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Multiple Choice Questions - (146) Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods. - (17)
Odd Numbered - (73) Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology. - (41)
Even Numbered - (73) Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern times. - (20)
Bloom's: Analysis - (6) Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology. - (48)
Bloom's: Application - (24) Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate. - (6)
Bloom's: Comprehension - (22) Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism. - (7)
Bloom's: Knowledge - (94) Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of natural selection and adaptation. - (10)

1. Sarah is observing high school students use Facebook and Skype. Her purpose is to see how these media change the way
we communicate in our society. She is most likely a student of:
anthropology.
human resource management.
→ psychology.
history.

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
2. According to the text, psychology is defined as the:
study of people's subjective mental lives.
→ study of behaviour and thought.
examination of unconscious factors.
study of personality.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
3. Psychology differs from disciplines like literature, history and sociology in that psychology is:
→ a science
concerned with understanding people
the study of the role of large-scale social forces on groups
seeks to understand people by analysis of past events and artifacts.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
4. Dr. Smith is a psychologist who is interested in studying aggression in sports. For her research, she attends high school
basketball games and records the number of aggressive acts she observes. Dr. Smith's research is best viewed as meeting
psychology's basic the goal of __________.
→ description
explanation
prediction
change

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
5. Steve has been feeling depressed lately and decides to visit a psychologist, Dr. Katz, for some assistance. After learning
that Steve's relationship with his girlfriend recently ended, Dr. Katz begins to think that perhaps Steve's depression has
been caused by this recently ended relationship. Dr. Katz's speculations are most similar to which goal of psychology?
description
→ explanation
prediction
change

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
6. While driving home one day, Abdul is in a serious car accident. Several weeks later, he notices that he is still feeling very
tense and anxious. He consults with a psychologist, who informs him that it is common for people who have been in a
serious accident to have these kinds of feelings. The psychologist goes on to say that often people also have bad dreams
and re-experience the trauma, and that Abdul shouldn't be surprised if this happens. The psychologist's comments are most
similar to which goal of psychology?
description
explanation
→ prediction
change

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
7. Dr. Harris has created an academic performance enhancement program designed to help children who are struggling in
school. Results from his research reveal that the program is effective at improving children's grades. Dr. Harris's work is
most consistent with which goal of psychology?
description
explanation
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prediction
→ change

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
8. In many eyewitness studies, researchers carefully observe the "victim's" behaviour under various conditions. The presence
of a weapon appears to decrease eyewitness accuracy in identifying the perpetrator. To test whether or not this is true,
researchers re-enact a robbery both with and without a gun. People viewing the robbery where a gun was used were far
less accurate in their description of the robber. This knowledge has been used in courtroom cases, often discrediting
eyewitness testimony. In this case, the idea that the presence of a weapon decreases eyewitness accuracy, corresponds to
which of the basic goals of psychology?
description
explanation
→ prediction
application

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
9. Dr. Forman is a school psychologist who has been asked to observe a disruptive student. After her observation, she writes,
"Bobby appeared to have a great deal of difficulty listening to the lessons being taught. He had particular difficulty with
the math lesson, and began distracting the students who were sitting next to him by pinching and hitting them." Dr.
Forman's observations are most consistent with which goal of psychology?
→ description
explanation
prediction
change

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
10. Susan is attending a seminar on stress management. The psychologist leading the seminar states that, "most stress is
caused by irrational thinking and the negative ways that we judge various situations." The psychologist's comments most
closely resemble which goal of psychology?
description
→ explanation
prediction
change

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
11. ____________ is the science of understanding individuals—animals as well as people.
Archaeology
Sociology
Anthropology
→ Psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
12. Psychology is most accurately defined as the ____________.
study of people through description and analysis of past events and artifacts
study of people in terms of large-scale social forces and with a focus on groups rather than individuals
→ scientific study of thought and behaviour
scientific study of human culture and origins

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
13. A specialty area that focuses on the study of basic processes such as learning, perception, and motivation is called:
cognitive psychology.
comparative psychology.
→ experimental psychology.
developmental psychology.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
14. Which of the following statements is true of psychology?
Psychology is the art of understanding people's interaction in groups.
Psychology does not have any other disciplines organized around it.
→ Psychology is a core science, along with medicine, physics, and math.
Psychology is not a science, but a clinical practice.

