DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN

OF PUSKESMAS’ WATSAN
FACILITIES
PHASE I (4 UNITS)

DECEMBER 2005
This publication was produced by Development Alternatives, Inc. for the United States Agency
ENVIRONMENTAL
SERVICES
PROGRAM
WWW.ESP.OR.ID
for International
Development
under
Contract
No. 497-M-00-05-00005-00

Illustration credit: Ridwan Habibie, ESP Banda Aceh/NAD.
A drawing draft of the sanitation system in local puskesmas.

Date of publication: December 2005. Higher Quality Basic Human Services Utilized (BHS). Contract number: 497-M-00-05-00005-00. . activity. USAID/Indonesia. or project number: Strategic objective number: Sponsoring USAID office and contract number: Detailed Engineering Design of Puskesmas’ Watsan Facilities Phase I (4 Units) Environmental Services Program. 2. Contractor name: DAI. DAI Project Number: 5300201.DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN OF PUSKESMAS’ WATSAN FACILITIES PHASE I (4 UNITS) Title: Program. SO No.

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............ B.......................................................................................... 4 5........4 ON SITE DRAINAGE SYSTEM ....................................3 Leach Field..............................................................................................................................................3 Septic Tank....................................................................................................................................1................. KRITERIA DISAIN ................................3 Sumur pengumpul.............................................. 3..................................................................................2 Reservoir..................1.................................................. LAMPIRAN ............................ 3..................................... SKEMA SISTEM.............. A.......... 1 3..........................3 Waste water pipe............................4 PERSAMPAHAN ............................................................. 1 3..... D.......1 Water Consumptions.......................................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................ 1 2....... D........................................................................................................................... C.................. 5 5......................... C........................................ A........................................................................................................................................................................... 3.....2 Sistem Perpompaan...................................... 3..........................................3............................2 Reservoir................ A....4......3 Waste water pipe........................................................................................................................................................................2..............................................................................1 Konsumsi Air ........................................................................... LOCATION.............................3 SISTEM SANITASI ............... E..........................................................................................4 SOLID WASTE SYSTEM...........................................................................................................4 NEEDS OF WATSAN FACILITIES ...........................................................................................................4 4................................................................................. 1 3.........................................................................................................................................................................5 6. SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH .................................. C.................. 6 (ENGLISH) 1.. B.............................. DESIGN CRITERIA ....... B...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Tangki septik..............................................................2......................................................................................... SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH ................. 1 3.......................................................................................................... WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS ................................................. 5......................................................................................................... LINGKUP PEKERJAAN.....................................2 Water supply pipe................................................. 4 .2 Pipa air bersih......................... 4.................................................................4................................................................... C.......................... A............................... E...............5 SISTEM SANITASI ...............................................................4 DRAINASE LINGKUNGAN ....................................................................................................................................................................... SCOPE OF WORK......................................................................................................... B....................................................................................................... 1 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ LOKASI ...........................................................................................................1 Source of water ...........................................................3 Bidang resapan ..........................................2 Pumping Systems................................................................... BIAYA KONSTRUKSI ..........................................................................3 Collecting well .....................................................................DAFTAR ISI TABLE OF CONTENTS (BAHASA INDONESIA) 1...............................................2................................................1.............. D...............................................................................................................................................................................1 Sumber Air...................... 3...................................................... 5 7..3.........................................................................................3 SANITATION SYSTEMS ........ D...................................................................................................... KEBUTUHAN FASILITAS WATSAN .......

. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS ..............................................................................................DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES 5........................................................................... 6 II ...1................. SYSTEMS DRAWING ....................... CONSTRUCTION BUDGET ......................................................5 SANITATION SYSTEMS ....2.................................................................... 5... 5 7..................................................................5 6........................................................................................... 5 5................................................. ATTACHMENTS...................................

