4 views

Original Title: Chapter 2_ Law of Mechanics

Uploaded by santhiyaperemel

Chapter 2_ Law of Mechanics

jij

© All Rights Reserved

- Classical Mechanics - Marion, Thornton
- motionmountain-volume1
- AP Sem 1 Final Review
- Newton's 2nd Law of Motion
- Sat
- CBSE-syllabus
- Chapter 04 Dynamics
- 1 Momentum
- phys201lec2MT_INTRO.pdf
- CM Tutorial questions 2018.pdf
- Lma
- 1 General Physics.docx
- unit plan
- 13f Impulse Momentum Wireless 3-3-09
- 002132
- sas week 7 sem 2 17-18
- PPT F4 P1(2016)
- physicalscience-unit4forcesandmotion
- 000_toc-5
- museum paper graded

You are on page 1of 20

Law of

Mechanics

Course :- Diploma Engineering

Sub :- Engineering Mechanics

Unit :- 1

Mechanics Concept And Applied

Mechanics

• The branch of physical science that deals

with the state the of rest or the state of the

motion is termed as Mechanics.

under gravitational force and simple applied

forces the mechanics has grown to the

analysis of robotics, aircrafts, spacecrafts

under dynamic forces, atmospheric forces,

temperature forces etc.

Mechanics Concept And Applied

Mechanics

• The mechanics is developed by these

researchers may be grouped as

1. Classical mechanics

2. Relativistic mechanics

3. Wave mechanics.

Classification of Mechanics

applied, the engineering mechanics is

classified as

i. Mechanics of Solids, and

ii. Mechanics of Fluids.

as the mechanics of rigid bodies and

mechanics of deformable bodies.

Classification of Engineering

Mechanics

• The body which will not deform or the body in

which deformation can be neglected in the

analysis, are called as Rigid bodies.

• The mechanics of the rigid bodies dealing with the

bodies at rest is termed as Statics and that dealing

with bodies in motion is called Dynamics.

• The dynamics dealing with the problems without

referring to the forces causing the motion of the

body is termed as Kinematics and if it deals with

the forces causing motion also, is called Kinetics.

Basic Terminologies In

Mechanics

• Mass

• The quantity of the matter possessed by a body

is called mass.

• When a body is taken out in a spacecraft, the

mass will not change but its weight may change

due to change in gravitational force.

• Time

• Time is the measure of succession of events.

• The successive event selected is the rotation of

earth about its own axis and this is called a day.

• Space

• The geometric region in which study of body

is involved is called space.

• Displacement

• Displacement is defined as the distance moved

by a body/particle in the specified direction.

• Velocity

• The rate of change of displacement with

• respect to time is defined as velocity.

• Acceleration

• Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity

with respect to time.

• Thus a =dv/dt , where v is velocity

• Momentum

• The product of mass and velocity is called

momentum. Thus

• Momentum = Mass × Velocity

• Rigid Body

• A body is said to be rigid, if the relative

positions of any two particles in it do not

change under the action of the forces.

Laws of Mechanics

• The following are the fundamental laws of

mechanics:

2. Newton’s second law

3. Newton’s third law

4. Newton’s law of gravitation

5. Law of transmissibility of forces, and

6. Parallelogram law of forces.

• Newton’s First Law

• It states that every body continues in its state of rest

or of uniform motion in a straight line unless it is

compelled by an external agency acting on it.

• This leads to the definition of force as the external

agency which changes or tends to change the state of

rest or uniform linear motion of the body.

• Newton’s Second Law

• It states that the rate of change of momentum of a

body is directly proportional to the impressed force

and it takes place in the direction of the force acting

on it.

• Thus according to this law,

Force ∝ mass × acceleration

F∝m×a

• Newton’s Third Law

• It states that for every action there is an equal and

opposite reaction.

• Consider the two bodies in contact with each

other. Let one body applies a force F on another.

According to this law the second body develops a

reactive force R which is equal in magnitude to

force F and acts in the line same as F but in the

opposite direction.

• Newton’s Law of Gravitation

• Everybody attracts the other body. The force

of attraction between any two bodies is

directly proportional to their masses and

inversely proportional to the square of the

distance between them. According to this law

the force of attraction between the bodies of

mass m1 and mass m2 at a distance d as

shown in Fig. is mm

F G 1 2

d2

• Law of Transmissibility of Force

• According to this law the state of rest or

motion of the rigid body is unaltered if a force

acting on the body is replaced by another

force of the same magnitude and direction but

acting anywhere on the body along the line of

action of the replaced force.

• The parallelogram law of forces enables us to

determine the single force called resultant

force.

• This law states that if two forces acting

simultaneously on a body at a point are

presented in magnitude and direction by the

two adjacent sides of a parallelogram, their

resultant is represented in magnitude and

direction by the diagonal of the parallelogram

which passes through the point of intersection

of the two sides representing the forces.

1*

Units

• Length (L), Mass (M) and Time (S) are the

fundamental units in mechanics. The units of

all other quantities may be expressed in terms

of these basic units. The three commonly used

systems in engineering are

• Centimeter- Gramme-Second (CGS) system

• Foot-Pound-Second (FPS) system.

Units

Area Square meter m2

Volume Cubic meter m3

Velocity Meter per second m/sec

Acceleration Metre per second m/sec2

per second

IMAGE REFERENCES

Sr. No. Source/Links

1 http://hom.wikidot.com/local--files/roberval/ParallelogramLaw.PNG

CONTENT REFERENCES

R.S.KHURMI , S.CHAND & COMPANY PVT. LTD.