Multiple Choice Question


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Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
15. ____________ psychology is also known as pseudo psychology.
Research
Clinical
Scientific
→ Popular

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
16. Systematic observation and measurement of behaviour is a defining feature of:
→ science
pseudo psychology
basic research
applied research

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
17. Common sense, rather than the scientific method, is used by:
research psychologists.
clinical psychologists.
→ pseudo psychologists.
social psychologists.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-01 Define psychology; including its scope; goals; and methods.
18. The specialty area in psychology that focuses on how the presence of other people influences an individual's behaviour,
thoughts, and feelings is called:
personality psychology.
cross-cultural psychology
organizational psychology
→ social psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
19. ____________ is the study of how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use
language, and how we solve problems.
Social psychology
→ Cognitive psychology
Clinical psychology
Educational psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
20. Dr. Hughes conducts laboratory studies of the thought processes involved in problem solving. Which of the following
types of psychologists is she most likely to be?
→ Cognitive
Evolutionary
Educational
Social

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
21. In which of the following subdisciplines of psychology are researchers often referred to as experimental psychologists?
Social psychology
→ Cognitive psychology
Clinical psychology
Educational psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
22. Which of the following questions is most likely to be discussed by a cognitive psychologist?
→ How do people visualize objects in their minds?
How does the presence of other people change an individual's thoughts, feeling, or perceptions?
Why are we attracted to particular kinds of people?
How does parent-infant bonding affect adult relationships?

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
23. Developmental psychology explores:
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how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use language, and how we
solve problems.
the links among brain, mind, and behaviour.
the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behaviour and thought.
→ how thought and behaviour change and show stability across the life span.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
24. Which of the following types of psychologists is most likely to conduct a research on how reasoning skills or emotional
skills change with age?
Clinical psychologist
Behavioural psychologist
→ Developmental psychologist
Educational psychologist

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
25. ____________ studies the links among brain, mind, and behaviour.
Social psychology
Industrial psychology
→ Behavioural neuroscience
Developmental psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
26. Which of the following questions is most likely to be discussed by a developmental psychologist?
How do people visualize objects in their minds?
How does the presence of other people change an individual's thoughts, feelings, or perceptions?
Why are we attracted to particular kinds of people?
→ How does parent-infant bonding affect adult relationships?

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
27. ____________ examines the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behaviour and
thought.
Clinical psychology
→ Biological psychology
Social psychology
Educational psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
28. There is a great deal of overlap between neuroscience and ____________ psychology. The latter is an older term that is
being replaced by behavioural neuroscience in contemporary psychology.
→ biological
social
clinical
educational

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
29. The neurological processes underlying fear would most likely be studied by a ____________.
→ behavioural neuroscientist
developmental psychologist
positive psychologist
personality psychologist

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
30. Which of the following studies is most likely to be conducted by Cathy, who is majoring in biological psychology, for her
honours thesis?
The social origins of major depressive disorders
The extent to which childhood peer experiences influence adult behaviour
→ The relationship between the neurotransmitter serotonin and happiness
A computer model of humans' deductive reasoning processes

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
31. Personality psychology:
considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behaviour.
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examines the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behaviour and
thought.
focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders.
considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people's behaviour across time and

situations.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
32. Dr. Keel studies how likely individuals are to help another person depending on the number of other individuals present.
What area of psychology does Dr. Keel's research fall into?
Clinical psychology
→ Social psychology
Educational psychology
Industrial psychology

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
33. Dr. Hansen is conducting a study to understand whether or not one's level of extraversion stays the same from infancy to
adulthood. She is most likely a ____________.
geneticist
cognitive psychologist
→ personality psychologist
doctor of osteopathy

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
34. Which of the following questions is most likely to be discussed by a social psychologist?
→ Why are we attracted to particular kinds of people?
How do our reasoning skills change as we age?
How do people visualize objects in their minds?
How does parent-infant bonding affect adult relationships?

