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EXPLORATION OF MINERALS

The exploration usually starts by looking for interesting exploration zones and by the sampling
in geological areas that seem to have an interesting mineral potential.

The searches are conducted in order to discover base metals and precious metals. The areas of
interest are staked by the exploration company whether by an interactive map or by agreements
with prospectors in the area. Before starting work on the ground, it is essential to make an
application for a permit to the government agencies in order to comply with regulations.

Moreover, according to the location of the studied area on public or private land, permits and
agreements are required to ensure compliance with surrounding communities.

A personal experience, there was an occasion in which I traveled to Hualgayoc for the first time.
The purpose of the trip was to look for minerals to collect. We made the trip with 2 friends. We
had to walk through the hills Upon reaching the area, we find minerals such as pyrite,
chalcopyrite, covellite, quartz, hematite, etc. But when we tried to return, we did not remember
the way back and the fog obscured the view After walking for half an hour, we managed to find
a way back. Certainly, it was not a pleasant experience the first time, but with the passage of
time we began to gain experience in the search for minerals.

These are some of the minerals in my collection that I have managed to find over time

This mineral is quartz


This mineral is covelite

This mineral is galena


This mineral is native copper
THE DISCOVERY OF A MINERALIZED SHOWING

The discovery of a mineralized showing occurs when we concretely find a value item. It is at this
phase that we decide to perform more advanced exploration work whether for detailed
geophysical surveys or for digging of trenches. Sampling is more systematic than exploration and
the objective is to identify continuity and consistency in analysis values

ADVANCED EXPLORATION

At this phase, we can now call a mineralized deposit. The exploration in surface is becoming
increasingly significant and it is at this level that we have to thoroughly test, the discovered
deposit with the help of drill. Wood cutting works begin whether for the building of new roads,
the stripping of the mineralized zones or the preparation of drilling sites. So, the drilling of
trenching turns into stripping on the prime sectors where we must remove all the part of the
top (soil and organic matter). Following this work, the teams adequately clean the rock in order
to take systematic samples using the grooving saw and to perform a geological detailed
mapping.

PLANNING AND RESOURCE EXPLOITATION

Finally, it is at this step that permits, leases and licenses are needed and that the project can be
submitted to an environmental assessment with public authorities. A small quantity of mineral
deposits discovered becomes exploited mines in the world. The prefeasibility and feasibility
studies on the future exploitation can take up to 10-15 years for the mine to develop. The
projects rarely reach this course of development.