 0.00416 0.00537 82000 0.0027 0.00422
9800 0.00414 0.00535 84000 0.00269 0.00422
10000 0.00412 0.00533 86000 0.00268 0.00421
12000 0.00395 0.00519 88000 0.00267 0.0042
14000 0.00382 0.00508 90000 0.00266 0.00419
16000 0.0037 0.00499 92000 0.00265 0.00419
18000 0.00361 0.00491 94000 0.00264 0.00418
20000 0.00353 0.00485 96000 0.00263 0.00417
22000 0.00346 0.00479 98000 0.00262 0.00417
24000 0.0034 0.00474 100000 0.00261 0.00416
26000 0.00334 0.0047 120000 0.00254 0.00411
28000 0.00329 0.00466 140000 0.00248 0.00407
30000 0.00324 0.00463 160000 0.00243 0.00404
32000 0.0032 0.0046 180000 0.00239 0.00401
34000 0.00317 0.00456 200000 0.00235 0.00399
36000 0.00313 0.00453 220000 0.00233 0.00397
38000 0.0031 0.00451 240000 0.0023 0.00395
40000 0.00307 0.00449 260000 0.00227 0.00394
42000 0.00304 0.00447 280000 0.00225 0.00392
44000 0.00301 0.00445 300000 0.00223 0.00391
46000 0.00298 0.00443 320000 0.00221 0.0039
48000 0.00296 0.00441 340000 0.0022 0.00389
50000 0.00294 0.0044 360000 0.00218 0.00388
52000 0.00292 0.00439 380000 0.00217 0.00387
54000 0.0029 0.00437 400000 0.00215 0.00386
56000 0.00288 0.00435 420000 0.00214 0.00386
58000 0.00286 0.00434 440000 0.00213 0.00385
60000 0.00285 0.00433 460000 0.00212 0.00385
62000 0.00283 0.00432 480000 0.00211 0.00384
64000 0.00281 0.00431 500000 0.0021 0.00383
66000 0.0028 0.00429
Rugosidad relativa (ε/D)
del tubo de acero.
d = diámetro nominal.
N = número de cedula.
ε/D = Rugosida relative.
ε = rugosidad del tubo aproximadamente 0.0045 cm

d d
N ε/D N ε/D
mm pulg mm pulg
40 0.005 40 0.0003
6 0.25
80 0.006 152 6 80 0.0003
40 0.004 160 0.0003
10 0.375
80 0.004 40 0.0002
40 0.003 60 0.0002
13 0.5 80 0.003 80 0.0002
160 0.004 203 8 100 0.0002
40 0.002 120 0.0002
19 0.75 80 0.002 140 0.0003
160 0.002 160 0.0003
40 0.002 40 0.0002
25 1 80 0.002 60 0.0002
250 10
160 0.002 80 0.0002
40 0.001 160 0.0002
32 1.25 80 0.001 20 0.0001
160 0.001 30 0.0001
305 12
40 0.001 60 0.0001
38 1.5 80 0.001 160 0.0002
160 0.001 10 0.0001
40 0.001 20 0.0001
356 14
51 2 80 0.001 30 0.0001
160 0.001 40 0.0001
40 0.001 10 0.0001
64 2.5 80 0.001 406 16 30 0.0001
160 0.001 40 0.0001
40 0.0006 10 0.0001
76 3 80 0.0006 508 20 20 0.0001
160 0.0007 30 0.0001
40 0.0005 10 0.0001
89 3.5
80 0.0005 610 24 20 0.0001
40 0.0004 30 0.0001
102 4 80 0.0005 10 0.0001
160 0.0005 762 30 20 0.0001
40 0.0004 30 0.0001
127 5 80 0.0004
160 0.0004

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