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
35. Clinical psychology:
considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behaviour.
examines how thought and behaviour change and show stability across the life span.
→ focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders.
considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people's behaviour across time and
situations.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
36. ____________ psychology is the single largest subdiscipline in psychology.
Social
→ Clinical
Educational
Cognitive

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
37. Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination are topics most likely to be studied by ____________.
geneticists
cognitive psychologists
neurologists
→ social psychologists

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
38. Cara wants to help people. She doesn't want to work with individuals who are suffering from mental disorders. Instead she
is interested in working with relatively healthy people and assisting them with deciding what careers might interest them.
Cara should work towards becoming what type of psychologist?
Cognitive
Health
→ Counselling
Clinical

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
39. James has received training in medicine and has an MD degree; in addition to offering therapy he can prescribe drugs.
Based on this information, it can be concluded that James is a:
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clinical psychologist.
counselling psychologist.
→ psychiatrist.
psychologist with his own clinic.

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
40. Topics in ____________ psychology range from studies of how stress is linked to illness and immune function to research
on the role of social factors in how people interact with health care professionals.
cognitive
→ health
forensic
educational

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
41. Which of the following is most likely to be the focus of educational psychology?
The relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behaviour and thought
The role of psychological factors in the physical health and illness of students
The changes in our emotional skills that take place as we age
→ The effectiveness of particular teaching techniques

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
42. Alisha helps the fire department screen individuals applying to become fire fighters by administering personality tests to
applicants and helping decide on the most effective criterion for making hiring decisions. Alisha is most likely what type
of psychologist?
→ industrial/organizational
health
social
educational

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
43. Industrial/organizational psychology:
considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behaviour.
focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders and ways to promote psychological
health.
aims to increase productivity and satisfaction of workers by considering how the work environment and

management styles influence worker motivation, satisfaction, and productivity.
considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people's behaviour across time and
situations.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
44. ____________ psychology is a blend of psychology, law, and criminal justice.
Social
→ Forensic
Developmental
Cognitive

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
45. Which of the following tasks is most likely to be performed by a forensic psychologist?
Applying principles of psychology to the selection and training of employees
Evaluating the effectiveness of a particular teaching technique
Providing career counselling to students of criminal justice
→ Evaluating the state of mind of a defendant at the time of a crime

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
46. Which of the following types of psychologists is most likely to be a part of the human resource department of a large
corporation?
Cognitive psychologist
→ Industrial/organizational psychologist
Social psychologist
Developmental psychologist

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
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47. Which of the following is true concerning the science and practice of psychology?
→ The practice of psychology originated first, followed by science.
The science of psychology originated first, followed by practice.
The science and practice of psychology originated at roughly the same time.
The practice and science of psychology originated at the same time, but in different places.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
48. For which of the following reasons is ancient Greece significant in the history of psychology?
→ The foundations for psychology as a science can be traced to ancient Greece.
Wilhelm Wundt, one of the first known psychologists, established his laboratory in ancient Greece.
The first doctorate in psychology was awarded in ancient Greece.
The ancient Greeks compiled a diagnostic manual for mental disorders.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
49. Many prehistoric cultures had ____________ that treated mental disorders by performing rituals to drive out the evil
spirits that were thought to be the causes of such disorders.
hunters
chiefs
→ shamans
laggards

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
50. Trephination involves:
recruiting large numbers of individuals to participate in clinical trials of controversial pharmaceuticals.
associating a previously neutral stimulus with a meaningful stimulus to create a desired response.
studying large groups of individuals from various cultures to determine similarities and differences across
these cultures.
→ drilling a small hole in someone's skull, often to release demons thought to possess the person.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
51. The Greek physician ____________ was the first to write about a man suffering from a phobia of heights—what we now
call acrophobia.
Galen
→ Hippocrates
Socrates
Aristotle

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
52. Which of the following statements is true regarding the ancient views on psychology?
→ The ancient Chinese made connections between a person's bodily organs and their emotions.
The earliest cultures to seek natural explanations for disorders were the ancient Americans.
The ancient Chinese (2,600 BCE) believed in supernatural explanations of psychological disorders.
Frenchman Philip Pinel was the first to write about a man suffering from a phobia of heights—what we now
call acrophobia.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
53. If you were suffering from a psychological disorder in Europe during the Middle Ages, people would assume that the
cause of your problem was due to:
your unconscious
problems with your spleen
→ possession by demons, spirits or the devil
a chemical imbalance

