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Basin-centered gas accumulations (BCGAs) are typically characterized by regionally pervasive

accumulations that are gas saturated, abnormally pressured, commonly lack a downdip water
contact, and have low-permeability reservoirs. The accumulations range from single, isolated
reservoirs a few feet thick to multiple, stacked reservoirs several thousand feet thick.

Basin-centered gas systems (BCGSs) are potentially one of the more economically important
unconventional gas systems in the world; in the United States they contribute as much as 15% of
the total annual gas production. These regionally pervasive gas accumulations are different from
conventionally trapped accumulations in several respects. Two types of BCGSs are recognized; a
direct type, characterized by having gas-prone source rocks, and an indirect type, characterized
by having liquid-prone source rocks. During the burial and thermal histories of these systems, the
source rock differences between the two types of BCGSs result in strikingly different
characteristics that impact exploration strategies. The majority of known BCGAs are the direct
type.

Exploration activity for BCGAs is in the early stages and thus far has been focused in North
America. In other parts of the world, concepts of basin-centered gas systems are poorly known,
and exploration activity focused on basin-centered gas accumulations is minimal.

The global distribution of gas is not uniform. Some regions, like Russia and the Middle East,
have extremely large gas resources to meet their energy demands, whereas other regions, like
Japan and Western Europe, have limited amounts of gas and must rely on importing gas to meet
their energy demands.[1] The increasing demand for energy in many parts of the world has made
it imperative to explore for and exploit unconventional oil and gas resources, such as the
BCGAs.

The BCGAs constitute a realistic, near-term energy resource that has only recently been the
focus of exploration. However, with few exceptions, there is a generally poor understanding of
BCGAs. Consequently, exploration efforts for this huge gas resource are not as effective as they
might be. To develop more effective exploration strategies for BCGAs, it is necessary to modify
traditional concepts of petroleum systems and include concepts of nontraditional, unconventional
petroleum systems.

Basin-centered gas systems