Kecamatan Lhoknga. KRITERIA DISAIN 3. SCOPE OF WORK Penyusunan DED fasilitas WATSAN di 4 Puskesmas (Tahap I). Kabupaten Aceh Besar 3. sumur pengumpul. Polindes Lamateuk. Sanitation systems : Septic tank. Kota Banda Aceh 1. SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH 3. leach field. Kecamatan Lhoknga. Kota Banda Aceh 3. termasuk perpipaan air kotor 3. KONSUMSI AIR • • Perkiraan konsumsi air untuk Puskesmas adalah 30 L/karyawan/hari. including waste water collecting pipe 3. DESIGN CRITERIA 3. Average water consumption equals to daily water consumption plus water losses. Drainase lingkungan 4. Sampah domestic dan sampah medik : Bak sampah dan tempat sampah Preparation DED of WATSAN facilities for 4 units of Puskesmas should include: 1. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 4. Kecamatan Banda Raya. Kecamatan Banda Raya. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 2. Polindes Nusa. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 2. LOKASI 2. On site drainage 4. Puskesmas Mibo. while inpatients would require as much as 30 L/bed/day equals to daily water consumption plus water losses. konsumsi air ditambahkan dengan 30 L/bed/hari Kebutuhan air rata-rata adalah kebutuhan air harian ditambah dengan kehilangan air A. Polindes Lamgaboh. Puskesmas Mibo. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 4. Sistim Sanitasi : tangki septik. Sistem Penyediaan Air Bersih : Sumber air baku (PDAM atau sumur bor). meliputi : 1. Kecamatan Lhoknga. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 3. LINGKUP PEKERJAAN 1. Kecamatan Lhoknga. ground reservoir/roof tank. Kecamatan Lhoknga. Untuk Puskesmas yang melayani rawat inap. Medical and solid waste facilities: Big trash bins & small dust bins.DED FASILITAS WATSAN PUSKESMAS TAHAP I (4 UNIT) DED OF WATSAN FACILITIES AT PUSKESMAS PHASE I (4 UNITS) 1.1. pipa d an pompa. Polindes Lamgaboh. collecting well. Kecamatan Lhoknga. LOCATION 1. pipe and pumping system. ground reservoir/roof tank. WATER CONSUMPTIONS • • Water consumption at the Puskesmas is estimated at 30 L/staff/day. 2. 2. 2. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS A. bidang resapan. Water supply systems: Sources of water (PDAM or bored well).1. Polindes Lamateuk. Polindes Nusa. .

Tower construction is made of a series of L-steel 5 x 5 cm.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES • • • B.OR.75 x kebutuhan harian rata-rata • • • • The reservoir must contain a certain amount of water as a reserve to fluctuating daily consumption of wate. SUMBER AIR • • • • • • • • Water losses equals to water loss at distribution pipe plus water loss at water supply maintenance system (10 % of daily water consumptions). bila tidak memungkinkan. Water supply must be continuous with good quality and quantity.5 x kebutuhan air rata-rata Kebutuhan jam puncak adalah 1.ID • • Water supply would need a pumping system. Peak hour consumptions is 1. but if it is also possible to obtain water from bored well.5 x daily consumptions.r Capacity assumption of the reservoir is 1 x maximum day consumptions. Capacity and total head of the pumping set must be in accordance with pumping system design 2 . berasal dari sumur bor Suplai air harus kontinyu dengan kualitas dan kuantitas air yang sesuai C.ESP. should a “gravity supply system” is not available. SISTEM PERPOMPAAN • • Sumber air berasal dari PDAM. SOURCE OF WATER • • The source of water comes from PDAM.75 x daily consumptions . Construction of ground reservoir is made of reinforced concrete Roof tank is made of PVC water tank with tower construction. RESERVOIR • • Kehilangan air adalah jumlah kehilangan air di jaringan pipa distribusi. B. C. Maximum day consumptions (max-day) is 1. (10% dari kebutuhan harian) Kebutuhan harian maksimum (max-day) adalah 1. PUMPING SYSTEMS Suplai air membutuhkan sistem perpompaan bila tidak dapat dilakukan dengan cara gravitasi Kapasitas dan total head pompa disesuaikan dengan perencanaan ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. D. RESERVOIR • Reservoir harus dapat menyimpan air sebagai cadangan untuk fluktuasi penggunaan air setiap hari Asumsi kapasitas reservoir adalah 1 x kebutuhan harian maksimum Konstruksi ground reservoir terbuat dari beton bertulang Roof tank terdiri dari tangki air PVC dan dilengkapi dengan tower Konstruksi tower terbuat dari rangkaian besi siku L 5x5 cm D. operasional dan pemeliharaan sistem.