Bloom's: Comprehension
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
54. In Europe during the Middle Ages (400 to 1,400 CE [Common Era]), psychological disorders were attributed to:
physiological disorders.
deeds in past life.
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social status.
→ supernatural causes.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
55. Philip Pinel of France is said to have been the first major proponent of ____________.
the use of narcotics to treat pain
→ moral treatment of the mentally ill
the study of the mind-body connection
considering psychology as a science

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
56. In North America, the first practitioner of humane treatment of the mentally ill was ____________.
René Descartes
Sigmund Freud
→ Dorothea Dix
John Locke

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
57. What modern view of psychological disorders developed at the end of the 1800s?
→ Psychological disorders are a form of illness that should be diagnosed and treated.
Psychological disorders are actually thought disorders, rather than instances of spirit possession caused by
witchcraft.
Psychological disorders are mood disorders and should be treated by psychoanalysis.
Psychological disorders have an underlying physical cause and thus should be treated by physical means.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
58. Emil Kraepelin was the first to describe "dementia praecox," the mental disorder now known as ____________.
→ schizophrenia
bipolar disorder
major depressive disorder
Munchausen's syndrome

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
59. ____________ was the first to distinguish thought disorders (schizophrenia) from the mood disorders of melancholia
(depression) and manic depression (bipolar disorder). His views were a major influence on diagnostic categories
formulated during the 20th century.
Dorothea Dix
Sigmund Freud
John Locke
→ Emil Kraepelin

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
60. In the beginning of the 20th century, Sigmund Freud developed a form of therapy known as ____________.
cognitive-behavioural therapy
aversion therapy
→ psychoanalysis
behaviour modification

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
61. Psychoanalysis assumes that:
underlying biological events such as hormonal changes mediate all human behaviour.
→ the unconscious mind is the most powerful motivator of behaviour.
social forces are the most powerful motivators of adult behaviour.
D).dreams have no meaning to or relationship with the unconscious mind.

Multiple Choice Question


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Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
times.
62. If you seek help from a psychotherapist who treats you by focusing on your unconscious impulses, thoughts and feelings,
then you are most likely undergoing what type of therapy?
cognitive-behavioural therapy
aversion therapy
→ psychoanalysis
behaviour modification

Bloom's: Comprehension
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
63. The ____________ therapy focuses on changing a person's maladaptive thought and behaviour patterns by discussing and
rewarding more appropriate ways of thinking and behaving.
sublimation
→ cognitive-behavioural
repression
reaction formation

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
64. Psychologists in North America use a standardized reference for diagnosing mental disorders called ____________.
The Interpretation of Dreams, by Sigmund Freud
the American Psychological Association Guide to Mental Disorders (APAGMD)
Dr. Freud's Guide to Mental Illnesses (DFGMI)
→ the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
65. Which of the following behaviour patterns was removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
in 1973?
Dissociative identity disorder
→ Homosexuality
Conversion disorder
Anxiety disorder

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
66. Susan is having trouble with anxiety and is working with a therapist to address this problem. As part of her treatment, the
therapist teaches Susan how to change her anxiety-provoking thoughts and how to change her environment so that it
reinforces the positive behaviours she wants to practice. Susan's therapist is most likely using what type of psychotherapy?
→ cognitive-behavioural therapy
aversion therapy
psychoanalysis
behaviour modification

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the evolution of clinical psychology from prehistoric to modern
Multiple Choice Question times.
67. Which of the following fields is considered a "parent" of the discipline of psychology?
Literature
Physics
→ Philosophy
Chemistry

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
68. Empiricism is the belief that knowledge and thoughts come from ____________.
scriptures
→ experience
genetic endowment
observation

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
69. In the context of psychology, which of the following is a major difference between scientists and philosophers?
→ Philosophers do not collect data to test their ideas.
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According to scientists, the mind simply receives what our sensory organs—eyes, ears, nose, skin, and
tongue—take in from the outside world.
Philosophers believe that human beings create knowledge from experience.
According to scientists, human beings create knowledge from reflection and thinking.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
70. Psychology can be considered as an empirical science because:
psychology originates from medicine.
psychology is based on the laws of nature.
→ psychologists test predictions about behaviour with systematic observations and by gathering data.
psychologists believe that human beings create knowledge from reflection and thinking.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
71. In the 1870s the first laboratories in psychology were opened in ____________.
→ Germany
China
the United States
Austria

