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Third Conditional

A Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets.


had known (know) the answer, I ......................................
1 If I .......................... would have told (tell) you.
2 If we ...................................... (not pollute) the air during the last 50 years, we
...................................... (not have to) ban cars from the city centre.
3 If Jim ...................................... (wear) a helmet, he ...................................... (not hurt) himself so badly.
4 The accident ...................................... (not happen) if they ...................................... (take) my advice.
5 If Janet ...................................... (not take care) of the bird, it ...................................... (die).

B Complete the sentences. Use the Third Conditional.

1 We lost the competition because we left early.


If we hadn’t left early, we would have won / wouldn’t have lost the competition.
...............................................................................................................................................................
2 He went too fast on his motorbike and had an accident.
...............................................................................................................................................................
3 She ate the pasta and felt ill.
...............................................................................................................................................................
4 We didn’t do our homework and had to stay late at school.
...............................................................................................................................................................
5 I stayed at home yesterday and missed the party.
...............................................................................................................................................................
6 I failed my exam because I didn’t study for it.
...............................................................................................................................................................

C Choose the sentence which is nearest in meaning to the original.

1 Fran would have done better at French if she had worked harder.
a Fran failed at French.
b Fran usually works hard at French.
c More effort would have improved Fran’s French.
2 If the plane hadn’t been delayed by bad weather, we wouldn’t have been late.
a The weather made us late.
b The bad weather did not interfere with the plane’s arrival.
c We were not late although the weather was bad.
3 Mary would have passed the exam even if I hadn’t helped her.
a Mary failed because no one helped her.
b Without my help, Mary would not have passed.
c Mary didn’t really need any help at all.

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Third Conditional – Answers
A 1 had known, would have told
2 hadn’t polluted, wouldn’t have had to
3 had worn, wouldn’t have hurt
4 wouldn’t have happened, had taken
5 hadn’t taken care, would have died

B 1 If we hadn’t left early, we would have won / wouldn’t have lost the competition.
2 If he hadn’t gone too fast on his motorbike, he wouldn’t have had an accident.
3 If she hadn’t eaten the pasta, she wouldn’t have felt ill.
4 If we had done our homework, we wouldn’t have had to stay late at school.
5 If I hadn’t stayed at home yesterday, I wouldn’t have missed the party.
6 If I had studied for my exam, I wouldn’t have failed it.

C 1 c 2 a 3 c

Photocopiable © B Burlington Books 2