3.ID • • Type of leach field is a rectangular hole. ketinggian konstruksi maksimum 2 m Konstruksi tangki septik terbuat dari beton bertulang Tangki septik dilengkapi dengan manhole dan pipa vent B. C. bathrooms.OR. SISTEM SANITASI • E. PIPA AIR BERSIH • • A.2. minimum water depth is 1 m and maximum height is 2 m.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES E.5 inch diameter. The septic tank is equipped with a manhole and vent system. Pipe supply and material installation must be in accordance with technical requirements. including their accessories. SUMUR PENGUMPUL • • Jenis pipa adalah PVC S-10. wastafel dan air hujan Konstruksi sumur pengumpul terbuat dari buis beton diameter 0. panjang minimum 0. AW class. diameter ½ inchi Pengadaan dan pemasangan pipa sesuai dengan ketentuan teknis dan termasuk dengan accesoriesnya 3.2. which width is 2 : 1.8 m diameter. kedalaman minimal 1 m Sumur pengumpul dilengkapi dengan manhole dan pipa vent C. and minimum depth of 1 m. with 0. SANITATION SYSTEMS A. Construction of collecting well is made of pre-cast concrete caisson with 0. SEPTIC TANK • • • • The function of the septic tank is to reduce the content of BOD in waste water The dimension of the septic tank is rectangular. klas AW. COLLECTING WELL • Fungsi sumur pengumpul adalah sebagai penampung air kotor dari out flow tangki septik. minimum length is 0. Dimension of the hole is in accordance with infiltration range of the existing soil 3 . WATER SUPPLY PIPE • • The functions of collecting well are to collect waste water from the out flow of a septic tank.75 m. kedalaman air minimum 1 m. wash basins and rain water. kamar mandi.8 m. TANGKI SEPTIK • • • • • • Type of pipe is PVC S-10. BIDANG RESAPAN • • Tangki septik berfungsi untuk menurunkan kandungan BOD yang terkandung dalam air buangan Tipe tangki septik adalah persegi panjang : lebar = 2 : 1.ESP. Collecting well is equipped with manhole and vent system.75 m. The septic tank is made of reinforced concrete. LEACH FIELD Tipe bidang resapan adalah galian persegi panjang Dimensi galian disesuaikan dengan daya peresapan tanah ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. B.

3. 4. WASTE WATER PIPE • Jenis pipa adalah PVC.2%.45 m. and the top layer is soil material The thickness of each filling material should be in accordance with detailed drawing. lapisan atas ditutup dengan tanah Ketebalan masing-masing material timbunan sesuai dengan gambar perencanaan • • • D.3. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. KEBUTUHAN FASILITAS WATSAN Type of pipe is PVC. Slope of base soil surface is 0.2 % Media penimbun galian terdiri dari kerikil diameter 3 – 8 cm. WASTE WATER PIPE • • • • • • • D. Solid waste equipment consists of trash bin 80 x 100 x 80 cm made of concrete break and trash container made of fiber glass with 60 liters capacity. NEEDS OF WATSAN FACILITIES The needs of WATSAN facilities for the Puskesmas are available in Table 4. Klas PV diameter 4 inchi Pengadaan dan pemasangan pipa sesuai dengan ketentuan teknis dan termasuk dengan accesoriesnya 3. SOLID WASTE SYSTEM Peralatan persampahan terdiri dari bak sampah dari pasangan bata ukuran 80x100x80 cm dan tempat sampah terbuat dari fiber glass kapasitas 60 liter.4. 3.ID 4 . PV class with 4 inches diameter.5 m and the minimum depth is 0. ON SITE DRAINAGE SYSTEM Konstruksi drainase terbuat dari pasangan batu dan saluran perpipaan Arah kemiringan saluran menuju sumur pengumpul atau sistem drainase kota 3. DRAINASE LINGKUNGAN • • • Kebutuhan fasilitas WATSAN untuk masing-masing Puskesmas dapat dilihat pada Tabel 4. PERSAMPAHAN Minimum width of the hole is 0. Drainage construction consists of concrete brick and drainage pipe system.45 m Kemiringan permukaan tanah dasar galian 0.4.ESP. Supplying and installation of pipe materials and their accessories must be in accordance with their technical requirements. 4. Direction of stream flow go in the direction of collecting well or out site drainage system 3.OR.1.5 m dan kedalaman minimum 0.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES • • Lebar minimum 0. Fill material of the hole is gravel or split stone with 3 – 8 cm diameter.1.