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
72. The earliest researchers in psychology examined the subjective experience of physical sensations. This area of study is
known as:
neuroscience.
philosophy.
physiology.
→ psychophysics.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
73. To compare psychophysics and physics, if physicists study the physical properties of light and sound, psychophysicists
study:
causes of light and sound.
→ human perception of light and sound.
commercial uses of light and sound.
effects of light and sound on the environment.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
74. ____________ conducted some of the earliest research in perception and laid the groundwork for what later became
known as psychophysics.
William James
Johns Hopkins
Rosalie Raynor
→ Ernst Weber

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
75. ____________ coined the term psychophysics.
Carl Jung
Wilhelm Wundt
→ Gustav Fechner
G. Stanley Hall

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
76. Wilhelm Wundt is credited with:
→ giving psychology its independence from philosophy and physiology.
identifying the effects of childhood experiences on the development of our adult personality.
evaluating the effects of social forces on one's behaviour.
developing the discipline of psychophysics.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
77. Who is considered the founder of North American psychology?
Elizabeth Loftus
James Mark Baldwin
Sigmund Freud
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→ William James

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
78. ____________ founded the American Psychological Association (APA).
Carl Jung
→ G. Stanley Hall
Gustav Fechner
Wilhelm Wundt

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
79. Which of the following is NOT one of G. Stanley Hall's achievements?
He founded the American Psychological Association (APA).
He opened the first psychology laboratory in the United States.
→ He coined the term psychophysics.
He started the first scientific journal in American psychology, the American Journal of Psychology.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
80. Who founded the first laboratory of experimental psychology in 1879?
William James
Edward Titchener
→ Wilhelm Wundt
Wolfgang Kohler

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
81. Mary Whiton Calkins:
→ was the first female president of the American Psychological Association.
was a student of Sigmund Freud.
opened the first psychology laboratory in the United States.
started the first scientific journal in American psychology, the American Journal of Psychology.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
82. According to structuralism:
our experiences during childhood are a powerful force in the development of our adult personality.
psychology is a sub-discipline of philosophy.
→ breaking down experience into its elemental parts offers the best way to understand thought and behaviour.
psychology is an empirical science which is independent of medicine and physiology.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
83. ____________ believed that a detailed analysis of experience as it happened provides the most accurate glimpse into the
workings of the human mind.
Socialists
→ Structuralists
Behaviourists
Functionalists

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
84. In which of the following approaches to psychology was introspection the primary research method used to understand
thoughts and behaviour?
Psychophysics
→ Structuralism
Empiricism
Behaviourism

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
85. Which of the following early approaches to psychology focused on why and how people think and feel?
Socialism
Behaviourism
Structuralism
→ Functionalism

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
Page 12 of 19

86. Some of the ideas from functionalism live on in what more modern approach to psychology?
behaviourism
humanist
→ evolutionary psychology
sociocultural perspective

Bloom's: Analysis
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
87. Jim, an early researcher in psychology, was interested in how the mind works. He focused on his own experience of pain
in an effort to understand how and why people feel pain. Jim was most likely a:
structuralist.
→ functionalist.
behaviourist.
psychoanalyst.

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
88. Which of the following psychologists asserted that psychology can be a true science only if it examines observable
behaviour, not ideas, thoughts, feelings, or motives?
William James
Abraham Maslow
→ John Watson
Carl Rogers

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
89. ____________ asserts that psychology can be a true science only if it examines observable behaviour, not ideas, thoughts,
feelings, or motives.
Structuralism
→ Behaviourism
Socialism
Functionalism

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
90. The statement, "a person does not act upon the world, the world acts upon the person," would most likely have been said
by:
Sigmund Freud.
Carl Rogers.
→ B.F. Skinner.
Aaron Beck.

Bloom's: Analysis
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
91. ____________ psychology promotes personal growth and meaning as a way of reaching one's highest potential.
→ Humanistic
Gestalt
Positive
Holistic

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
92. Dr. Hennesey believes that psychologists should analyze only human behaviour that can be observed. He is most likely a
strict ____________.
humanistic psychologist
functionalist
→ behaviourist
social psychologist

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
93. A psychologist is being interviewed on a local news program regarding the recent problems with school violence. The
psychologist suggests that we need to change the environments in which our children are being raised by reinforcing the
behaviours we would like to see our children demonstrate. This psychologist is most likely associated with which
psychological perspective?
humanistic
psychodynamic
cognitive
→ behavioural
Page 13 of 19