A TEXT BOOK OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS , Dr.

R.K.BANSAL , LAXMI PUBLICATION

ANY

QUESTION ??

Thank

You

- Classical Mechanics - Marion, ThorntonUploaded byFRANCISCO C.N. SANTOS
- motionmountain-volume1Uploaded byJan Duno
- AP Sem 1 Final ReviewUploaded bySakib Alam
- Newton's 2nd Law of MotionUploaded byGarrey Briones
- SatUploaded byengrroy
- CBSE-syllabusUploaded byndthokare
- Chapter 04 DynamicsUploaded byPathmanathan Nadeson
- 1 MomentumUploaded byPatrick Yu
- phys201lec2MT_INTRO.pdfUploaded byMystie Suzuki
- CM Tutorial questions 2018.pdfUploaded byKhalifa Khalid
- LmaUploaded byemailym
- 1 General Physics.docxUploaded byKatrine Jaya Andrew
- unit planUploaded byapi-243289431
- 13f Impulse Momentum Wireless 3-3-09Uploaded byLouie Cai
- 002132Uploaded byGmv Viju
- sas week 7 sem 2 17-18Uploaded byapi-325945020
- PPT F4 P1(2016)Uploaded byjoe zulkefli
- physicalscience-unit4forcesandmotionUploaded byapi-252052152
- 000_toc-5Uploaded byDagoel Sriyansyah
- museum paper gradedUploaded byapi-257219082
- Physics Project(Arvin)Uploaded byArvin Tolentino
- Newtons First Law of Motion-InertiaUploaded byWong Wei Han
- Engineering MechanicsUploaded byMali Mayur
- System of ParticlesUploaded byKrishna
- 1-2weekUploaded byFrancis Philippe C. Cariño
- 4th Grade Science Curriculum CardsUploaded byatinsley302
- GS104 - Exam I - ReviewUploaded bylonglist
- II. MotionUploaded bySmileCaturas
- building devices and vehicles that move quizUploaded byapi-401692364
- Lecture Notes CSM4Uploaded byajitsinghrathore

- Understanding Ethnicity and RaceUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- COMPUTER SYSTEM DEVICEUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- 2.6performancemeasures1Uploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Green EarthUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- GREEN EARTH.pptUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Rigid BodyUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Static Equilibrium for a Particle.docUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- coUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Title LayoutUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Green EarthUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- EFCS_LOC 1.pptUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- position vs displacement.pdfUploaded byIrtizahussain
- HydaulicsUploaded byanilks3
- Fluid Power Graphic SymbolsUploaded byJShearer
- Label all the symbols.docxUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Ukmediited.docxUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Ukm.docxUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- nbkxhjkUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- f1 set 2 2016Uploaded byFuture Learning
- 17.Lp Body Regulation & Maintenance SystemUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- 16. Lp Nerve & Endocrine SystemUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- Chapter 1 Stress and Strain PDFUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- 1.0_Introduction to Engineering MechanicsUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- 2.1_ force and lawUploaded bysanthiyaperemel
- $RR5NLKVUploaded bysanthiyaperemel

- Social Defense Mechanisms: Tools for Reclaiming OurUploaded byapi-26481705
- 2012 F=ma solutions (1)Uploaded byColin Clarke
- Unit1-RKUploaded byvarshasdm1987
- hw2Uploaded byPrajita Roy
- PatternsUploaded byAbimael Martínez Sánchez
- Class XII Test - 10 CopiesUploaded bysourav singh
- Mazak Programming Manual for Mazatrol Matrix 3DUploaded byArturo Lopez
- Calculus Practice TestUploaded byadam
- ME2307 Lab ManualUploaded byAnirudhan Ravi
- Lesson 13 Algebraic CurvesUploaded byNiño Jhim Andrew
- Shell Structurespresentation on shell structuresUploaded byMegha Kanaginahal
- Detailed Lp_final DemonstrationUploaded byGenaro Nocete de Mesa
- infinite universe theoryUploaded byPankil Shridhar
- The Einstein Hoax (1997) ReticUploaded byEugene Mallove
- Earth as a SphereUploaded byNur Hafizha
- Heidegger's Leibniz and Abyssal IdentityUploaded by1977jjkk
- Velocity-Rigid Body MotionUploaded byDirajen PM
- 2 2 a perspectivesketchingUploaded byapi-327650008
- C4 Chapter 2.pdfUploaded byOmar Hashem
- Math 55 LE2 NotesUploaded byJustin Quintos
- the cuboctahedronUploaded byapi-281900722
- 12 Maths CBSE Exam Papers 2015 Chennai Set 1 AnswerUploaded byGeeteshGupta
- Ls-Ingrid Example ManualUploaded bykillimakilli
- Matrices exercise solution.pdfUploaded byChai Usajai Usajai
- Area of Triangle Using TrigonometryUploaded by78daniel
- GRE Math 강좌 – Set 9Uploaded byHee_Eun_Jang_6656
- Chan_space Not ArtUploaded byCarson Chan
- Schwarz lemma.pdfUploaded bybond12314
- kemh103Uploaded byAkshay Shinde
- High School Geometry Days 041053Uploaded byeclecticOTA