Skematik sistem sanitasi Puskesmas dapat dilihat pada Gambar 5. SYSTEMS DRAWING 5. CONSTRUCTION BUDGET Please see attachment section. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH 5.OR. SISTEM SANITASI 5. 5.2. 6.2. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS The details of Puskesmas water supply is available in Figure 5.2. SKEMA SISTEM 5.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES 5. BIAYA KONSTRUKSI Biaya konstruksi fasilitas WATSAN untuk Puskesamas dapat dilihat pada Lampiran 6. Skematik sistem penyediaan air bersih Puskesmas dapat dilihat pada Gambar 5.1.ESP.3.1.2.ID 5 .3.1 and Gambar 5.1 and Figure 5. SANITATION SYSTEMS The details of Puskesmas sanitation system is available in Figure 5.

Watsan Facilities Water Supply Scheme Sanitation Scheme Budget Construction ƒ Budget Recapitulation ƒ Detail Budget of Polindes Nusa ƒ Detail Budget of Polindes Lamateuk ƒ Detail Budget of Polindes Lamgaboh ƒ Detail Budget of Puskesmas Mibo ƒ Budget Details Analyze 5. 4. 4. LAMPIRAN 1.OR.ID 6 . Gambar Teknis 6. Photos ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. 2. 3.ESP. ATTACHMENTS 1. Technical Drawing 6.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES 7. 2. 3. Fasilitas Watsan Skema Suplai Air Skema Sanitasi Rencana Anggaran Biaya (RAB) ƒ Rekapitulasi Anggaran ƒ Rincian Biaya Polindes Nusa ƒ Rincian Biaya Polindes Lamateuk ƒ Rincian Biaya Polindes Lamgaboh ƒ Rincian Biaya Puskesmas Mibo ƒ Analisa Harga Satuan 5. Foto 7.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 1 TABLE : 4.0 0.0 PVC 100 10 PVC 100 12 concreate brick/pipe 2 m3 56 30 0.0 2.8 1.8 1.8 1.3 0.8 1.6 0.ID 7 .5 30 1.8 1.3 0.0 PVC 100 10 PVC 100 0 concreate brick/pipe 1000 L tank ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.8 1.8 1.0 PVC 100 20 PVC 100 10 reservoir Roof Drainage Solid Waste Pipe Type concreate Long Bak Medis Domestik (m) Sampah (unit) (unit) 41 1 2 2 15 1 2 2 15 1 2 2 16 1 2 2 brick/pipe 500 L tank 2 3 4 Polindes Lamateuk Polindes Lamgaboh Puskesmas Mibo Deep Roof well tank Deep Roof well tank PDAM Ground Connection reservoir Roof 500 L 10 30 0.3 0.5 15 1.8 1.8 1.8 1. WATSAN FACILITIES NEEDS OF THE PUSKESMAS PHASE I (4 UNITS) Water Supply System No Reservoir me of Puskesmas Sourches 1 Polindes Nusa - Type Ground Quantity 2 m3 Waste Water Pump Pipe Septic Tank Collecting well Grey Water Leach Field Quantity Total Head Diameter Long Long Width Depth Diameter Depth Long Width Depth Diameter Long Diameter Long L/Hour (m) (inchi) (m) (m) (m) (m) (mm) (m) (m) (m) (m) (mm) (m) (mm) (m) 10 30 0.0 PVC 100 10 PVC 100 20 concreate brick/pipe 500 L 10 30 0.6 0.8 1.5 25 1.0 2.1.3 0.0 2.8 1.0 0.5 20 1.OR.0 2.ESP.6 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 2: GAMBAR SISTEM SUPLAI AIR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 8 .ESP.OR.

ESP.ID 9 .OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.

ESP.ID 10 .OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 3: SISTEM SANITASI PUSKESMAS ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 5: DRAFT GAMBAR TEKNIK.ID 11 .

OR.ID 12 .DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.

OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.ID 13 .

OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 14 .ESP.

OR.ID 15 .DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID 16 .

OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.ID 17 .

OR. POLINDES NUSA POLINDES LAMATEUK ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 18 .DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 6: FOTO-FOTO.ESP.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES POLINDES LAMGABOH PUSKESMAS MIBO ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID 19 .

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Sudirman No. 9 Jakarta 10270 Indonesia Tel. Fl. +62-21-720-9594 Fax.esp.ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM Ratu Plaza Building. 17th.or. +62-21-720-4546 www. Jend.id . Jl.

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