Multiple Choice Question Bloom's: Application


Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
94. ____________ psychology shares with humanism a belief that psychology should focus on studying, understanding, and
promoting healthy and positive psychological functioning.
Health
Developmental
Psychological
→ Positive

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
95. ____________ psychologists strive to understand people who are psychologically healthy, happy, and compassionate.
Cognitive
Developmental
→ Positive
Clinical

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
96. Gestalt psychology proposed that:
people learn by making associations.
breaking down experience into its elemental parts offers the best way to understand thought and behaviour.
psychology is a sub-discipline of philosophy.
→ in perception a unified whole is more than a compilation of parts.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
97. Samantha sees a sign on a club's marquee that says "CLUB _PEN FRO_ 8PM TO 4AM." Although some letters are
missing from the sign, she knows it is listing the hours when the club is open. Samantha's perception would be of greater
interest to ____________ psychologists.
positive
→ Gestalt
industrial/organizational
social

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
98. Cognitive science focuses on the scientific study of ____________.
→ thought
asylums
computers
school psychology

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
99. Keri has always had a strong desire to paint. Her parents insist she go to college rather than the art school she wishes to
attend. Her therapist, who is aligned with the humanistic perspective believes:
Keri will learn to appreciate another more lucrative career path in college.
→ Keri will become frustrated with college and not be able to fulfill herself.
Keri will forget about painting and learn a new skill as she experiences new things.
Keri will be successful in college and will appreciate her parents' advice.

Bloom's: Analysis
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
100.A psychological researcher states that we will greatly enhance our understanding of how humans think if we are able to
simulate or duplicate human cognitive processes using computers. This researcher is most likely working from which
perspective?
behaviourism
→ cognitive
sociobiology
psychodynamic

Bloom's: Analysis
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
101.Which of the following is used as a metaphor for human mind in cognitive psychology?
Light switch
Camera
→ Computer
Transmitter
Page 14 of 19

Multiple Choice Question Bloom's: Knowledge


Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
102.Senara is conducting a study on how stress can influence problem-solving by manipulating the amount of time and the
level of difficulty of the problems to solve. Which perspective is Senara taking to the study of psychology?
psychodynamic
behaviourist
→ cognitive
humanist

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
103.A particular research lab uses advanced electrical recording and brain imagining tools to monitor brain functioning while
people engage in various mental activities. Researchers in this lab are most likely doing investigations in which area of
modern psychology?
behaviour modification
→ behavioural neuroscience
cognitive behavioural
artificial intelligence

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
104.According to ____________ psychology, who we are, how we got here, and what we do and think are a result of brain
activity and are influenced by genetic factors.
Gestalt
cognitive
educational
→ evolutionary

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
105.Gabriella was raised in a family where individual achievement and accomplishment were stressed by both of her parents.
She was constantly encouraged to set personal goals for herself and to strive to achieve them. The values emphasized by
Sara's family are most consistent with:
collectivism.
structuralism.
→ individualism.
functionalism.

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
106.The psychological perspective that focuses on the diversity of societies and how customs are transmitted to its members is
called:
→ sociocultural.
biological.
evolutionary psychology.
humanistic.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
107.Which of the following is most consistent with evolutionary psychology?
An organism's biology determines whether it will survive or not; behaviour does not determine survival.
An organism's biology determines its behavioural capabilities, and its behaviour then determines whether it

will survive or not.
An organism's biology and behaviour are determined by the environment.
An organism's behaviour determines its biological capabilities.

Bloom's: Analysis
Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
108.Jack is a psychologist. Rather than just describing what the mind does, he is more interested in the functions of the human
mind and why they might be adaptive. Jack is a(n) ____________ psychologist.
gestalt
→ evolutionary
positive
clinical

Bloom's: Application
Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
Page 15 of 19

109.Which area of psychology studies a range of topics using the principles of natural selection and adaption to understand
them?
gestalt
→ evolutionary
positive
clinical

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
110.Sam and Ben are brothers. Sam attends the local neighbourhood school, while his younger brother, Ben, attends an
exclusive private school. Sam is very proud of his home and frequently invites friends over to his house to study or just
relax. Ben, on the other hand, does not want his classmates to see how poor his family is and is embarrassed by the small
house his family lives in. In this case, the opposing views of the same home can be explained from a sociocultural
perspective in the following way:
Ben's negative view of the world is a result of being the youngest child.
→ Each boy's reality is shaped by his different social settings at school.
Sam has more friends than Ben and is therefore more comfortable with his home.
Ben's friends value money; whereas Sam's do not.

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
111.Which area in psychology is a hybrid area that draws on insights from a number of fields including biology, cognitive
science and anthropology?
gestalt
→ evolutionary
positive
clinical

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
112.What area of psychology have some theorists suggested could unify the disparate fields in psychology?
gestalt
→ evolutionary
positive
clinical

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
113.Research on perceptual illusions provides evidence that the mind perceives elements as a meaningful whole, a position
advocated for by:
structuralism
→ gestalt psychology
humanist approach
behaviourism.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
114.Kat believes that human behaviour is solely the result of genetic coding. Her point of view is referred to as the
____________ view.
→ nature-only
nurture-only
environment-only
evolution-only

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the roots and early scientific foundations of psychology.
115.According to the nurture-only view, we are the product of our:
inherited traits.
→ experiences.
genetic makeup.
innate biology.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate.
116.The point of view that human behaviour is solely the result of ____________ appears to be a very Western, very North
American idea.
genetics
nature
→ nurture
inborn tendencies
Page 16 of 19

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate.
117.Which of the following terms best represents the view that biological systems involved in thought and behaviour—genes,
brain structures, brains cells, etc.—are inherited but are still open to modification from the environment?
Natural selection
Environmental evolution
Mind-body dualism
→ nature through nurture

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate.
118.Which of the following is shown by Kandel (2006) with respect to certain genes in the human brain?
They cannot facilitate new connections between neurons in an adult brain.
They are all present and functional at birth.
They do not differ between organisms despite variations in experience.
→ They can be turned on or off by our experiences.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate.
119.As compared to babies of uninfected mothers, babies whose mothers fought off infectious diseases when they were
pregnant were ____________.
more likely to develop advanced language skills
→ more likely to develop schizophrenia
less likely to develop major a depressive disorder
less likely to engage in peer conflicts as children

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate.
120.For millennia thinkers have argued over what determines our personality and behaviour: innate biology or life experience.
This conflict is known as the ____________ debate.
→ nature-nurture
mind-body
internal-external
evolutionary-environmental

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-05 Summarize the nature-nurture debate.
121.When considering the mind-body problem, some philosophers argue that the mind is a separate entity from the body and
is not subject to the same physical laws as the body. These individuals would belong to which philosophical position?
monism
→ dualism
structuralism
functionalism

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
122.Monism is a belief that:
→ mental events are a product of physical events.
the mind is separate from the body.
the mind is not subject to the physical laws of the body.
research on the body cannot solve the mysteries of the mind.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
123.Which of the following concepts allows for the idea that a soul survives bodily death?
Nature versus nurture
Natural selection
Evolutionary theory
→ Mind-body dualism

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
124.The statement, "¼answers to the great questions of psychology will ultimately be found in 'physiology'¼ All behaviour,
all experience, all feeling, indeed all the subject matter of psychology, are nothing more than the outcomes of the activity
of the nervous system" is most consistent with the following view:
dualism.
→ monism.
functionalism.
structuralism.
Page 17 of 19

Bloom's: Analysis
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
125.____________ philosophy emphasizes the interdependence of body and mind.
Clinical
Gestalt
→ Eastern
Developmental

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
126.In the 17th century, ____________ proposed a theory that the mind was separate from the body.
John Locke
Aristotle
→ René Descartes
Max Wertheimer

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
127.A central belief of the dualism position is that it suggests that:
→ studying the body won't tell us anything about the mind.
studying the body will enable us to learn more about the mind.
the mind and body are essentially one.
the mind should be studied by examining its individual components.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-06 Define and describe mind-body dualism.
128.____________ is formally defined as a feedback process whereby nature favours one design over another, depending on
whether it has an impact on reproduction.
→ Natural selection
Satisficing
Collective efficacy
Reciprocal logrolling

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
129.Spontaneous changes in genes are called ____________.
differential selections
softwirings
→ chance mutations
external adaptations

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
130.Without chance mutations, which of the following would occur?
Human species would become a superspecies.
Our thoughts and behaviour will depend entirely on our genetic makeup.
→ There would be no evolution.
Our thoughts and behaviour will depend entirely on our upbringing and experiences.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
131.Who is credited with genius of explaining how evolution works?
Watson
→ Darwin
Wundt
Lashley

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
132.Which of the following terms refers to inherited solutions to ancestral problems that have been naturally selected because
they directly contribute in some way to reproductive success?
→ Adaptation
Differential selection
Circular logrolling
Satisficing
Page 18 of 19

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
133.Early humans, as hunter-gatherers, did not know when they would find food. If they found fat, they ate it, because fat
could be stored in the body and used later when food might be scarce. For this reason, humans evolved to like fat. Human
cravings have not changed much, even though our environments have. So our preference for fatty foods can be attributed
to ____________.
softwiring
differential selection
collective efficacy
→ adaptation

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
134.With respect to biological species, evolution is based on ____________.
the tabula rasa concept
the product of our experiences.
proper parenting skills
→ gene frequency

Bloom's: Knowledge
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
135.Evolutionary theory assumes that individuals who receive a competitive advantage from inherited traits will be more
likely to survive, reproduce, and thus pass on these adaptive traits to future generations. This process is known as:
natural endurance.
→ natural selection.
natural extinction.
natural survival.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Learning Objective: 01-07 Summarize the evolution of human behaviour; including the roles of
Multiple Choice Question natural selection and adaptation.
136.Julie is a psychologist and she is conducting research on the effect of talking on a hands-free cell phone while driving.
Based on this information we can say that Julie is a(n) ____________ psychologist.
→ cognitive
developmental
evolutionary
educational

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
137.Which of the following topics is most likely to be studied by a developmental psychologist?
How much of people's personality is reflected in their Facebook profiles?
Are people who interact extensively with other people via Facebook more or less outgoing than those who do
not?
What is the effect of talking on a hands-free cell phone while driving?
→ What is the effect of gender on interest and participation in social networking sites?

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
138.Which of the following types of psychologists is most likely to conduct research on the age at which the usage of Internet
social networks peaks?
Evolutionary psychologist
→ Developmental psychologist
Clinical psychologist
Educational psychologist

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
139.Steve is conducting a research on how cell phones and other electronic methods of communication have changed the way
teenagers interact with others. This information indicates that Steve is a(n) ____________ psychologist.
educational
clinical
→ developmental
evolutionary

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
Page 19 of 19

140.More than just about any other area of psychology, ____________ psychology lends itself to a rich set of research
questions regarding electronic interactions.
clinical
positive
cognitive
→ social

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
141.Which of the following statements is true regarding electronic interactions?
Electronic interactions can be easily used to hide one's "real personality."
Electronic interaction is a preferred method of contact for extroverts.
→ People use the Internet to arrange real face-to-face meetings.
Electronic interactions have resulted in new boundaries between public and private means of connecting.

Bloom's: Comprehension
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
142.In the context of electronic interactions, being privately public means:
→ connecting with many other people, while being relatively nonpublic about revealing who you are.
avoiding online interactions with those people whom you have never met face-to-face.
you ensure that you remove all the traces of your electronic interactions.
you disclose a lot of details of your private life and may or may not limit access to your site.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
143.In the context of electronic interactions, being publicly private means:
connecting with many other people, while being relatively nonpublic about revealing who you are.
avoiding online interactions with those people whom you have never met face-to-face.
ensuring that you remove all the traces of your electronic interactions.
→ disclosing a lot of details of your private life.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
144.Which of the following questions is most likely to be answered by a personality psychologist?
→ How much of people's personalities is reflected in their Facebook profiles?
At what age does usage of Internet social networks peak?
Will people above the age of sixty use the Internet?
Does gender affect interest and participation in social networking sites?

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
145.Anna is conducting research to find out if people who interact extensively with other people via Facebook are more or less
outgoing than those who do not. Anna is most likely a ____________ psychologist.
health
→ personality
social
clinical

Bloom's: Application
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.
146.Facebook profiles are:
idealized images of who we want to be.
images of who we want others to ideally perceive us to be.
accurate representations of our true personalities.
→ the personalities that we and our close friends actually perceive.

Bloom's: Knowledge
Multiple Choice Question Learning Objective: 01-02 Name and describe the different subdisciplines of psychology.